Abstract

The absorption, excitation, and ultrabroadband near-infrared luminescence spectra of Bismuth were investigated in H2-annealed and γ-irradiated Bi:α-BaB2O4(α-BBO) single crystals, respectively. Energy-level diagrams of the near-infrared luminescent centers were fixed. The electronic transition energies of near-infrared active centers are basically consistent with the multiplets of free Bi+ ions. The minor difference of the energy-level diagrams of Bi+ ions in H2-annealed and γ-irradiated Bi:α-BaB2O4 crystals can be ascribed to the difference of the local lattice environments. The involved physical and chemical processes were discussed. The effect of Ar-, air-annealing and electron-irradiation on Bi:α-BaB2O4 crystal were also investigated.

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2009

V. O. Sokolov, V. G. Plotnichenko, and E. M. Dianov, “Centers of broadband near-IR luminescence in bismuth-doped glasses,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 42(9), 095410 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. T. Sun, Y. Miwa, F. Shimaoka, M. Fujii, A. Hosokawa, M. Mizuhata, S. Hayashi, and S. Deki, “Superbroadband near-IR nano-optical source based on bismuth-doped high-silica nanocrystalline zeolites,” Opt. Lett. 34(8), 1219–1221 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Ruan, L. B. Su, J. R. Qiu, D. P. Chen, and J. Xu, “Bi-doped BaF2 crystal for broadband near-infrared light source,” Opt. Express 17(7), 5163–5169 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. B. Su, P. Zhou, J. Yu, H. J. Li, L. H. Zheng, F. Wu, Y. Yang, Q. H. Yang, and J. Xu, “Spectroscopic properties and near-infrared broadband luminescence of Bi-doped SrB4O7 glasses and crystalline materials,” Opt. Express 17(16), 13554–13560 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. B. Su, J. Yu, P. Zhou, H. J. Li, L. H. Zheng, Y. Yang, F. Wu, H. P. Xia, and J. Xu, “Broadband near-infrared luminescence in γ-irradiated Bi-doped alpha-BaB2O4 single crystals,” Opt. Lett. 34(16), 2504–2506 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. T. Sun, T. Hasegawa, M. Fujii, F. Shimaoka, Z. H. Bai, M. Mizuhata, S. Hayashi, and S. Deki, “Significantly enhanced superbroadband near infrared emission in bismuth/aluminum doped high-silica zeolite derived nanoparticles,” Opt. Express 17(8), 6239–6244 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. F. Kustov, L. I. Bulatov, V. V. Dvoyrin, and V. M. Mashinsky, “Molecular orbital model of optical centers in Bismuth-doped glasses,” Opt. Lett. 34(10), 1549–1551 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008

A. G. Okhrimchuk, L. N. Butvina, E. M. Dianov, N. V. Lichkova, V. N. Zagorodnev, and K. N. Boldyrev, “Near-infrared luminescence of RbPb2Cl5:Bi crystals,” Opt. Lett. 33(19), 2182–2184 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. O. Sokolov, V. G. Plotnichenko, and E. M. Dianov, “Origin of broadband near-infrared luminescence in bismuth-doped glasses,” Opt. Lett. 33(13), 1488–1490 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. G. Truong, L. Bigot, A. Lerouge, M. Douay, and I. Razdobreev, “Study of thermal stability and luminescence quenching properties of Bismuth-doped silicate glasses for fiber laser applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(4), 041908 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. F. Zhou, N. Jiang, B. Zhu, H. C. Yang, S. Ye, G. Lakshminarayana, J. H. Hao, and J. R. Qiu, “Multifunctional Bismuth-doped nanoporous silica glass: from blue-green, orange, red, and white light sources to ultra-broadband infrared amplifiers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 18(9), 1407–1413 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Yu. Sharonov, A. B. Bykov, V. Petricevic, and R. R. Alfano, “Spectroscopic study of optical centers formed in Bi-, Pb-, Sb-, Sn-, Te-, and In-doped germanate glasses,” Opt. Lett. 33(18), 2131–2133 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007

Y. Arai, T. Suzuki, Y. Ohishi, S. Morimoto, and S. Khonthon, “Ultrabroadband near-infrared emission from a colorless Bismuth-doped glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(26), 261110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Ren, J. Qiu, D. Chen, C. Wang, X. Jiang, and C. Zhu, “Infrared luminescence properties of bismuth-doped barium silicate glasses,” J. Mater. Res. 22(7), 1954–1958 (2007).
[CrossRef]

