Abstract

We present experimental studies on the generation of pulsed and continuous-wave squeezed vacuum via nonlinear rotation of the polarization ellipse in a 87Rb vapor. Squeezing is observed for a wide range of input powers and pump detunings on the D1 line, while only excess noise is present on the D2 line. The maximum continuous-wave squeezing observed is -1.4 ± 0.1 dB (-2.0 dB corrected for losses). We measure -1.1 dB squeezing at the resonance frequency of the 85Rb F = 3 → F′ transition, which may allow the storage of squeezed light generated by 87Rb in a 85Rb quantum memory. Using a pulsed pump, pulsed squeezed light with -1 dB of squeezing for 200 ns pulse widths is observed at 1 MHz repetition rate.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. G. Hétet, M. Hosseini, B. Sparkes, D. Oblak, P. Lam, and B. Buchler, "Photon echoes generated by reversing magnetic field gradients in a rubidium vapor," Opt. Lett. 33,2323-2325 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. J. Dingjan, B. Darquié, J. Beugnon, M. P. A. Jones, S. Bergamini, G. Messin, A. Browaeys, P. Grangier, "A frequency-doubled laser system producing ns pulses for rubidium manipulation," Appl. Phys. B 82,47-51 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  27. B. Yurke, P. Grangier, R. E. Slusher, and M. J. Potasek, "Generating and detecting short-duration pulses of squeezed light," Phys. Rev. A 35,3586-3589 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  28. M. Margalit, C. X. Yu, E. P. Ippen, and H. A. Haus, "Cross phase modulation squeezing in optical fibers," Opt. Express 2,72-76 (1998).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (5)

2008 (6)

E. E. Mikhailov and I. Novikova, "Low-frequency vacuum squeezing via polarization self-rotation in Rb vapor," Opt. Lett. 33,1213-1215 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Hétet, M. Hosseini, B. Sparkes, D. Oblak, P. Lam, and B. Buchler, "Photon echoes generated by reversing magnetic field gradients in a rubidium vapor," Opt. Lett. 33,2323-2325 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Lezama, P. Valente, H. Failache, M. Martinelli, and P. Nussenzveig, "Numerical investigation of the quantum fluctuations of optical fields transmitted through an atomic medium," Phys. Rev. A 77,013806 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. Honda, D. Akamatsu, M. Arikawa, Y. Yokoi, K. Akiba, S. Nagatsuka, T. Tanimura, A. Furusawa, and M. Kozuma, "Storage and Retrieval of a Squeezed Vacuum," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100,093601 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Appel, E. Figueroa, D. Korystov, M. Lobino, and A. I. Lvovsky, "Quantum Memory for Squeezed Light," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100,093602 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Predojević, Z. Zhai, J. M. Caballero, and M.W. Mitchell, "Rubidium resonant squeezed light from a diode-pumped optical-parametric oscillator," Phys. Rev. A 78,063820 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

G. Hétet, O. Glockl, K. A. Pilypas, C. C. Harb, B. C. Buchler, H-A. Bachor, and P. K. Lam, "Squeezed light for bandwidth-limited atom optics experiments at the rubidium D1 line," J. Phys. B 40,221-226 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Ourjoumtsev, A. Dantan, R. Tualle-Brouri, and P. Grangier, "Increasing Entanglement between Gaussian States by Coherent Photon Subtraction," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98,030502 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

M. T. L. Hsu, G. Hétet, A. Peng, C. C. Harb, H.-A. Bachor, M. T. Johnsson, J. J. Hope, P. K. Lam, A. Dantan, J. Cviklinski, A. Bramati, and M. Pinard, "Effect of atomic noise on optical squeezing via polarization self-rotation in a thermal vapor cell," Phys. Rev. A 73,023806 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

J. Dingjan, B. Darquié, J. Beugnon, M. P. A. Jones, S. Bergamini, G. Messin, A. Browaeys, P. Grangier, "A frequency-doubled laser system producing ns pulses for rubidium manipulation," Appl. Phys. B 82,47-51 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

J. Ries, B. Brezger, and A. I. Lvovsky, "Experimental vacuum squeezing in rubidium vapor via self rotation," Phys. Rev. A 68,025801(2003).
[CrossRef]

V. Josse, A. Dantan, L. Vernac, A. Bramati, M. Pinard, and E. Giacobino, "Polarization squeezing with cold atoms," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91,103601 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

A. B. Matsko, I. Novikova, G. R. Welch, D. Budker, D. F. Kimball, and S. M. Rochester, "Vacuum squeezing in atomic media via self-rotation," Phys. Rev. A 66,043815 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

H. J. Briegel, W. Dür, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, "Quantum Repeaters: The Role of Imperfect Local Operations in Quantum Communication," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81,5932-5935 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. Margalit, C. X. Yu, E. P. Ippen, and H. A. Haus, "Cross phase modulation squeezing in optical fibers," Opt. Express 2,72-76 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1992 (2)

