Abstract

We demonstrate how tuneable Distributed Bragg Reflectors (DBRs) and resonant micro-cavities can be built by a scalable layer assembly of the transparent utility rubbers polydimethylsiloxane and polystyrene-polyisoprene. Stretching the devices by more than 60% leads to an affine contraction of the layer thicknesses thereby tuning both DBR and cavity modes across the entire visible spectrum. Such rapidly- and reversibly- stretch-tuneable cavities can be used in tuneable micro-lasers and for quantitative optical strain sensing applications.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, (Cambridge University Press, 2005).
  2. F. Abeles, "Recherches sur la propagation des ondes électromagnétiques sinusoïdales dans les milieux stratifiés. Application aux couches minces," Ann. Phys. 5, 596-640 (part I), 706-784 (part II) (1950).
  3. O.S. Heavens, Optical properties of thin solid films, (Dover Publications, 1965).
  4. Y. Fink, J. N. Winn, S. Fan, C. Chen, J. Michel, J. D. Joannopoulos, and E. L. Thomas, "A Dielectric Omnidirectional Reflector," Science 282, 1679-1682 (1998).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. D. L. Huffaker and D. G. Deppe, "Low threshold vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers based on high contrast distributed Bragg reflectors," Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 1781-1783 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  6. E. F. Schubert, Y. H. Wang, A. Y. Cho, L. W. Tu, and G. J. Zydzik, "Resonant cavity light emitting diode," Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 921-923 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  7. H. Jiang, E. Johnson, K. Eyink, J. Grant, D. Tomlin, and T. Bunning, "Plasma Polymerized Multi-Layered Photonic Films," Chem. Mater. 15, 340-347 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  8. M. F. Weber, C. A. Stover, L. R. Gilbert, T. J. Nevitt, and A. J. Ouderkirk, "Giant Birefringent Optics in Multilayer Polymer Mirrors," Science 287, 2451-2456 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. T. Komikado, A. Inoue, K. Masuda, T. Ando, and S. Umegaki, "Multi-layered mirrors fabricated by spin-coating organic polymers," Thin Solid Films 515, 3887-3892 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  10. A. C. Edrington, A. M. Urbas, P. DeRege, C. X. Chen, T. M. Swager, N. Hadjichristidis, M. Xenidou, L. J. Fetters, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, "Polymer-based photonic crystals," Adv. Mater. 13(6), 421-425 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  11. S. Setzu, P. Ferrand, and R. Romestain, "Optical properties of multilayered porous silicon," Mater. Sci. Eng. B 69, 34-42 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  12. W. Gellermann, M. Kohmoto, Sutherland, and P. C. Taylor, "Localization of light wave in Fibonacci dielectric multilayers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 72(5), 633-636 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. R. P. Stanley, R. Houdre, U. Oesterle, M. Gailhanou, and M. Ilegems, "Ultrahigh finesse microcavity with distributed Bragg reflectors," Appl. Phys. Lett. 65(15), 1883-1885 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  14. R. Langer, A. Barski, J. Simon, N. T. Pelekanos, O. Konovalov, and R. Andre, "High-reflectivity GaN/GaAlN Bragg mirrors at blue/green wavelengths grown by molecular beam epitaxy," Appl. Phys. Lett. 743610-3612 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  15. L. Martinu and D. Poitras, "Plasma deposition of optical films and coatings: A review," J. Vac. Sci. Tech. A 18, 2619-2645 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  16. F. Serra, M. A. Matranga, Y. Ji, and E. M. Terentjev, "Single-mode laser tuning from cholesteric elastomers using a notch band-gap configuration," Opt. Express 18, 575-581 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. Y. Hirota, Y. Ji, F. Serra, A. R. Tajbakhsh, and E. M. Terentjev, "Effect of cross linking on the photonic bandgap in deformable cholesteric elastomers," Opt. Express 16, 5320-5331 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. P. Cicuta, A. R. Tajbakhsh, and E. M. Terentjev, "Photonic gaps in cholesteric elastomers under deformation," Phys. Rev. E 70, 011703 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  19. L. Domash, M. Wu, N. Nemchuk, and E. Ma, "Tunable and switchable multiple-cavity thin film filters," J. Lightwave Technol. 22(1), 126-135 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  20. W. Mönch, J. Dehnert, O. Prucker, J. Rühe, and H. Zappe, "Tunable Bragg filters based on polymer swelling," Appl. Opt. 45, 4284-4290 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. Y. Kang, J. J. Walish, T. Gorishnyy, and E. L. Thomas, "Broad-wavelength-range chemically tunable block copolymer photonic gels," Nat. Mater. 6, 957-960 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. M. Sandrock, M. Wiggins, J. S. Shirk, H. Tai, A. Ranade, E. Baer, and A. Hiltner, "A widely tunable refractive index in a nanolayered photonic material," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 18, 3621-3623 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  23. M. Kimura, K. Okahara, and T. Miyamoto, "Tunable multilayer-film distributed-Bragg-reflector filter," J. Appl. Phys. 50, 1222-1225 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  24. S. Shojaei-Zadeh, S. R. Swanson, and S. L. Anna, "Highly uniform micro-cavity arrays in flexible elastomer film," Soft Matter 5, 743-746 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  25. O. L. J. Pursiainen, J. J. Baumberg, H. Winkler, B. Viel, P. Spahn, and T. Ruhl, "Nanoparticle-tuned structural color from polymer opals," Opt. Express 15, 9553-9561 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. J. Li, Y. Wu, J. Fu, Y. Cong, J. Peng, and Y. Han, "Reversibly strain-tunable elastomeric photonic crystals," Chem. Phys. Lett. 390(1-3), 285-289 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  27. N. Gibbons, J.J. Baumberg, C.L. Bower, M. Kolle, and U. Steiner, "Scalable Cylindrical Metallo-dielectric Metamaterials," Adv. Mater. 21, 3933 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  28. A. V. Kavokin and J. J. Baumberg, ‘Microcavities, (Oxford University Press, 2007).
    [CrossRef]
  29. W. Caseri, "Nanocomposites of polymers and metals or semiconductors: Historical background and optical properties," Macromol. Rapid Commun. 21, 705-722 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  30. M. Rubinstein and R. H. Colby, Polymer Physics, (Oxford University Press, 2003).
  31. A. Hotta, S. M. Clarke and E. M. Terentjev, "Stress Relaxation in Transient Networks of Symmetric Triblock Styrene-Isoprene-Styrene Copolymer," Macromolecules 35, 271-277 (2000)
    [CrossRef]
  32. R. C. Pennington, G. D’Alessandro, J. J. Baumberg, and M. Kaczmarek, "Spectral properties and modes of surface microcavities," Phys. Rev. A 79, 043822 (2009).
    [CrossRef]