I. Razdobreev, L. Bigot, V. Pureur, A. Favre, G. Bouwmans, and M. Douay, “Efficient all-fiber Bismuth-doped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(3), 031103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

H. P. Xia and X. J. Wang, “Near infrared broadband emission from Bi5+-doped Al2O3–GeO2–X (X=Na2O, BaO, Y2O3) glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(5), 051917 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

X. G. Meng, J. R. Qiu, M. Y. Peng, D. P. Chen, Q. Z. Zhao, X. W. Jiang, and C. S. Zhu, “Near infrared broadband emission of Bismuth-doped aluminophosphate glass,” Opt. Express 13(5), 1628–1634 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Peng, J. Qiu, D. Chen, X. Meng, and C. Zhu, “Superbroadband 1310 nm emission from Bismuth and Tantalum codoped germanium oxide glasses,” Opt. Lett. 30(18), 2433–2435 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. M. Dianov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Gur'yanov, “CW bismuth fibre laser,” Quantum Electron. 35(12), 1083–1084 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Sansonetti and W. C. Martin, “Handbook of Basic Atomic Spectroscopic Data,” J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 34(4), 1559–2257 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003

A. A. Kaminskii, “Modern developments in the physics of crystalline laser materials,” Phys. Status Solidi 200(2), 215–296 (2003) (a).
[CrossRef]

U. Keller, “Recent developments in compact ultrafast lasers,” Nature 424(6950), 831–838 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002

T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Optical frequency metrology,” Nature 416(6877), 233–237 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001

G. G. Paulus, F. Grasbon, H. Walther, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, E. Priori, and S. De Silvestri, “Absolute-phase phenomena in photoionization with few-cycle laser pulses,” Nature 414(6860), 182–184 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Rousse, C. Rischel, S. Fourmaux, I. Uschmann, S. Sebban, G. Grillon, Ph. Balcou, E. Förster, J. P. Geindre, P. Audebert, J. C. Gauthier, and D. Hulin, “Non-thermal melting in semiconductors measured at femtosecond resolution,” Nature 410(6824), 65–68 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, “Infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped silica glass,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40(Part 2, No. 3B), 279–281 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1989

M. Fockele, F. Lohse, J.-M. Spaeth, and R. H. Barturam, “Identification and optical properties of axial lead centres in alkaline-earth fluorides,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 1(1), 13–26 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1983

L. F. Mollenauer, N. D. Vieira, and L. Szeto, “Optical properties of the Tl0(1) center in KCl,” Phys. Rev. B 27(9), 5332–5346 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1982

Alfano, R. R.

Arai, Y.

Y. Arai, T. Suzuki, Y. Ohishi, S. Morimoto, and S. Khonthon, “Ultrabroadband near-infrared emission from a colorless Bismuth-doped glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(26), 261110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Audebert, P.

A. Rousse, C. Rischel, S. Fourmaux, I. Uschmann, S. Sebban, G. Grillon, Ph. Balcou, E. Förster, J. P. Geindre, P. Audebert, J. C. Gauthier, and D. Hulin, “Non-thermal melting in semiconductors measured at femtosecond resolution,” Nature 410(6824), 65–68 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bai, Z. H.

Balcou, Ph.

A. Rousse, C. Rischel, S. Fourmaux, I. Uschmann, S. Sebban, G. Grillon, Ph. Balcou, E. Förster, J. P. Geindre, P. Audebert, J. C. Gauthier, and D. Hulin, “Non-thermal melting in semiconductors measured at femtosecond resolution,” Nature 410(6824), 65–68 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Barturam, R. H.

M. Fockele, F. Lohse, J.-M. Spaeth, and R. H. Barturam, “Identification and optical properties of axial lead centres in alkaline-earth fluorides,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 1(1), 13–26 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Bigot, L.

V. G. Truong, L. Bigot, A. Lerouge, M. Douay, and I. Razdobreev, “Study of thermal stability and luminescence quenching properties of Bismuth-doped silicate glasses for fiber laser applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(4), 041908 (2008).
[CrossRef]

I. Razdobreev, L. Bigot, V. Pureur, A. Favre, G. Bouwmans, and M. Douay, “Efficient all-fiber Bismuth-doped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(3), 031103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Boldyrev, K. N.

Bouwmans, G.

