Abstract

We demonstrate a new and compact ϕ-plane-pumped non-collinear optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification (NOPCPA) scheme for broadband pulse amplification, which is based on two-beam-pumping (TBP) at 532 nm. We employ type-I phase-matching in a 5 mm long BBO crystal with moderate pump intensities to preserve the temporal pulse contrast. Amplification and compression of the signal pulse from 675 nm - 970 nm is demonstrated, which results in the generation of 7.1-fs light pulses containing 0.35 mJ energy. In this context, we investigate the pump-to-signal energy conversion efficiency for TBP-NOPCPA and outline details for few-cycle pulse characterization. Furthermore, it is verified, that the interference at the intersection of the two pump beams does not degrade the signal beam spatial profile. It is theoretically shown that the accumulated OPA phase partially compensates for wave-vector mismatch and leads to extended broadband amplification. The experimental outcome is supported by numerical split-step simulations of the parametric signal gain, including pump depletion and parametric fluorescence.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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  28. A. Kurtinaitis, A. Dementjev, and F. Ivanauskas, "Modeling of Pulse Propagation factor Changes in Type II Second-Harmonic Generation," Nonl. Anal.: Modelling and Control 6, 51-69 (2001).
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2009 (3)

F. Krausz and M. Ivanov, "Attosecond physics," Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 163-234 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. Schmid, L. Veisz, F. Tavella, S. Benavides, R. Tautz, D. Herrmann, A. Buck, B. Hidding, A. Marcinkevičius, U. Schramm, M. Geissler, J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, D. Habs, and F. Krausz, "Few-Cycle Laser-Driven Electron Acceleration," Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 124801 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Herrmann, L. Veisz, R. Tautz, F. Tavella, K. Schmid, V. Pervak, and F. Krausz, "Generation of sub-three cycle, 16 TW light pulses by using noncollinear optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification," Opt. Lett. 34, 2459-2461 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (3)

G. Tamošauskas, A. Dubietis, G. Valiulis, and A. Piskarskas, "Optical parametric amplifier pumped by two mutually incoherent laser beams," Appl. Phys. B 91, 305307 (2008).

D. Polli, M. R. Antognazza, D. Brida, G. Lanzani, G. Cerullo, and S. De Silvestri, "Broadband pump-probe spectroscopy with sub-10-fs resolution for probing ultrafast internal conversion and coherent phonons in carotenoids," Chem. Phys. 350, 45-55 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. Brida, G. Cirmi, C. Manzoni, S. Bonora, P. Villoresi, S. De Silvestri, and G. Cerulo, "Sub-two-cycle light pulses at 1.6μm from an optical parametric amplifier", Opt. Lett. 33, 741-743 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (2)

S. Witte, R. T. Zinkstok, W. Hogervorst, and K. S. E. Eikema, "Numerical simulation for performance optimization of a few-cycle terawatt NOPCPA system," Appl. Phys. B 87, 677684 (2007).
[CrossRef]

F. Tavella, Y. Nomura, L. Veisz, V. Pervak, A. Marcinkevičius, and F. Krausz, "Dispersion management for a sub-10-fs, 10 TW optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier," Opt. Lett. 32, 2227-2229 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (4)

A. Dubietis, R. Butkus, and A. Piskarskas, "Trends in chirped pulse optical parametric amplification," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 163-172 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Witte, R. T. Zinkstok, A. L. Wolf, W. Hogervorst, W. Ubachs, and K. S. E. Eikema, "A source of 2 terawatt, 2.7 cycle laser pulses based on noncollinear optical parametric chirped pulse amplification," Opt. Express 14, 8168-8177 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. D. Tsakiris, K. Eidmann, J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, and F. Krausz, "Route to intense single attosecond pulses," New J. Phys. 8 (2006) 19.
[CrossRef]

F. Tavella, A. Marcinkevičius, and F. Krausz, "Investigation of the superfluorescence and signal amplification in an ultrabroadband multiterawatt optical parametric chirped pulse amplifier system," New J. Phys. 8 (2006) 219.
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

F. Tavella, K. Schmid, N. Ishii, A. Marcinkevičius, L. Veisz, and F. Krausz, "High-dynamic range pulse-contrast measurements of a broadband optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier," Appl. Phys. B 3, 753 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (3)

A. Dement’ev, O. Vrublevskaja, V. Girdauskas, and R. Kazragyte, "Numerical Analysis of Short Pulse Optical Parametric Amplification Using Type I Phase Matching," Nonl. Anal.: Modelling and Control 9, 39-53 (2004).

L. Hongjun, Z. Wei, C. Guofu, W. Yishan, C. Zhao, and R. Chi, "Investigation of spectral bandwidth of optical parametric amplification," Appl. Phys. B 79, 569576 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. Wang, Y. Leng, B. Zhao, Z. Zhang, Z. Xu, "Extremely broad gain spectra of two-beam-pumped optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier," Opt. Commun. 237, 169-177 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (3)

G. Cerullo and S. de Silvestri, "Ultrafast optical parametric amplifiers," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 1-18 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Baltuška, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakolev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Mashiko, A. Suda, and K. Midorikawa, "All-reflective interferometric autocorrelator for the measurement of ultra-short optical pulses," Appl. Phys. B 76, 525-530 (2003).

2002 (2)

E. Žeromskis, A. Dubietis, G. Tamošauskas, A. Piskarskas, "Gain bandwidth broadening of continuum-seeded optical parametric amplifier by use of two pump beams," Opt. Commun. 203, 435-440 (2002).
[CrossRef]

I. N. Ross, P. Matousek, G. H. C. New, and K. Osvay, "Analysis and optimization of optical parametric chirped pulse amplification," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2945-2956 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

A. Kurtinaitis, A. Dementjev, and F. Ivanauskas, "Modeling of Pulse Propagation factor Changes in Type II Second-Harmonic Generation," Nonl. Anal.: Modelling and Control 6, 51-69 (2001).

A. Picozzi and M. Haeltermann, "Influence of walk-off, dispersion, and diffraction on the coherence of parametric fluorescence," Phys. Rev. E,  63, 056611 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

T. Brabec and F. Krausz, "Intense few-cycle laser fields: Frontiers of nonlinear optics," Rev. Mod. Phys. 72, 545-591 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

A. Dubietis, R. Danielius, G. Tamošauskas, and A. Piskarskas, "Combining effect in a multiple-beam-pumped optical parametric amplifier," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 1135-1139 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. Marcinkevičius, A. Piskarskas, V. Smilgevičius, and A. Stabinis, "Parametric superfluorescence excited in a nonlinear crystal by two uncorrelated pump beams," Opt. Commun. 158, 101-104 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

A. Gatti, H. Wiedemann, L. A. Lugitao, and I. Marzoli, "Langevin treatment of quentum fluctuations and optical patterns in optical parametric oscillators below threshold," Phys. Rev. A,  56, 877-897 (1997).
[CrossRef]

G. Arisholm, "General numerical methods for simulating second-order nonlinear interactions in birefringent media," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 2543-2549 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

1992 (1)

A. Dubietis, G. Jonusauskas, and A. Piskarskas, "Powerful femtosecond pulse generation by chirped and stretched pulse parametric amplification in BBO crystal," Opt. Commun. 88, 437-440 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

A. Brun, P. Georges, G. Le Saux, and F. Salin, "Single-shot characterization of ultrashort light pulses," J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 24, 1225-1233 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

1979 (1)

R. A. Baumgartner and R. L. Byer, "Optical Parametric Amplification," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 15, 432-444 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1968 (1)

D. A. Kleinmann, "Theory of Optical Parametric Noise," Phys. Rev.,  174, 1027-1041 (1968).
[CrossRef]

1962 (1)

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, "Interactions between light waves in a nonlinear dielectric," Phys. Rev. 127, 1918-1939 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Antognazza, M. R.

D. Polli, M. R. Antognazza, D. Brida, G. Lanzani, G. Cerullo, and S. De Silvestri, "Broadband pump-probe spectroscopy with sub-10-fs resolution for probing ultrafast internal conversion and coherent phonons in carotenoids," Chem. Phys. 350, 45-55 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Arisholm, G.

Armstrong, J. A.

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, "Interactions between light waves in a nonlinear dielectric," Phys. Rev. 127, 1918-1939 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Baltuška, A.

A. Baltuška, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakolev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baumgartner, R. A.

R. A. Baumgartner and R. L. Byer, "Optical Parametric Amplification," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 15, 432-444 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Benavides, S.

K. Schmid, L. Veisz, F. Tavella, S. Benavides, R. Tautz, D. Herrmann, A. Buck, B. Hidding, A. Marcinkevičius, U. Schramm, M. Geissler, J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, D. Habs, and F. Krausz, "Few-Cycle Laser-Driven Electron Acceleration," Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 124801 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bloembergen, N.

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, "Interactions between light waves in a nonlinear dielectric," Phys. Rev. 127, 1918-1939 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Bonora, S.

Brabec, T.

T. Brabec and F. Krausz, "Intense few-cycle laser fields: Frontiers of nonlinear optics," Rev. Mod. Phys. 72, 545-591 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Brida, D.

D. Polli, M. R. Antognazza, D. Brida, G. Lanzani, G. Cerullo, and S. De Silvestri, "Broadband pump-probe spectroscopy with sub-10-fs resolution for probing ultrafast internal conversion and coherent phonons in carotenoids," Chem. Phys. 350, 45-55 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. Brida, G. Cirmi, C. Manzoni, S. Bonora, P. Villoresi, S. De Silvestri, and G. Cerulo, "Sub-two-cycle light pulses at 1.6μm from an optical parametric amplifier", Opt. Lett. 33, 741-743 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brun, A.

A. Brun, P. Georges, G. Le Saux, and F. Salin, "Single-shot characterization of ultrashort light pulses," J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 24, 1225-1233 (1991).
[CrossRef]

F. Salin, P. Georges, G. Roger, and A. Brun, "Single-shot measurement of a 52-fs pulse," Appl. Opt. 26, 4528-4531 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Buck, A.

K. Schmid, L. Veisz, F. Tavella, S. Benavides, R. Tautz, D. Herrmann, A. Buck, B. Hidding, A. Marcinkevičius, U. Schramm, M. Geissler, J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, D. Habs, and F. Krausz, "Few-Cycle Laser-Driven Electron Acceleration," Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 124801 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Butkus, R.

A. Dubietis, R. Butkus, and A. Piskarskas, "Trends in chirped pulse optical parametric amplification," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 163-172 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Byer, R. L.

R. A. Baumgartner and R. L. Byer, "Optical Parametric Amplification," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 15, 432-444 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Cerullo, G.

D. Polli, M. R. Antognazza, D. Brida, G. Lanzani, G. Cerullo, and S. De Silvestri, "Broadband pump-probe spectroscopy with sub-10-fs resolution for probing ultrafast internal conversion and coherent phonons in carotenoids," Chem. Phys. 350, 45-55 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. Cerullo and S. de Silvestri, "Ultrafast optical parametric amplifiers," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 1-18 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Cerulo, G.

Chi, R.

L. Hongjun, Z. Wei, C. Guofu, W. Yishan, C. Zhao, and R. Chi, "Investigation of spectral bandwidth of optical parametric amplification," Appl. Phys. B 79, 569576 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Cirmi, G.

Danielius, R.

De Silvestri, S.

D. Brida, G. Cirmi, C. Manzoni, S. Bonora, P. Villoresi, S. De Silvestri, and G. Cerulo, "Sub-two-cycle light pulses at 1.6μm from an optical parametric amplifier", Opt. Lett. 33, 741-743 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Polli, M. R. Antognazza, D. Brida, G. Lanzani, G. Cerullo, and S. De Silvestri, "Broadband pump-probe spectroscopy with sub-10-fs resolution for probing ultrafast internal conversion and coherent phonons in carotenoids," Chem. Phys. 350, 45-55 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. Cerullo and S. de Silvestri, "Ultrafast optical parametric amplifiers," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 1-18 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Dement’ev, A.

A. Dement’ev, O. Vrublevskaja, V. Girdauskas, and R. Kazragyte, "Numerical Analysis of Short Pulse Optical Parametric Amplification Using Type I Phase Matching," Nonl. Anal.: Modelling and Control 9, 39-53 (2004).

Dementjev, A.

A. Kurtinaitis, A. Dementjev, and F. Ivanauskas, "Modeling of Pulse Propagation factor Changes in Type II Second-Harmonic Generation," Nonl. Anal.: Modelling and Control 6, 51-69 (2001).

Dubietis, A.

G. Tamošauskas, A. Dubietis, G. Valiulis, and A. Piskarskas, "Optical parametric amplifier pumped by two mutually incoherent laser beams," Appl. Phys. B 91, 305307 (2008).

A. Dubietis, R. Butkus, and A. Piskarskas, "Trends in chirped pulse optical parametric amplification," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 163-172 (2006).
[CrossRef]

E. Žeromskis, A. Dubietis, G. Tamošauskas, A. Piskarskas, "Gain bandwidth broadening of continuum-seeded optical parametric amplifier by use of two pump beams," Opt. Commun. 203, 435-440 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Dubietis, R. Danielius, G. Tamošauskas, and A. Piskarskas, "Combining effect in a multiple-beam-pumped optical parametric amplifier," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 1135-1139 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. Dubietis, G. Jonusauskas, and A. Piskarskas, "Powerful femtosecond pulse generation by chirped and stretched pulse parametric amplification in BBO crystal," Opt. Commun. 88, 437-440 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Ducuing, J.

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, "Interactions between light waves in a nonlinear dielectric," Phys. Rev. 127, 1918-1939 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Eidmann, K.

G. D. Tsakiris, K. Eidmann, J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, and F. Krausz, "Route to intense single attosecond pulses," New J. Phys. 8 (2006) 19.
[CrossRef]

Eikema, K. S. E.

S. Witte, R. T. Zinkstok, W. Hogervorst, and K. S. E. Eikema, "Numerical simulation for performance optimization of a few-cycle terawatt NOPCPA system," Appl. Phys. B 87, 677684 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Witte, R. T. Zinkstok, A. L. Wolf, W. Hogervorst, W. Ubachs, and K. S. E. Eikema, "A source of 2 terawatt, 2.7 cycle laser pulses based on noncollinear optical parametric chirped pulse amplification," Opt. Express 14, 8168-8177 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Földes, I. B.

R. Hörlein, Y. Nomura, D. Herrmann, M. Stafe, I. B. Földes, S. G. Rykovanov, F. Tavella, A. Marcinkevičius, F. Krausz, L. Veisz, and G. D. Tsakiris, "Few-cycle harmonic emission from solid density plasmas," (in preparation).

Gatti, A.

A. Gatti, H. Wiedemann, L. A. Lugitao, and I. Marzoli, "Langevin treatment of quentum fluctuations and optical patterns in optical parametric oscillators below threshold," Phys. Rev. A,  56, 877-897 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Geissler, M.

K. Schmid, L. Veisz, F. Tavella, S. Benavides, R. Tautz, D. Herrmann, A. Buck, B. Hidding, A. Marcinkevičius, U. Schramm, M. Geissler, J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, D. Habs, and F. Krausz, "Few-Cycle Laser-Driven Electron Acceleration," Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 124801 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Georges, P.

A. Brun, P. Georges, G. Le Saux, and F. Salin, "Single-shot characterization of ultrashort light pulses," J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 24, 1225-1233 (1991).
[CrossRef]

F. Salin, P. Georges, G. Roger, and A. Brun, "Single-shot measurement of a 52-fs pulse," Appl. Opt. 26, 4528-4531 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Girdauskas, V.

A. Dement’ev, O. Vrublevskaja, V. Girdauskas, and R. Kazragyte, "Numerical Analysis of Short Pulse Optical Parametric Amplification Using Type I Phase Matching," Nonl. Anal.: Modelling and Control 9, 39-53 (2004).

Gohle, Ch.

A. Baltuška, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakolev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Goulielmakis, E.

A. Baltuška, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakolev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Guofu, C.

L. Hongjun, Z. Wei, C. Guofu, W. Yishan, C. Zhao, and R. Chi, "Investigation of spectral bandwidth of optical parametric amplification," Appl. Phys. B 79, 569576 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Habs, D.

K. Schmid, L. Veisz, F. Tavella, S. Benavides, R. Tautz, D. Herrmann, A. Buck, B. Hidding, A. Marcinkevičius, U. Schramm, M. Geissler, J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, D. Habs, and F. Krausz, "Few-Cycle Laser-Driven Electron Acceleration," Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 124801 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Haeltermann, M.

A. Picozzi and M. Haeltermann, "Influence of walk-off, dispersion, and diffraction on the coherence of parametric fluorescence," Phys. Rev. E,  63, 056611 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hänsch, T. W.

A. Baltuška, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakolev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hentschel, M.

A. Baltuška, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakolev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Herrmann, D.

K. Schmid, L. Veisz, F. Tavella, S. Benavides, R. Tautz, D. Herrmann, A. Buck, B. Hidding, A. Marcinkevičius, U. Schramm, M. Geissler, J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, D. Habs, and F. Krausz, "Few-Cycle Laser-Driven Electron Acceleration," Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 124801 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Herrmann, L. Veisz, R. Tautz, F. Tavella, K. Schmid, V. Pervak, and F. Krausz, "Generation of sub-three cycle, 16 TW light pulses by using noncollinear optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification," Opt. Lett. 34, 2459-2461 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Hörlein, Y. Nomura, D. Herrmann, M. Stafe, I. B. Földes, S. G. Rykovanov, F. Tavella, A. Marcinkevičius, F. Krausz, L. Veisz, and G. D. Tsakiris, "Few-cycle harmonic emission from solid density plasmas," (in preparation).

Hidding, B.

K. Schmid, L. Veisz, F. Tavella, S. Benavides, R. Tautz, D. Herrmann, A. Buck, B. Hidding, A. Marcinkevičius, U. Schramm, M. Geissler, J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, D. Habs, and F. Krausz, "Few-Cycle Laser-Driven Electron Acceleration," Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 124801 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hogervorst, W.

S. Witte, R. T. Zinkstok, W. Hogervorst, and K. S. E. Eikema, "Numerical simulation for performance optimization of a few-cycle terawatt NOPCPA system," Appl. Phys. B 87, 677684 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Witte, R. T. Zinkstok, A. L. Wolf, W. Hogervorst, W. Ubachs, and K. S. E. Eikema, "A source of 2 terawatt, 2.7 cycle laser pulses based on noncollinear optical parametric chirped pulse amplification," Opt. Express 14, 8168-8177 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Holzwarth, R.

A. Baltuška, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakolev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hongjun, L.

L. Hongjun, Z. Wei, C. Guofu, W. Yishan, C. Zhao, and R. Chi, "Investigation of spectral bandwidth of optical parametric amplification," Appl. Phys. B 79, 569576 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hörlein, R.

R. Hörlein, Y. Nomura, D. Herrmann, M. Stafe, I. B. Földes, S. G. Rykovanov, F. Tavella, A. Marcinkevičius, F. Krausz, L. Veisz, and G. D. Tsakiris, "Few-cycle harmonic emission from solid density plasmas," (in preparation).

Ishii, N.

F. Tavella, K. Schmid, N. Ishii, A. Marcinkevičius, L. Veisz, and F. Krausz, "High-dynamic range pulse-contrast measurements of a broadband optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier," Appl. Phys. B 3, 753 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ivanauskas, F.

A. Kurtinaitis, A. Dementjev, and F. Ivanauskas, "Modeling of Pulse Propagation factor Changes in Type II Second-Harmonic Generation," Nonl. Anal.: Modelling and Control 6, 51-69 (2001).

Ivanov, M.

F. Krausz and M. Ivanov, "Attosecond physics," Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 163-234 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jonusauskas, G.

A. Dubietis, G. Jonusauskas, and A. Piskarskas, "Powerful femtosecond pulse generation by chirped and stretched pulse parametric amplification in BBO crystal," Opt. Commun. 88, 437-440 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kazragyte, R.

A. Dement’ev, O. Vrublevskaja, V. Girdauskas, and R. Kazragyte, "Numerical Analysis of Short Pulse Optical Parametric Amplification Using Type I Phase Matching," Nonl. Anal.: Modelling and Control 9, 39-53 (2004).

Kleinmann, D. A.

D. A. Kleinmann, "Theory of Optical Parametric Noise," Phys. Rev.,  174, 1027-1041 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Krausz, F.

D. Herrmann, L. Veisz, R. Tautz, F. Tavella, K. Schmid, V. Pervak, and F. Krausz, "Generation of sub-three cycle, 16 TW light pulses by using noncollinear optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification," Opt. Lett. 34, 2459-2461 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Krausz and M. Ivanov, "Attosecond physics," Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 163-234 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. Schmid, L. Veisz, F. Tavella, S. Benavides, R. Tautz, D. Herrmann, A. Buck, B. Hidding, A. Marcinkevičius, U. Schramm, M. Geissler, J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, D. Habs, and F. Krausz, "Few-Cycle Laser-Driven Electron Acceleration," Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 124801 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Tavella, Y. Nomura, L. Veisz, V. Pervak, A. Marcinkevičius, and F. Krausz, "Dispersion management for a sub-10-fs, 10 TW optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier," Opt. Lett. 32, 2227-2229 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Tavella, A. Marcinkevičius, and F. Krausz, "Investigation of the superfluorescence and signal amplification in an ultrabroadband multiterawatt optical parametric chirped pulse amplifier system," New J. Phys. 8 (2006) 219.
[CrossRef]

G. D. Tsakiris, K. Eidmann, J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, and F. Krausz, "Route to intense single attosecond pulses," New J. Phys. 8 (2006) 19.
[CrossRef]

F. Tavella, K. Schmid, N. Ishii, A. Marcinkevičius, L. Veisz, and F. Krausz, "High-dynamic range pulse-contrast measurements of a broadband optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier," Appl. Phys. B 3, 753 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Baltuška, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakolev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Brabec and F. Krausz, "Intense few-cycle laser fields: Frontiers of nonlinear optics," Rev. Mod. Phys. 72, 545-591 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. Hörlein, Y. Nomura, D. Herrmann, M. Stafe, I. B. Földes, S. G. Rykovanov, F. Tavella, A. Marcinkevičius, F. Krausz, L. Veisz, and G. D. Tsakiris, "Few-cycle harmonic emission from solid density plasmas," (in preparation).

Kurtinaitis, A.

A. Kurtinaitis, A. Dementjev, and F. Ivanauskas, "Modeling of Pulse Propagation factor Changes in Type II Second-Harmonic Generation," Nonl. Anal.: Modelling and Control 6, 51-69 (2001).

Lanzani, G.

D. Polli, M. R. Antognazza, D. Brida, G. Lanzani, G. Cerullo, and S. De Silvestri, "Broadband pump-probe spectroscopy with sub-10-fs resolution for probing ultrafast internal conversion and coherent phonons in carotenoids," Chem. Phys. 350, 45-55 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Le Saux, G.

A. Brun, P. Georges, G. Le Saux, and F. Salin, "Single-shot characterization of ultrashort light pulses," J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 24, 1225-1233 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Leng, Y.

C. Wang, Y. Leng, B. Zhao, Z. Zhang, Z. Xu, "Extremely broad gain spectra of two-beam-pumped optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier," Opt. Commun. 237, 169-177 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lugitao, L. A.

A. Gatti, H. Wiedemann, L. A. Lugitao, and I. Marzoli, "Langevin treatment of quentum fluctuations and optical patterns in optical parametric oscillators below threshold," Phys. Rev. A,  56, 877-897 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Manzoni, C.

Marcinkevicius, A.

K. Schmid, L. Veisz, F. Tavella, S. Benavides, R. Tautz, D. Herrmann, A. Buck, B. Hidding, A. Marcinkevičius, U. Schramm, M. Geissler, J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, D. Habs, and F. Krausz, "Few-Cycle Laser-Driven Electron Acceleration," Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 124801 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Tavella, Y. Nomura, L. Veisz, V. Pervak, A. Marcinkevičius, and F. Krausz, "Dispersion management for a sub-10-fs, 10 TW optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier," Opt. Lett. 32, 2227-2229 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Tavella, A. Marcinkevičius, and F. Krausz, "Investigation of the superfluorescence and signal amplification in an ultrabroadband multiterawatt optical parametric chirped pulse amplifier system," New J. Phys. 8 (2006) 219.
[CrossRef]

F. Tavella, K. Schmid, N. Ishii, A. Marcinkevičius, L. Veisz, and F. Krausz, "High-dynamic range pulse-contrast measurements of a broadband optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier," Appl. Phys. B 3, 753 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Marcinkevičius, A. Piskarskas, V. Smilgevičius, and A. Stabinis, "Parametric superfluorescence excited in a nonlinear crystal by two uncorrelated pump beams," Opt. Commun. 158, 101-104 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. Hörlein, Y. Nomura, D. Herrmann, M. Stafe, I. B. Földes, S. G. Rykovanov, F. Tavella, A. Marcinkevičius, F. Krausz, L. Veisz, and G. D. Tsakiris, "Few-cycle harmonic emission from solid density plasmas," (in preparation).

Marzoli, I.

A. Gatti, H. Wiedemann, L. A. Lugitao, and I. Marzoli, "Langevin treatment of quentum fluctuations and optical patterns in optical parametric oscillators below threshold," Phys. Rev. A,  56, 877-897 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Mashiko, H.

H. Mashiko, A. Suda, and K. Midorikawa, "All-reflective interferometric autocorrelator for the measurement of ultra-short optical pulses," Appl. Phys. B 76, 525-530 (2003).

Matousek, P.

Meyer-ter-Vehn, J.

K. Schmid, L. Veisz, F. Tavella, S. Benavides, R. Tautz, D. Herrmann, A. Buck, B. Hidding, A. Marcinkevičius, U. Schramm, M. Geissler, J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, D. Habs, and F. Krausz, "Few-Cycle Laser-Driven Electron Acceleration," Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 124801 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. D. Tsakiris, K. Eidmann, J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, and F. Krausz, "Route to intense single attosecond pulses," New J. Phys. 8 (2006) 19.
[CrossRef]

Midorikawa, K.

H. Mashiko, A. Suda, and K. Midorikawa, "All-reflective interferometric autocorrelator for the measurement of ultra-short optical pulses," Appl. Phys. B 76, 525-530 (2003).

New, G. H. C.

Nomura, Y.

F. Tavella, Y. Nomura, L. Veisz, V. Pervak, A. Marcinkevičius, and F. Krausz, "Dispersion management for a sub-10-fs, 10 TW optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier," Opt. Lett. 32, 2227-2229 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Hörlein, Y. Nomura, D. Herrmann, M. Stafe, I. B. Földes, S. G. Rykovanov, F. Tavella, A. Marcinkevičius, F. Krausz, L. Veisz, and G. D. Tsakiris, "Few-cycle harmonic emission from solid density plasmas," (in preparation).

Norris, T. B.

Osvay, K.

Pershan, P. S.

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, "Interactions between light waves in a nonlinear dielectric," Phys. Rev. 127, 1918-1939 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Pervak, V.

Picozzi, A.

A. Picozzi and M. Haeltermann, "Influence of walk-off, dispersion, and diffraction on the coherence of parametric fluorescence," Phys. Rev. E,  63, 056611 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Piskarskas, A.

G. Tamošauskas, A. Dubietis, G. Valiulis, and A. Piskarskas, "Optical parametric amplifier pumped by two mutually incoherent laser beams," Appl. Phys. B 91, 305307 (2008).

A. Dubietis, R. Butkus, and A. Piskarskas, "Trends in chirped pulse optical parametric amplification," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 163-172 (2006).
[CrossRef]

E. Žeromskis, A. Dubietis, G. Tamošauskas, A. Piskarskas, "Gain bandwidth broadening of continuum-seeded optical parametric amplifier by use of two pump beams," Opt. Commun. 203, 435-440 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Marcinkevičius, A. Piskarskas, V. Smilgevičius, and A. Stabinis, "Parametric superfluorescence excited in a nonlinear crystal by two uncorrelated pump beams," Opt. Commun. 158, 101-104 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. Dubietis, R. Danielius, G. Tamošauskas, and A. Piskarskas, "Combining effect in a multiple-beam-pumped optical parametric amplifier," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 1135-1139 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. Dubietis, G. Jonusauskas, and A. Piskarskas, "Powerful femtosecond pulse generation by chirped and stretched pulse parametric amplification in BBO crystal," Opt. Commun. 88, 437-440 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Polli, D.

D. Polli, M. R. Antognazza, D. Brida, G. Lanzani, G. Cerullo, and S. De Silvestri, "Broadband pump-probe spectroscopy with sub-10-fs resolution for probing ultrafast internal conversion and coherent phonons in carotenoids," Chem. Phys. 350, 45-55 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Roger, G.

Ross, I. N.

Rykovanov, S. G.

R. Hörlein, Y. Nomura, D. Herrmann, M. Stafe, I. B. Földes, S. G. Rykovanov, F. Tavella, A. Marcinkevičius, F. Krausz, L. Veisz, and G. D. Tsakiris, "Few-cycle harmonic emission from solid density plasmas," (in preparation).

Salin, F.

A. Brun, P. Georges, G. Le Saux, and F. Salin, "Single-shot characterization of ultrashort light pulses," J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 24, 1225-1233 (1991).
[CrossRef]

F. Salin, P. Georges, G. Roger, and A. Brun, "Single-shot measurement of a 52-fs pulse," Appl. Opt. 26, 4528-4531 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schmid, K.

K. Schmid, L. Veisz, F. Tavella, S. Benavides, R. Tautz, D. Herrmann, A. Buck, B. Hidding, A. Marcinkevičius, U. Schramm, M. Geissler, J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, D. Habs, and F. Krausz, "Few-Cycle Laser-Driven Electron Acceleration," Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 124801 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Herrmann, L. Veisz, R. Tautz, F. Tavella, K. Schmid, V. Pervak, and F. Krausz, "Generation of sub-three cycle, 16 TW light pulses by using noncollinear optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification," Opt. Lett. 34, 2459-2461 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Tavella, K. Schmid, N. Ishii, A. Marcinkevičius, L. Veisz, and F. Krausz, "High-dynamic range pulse-contrast measurements of a broadband optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier," Appl. Phys. B 3, 753 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Schramm, U.

K. Schmid, L. Veisz, F. Tavella, S. Benavides, R. Tautz, D. Herrmann, A. Buck, B. Hidding, A. Marcinkevičius, U. Schramm, M. Geissler, J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, D. Habs, and F. Krausz, "Few-Cycle Laser-Driven Electron Acceleration," Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 124801 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Scrinzi, A.

A. Baltuška, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakolev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Smilgevicius, V.

A. Marcinkevičius, A. Piskarskas, V. Smilgevičius, and A. Stabinis, "Parametric superfluorescence excited in a nonlinear crystal by two uncorrelated pump beams," Opt. Commun. 158, 101-104 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Sosnowski, T. S.

Stabinis, A.

A. Marcinkevičius, A. Piskarskas, V. Smilgevičius, and A. Stabinis, "Parametric superfluorescence excited in a nonlinear crystal by two uncorrelated pump beams," Opt. Commun. 158, 101-104 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Stafe, M.

R. Hörlein, Y. Nomura, D. Herrmann, M. Stafe, I. B. Földes, S. G. Rykovanov, F. Tavella, A. Marcinkevičius, F. Krausz, L. Veisz, and G. D. Tsakiris, "Few-cycle harmonic emission from solid density plasmas," (in preparation).

Stephens, P. B.

Suda, A.

H. Mashiko, A. Suda, and K. Midorikawa, "All-reflective interferometric autocorrelator for the measurement of ultra-short optical pulses," Appl. Phys. B 76, 525-530 (2003).

Tamošauskas, G.

G. Tamošauskas, A. Dubietis, G. Valiulis, and A. Piskarskas, "Optical parametric amplifier pumped by two mutually incoherent laser beams," Appl. Phys. B 91, 305307 (2008).

E. Žeromskis, A. Dubietis, G. Tamošauskas, A. Piskarskas, "Gain bandwidth broadening of continuum-seeded optical parametric amplifier by use of two pump beams," Opt. Commun. 203, 435-440 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Dubietis, R. Danielius, G. Tamošauskas, and A. Piskarskas, "Combining effect in a multiple-beam-pumped optical parametric amplifier," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 1135-1139 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Tautz, R.

D. Herrmann, L. Veisz, R. Tautz, F. Tavella, K. Schmid, V. Pervak, and F. Krausz, "Generation of sub-three cycle, 16 TW light pulses by using noncollinear optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification," Opt. Lett. 34, 2459-2461 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Schmid, L. Veisz, F. Tavella, S. Benavides, R. Tautz, D. Herrmann, A. Buck, B. Hidding, A. Marcinkevičius, U. Schramm, M. Geissler, J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, D. Habs, and F. Krausz, "Few-Cycle Laser-Driven Electron Acceleration," Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 124801 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tavella, F.

K. Schmid, L. Veisz, F. Tavella, S. Benavides, R. Tautz, D. Herrmann, A. Buck, B. Hidding, A. Marcinkevičius, U. Schramm, M. Geissler, J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, D. Habs, and F. Krausz, "Few-Cycle Laser-Driven Electron Acceleration," Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 124801 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Herrmann, L. Veisz, R. Tautz, F. Tavella, K. Schmid, V. Pervak, and F. Krausz, "Generation of sub-three cycle, 16 TW light pulses by using noncollinear optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification," Opt. Lett. 34, 2459-2461 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Tavella, Y. Nomura, L. Veisz, V. Pervak, A. Marcinkevičius, and F. Krausz, "Dispersion management for a sub-10-fs, 10 TW optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier," Opt. Lett. 32, 2227-2229 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Tavella, A. Marcinkevičius, and F. Krausz, "Investigation of the superfluorescence and signal amplification in an ultrabroadband multiterawatt optical parametric chirped pulse amplifier system," New J. Phys. 8 (2006) 219.
[CrossRef]

F. Tavella, K. Schmid, N. Ishii, A. Marcinkevičius, L. Veisz, and F. Krausz, "High-dynamic range pulse-contrast measurements of a broadband optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier," Appl. Phys. B 3, 753 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. Hörlein, Y. Nomura, D. Herrmann, M. Stafe, I. B. Földes, S. G. Rykovanov, F. Tavella, A. Marcinkevičius, F. Krausz, L. Veisz, and G. D. Tsakiris, "Few-cycle harmonic emission from solid density plasmas," (in preparation).

Tsakiris, G. D.

G. D. Tsakiris, K. Eidmann, J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, and F. Krausz, "Route to intense single attosecond pulses," New J. Phys. 8 (2006) 19.
[CrossRef]

R. Hörlein, Y. Nomura, D. Herrmann, M. Stafe, I. B. Földes, S. G. Rykovanov, F. Tavella, A. Marcinkevičius, F. Krausz, L. Veisz, and G. D. Tsakiris, "Few-cycle harmonic emission from solid density plasmas," (in preparation).

Ubachs, W.

Udem, Th.

A. Baltuška, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakolev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Uiberacker, M.

A. Baltuška, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakolev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Valiulis, G.

G. Tamošauskas, A. Dubietis, G. Valiulis, and A. Piskarskas, "Optical parametric amplifier pumped by two mutually incoherent laser beams," Appl. Phys. B 91, 305307 (2008).

Veisz, L.

D. Herrmann, L. Veisz, R. Tautz, F. Tavella, K. Schmid, V. Pervak, and F. Krausz, "Generation of sub-three cycle, 16 TW light pulses by using noncollinear optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification," Opt. Lett. 34, 2459-2461 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Schmid, L. Veisz, F. Tavella, S. Benavides, R. Tautz, D. Herrmann, A. Buck, B. Hidding, A. Marcinkevičius, U. Schramm, M. Geissler, J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, D. Habs, and F. Krausz, "Few-Cycle Laser-Driven Electron Acceleration," Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 124801 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Tavella, Y. Nomura, L. Veisz, V. Pervak, A. Marcinkevičius, and F. Krausz, "Dispersion management for a sub-10-fs, 10 TW optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier," Opt. Lett. 32, 2227-2229 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Tavella, K. Schmid, N. Ishii, A. Marcinkevičius, L. Veisz, and F. Krausz, "High-dynamic range pulse-contrast measurements of a broadband optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier," Appl. Phys. B 3, 753 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. Hörlein, Y. Nomura, D. Herrmann, M. Stafe, I. B. Földes, S. G. Rykovanov, F. Tavella, A. Marcinkevičius, F. Krausz, L. Veisz, and G. D. Tsakiris, "Few-cycle harmonic emission from solid density plasmas," (in preparation).

Villoresi, P.

Vrublevskaja, O.

A. Dement’ev, O. Vrublevskaja, V. Girdauskas, and R. Kazragyte, "Numerical Analysis of Short Pulse Optical Parametric Amplification Using Type I Phase Matching," Nonl. Anal.: Modelling and Control 9, 39-53 (2004).

Wang, C.

C. Wang, Y. Leng, B. Zhao, Z. Zhang, Z. Xu, "Extremely broad gain spectra of two-beam-pumped optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier," Opt. Commun. 237, 169-177 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wei, Z.

L. Hongjun, Z. Wei, C. Guofu, W. Yishan, C. Zhao, and R. Chi, "Investigation of spectral bandwidth of optical parametric amplification," Appl. Phys. B 79, 569576 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wiedemann, H.

A. Gatti, H. Wiedemann, L. A. Lugitao, and I. Marzoli, "Langevin treatment of quentum fluctuations and optical patterns in optical parametric oscillators below threshold," Phys. Rev. A,  56, 877-897 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Witte, S.

S. Witte, R. T. Zinkstok, W. Hogervorst, and K. S. E. Eikema, "Numerical simulation for performance optimization of a few-cycle terawatt NOPCPA system," Appl. Phys. B 87, 677684 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Witte, R. T. Zinkstok, A. L. Wolf, W. Hogervorst, W. Ubachs, and K. S. E. Eikema, "A source of 2 terawatt, 2.7 cycle laser pulses based on noncollinear optical parametric chirped pulse amplification," Opt. Express 14, 8168-8177 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wolf, A. L.

Xu, Z.

C. Wang, Y. Leng, B. Zhao, Z. Zhang, Z. Xu, "Extremely broad gain spectra of two-beam-pumped optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier," Opt. Commun. 237, 169-177 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yakolev, V. S.

A. Baltuška, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakolev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yishan, W.

L. Hongjun, Z. Wei, C. Guofu, W. Yishan, C. Zhao, and R. Chi, "Investigation of spectral bandwidth of optical parametric amplification," Appl. Phys. B 79, 569576 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Žeromskis, E.

E. Žeromskis, A. Dubietis, G. Tamošauskas, A. Piskarskas, "Gain bandwidth broadening of continuum-seeded optical parametric amplifier by use of two pump beams," Opt. Commun. 203, 435-440 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Z.

C. Wang, Y. Leng, B. Zhao, Z. Zhang, Z. Xu, "Extremely broad gain spectra of two-beam-pumped optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier," Opt. Commun. 237, 169-177 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, B.

C. Wang, Y. Leng, B. Zhao, Z. Zhang, Z. Xu, "Extremely broad gain spectra of two-beam-pumped optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier," Opt. Commun. 237, 169-177 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, C.

L. Hongjun, Z. Wei, C. Guofu, W. Yishan, C. Zhao, and R. Chi, "Investigation of spectral bandwidth of optical parametric amplification," Appl. Phys. B 79, 569576 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zinkstok, R. T.

S. Witte, R. T. Zinkstok, W. Hogervorst, and K. S. E. Eikema, "Numerical simulation for performance optimization of a few-cycle terawatt NOPCPA system," Appl. Phys. B 87, 677684 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Witte, R. T. Zinkstok, A. L. Wolf, W. Hogervorst, W. Ubachs, and K. S. E. Eikema, "A source of 2 terawatt, 2.7 cycle laser pulses based on noncollinear optical parametric chirped pulse amplification," Opt. Express 14, 8168-8177 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (5)

H. Mashiko, A. Suda, and K. Midorikawa, "All-reflective interferometric autocorrelator for the measurement of ultra-short optical pulses," Appl. Phys. B 76, 525-530 (2003).

G. Tamošauskas, A. Dubietis, G. Valiulis, and A. Piskarskas, "Optical parametric amplifier pumped by two mutually incoherent laser beams," Appl. Phys. B 91, 305307 (2008).

L. Hongjun, Z. Wei, C. Guofu, W. Yishan, C. Zhao, and R. Chi, "Investigation of spectral bandwidth of optical parametric amplification," Appl. Phys. B 79, 569576 (2004).
[CrossRef]

F. Tavella, K. Schmid, N. Ishii, A. Marcinkevičius, L. Veisz, and F. Krausz, "High-dynamic range pulse-contrast measurements of a broadband optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier," Appl. Phys. B 3, 753 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Witte, R. T. Zinkstok, W. Hogervorst, and K. S. E. Eikema, "Numerical simulation for performance optimization of a few-cycle terawatt NOPCPA system," Appl. Phys. B 87, 677684 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. (1)

D. Polli, M. R. Antognazza, D. Brida, G. Lanzani, G. Cerullo, and S. De Silvestri, "Broadband pump-probe spectroscopy with sub-10-fs resolution for probing ultrafast internal conversion and coherent phonons in carotenoids," Chem. Phys. 350, 45-55 (2008).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

R. A. Baumgartner and R. L. Byer, "Optical Parametric Amplification," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 15, 432-444 (1979).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

A. Dubietis, R. Butkus, and A. Piskarskas, "Trends in chirped pulse optical parametric amplification," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 163-172 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (3)

J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. (1)

A. Brun, P. Georges, G. Le Saux, and F. Salin, "Single-shot characterization of ultrashort light pulses," J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 24, 1225-1233 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

A. Baltuška, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakolev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

New J. Phys. (2)

G. D. Tsakiris, K. Eidmann, J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, and F. Krausz, "Route to intense single attosecond pulses," New J. Phys. 8 (2006) 19.
[CrossRef]

F. Tavella, A. Marcinkevičius, and F. Krausz, "Investigation of the superfluorescence and signal amplification in an ultrabroadband multiterawatt optical parametric chirped pulse amplifier system," New J. Phys. 8 (2006) 219.
[CrossRef]

Nonl. Anal.: Modelling and Control (2)

A. Dement’ev, O. Vrublevskaja, V. Girdauskas, and R. Kazragyte, "Numerical Analysis of Short Pulse Optical Parametric Amplification Using Type I Phase Matching," Nonl. Anal.: Modelling and Control 9, 39-53 (2004).

A. Kurtinaitis, A. Dementjev, and F. Ivanauskas, "Modeling of Pulse Propagation factor Changes in Type II Second-Harmonic Generation," Nonl. Anal.: Modelling and Control 6, 51-69 (2001).

Opt. Commun. (4)

C. Wang, Y. Leng, B. Zhao, Z. Zhang, Z. Xu, "Extremely broad gain spectra of two-beam-pumped optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier," Opt. Commun. 237, 169-177 (2004).
[CrossRef]

E. Žeromskis, A. Dubietis, G. Tamošauskas, A. Piskarskas, "Gain bandwidth broadening of continuum-seeded optical parametric amplifier by use of two pump beams," Opt. Commun. 203, 435-440 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Dubietis, G. Jonusauskas, and A. Piskarskas, "Powerful femtosecond pulse generation by chirped and stretched pulse parametric amplification in BBO crystal," Opt. Commun. 88, 437-440 (1992).
[CrossRef]

A. Marcinkevičius, A. Piskarskas, V. Smilgevičius, and A. Stabinis, "Parametric superfluorescence excited in a nonlinear crystal by two uncorrelated pump beams," Opt. Commun. 158, 101-104 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Phys. Rev. (2)

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, "Interactions between light waves in a nonlinear dielectric," Phys. Rev. 127, 1918-1939 (1962).
[CrossRef]

D. A. Kleinmann, "Theory of Optical Parametric Noise," Phys. Rev.,  174, 1027-1041 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

A. Gatti, H. Wiedemann, L. A. Lugitao, and I. Marzoli, "Langevin treatment of quentum fluctuations and optical patterns in optical parametric oscillators below threshold," Phys. Rev. A,  56, 877-897 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. E (1)

A. Picozzi and M. Haeltermann, "Influence of walk-off, dispersion, and diffraction on the coherence of parametric fluorescence," Phys. Rev. E,  63, 056611 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

K. Schmid, L. Veisz, F. Tavella, S. Benavides, R. Tautz, D. Herrmann, A. Buck, B. Hidding, A. Marcinkevičius, U. Schramm, M. Geissler, J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, D. Habs, and F. Krausz, "Few-Cycle Laser-Driven Electron Acceleration," Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 124801 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (2)

T. Brabec and F. Krausz, "Intense few-cycle laser fields: Frontiers of nonlinear optics," Rev. Mod. Phys. 72, 545-591 (2000).
[CrossRef]

F. Krausz and M. Ivanov, "Attosecond physics," Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 163-234 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

G. Cerullo and S. de Silvestri, "Ultrafast optical parametric amplifiers," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 1-18 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Other (5)

V. G. Dmitriev, G. G. Gurzadyan, and D. N. Nikogosyan, Handbook of Nonlinear Optical Crystals (Springer, New York).

R. L. Sutherland, Handbook of Nonlinear Optics (Marcel Dekker, New York, 1996).

G. A. Reider, 1997, Photonik (Springer, New York).

R. Hörlein, Y. Nomura, D. Herrmann, M. Stafe, I. B. Földes, S. G. Rykovanov, F. Tavella, A. Marcinkevičius, F. Krausz, L. Veisz, and G. D. Tsakiris, "Few-cycle harmonic emission from solid density plasmas," (in preparation).

R. Trebino, Frequency-Resolved Optical Gating: The Measurement of Ultrashort Laser Pulses (Kluwer Academic Publishers, Norwell, USA, 2000).

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Wave-vector mismatch Δkl L (blue), OPA-phase Φ sl (z = L) (red), sum of both (purple) and Δkl L=±π (green) for the cases of (a) σ =2.22°, θpm =23.62°, L=5 mm, λp =532 nm (b) σ =2.16°, θpm =23.62°, L=5 mm, λp =532 nm (c) σ =2.155°, θpm =23.55°, L=3 mm, λp =532 nm and (d) σ = 2.04°, θpm = 23.62°, L=5 mm, λp =515 nm

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Optical schematic of the TBP-NOPCPA phase-matching geometry. (b) Layout of the TBP-NOPCPA experimental set up: BS - beamsplitter, DS - delay stage, AOM -acousto-optic modulator.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Setup of the single-shot all-reflective second-order intensity autocorrelator with a temporal resolution of about 197 as/px and an observation window of 565 fs. 1 & 2: entrance iris, 3: geometric beamsplitter, 4: delay stage with micrometer screw, 5: cylindric mirror, 6: SHG crystal, 7: color-glass filter, 8: achromatic imaging lens, 9: small aperture iris, 10: CCD detector (Larry 3000 USB)

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) Unamplified seed spectrum (blue dotted) and amplified signal spectrum (red) in case of OBP-NOPCPA by phase-matching almost the same bandwidth as in Ref. [13] with σ = 2.23° and θpm = 23.62°. (b) Amplified signal spectrum using the TBP-NOPCPA scheme (red) withσ1 =2.22°, σ 2 =?2.16° and θpm =23.62°, the corresponding simulated gain (black), amplified signal spectrum using only pump1 (green) and using only pump2 (blue dotted).

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Initial pump pulses and pump, signal and OPF after amplification in the time and space domain.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

(a) The dotted curves show the TBP-NOPCPA pump-to-signal conversion efficiency for the case of the red signal spectrum shown in 4(b) (green) and for the case of the signal spectrum similar to the red curve shown in 4(a)(black) with σ 1 = -σ 2 = 2.23° and θpm = 23.62°. The solid curves show the corresponding signal energy as function of total pump intensity. (b) Measured second-order single-shot autocorrelation (solid black curve) and calculated autocorrelation trace (red dotted curve)

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Image of the BBO crystal plane magnified by factor 11 on a CCD camera: (a) Image line outs of the crystal plane. (b) Image of the amplified signal beam profile. (c) Image of the intersecting pump beam profiles in the crystal plane with varying relative polarization orientation: (0° denotes parallel, 90° denotes orthogonal polarization of the two pump beams).

Equations (15)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Δ k l = k p l k s il 1 = 1,2 ,
δ A s 1 δz + m α s 1 m δ m A s 1 δt m + j β s 11 r δ δr ( r δ A s 1 δr ) + . . . + γ s 1 δ A s 1 δr
= j κ s 1 A i 1 * A p 1 e j Δ k 1 z j κ s 2 A i 2 * A p 2 e j Δ k 2 z + ε s 1 ξ s 1 z t
δ A i 1 δz + m α i 1 m δ m A i 1 δt m + j β i 11 r δ δr ( r δ A i 1 δr ) + . . . + γ i 1 δ A i 1 δr = j κ i 1 A s * A p 1 e j Δ k 1 z + ε i 1 ξ i 1 z t
δ A i 2 δz + m α i 2 m δ m A i 2 δt m + j β i 21 r δ δr ( r δ A i 2 δr ) + . . . + γ i 2 δ A i 2 δr = j κ i 2 A s * A p 2 e j Δ k 2 z + ε i 2 ξ i 2 z t
δ A p 1 δz + m α p 1 m δ m A p 1 δt m + j β p 11 r δ δr ( r δ A p 1 δr ) + . . . + γ p 1 δ A p 1 δr = j κ p 1 A s A i 1 e j Δ k 1 z
δ A p 2 δz + m α p 2 m δ m A p 2 δt m + j β p 21 r δ δr ( r δ A p 2 δr ) + . . . + γ p 2 δ A p 2 δr = j κ p 2 A s A i 2 e j Δ k 2 z
Ω ( 0 ) = Φ p l ( 0 ) Φ s ( 0 ) Φ i l ( 0 ) = π 2 1 = 1,2 .
Φ s l ( z = L ) = Φ s ( 0 ) Δ k l L 2 + arctan { Δ k l × tan h [ [ g l 2 ( Δ k l / 2 ) 2 ] 1 / 2 L ] 2 [ g l 2 ( Δ k l / 2 ) 2 ] 1 / 2 } 1 = 1 , 2 ,
d e f f = d 31 sin θ p m d 22 cos θ p m sin 3 ϕ l 1 = 1,2
Δ k 1 L π 1 = 1,2 .
A s 1 , p l , i l ( r , z + Δz , t ) = 1 { [ A s 1 , p l , i l ( z , t ) ] e j Δφ s 1 , p l , i l ( ω ) } 1 = 1,2 .
A s 1 , p l , i l ( r , z + Δ z , t ) = 1 { [ A s 1 , p l , i l ( z , t ) ] e j Δφ s 1 , p l , i l spatial } 1 = 1,2 .
τ obs = n · d · sin ( σ n c / 2 ) c
τ pulse = τ A C · r A C K

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