2010

2009

R. C. Pennington, G. D’Alessandro, J. J. Baumberg, and M. Kaczmarek, "Spectral properties and modes of surface microcavities," Phys. Rev. A 79, 043822 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Shojaei-Zadeh, S. R. Swanson, and S. L. Anna, "Highly uniform micro-cavity arrays in flexible elastomer film," Soft Matter 5, 743-746 (2009).
[CrossRef]

N. Gibbons, J.J. Baumberg, C.L. Bower, M. Kolle, and U. Steiner, "Scalable Cylindrical Metallo-dielectric Metamaterials," Adv. Mater. 21, 3933 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

2007

O. L. J. Pursiainen, J. J. Baumberg, H. Winkler, B. Viel, P. Spahn, and T. Ruhl, "Nanoparticle-tuned structural color from polymer opals," Opt. Express 15, 9553-9561 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Kang, J. J. Walish, T. Gorishnyy, and E. L. Thomas, "Broad-wavelength-range chemically tunable block copolymer photonic gels," Nat. Mater. 6, 957-960 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Komikado, A. Inoue, K. Masuda, T. Ando, and S. Umegaki, "Multi-layered mirrors fabricated by spin-coating organic polymers," Thin Solid Films 515, 3887-3892 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

2004

P. Cicuta, A. R. Tajbakhsh, and E. M. Terentjev, "Photonic gaps in cholesteric elastomers under deformation," Phys. Rev. E 70, 011703 (2004).
[CrossRef]

L. Domash, M. Wu, N. Nemchuk, and E. Ma, "Tunable and switchable multiple-cavity thin film filters," J. Lightwave Technol. 22(1), 126-135 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Sandrock, M. Wiggins, J. S. Shirk, H. Tai, A. Ranade, E. Baer, and A. Hiltner, "A widely tunable refractive index in a nanolayered photonic material," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 18, 3621-3623 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Li, Y. Wu, J. Fu, Y. Cong, J. Peng, and Y. Han, "Reversibly strain-tunable elastomeric photonic crystals," Chem. Phys. Lett. 390(1-3), 285-289 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

H. Jiang, E. Johnson, K. Eyink, J. Grant, D. Tomlin, and T. Bunning, "Plasma Polymerized Multi-Layered Photonic Films," Chem. Mater. 15, 340-347 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001

A. C. Edrington, A. M. Urbas, P. DeRege, C. X. Chen, T. M. Swager, N. Hadjichristidis, M. Xenidou, L. J. Fetters, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, "Polymer-based photonic crystals," Adv. Mater. 13(6), 421-425 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

S. Setzu, P. Ferrand, and R. Romestain, "Optical properties of multilayered porous silicon," Mater. Sci. Eng. B 69, 34-42 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. F. Weber, C. A. Stover, L. R. Gilbert, T. J. Nevitt, and A. J. Ouderkirk, "Giant Birefringent Optics in Multilayer Polymer Mirrors," Science 287, 2451-2456 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Caseri, "Nanocomposites of polymers and metals or semiconductors: Historical background and optical properties," Macromol. Rapid Commun. 21, 705-722 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Hotta, S. M. Clarke and E. M. Terentjev, "Stress Relaxation in Transient Networks of Symmetric Triblock Styrene-Isoprene-Styrene Copolymer," Macromolecules 35, 271-277 (2000)
[CrossRef]

L. Martinu and D. Poitras, "Plasma deposition of optical films and coatings: A review," J. Vac. Sci. Tech. A 18, 2619-2645 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

R. Langer, A. Barski, J. Simon, N. T. Pelekanos, O. Konovalov, and R. Andre, "High-reflectivity GaN/GaAlN Bragg mirrors at blue/green wavelengths grown by molecular beam epitaxy," Appl. Phys. Lett. 743610-3612 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

Y. Fink, J. N. Winn, S. Fan, C. Chen, J. Michel, J. D. Joannopoulos, and E. L. Thomas, "A Dielectric Omnidirectional Reflector," Science 282, 1679-1682 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1997

D. L. Huffaker and D. G. Deppe, "Low threshold vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers based on high contrast distributed Bragg reflectors," Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 1781-1783 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1994