I. Razdobreev, L. Bigot, V. Pureur, A. Favre, G. Bouwmans, and M. Douay, “Efficient all-fiber Bismuth-doped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(3), 031103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bulatov, L. I.

Butvina, L. N.

Bykov, A. B.

Chen, D.

J. Ren, J. Qiu, D. Chen, C. Wang, X. Jiang, and C. Zhu, “Infrared luminescence properties of bismuth-doped barium silicate glasses,” J. Mater. Res. 22(7), 1954–1958 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Peng, J. Qiu, D. Chen, X. Meng, and C. Zhu, “Superbroadband 1310 nm emission from Bismuth and Tantalum codoped germanium oxide glasses,” Opt. Lett. 30(18), 2433–2435 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, D. P.

De Silvestri, S.

G. G. Paulus, F. Grasbon, H. Walther, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, E. Priori, and S. De Silvestri, “Absolute-phase phenomena in photoionization with few-cycle laser pulses,” Nature 414(6860), 182–184 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Deki, S.

Dianov, E. M.

V. O. Sokolov, V. G. Plotnichenko, and E. M. Dianov, “Centers of broadband near-IR luminescence in bismuth-doped glasses,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 42(9), 095410 (2009).
[CrossRef]

V. O. Sokolov, V. G. Plotnichenko, and E. M. Dianov, “Origin of broadband near-infrared luminescence in bismuth-doped glasses,” Opt. Lett. 33(13), 1488–1490 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. G. Okhrimchuk, L. N. Butvina, E. M. Dianov, N. V. Lichkova, V. N. Zagorodnev, and K. N. Boldyrev, “Near-infrared luminescence of RbPb2Cl5:Bi crystals,” Opt. Lett. 33(19), 2182–2184 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. M. Dianov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Gur'yanov, “CW bismuth fibre laser,” Quantum Electron. 35(12), 1083–1084 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Douay, M.

V. G. Truong, L. Bigot, A. Lerouge, M. Douay, and I. Razdobreev, “Study of thermal stability and luminescence quenching properties of Bismuth-doped silicate glasses for fiber laser applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(4), 041908 (2008).
[CrossRef]

I. Razdobreev, L. Bigot, V. Pureur, A. Favre, G. Bouwmans, and M. Douay, “Efficient all-fiber Bismuth-doped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(3), 031103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dvoyrin, V. V.

E. F. Kustov, L. I. Bulatov, V. V. Dvoyrin, and V. M. Mashinsky, “Molecular orbital model of optical centers in Bismuth-doped glasses,” Opt. Lett. 34(10), 1549–1551 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. M. Dianov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Gur'yanov, “CW bismuth fibre laser,” Quantum Electron. 35(12), 1083–1084 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Favre, A.

I. Razdobreev, L. Bigot, V. Pureur, A. Favre, G. Bouwmans, and M. Douay, “Efficient all-fiber Bismuth-doped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(3), 031103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Fockele, M.

M. Fockele, F. Lohse, J.-M. Spaeth, and R. H. Barturam, “Identification and optical properties of axial lead centres in alkaline-earth fluorides,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 1(1), 13–26 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Förster, E.

A. Rousse, C. Rischel, S. Fourmaux, I. Uschmann, S. Sebban, G. Grillon, Ph. Balcou, E. Förster, J. P. Geindre, P. Audebert, J. C. Gauthier, and D. Hulin, “Non-thermal melting in semiconductors measured at femtosecond resolution,” Nature 410(6824), 65–68 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fourmaux, S.

A. Rousse, C. Rischel, S. Fourmaux, I. Uschmann, S. Sebban, G. Grillon, Ph. Balcou, E. Förster, J. P. Geindre, P. Audebert, J. C. Gauthier, and D. Hulin, “Non-thermal melting in semiconductors measured at femtosecond resolution,” Nature 410(6824), 65–68 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fujii, M.

Fujimoto, Y.

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, “Infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped silica glass,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40(Part 2, No. 3B), 279–281 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Gauthier, J. C.

A. Rousse, C. Rischel, S. Fourmaux, I. Uschmann, S. Sebban, G. Grillon, Ph. Balcou, E. Förster, J. P. Geindre, P. Audebert, J. C. Gauthier, and D. Hulin, “Non-thermal melting in semiconductors measured at femtosecond resolution,” Nature 410(6824), 65–68 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Geindre, J. P.

