Abstract

We report the first demonstration of simultaneous multi-impairment monitoring at ultrahigh bitrates using a THz bandwidth photonic-chip-based radio-frequency (RF) spectrum analyzer. Our approach employs a 7 cm long, highly nonlinear (γ ≈9900 /W/km), dispersion engineered chalcogenide planar waveguide to capture the RF spectrum of an ultrafast 640 Gb/s signal, based on cross-phase modulation, from which we numerically retrieve the autocorrelation waveform. The relationship between the retrieved autocorrelation trace and signal impairments is exploited to simultaneously monitor dispersion, in-band optical signal to noise ratio (OSNR) and timing jitter from a single measurement. This novel approach also offers very high OSNR measurement dynamic range (> 30 dB) and is scalable to terabit data rates.

© 2010 OSA

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. D. C. Kilper, R. Bach, D. J. Blumenthal, D. Einstein, T. Landolsi, L. Ostar, M. Preiss, and A. E. Willner, “Optical Performance Monitoring,” J. Lightwave Technol. 22(1), 294–304 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  2. Z. Pan, C. Yu, and A. E. Willner, “Optical performance monitoring for the next generation optical communication networks,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 16(1), 20–45 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  3. B. Fu and R. Hui, “Fiber Chromatic Dispersion and Polarization-Mode Dispersion Monitoring Using Coherent Detection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(7), 1561–1563 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  4. F. N. Hauske, M. Kuschnerov, B. Spinnler, and B. Lankl, “Optical Performance Monitoring in Digital Coherent Receivers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(16), 3623–3631 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  5. T. B. Anderson, A. Kowalczyk, K. Clarke, S. D. Dods, D. Hewitt, and J. C. Li, “Multi Impairment Monitoring for Optical Networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(16), 3729–3736 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  6. L. Baker-Meflah, B. Thomsen, J. Mitchell, and P. Bayvel, “Simultaneous chromatic dispersion, polarization-mode-dispersion and OSNR monitoring at 40Gbit/s,” Opt. Express 16(20), 15999–16004 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. C. J. Youn, K. J. Park, J. H. Lee, and Y. C. Chung, “OSNR Monitoring Technique Based on Orthogonal Delayed-Homodyne Method,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(10), 1469–1471 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  8. M. N. Petersen, Z. Pan, S. Lee, S. A. Havstad, and A. E. Willner, “Online Chromatic Dispersion Monitoring and Compensation Using a Single Inband Subcarrier Tone,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(4), 570–572 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  9. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 3rd ed. (California: Academic Press, 2001).
  10. C. Dorrer and D. N. Maywar, “RF Spectrum Analysis of Optical Signals Using Nonlinear Optics,” J. Lightwave Technol. 22(1), 266–274 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  11. M. Pelusi, F. Luan, T. D. Vo, M. R. E. Lamont, S. J. Madden, D. A. Bulla, D. Y. Choi, B. Luther-Davies, and B. J. Eggleton, “Photonic-chip-based radio-frequency spectrum analyser with terahertz bandwidth,” Nat. Photonics 3(3), 139–143 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  12. T. T. Ng, J. L. Blows, J. T. Mok, R. W. McKerracher, and B. J. Eggleton, “Cascaded Four-Wave Mixing in Fiber Optical Parametric Amplifiers: Application to Residual Dispersion Monitoring,” J. Lightwave Technol. 23(2), 818–826 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  13. P. Vorreau, D. C. Kilper, and J. Leuthold, “Optical Noise and Dispersion Monitoring With SOA-Based Optical 2R Regenerator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(1), 244–246 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  14. R. Adams, M. Rochette, T. T. Ng, and B. J. Eggleton, “All-Optical In-Band OSNR Monitoring at 40 Gb/s Using a Nonlinear Optical Loop Mirror,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(3), 469–471 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  15. M. Dinu, D. C. Kilper, and H. R. Stuart, “Optical Performance Monitoring Using Data Stream Intensity Autocorrelation,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(3), 1194–1202 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  16. T. D. Vo, M. D. Pelusi, J. Schröder, B. Corcoran, and B. J. Eggleton, “Multi-Impairment Monitoring at 320 Gb/s based on Cross Phase Modulation Radio-Frequency Spectrum Analyzer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. in press.
  17. J. P. Curtis and J. E. Carroll, “Autocorrelation systems for the measurement of picosecond pulses from injection lasers,” Int. J. Electron. 60(1), 87–111 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  18. M. D. Pelusi, T. D. Vo, F. Luan, S. J. Madden, D.-Y. Choi, D. A. P. Bulla, B. Luther-Davies, and B. J. Eggleton, “Terahertz bandwidth RF spectrum analysis of femtosecond pulses using a chalcogenide chip,” Opt. Express 17(11), 9314–9322 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. D. V. D. Linde, “Characterization of the Noise in Continuously Operating Mode-Locked Lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 39(4), 201–217 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  20. J. Fatome, J. Garnier, S. Pitois, M. Petit, G. Millot, M. Gay, B. Clouet, L. Bramerie, and J.-C. Simon, “All-optical measurements of background, amplitude, and timing jitters for high speed pulse trains or PRBS sequences using autocorrelation function,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 14(1), 84–91 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  21. J. Dörring, G. B. Tudury, A. Lenihan, G. M. Carter, and Y. J. Chen, “All-optical timing jitter measurements on 40 Gbit/s pseudorandom RZ data after long-haul transmission in dispersion-managed soliton system,” Electron. Lett. 38(14), 727–729 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  22. M. A. F. Roelens, S. Frisken, J. A. Bolger, D. Abakoumov, G. Baxter, S. Poole, and B. J. Eggleton, “Dispersion Trimming in a Reconfigurable Wavelength Selective Switch,” J. Lightwave Technol. 26(1), 73–78 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  23. S. Atkins and B. Fischer, “All-Optical Pulse Rate Multiplication Using Fractional Talbot Effect and Field-to-Intensity Conversion With Cross-Gain Modulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(1), 132–134 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  24. J. Hancock and S. Draving, “Jitter - Understanding It, Measuring It, Eliminating It. Part 2: Jitter Measurements,” High Freq. Electron., 20–28 (2004).
  25. H. N. Ereifej, R. Holzlohner, G. A. Carter, and C. R. Menyuk, “Intersymbol Interference and Timing Jitter Measurements in a 40-Gb/s Long-Haul Dispersion-Managed Soliton System,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(3), 343–345 (2002).
    [CrossRef]

2010 (1)

Z. Pan, C. Yu, and A. E. Willner, “Optical performance monitoring for the next generation optical communication networks,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 16(1), 20–45 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (4)

2008 (3)

2006 (2)

M. Dinu, D. C. Kilper, and H. R. Stuart, “Optical Performance Monitoring Using Data Stream Intensity Autocorrelation,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(3), 1194–1202 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. Adams, M. Rochette, T. T. Ng, and B. J. Eggleton, “All-Optical In-Band OSNR Monitoring at 40 Gb/s Using a Nonlinear Optical Loop Mirror,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(3), 469–471 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (3)

P. Vorreau, D. C. Kilper, and J. Leuthold, “Optical Noise and Dispersion Monitoring With SOA-Based Optical 2R Regenerator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(1), 244–246 (2005).
[CrossRef]

B. Fu and R. Hui, “Fiber Chromatic Dispersion and Polarization-Mode Dispersion Monitoring Using Coherent Detection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(7), 1561–1563 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. T. Ng, J. L. Blows, J. T. Mok, R. W. McKerracher, and B. J. Eggleton, “Cascaded Four-Wave Mixing in Fiber Optical Parametric Amplifiers: Application to Residual Dispersion Monitoring,” J. Lightwave Technol. 23(2), 818–826 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

2003 (1)

S. Atkins and B. Fischer, “All-Optical Pulse Rate Multiplication Using Fractional Talbot Effect and Field-to-Intensity Conversion With Cross-Gain Modulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(1), 132–134 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (4)

H. N. Ereifej, R. Holzlohner, G. A. Carter, and C. R. Menyuk, “Intersymbol Interference and Timing Jitter Measurements in a 40-Gb/s Long-Haul Dispersion-Managed Soliton System,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(3), 343–345 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Dörring, G. B. Tudury, A. Lenihan, G. M. Carter, and Y. J. Chen, “All-optical timing jitter measurements on 40 Gbit/s pseudorandom RZ data after long-haul transmission in dispersion-managed soliton system,” Electron. Lett. 38(14), 727–729 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. J. Youn, K. J. Park, J. H. Lee, and Y. C. Chung, “OSNR Monitoring Technique Based on Orthogonal Delayed-Homodyne Method,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(10), 1469–1471 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. N. Petersen, Z. Pan, S. Lee, S. A. Havstad, and A. E. Willner, “Online Chromatic Dispersion Monitoring and Compensation Using a Single Inband Subcarrier Tone,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(4), 570–572 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1986 (2)

D. V. D. Linde, “Characterization of the Noise in Continuously Operating Mode-Locked Lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 39(4), 201–217 (1986).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Curtis and J. E. Carroll, “Autocorrelation systems for the measurement of picosecond pulses from injection lasers,” Int. J. Electron. 60(1), 87–111 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Abakoumov, D.

Adams, R.

R. Adams, M. Rochette, T. T. Ng, and B. J. Eggleton, “All-Optical In-Band OSNR Monitoring at 40 Gb/s Using a Nonlinear Optical Loop Mirror,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(3), 469–471 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Anderson, T. B.

Atkins, S.

S. Atkins and B. Fischer, “All-Optical Pulse Rate Multiplication Using Fractional Talbot Effect and Field-to-Intensity Conversion With Cross-Gain Modulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(1), 132–134 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bach, R.

Baker-Meflah, L.

Baxter, G.

Bayvel, P.

Blows, J. L.

Blumenthal, D. J.

Bolger, J. A.

Bramerie, L.

J. Fatome, J. Garnier, S. Pitois, M. Petit, G. Millot, M. Gay, B. Clouet, L. Bramerie, and J.-C. Simon, “All-optical measurements of background, amplitude, and timing jitters for high speed pulse trains or PRBS sequences using autocorrelation function,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 14(1), 84–91 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bulla, D. A.

M. Pelusi, F. Luan, T. D. Vo, M. R. E. Lamont, S. J. Madden, D. A. Bulla, D. Y. Choi, B. Luther-Davies, and B. J. Eggleton, “Photonic-chip-based radio-frequency spectrum analyser with terahertz bandwidth,” Nat. Photonics 3(3), 139–143 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bulla, D. A. P.

Carroll, J. E.

J. P. Curtis and J. E. Carroll, “Autocorrelation systems for the measurement of picosecond pulses from injection lasers,” Int. J. Electron. 60(1), 87–111 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Carter, G. A.

H. N. Ereifej, R. Holzlohner, G. A. Carter, and C. R. Menyuk, “Intersymbol Interference and Timing Jitter Measurements in a 40-Gb/s Long-Haul Dispersion-Managed Soliton System,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(3), 343–345 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Carter, G. M.

J. Dörring, G. B. Tudury, A. Lenihan, G. M. Carter, and Y. J. Chen, “All-optical timing jitter measurements on 40 Gbit/s pseudorandom RZ data after long-haul transmission in dispersion-managed soliton system,” Electron. Lett. 38(14), 727–729 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y. J.

J. Dörring, G. B. Tudury, A. Lenihan, G. M. Carter, and Y. J. Chen, “All-optical timing jitter measurements on 40 Gbit/s pseudorandom RZ data after long-haul transmission in dispersion-managed soliton system,” Electron. Lett. 38(14), 727–729 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Choi, D. Y.

M. Pelusi, F. Luan, T. D. Vo, M. R. E. Lamont, S. J. Madden, D. A. Bulla, D. Y. Choi, B. Luther-Davies, and B. J. Eggleton, “Photonic-chip-based radio-frequency spectrum analyser with terahertz bandwidth,” Nat. Photonics 3(3), 139–143 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Choi, D.-Y.

Chung, Y. C.

C. J. Youn, K. J. Park, J. H. Lee, and Y. C. Chung, “OSNR Monitoring Technique Based on Orthogonal Delayed-Homodyne Method,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(10), 1469–1471 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Clarke, K.

Clouet, B.

J. Fatome, J. Garnier, S. Pitois, M. Petit, G. Millot, M. Gay, B. Clouet, L. Bramerie, and J.-C. Simon, “All-optical measurements of background, amplitude, and timing jitters for high speed pulse trains or PRBS sequences using autocorrelation function,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 14(1), 84–91 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Corcoran, B.

T. D. Vo, M. D. Pelusi, J. Schröder, B. Corcoran, and B. J. Eggleton, “Multi-Impairment Monitoring at 320 Gb/s based on Cross Phase Modulation Radio-Frequency Spectrum Analyzer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. in press.

Curtis, J. P.

J. P. Curtis and J. E. Carroll, “Autocorrelation systems for the measurement of picosecond pulses from injection lasers,” Int. J. Electron. 60(1), 87–111 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Dinu, M.

Dods, S. D.

Dorrer, C.

Dörring, J.

J. Dörring, G. B. Tudury, A. Lenihan, G. M. Carter, and Y. J. Chen, “All-optical timing jitter measurements on 40 Gbit/s pseudorandom RZ data after long-haul transmission in dispersion-managed soliton system,” Electron. Lett. 38(14), 727–729 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Eggleton, B. J.

M. D. Pelusi, T. D. Vo, F. Luan, S. J. Madden, D.-Y. Choi, D. A. P. Bulla, B. Luther-Davies, and B. J. Eggleton, “Terahertz bandwidth RF spectrum analysis of femtosecond pulses using a chalcogenide chip,” Opt. Express 17(11), 9314–9322 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Pelusi, F. Luan, T. D. Vo, M. R. E. Lamont, S. J. Madden, D. A. Bulla, D. Y. Choi, B. Luther-Davies, and B. J. Eggleton, “Photonic-chip-based radio-frequency spectrum analyser with terahertz bandwidth,” Nat. Photonics 3(3), 139–143 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. A. F. Roelens, S. Frisken, J. A. Bolger, D. Abakoumov, G. Baxter, S. Poole, and B. J. Eggleton, “Dispersion Trimming in a Reconfigurable Wavelength Selective Switch,” J. Lightwave Technol. 26(1), 73–78 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. Adams, M. Rochette, T. T. Ng, and B. J. Eggleton, “All-Optical In-Band OSNR Monitoring at 40 Gb/s Using a Nonlinear Optical Loop Mirror,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(3), 469–471 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. T. Ng, J. L. Blows, J. T. Mok, R. W. McKerracher, and B. J. Eggleton, “Cascaded Four-Wave Mixing in Fiber Optical Parametric Amplifiers: Application to Residual Dispersion Monitoring,” J. Lightwave Technol. 23(2), 818–826 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. D. Vo, M. D. Pelusi, J. Schröder, B. Corcoran, and B. J. Eggleton, “Multi-Impairment Monitoring at 320 Gb/s based on Cross Phase Modulation Radio-Frequency Spectrum Analyzer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. in press.

Einstein, D.

Ereifej, H. N.

H. N. Ereifej, R. Holzlohner, G. A. Carter, and C. R. Menyuk, “Intersymbol Interference and Timing Jitter Measurements in a 40-Gb/s Long-Haul Dispersion-Managed Soliton System,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(3), 343–345 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Fatome, J.

J. Fatome, J. Garnier, S. Pitois, M. Petit, G. Millot, M. Gay, B. Clouet, L. Bramerie, and J.-C. Simon, “All-optical measurements of background, amplitude, and timing jitters for high speed pulse trains or PRBS sequences using autocorrelation function,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 14(1), 84–91 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fischer, B.

S. Atkins and B. Fischer, “All-Optical Pulse Rate Multiplication Using Fractional Talbot Effect and Field-to-Intensity Conversion With Cross-Gain Modulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(1), 132–134 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Frisken, S.

Fu, B.

B. Fu and R. Hui, “Fiber Chromatic Dispersion and Polarization-Mode Dispersion Monitoring Using Coherent Detection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(7), 1561–1563 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Garnier, J.

J. Fatome, J. Garnier, S. Pitois, M. Petit, G. Millot, M. Gay, B. Clouet, L. Bramerie, and J.-C. Simon, “All-optical measurements of background, amplitude, and timing jitters for high speed pulse trains or PRBS sequences using autocorrelation function,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 14(1), 84–91 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gay, M.

J. Fatome, J. Garnier, S. Pitois, M. Petit, G. Millot, M. Gay, B. Clouet, L. Bramerie, and J.-C. Simon, “All-optical measurements of background, amplitude, and timing jitters for high speed pulse trains or PRBS sequences using autocorrelation function,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 14(1), 84–91 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hauske, F. N.

Havstad, S. A.

M. N. Petersen, Z. Pan, S. Lee, S. A. Havstad, and A. E. Willner, “Online Chromatic Dispersion Monitoring and Compensation Using a Single Inband Subcarrier Tone,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(4), 570–572 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hewitt, D.

Holzlohner, R.

H. N. Ereifej, R. Holzlohner, G. A. Carter, and C. R. Menyuk, “Intersymbol Interference and Timing Jitter Measurements in a 40-Gb/s Long-Haul Dispersion-Managed Soliton System,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(3), 343–345 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hui, R.

B. Fu and R. Hui, “Fiber Chromatic Dispersion and Polarization-Mode Dispersion Monitoring Using Coherent Detection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(7), 1561–1563 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kilper, D. C.

Kowalczyk, A.

Kuschnerov, M.

Lamont, M. R. E.

M. Pelusi, F. Luan, T. D. Vo, M. R. E. Lamont, S. J. Madden, D. A. Bulla, D. Y. Choi, B. Luther-Davies, and B. J. Eggleton, “Photonic-chip-based radio-frequency spectrum analyser with terahertz bandwidth,” Nat. Photonics 3(3), 139–143 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Landolsi, T.

Lankl, B.

Lee, J. H.

C. J. Youn, K. J. Park, J. H. Lee, and Y. C. Chung, “OSNR Monitoring Technique Based on Orthogonal Delayed-Homodyne Method,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(10), 1469–1471 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S.

M. N. Petersen, Z. Pan, S. Lee, S. A. Havstad, and A. E. Willner, “Online Chromatic Dispersion Monitoring and Compensation Using a Single Inband Subcarrier Tone,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(4), 570–572 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lenihan, A.

J. Dörring, G. B. Tudury, A. Lenihan, G. M. Carter, and Y. J. Chen, “All-optical timing jitter measurements on 40 Gbit/s pseudorandom RZ data after long-haul transmission in dispersion-managed soliton system,” Electron. Lett. 38(14), 727–729 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Leuthold, J.

P. Vorreau, D. C. Kilper, and J. Leuthold, “Optical Noise and Dispersion Monitoring With SOA-Based Optical 2R Regenerator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(1), 244–246 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Li, J. C.

Linde, D. V. D.

D. V. D. Linde, “Characterization of the Noise in Continuously Operating Mode-Locked Lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 39(4), 201–217 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Luan, F.

M. Pelusi, F. Luan, T. D. Vo, M. R. E. Lamont, S. J. Madden, D. A. Bulla, D. Y. Choi, B. Luther-Davies, and B. J. Eggleton, “Photonic-chip-based radio-frequency spectrum analyser with terahertz bandwidth,” Nat. Photonics 3(3), 139–143 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. D. Pelusi, T. D. Vo, F. Luan, S. J. Madden, D.-Y. Choi, D. A. P. Bulla, B. Luther-Davies, and B. J. Eggleton, “Terahertz bandwidth RF spectrum analysis of femtosecond pulses using a chalcogenide chip,” Opt. Express 17(11), 9314–9322 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Luther-Davies, B.

M. D. Pelusi, T. D. Vo, F. Luan, S. J. Madden, D.-Y. Choi, D. A. P. Bulla, B. Luther-Davies, and B. J. Eggleton, “Terahertz bandwidth RF spectrum analysis of femtosecond pulses using a chalcogenide chip,” Opt. Express 17(11), 9314–9322 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Pelusi, F. Luan, T. D. Vo, M. R. E. Lamont, S. J. Madden, D. A. Bulla, D. Y. Choi, B. Luther-Davies, and B. J. Eggleton, “Photonic-chip-based radio-frequency spectrum analyser with terahertz bandwidth,” Nat. Photonics 3(3), 139–143 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Madden, S. J.

M. Pelusi, F. Luan, T. D. Vo, M. R. E. Lamont, S. J. Madden, D. A. Bulla, D. Y. Choi, B. Luther-Davies, and B. J. Eggleton, “Photonic-chip-based radio-frequency spectrum analyser with terahertz bandwidth,” Nat. Photonics 3(3), 139–143 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. D. Pelusi, T. D. Vo, F. Luan, S. J. Madden, D.-Y. Choi, D. A. P. Bulla, B. Luther-Davies, and B. J. Eggleton, “Terahertz bandwidth RF spectrum analysis of femtosecond pulses using a chalcogenide chip,” Opt. Express 17(11), 9314–9322 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Maywar, D. N.

McKerracher, R. W.

Menyuk, C. R.

H. N. Ereifej, R. Holzlohner, G. A. Carter, and C. R. Menyuk, “Intersymbol Interference and Timing Jitter Measurements in a 40-Gb/s Long-Haul Dispersion-Managed Soliton System,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(3), 343–345 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Millot, G.

J. Fatome, J. Garnier, S. Pitois, M. Petit, G. Millot, M. Gay, B. Clouet, L. Bramerie, and J.-C. Simon, “All-optical measurements of background, amplitude, and timing jitters for high speed pulse trains or PRBS sequences using autocorrelation function,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 14(1), 84–91 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mitchell, J.

Mok, J. T.

Ng, T. T.

R. Adams, M. Rochette, T. T. Ng, and B. J. Eggleton, “All-Optical In-Band OSNR Monitoring at 40 Gb/s Using a Nonlinear Optical Loop Mirror,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(3), 469–471 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. T. Ng, J. L. Blows, J. T. Mok, R. W. McKerracher, and B. J. Eggleton, “Cascaded Four-Wave Mixing in Fiber Optical Parametric Amplifiers: Application to Residual Dispersion Monitoring,” J. Lightwave Technol. 23(2), 818–826 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ostar, L.

Pan, Z.

Z. Pan, C. Yu, and A. E. Willner, “Optical performance monitoring for the next generation optical communication networks,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 16(1), 20–45 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. N. Petersen, Z. Pan, S. Lee, S. A. Havstad, and A. E. Willner, “Online Chromatic Dispersion Monitoring and Compensation Using a Single Inband Subcarrier Tone,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(4), 570–572 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Park, K. J.

C. J. Youn, K. J. Park, J. H. Lee, and Y. C. Chung, “OSNR Monitoring Technique Based on Orthogonal Delayed-Homodyne Method,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(10), 1469–1471 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Pelusi, M.

M. Pelusi, F. Luan, T. D. Vo, M. R. E. Lamont, S. J. Madden, D. A. Bulla, D. Y. Choi, B. Luther-Davies, and B. J. Eggleton, “Photonic-chip-based radio-frequency spectrum analyser with terahertz bandwidth,” Nat. Photonics 3(3), 139–143 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Pelusi, M. D.

M. D. Pelusi, T. D. Vo, F. Luan, S. J. Madden, D.-Y. Choi, D. A. P. Bulla, B. Luther-Davies, and B. J. Eggleton, “Terahertz bandwidth RF spectrum analysis of femtosecond pulses using a chalcogenide chip,” Opt. Express 17(11), 9314–9322 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. D. Vo, M. D. Pelusi, J. Schröder, B. Corcoran, and B. J. Eggleton, “Multi-Impairment Monitoring at 320 Gb/s based on Cross Phase Modulation Radio-Frequency Spectrum Analyzer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. in press.

Petersen, M. N.

M. N. Petersen, Z. Pan, S. Lee, S. A. Havstad, and A. E. Willner, “Online Chromatic Dispersion Monitoring and Compensation Using a Single Inband Subcarrier Tone,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(4), 570–572 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Petit, M.

J. Fatome, J. Garnier, S. Pitois, M. Petit, G. Millot, M. Gay, B. Clouet, L. Bramerie, and J.-C. Simon, “All-optical measurements of background, amplitude, and timing jitters for high speed pulse trains or PRBS sequences using autocorrelation function,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 14(1), 84–91 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Pitois, S.

J. Fatome, J. Garnier, S. Pitois, M. Petit, G. Millot, M. Gay, B. Clouet, L. Bramerie, and J.-C. Simon, “All-optical measurements of background, amplitude, and timing jitters for high speed pulse trains or PRBS sequences using autocorrelation function,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 14(1), 84–91 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Poole, S.

Preiss, M.

Rochette, M.

R. Adams, M. Rochette, T. T. Ng, and B. J. Eggleton, “All-Optical In-Band OSNR Monitoring at 40 Gb/s Using a Nonlinear Optical Loop Mirror,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(3), 469–471 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Roelens, M. A. F.

Schröder, J.

T. D. Vo, M. D. Pelusi, J. Schröder, B. Corcoran, and B. J. Eggleton, “Multi-Impairment Monitoring at 320 Gb/s based on Cross Phase Modulation Radio-Frequency Spectrum Analyzer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. in press.

Simon, J.-C.

J. Fatome, J. Garnier, S. Pitois, M. Petit, G. Millot, M. Gay, B. Clouet, L. Bramerie, and J.-C. Simon, “All-optical measurements of background, amplitude, and timing jitters for high speed pulse trains or PRBS sequences using autocorrelation function,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 14(1), 84–91 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Spinnler, B.

Stuart, H. R.

Thomsen, B.

Tudury, G. B.

J. Dörring, G. B. Tudury, A. Lenihan, G. M. Carter, and Y. J. Chen, “All-optical timing jitter measurements on 40 Gbit/s pseudorandom RZ data after long-haul transmission in dispersion-managed soliton system,” Electron. Lett. 38(14), 727–729 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Vo, T. D.

M. D. Pelusi, T. D. Vo, F. Luan, S. J. Madden, D.-Y. Choi, D. A. P. Bulla, B. Luther-Davies, and B. J. Eggleton, “Terahertz bandwidth RF spectrum analysis of femtosecond pulses using a chalcogenide chip,” Opt. Express 17(11), 9314–9322 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Pelusi, F. Luan, T. D. Vo, M. R. E. Lamont, S. J. Madden, D. A. Bulla, D. Y. Choi, B. Luther-Davies, and B. J. Eggleton, “Photonic-chip-based radio-frequency spectrum analyser with terahertz bandwidth,” Nat. Photonics 3(3), 139–143 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. D. Vo, M. D. Pelusi, J. Schröder, B. Corcoran, and B. J. Eggleton, “Multi-Impairment Monitoring at 320 Gb/s based on Cross Phase Modulation Radio-Frequency Spectrum Analyzer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. in press.

Vorreau, P.

P. Vorreau, D. C. Kilper, and J. Leuthold, “Optical Noise and Dispersion Monitoring With SOA-Based Optical 2R Regenerator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(1), 244–246 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Willner, A. E.

Z. Pan, C. Yu, and A. E. Willner, “Optical performance monitoring for the next generation optical communication networks,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 16(1), 20–45 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Kilper, R. Bach, D. J. Blumenthal, D. Einstein, T. Landolsi, L. Ostar, M. Preiss, and A. E. Willner, “Optical Performance Monitoring,” J. Lightwave Technol. 22(1), 294–304 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. N. Petersen, Z. Pan, S. Lee, S. A. Havstad, and A. E. Willner, “Online Chromatic Dispersion Monitoring and Compensation Using a Single Inband Subcarrier Tone,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(4), 570–572 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Youn, C. J.

C. J. Youn, K. J. Park, J. H. Lee, and Y. C. Chung, “OSNR Monitoring Technique Based on Orthogonal Delayed-Homodyne Method,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(10), 1469–1471 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yu, C.

Z. Pan, C. Yu, and A. E. Willner, “Optical performance monitoring for the next generation optical communication networks,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 16(1), 20–45 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

D. V. D. Linde, “Characterization of the Noise in Continuously Operating Mode-Locked Lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 39(4), 201–217 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

J. Dörring, G. B. Tudury, A. Lenihan, G. M. Carter, and Y. J. Chen, “All-optical timing jitter measurements on 40 Gbit/s pseudorandom RZ data after long-haul transmission in dispersion-managed soliton system,” Electron. Lett. 38(14), 727–729 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (8)

S. Atkins and B. Fischer, “All-Optical Pulse Rate Multiplication Using Fractional Talbot Effect and Field-to-Intensity Conversion With Cross-Gain Modulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(1), 132–134 (2003).
[CrossRef]