1987 (4)

P. Grangier, R. E. Slusher, B. Yurke, and A. LaPorta, "Squeezed-light enhanced polarization interferometer," Phys. Rev. Lett. 59,2153-2156 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. E. Saleh and M. C. Teich, "Can the channel capacity of a light-wave communication system be increased by the use of photon-number squeezed light?" Phys. Rev. Lett. 58,2656-2659 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. E. Slusher, P. Grangier, A. LaPorta, B. Yurke, and M. J. Potasek, "Pulsed squeezed light," Phys. Rev. Lett. 59,2566-2569 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Yurke, P. Grangier, R. E. Slusher, and M. J. Potasek, "Generating and detecting short-duration pulses of squeezed light," Phys. Rev. A 35,3586-3589 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1985 (1)

R. E. Slusher, L. W. Hollberg, B. Yurke, J. C. Mertz, and J. F. Valley, "Observation of Squeezed States Generated by Four-Wave Mixing in an Optical Cavity," Phys. Rev. Lett. 55,2409-2412 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Akamatsu, D.

K. Honda, D. Akamatsu, M. Arikawa, Y. Yokoi, K. Akiba, S. Nagatsuka, T. Tanimura, A. Furusawa, and M. Kozuma, "Storage and Retrieval of a Squeezed Vacuum," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100,093601 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Akiba, K.

K. Honda, D. Akamatsu, M. Arikawa, Y. Yokoi, K. Akiba, S. Nagatsuka, T. Tanimura, A. Furusawa, and M. Kozuma, "Storage and Retrieval of a Squeezed Vacuum," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100,093601 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appel, J.

J. Appel, E. Figueroa, D. Korystov, M. Lobino, and A. I. Lvovsky, "Quantum Memory for Squeezed Light," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100,093602 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Arikawa, M.

K. Honda, D. Akamatsu, M. Arikawa, Y. Yokoi, K. Akiba, S. Nagatsuka, T. Tanimura, A. Furusawa, and M. Kozuma, "Storage and Retrieval of a Squeezed Vacuum," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100,093601 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bachor, H.-A.

M. T. L. Hsu, G. Hétet, A. Peng, C. C. Harb, H.-A. Bachor, M. T. Johnsson, J. J. Hope, P. K. Lam, A. Dantan, J. Cviklinski, A. Bramati, and M. Pinard, "Effect of atomic noise on optical squeezing via polarization self-rotation in a thermal vapor cell," Phys. Rev. A 73,023806 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bachor, H-A.

G. Hétet, O. Glockl, K. A. Pilypas, C. C. Harb, B. C. Buchler, H-A. Bachor, and P. K. Lam, "Squeezed light for bandwidth-limited atom optics experiments at the rubidium D1 line," J. Phys. B 40,221-226 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bergamini, S.

J. Dingjan, B. Darquié, J. Beugnon, M. P. A. Jones, S. Bergamini, G. Messin, A. Browaeys, P. Grangier, "A frequency-doubled laser system producing ns pulses for rubidium manipulation," Appl. Phys. B 82,47-51 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Berman, P. R.

J.-L. Le Gouët and P. R. Berman, "Raman scheme for adjustable-bandwidth quantum memory," Phys. Rev. A 80,012320 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Beugnon, J.

J. Dingjan, B. Darquié, J. Beugnon, M. P. A. Jones, S. Bergamini, G. Messin, A. Browaeys, P. Grangier, "A frequency-doubled laser system producing ns pulses for rubidium manipulation," Appl. Phys. B 82,47-51 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Boyd, R.W.

Boyer, V.

Bramati, A.

S. Burks, J. Ortalo, A. Chiummo, X. Jia, F. Villa, A. Bramati, J. Laurat, and E. Giacobino, "Vacuum squeezed light for atomic memories at the D2 cesium line," Opt. Express 17,3777-3781 (2009)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. T. L. Hsu, G. Hétet, A. Peng, C. C. Harb, H.-A. Bachor, M. T. Johnsson, J. J. Hope, P. K. Lam, A. Dantan, J. Cviklinski, A. Bramati, and M. Pinard, "Effect of atomic noise on optical squeezing via polarization self-rotation in a thermal vapor cell," Phys. Rev. A 73,023806 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. Josse, A. Dantan, L. Vernac, A. Bramati, M. Pinard, and E. Giacobino, "Polarization squeezing with cold atoms," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91,103601 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brezger, B.

J. Ries, B. Brezger, and A. I. Lvovsky, "Experimental vacuum squeezing in rubidium vapor via self rotation," Phys. Rev. A 68,025801(2003).
[CrossRef]

Briegel, H. J.

H. J. Briegel, W. Dür, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, "Quantum Repeaters: The Role of Imperfect Local Operations in Quantum Communication," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81,5932-5935 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Browaeys, A.

J. Dingjan, B. Darquié, J. Beugnon, M. P. A. Jones, S. Bergamini, G. Messin, A. Browaeys, P. Grangier, "A frequency-doubled laser system producing ns pulses for rubidium manipulation," Appl. Phys. B 82,47-51 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Buchler, B.

Buchler, B. C.

G. Hétet, O. Glockl, K. A. Pilypas, C. C. Harb, B. C. Buchler, H-A. Bachor, and P. K. Lam, "Squeezed light for bandwidth-limited atom optics experiments at the rubidium D1 line," J. Phys. B 40,221-226 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Budker, D.

A. B. Matsko, I. Novikova, G. R. Welch, D. Budker, D. F. Kimball, and S. M. Rochester, "Vacuum squeezing in atomic media via self-rotation," Phys. Rev. A 66,043815 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Burks, S.

Caballero, J. M.

A. Predojević, Z. Zhai, J. M. Caballero, and M.W. Mitchell, "Rubidium resonant squeezed light from a diode-pumped optical-parametric oscillator," Phys. Rev. A 78,063820 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Carri, J.

E. S. Polzik, J. Carri, and H. J. Kimble, "Spectroscopy with squeezed light," Phys. Rev. Lett. 68,3020-3023 (1992)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chiummo, A.

Cirac, J. I.

H. J. Briegel, W. Dür, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, "Quantum Repeaters: The Role of Imperfect Local Operations in Quantum Communication," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81,5932-5935 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Cviklinski, J.

M. T. L. Hsu, G. Hétet, A. Peng, C. C. Harb, H.-A. Bachor, M. T. Johnsson, J. J. Hope, P. K. Lam, A. Dantan, J. Cviklinski, A. Bramati, and M. Pinard, "Effect of atomic noise on optical squeezing via polarization self-rotation in a thermal vapor cell," Phys. Rev. A 73,023806 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Dantan, A.

A. Ourjoumtsev, A. Dantan, R. Tualle-Brouri, and P. Grangier, "Increasing Entanglement between Gaussian States by Coherent Photon Subtraction," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98,030502 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. T. L. Hsu, G. Hétet, A. Peng, C. C. Harb, H.-A. Bachor, M. T. Johnsson, J. J. Hope, P. K. Lam, A. Dantan, J. Cviklinski, A. Bramati, and M. Pinard, "Effect of atomic noise on optical squeezing via polarization self-rotation in a thermal vapor cell," Phys. Rev. A 73,023806 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. Josse, A. Dantan, L. Vernac, A. Bramati, M. Pinard, and E. Giacobino, "Polarization squeezing with cold atoms," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91,103601 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Darquié, B.

J. Dingjan, B. Darquié, J. Beugnon, M. P. A. Jones, S. Bergamini, G. Messin, A. Browaeys, P. Grangier, "A frequency-doubled laser system producing ns pulses for rubidium manipulation," Appl. Phys. B 82,47-51 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Davis, W. V.

Dingjan, J.

J. Dingjan, B. Darquié, J. Beugnon, M. P. A. Jones, S. Bergamini, G. Messin, A. Browaeys, P. Grangier, "A frequency-doubled laser system producing ns pulses for rubidium manipulation," Appl. Phys. B 82,47-51 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Dür, W.

H. J. Briegel, W. Dür, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, "Quantum Repeaters: The Role of Imperfect Local Operations in Quantum Communication," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81,5932-5935 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Failache, H.

A. Lezama, P. Valente, H. Failache, M. Martinelli, and P. Nussenzveig, "Numerical investigation of the quantum fluctuations of optical fields transmitted through an atomic medium," Phys. Rev. A 77,013806 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fernholz, T.

Figueroa, E.

J. Appel, E. Figueroa, D. Korystov, M. Lobino, and A. I. Lvovsky, "Quantum Memory for Squeezed Light," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100,093602 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Furusawa, A.

K. Honda, D. Akamatsu, M. Arikawa, Y. Yokoi, K. Akiba, S. Nagatsuka, T. Tanimura, A. Furusawa, and M. Kozuma, "Storage and Retrieval of a Squeezed Vacuum," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100,093601 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gaeta, A. L.

Giacobino, E.

Glockl, O.

G. Hétet, O. Glockl, K. A. Pilypas, C. C. Harb, B. C. Buchler, H-A. Bachor, and P. K. Lam, "Squeezed light for bandwidth-limited atom optics experiments at the rubidium D1 line," J. Phys. B 40,221-226 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Grangier, P.

A. Ourjoumtsev, A. Dantan, R. Tualle-Brouri, and P. Grangier, "Increasing Entanglement between Gaussian States by Coherent Photon Subtraction," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98,030502 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Dingjan, B. Darquié, J. Beugnon, M. P. A. Jones, S. Bergamini, G. Messin, A. Browaeys, P. Grangier, "A frequency-doubled laser system producing ns pulses for rubidium manipulation," Appl. Phys. B 82,47-51 (2005).
[CrossRef]

B. Yurke, P. Grangier, R. E. Slusher, and M. J. Potasek, "Generating and detecting short-duration pulses of squeezed light," Phys. Rev. A 35,3586-3589 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. E. Slusher, P. Grangier, A. LaPorta, B. Yurke, and M. J. Potasek, "Pulsed squeezed light," Phys. Rev. Lett. 59,2566-2569 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Grangier, R. E. Slusher, B. Yurke, and A. LaPorta, "Squeezed-light enhanced polarization interferometer," Phys. Rev. Lett. 59,2153-2156 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Harb, C. C.

G. Hétet, O. Glockl, K. A. Pilypas, C. C. Harb, B. C. Buchler, H-A. Bachor, and P. K. Lam, "Squeezed light for bandwidth-limited atom optics experiments at the rubidium D1 line," J. Phys. B 40,221-226 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. T. L. Hsu, G. Hétet, A. Peng, C. C. Harb, H.-A. Bachor, M. T. Johnsson, J. J. Hope, P. K. Lam, A. Dantan, J. Cviklinski, A. Bramati, and M. Pinard, "Effect of atomic noise on optical squeezing via polarization self-rotation in a thermal vapor cell," Phys. Rev. A 73,023806 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Haus, H. A.

Hétet, G.

G. Hétet, M. Hosseini, B. Sparkes, D. Oblak, P. Lam, and B. Buchler, "Photon echoes generated by reversing magnetic field gradients in a rubidium vapor," Opt. Lett. 33,2323-2325 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Hétet, O. Glockl, K. A. Pilypas, C. C. Harb, B. C. Buchler, H-A. Bachor, and P. K. Lam, "Squeezed light for bandwidth-limited atom optics experiments at the rubidium D1 line," J. Phys. B 40,221-226 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. T. L. Hsu, G. Hétet, A. Peng, C. C. Harb, H.-A. Bachor, M. T. Johnsson, J. J. Hope, P. K. Lam, A. Dantan, J. Cviklinski, A. Bramati, and M. Pinard, "Effect of atomic noise on optical squeezing via polarization self-rotation in a thermal vapor cell," Phys. Rev. A 73,023806 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hollberg, L. W.

R. E. Slusher, L. W. Hollberg, B. Yurke, J. C. Mertz, and J. F. Valley, "Observation of Squeezed States Generated by Four-Wave Mixing in an Optical Cavity," Phys. Rev. Lett. 55,2409-2412 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Honda, K.

K. Honda, D. Akamatsu, M. Arikawa, Y. Yokoi, K. Akiba, S. Nagatsuka, T. Tanimura, A. Furusawa, and M. Kozuma, "Storage and Retrieval of a Squeezed Vacuum," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100,093601 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hope, J. J.

M. T. L. Hsu, G. Hétet, A. Peng, C. C. Harb, H.-A. Bachor, M. T. Johnsson, J. J. Hope, P. K. Lam, A. Dantan, J. Cviklinski, A. Bramati, and M. Pinard, "Effect of atomic noise on optical squeezing via polarization self-rotation in a thermal vapor cell," Phys. Rev. A 73,023806 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hosseini, M.

Hsu, M. T. L.

M. T. L. Hsu, G. Hétet, A. Peng, C. C. Harb, H.-A. Bachor, M. T. Johnsson, J. J. Hope, P. K. Lam, A. Dantan, J. Cviklinski, A. Bramati, and M. Pinard, "Effect of atomic noise on optical squeezing via polarization self-rotation in a thermal vapor cell," Phys. Rev. A 73,023806 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ippen, E. P.

Jensen, K.

Jia, X.

Johnsson, M. T.

M. T. L. Hsu, G. Hétet, A. Peng, C. C. Harb, H.-A. Bachor, M. T. Johnsson, J. J. Hope, P. K. Lam, A. Dantan, J. Cviklinski, A. Bramati, and M. Pinard, "Effect of atomic noise on optical squeezing via polarization self-rotation in a thermal vapor cell," Phys. Rev. A 73,023806 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jones, K. M.

Jones, M. P. A.

J. Dingjan, B. Darquié, J. Beugnon, M. P. A. Jones, S. Bergamini, G. Messin, A. Browaeys, P. Grangier, "A frequency-doubled laser system producing ns pulses for rubidium manipulation," Appl. Phys. B 82,47-51 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Josse, V.

V. Josse, A. Dantan, L. Vernac, A. Bramati, M. Pinard, and E. Giacobino, "Polarization squeezing with cold atoms," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91,103601 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kimball, D. F.

A. B. Matsko, I. Novikova, G. R. Welch, D. Budker, D. F. Kimball, and S. M. Rochester, "Vacuum squeezing in atomic media via self-rotation," Phys. Rev. A 66,043815 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kimble, H. J.

E. S. Polzik, J. Carri, and H. J. Kimble, "Spectroscopy with squeezed light," Phys. Rev. Lett. 68,3020-3023 (1992)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Korystov, D.

J. Appel, E. Figueroa, D. Korystov, M. Lobino, and A. I. Lvovsky, "Quantum Memory for Squeezed Light," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100,093602 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kozuma, M.

K. Honda, D. Akamatsu, M. Arikawa, Y. Yokoi, K. Akiba, S. Nagatsuka, T. Tanimura, A. Furusawa, and M. Kozuma, "Storage and Retrieval of a Squeezed Vacuum," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100,093601 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krauter, H.

Lam, P.

Lam, P. K.

G. Hétet, O. Glockl, K. A. Pilypas, C. C. Harb, B. C. Buchler, H-A. Bachor, and P. K. Lam, "Squeezed light for bandwidth-limited atom optics experiments at the rubidium D1 line," J. Phys. B 40,221-226 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. T. L. Hsu, G. Hétet, A. Peng, C. C. Harb, H.-A. Bachor, M. T. Johnsson, J. J. Hope, P. K. Lam, A. Dantan, J. Cviklinski, A. Bramati, and M. Pinard, "Effect of atomic noise on optical squeezing via polarization self-rotation in a thermal vapor cell," Phys. Rev. A 73,023806 (2006).
[CrossRef]

LaPorta, A.

P. Grangier, R. E. Slusher, B. Yurke, and A. LaPorta, "Squeezed-light enhanced polarization interferometer," Phys. Rev. Lett. 59,2153-2156 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. E. Slusher, P. Grangier, A. LaPorta, B. Yurke, and M. J. Potasek, "Pulsed squeezed light," Phys. Rev. Lett. 59,2566-2569 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Laurat, J.

Le Gouët, J.-L.

J.-L. Le Gouët and P. R. Berman, "Raman scheme for adjustable-bandwidth quantum memory," Phys. Rev. A 80,012320 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lett, P. D.

Lezama, A.

E. E. Mikhailov, A. Lezama, T. W. Noel, and I. Novikova, "Vacuum squeezing via polarization self rotation and excess noise in hot Rb vapors," J. Mod. Opt. 56,1985-1992 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Lezama, P. Valente, H. Failache, M. Martinelli, and P. Nussenzveig, "Numerical investigation of the quantum fluctuations of optical fields transmitted through an atomic medium," Phys. Rev. A 77,013806 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lobino, M.

J. Appel, E. Figueroa, D. Korystov, M. Lobino, and A. I. Lvovsky, "Quantum Memory for Squeezed Light," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100,093602 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lvovsky, A. I.

J. Appel, E. Figueroa, D. Korystov, M. Lobino, and A. I. Lvovsky, "Quantum Memory for Squeezed Light," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100,093602 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Ries, B. Brezger, and A. I. Lvovsky, "Experimental vacuum squeezing in rubidium vapor via self rotation," Phys. Rev. A 68,025801(2003).
[CrossRef]

Madsen, L.

Margalit, M.

Marino, A. M.

Martinelli, M.

A. Lezama, P. Valente, H. Failache, M. Martinelli, and P. Nussenzveig, "Numerical investigation of the quantum fluctuations of optical fields transmitted through an atomic medium," Phys. Rev. A 77,013806 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Matsko, A. B.

A. B. Matsko, I. Novikova, G. R. Welch, D. Budker, D. F. Kimball, and S. M. Rochester, "Vacuum squeezing in atomic media via self-rotation," Phys. Rev. A 66,043815 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Mertz, J. C.

R. E. Slusher, L. W. Hollberg, B. Yurke, J. C. Mertz, and J. F. Valley, "Observation of Squeezed States Generated by Four-Wave Mixing in an Optical Cavity," Phys. Rev. Lett. 55,2409-2412 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Messin, G.

J. Dingjan, B. Darquié, J. Beugnon, M. P. A. Jones, S. Bergamini, G. Messin, A. Browaeys, P. Grangier, "A frequency-doubled laser system producing ns pulses for rubidium manipulation," Appl. Phys. B 82,47-51 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mikhailov, E. E.

E. E. Mikhailov, A. Lezama, T. W. Noel, and I. Novikova, "Vacuum squeezing via polarization self rotation and excess noise in hot Rb vapors," J. Mod. Opt. 56,1985-1992 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. E. Mikhailov and I. Novikova, "Low-frequency vacuum squeezing via polarization self-rotation in Rb vapor," Opt. Lett. 33,1213-1215 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mitchell, M.W.

A. Predojević, Z. Zhai, J. M. Caballero, and M.W. Mitchell, "Rubidium resonant squeezed light from a diode-pumped optical-parametric oscillator," Phys. Rev. A 78,063820 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Muschik, C.

Nagatsuka, S.

K. Honda, D. Akamatsu, M. Arikawa, Y. Yokoi, K. Akiba, S. Nagatsuka, T. Tanimura, A. Furusawa, and M. Kozuma, "Storage and Retrieval of a Squeezed Vacuum," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100,093601 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Noel, T. W.

E. E. Mikhailov, A. Lezama, T. W. Noel, and I. Novikova, "Vacuum squeezing via polarization self rotation and excess noise in hot Rb vapors," J. Mod. Opt. 56,1985-1992 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Novikova, I.

E. E. Mikhailov, A. Lezama, T. W. Noel, and I. Novikova, "Vacuum squeezing via polarization self rotation and excess noise in hot Rb vapors," J. Mod. Opt. 56,1985-1992 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. E. Mikhailov and I. Novikova, "Low-frequency vacuum squeezing via polarization self-rotation in Rb vapor," Opt. Lett. 33,1213-1215 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. B. Matsko, I. Novikova, G. R. Welch, D. Budker, D. F. Kimball, and S. M. Rochester, "Vacuum squeezing in atomic media via self-rotation," Phys. Rev. A 66,043815 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Nussenzveig, P.

A. Lezama, P. Valente, H. Failache, M. Martinelli, and P. Nussenzveig, "Numerical investigation of the quantum fluctuations of optical fields transmitted through an atomic medium," Phys. Rev. A 77,013806 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Oblak, D.

Ortalo, J.

Ourjoumtsev, A.

A. Ourjoumtsev, A. Dantan, R. Tualle-Brouri, and P. Grangier, "Increasing Entanglement between Gaussian States by Coherent Photon Subtraction," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98,030502 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Peng, A.

M. T. L. Hsu, G. Hétet, A. Peng, C. C. Harb, H.-A. Bachor, M. T. Johnsson, J. J. Hope, P. K. Lam, A. Dantan, J. Cviklinski, A. Bramati, and M. Pinard, "Effect of atomic noise on optical squeezing via polarization self-rotation in a thermal vapor cell," Phys. Rev. A 73,023806 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Pilypas, K. A.

G. Hétet, O. Glockl, K. A. Pilypas, C. C. Harb, B. C. Buchler, H-A. Bachor, and P. K. Lam, "Squeezed light for bandwidth-limited atom optics experiments at the rubidium D1 line," J. Phys. B 40,221-226 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Pinard, M.

M. T. L. Hsu, G. Hétet, A. Peng, C. C. Harb, H.-A. Bachor, M. T. Johnsson, J. J. Hope, P. K. Lam, A. Dantan, J. Cviklinski, A. Bramati, and M. Pinard, "Effect of atomic noise on optical squeezing via polarization self-rotation in a thermal vapor cell," Phys. Rev. A 73,023806 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. Josse, A. Dantan, L. Vernac, A. Bramati, M. Pinard, and E. Giacobino, "Polarization squeezing with cold atoms," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91,103601 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Polzik, E.

Polzik, E. S.

E. S. Polzik, J. Carri, and H. J. Kimble, "Spectroscopy with squeezed light," Phys. Rev. Lett. 68,3020-3023 (1992)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pooser, R. C.

Potasek, M. J.

R. E. Slusher, P. Grangier, A. LaPorta, B. Yurke, and M. J. Potasek, "Pulsed squeezed light," Phys. Rev. Lett. 59,2566-2569 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Yurke, P. Grangier, R. E. Slusher, and M. J. Potasek, "Generating and detecting short-duration pulses of squeezed light," Phys. Rev. A 35,3586-3589 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Predojevic, A.

A. Predojević, Z. Zhai, J. M. Caballero, and M.W. Mitchell, "Rubidium resonant squeezed light from a diode-pumped optical-parametric oscillator," Phys. Rev. A 78,063820 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ries, J.

J. Ries, B. Brezger, and A. I. Lvovsky, "Experimental vacuum squeezing in rubidium vapor via self rotation," Phys. Rev. A 68,025801(2003).
[CrossRef]

Rochester, S. M.

A. B. Matsko, I. Novikova, G. R. Welch, D. Budker, D. F. Kimball, and S. M. Rochester, "Vacuum squeezing in atomic media via self-rotation," Phys. Rev. A 66,043815 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Saleh, B. E.

B. E. Saleh and M. C. Teich, "Can the channel capacity of a light-wave communication system be increased by the use of photon-number squeezed light?" Phys. Rev. Lett. 58,2656-2659 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Slusher, R. E.

P. Grangier, R. E. Slusher, B. Yurke, and A. LaPorta, "Squeezed-light enhanced polarization interferometer," Phys. Rev. Lett. 59,2153-2156 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. E. Slusher, P. Grangier, A. LaPorta, B. Yurke, and M. J. Potasek, "Pulsed squeezed light," Phys. Rev. Lett. 59,2566-2569 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Yurke, P. Grangier, R. E. Slusher, and M. J. Potasek, "Generating and detecting short-duration pulses of squeezed light," Phys. Rev. A 35,3586-3589 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. E. Slusher, L. W. Hollberg, B. Yurke, J. C. Mertz, and J. F. Valley, "Observation of Squeezed States Generated by Four-Wave Mixing in an Optical Cavity," Phys. Rev. Lett. 55,2409-2412 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sparkes, B.

Tanimura, T.

K. Honda, D. Akamatsu, M. Arikawa, Y. Yokoi, K. Akiba, S. Nagatsuka, T. Tanimura, A. Furusawa, and M. Kozuma, "Storage and Retrieval of a Squeezed Vacuum," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100,093601 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Teich, M. C.

B. E. Saleh and M. C. Teich, "Can the channel capacity of a light-wave communication system be increased by the use of photon-number squeezed light?" Phys. Rev. Lett. 58,2656-2659 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tualle-Brouri, R.

A. Ourjoumtsev, A. Dantan, R. Tualle-Brouri, and P. Grangier, "Increasing Entanglement between Gaussian States by Coherent Photon Subtraction," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98,030502 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Valente, P.

A. Lezama, P. Valente, H. Failache, M. Martinelli, and P. Nussenzveig, "Numerical investigation of the quantum fluctuations of optical fields transmitted through an atomic medium," Phys. Rev. A 77,013806 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Valley, J. F.

R. E. Slusher, L. W. Hollberg, B. Yurke, J. C. Mertz, and J. F. Valley, "Observation of Squeezed States Generated by Four-Wave Mixing in an Optical Cavity," Phys. Rev. Lett. 55,2409-2412 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vernac, L.

V. Josse, A. Dantan, L. Vernac, A. Bramati, M. Pinard, and E. Giacobino, "Polarization squeezing with cold atoms," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91,103601 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Villa, F.

Wasilewski, W.

Welch, G. R.

A. B. Matsko, I. Novikova, G. R. Welch, D. Budker, D. F. Kimball, and S. M. Rochester, "Vacuum squeezing in atomic media via self-rotation," Phys. Rev. A 66,043815 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yokoi, Y.

K. Honda, D. Akamatsu, M. Arikawa, Y. Yokoi, K. Akiba, S. Nagatsuka, T. Tanimura, A. Furusawa, and M. Kozuma, "Storage and Retrieval of a Squeezed Vacuum," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100,093601 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yu, C. X.

Yurke, B.

B. Yurke, P. Grangier, R. E. Slusher, and M. J. Potasek, "Generating and detecting short-duration pulses of squeezed light," Phys. Rev. A 35,3586-3589 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. E. Slusher, P. Grangier, A. LaPorta, B. Yurke, and M. J. Potasek, "Pulsed squeezed light," Phys. Rev. Lett. 59,2566-2569 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Grangier, R. E. Slusher, B. Yurke, and A. LaPorta, "Squeezed-light enhanced polarization interferometer," Phys. Rev. Lett. 59,2153-2156 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. E. Slusher, L. W. Hollberg, B. Yurke, J. C. Mertz, and J. F. Valley, "Observation of Squeezed States Generated by Four-Wave Mixing in an Optical Cavity," Phys. Rev. Lett. 55,2409-2412 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhai, Z.

A. Predojević, Z. Zhai, J. M. Caballero, and M.W. Mitchell, "Rubidium resonant squeezed light from a diode-pumped optical-parametric oscillator," Phys. Rev. A 78,063820 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zoller, P.

H. J. Briegel, W. Dür, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, "Quantum Repeaters: The Role of Imperfect Local Operations in Quantum Communication," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81,5932-5935 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

J. Dingjan, B. Darquié, J. Beugnon, M. P. A. Jones, S. Bergamini, G. Messin, A. Browaeys, P. Grangier, "A frequency-doubled laser system producing ns pulses for rubidium manipulation," Appl. Phys. B 82,47-51 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

E. E. Mikhailov, A. Lezama, T. W. Noel, and I. Novikova, "Vacuum squeezing via polarization self rotation and excess noise in hot Rb vapors," J. Mod. Opt. 56,1985-1992 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. B (1)

G. Hétet, O. Glockl, K. A. Pilypas, C. C. Harb, B. C. Buchler, H-A. Bachor, and P. K. Lam, "Squeezed light for bandwidth-limited atom optics experiments at the rubidium D1 line," J. Phys. B 40,221-226 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. A (7)

B. Yurke, P. Grangier, R. E. Slusher, and M. J. Potasek, "Generating and detecting short-duration pulses of squeezed light," Phys. Rev. A 35,3586-3589 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Predojević, Z. Zhai, J. M. Caballero, and M.W. Mitchell, "Rubidium resonant squeezed light from a diode-pumped optical-parametric oscillator," Phys. Rev. A 78,063820 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. B. Matsko, I. Novikova, G. R. Welch, D. Budker, D. F. Kimball, and S. M. Rochester, "Vacuum squeezing in atomic media via self-rotation," Phys. Rev. A 66,043815 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. T. L. Hsu, G. Hétet, A. Peng, C. C. Harb, H.-A. Bachor, M. T. Johnsson, J. J. Hope, P. K. Lam, A. Dantan, J. Cviklinski, A. Bramati, and M. Pinard, "Effect of atomic noise on optical squeezing via polarization self-rotation in a thermal vapor cell," Phys. Rev. A 73,023806 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Lezama, P. Valente, H. Failache, M. Martinelli, and P. Nussenzveig, "Numerical investigation of the quantum fluctuations of optical fields transmitted through an atomic medium," Phys. Rev. A 77,013806 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Ries, B. Brezger, and A. I. Lvovsky, "Experimental vacuum squeezing in rubidium vapor via self rotation," Phys. Rev. A 68,025801(2003).
[CrossRef]

J.-L. Le Gouët and P. R. Berman, "Raman scheme for adjustable-bandwidth quantum memory," Phys. Rev. A 80,012320 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (10)

R. E. Slusher, P. Grangier, A. LaPorta, B. Yurke, and M. J. Potasek, "Pulsed squeezed light," Phys. Rev. Lett. 59,2566-2569 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Josse, A. Dantan, L. Vernac, A. Bramati, M. Pinard, and E. Giacobino, "Polarization squeezing with cold atoms," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91,103601 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Ourjoumtsev, A. Dantan, R. Tualle-Brouri, and P. Grangier, "Increasing Entanglement between Gaussian States by Coherent Photon Subtraction," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98,030502 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. S. Polzik, J. Carri, and H. J. Kimble, "Spectroscopy with squeezed light," Phys. Rev. Lett. 68,3020-3023 (1992)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Honda, D. Akamatsu, M. Arikawa, Y. Yokoi, K. Akiba, S. Nagatsuka, T. Tanimura, A. Furusawa, and M. Kozuma, "Storage and Retrieval of a Squeezed Vacuum," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100,093601 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Appel, E. Figueroa, D. Korystov, M. Lobino, and A. I. Lvovsky, "Quantum Memory for Squeezed Light," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100,093602 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. J. Briegel, W. Dür, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, "Quantum Repeaters: The Role of Imperfect Local Operations in Quantum Communication," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81,5932-5935 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. E. Slusher, L. W. Hollberg, B. Yurke, J. C. Mertz, and J. F. Valley, "Observation of Squeezed States Generated by Four-Wave Mixing in an Optical Cavity," Phys. Rev. Lett. 55,2409-2412 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Grangier, R. E. Slusher, B. Yurke, and A. LaPorta, "Squeezed-light enhanced polarization interferometer," Phys. Rev. Lett. 59,2153-2156 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. E. Saleh and M. C. Teich, "Can the channel capacity of a light-wave communication system be increased by the use of photon-number squeezed light?" Phys. Rev. Lett. 58,2656-2659 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

N. J. Cerf, G. Leuchs, and E. S. Polzik, Quantum Information with Continuous Variables of Atoms and Light (Imperial College Press, London, 2007).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental setup: A titanium-sapphire laser is polarization purified and sent to the squeezing cell. The squeezed vacuum is separated from the main pump via a polarization beam splitter (PBS), and the pump, now used as a local oscillator, is attenuated and re-mixed with the squeezed vacuum on a beam splitter and sent into an amplified balanced detector.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Output noise level as a function local oscillator phase (piezoelectric transducer voltage). The squeezed quadrature is at -1.4 dB below the shot noise while the anti-squeezed quadrature is at +6.0 dB. (b) Squeezing as a function of blue-detuning from the F = 2 → F′ = 2 transition at P= 140 mW.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Squeezing as a function of detuning for different pump powers. The two vertical lines indicate the F = 2 → F′ = 2 and the F = 2 → F′ = 1 transitions.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) Noise spectrum with laser tuned on resonance with the 85Rb F = 3 → F′ transition. (b) Squeezing as a function of detection frequency.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

(a) Output of homodyne detection with squeezed vacuum port blocked showing the (200 ns) pulse spectrum in frequency domain. The detection is shot-noise limited between the modulation peaks. (b) Noise level at 2.7 MHz detection frequency showing ≈ -1.0 dB of squeezing.

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