A. Rousse, C. Rischel, S. Fourmaux, I. Uschmann, S. Sebban, G. Grillon, Ph. Balcou, E. Förster, J. P. Geindre, P. Audebert, J. C. Gauthier, and D. Hulin, “Non-thermal melting in semiconductors measured at femtosecond resolution,” Nature 410(6824), 65–68 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Grasbon, F.

G. G. Paulus, F. Grasbon, H. Walther, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, E. Priori, and S. De Silvestri, “Absolute-phase phenomena in photoionization with few-cycle laser pulses,” Nature 414(6860), 182–184 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Grillon, G.

A. Rousse, C. Rischel, S. Fourmaux, I. Uschmann, S. Sebban, G. Grillon, Ph. Balcou, E. Förster, J. P. Geindre, P. Audebert, J. C. Gauthier, and D. Hulin, “Non-thermal melting in semiconductors measured at femtosecond resolution,” Nature 410(6824), 65–68 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gur'yanov, A. N.

E. M. Dianov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Gur'yanov, “CW bismuth fibre laser,” Quantum Electron. 35(12), 1083–1084 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hänsch, T. W.

T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Optical frequency metrology,” Nature 416(6877), 233–237 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hao, J. H.

S. F. Zhou, N. Jiang, B. Zhu, H. C. Yang, S. Ye, G. Lakshminarayana, J. H. Hao, and J. R. Qiu, “Multifunctional Bismuth-doped nanoporous silica glass: from blue-green, orange, red, and white light sources to ultra-broadband infrared amplifiers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 18(9), 1407–1413 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hasegawa, T.

Hayashi, S.

Holzwarth, R.

T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Optical frequency metrology,” Nature 416(6877), 233–237 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hosokawa, A.

Hulin, D.

A. Rousse, C. Rischel, S. Fourmaux, I. Uschmann, S. Sebban, G. Grillon, Ph. Balcou, E. Förster, J. P. Geindre, P. Audebert, J. C. Gauthier, and D. Hulin, “Non-thermal melting in semiconductors measured at femtosecond resolution,” Nature 410(6824), 65–68 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jiang, N.

S. F. Zhou, N. Jiang, B. Zhu, H. C. Yang, S. Ye, G. Lakshminarayana, J. H. Hao, and J. R. Qiu, “Multifunctional Bismuth-doped nanoporous silica glass: from blue-green, orange, red, and white light sources to ultra-broadband infrared amplifiers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 18(9), 1407–1413 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, X.

J. Ren, J. Qiu, D. Chen, C. Wang, X. Jiang, and C. Zhu, “Infrared luminescence properties of bismuth-doped barium silicate glasses,” J. Mater. Res. 22(7), 1954–1958 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, X. W.

Kaminskii, A. A.

A. A. Kaminskii, “Modern developments in the physics of crystalline laser materials,” Phys. Status Solidi 200(2), 215–296 (2003) (a).
[CrossRef]

Keller, U.

U. Keller, “Recent developments in compact ultrafast lasers,” Nature 424(6950), 831–838 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Khonthon, S.

Y. Arai, T. Suzuki, Y. Ohishi, S. Morimoto, and S. Khonthon, “Ultrabroadband near-infrared emission from a colorless Bismuth-doped glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(26), 261110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kustov, E. F.

Lakshminarayana, G.

S. F. Zhou, N. Jiang, B. Zhu, H. C. Yang, S. Ye, G. Lakshminarayana, J. H. Hao, and J. R. Qiu, “Multifunctional Bismuth-doped nanoporous silica glass: from blue-green, orange, red, and white light sources to ultra-broadband infrared amplifiers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 18(9), 1407–1413 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lerouge, A.

V. G. Truong, L. Bigot, A. Lerouge, M. Douay, and I. Razdobreev, “Study of thermal stability and luminescence quenching properties of Bismuth-doped silicate glasses for fiber laser applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(4), 041908 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Li, H. J.

Lichkova, N. V.

Lohse, F.

M. Fockele, F. Lohse, J.-M. Spaeth, and R. H. Barturam, “Identification and optical properties of axial lead centres in alkaline-earth fluorides,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 1(1), 13–26 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Martin, W. C.

J. E. Sansonetti and W. C. Martin, “Handbook of Basic Atomic Spectroscopic Data,” J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 34(4), 1559–2257 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mashinsky, V. M.