B. Fu and R. Hui, “Fiber Chromatic Dispersion and Polarization-Mode Dispersion Monitoring Using Coherent Detection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(7), 1561–1563 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. J. Youn, K. J. Park, J. H. Lee, and Y. C. Chung, “OSNR Monitoring Technique Based on Orthogonal Delayed-Homodyne Method,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(10), 1469–1471 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. N. Petersen, Z. Pan, S. Lee, S. A. Havstad, and A. E. Willner, “Online Chromatic Dispersion Monitoring and Compensation Using a Single Inband Subcarrier Tone,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(4), 570–572 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P. Vorreau, D. C. Kilper, and J. Leuthold, “Optical Noise and Dispersion Monitoring With SOA-Based Optical 2R Regenerator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(1), 244–246 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. Adams, M. Rochette, T. T. Ng, and B. J. Eggleton, “All-Optical In-Band OSNR Monitoring at 40 Gb/s Using a Nonlinear Optical Loop Mirror,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(3), 469–471 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. D. Vo, M. D. Pelusi, J. Schröder, B. Corcoran, and B. J. Eggleton, “Multi-Impairment Monitoring at 320 Gb/s based on Cross Phase Modulation Radio-Frequency Spectrum Analyzer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. in press.

H. N. Ereifej, R. Holzlohner, G. A. Carter, and C. R. Menyuk, “Intersymbol Interference and Timing Jitter Measurements in a 40-Gb/s Long-Haul Dispersion-Managed Soliton System,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(3), 343–345 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Int. J. Electron. (1)

J. P. Curtis and J. E. Carroll, “Autocorrelation systems for the measurement of picosecond pulses from injection lasers,” Int. J. Electron. 60(1), 87–111 (1986).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (7)

Nat. Photonics (1)

M. Pelusi, F. Luan, T. D. Vo, M. R. E. Lamont, S. J. Madden, D. A. Bulla, D. Y. Choi, B. Luther-Davies, and B. J. Eggleton, “Photonic-chip-based radio-frequency spectrum analyser with terahertz bandwidth,” Nat. Photonics 3(3), 139–143 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Fiber Technol. (2)

Z. Pan, C. Yu, and A. E. Willner, “Optical performance monitoring for the next generation optical communication networks,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 16(1), 20–45 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Fatome, J. Garnier, S. Pitois, M. Petit, G. Millot, M. Gay, B. Clouet, L. Bramerie, and J.-C. Simon, “All-optical measurements of background, amplitude, and timing jitters for high speed pulse trains or PRBS sequences using autocorrelation function,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 14(1), 84–91 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

J. Hancock and S. Draving, “Jitter - Understanding It, Measuring It, Eliminating It. Part 2: Jitter Measurements,” High Freq. Electron., 20–28 (2004).

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 3rd ed. (California: Academic Press, 2001).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Schematic of simultaneous multi-impairment monitoring based on THz bandwidth PC-RFSA [11,16]. IFT relates the RF spectrum to the AC waveform. (b) (Upper) Optical micrograph of ChG planar waveguide cleaved facet and (lower) circuit schematic of the 7cm chip.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Numerical (upper) RF spectra and (lower) AC waveforms of undistorted (solid) and distorted (dotted) signal due to (a) dispersion, (b) ASE noise, and (c) timing jitter. T is the bit period of the simulated SUT.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Experimental setup for simultaneous multi-impairment monitoring; (i) an eye diagram of a 640 Gb/s optical time division multiplexing source signal. (b) The optical spectrum, (c) the captured RF spectrum via PC-RFSA and (d) corresponding reconstructed AC waveform of a 640 Gb/s optical signal.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Experimental results showing the top view of the retrieval AC waveforms of 640 Gb/s optical signals while varying (a) GVD (OSNR ~40 dB), (b) OSNR (GVD ~0 ps/nm) and (c) OSNR (GVD = 0.08 ps/nm).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Step 1 – GVD measurement (GVD = 0 (diamond), 0.08 (circle) and 0.16 (triangle) ps/nm). The arrows show directions of increasing OSNR values. (b) OSNR monitoring using PC-RFSA and data stream AC [15] methods, highlighting very large dynamic range of PC-RFSA scheme. The lines are to guide the eye. (c) Step 2 – OSNR monitoring via optical tone power once GVD is determined. (d) Step 3 – timing jitter measurements once GVD and OSNR are obtained from step 1 and 2.

Metrics