Abstract

Tetragonal single crystals of NaT(WO4)2 (T = Y or Lu) co-doped with Tm3+ and Ho3+ ions have been employed for broadly tunable and efficient room-temperature laser operation at around 2 μm. With Ti:sapphire laser pumping at 795 nm, a slope efficiency and a maximum output power as high as 48% and 265 mW, respectively, have been achieved at 2050 nm from a Tm,Ho:NaY(WO4)2 crystal. Tuning from 1830 nm to 2080 nm has also been obtained using an intracavity Lyot filter.

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  1. C. Cascales, M. D. Serrano, F. Esteban-Betegón, C. Zaldo, R. Peters, K. Petermann, G. Huber, L. Ackermann, D. Rytz, C. Dupre, M. Rico, J. Liu, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Structural, spectroscopic, and tunable laser properties of Yb3+-doped NaGd(WO4)2,” Phys. Rev. B 74(17), 174114 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  2. A. García-Cortés, J. M. Cano-Torres, X. Han, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, X. Mateos, S. Rivier, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, and F. J. Valle, “Tunable continuous wave and femtosecond mode-locked Yb3+ laser operation in NaLu(WO4)2,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(6), 063110 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  3. A. García-Cortés, J. M. Cano-Torres, M. D. Serrano, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, S. Rivier, X. Mateos, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Spectroscopy and lasing of Yb-doped NaY(WO4)2: Tunable and femtosecond mode-locked laser operation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43(9), 758–764 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. M. Cano-Torres, M. D. Serrano, C. Zaldo, M. Rico, X. Mateos, J. Liu, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, F. J. Valle, M. Galán, and G. Viera, “Broadly tunable laser operation near 2 ?m in a locally disordered crystal of Tm3+-doped NaGd(WO4)2,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23(12), 2494–2502 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  5. X. Han, J. M. Cano-Torres, M. Rico, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, X. Mateos, S. Rivier, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Spectroscopy and efficient laser operation near 1.95 ?m of Tm3+ in disordered NaLu(WO4)2,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(8), 083110 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. Rico, J. M. Cano-Torres, M. D. Serrano, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Tunable, continuous-wave near 2-?m laser operation of Tm3+ in NaY(WO4)2 single crystal,” in Advanced Solid-State Photonics (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 2009), WB27.
  7. W. B. Cho, A. Schmidt, J. H. Yim, S. Y. Choi, S. Lee, F. Rotermund, U. Griebner, G. Steinmeyer, V. Petrov, X. Mateos, M. C. Pujol, J. J. Carvajal, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Passive mode-locking of a Tm-doped bulk laser near 2 microm using a carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 17(13), 11007–11012 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. A. A. Lagatsky, F. Fusari, S. Calvez, J. A. Gupta, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, C. T. A. Brown, M. D. Dawson, and W. Sibbett, “Passive mode locking of a Tm,Ho:KY(WO4)2 laser around 2 microm,” Opt. Lett. 34(17), 2587–2589 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. H. Wang, J. Li, G. Jia, Z. You, F. Yang, Y. Wei, Y. Wang, Z. Zhu, X. Lu, and C. Tu, “Optical properties of Ho3+-doped NaGd(WO4)2 crystal for laser materials,” J. Alloy. Comp. 431(1–2), 277–281 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  10. A. Méndez-Blas, M. Rico, V. Volkov, C. Zaldo, and C. Cascales, “Crystal field analysis and emission cross sections of Ho3+ in the locally disordered single-crystal laser hosts M+Bi(XO4)2 (M+=Li, Na; X=W, Mo),” Phys. Rev. B 75(17), 174208 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  11. B. M. Walsh, “Review of Tm and Ho materials; spectroscopy and lasers,” Laser Phys. 19(4), 855–866 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  12. A. A. Lagatsky, F. Fusari, S. V. Kurilchik, V. E. Kisel, A. S. Yasukevich, N. V. Kuleshov, A. A. Pavlyuk, C. T. A. Brown, and W. Sibbett, “Optical spectroscopy and efficient continuous-wave operation near 2 ?m for a Tm,Ho:KYW laser crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 321–326 (2009).
    [CrossRef]

2009 (4)

2008 (1)

X. Han, J. M. Cano-Torres, M. Rico, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, X. Mateos, S. Rivier, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Spectroscopy and efficient laser operation near 1.95 ?m of Tm3+ in disordered NaLu(WO4)2,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(8), 083110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (4)

A. García-Cortés, J. M. Cano-Torres, X. Han, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, X. Mateos, S. Rivier, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, and F. J. Valle, “Tunable continuous wave and femtosecond mode-locked Yb3+ laser operation in NaLu(WO4)2,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(6), 063110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. García-Cortés, J. M. Cano-Torres, M. D. Serrano, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, S. Rivier, X. Mateos, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Spectroscopy and lasing of Yb-doped NaY(WO4)2: Tunable and femtosecond mode-locked laser operation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43(9), 758–764 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Wang, J. Li, G. Jia, Z. You, F. Yang, Y. Wei, Y. Wang, Z. Zhu, X. Lu, and C. Tu, “Optical properties of Ho3+-doped NaGd(WO4)2 crystal for laser materials,” J. Alloy. Comp. 431(1–2), 277–281 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Méndez-Blas, M. Rico, V. Volkov, C. Zaldo, and C. Cascales, “Crystal field analysis and emission cross sections of Ho3+ in the locally disordered single-crystal laser hosts M+Bi(XO4)2 (M+=Li, Na; X=W, Mo),” Phys. Rev. B 75(17), 174208 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

J. M. Cano-Torres, M. D. Serrano, C. Zaldo, M. Rico, X. Mateos, J. Liu, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, F. J. Valle, M. Galán, and G. Viera, “Broadly tunable laser operation near 2 ?m in a locally disordered crystal of Tm3+-doped NaGd(WO4)2,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23(12), 2494–2502 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Cascales, M. D. Serrano, F. Esteban-Betegón, C. Zaldo, R. Peters, K. Petermann, G. Huber, L. Ackermann, D. Rytz, C. Dupre, M. Rico, J. Liu, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Structural, spectroscopic, and tunable laser properties of Yb3+-doped NaGd(WO4)2,” Phys. Rev. B 74(17), 174114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ackermann, L.

C. Cascales, M. D. Serrano, F. Esteban-Betegón, C. Zaldo, R. Peters, K. Petermann, G. Huber, L. Ackermann, D. Rytz, C. Dupre, M. Rico, J. Liu, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Structural, spectroscopic, and tunable laser properties of Yb3+-doped NaGd(WO4)2,” Phys. Rev. B 74(17), 174114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Aguiló, M.

Brown, C. T. A.

A. A. Lagatsky, F. Fusari, S. Calvez, J. A. Gupta, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, C. T. A. Brown, M. D. Dawson, and W. Sibbett, “Passive mode locking of a Tm,Ho:KY(WO4)2 laser around 2 microm,” Opt. Lett. 34(17), 2587–2589 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. A. Lagatsky, F. Fusari, S. V. Kurilchik, V. E. Kisel, A. S. Yasukevich, N. V. Kuleshov, A. A. Pavlyuk, C. T. A. Brown, and W. Sibbett, “Optical spectroscopy and efficient continuous-wave operation near 2 ?m for a Tm,Ho:KYW laser crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 321–326 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Calvez, S.

Cano-Torres, J. M.

X. Han, J. M. Cano-Torres, M. Rico, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, X. Mateos, S. Rivier, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Spectroscopy and efficient laser operation near 1.95 ?m of Tm3+ in disordered NaLu(WO4)2,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(8), 083110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. García-Cortés, J. M. Cano-Torres, X. Han, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, X. Mateos, S. Rivier, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, and F. J. Valle, “Tunable continuous wave and femtosecond mode-locked Yb3+ laser operation in NaLu(WO4)2,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(6), 063110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. García-Cortés, J. M. Cano-Torres, M. D. Serrano, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, S. Rivier, X. Mateos, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Spectroscopy and lasing of Yb-doped NaY(WO4)2: Tunable and femtosecond mode-locked laser operation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43(9), 758–764 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Cano-Torres, M. D. Serrano, C. Zaldo, M. Rico, X. Mateos, J. Liu, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, F. J. Valle, M. Galán, and G. Viera, “Broadly tunable laser operation near 2 ?m in a locally disordered crystal of Tm3+-doped NaGd(WO4)2,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23(12), 2494–2502 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Carvajal, J. J.

Cascales, C.

X. Han, J. M. Cano-Torres, M. Rico, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, X. Mateos, S. Rivier, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Spectroscopy and efficient laser operation near 1.95 ?m of Tm3+ in disordered NaLu(WO4)2,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(8), 083110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Méndez-Blas, M. Rico, V. Volkov, C. Zaldo, and C. Cascales, “Crystal field analysis and emission cross sections of Ho3+ in the locally disordered single-crystal laser hosts M+Bi(XO4)2 (M+=Li, Na; X=W, Mo),” Phys. Rev. B 75(17), 174208 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. García-Cortés, J. M. Cano-Torres, M. D. Serrano, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, S. Rivier, X. Mateos, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Spectroscopy and lasing of Yb-doped NaY(WO4)2: Tunable and femtosecond mode-locked laser operation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43(9), 758–764 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. García-Cortés, J. M. Cano-Torres, X. Han, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, X. Mateos, S. Rivier, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, and F. J. Valle, “Tunable continuous wave and femtosecond mode-locked Yb3+ laser operation in NaLu(WO4)2,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(6), 063110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Cascales, M. D. Serrano, F. Esteban-Betegón, C. Zaldo, R. Peters, K. Petermann, G. Huber, L. Ackermann, D. Rytz, C. Dupre, M. Rico, J. Liu, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Structural, spectroscopic, and tunable laser properties of Yb3+-doped NaGd(WO4)2,” Phys. Rev. B 74(17), 174114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cho, W. B.

Choi, S. Y.

Dawson, M. D.

Díaz, F.

Dupre, C.

C. Cascales, M. D. Serrano, F. Esteban-Betegón, C. Zaldo, R. Peters, K. Petermann, G. Huber, L. Ackermann, D. Rytz, C. Dupre, M. Rico, J. Liu, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Structural, spectroscopic, and tunable laser properties of Yb3+-doped NaGd(WO4)2,” Phys. Rev. B 74(17), 174114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Esteban-Betegón, F.

C. Cascales, M. D. Serrano, F. Esteban-Betegón, C. Zaldo, R. Peters, K. Petermann, G. Huber, L. Ackermann, D. Rytz, C. Dupre, M. Rico, J. Liu, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Structural, spectroscopic, and tunable laser properties of Yb3+-doped NaGd(WO4)2,” Phys. Rev. B 74(17), 174114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fusari, F.

A. A. Lagatsky, F. Fusari, S. V. Kurilchik, V. E. Kisel, A. S. Yasukevich, N. V. Kuleshov, A. A. Pavlyuk, C. T. A. Brown, and W. Sibbett, “Optical spectroscopy and efficient continuous-wave operation near 2 ?m for a Tm,Ho:KYW laser crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 321–326 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Lagatsky, F. Fusari, S. Calvez, J. A. Gupta, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, C. T. A. Brown, M. D. Dawson, and W. Sibbett, “Passive mode locking of a Tm,Ho:KY(WO4)2 laser around 2 microm,” Opt. Lett. 34(17), 2587–2589 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Galán, M.

García-Cortés, A.

A. García-Cortés, J. M. Cano-Torres, X. Han, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, X. Mateos, S. Rivier, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, and F. J. Valle, “Tunable continuous wave and femtosecond mode-locked Yb3+ laser operation in NaLu(WO4)2,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(6), 063110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. García-Cortés, J. M. Cano-Torres, M. D. Serrano, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, S. Rivier, X. Mateos, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Spectroscopy and lasing of Yb-doped NaY(WO4)2: Tunable and femtosecond mode-locked laser operation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43(9), 758–764 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Griebner, U.

W. B. Cho, A. Schmidt, J. H. Yim, S. Y. Choi, S. Lee, F. Rotermund, U. Griebner, G. Steinmeyer, V. Petrov, X. Mateos, M. C. Pujol, J. J. Carvajal, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Passive mode-locking of a Tm-doped bulk laser near 2 microm using a carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 17(13), 11007–11012 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Han, J. M. Cano-Torres, M. Rico, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, X. Mateos, S. Rivier, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Spectroscopy and efficient laser operation near 1.95 ?m of Tm3+ in disordered NaLu(WO4)2,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(8), 083110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. García-Cortés, J. M. Cano-Torres, X. Han, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, X. Mateos, S. Rivier, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, and F. J. Valle, “Tunable continuous wave and femtosecond mode-locked Yb3+ laser operation in NaLu(WO4)2,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(6), 063110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. García-Cortés, J. M. Cano-Torres, M. D. Serrano, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, S. Rivier, X. Mateos, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Spectroscopy and lasing of Yb-doped NaY(WO4)2: Tunable and femtosecond mode-locked laser operation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43(9), 758–764 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Cascales, M. D. Serrano, F. Esteban-Betegón, C. Zaldo, R. Peters, K. Petermann, G. Huber, L. Ackermann, D. Rytz, C. Dupre, M. Rico, J. Liu, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Structural, spectroscopic, and tunable laser properties of Yb3+-doped NaGd(WO4)2,” Phys. Rev. B 74(17), 174114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Cano-Torres, M. D. Serrano, C. Zaldo, M. Rico, X. Mateos, J. Liu, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, F. J. Valle, M. Galán, and G. Viera, “Broadly tunable laser operation near 2 ?m in a locally disordered crystal of Tm3+-doped NaGd(WO4)2,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23(12), 2494–2502 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gupta, J. A.

Han, X.

X. Han, J. M. Cano-Torres, M. Rico, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, X. Mateos, S. Rivier, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Spectroscopy and efficient laser operation near 1.95 ?m of Tm3+ in disordered NaLu(WO4)2,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(8), 083110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. García-Cortés, J. M. Cano-Torres, X. Han, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, X. Mateos, S. Rivier, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, and F. J. Valle, “Tunable continuous wave and femtosecond mode-locked Yb3+ laser operation in NaLu(WO4)2,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(6), 063110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Huber, G.

C. Cascales, M. D. Serrano, F. Esteban-Betegón, C. Zaldo, R. Peters, K. Petermann, G. Huber, L. Ackermann, D. Rytz, C. Dupre, M. Rico, J. Liu, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Structural, spectroscopic, and tunable laser properties of Yb3+-doped NaGd(WO4)2,” Phys. Rev. B 74(17), 174114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jia, G.

H. Wang, J. Li, G. Jia, Z. You, F. Yang, Y. Wei, Y. Wang, Z. Zhu, X. Lu, and C. Tu, “Optical properties of Ho3+-doped NaGd(WO4)2 crystal for laser materials,” J. Alloy. Comp. 431(1–2), 277–281 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kisel, V. E.

A. A. Lagatsky, F. Fusari, S. V. Kurilchik, V. E. Kisel, A. S. Yasukevich, N. V. Kuleshov, A. A. Pavlyuk, C. T. A. Brown, and W. Sibbett, “Optical spectroscopy and efficient continuous-wave operation near 2 ?m for a Tm,Ho:KYW laser crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 321–326 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Lagatsky, F. Fusari, S. Calvez, J. A. Gupta, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, C. T. A. Brown, M. D. Dawson, and W. Sibbett, “Passive mode locking of a Tm,Ho:KY(WO4)2 laser around 2 microm,” Opt. Lett. 34(17), 2587–2589 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kuleshov, N. V.

A. A. Lagatsky, F. Fusari, S. Calvez, J. A. Gupta, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, C. T. A. Brown, M. D. Dawson, and W. Sibbett, “Passive mode locking of a Tm,Ho:KY(WO4)2 laser around 2 microm,” Opt. Lett. 34(17), 2587–2589 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. A. Lagatsky, F. Fusari, S. V. Kurilchik, V. E. Kisel, A. S. Yasukevich, N. V. Kuleshov, A. A. Pavlyuk, C. T. A. Brown, and W. Sibbett, “Optical spectroscopy and efficient continuous-wave operation near 2 ?m for a Tm,Ho:KYW laser crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 321–326 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kurilchik, S. V.

A. A. Lagatsky, F. Fusari, S. V. Kurilchik, V. E. Kisel, A. S. Yasukevich, N. V. Kuleshov, A. A. Pavlyuk, C. T. A. Brown, and W. Sibbett, “Optical spectroscopy and efficient continuous-wave operation near 2 ?m for a Tm,Ho:KYW laser crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 321–326 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lagatsky, A. A.

A. A. Lagatsky, F. Fusari, S. Calvez, J. A. Gupta, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, C. T. A. Brown, M. D. Dawson, and W. Sibbett, “Passive mode locking of a Tm,Ho:KY(WO4)2 laser around 2 microm,” Opt. Lett. 34(17), 2587–2589 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. A. Lagatsky, F. Fusari, S. V. Kurilchik, V. E. Kisel, A. S. Yasukevich, N. V. Kuleshov, A. A. Pavlyuk, C. T. A. Brown, and W. Sibbett, “Optical spectroscopy and efficient continuous-wave operation near 2 ?m for a Tm,Ho:KYW laser crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 321–326 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S.

Li, J.

H. Wang, J. Li, G. Jia, Z. You, F. Yang, Y. Wei, Y. Wang, Z. Zhu, X. Lu, and C. Tu, “Optical properties of Ho3+-doped NaGd(WO4)2 crystal for laser materials,” J. Alloy. Comp. 431(1–2), 277–281 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J.

C. Cascales, M. D. Serrano, F. Esteban-Betegón, C. Zaldo, R. Peters, K. Petermann, G. Huber, L. Ackermann, D. Rytz, C. Dupre, M. Rico, J. Liu, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Structural, spectroscopic, and tunable laser properties of Yb3+-doped NaGd(WO4)2,” Phys. Rev. B 74(17), 174114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Cano-Torres, M. D. Serrano, C. Zaldo, M. Rico, X. Mateos, J. Liu, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, F. J. Valle, M. Galán, and G. Viera, “Broadly tunable laser operation near 2 ?m in a locally disordered crystal of Tm3+-doped NaGd(WO4)2,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23(12), 2494–2502 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lu, X.

H. Wang, J. Li, G. Jia, Z. You, F. Yang, Y. Wei, Y. Wang, Z. Zhu, X. Lu, and C. Tu, “Optical properties of Ho3+-doped NaGd(WO4)2 crystal for laser materials,” J. Alloy. Comp. 431(1–2), 277–281 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mateos, X.

W. B. Cho, A. Schmidt, J. H. Yim, S. Y. Choi, S. Lee, F. Rotermund, U. Griebner, G. Steinmeyer, V. Petrov, X. Mateos, M. C. Pujol, J. J. Carvajal, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Passive mode-locking of a Tm-doped bulk laser near 2 microm using a carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 17(13), 11007–11012 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Han, J. M. Cano-Torres, M. Rico, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, X. Mateos, S. Rivier, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Spectroscopy and efficient laser operation near 1.95 ?m of Tm3+ in disordered NaLu(WO4)2,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(8), 083110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. García-Cortés, J. M. Cano-Torres, M. D. Serrano, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, S. Rivier, X. Mateos, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Spectroscopy and lasing of Yb-doped NaY(WO4)2: Tunable and femtosecond mode-locked laser operation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43(9), 758–764 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. García-Cortés, J. M. Cano-Torres, X. Han, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, X. Mateos, S. Rivier, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, and F. J. Valle, “Tunable continuous wave and femtosecond mode-locked Yb3+ laser operation in NaLu(WO4)2,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(6), 063110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Cano-Torres, M. D. Serrano, C. Zaldo, M. Rico, X. Mateos, J. Liu, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, F. J. Valle, M. Galán, and G. Viera, “Broadly tunable laser operation near 2 ?m in a locally disordered crystal of Tm3+-doped NaGd(WO4)2,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23(12), 2494–2502 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Méndez-Blas, A.

A. Méndez-Blas, M. Rico, V. Volkov, C. Zaldo, and C. Cascales, “Crystal field analysis and emission cross sections of Ho3+ in the locally disordered single-crystal laser hosts M+Bi(XO4)2 (M+=Li, Na; X=W, Mo),” Phys. Rev. B 75(17), 174208 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Pavlyuk, A. A.

A. A. Lagatsky, F. Fusari, S. V. Kurilchik, V. E. Kisel, A. S. Yasukevich, N. V. Kuleshov, A. A. Pavlyuk, C. T. A. Brown, and W. Sibbett, “Optical spectroscopy and efficient continuous-wave operation near 2 ?m for a Tm,Ho:KYW laser crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 321–326 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Petermann, K.

C. Cascales, M. D. Serrano, F. Esteban-Betegón, C. Zaldo, R. Peters, K. Petermann, G. Huber, L. Ackermann, D. Rytz, C. Dupre, M. Rico, J. Liu, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Structural, spectroscopic, and tunable laser properties of Yb3+-doped NaGd(WO4)2,” Phys. Rev. B 74(17), 174114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Peters, R.

C. Cascales, M. D. Serrano, F. Esteban-Betegón, C. Zaldo, R. Peters, K. Petermann, G. Huber, L. Ackermann, D. Rytz, C. Dupre, M. Rico, J. Liu, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Structural, spectroscopic, and tunable laser properties of Yb3+-doped NaGd(WO4)2,” Phys. Rev. B 74(17), 174114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Petrov, V.

W. B. Cho, A. Schmidt, J. H. Yim, S. Y. Choi, S. Lee, F. Rotermund, U. Griebner, G. Steinmeyer, V. Petrov, X. Mateos, M. C. Pujol, J. J. Carvajal, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Passive mode-locking of a Tm-doped bulk laser near 2 microm using a carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 17(13), 11007–11012 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Han, J. M. Cano-Torres, M. Rico, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, X. Mateos, S. Rivier, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Spectroscopy and efficient laser operation near 1.95 ?m of Tm3+ in disordered NaLu(WO4)2,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(8), 083110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. García-Cortés, J. M. Cano-Torres, X. Han, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, X. Mateos, S. Rivier, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, and F. J. Valle, “Tunable continuous wave and femtosecond mode-locked Yb3+ laser operation in NaLu(WO4)2,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(6), 063110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. García-Cortés, J. M. Cano-Torres, M. D. Serrano, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, S. Rivier, X. Mateos, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Spectroscopy and lasing of Yb-doped NaY(WO4)2: Tunable and femtosecond mode-locked laser operation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43(9), 758–764 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Cascales, M. D. Serrano, F. Esteban-Betegón, C. Zaldo, R. Peters, K. Petermann, G. Huber, L. Ackermann, D. Rytz, C. Dupre, M. Rico, J. Liu, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Structural, spectroscopic, and tunable laser properties of Yb3+-doped NaGd(WO4)2,” Phys. Rev. B 74(17), 174114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Cano-Torres, M. D. Serrano, C. Zaldo, M. Rico, X. Mateos, J. Liu, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, F. J. Valle, M. Galán, and G. Viera, “Broadly tunable laser operation near 2 ?m in a locally disordered crystal of Tm3+-doped NaGd(WO4)2,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23(12), 2494–2502 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Pujol, M. C.

Rico, M.

X. Han, J. M. Cano-Torres, M. Rico, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, X. Mateos, S. Rivier, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Spectroscopy and efficient laser operation near 1.95 ?m of Tm3+ in disordered NaLu(WO4)2,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(8), 083110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Méndez-Blas, M. Rico, V. Volkov, C. Zaldo, and C. Cascales, “Crystal field analysis and emission cross sections of Ho3+ in the locally disordered single-crystal laser hosts M+Bi(XO4)2 (M+=Li, Na; X=W, Mo),” Phys. Rev. B 75(17), 174208 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Cascales, M. D. Serrano, F. Esteban-Betegón, C. Zaldo, R. Peters, K. Petermann, G. Huber, L. Ackermann, D. Rytz, C. Dupre, M. Rico, J. Liu, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Structural, spectroscopic, and tunable laser properties of Yb3+-doped NaGd(WO4)2,” Phys. Rev. B 74(17), 174114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Cano-Torres, M. D. Serrano, C. Zaldo, M. Rico, X. Mateos, J. Liu, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, F. J. Valle, M. Galán, and G. Viera, “Broadly tunable laser operation near 2 ?m in a locally disordered crystal of Tm3+-doped NaGd(WO4)2,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23(12), 2494–2502 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Rivier, S.

X. Han, J. M. Cano-Torres, M. Rico, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, X. Mateos, S. Rivier, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Spectroscopy and efficient laser operation near 1.95 ?m of Tm3+ in disordered NaLu(WO4)2,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(8), 083110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. García-Cortés, J. M. Cano-Torres, M. D. Serrano, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, S. Rivier, X. Mateos, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Spectroscopy and lasing of Yb-doped NaY(WO4)2: Tunable and femtosecond mode-locked laser operation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43(9), 758–764 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. García-Cortés, J. M. Cano-Torres, X. Han, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, X. Mateos, S. Rivier, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, and F. J. Valle, “Tunable continuous wave and femtosecond mode-locked Yb3+ laser operation in NaLu(WO4)2,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(6), 063110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Rotermund, F.

Rytz, D.

C. Cascales, M. D. Serrano, F. Esteban-Betegón, C. Zaldo, R. Peters, K. Petermann, G. Huber, L. Ackermann, D. Rytz, C. Dupre, M. Rico, J. Liu, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Structural, spectroscopic, and tunable laser properties of Yb3+-doped NaGd(WO4)2,” Phys. Rev. B 74(17), 174114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt, A.

Serrano, M. D.

A. García-Cortés, J. M. Cano-Torres, M. D. Serrano, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, S. Rivier, X. Mateos, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Spectroscopy and lasing of Yb-doped NaY(WO4)2: Tunable and femtosecond mode-locked laser operation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43(9), 758–764 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Cascales, M. D. Serrano, F. Esteban-Betegón, C. Zaldo, R. Peters, K. Petermann, G. Huber, L. Ackermann, D. Rytz, C. Dupre, M. Rico, J. Liu, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Structural, spectroscopic, and tunable laser properties of Yb3+-doped NaGd(WO4)2,” Phys. Rev. B 74(17), 174114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Cano-Torres, M. D. Serrano, C. Zaldo, M. Rico, X. Mateos, J. Liu, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, F. J. Valle, M. Galán, and G. Viera, “Broadly tunable laser operation near 2 ?m in a locally disordered crystal of Tm3+-doped NaGd(WO4)2,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23(12), 2494–2502 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sibbett, W.

A. A. Lagatsky, F. Fusari, S. Calvez, J. A. Gupta, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, C. T. A. Brown, M. D. Dawson, and W. Sibbett, “Passive mode locking of a Tm,Ho:KY(WO4)2 laser around 2 microm,” Opt. Lett. 34(17), 2587–2589 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. A. Lagatsky, F. Fusari, S. V. Kurilchik, V. E. Kisel, A. S. Yasukevich, N. V. Kuleshov, A. A. Pavlyuk, C. T. A. Brown, and W. Sibbett, “Optical spectroscopy and efficient continuous-wave operation near 2 ?m for a Tm,Ho:KYW laser crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 321–326 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Steinmeyer, G.

Tu, C.

H. Wang, J. Li, G. Jia, Z. You, F. Yang, Y. Wei, Y. Wang, Z. Zhu, X. Lu, and C. Tu, “Optical properties of Ho3+-doped NaGd(WO4)2 crystal for laser materials,” J. Alloy. Comp. 431(1–2), 277–281 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Valle, F. J.

A. García-Cortés, J. M. Cano-Torres, X. Han, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, X. Mateos, S. Rivier, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, and F. J. Valle, “Tunable continuous wave and femtosecond mode-locked Yb3+ laser operation in NaLu(WO4)2,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(6), 063110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Cano-Torres, M. D. Serrano, C. Zaldo, M. Rico, X. Mateos, J. Liu, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, F. J. Valle, M. Galán, and G. Viera, “Broadly tunable laser operation near 2 ?m in a locally disordered crystal of Tm3+-doped NaGd(WO4)2,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23(12), 2494–2502 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Viera, G.

Volkov, V.

A. Méndez-Blas, M. Rico, V. Volkov, C. Zaldo, and C. Cascales, “Crystal field analysis and emission cross sections of Ho3+ in the locally disordered single-crystal laser hosts M+Bi(XO4)2 (M+=Li, Na; X=W, Mo),” Phys. Rev. B 75(17), 174208 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Walsh, B. M.

B. M. Walsh, “Review of Tm and Ho materials; spectroscopy and lasers,” Laser Phys. 19(4), 855–866 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, H.

H. Wang, J. Li, G. Jia, Z. You, F. Yang, Y. Wei, Y. Wang, Z. Zhu, X. Lu, and C. Tu, “Optical properties of Ho3+-doped NaGd(WO4)2 crystal for laser materials,” J. Alloy. Comp. 431(1–2), 277–281 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y.

H. Wang, J. Li, G. Jia, Z. You, F. Yang, Y. Wei, Y. Wang, Z. Zhu, X. Lu, and C. Tu, “Optical properties of Ho3+-doped NaGd(WO4)2 crystal for laser materials,” J. Alloy. Comp. 431(1–2), 277–281 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wei, Y.

H. Wang, J. Li, G. Jia, Z. You, F. Yang, Y. Wei, Y. Wang, Z. Zhu, X. Lu, and C. Tu, “Optical properties of Ho3+-doped NaGd(WO4)2 crystal for laser materials,” J. Alloy. Comp. 431(1–2), 277–281 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yang, F.

H. Wang, J. Li, G. Jia, Z. You, F. Yang, Y. Wei, Y. Wang, Z. Zhu, X. Lu, and C. Tu, “Optical properties of Ho3+-doped NaGd(WO4)2 crystal for laser materials,” J. Alloy. Comp. 431(1–2), 277–281 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yasukevich, A. S.

A. A. Lagatsky, F. Fusari, S. V. Kurilchik, V. E. Kisel, A. S. Yasukevich, N. V. Kuleshov, A. A. Pavlyuk, C. T. A. Brown, and W. Sibbett, “Optical spectroscopy and efficient continuous-wave operation near 2 ?m for a Tm,Ho:KYW laser crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 321–326 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yim, J. H.

You, Z.

H. Wang, J. Li, G. Jia, Z. You, F. Yang, Y. Wei, Y. Wang, Z. Zhu, X. Lu, and C. Tu, “Optical properties of Ho3+-doped NaGd(WO4)2 crystal for laser materials,” J. Alloy. Comp. 431(1–2), 277–281 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zaldo, C.

X. Han, J. M. Cano-Torres, M. Rico, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, X. Mateos, S. Rivier, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Spectroscopy and efficient laser operation near 1.95 ?m of Tm3+ in disordered NaLu(WO4)2,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(8), 083110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Méndez-Blas, M. Rico, V. Volkov, C. Zaldo, and C. Cascales, “Crystal field analysis and emission cross sections of Ho3+ in the locally disordered single-crystal laser hosts M+Bi(XO4)2 (M+=Li, Na; X=W, Mo),” Phys. Rev. B 75(17), 174208 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. García-Cortés, J. M. Cano-Torres, X. Han, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, X. Mateos, S. Rivier, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, and F. J. Valle, “Tunable continuous wave and femtosecond mode-locked Yb3+ laser operation in NaLu(WO4)2,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(6), 063110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. García-Cortés, J. M. Cano-Torres, M. D. Serrano, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, S. Rivier, X. Mateos, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Spectroscopy and lasing of Yb-doped NaY(WO4)2: Tunable and femtosecond mode-locked laser operation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43(9), 758–764 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Cascales, M. D. Serrano, F. Esteban-Betegón, C. Zaldo, R. Peters, K. Petermann, G. Huber, L. Ackermann, D. Rytz, C. Dupre, M. Rico, J. Liu, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Structural, spectroscopic, and tunable laser properties of Yb3+-doped NaGd(WO4)2,” Phys. Rev. B 74(17), 174114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Cano-Torres, M. D. Serrano, C. Zaldo, M. Rico, X. Mateos, J. Liu, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, F. J. Valle, M. Galán, and G. Viera, “Broadly tunable laser operation near 2 ?m in a locally disordered crystal of Tm3+-doped NaGd(WO4)2,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23(12), 2494–2502 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, Z.

H. Wang, J. Li, G. Jia, Z. You, F. Yang, Y. Wei, Y. Wang, Z. Zhu, X. Lu, and C. Tu, “Optical properties of Ho3+-doped NaGd(WO4)2 crystal for laser materials,” J. Alloy. Comp. 431(1–2), 277–281 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

A. A. Lagatsky, F. Fusari, S. V. Kurilchik, V. E. Kisel, A. S. Yasukevich, N. V. Kuleshov, A. A. Pavlyuk, C. T. A. Brown, and W. Sibbett, “Optical spectroscopy and efficient continuous-wave operation near 2 ?m for a Tm,Ho:KYW laser crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 321–326 (2009).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

A. García-Cortés, J. M. Cano-Torres, M. D. Serrano, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, S. Rivier, X. Mateos, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Spectroscopy and lasing of Yb-doped NaY(WO4)2: Tunable and femtosecond mode-locked laser operation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43(9), 758–764 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Alloy. Comp. (1)

H. Wang, J. Li, G. Jia, Z. You, F. Yang, Y. Wei, Y. Wang, Z. Zhu, X. Lu, and C. Tu, “Optical properties of Ho3+-doped NaGd(WO4)2 crystal for laser materials,” J. Alloy. Comp. 431(1–2), 277–281 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

X. Han, J. M. Cano-Torres, M. Rico, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, X. Mateos, S. Rivier, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Spectroscopy and efficient laser operation near 1.95 ?m of Tm3+ in disordered NaLu(WO4)2,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(8), 083110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. García-Cortés, J. M. Cano-Torres, X. Han, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, X. Mateos, S. Rivier, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, and F. J. Valle, “Tunable continuous wave and femtosecond mode-locked Yb3+ laser operation in NaLu(WO4)2,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(6), 063110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Laser Phys. (1)

B. M. Walsh, “Review of Tm and Ho materials; spectroscopy and lasers,” Laser Phys. 19(4), 855–866 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. B (2)

C. Cascales, M. D. Serrano, F. Esteban-Betegón, C. Zaldo, R. Peters, K. Petermann, G. Huber, L. Ackermann, D. Rytz, C. Dupre, M. Rico, J. Liu, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Structural, spectroscopic, and tunable laser properties of Yb3+-doped NaGd(WO4)2,” Phys. Rev. B 74(17), 174114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Méndez-Blas, M. Rico, V. Volkov, C. Zaldo, and C. Cascales, “Crystal field analysis and emission cross sections of Ho3+ in the locally disordered single-crystal laser hosts M+Bi(XO4)2 (M+=Li, Na; X=W, Mo),” Phys. Rev. B 75(17), 174208 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

M. Rico, J. M. Cano-Torres, M. D. Serrano, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Tunable, continuous-wave near 2-?m laser operation of Tm3+ in NaY(WO4)2 single crystal,” in Advanced Solid-State Photonics (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 2009), WB27.

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Simplified energy level diagrams for Tm3+ and Ho3+ lanthanides. The continuous arrows show absorption and emission transitions, while dashed arrows show non-radiative transitions and energy transfer processes.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

RT optical absorption of Tm(5at%), Ho(0.5at%):NaLuW (blue continuous line) and absorption of Tm(5at%):NaLuW (red pointed line is given for comparison) for (a) π− and (b) σ-polarizations.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) RT unpolarized emission of Tm(5at%), Ho(0.25at%):NaYW (blue line) and Tm(5at%), Ho(0.5 at%):NaYW (grey line); (b) Tm(5at%), Ho(0.5at%): NaLu(WO4)2 (blue line). The (2σ + π)/3 averaged emission cross sections of Ho:NaBiW and Tm:NaYW are included as red circles in (a) and (b), respectively.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Experimental laser set-up.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Cw laser performance of Tm(5at%), Ho(0.25at%):NaYW crystal. (a) σ-pol. (1.55-mm-long crystal). (b) π-pol. (3.4-mm-long crystal).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Cw and quasi cw laser performance of the Tm (5at%),Ho(0.5at%):NaYW crystals. (a) σ-pol. (1.75-mm-long crystal). (b) π-pol. (3.5-mm-long crystal).

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Tunability of the Tm(5at%),Ho(0.25at%):NaYW crystal for σ- and π-polarizations. The sample thickness for σ and π were 1.55 mm and 3.4 mm, respectively.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Laser performance of the Tm(5at%), Ho(0.5at%):NaLuW crystal. (a) Input-output characteristics during cw (red points) and quasi-cw operation (black squares). (b) Cw tunability for the σ-polarization (1.46-mm-long crystal).

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Tm3+ and Ho3+ concentrations in the melt and in the crystal.

Metrics