E. F. Kustov, L. I. Bulatov, V. V. Dvoyrin, and V. M. Mashinsky, “Molecular orbital model of optical centers in Bismuth-doped glasses,” Opt. Lett. 34(10), 1549–1551 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. M. Dianov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Gur'yanov, “CW bismuth fibre laser,” Quantum Electron. 35(12), 1083–1084 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Meng, X.

Meng, X. G.

Miwa, Y.

Mizuhata, M.

Mollenauer, L. F.

L. F. Mollenauer, N. D. Vieira, and L. Szeto, “Optical properties of the Tl0(1) center in KCl,” Phys. Rev. B 27(9), 5332–5346 (1983).
[CrossRef]

L. F. Mollenauer, N. D. Vieira, and L. Szeto, “Mode locking by synchronous pumping using a gain medium with microsecond decay times,” Opt. Lett. 7(9), 414–416 (1982).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Morimoto, S.

Y. Arai, T. Suzuki, Y. Ohishi, S. Morimoto, and S. Khonthon, “Ultrabroadband near-infrared emission from a colorless Bismuth-doped glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(26), 261110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nakatsuka, M.

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, “Infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped silica glass,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40(Part 2, No. 3B), 279–281 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Nisoli, M.

G. G. Paulus, F. Grasbon, H. Walther, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, E. Priori, and S. De Silvestri, “Absolute-phase phenomena in photoionization with few-cycle laser pulses,” Nature 414(6860), 182–184 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ohishi, Y.

Y. Arai, T. Suzuki, Y. Ohishi, S. Morimoto, and S. Khonthon, “Ultrabroadband near-infrared emission from a colorless Bismuth-doped glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(26), 261110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Okhrimchuk, A. G.

Paulus, G. G.

G. G. Paulus, F. Grasbon, H. Walther, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, E. Priori, and S. De Silvestri, “Absolute-phase phenomena in photoionization with few-cycle laser pulses,” Nature 414(6860), 182–184 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Peng, M.

Peng, M. Y.

Petricevic, V.

Plotnichenko, V. G.

V. O. Sokolov, V. G. Plotnichenko, and E. M. Dianov, “Centers of broadband near-IR luminescence in bismuth-doped glasses,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 42(9), 095410 (2009).
[CrossRef]

V. O. Sokolov, V. G. Plotnichenko, and E. M. Dianov, “Origin of broadband near-infrared luminescence in bismuth-doped glasses,” Opt. Lett. 33(13), 1488–1490 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Priori, E.

G. G. Paulus, F. Grasbon, H. Walther, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, E. Priori, and S. De Silvestri, “Absolute-phase phenomena in photoionization with few-cycle laser pulses,” Nature 414(6860), 182–184 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pureur, V.

I. Razdobreev, L. Bigot, V. Pureur, A. Favre, G. Bouwmans, and M. Douay, “Efficient all-fiber Bismuth-doped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(3), 031103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, J.

J. Ren, J. Qiu, D. Chen, C. Wang, X. Jiang, and C. Zhu, “Infrared luminescence properties of bismuth-doped barium silicate glasses,” J. Mater. Res. 22(7), 1954–1958 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Peng, J. Qiu, D. Chen, X. Meng, and C. Zhu, “Superbroadband 1310 nm emission from Bismuth and Tantalum codoped germanium oxide glasses,” Opt. Lett. 30(18), 2433–2435 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Qiu, J. R.

J. Ruan, L. B. Su, J. R. Qiu, D. P. Chen, and J. Xu, “Bi-doped BaF2 crystal for broadband near-infrared light source,” Opt. Express 17(7), 5163–5169 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. F. Zhou, N. Jiang, B. Zhu, H. C. Yang, S. Ye, G. Lakshminarayana, J. H. Hao, and J. R. Qiu, “Multifunctional Bismuth-doped nanoporous silica glass: from blue-green, orange, red, and white light sources to ultra-broadband infrared amplifiers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 18(9), 1407–1413 (2008).
[CrossRef]

X. G. Meng, J. R. Qiu, M. Y. Peng, D. P. Chen, Q. Z. Zhao, X. W. Jiang, and C. S. Zhu, “Near infrared broadband emission of Bismuth-doped aluminophosphate glass,” Opt. Express 13(5), 1628–1634 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Razdobreev, I.

V. G. Truong, L. Bigot, A. Lerouge, M. Douay, and I. Razdobreev, “Study of thermal stability and luminescence quenching properties of Bismuth-doped silicate glasses for fiber laser applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(4), 041908 (2008).
[CrossRef]

I. Razdobreev, L. Bigot, V. Pureur, A. Favre, G. Bouwmans, and M. Douay, “Efficient all-fiber Bismuth-doped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(3), 031103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ren, J.

J. Ren, J. Qiu, D. Chen, C. Wang, X. Jiang, and C. Zhu, “Infrared luminescence properties of bismuth-doped barium silicate glasses,” J. Mater. Res. 22(7), 1954–1958 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Rischel, C.

A. Rousse, C. Rischel, S. Fourmaux, I. Uschmann, S. Sebban, G. Grillon, Ph. Balcou, E. Förster, J. P. Geindre, P. Audebert, J. C. Gauthier, and D. Hulin, “Non-thermal melting in semiconductors measured at femtosecond resolution,” Nature 410(6824), 65–68 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rousse, A.

A. Rousse, C. Rischel, S. Fourmaux, I. Uschmann, S. Sebban, G. Grillon, Ph. Balcou, E. Förster, J. P. Geindre, P. Audebert, J. C. Gauthier, and D. Hulin, “Non-thermal melting in semiconductors measured at femtosecond resolution,” Nature 410(6824), 65–68 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ruan, J.

Sansonetti, J. E.

J. E. Sansonetti and W. C. Martin, “Handbook of Basic Atomic Spectroscopic Data,” J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 34(4), 1559–2257 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sebban, S.

A. Rousse, C. Rischel, S. Fourmaux, I. Uschmann, S. Sebban, G. Grillon, Ph. Balcou, E. Förster, J. P. Geindre, P. Audebert, J. C. Gauthier, and D. Hulin, “Non-thermal melting in semiconductors measured at femtosecond resolution,” Nature 410(6824), 65–68 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sharonov, M. Yu.

Shimaoka, F.

Sokolov, V. O.

V. O. Sokolov, V. G. Plotnichenko, and E. M. Dianov, “Centers of broadband near-IR luminescence in bismuth-doped glasses,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 42(9), 095410 (2009).
[CrossRef]

V. O. Sokolov, V. G. Plotnichenko, and E. M. Dianov, “Origin of broadband near-infrared luminescence in bismuth-doped glasses,” Opt. Lett. 33(13), 1488–1490 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Spaeth, J.-M.

M. Fockele, F. Lohse, J.-M. Spaeth, and R. H. Barturam, “Identification and optical properties of axial lead centres in alkaline-earth fluorides,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 1(1), 13–26 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Stagira, S.

G. G. Paulus, F. Grasbon, H. Walther, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, E. Priori, and S. De Silvestri, “Absolute-phase phenomena in photoionization with few-cycle laser pulses,” Nature 414(6860), 182–184 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Su, L. B.

Sun, H. T.

Suzuki, T.

Y. Arai, T. Suzuki, Y. Ohishi, S. Morimoto, and S. Khonthon, “Ultrabroadband near-infrared emission from a colorless Bismuth-doped glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(26), 261110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Szeto, L.

L. F. Mollenauer, N. D. Vieira, and L. Szeto, “Optical properties of the Tl0(1) center in KCl,” Phys. Rev. B 27(9), 5332–5346 (1983).
[CrossRef]

L. F. Mollenauer, N. D. Vieira, and L. Szeto, “Mode locking by synchronous pumping using a gain medium with microsecond decay times,” Opt. Lett. 7(9), 414–416 (1982).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Truong, V. G.

V. G. Truong, L. Bigot, A. Lerouge, M. Douay, and I. Razdobreev, “Study of thermal stability and luminescence quenching properties of Bismuth-doped silicate glasses for fiber laser applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(4), 041908 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Udem, T.

T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Optical frequency metrology,” Nature 416(6877), 233–237 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Umnikov, A. A.

E. M. Dianov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Gur'yanov, “CW bismuth fibre laser,” Quantum Electron. 35(12), 1083–1084 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Uschmann, I.

A. Rousse, C. Rischel, S. Fourmaux, I. Uschmann, S. Sebban, G. Grillon, Ph. Balcou, E. Förster, J. P. Geindre, P. Audebert, J. C. Gauthier, and D. Hulin, “Non-thermal melting in semiconductors measured at femtosecond resolution,” Nature 410(6824), 65–68 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vieira, N. D.

L. F. Mollenauer, N. D. Vieira, and L. Szeto, “Optical properties of the Tl0(1) center in KCl,” Phys. Rev. B 27(9), 5332–5346 (1983).
[CrossRef]

L. F. Mollenauer, N. D. Vieira, and L. Szeto, “Mode locking by synchronous pumping using a gain medium with microsecond decay times,” Opt. Lett. 7(9), 414–416 (1982).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Villoresi, P.

G. G. Paulus, F. Grasbon, H. Walther, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, E. Priori, and S. De Silvestri, “Absolute-phase phenomena in photoionization with few-cycle laser pulses,” Nature 414(6860), 182–184 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Walther, H.

G. G. Paulus, F. Grasbon, H. Walther, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, E. Priori, and S. De Silvestri, “Absolute-phase phenomena in photoionization with few-cycle laser pulses,” Nature 414(6860), 182–184 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, C.

J. Ren, J. Qiu, D. Chen, C. Wang, X. Jiang, and C. Zhu, “Infrared luminescence properties of bismuth-doped barium silicate glasses,” J. Mater. Res. 22(7), 1954–1958 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wang, X. J.

H. P. Xia and X. J. Wang, “Near infrared broadband emission from Bi5+-doped Al2O3–GeO2–X (X=Na2O, BaO, Y2O3) glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(5), 051917 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wu, F.

Xia, H. P.

Xu, J.

Yang, H. C.

S. F. Zhou, N. Jiang, B. Zhu, H. C. Yang, S. Ye, G. Lakshminarayana, J. H. Hao, and J. R. Qiu, “Multifunctional Bismuth-doped nanoporous silica glass: from blue-green, orange, red, and white light sources to ultra-broadband infrared amplifiers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 18(9), 1407–1413 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yang, Q. H.

Yang, Y.

Yashkov, M. V.

E. M. Dianov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Gur'yanov, “CW bismuth fibre laser,” Quantum Electron. 35(12), 1083–1084 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ye, S.

S. F. Zhou, N. Jiang, B. Zhu, H. C. Yang, S. Ye, G. Lakshminarayana, J. H. Hao, and J. R. Qiu, “Multifunctional Bismuth-doped nanoporous silica glass: from blue-green, orange, red, and white light sources to ultra-broadband infrared amplifiers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 18(9), 1407–1413 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yu, J.

Zagorodnev, V. N.

Zhao, Q. Z.

Zheng, L. H.

Zhou, P.

Zhou, S. F.

S. F. Zhou, N. Jiang, B. Zhu, H. C. Yang, S. Ye, G. Lakshminarayana, J. H. Hao, and J. R. Qiu, “Multifunctional Bismuth-doped nanoporous silica glass: from blue-green, orange, red, and white light sources to ultra-broadband infrared amplifiers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 18(9), 1407–1413 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, B.

S. F. Zhou, N. Jiang, B. Zhu, H. C. Yang, S. Ye, G. Lakshminarayana, J. H. Hao, and J. R. Qiu, “Multifunctional Bismuth-doped nanoporous silica glass: from blue-green, orange, red, and white light sources to ultra-broadband infrared amplifiers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 18(9), 1407–1413 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, C.

J. Ren, J. Qiu, D. Chen, C. Wang, X. Jiang, and C. Zhu, “Infrared luminescence properties of bismuth-doped barium silicate glasses,” J. Mater. Res. 22(7), 1954–1958 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Peng, J. Qiu, D. Chen, X. Meng, and C. Zhu, “Superbroadband 1310 nm emission from Bismuth and Tantalum codoped germanium oxide glasses,” Opt. Lett. 30(18), 2433–2435 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhu, C. S.

Adv. Funct. Mater.

S. F. Zhou, N. Jiang, B. Zhu, H. C. Yang, S. Ye, G. Lakshminarayana, J. H. Hao, and J. R. Qiu, “Multifunctional Bismuth-doped nanoporous silica glass: from blue-green, orange, red, and white light sources to ultra-broadband infrared amplifiers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 18(9), 1407–1413 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

Y. Arai, T. Suzuki, Y. Ohishi, S. Morimoto, and S. Khonthon, “Ultrabroadband near-infrared emission from a colorless Bismuth-doped glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(26), 261110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. P. Xia and X. J. Wang, “Near infrared broadband emission from Bi5+-doped Al2O3–GeO2–X (X=Na2O, BaO, