Abstract

The generation of hollow beams by a multimode light guiding device is analyzed. The light propagation through the light guide is simulated by ray tracing. It is shown that hollow beams are generated by light rays that propagate along a spiral path through the light guide. The properties of the hollow beam depend on the tilt angle and location of the input beam on the front surface of the light guide. The properties of the output beam are investigated experimentally.

© 2010 OSA

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2009 (1)

2008 (3)

C. L. Zhao, Y. J. Cai, F. Wang, X. H. Lu, and Y. Z. Wang, “Generation of a high-quality partially coherent dark hollow beam with a multimode fiber,” Opt. Lett. 33(12), 1389–1391 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. L. Zhao, X. H. Lu, and H. Chen, “Study of dark-hollow beams generated with different multimode fibres,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 25(5), 1676–1679 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. De Saint-Denis, E. Cagniot, P. Leprince, M. Fromager, and K. Ait-Ameur, “Low cost adjustable axicon,” Optoelectronics and Advanced Materials-Rapid Communications 2, 693–696 (2008).

2007 (2)

S. R. Mishra, S. K. Tiwari, S. P. Ram, and S. C. Mehendale, “Generation of hollow conic beams using a metal axicon mirror,” Opt. Eng. 46 (2007).

C. C. Yan, G. G. Xue, C. Liu, H. Chen, and Y. P. Cui, “A method of acquiring a dark hollow beam of nanometer level,” Acta Physica Sinica 56, 160–164 (2007).

2006 (2)

2005 (2)

Y. Xia and J. P. Yin, “Generation of a focused hollow beam by an 2 pi-phase plate and its application in atom or molecule optics,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22(3), 529–536 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Z. Y. Wang, Y. M. Dong, and Q. Lin, “Atomic trapping and guiding by quasi-dark hollow beams,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 7(3), 147–153 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

C. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, C. de Lisio, M. Nisoli, E. Priori, S. Stagira, M. Pascolini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, V. Tosa, and K. Midorikawa, “Phase-matching analysis of high-order harmonics generated by truncated Bessel beams in the sub-10-fs regime,” Phys. Rev. A. 68 (2003).

J. E. Curtis and D. G. Grier, “Modulated optical vortices,” Opt. Lett. 28(11), 872–874 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

H. R. Noh and W. Jhe, “Atom optics with hollow optical systems,” Physics Reports-Review Section of Physics Letters 372, 269–317 (2002).

2001 (2)

2000 (1)

J. Arlt and K. Dholakia, “Generation of high-order Bessel beams by use of an axicon,” Opt. Commun. 177(1-6), 297–301 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

1998 (8)

J. P. Yin, Y. F. Zhu, W. B. Wang, Y. Z. Wang, and W. Jhe, “Optical potential for atom guidance in a dark hollow laser beam,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15(1), 25–33 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. T. Gahagan and G. A. Swartzlander, “Trapping of low-index microparticles in an optical vortex,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15(2), 524–534 (1998).
[CrossRef]

I. Manek, Y. B. Ovchinnikov, and R. Grimm, “Generation of a hollow laser beam for atom trapping using an axicon,” Opt. Commun. 147(1-3), 67–70 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Y. B. Ovchinnikov, I. Manek, A. I. Sidorov, G. Wasik, and R. Grimm, “Gravito-optical atom trap based on a conical hollow beam,” Europhys. Lett. 43(5), 510–515 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Yin, Y. F. Zhu, W. Jhe, and Z. Z. Wang, “Atom guiding and cooling in a dark hollow laser beam,” Phys. Rev. A 58(1), 509–513 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Yin and Y. F. Zhu, “Dark-hollow-beam gravito-optical atom trap above an apex of a hollow optical fibre,” Opt. Commun. 152(4-6), 421–428 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Yin, Y. F. Zhu, and Y. Z. Wang, “Evanescent light-wave atomic funnel: A tandem hollow-fiber, hollow-beam approach,” Phys. Rev. A 57(3), 1957–1966 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Yin, K. Kim, W. Shim, Y. F. Zhu, and W. H. Jhe, “Observation and discrimination of the mode patterns in a micron-sized hollow optical fiber and its synthetic measurements: far-field microimaging technique,” Opt. Eng. 37(8), 2277–2283 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

J. P. Yin, H. R. Noh, K. I. Lee, K. H. Kim, Y. Z. Wang, and W. Jhe, “Generation of a dark hollow beam by a small hollow fiber,” Opt. Commun. 138(4-6), 287–292 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

