Abstract

We present a compact 4x8 wavelength-routing switch that monolithically integrates fast tunable wavelength converters (TWCs) and an arrayed-waveguide grating (AWG) for optical packet switching. The TWC consists of a double-ring-resonator-coupled tunable laser which allows rapid and stable switching, and an optical gate based on a parallel amplifier structure which prevents an input optical signal from being routed through the AWG (filter-free operation). A deep-ridge waveguide technology, employed for the AWG and ring resonators, facilitates the fabrication of the switch and makes the device compact. The filter-free TWCs achieve low crosstalk of the input optical signal of less than −22 dB. The wavelength routing operation of a non-return-to-zero (NRZ) signal at 10 Gbit/s is achieved with a switching time of less than 5 ns.

© 2010 OSA

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2009

T. Segawa, S. Matsuo, T. Kakitsuka, T. Sato, Y. Kondo, and R. Takahashi, “Semiconductor Double-Ring-Resonator-Coupled Tunable Laser for Wavelength Routing,” IEEE JQE 45(7), 892–899 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2007

T. Segawa, S. Matsuo, T. Kakitsuka, T. Sato, Y. Kondo, and H. Suzuki, “Full C-band tuning operation of semiconductor double ring resonator coupled laser with low tuning current,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(17), 1322–1324 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

2004

2003

2002

Y. Shibata, N. Kikuchi, S. Oku, T. Ito, H. Okamoto, Y. Kawaguchi, Y. Suzuki, and Y. Kondo, “Monolithically Integrated Parallel-Amplifier Structure for Filter-Free Wavelength Conversion,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41(Part 1, No. 2B), 1194–1198 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000

1998

P. Gambini, M. Renaud, C. Guillemot, F. Callegati, I. Andonovic, B. Bostica, D. Chiaroni, G. Corazza, S. Danielsen, P. Gravey, P. B. Hansen, M. Henry, C. Janz, A. Kloch, R. Krahenbuhl, C. Raffaelli, M. Schilling, A. Talneau, L. Zucchelli, A Talneau, and L Zucchelli, “Transparent optical packet switching: network architecture and demonstrators in the KEOPS project,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 16(7), 1245–1259 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Andonovic, I.

P. Gambini, M. Renaud, C. Guillemot, F. Callegati, I. Andonovic, B. Bostica, D. Chiaroni, G. Corazza, S. Danielsen, P. Gravey, P. B. Hansen, M. Henry, C. Janz, A. Kloch, R. Krahenbuhl, C. Raffaelli, M. Schilling, A. Talneau, L. Zucchelli, A Talneau, and L Zucchelli, “Transparent optical packet switching: network architecture and demonstrators in the KEOPS project,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 16(7), 1245–1259 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bernasconi, P.

Bhardwaj, A.

Bostica, B.

P. Gambini, M. Renaud, C. Guillemot, F. Callegati, I. Andonovic, B. Bostica, D. Chiaroni, G. Corazza, S. Danielsen, P. Gravey, P. B. Hansen, M. Henry, C. Janz, A. Kloch, R. Krahenbuhl, C. Raffaelli, M. Schilling, A. Talneau, L. Zucchelli, A Talneau, and L Zucchelli, “Transparent optical packet switching: network architecture and demonstrators in the KEOPS project,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 16(7), 1245–1259 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Buhl, L. L.

Callegati, F.

P. Gambini, M. Renaud, C. Guillemot, F. Callegati, I. Andonovic, B. Bostica, D. Chiaroni, G. Corazza, S. Danielsen, P. Gravey, P. B. Hansen, M. Henry, C. Janz, A. Kloch, R. Krahenbuhl, C. Raffaelli, M. Schilling, A. Talneau, L. Zucchelli, A Talneau, and L Zucchelli, “Transparent optical packet switching: network architecture and demonstrators in the KEOPS project,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 16(7), 1245–1259 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chandrasekhar, S.

Chiaroni, D.