W. Gellermann, M. Kohmoto, Sutherland, and P. C. Taylor, "Localization of light wave in Fibonacci dielectric multilayers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 72(5), 633-636 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. P. Stanley, R. Houdre, U. Oesterle, M. Gailhanou, and M. Ilegems, "Ultrahigh finesse microcavity with distributed Bragg reflectors," Appl. Phys. Lett. 65(15), 1883-1885 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1992

E. F. Schubert, Y. H. Wang, A. Y. Cho, L. W. Tu, and G. J. Zydzik, "Resonant cavity light emitting diode," Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 921-923 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1979

M. Kimura, K. Okahara, and T. Miyamoto, "Tunable multilayer-film distributed-Bragg-reflector filter," J. Appl. Phys. 50, 1222-1225 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1950

F. Abeles, "Recherches sur la propagation des ondes électromagnétiques sinusoïdales dans les milieux stratifiés. Application aux couches minces," Ann. Phys. 5, 596-640 (part I), 706-784 (part II) (1950).

Abeles, F.

F. Abeles, "Recherches sur la propagation des ondes électromagnétiques sinusoïdales dans les milieux stratifiés. Application aux couches minces," Ann. Phys. 5, 596-640 (part I), 706-784 (part II) (1950).

Ando, T.

T. Komikado, A. Inoue, K. Masuda, T. Ando, and S. Umegaki, "Multi-layered mirrors fabricated by spin-coating organic polymers," Thin Solid Films 515, 3887-3892 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Andre, R.

R. Langer, A. Barski, J. Simon, N. T. Pelekanos, O. Konovalov, and R. Andre, "High-reflectivity GaN/GaAlN Bragg mirrors at blue/green wavelengths grown by molecular beam epitaxy," Appl. Phys. Lett. 743610-3612 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Anna, S. L.

S. Shojaei-Zadeh, S. R. Swanson, and S. L. Anna, "Highly uniform micro-cavity arrays in flexible elastomer film," Soft Matter 5, 743-746 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Baer, E.

M. Sandrock, M. Wiggins, J. S. Shirk, H. Tai, A. Ranade, E. Baer, and A. Hiltner, "A widely tunable refractive index in a nanolayered photonic material," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 18, 3621-3623 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Barski, A.

R. Langer, A. Barski, J. Simon, N. T. Pelekanos, O. Konovalov, and R. Andre, "High-reflectivity GaN/GaAlN Bragg mirrors at blue/green wavelengths grown by molecular beam epitaxy," Appl. Phys. Lett. 743610-3612 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Baumberg, J. J.

R. C. Pennington, G. D’Alessandro, J. J. Baumberg, and M. Kaczmarek, "Spectral properties and modes of surface microcavities," Phys. Rev. A 79, 043822 (2009).
[CrossRef]

O. L. J. Pursiainen, J. J. Baumberg, H. Winkler, B. Viel, P. Spahn, and T. Ruhl, "Nanoparticle-tuned structural color from polymer opals," Opt. Express 15, 9553-9561 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baumberg, J.J.

N. Gibbons, J.J. Baumberg, C.L. Bower, M. Kolle, and U. Steiner, "Scalable Cylindrical Metallo-dielectric Metamaterials," Adv. Mater. 21, 3933 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bower, C.L.

N. Gibbons, J.J. Baumberg, C.L. Bower, M. Kolle, and U. Steiner, "Scalable Cylindrical Metallo-dielectric Metamaterials," Adv. Mater. 21, 3933 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bunning, T.

H. Jiang, E. Johnson, K. Eyink, J. Grant, D. Tomlin, and T. Bunning, "Plasma Polymerized Multi-Layered Photonic Films," Chem. Mater. 15, 340-347 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Caseri, W.

W. Caseri, "Nanocomposites of polymers and metals or semiconductors: Historical background and optical properties," Macromol. Rapid Commun. 21, 705-722 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Chen, C.

Y. Fink, J. N. Winn, S. Fan, C. Chen, J. Michel, J. D. Joannopoulos, and E. L. Thomas, "A Dielectric Omnidirectional Reflector," Science 282, 1679-1682 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, C. X.

A. C. Edrington, A. M. Urbas, P. DeRege, C. X. Chen, T. M. Swager, N. Hadjichristidis, M. Xenidou, L. J. Fetters, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, "Polymer-based photonic crystals," Adv. Mater. 13(6), 421-425 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Cho, A. Y.

E. F. Schubert, Y. H. Wang, A. Y. Cho, L. W. Tu, and G. J. Zydzik, "Resonant cavity light emitting diode," Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 921-923 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Cicuta, P.

P. Cicuta, A. R. Tajbakhsh, and E. M. Terentjev, "Photonic gaps in cholesteric elastomers under deformation," Phys. Rev. E 70, 011703 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Clarke, S. M.

A. Hotta, S. M. Clarke and E. M. Terentjev, "Stress Relaxation in Transient Networks of Symmetric Triblock Styrene-Isoprene-Styrene Copolymer," Macromolecules 35, 271-277 (2000)
[CrossRef]

Cong, Y.

J. Li, Y. Wu, J. Fu, Y. Cong, J. Peng, and Y. Han, "Reversibly strain-tunable elastomeric photonic crystals," Chem. Phys. Lett. 390(1-3), 285-289 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D’Alessandro, G.

R. C. Pennington, G. D’Alessandro, J. J. Baumberg, and M. Kaczmarek, "Spectral properties and modes of surface microcavities," Phys. Rev. A 79, 043822 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Dehnert, J.

Deppe, D. G.

D. L. Huffaker and D. G. Deppe, "Low threshold vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers based on high contrast distributed Bragg reflectors," Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 1781-1783 (1997).
[CrossRef]

DeRege, P.

A. C. Edrington, A. M. Urbas, P. DeRege, C. X. Chen, T. M. Swager, N. Hadjichristidis, M. Xenidou, L. J. Fetters, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, "Polymer-based photonic crystals," Adv. Mater. 13(6), 421-425 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Domash, L.

Edrington, A. C.

A. C. Edrington, A. M. Urbas, P. DeRege, C. X. Chen, T. M. Swager, N. Hadjichristidis, M. Xenidou, L. J. Fetters, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, "Polymer-based photonic crystals," Adv. Mater. 13(6), 421-425 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Eyink, K.

H. Jiang, E. Johnson, K. Eyink, J. Grant, D. Tomlin, and T. Bunning, "Plasma Polymerized Multi-Layered Photonic Films," Chem. Mater. 15, 340-347 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Fan, S.

Y. Fink, J. N. Winn, S. Fan, C. Chen, J. Michel, J. D. Joannopoulos, and E. L. Thomas, "A Dielectric Omnidirectional Reflector," Science 282, 1679-1682 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ferrand, P.

S. Setzu, P. Ferrand, and R. Romestain, "Optical properties of multilayered porous silicon," Mater. Sci. Eng. B 69, 34-42 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Fetters, L. J.

A. C. Edrington, A. M. Urbas, P. DeRege, C. X. Chen, T. M. Swager, N. Hadjichristidis, M. Xenidou, L. J. Fetters, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, "Polymer-based photonic crystals," Adv. Mater. 13(6), 421-425 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Fink, Y.

A. C. Edrington, A. M. Urbas, P. DeRege, C. X. Chen, T. M. Swager, N. Hadjichristidis, M. Xenidou, L. J. Fetters, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, "Polymer-based photonic crystals," Adv. Mater. 13(6), 421-425 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Y. Fink, J. N. Winn, S. Fan, C. Chen, J. Michel, J. D. Joannopoulos, and E. L. Thomas, "A Dielectric Omnidirectional Reflector," Science 282, 1679-1682 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fu, J.

J. Li, Y. Wu, J. Fu, Y. Cong, J. Peng, and Y. Han, "Reversibly strain-tunable elastomeric photonic crystals," Chem. Phys. Lett. 390(1-3), 285-289 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gailhanou, M.

R. P. Stanley, R. Houdre, U. Oesterle, M. Gailhanou, and M. Ilegems, "Ultrahigh finesse microcavity with distributed Bragg reflectors," Appl. Phys. Lett. 65(15), 1883-1885 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Gellermann, W.

W. Gellermann, M. Kohmoto, Sutherland, and P. C. Taylor, "Localization of light wave in Fibonacci dielectric multilayers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 72(5), 633-636 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gibbons, N.

N. Gibbons, J.J. Baumberg, C.L. Bower, M. Kolle, and U. Steiner, "Scalable Cylindrical Metallo-dielectric Metamaterials," Adv. Mater. 21, 3933 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gilbert, L. R.

M. F. Weber, C. A. Stover, L. R. Gilbert, T. J. Nevitt, and A. J. Ouderkirk, "Giant Birefringent Optics in Multilayer Polymer Mirrors," Science 287, 2451-2456 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gorishnyy, T.

Y. Kang, J. J. Walish, T. Gorishnyy, and E. L. Thomas, "Broad-wavelength-range chemically tunable block copolymer photonic gels," Nat. Mater. 6, 957-960 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Grant, J.

H. Jiang, E. Johnson, K. Eyink, J. Grant, D. Tomlin, and T. Bunning, "Plasma Polymerized Multi-Layered Photonic Films," Chem. Mater. 15, 340-347 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hadjichristidis, N.

A. C. Edrington, A. M. Urbas, P. DeRege, C. X. Chen, T. M. Swager, N. Hadjichristidis, M. Xenidou, L. J. Fetters, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, "Polymer-based photonic crystals," Adv. Mater. 13(6), 421-425 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Han, Y.

J. Li, Y. Wu, J. Fu, Y. Cong, J. Peng, and Y. Han, "Reversibly strain-tunable elastomeric photonic crystals," Chem. Phys. Lett. 390(1-3), 285-289 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hiltner, A.

M. Sandrock, M. Wiggins, J. S. Shirk, H. Tai, A. Ranade, E. Baer, and A. Hiltner, "A widely tunable refractive index in a nanolayered photonic material," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 18, 3621-3623 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hirota, Y.

Hotta, A.

A. Hotta, S. M. Clarke and E. M. Terentjev, "Stress Relaxation in Transient Networks of Symmetric Triblock Styrene-Isoprene-Styrene Copolymer," Macromolecules 35, 271-277 (2000)
[CrossRef]

Houdre, R.

R. P. Stanley, R. Houdre, U. Oesterle, M. Gailhanou, and M. Ilegems, "Ultrahigh finesse microcavity with distributed Bragg reflectors," Appl. Phys. Lett. 65(15), 1883-1885 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Huffaker, D. L.

D. L. Huffaker and D. G. Deppe, "Low threshold vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers based on high contrast distributed Bragg reflectors," Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 1781-1783 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ilegems, M.

R. P. Stanley, R. Houdre, U. Oesterle, M. Gailhanou, and M. Ilegems, "Ultrahigh finesse microcavity with distributed Bragg reflectors," Appl. Phys. Lett. 65(15), 1883-1885 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Inoue, A.

T. Komikado, A. Inoue, K. Masuda, T. Ando, and S. Umegaki, "Multi-layered mirrors fabricated by spin-coating organic polymers," Thin Solid Films 515, 3887-3892 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ji, Y.

Jiang, H.

H. Jiang, E. Johnson, K. Eyink, J. Grant, D. Tomlin, and T. Bunning, "Plasma Polymerized Multi-Layered Photonic Films," Chem. Mater. 15, 340-347 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Joannopoulos, J. D.

A. C. Edrington, A. M. Urbas, P. DeRege, C. X. Chen, T. M. Swager, N. Hadjichristidis, M. Xenidou, L. J. Fetters, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, "Polymer-based photonic crystals," Adv. Mater. 13(6), 421-425 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Y. Fink, J. N. Winn, S. Fan, C. Chen, J. Michel, J. D. Joannopoulos, and E. L. Thomas, "A Dielectric Omnidirectional Reflector," Science 282, 1679-1682 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Johnson, E.

H. Jiang, E. Johnson, K. Eyink, J. Grant, D. Tomlin, and T. Bunning, "Plasma Polymerized Multi-Layered Photonic Films," Chem. Mater. 15, 340-347 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kaczmarek, M.

R. C. Pennington, G. D’Alessandro, J. J. Baumberg, and M. Kaczmarek, "Spectral properties and modes of surface microcavities," Phys. Rev. A 79, 043822 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kang, Y.

Y. Kang, J. J. Walish, T. Gorishnyy, and E. L. Thomas, "Broad-wavelength-range chemically tunable block copolymer photonic gels," Nat. Mater. 6, 957-960 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kimura, M.

M. Kimura, K. Okahara, and T. Miyamoto, "Tunable multilayer-film distributed-Bragg-reflector filter," J. Appl. Phys. 50, 1222-1225 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Kohmoto, M.

W. Gellermann, M. Kohmoto, Sutherland, and P. C. Taylor, "Localization of light wave in Fibonacci dielectric multilayers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 72(5), 633-636 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kolle, M.

N. Gibbons, J.J. Baumberg, C.L. Bower, M. Kolle, and U. Steiner, "Scalable Cylindrical Metallo-dielectric Metamaterials," Adv. Mater. 21, 3933 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Komikado, T.

T. Komikado, A. Inoue, K. Masuda, T. Ando, and S. Umegaki, "Multi-layered mirrors fabricated by spin-coating organic polymers," Thin Solid Films 515, 3887-3892 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Konovalov, O.

R. Langer, A. Barski, J. Simon, N. T. Pelekanos, O. Konovalov, and R. Andre, "High-reflectivity GaN/GaAlN Bragg mirrors at blue/green wavelengths grown by molecular beam epitaxy," Appl. Phys. Lett. 743610-3612 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Langer, R.

R. Langer, A. Barski, J. Simon, N. T. Pelekanos, O. Konovalov, and R. Andre, "High-reflectivity GaN/GaAlN Bragg mirrors at blue/green wavelengths grown by molecular beam epitaxy," Appl. Phys. Lett. 743610-3612 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Li, J.

J. Li, Y. Wu, J. Fu, Y. Cong, J. Peng, and Y. Han, "Reversibly strain-tunable elastomeric photonic crystals," Chem. Phys. Lett. 390(1-3), 285-289 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ma, E.

Martinu, L.

L. Martinu and D. Poitras, "Plasma deposition of optical films and coatings: A review," J. Vac. Sci. Tech. A 18, 2619-2645 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Masuda, K.

T. Komikado, A. Inoue, K. Masuda, T. Ando, and S. Umegaki, "Multi-layered mirrors fabricated by spin-coating organic polymers," Thin Solid Films 515, 3887-3892 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Matranga, M. A.

Michel, J.

Y. Fink, J. N. Winn, S. Fan, C. Chen, J. Michel, J. D. Joannopoulos, and E. L. Thomas, "A Dielectric Omnidirectional Reflector," Science 282, 1679-1682 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Miyamoto, T.

M. Kimura, K. Okahara, and T. Miyamoto, "Tunable multilayer-film distributed-Bragg-reflector filter," J. Appl. Phys. 50, 1222-1225 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Mönch, W.

Nemchuk, N.

Nevitt, T. J.

M. F. Weber, C. A. Stover, L. R. Gilbert, T. J. Nevitt, and A. J. Ouderkirk, "Giant Birefringent Optics in Multilayer Polymer Mirrors," Science 287, 2451-2456 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Oesterle, U.

R. P. Stanley, R. Houdre, U. Oesterle, M. Gailhanou, and M. Ilegems, "Ultrahigh finesse microcavity with distributed Bragg reflectors," Appl. Phys. Lett. 65(15), 1883-1885 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Okahara, K.

M. Kimura, K. Okahara, and T. Miyamoto, "Tunable multilayer-film distributed-Bragg-reflector filter," J. Appl. Phys. 50, 1222-1225 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Ouderkirk, A. J.

M. F. Weber, C. A. Stover, L. R. Gilbert, T. J. Nevitt, and A. J. Ouderkirk, "Giant Birefringent Optics in Multilayer Polymer Mirrors," Science 287, 2451-2456 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pelekanos, N. T.

R. Langer, A. Barski, J. Simon, N. T. Pelekanos, O. Konovalov, and R. Andre, "High-reflectivity GaN/GaAlN Bragg mirrors at blue/green wavelengths grown by molecular beam epitaxy," Appl. Phys. Lett. 743610-3612 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Peng, J.

J. Li, Y. Wu, J. Fu, Y. Cong, J. Peng, and Y. Han, "Reversibly strain-tunable elastomeric photonic crystals," Chem. Phys. Lett. 390(1-3), 285-289 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Pennington, R. C.

R. C. Pennington, G. D’Alessandro, J. J. Baumberg, and M. Kaczmarek, "Spectral properties and modes of surface microcavities," Phys. Rev. A 79, 043822 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Poitras, D.

L. Martinu and D. Poitras, "Plasma deposition of optical films and coatings: A review," J. Vac. Sci. Tech. A 18, 2619-2645 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Prucker, O.

Pursiainen, O. L. J.

Ranade, A.

M. Sandrock, M. Wiggins, J. S. Shirk, H. Tai, A. Ranade, E. Baer, and A. Hiltner, "A widely tunable refractive index in a nanolayered photonic material," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 18, 3621-3623 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Romestain, R.

S. Setzu, P. Ferrand, and R. Romestain, "Optical properties of multilayered porous silicon," Mater. Sci. Eng. B 69, 34-42 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Rühe, J.

Ruhl, T.

Sandrock, M.

M. Sandrock, M. Wiggins, J. S. Shirk, H. Tai, A. Ranade, E. Baer, and A. Hiltner, "A widely tunable refractive index in a nanolayered photonic material," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 18, 3621-3623 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Schubert, E. F.

E. F. Schubert, Y. H. Wang, A. Y. Cho, L. W. Tu, and G. J. Zydzik, "Resonant cavity light emitting diode," Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 921-923 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Serra, F.

Setzu, S.

S. Setzu, P. Ferrand, and R. Romestain, "Optical properties of multilayered porous silicon," Mater. Sci. Eng. B 69, 34-42 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Shirk, J. S.

M. Sandrock, M. Wiggins, J. S. Shirk, H. Tai, A. Ranade, E. Baer, and A. Hiltner, "A widely tunable refractive index in a nanolayered photonic material," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 18, 3621-3623 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Shojaei-Zadeh, S.

S. Shojaei-Zadeh, S. R. Swanson, and S. L. Anna, "Highly uniform micro-cavity arrays in flexible elastomer film," Soft Matter 5, 743-746 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Simon, J.

R. Langer, A. Barski, J. Simon, N. T. Pelekanos, O. Konovalov, and R. Andre, "High-reflectivity GaN/GaAlN Bragg mirrors at blue/green wavelengths grown by molecular beam epitaxy," Appl. Phys. Lett. 743610-3612 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Spahn, P.

Stanley, R. P.

R. P. Stanley, R. Houdre, U. Oesterle, M. Gailhanou, and M. Ilegems, "Ultrahigh finesse microcavity with distributed Bragg reflectors," Appl. Phys. Lett. 65(15), 1883-1885 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Steiner, U.

N. Gibbons, J.J. Baumberg, C.L. Bower, M. Kolle, and U. Steiner, "Scalable Cylindrical Metallo-dielectric Metamaterials," Adv. Mater. 21, 3933 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Stover, C. A.

M. F. Weber, C. A. Stover, L. R. Gilbert, T. J. Nevitt, and A. J. Ouderkirk, "Giant Birefringent Optics in Multilayer Polymer Mirrors," Science 287, 2451-2456 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Swager, T. M.

A. C. Edrington, A. M. Urbas, P. DeRege, C. X. Chen, T. M. Swager, N. Hadjichristidis, M. Xenidou, L. J. Fetters, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, "Polymer-based photonic crystals," Adv. Mater. 13(6), 421-425 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Swanson, S. R.

S. Shojaei-Zadeh, S. R. Swanson, and S. L. Anna, "Highly uniform micro-cavity arrays in flexible elastomer film," Soft Matter 5, 743-746 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tai, H.

M. Sandrock, M. Wiggins, J. S. Shirk, H. Tai, A. Ranade, E. Baer, and A. Hiltner, "A widely tunable refractive index in a nanolayered photonic material," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 18, 3621-3623 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tajbakhsh, A. R.

Terentjev, E. M.

F. Serra, M. A. Matranga, Y. Ji, and E. M. Terentjev, "Single-mode laser tuning from cholesteric elastomers using a notch band-gap configuration," Opt. Express 18, 575-581 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Hirota, Y. Ji, F. Serra, A. R. Tajbakhsh, and E. M. Terentjev, "Effect of cross linking on the photonic bandgap in deformable cholesteric elastomers," Opt. Express 16, 5320-5331 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Cicuta, A. R. Tajbakhsh, and E. M. Terentjev, "Photonic gaps in cholesteric elastomers under deformation," Phys. Rev. E 70, 011703 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Hotta, S. M. Clarke and E. M. Terentjev, "Stress Relaxation in Transient Networks of Symmetric Triblock Styrene-Isoprene-Styrene Copolymer," Macromolecules 35, 271-277 (2000)
[CrossRef]

Thomas, E. L.

Y. Kang, J. J. Walish, T. Gorishnyy, and E. L. Thomas, "Broad-wavelength-range chemically tunable block copolymer photonic gels," Nat. Mater. 6, 957-960 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Fink, J. N. Winn, S. Fan, C. Chen, J. Michel, J. D. Joannopoulos, and E. L. Thomas, "A Dielectric Omnidirectional Reflector," Science 282, 1679-1682 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tomlin, D.

H. Jiang, E. Johnson, K. Eyink, J. Grant, D. Tomlin, and T. Bunning, "Plasma Polymerized Multi-Layered Photonic Films," Chem. Mater. 15, 340-347 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tu, L. W.

E. F. Schubert, Y. H. Wang, A. Y. Cho, L. W. Tu, and G. J. Zydzik, "Resonant cavity light emitting diode," Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 921-923 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Umegaki, S.

T. Komikado, A. Inoue, K. Masuda, T. Ando, and S. Umegaki, "Multi-layered mirrors fabricated by spin-coating organic polymers," Thin Solid Films 515, 3887-3892 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Urbas, A. M.

A. C. Edrington, A. M. Urbas, P. DeRege, C. X. Chen, T. M. Swager, N. Hadjichristidis, M. Xenidou, L. J. Fetters, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, "Polymer-based photonic crystals," Adv. Mater. 13(6), 421-425 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Viel, B.

Walish, J. J.

Y. Kang, J. J. Walish, T. Gorishnyy, and E. L. Thomas, "Broad-wavelength-range chemically tunable block copolymer photonic gels," Nat. Mater. 6, 957-960 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, Y. H.

E. F. Schubert, Y. H. Wang, A. Y. Cho, L. W. Tu, and G. J. Zydzik, "Resonant cavity light emitting diode," Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 921-923 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Weber, M. F.

M. F. Weber, C. A. Stover, L. R. Gilbert, T. J. Nevitt, and A. J. Ouderkirk, "Giant Birefringent Optics in Multilayer Polymer Mirrors," Science 287, 2451-2456 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wiggins, M.

M. Sandrock, M. Wiggins, J. S. Shirk, H. Tai, A. Ranade, E. Baer, and A. Hiltner, "A widely tunable refractive index in a nanolayered photonic material," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 18, 3621-3623 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Winkler, H.

Winn, J. N.

Y. Fink, J. N. Winn, S. Fan, C. Chen, J. Michel, J. D. Joannopoulos, and E. L. Thomas, "A Dielectric Omnidirectional Reflector," Science 282, 1679-1682 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wu, M.

Wu, Y.

J. Li, Y. Wu, J. Fu, Y. Cong, J. Peng, and Y. Han, "Reversibly strain-tunable elastomeric photonic crystals," Chem. Phys. Lett. 390(1-3), 285-289 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Xenidou, M.

A. C. Edrington, A. M. Urbas, P. DeRege, C. X. Chen, T. M. Swager, N. Hadjichristidis, M. Xenidou, L. J. Fetters, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, "Polymer-based photonic crystals," Adv. Mater. 13(6), 421-425 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Zappe, H.

Zydzik, G. J.

E. F. Schubert, Y. H. Wang, A. Y. Cho, L. W. Tu, and G. J. Zydzik, "Resonant cavity light emitting diode," Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 921-923 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Mater.

A. C. Edrington, A. M. Urbas, P. DeRege, C. X. Chen, T. M. Swager, N. Hadjichristidis, M. Xenidou, L. J. Fetters, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, "Polymer-based photonic crystals," Adv. Mater. 13(6), 421-425 (2001).
[CrossRef]

N. Gibbons, J.J. Baumberg, C.L. Bower, M. Kolle, and U. Steiner, "Scalable Cylindrical Metallo-dielectric Metamaterials," Adv. Mater. 21, 3933 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ann. Phys.

F. Abeles, "Recherches sur la propagation des ondes électromagnétiques sinusoïdales dans les milieux stratifiés. Application aux couches minces," Ann. Phys. 5, 596-640 (part I), 706-784 (part II) (1950).

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

D. L. Huffaker and D. G. Deppe, "Low threshold vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers based on high contrast distributed Bragg reflectors," Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 1781-1783 (1997).
[CrossRef]

E. F. Schubert, Y. H. Wang, A. Y. Cho, L. W. Tu, and G. J. Zydzik, "Resonant cavity light emitting diode," Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 921-923 (1992).
[CrossRef]

M. Sandrock, M. Wiggins, J. S. Shirk, H. Tai, A. Ranade, E. Baer, and A. Hiltner, "A widely tunable refractive index in a nanolayered photonic material," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 18, 3621-3623 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. P. Stanley, R. Houdre, U. Oesterle, M. Gailhanou, and M. Ilegems, "Ultrahigh finesse microcavity with distributed Bragg reflectors," Appl. Phys. Lett. 65(15), 1883-1885 (1994).
[CrossRef]

R. Langer, A. Barski, J. Simon, N. T. Pelekanos, O. Konovalov, and R. Andre, "High-reflectivity GaN/GaAlN Bragg mirrors at blue/green wavelengths grown by molecular beam epitaxy," Appl. Phys. Lett. 743610-3612 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Mater.

H. Jiang, E. Johnson, K. Eyink, J. Grant, D. Tomlin, and T. Bunning, "Plasma Polymerized Multi-Layered Photonic Films," Chem. Mater. 15, 340-347 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett.

J. Li, Y. Wu, J. Fu, Y. Cong, J. Peng, and Y. Han, "Reversibly strain-tunable elastomeric photonic crystals," Chem. Phys. Lett. 390(1-3), 285-289 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

M. Kimura, K. Okahara, and T. Miyamoto, "Tunable multilayer-film distributed-Bragg-reflector filter," J. Appl. Phys. 50, 1222-1225 (1979).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

J. Vac. Sci. Tech. A

L. Martinu and D. Poitras, "Plasma deposition of optical films and coatings: A review," J. Vac. Sci. Tech. A 18, 2619-2645 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Macromol. Rapid Commun.

W. Caseri, "Nanocomposites of polymers and metals or semiconductors: Historical background and optical properties," Macromol. Rapid Commun. 21, 705-722 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Macromolecules

A. Hotta, S. M. Clarke and E. M. Terentjev, "Stress Relaxation in Transient Networks of Symmetric Triblock Styrene-Isoprene-Styrene Copolymer," Macromolecules 35, 271-277 (2000)
[CrossRef]

Mater. Sci. Eng. B

S. Setzu, P. Ferrand, and R. Romestain, "Optical properties of multilayered porous silicon," Mater. Sci. Eng. B 69, 34-42 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Mater.

Y. Kang, J. J. Walish, T. Gorishnyy, and E. L. Thomas, "Broad-wavelength-range chemically tunable block copolymer photonic gels," Nat. Mater. 6, 957-960 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express

Phys. Rev. A

R. C. Pennington, G. D’Alessandro, J. J. Baumberg, and M. Kaczmarek, "Spectral properties and modes of surface microcavities," Phys. Rev. A 79, 043822 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. E

P. Cicuta, A. R. Tajbakhsh, and E. M. Terentjev, "Photonic gaps in cholesteric elastomers under deformation," Phys. Rev. E 70, 011703 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

W. Gellermann, M. Kohmoto, Sutherland, and P. C. Taylor, "Localization of light wave in Fibonacci dielectric multilayers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 72(5), 633-636 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science

M. F. Weber, C. A. Stover, L. R. Gilbert, T. J. Nevitt, and A. J. Ouderkirk, "Giant Birefringent Optics in Multilayer Polymer Mirrors," Science 287, 2451-2456 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Fink, J. N. Winn, S. Fan, C. Chen, J. Michel, J. D. Joannopoulos, and E. L. Thomas, "A Dielectric Omnidirectional Reflector," Science 282, 1679-1682 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Soft Matter

S. Shojaei-Zadeh, S. R. Swanson, and S. L. Anna, "Highly uniform micro-cavity arrays in flexible elastomer film," Soft Matter 5, 743-746 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Thin Solid Films

T. Komikado, A. Inoue, K. Masuda, T. Ando, and S. Umegaki, "Multi-layered mirrors fabricated by spin-coating organic polymers," Thin Solid Films 515, 3887-3892 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Other

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, (Cambridge University Press, 2005).

O.S. Heavens, Optical properties of thin solid films, (Dover Publications, 1965).

M. Rubinstein and R. H. Colby, Polymer Physics, (Oxford University Press, 2003).

A. V. Kavokin and J. J. Baumberg, ‘Microcavities, (Oxford University Press, 2007).
[CrossRef]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic DBR assembly: (a) Initial double layer, produced by spin-cast PDMS film followed by thermal annealing and spin-cast PSPI film on top, produces DBRs efficiently via three different routes. (b) “Cut and stack” technique: repeated cutting and floating followed by the stacking of layered films on top of each other. (c) “Roll-up” technique: double layer floated onto a water surface is rolled up onto a flexible transparent rod. (d) “Origami” technique: based on three-step folding cycle leading to a z-fold. Lower box shows initial bi-layer, and stack after one and two folding cycles. Red arrows indicate folding direction.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Simulated reflectivity spectra. (a) Bragg mirror consisting of 15 double layers (black line) and a microcavity (red line) constructed from two 15 double layer DBRs surrounding a cavity spacer. (b) Field distributions in the cavity structure at 582 nm (1), 590 nm (2) and 597 nm (3), marked in (a).

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

DBR tuning. (a) As the multilayer stack is stretched, the colour changes rapidly and reversibly (image height: 140 μm). (b) Reflectivity spectra of the multilayer stack at increasing strains. The dashed line shows the result of a reflectivity calculation for ε = 0. (c) Peak wavelength as a function of strain. Circles, diamonds and stars correspond to three consecutive strain cycles. The red line is the prediction of Eq. (4).

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Elastomeric microcavity tuning as a function of strain. (a) ε = 0, (b), ε = 0.3 and (c), ε = 0.6. Insets show micrographs of the film surface in reflection at each strain (scalebar: 20 μm). The dashed line in (a) is a calculation for ε = 0. (d) DBR mirror stop band (black lines) and microcavity mode (red line) vs applied strain. The fits for both are identical and follow equation (4). The inset shows the rate of wavelength change with applied strain. (e) DBR bandwidth and fit (line) vs applied strain. (f) Theroetically predicted Q-factor of the microcavities as a function of the number of cut-and-stack operations.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Microcavity formed from a flat lower DBR on glass, and an upper elastomeric DBR on a PDMS grating. (a) Schematic cross-section: a DBR multilayer is placed on a PDMS line grating (pitch: 4 μm, 250 nm high square grooves) and the assembly is put into contact with a commercial planar DBR covered by a 206 nm thick PDMS spacer layer. Stable cavity modes form at position 1. (b) AFM image of the elastomeric DBR on the PDMS line grating (height scale: 30 nm, scalebar: 5 μm), and (c) transmission image of the full microcavity in IR light. (d) Selected transmission spectra from line scans across the sample, showing the different confined optical modes at points indicated by red and purple arrows in (a),(b). The peak at 510 nm originates from a defect in the lower DBR only.

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

λ ̅ = 4 d i n i 2 sin 2 θ
l c = 2 c + 1
l f = 3 f 1 .
λ ̅ ( ε ) = λ ̅ 0 1 + ε
Q = Q 0 exp { 2 N Δ n n ̅ }

Metrics