1995 (1)

H. Ito, K. Sakaki, T. Nakata, W. Jhe, and M. Ohtsu, “OPTICAL-POTENTIAL FOR ATOM GUIDANCE IN A CYLINDRICAL-CORE HOLLOW-FIBER,” Opt. Commun. 115(1-2), 57–64 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (3)

S. Marksteiner, C. M. Savage, P. Zoller, and S. L. Rolston, “COHERENT ATOMIC WAVEGUIDES FROM HOLLOW OPTICAL FIBERS: QUANTIZED ATOMIC MOTION,” Phys. Rev. A 50(3), 2680–2690 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. S. Lee, B. W. Stewart, K. Choi, and H. Fenichel, “HOLOGRAPHIC NONDIVERGING HOLLOW BEAM,” Phys. Rev. A 49(6), 4922–4927 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. W. Beijersbergen, R. P. C. Coerwinkel, M. Kristensen, and J. P. Woerdman, “HELICAL-WAVE-FRONT LASER-BEAMS PRODUCED WITH A SPIRAL PHASEPLATE,” Opt. Commun. 112(5-6), 321–327 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

Ait-Ameur, K.

R. De Saint-Denis, E. Cagniot, P. Leprince, M. Fromager, and K. Ait-Ameur, “Low cost adjustable axicon,” Optoelectronics and Advanced Materials-Rapid Communications 2, 693–696 (2008).

Altucci, C.

C. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, C. de Lisio, M. Nisoli, E. Priori, S. Stagira, M. Pascolini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, V. Tosa, and K. Midorikawa, “Phase-matching analysis of high-order harmonics generated by truncated Bessel beams in the sub-10-fs regime,” Phys. Rev. A. 68 (2003).

Arlt, J.

J. Arlt and K. Dholakia, “Generation of high-order Bessel beams by use of an axicon,” Opt. Commun. 177(1-6), 297–301 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bashkansky, M.

Beijersbergen, M. W.

M. W. Beijersbergen, R. P. C. Coerwinkel, M. Kristensen, and J. P. Woerdman, “HELICAL-WAVE-FRONT LASER-BEAMS PRODUCED WITH A SPIRAL PHASEPLATE,” Opt. Commun. 112(5-6), 321–327 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Bruzzese, R.

C. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, C. de Lisio, M. Nisoli, E. Priori, S. Stagira, M. Pascolini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, V. Tosa, and K. Midorikawa, “Phase-matching analysis of high-order harmonics generated by truncated Bessel beams in the sub-10-fs regime,” Phys. Rev. A. 68 (2003).

Cagniot, E.

R. De Saint-Denis, E. Cagniot, P. Leprince, M. Fromager, and K. Ait-Ameur, “Low cost adjustable axicon,” Optoelectronics and Advanced Materials-Rapid Communications 2, 693–696 (2008).

Cai, Y. J.

Chakraborty, R.

Chen, H.

C. L. Zhao, X. H. Lu, and H. Chen, “Study of dark-hollow beams generated with different multimode fibres,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 25(5), 1676–1679 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. C. Yan, G. G. Xue, C. Liu, H. Chen, and Y. P. Cui, “A method of acquiring a dark hollow beam of nanometer level,” Acta Physica Sinica 56, 160–164 (2007).

Choi, K.

H. S. Lee, B. W. Stewart, K. Choi, and H. Fenichel, “HOLOGRAPHIC NONDIVERGING HOLLOW BEAM,” Phys. Rev. A 49(6), 4922–4927 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Coerwinkel, R. P. C.

M. W. Beijersbergen, R. P. C. Coerwinkel, M. Kristensen, and J. P. Woerdman, “HELICAL-WAVE-FRONT LASER-BEAMS PRODUCED WITH A SPIRAL PHASEPLATE,” Opt. Commun. 112(5-6), 321–327 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Cui, Y. P.

C. C. Yan, G. G. Xue, C. Liu, H. Chen, and Y. P. Cui, “A method of acquiring a dark hollow beam of nanometer level,” Acta Physica Sinica 56, 160–164 (2007).

Curtis, J. E.

de Lisio, C.

C. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, C. de Lisio, M. Nisoli, E. Priori, S. Stagira, M. Pascolini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, V. Tosa, and K. Midorikawa, “Phase-matching analysis of high-order harmonics generated by truncated Bessel beams in the sub-10-fs regime,” Phys. Rev. A. 68 (2003).

De Saint-Denis, R.

R. De Saint-Denis, E. Cagniot, P. Leprince, M. Fromager, and K. Ait-Ameur, “Low cost adjustable axicon,” Optoelectronics and Advanced Materials-Rapid Communications 2, 693–696 (2008).

Dholakia, K.

J. Arlt and K. Dholakia, “Generation of high-order Bessel beams by use of an axicon,” Opt. Commun. 177(1-6), 297–301 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Dong, Y. M.

Z. Y. Wang, Y. M. Dong, and Q. Lin, “Atomic trapping and guiding by quasi-dark hollow beams,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 7(3), 147–153 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fatemi, F. K.

Fenichel, H.

H. S. Lee, B. W. Stewart, K. Choi, and H. Fenichel, “HOLOGRAPHIC NONDIVERGING HOLLOW BEAM,” Phys. Rev. A 49(6), 4922–4927 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fromager, M.

R. De Saint-Denis, E. Cagniot, P. Leprince, M. Fromager, and K. Ait-Ameur, “Low cost adjustable axicon,” Optoelectronics and Advanced Materials-Rapid Communications 2, 693–696 (2008).

Gahagan, K. T.

Ghosh, A.

Grier, D. G.

Grimm, R.

Y. B. Ovchinnikov, I. Manek, A. I. Sidorov, G. Wasik, and R. Grimm, “Gravito-optical atom trap based on a conical hollow beam,” Europhys. Lett. 43(5), 510–515 (1998).
[CrossRef]

I. Manek, Y. B. Ovchinnikov, and R. Grimm, “Generation of a hollow laser beam for atom trapping using an axicon,” Opt. Commun. 147(1-3), 67–70 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hayasaki, Y.

Heckenberg, N. R.

Hill III, W. T.

Ito, H.

H. Ito, K. Sakaki, T. Nakata, W. Jhe, and M. Ohtsu, “OPTICAL-POTENTIAL FOR ATOM GUIDANCE IN A CYLINDRICAL-CORE HOLLOW-FIBER,” Opt. Commun. 115(1-2), 57–64 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Jhe, W.

H. R. Noh and W. Jhe, “Atom optics with hollow optical systems,” Physics Reports-Review Section of Physics Letters 372, 269–317 (2002).

Y. I. Shin, K. Kim, J. A. Kim, H. R. Noh, W. Jhe, K. Oh, and U. C. Paek, “Diffraction-limited dark laser spot produced by a hollow optical fiber,” Opt. Lett. 26(3), 119–121 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Yin, Y. F. Zhu, W. B. Wang, Y. Z. Wang, and W. Jhe, “Optical potential for atom guidance in a dark hollow laser beam,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15(1), 25–33 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Yin, Y. F. Zhu, W. Jhe, and Z. Z. Wang, “Atom guiding and cooling in a dark hollow laser beam,” Phys. Rev. A 58(1), 509–513 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Yin, H. R. Noh, K. I. Lee, K. H. Kim, Y. Z. Wang, and W. Jhe, “Generation of a dark hollow beam by a small hollow fiber,” Opt. Commun. 138(4-6), 287–292 (1997).
[CrossRef]

H. Ito, K. Sakaki, T. Nakata, W. Jhe, and M. Ohtsu, “OPTICAL-POTENTIAL FOR ATOM GUIDANCE IN A CYLINDRICAL-CORE HOLLOW-FIBER,” Opt. Commun. 115(1-2), 57–64 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Jhe, W. H.

J. P. Yin, K. Kim, W. Shim, Y. F. Zhu, and W. H. Jhe, “Observation and discrimination of the mode patterns in a micron-sized hollow optical fiber and its synthetic measurements: far-field microimaging technique,” Opt. Eng. 37(8), 2277–2283 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J. A.

Kim, K.

Y. I. Shin, K. Kim, J. A. Kim, H. R. Noh, W. Jhe, K. Oh, and U. C. Paek, “Diffraction-limited dark laser spot produced by a hollow optical fiber,” Opt. Lett. 26(3), 119–121 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Yin, K. Kim, W. Shim, Y. F. Zhu, and W. H. Jhe, “Observation and discrimination of the mode patterns in a micron-sized hollow optical fiber and its synthetic measurements: far-field microimaging technique,” Opt. Eng. 37(8), 2277–2283 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kim, K. H.

J. P. Yin, H. R. Noh, K. I. Lee, K. H. Kim, Y. Z. Wang, and W. Jhe, “Generation of a dark hollow beam by a small hollow fiber,” Opt. Commun. 138(4-6), 287–292 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kristensen, M.

M. W. Beijersbergen, R. P. C. Coerwinkel, M. Kristensen, and J. P. Woerdman, “HELICAL-WAVE-FRONT LASER-BEAMS PRODUCED WITH A SPIRAL PHASEPLATE,” Opt. Commun. 112(5-6), 321–327 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Lee, H. S.

H. S. Lee, B. W. Stewart, K. Choi, and H. Fenichel, “HOLOGRAPHIC NONDIVERGING HOLLOW BEAM,” Phys. Rev. A 49(6), 4922–4927 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, K. I.

J. P. Yin, H. R. Noh, K. I. Lee, K. H. Kim, Y. Z. Wang, and W. Jhe, “Generation of a dark hollow beam by a small hollow fiber,” Opt. Commun. 138(4-6), 287–292 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Leprince, P.

R. De Saint-Denis, E. Cagniot, P. Leprince, M. Fromager, and K. Ait-Ameur, “Low cost adjustable axicon,” Optoelectronics and Advanced Materials-Rapid Communications 2, 693–696 (2008).

Lin, Q.

Z. Y. Wang, Y. M. Dong, and Q. Lin, “Atomic trapping and guiding by quasi-dark hollow beams,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 7(3), 147–153 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Liu, C.

C. C. Yan, G. G. Xue, C. Liu, H. Chen, and Y. P. Cui, “A method of acquiring a dark hollow beam of nanometer level,” Acta Physica Sinica 56, 160–164 (2007).

Lu, X. H.

C. L. Zhao, X. H. Lu, and H. Chen, “Study of dark-hollow beams generated with different multimode fibres,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 25(5), 1676–1679 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. L. Zhao, Y. J. Cai, F. Wang, X. H. Lu, and Y. Z. Wang, “Generation of a high-quality partially coherent dark hollow beam with a multimode fiber,” Opt. Lett. 33(12), 1389–1391 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Manek, I.

Y. B. Ovchinnikov, I. Manek, A. I. Sidorov, G. Wasik, and R. Grimm, “Gravito-optical atom trap based on a conical hollow beam,” Europhys. Lett. 43(5), 510–515 (1998).
[CrossRef]

I. Manek, Y. B. Ovchinnikov, and R. Grimm, “Generation of a hollow laser beam for atom trapping using an axicon,” Opt. Commun. 147(1-3), 67–70 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Marksteiner, S.

S. Marksteiner, C. M. Savage, P. Zoller, and S. L. Rolston, “COHERENT ATOMIC WAVEGUIDES FROM HOLLOW OPTICAL FIBERS: QUANTIZED ATOMIC MOTION,” Phys. Rev. A 50(3), 2680–2690 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

McDuff, R.

Mehendale, S. C.

S. R. Mishra, S. K. Tiwari, S. P. Ram, and S. C. Mehendale, “Generation of hollow conic beams using a metal axicon mirror,” Opt. Eng. 46 (2007).

Midorikawa, K.

C. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, C. de Lisio, M. Nisoli, E. Priori, S. Stagira, M. Pascolini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, V. Tosa, and K. Midorikawa, “Phase-matching analysis of high-order harmonics generated by truncated Bessel beams in the sub-10-fs regime,” Phys. Rev. A. 68 (2003).

Milam, D.

Mishra, S. R.

S. R. Mishra, S. K. Tiwari, S. P. Ram, and S. C. Mehendale, “Generation of hollow conic beams using a metal axicon mirror,” Opt. Eng. 46 (2007).

Miyazaki, M.

Nakata, T.

H. Ito, K. Sakaki, T. Nakata, W. Jhe, and M. Ohtsu, “OPTICAL-POTENTIAL FOR ATOM GUIDANCE IN A CYLINDRICAL-CORE HOLLOW-FIBER,” Opt. Commun. 115(1-2), 57–64 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Nisoli, M.

C. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, C. de Lisio, M. Nisoli, E. Priori, S. Stagira, M. Pascolini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, V. Tosa, and K. Midorikawa, “Phase-matching analysis of high-order harmonics generated by truncated Bessel beams in the sub-10-fs regime,” Phys. Rev. A. 68 (2003).

Noh, H. R.

H. R. Noh and W. Jhe, “Atom optics with hollow optical systems,” Physics Reports-Review Section of Physics Letters 372, 269–317 (2002).

Y. I. Shin, K. Kim, J. A. Kim, H. R. Noh, W. Jhe, K. Oh, and U. C. Paek, “Diffraction-limited dark laser spot produced by a hollow optical fiber,” Opt. Lett. 26(3), 119–121 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Yin, H. R. Noh, K. I. Lee, K. H. Kim, Y. Z. Wang, and W. Jhe, “Generation of a dark hollow beam by a small hollow fiber,” Opt. Commun. 138(4-6), 287–292 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Oh, K.

Ohtsu, M.

H. Ito, K. Sakaki, T. Nakata, W. Jhe, and M. Ohtsu, “OPTICAL-POTENTIAL FOR ATOM GUIDANCE IN A CYLINDRICAL-CORE HOLLOW-FIBER,” Opt. Commun. 115(1-2), 57–64 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Ovchinnikov, Y. B.

I. Manek, Y. B. Ovchinnikov, and R. Grimm, “Generation of a hollow laser beam for atom trapping using an axicon,” Opt. Commun. 147(1-3), 67–70 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Y. B. Ovchinnikov, I. Manek, A. I. Sidorov, G. Wasik, and R. Grimm, “Gravito-optical atom trap based on a conical hollow beam,” Europhys. Lett. 43(5), 510–515 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Paek, U. C.

Pascolini, M.

C. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, C. de Lisio, M. Nisoli, E. Priori, S. Stagira, M. Pascolini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, V. Tosa, and K. Midorikawa, “Phase-matching analysis of high-order harmonics generated by truncated Bessel beams in the sub-10-fs regime,” Phys. Rev. A. 68 (2003).

Poletto, L.

C. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, C. de Lisio, M. Nisoli, E. Priori, S. Stagira, M. Pascolini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, V. Tosa, and K. Midorikawa, “Phase-matching analysis of high-order harmonics generated by truncated Bessel beams in the sub-10-fs regime,” Phys. Rev. A. 68 (2003).

Powell, P. N.

P. N. Powell, “Blue-detuned dark-hollow laser guides atomic beam,” Laser Focus World 37, 58 (2001).

Priori, E.

C. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, C. de Lisio, M. Nisoli, E. Priori, S. Stagira, M. Pascolini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, V. Tosa, and K. Midorikawa, “Phase-matching analysis of high-order harmonics generated by truncated Bessel beams in the sub-10-fs regime,” Phys. Rev. A. 68 (2003).

Ram, S. P.

S. R. Mishra, S. K. Tiwari, S. P. Ram, and S. C. Mehendale, “Generation of hollow conic beams using a metal axicon mirror,” Opt. Eng. 46 (2007).

Rolston, S. L.

S. Marksteiner, C. M. Savage, P. Zoller, and S. L. Rolston, “COHERENT ATOMIC WAVEGUIDES FROM HOLLOW OPTICAL FIBERS: QUANTIZED ATOMIC MOTION,” Phys. Rev. A 50(3), 2680–2690 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sakaki, K.

H. Ito, K. Sakaki, T. Nakata, W. Jhe, and M. Ohtsu, “OPTICAL-POTENTIAL FOR ATOM GUIDANCE IN A CYLINDRICAL-CORE HOLLOW-FIBER,” Opt. Commun. 115(1-2), 57–64 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Savage, C. M.

S. Marksteiner, C. M. Savage, P. Zoller, and S. L. Rolston, “COHERENT ATOMIC WAVEGUIDES FROM HOLLOW OPTICAL FIBERS: QUANTIZED ATOMIC MOTION,” Phys. Rev. A 50(3), 2680–2690 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shim, W.

J. P. Yin, K. Kim, W. Shim, Y. F. Zhu, and W. H. Jhe, “Observation and discrimination of the mode patterns in a micron-sized hollow optical fiber and its synthetic measurements: far-field microimaging technique,” Opt. Eng. 37(8), 2277–2283 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Shin, Y. I.

Sidorov, A. I.

Y. B. Ovchinnikov, I. Manek, A. I. Sidorov, G. Wasik, and R. Grimm, “Gravito-optical atom trap based on a conical hollow beam,” Europhys. Lett. 43(5), 510–515 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Smith, C. P.

Song, Y.

Stagira, S.

C. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, C. de Lisio, M. Nisoli, E. Priori, S. Stagira, M. Pascolini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, V. Tosa, and K. Midorikawa, “Phase-matching analysis of high-order harmonics generated by truncated Bessel beams in the sub-10-fs regime,” Phys. Rev. A. 68 (2003).

Stewart, B. W.

H. S. Lee, B. W. Stewart, K. Choi, and H. Fenichel, “HOLOGRAPHIC NONDIVERGING HOLLOW BEAM,” Phys. Rev. A 49(6), 4922–4927 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Swartzlander, G. A.

Tiwari, S. K.

S. R. Mishra, S. K. Tiwari, S. P. Ram, and S. C. Mehendale, “Generation of hollow conic beams using a metal axicon mirror,” Opt. Eng. 46 (2007).

Tosa, V.

C. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, C. de Lisio, M. Nisoli, E. Priori, S. Stagira, M. Pascolini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, V. Tosa, and K. Midorikawa, “Phase-matching analysis of high-order harmonics generated by truncated Bessel beams in the sub-10-fs regime,” Phys. Rev. A. 68 (2003).

Villoresi, P.

C. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, C. de Lisio, M. Nisoli, E. Priori, S. Stagira, M. Pascolini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, V. Tosa, and K. Midorikawa, “Phase-matching analysis of high-order harmonics generated by truncated Bessel beams in the sub-10-fs regime,” Phys. Rev. A. 68 (2003).

Wang, F.

Wang, W. B.

Wang, Y. Z.

C. L. Zhao, Y. J. Cai, F. Wang, X. H. Lu, and Y. Z. Wang, “Generation of a high-quality partially coherent dark hollow beam with a multimode fiber,” Opt. Lett. 33(12), 1389–1391 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. P. Yin, Y. F. Zhu, W. B. Wang, Y. Z. Wang, and W. Jhe, “Optical potential for atom guidance in a dark hollow laser beam,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15(1), 25–33 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Yin, Y. F. Zhu, and Y. Z. Wang, “Evanescent light-wave atomic funnel: A tandem hollow-fiber, hollow-beam approach,” Phys. Rev. A 57(3), 1957–1966 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Yin, H. R. Noh, K. I. Lee, K. H. Kim, Y. Z. Wang, and W. Jhe, “Generation of a dark hollow beam by a small hollow fiber,” Opt. Commun. 138(4-6), 287–292 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Z. Y.

Z. Y. Wang, Y. M. Dong, and Q. Lin, “Atomic trapping and guiding by quasi-dark hollow beams,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 7(3), 147–153 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Z. Z.

J. P. Yin, Y. F. Zhu, W. Jhe, and Z. Z. Wang, “Atom guiding and cooling in a dark hollow laser beam,” Phys. Rev. A 58(1), 509–513 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Wasik, G.

Y. B. Ovchinnikov, I. Manek, A. I. Sidorov, G. Wasik, and R. Grimm, “Gravito-optical atom trap based on a conical hollow beam,” Europhys. Lett. 43(5), 510–515 (1998).
[CrossRef]

White, A. G.

Woerdman, J. P.

M. W. Beijersbergen, R. P. C. Coerwinkel, M. Kristensen, and J. P. Woerdman, “HELICAL-WAVE-FRONT LASER-BEAMS PRODUCED WITH A SPIRAL PHASEPLATE,” Opt. Commun. 112(5-6), 321–327 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Xia, Y.

Xue, G. G.

C. C. Yan, G. G. Xue, C. Liu, H. Chen, and Y. P. Cui, “A method of acquiring a dark hollow beam of nanometer level,” Acta Physica Sinica 56, 160–164 (2007).

Yan, C. C.

C. C. Yan, G. G. Xue, C. Liu, H. Chen, and Y. P. Cui, “A method of acquiring a dark hollow beam of nanometer level,” Acta Physica Sinica 56, 160–164 (2007).

Yin, J. P.

Y. Xia and J. P. Yin, “Generation of a focused hollow beam by an 2 pi-phase plate and its application in atom or molecule optics,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22(3), 529–536 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Yin, Y. F. Zhu, and Y. Z. Wang, “Evanescent light-wave atomic funnel: A tandem hollow-fiber, hollow-beam approach,” Phys. Rev. A 57(3), 1957–1966 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Yin, Y. F. Zhu, W. Jhe, and Z. Z. Wang, “Atom guiding and cooling in a dark hollow laser beam,” Phys. Rev. A 58(1), 509–513 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Yin, K. Kim, W. Shim, Y. F. Zhu, and W. H. Jhe, “Observation and discrimination of the mode patterns in a micron-sized hollow optical fiber and its synthetic measurements: far-field microimaging technique,” Opt. Eng. 37(8), 2277–2283 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Yin, Y. F. Zhu, W. B. Wang, Y. Z. Wang, and W. Jhe, “Optical potential for atom guidance in a dark hollow laser beam,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15(1), 25–33 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Yin and Y. F. Zhu, “Dark-hollow-beam gravito-optical atom trap above an apex of a hollow optical fibre,” Opt. Commun. 152(4-6), 421–428 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Yin, H. R. Noh, K. I. Lee, K. H. Kim, Y. Z. Wang, and W. Jhe, “Generation of a dark hollow beam by a small hollow fiber,” Opt. Commun. 138(4-6), 287–292 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, C. L.

C. L. Zhao, X. H. Lu, and H. Chen, “Study of dark-hollow beams generated with different multimode fibres,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 25(5), 1676–1679 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. L. Zhao, Y. J. Cai, F. Wang, X. H. Lu, and Y. Z. Wang, “Generation of a high-quality partially coherent dark hollow beam with a multimode fiber,” Opt. Lett. 33(12), 1389–1391 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhu, Y. F.

J. P. Yin, K. Kim, W. Shim, Y. F. Zhu, and W. H. Jhe, “Observation and discrimination of the mode patterns in a micron-sized hollow optical fiber and its synthetic measurements: far-field microimaging technique,” Opt. Eng. 37(8), 2277–2283 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Yin, Y. F. Zhu, W. B. Wang, Y. Z. Wang, and W. Jhe, “Optical potential for atom guidance in a dark hollow laser beam,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15(1), 25–33 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Yin and Y. F. Zhu, “Dark-hollow-beam gravito-optical atom trap above an apex of a hollow optical fibre,” Opt. Commun. 152(4-6), 421–428 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Yin, Y. F. Zhu, W. Jhe, and Z. Z. Wang, “Atom guiding and cooling in a dark hollow laser beam,” Phys. Rev. A 58(1), 509–513 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Yin, Y. F. Zhu, and Y. Z. Wang, “Evanescent light-wave atomic funnel: A tandem hollow-fiber, hollow-beam approach,” Phys. Rev. A 57(3), 1957–1966 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Zoller, P.

S. Marksteiner, C. M. Savage, P. Zoller, and S. L. Rolston, “COHERENT ATOMIC WAVEGUIDES FROM HOLLOW OPTICAL FIBERS: QUANTIZED ATOMIC MOTION,” Phys. Rev. A 50(3), 2680–2690 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Acta Physica Sinica (1)

C. C. Yan, G. G. Xue, C. Liu, H. Chen, and Y. P. Cui, “A method of acquiring a dark hollow beam of nanometer level,” Acta Physica Sinica 56, 160–164 (2007).

Chin. Phys. Lett. (1)

C. L. Zhao, X. H. Lu, and H. Chen, “Study of dark-hollow beams generated with different multimode fibres,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 25(5), 1676–1679 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Europhys. Lett. (1)

Y. B. Ovchinnikov, I. Manek, A. I. Sidorov, G. Wasik, and R. Grimm, “Gravito-optical atom trap based on a conical hollow beam,” Europhys. Lett. 43(5), 510–515 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. (1)

Z. Y. Wang, Y. M. Dong, and Q. Lin, “Atomic trapping and guiding by quasi-dark hollow beams,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 7(3), 147–153 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (3)

Laser Focus World (1)

P. N. Powell, “Blue-detuned dark-hollow laser guides atomic beam,” Laser Focus World 37, 58 (2001).

Opt. Commun. (6)

I. Manek, Y. B. Ovchinnikov, and R. Grimm, “Generation of a hollow laser beam for atom trapping using an axicon,” Opt. Commun. 147(1-3), 67–70 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Yin and Y. F. Zhu, “Dark-hollow-beam gravito-optical atom trap above an apex of a hollow optical fibre,” Opt. Commun. 152(4-6), 421–428 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Yin, H. R. Noh, K. I. Lee, K. H. Kim, Y. Z. Wang, and W. Jhe, “Generation of a dark hollow beam by a small hollow fiber,” Opt. Commun. 138(4-6), 287–292 (1997).
[CrossRef]

H. Ito, K. Sakaki, T. Nakata, W. Jhe, and M. Ohtsu, “OPTICAL-POTENTIAL FOR ATOM GUIDANCE IN A CYLINDRICAL-CORE HOLLOW-FIBER,” Opt. Commun. 115(1-2), 57–64 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. W. Beijersbergen, R. P. C. Coerwinkel, M. Kristensen, and J. P. Woerdman, “HELICAL-WAVE-FRONT LASER-BEAMS PRODUCED WITH A SPIRAL PHASEPLATE,” Opt. Commun. 112(5-6), 321–327 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Arlt and K. Dholakia, “Generation of high-order Bessel beams by use of an axicon,” Opt. Commun. 177(1-6), 297–301 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (2)

S. R. Mishra, S. K. Tiwari, S. P. Ram, and S. C. Mehendale, “Generation of hollow conic beams using a metal axicon mirror,” Opt. Eng. 46 (2007).

J. P. Yin, K. Kim, W. Shim, Y. F. Zhu, and W. H. Jhe, “Observation and discrimination of the mode patterns in a micron-sized hollow optical fiber and its synthetic measurements: far-field microimaging technique,” Opt. Eng. 37(8), 2277–2283 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (8)

Optoelectronics and Advanced Materials-Rapid Communications (1)

R. De Saint-Denis, E. Cagniot, P. Leprince, M. Fromager, and K. Ait-Ameur, “Low cost adjustable axicon,” Optoelectronics and Advanced Materials-Rapid Communications 2, 693–696 (2008).

Phys. Rev. A (4)

H. S. Lee, B. W. Stewart, K. Choi, and H. Fenichel, “HOLOGRAPHIC NONDIVERGING HOLLOW BEAM,” Phys. Rev. A 49(6), 4922–4927 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Marksteiner, C. M. Savage, P. Zoller, and S. L. Rolston, “COHERENT ATOMIC WAVEGUIDES FROM HOLLOW OPTICAL FIBERS: QUANTIZED ATOMIC MOTION,” Phys. Rev. A 50(3), 2680–2690 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. P. Yin, Y. F. Zhu, and Y. Z. Wang, “Evanescent light-wave atomic funnel: A tandem hollow-fiber, hollow-beam approach,” Phys. Rev. A 57(3), 1957–1966 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Yin, Y. F. Zhu, W. Jhe, and Z. Z. Wang, “Atom guiding and cooling in a dark hollow laser beam,” Phys. Rev. A 58(1), 509–513 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A. (1)

C. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, C. de Lisio, M. Nisoli, E. Priori, S. Stagira, M. Pascolini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, V. Tosa, and K. Midorikawa, “Phase-matching analysis of high-order harmonics generated by truncated Bessel beams in the sub-10-fs regime,” Phys. Rev. A. 68 (2003).

Physics Reports-Review Section of Physics Letters (1)

H. R. Noh and W. Jhe, “Atom optics with hollow optical systems,” Physics Reports-Review Section of Physics Letters 372, 269–317 (2002).

Other (1)

J. P. Yin, Y. M. Lin, K. I. Lee, H. Nha, H. R. Noh, Y. Z. Wang, K. H. Oh, U. C. Paek, and W. H. Jhe, “Guiding of atoms in a dark-hollow laser beam,” (1998), pp. 362–364.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Light path of a single ray (left) within a cylindrical light guide for an off-axis obliquely incident ray and beam broadening by multiple reflections on the side wall (right)

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

a) Rotational hyperboloid formed by rays leaving the end face of the light guide having the same caustic, b) construction of the beam boundaries, c) beam profile for ϑ = 10°, rc = 0, d) beam profile for ϑ = 20°, rc/D = 0.2.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Experimental set-up.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Screen shots of the spots generated by the output beam at different downstream distances. The position and direction of the input beam is indicated on the bottom. The angle of incidence for the left two column is ϑ = 10°, for the right two column ϑ = 15°.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Pictures of the hollow beam 150 mm downstream from the end of the wave guide at various tilt angles ϑ = 14°,ϑ = 12°,ϑ = 10° (from left to right) of the incident beam.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Colour coded light field emerging from a cylindrical wave guiding rod, left figure the input beam is coupled on axis to the rod, right picture the input beam is shifted in the input direct from the axis. Angle of incidence ϑ = 10°.

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

x 2 + y 2 r c 2 ( z z e ) 2 r c 2 / tg 2 ϑ = 1 ,
z c max ( r c ) = ± D / 2 t g ϑ 1 ( r c D / 2 ) 2 .

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