P. Gambini, M. Renaud, C. Guillemot, F. Callegati, I. Andonovic, B. Bostica, D. Chiaroni, G. Corazza, S. Danielsen, P. Gravey, P. B. Hansen, M. Henry, C. Janz, A. Kloch, R. Krahenbuhl, C. Raffaelli, M. Schilling, A. Talneau, L. Zucchelli, A Talneau, and L Zucchelli, “Transparent optical packet switching: network architecture and demonstrators in the KEOPS project,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 16(7), 1245–1259 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Corazza, G.

P. Gambini, M. Renaud, C. Guillemot, F. Callegati, I. Andonovic, B. Bostica, D. Chiaroni, G. Corazza, S. Danielsen, P. Gravey, P. B. Hansen, M. Henry, C. Janz, A. Kloch, R. Krahenbuhl, C. Raffaelli, M. Schilling, A. Talneau, L. Zucchelli, A Talneau, and L Zucchelli, “Transparent optical packet switching: network architecture and demonstrators in the KEOPS project,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 16(7), 1245–1259 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Danielsen, S.

P. Gambini, M. Renaud, C. Guillemot, F. Callegati, I. Andonovic, B. Bostica, D. Chiaroni, G. Corazza, S. Danielsen, P. Gravey, P. B. Hansen, M. Henry, C. Janz, A. Kloch, R. Krahenbuhl, C. Raffaelli, M. Schilling, A. Talneau, L. Zucchelli, A Talneau, and L Zucchelli, “Transparent optical packet switching: network architecture and demonstrators in the KEOPS project,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 16(7), 1245–1259 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Duelk, M.

Gambini, P.

P. Gambini, M. Renaud, C. Guillemot, F. Callegati, I. Andonovic, B. Bostica, D. Chiaroni, G. Corazza, S. Danielsen, P. Gravey, P. B. Hansen, M. Henry, C. Janz, A. Kloch, R. Krahenbuhl, C. Raffaelli, M. Schilling, A. Talneau, L. Zucchelli, A Talneau, and L Zucchelli, “Transparent optical packet switching: network architecture and demonstrators in the KEOPS project,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 16(7), 1245–1259 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Garrett, H. E.

J. E. Simsarian, M. C. Larson, H. E. Garrett, H. Xu, and T. A. Strand, “Less than 5-ns wavelength switching with an SG-DBR laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(4), 565–567 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gravey, P.

P. Gambini, M. Renaud, C. Guillemot, F. Callegati, I. Andonovic, B. Bostica, D. Chiaroni, G. Corazza, S. Danielsen, P. Gravey, P. B. Hansen, M. Henry, C. Janz, A. Kloch, R. Krahenbuhl, C. Raffaelli, M. Schilling, A. Talneau, L. Zucchelli, A Talneau, and L Zucchelli, “Transparent optical packet switching: network architecture and demonstrators in the KEOPS project,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 16(7), 1245–1259 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Gripp, J.

Guillemot, C.

P. Gambini, M. Renaud, C. Guillemot, F. Callegati, I. Andonovic, B. Bostica, D. Chiaroni, G. Corazza, S. Danielsen, P. Gravey, P. B. Hansen, M. Henry, C. Janz, A. Kloch, R. Krahenbuhl, C. Raffaelli, M. Schilling, A. Talneau, L. Zucchelli, A Talneau, and L Zucchelli, “Transparent optical packet switching: network architecture and demonstrators in the KEOPS project,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 16(7), 1245–1259 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hansen, P. B.

P. Gambini, M. Renaud, C. Guillemot, F. Callegati, I. Andonovic, B. Bostica, D. Chiaroni, G. Corazza, S. Danielsen, P. Gravey, P. B. Hansen, M. Henry, C. Janz, A. Kloch, R. Krahenbuhl, C. Raffaelli, M. Schilling, A. Talneau, L. Zucchelli, A Talneau, and L Zucchelli, “Transparent optical packet switching: network architecture and demonstrators in the KEOPS project,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 16(7), 1245–1259 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Henry, M.

P. Gambini, M. Renaud, C. Guillemot, F. Callegati, I. Andonovic, B. Bostica, D. Chiaroni, G. Corazza, S. Danielsen, P. Gravey, P. B. Hansen, M. Henry, C. Janz, A. Kloch, R. Krahenbuhl, C. Raffaelli, M. Schilling, A. Talneau, L. Zucchelli, A Talneau, and L Zucchelli, “Transparent optical packet switching: network architecture and demonstrators in the KEOPS project,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 16(7), 1245–1259 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ito, T.

Y. Shibata, N. Kikuchi, S. Oku, T. Ito, H. Okamoto, Y. Kawaguchi, Y. Suzuki, and Y. Kondo, “Monolithically Integrated Parallel-Amplifier Structure for Filter-Free Wavelength Conversion,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41(Part 1, No. 2B), 1194–1198 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Kohtoku, K. Kawano, S. Sekine, H. Takeuchi, N. Yoshimoto, M. Wada, T. Ito, M. Yanagibashi, S. Kondo, Y. Noguchi, and M. Naganuma, “High-speed InGaAlAs-InAlAs MQW directional coupler waveguide switch modules integrated with a spotsize converter having a lateral taper, thin-film core, and ridge,” J. Lightwave Technol. 18(3), 360–369 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Janz, C.

P. Gambini, M. Renaud, C. Guillemot, F. Callegati, I. Andonovic, B. Bostica, D. Chiaroni, G. Corazza, S. Danielsen, P. Gravey, P. B. Hansen, M. Henry, C. Janz, A. Kloch, R. Krahenbuhl, C. Raffaelli, M. Schilling, A. Talneau, L. Zucchelli, A Talneau, and L Zucchelli, “Transparent optical packet switching: network architecture and demonstrators in the KEOPS project,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 16(7), 1245–1259 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kakitsuka, T.

T. Segawa, S. Matsuo, T. Kakitsuka, T. Sato, Y. Kondo, and R. Takahashi, “Semiconductor Double-Ring-Resonator-Coupled Tunable Laser for Wavelength Routing,” IEEE JQE 45(7), 892–899 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Segawa, S. Matsuo, T. Kakitsuka, T. Sato, Y. Kondo, and H. Suzuki, “Full C-band tuning operation of semiconductor double ring resonator coupled laser with low tuning current,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(17), 1322–1324 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kang, I.

Kawaguchi, Y.

Y. Shibata, N. Kikuchi, S. Oku, T. Ito, H. Okamoto, Y. Kawaguchi, Y. Suzuki, and Y. Kondo, “Monolithically Integrated Parallel-Amplifier Structure for Filter-Free Wavelength Conversion,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41(Part 1, No. 2B), 1194–1198 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kawano, K.

Kikuchi, N.

Y. Shibata, N. Kikuchi, S. Oku, T. Ito, H. Okamoto, Y. Kawaguchi, Y. Suzuki, and Y. Kondo, “Monolithically Integrated Parallel-Amplifier Structure for Filter-Free Wavelength Conversion,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41(Part 1, No. 2B), 1194–1198 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kloch, A.

P. Gambini, M. Renaud, C. Guillemot, F. Callegati, I. Andonovic, B. Bostica, D. Chiaroni, G. Corazza, S. Danielsen, P. Gravey, P. B. Hansen, M. Henry, C. Janz, A. Kloch, R. Krahenbuhl, C. Raffaelli, M. Schilling, A. Talneau, L. Zucchelli, A Talneau, and L Zucchelli, “Transparent optical packet switching: network architecture and demonstrators in the KEOPS project,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 16(7), 1245–1259 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kohtoku, M.

Kondo, N.

Kondo, S.

Kondo, Y.

T. Segawa, S. Matsuo, T. Kakitsuka, T. Sato, Y. Kondo, and R. Takahashi, “Semiconductor Double-Ring-Resonator-Coupled Tunable Laser for Wavelength Routing,” IEEE JQE 45(7), 892–899 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Segawa, S. Matsuo, T. Kakitsuka, T. Sato, Y. Kondo, and H. Suzuki, “Full C-band tuning operation of semiconductor double ring resonator coupled laser with low tuning current,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(17), 1322–1324 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Shibata, N. Kikuchi, S. Oku, T. Ito, H. Okamoto, Y. Kawaguchi, Y. Suzuki, and Y. Kondo, “Monolithically Integrated Parallel-Amplifier Structure for Filter-Free Wavelength Conversion,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41(Part 1, No. 2B), 1194–1198 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Krahenbuhl, R.

P. Gambini, M. Renaud, C. Guillemot, F. Callegati, I. Andonovic, B. Bostica, D. Chiaroni, G. Corazza, S. Danielsen, P. Gravey, P. B. Hansen, M. Henry, C. Janz, A. Kloch, R. Krahenbuhl, C. Raffaelli, M. Schilling, A. Talneau, L. Zucchelli, A Talneau, and L Zucchelli, “Transparent optical packet switching: network architecture and demonstrators in the KEOPS project,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 16(7), 1245–1259 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Larson, M. C.

J. E. Simsarian, M. C. Larson, H. E. Garrett, H. Xu, and T. A. Strand, “Less than 5-ns wavelength switching with an SG-DBR laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(4), 565–567 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Laznicka, O.

Matsuo, S.

T. Segawa, S. Matsuo, T. Kakitsuka, T. Sato, Y. Kondo, and R. Takahashi, “Semiconductor Double-Ring-Resonator-Coupled Tunable Laser for Wavelength Routing,” IEEE JQE 45(7), 892–899 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Segawa, S. Matsuo, T. Kakitsuka, T. Sato, Y. Kondo, and H. Suzuki, “Full C-band tuning operation of semiconductor double ring resonator coupled laser with low tuning current,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(17), 1322–1324 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Naganuma, M.

Nakahara, T.

Neilson, D. T.

Noguchi, Y.

Okamoto, H.

Y. Shibata, N. Kikuchi, S. Oku, T. Ito, H. Okamoto, Y. Kawaguchi, Y. Suzuki, and Y. Kondo, “Monolithically Integrated Parallel-Amplifier Structure for Filter-Free Wavelength Conversion,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41(Part 1, No. 2B), 1194–1198 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Oku, S.

Y. Shibata, N. Kikuchi, S. Oku, T. Ito, H. Okamoto, Y. Kawaguchi, Y. Suzuki, and Y. Kondo, “Monolithically Integrated Parallel-Amplifier Structure for Filter-Free Wavelength Conversion,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41(Part 1, No. 2B), 1194–1198 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Raffaelli, C.

P. Gambini, M. Renaud, C. Guillemot, F. Callegati, I. Andonovic, B. Bostica, D. Chiaroni, G. Corazza, S. Danielsen, P. Gravey, P. B. Hansen, M. Henry, C. Janz, A. Kloch, R. Krahenbuhl, C. Raffaelli, M. Schilling, A. Talneau, L. Zucchelli, A Talneau, and L Zucchelli, “Transparent optical packet switching: network architecture and demonstrators in the KEOPS project,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 16(7), 1245–1259 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Renaud, M.

P. Gambini, M. Renaud, C. Guillemot, F. Callegati, I. Andonovic, B. Bostica, D. Chiaroni, G. Corazza, S. Danielsen, P. Gravey, P. B. Hansen, M. Henry, C. Janz, A. Kloch, R. Krahenbuhl, C. Raffaelli, M. Schilling, A. Talneau, L. Zucchelli, A Talneau, and L Zucchelli, “Transparent optical packet switching: network architecture and demonstrators in the KEOPS project,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 16(7), 1245–1259 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Sato, T.

T. Segawa, S. Matsuo, T. Kakitsuka, T. Sato, Y. Kondo, and R. Takahashi, “Semiconductor Double-Ring-Resonator-Coupled Tunable Laser for Wavelength Routing,” IEEE JQE 45(7), 892–899 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Segawa, S. Matsuo, T. Kakitsuka, T. Sato, Y. Kondo, and H. Suzuki, “Full C-band tuning operation of semiconductor double ring resonator coupled laser with low tuning current,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(17), 1322–1324 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sauer, N.

Schilling, M.

P. Gambini, M. Renaud, C. Guillemot, F. Callegati, I. Andonovic, B. Bostica, D. Chiaroni, G. Corazza, S. Danielsen, P. Gravey, P. B. Hansen, M. Henry, C. Janz, A. Kloch, R. Krahenbuhl, C. Raffaelli, M. Schilling, A. Talneau, L. Zucchelli, A Talneau, and L Zucchelli, “Transparent optical packet switching: network architecture and demonstrators in the KEOPS project,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 16(7), 1245–1259 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Segawa, T.

T. Segawa, S. Matsuo, T. Kakitsuka, T. Sato, Y. Kondo, and R. Takahashi, “Semiconductor Double-Ring-Resonator-Coupled Tunable Laser for Wavelength Routing,” IEEE JQE 45(7), 892–899 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Segawa, S. Matsuo, T. Kakitsuka, T. Sato, Y. Kondo, and H. Suzuki, “Full C-band tuning operation of semiconductor double ring resonator coupled laser with low tuning current,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(17), 1322–1324 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sekine, S.

Shibata, Y.

Y. Shibata, N. Kikuchi, S. Oku, T. Ito, H. Okamoto, Y. Kawaguchi, Y. Suzuki, and Y. Kondo, “Monolithically Integrated Parallel-Amplifier Structure for Filter-Free Wavelength Conversion,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41(Part 1, No. 2B), 1194–1198 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Simsarian, J. E.

J. E. Simsarian, M. C. Larson, H. E. Garrett, H. Xu, and T. A. Strand, “Less than 5-ns wavelength switching with an SG-DBR laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(4), 565–567 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Gripp, M. Duelk, J. E. Simsarian, A. Bhardwaj, P. Bernasconi, O. Laznicka, and M. Zirngibl, “Optical Switch Fabrics for Ultra-High-Capacity IP Routers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 21(11), 2839–2850 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sinsky, J. H.

Strand, T. A.

J. E. Simsarian, M. C. Larson, H. E. Garrett, H. Xu, and T. A. Strand, “Less than 5-ns wavelength switching with an SG-DBR laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(4), 565–567 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, H.

T. Segawa, S. Matsuo, T. Kakitsuka, T. Sato, Y. Kondo, and H. Suzuki, “Full C-band tuning operation of semiconductor double ring resonator coupled laser with low tuning current,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(17), 1322–1324 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. Takahashi, T. Nakahara, K. Takahata, H. Takenouchi, T. Yasui, N. Kondo, and H. Suzuki, “Ultrafast optoelectronic packet processing for asynchronous, optical-packet-switched networks,” J. Opt. Netw. 3(12), 914–930 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, Y.

Y. Shibata, N. Kikuchi, S. Oku, T. Ito, H. Okamoto, Y. Kawaguchi, Y. Suzuki, and Y. Kondo, “Monolithically Integrated Parallel-Amplifier Structure for Filter-Free Wavelength Conversion,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41(Part 1, No. 2B), 1194–1198 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Takahashi, R.

T. Segawa, S. Matsuo, T. Kakitsuka, T. Sato, Y. Kondo, and R. Takahashi, “Semiconductor Double-Ring-Resonator-Coupled Tunable Laser for Wavelength Routing,” IEEE JQE 45(7), 892–899 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. Takahashi, T. Nakahara, K. Takahata, H. Takenouchi, T. Yasui, N. Kondo, and H. Suzuki, “Ultrafast optoelectronic packet processing for asynchronous, optical-packet-switched networks,” J. Opt. Netw. 3(12), 914–930 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Takahata, K.

Takenouchi, H.

Takeuchi, H.

Talneau, A

P. Gambini, M. Renaud, C. Guillemot, F. Callegati, I. Andonovic, B. Bostica, D. Chiaroni, G. Corazza, S. Danielsen, P. Gravey, P. B. Hansen, M. Henry, C. Janz, A. Kloch, R. Krahenbuhl, C. Raffaelli, M. Schilling, A. Talneau, L. Zucchelli, A Talneau, and L Zucchelli, “Transparent optical packet switching: network architecture and demonstrators in the KEOPS project,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 16(7), 1245–1259 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Talneau, A.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Photograph of the fabricated WRS. (a) Overall device. (b) Enlarged view of the TWC.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Superimposed output spectra of the WRS for every output port using each TWC.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Wavelength converted eye diagrams for every output port of the WRS.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Output spectra of the WRS from (a) output port 5 and (b) output port 1.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Waveforms for the four output ports of the WRS.

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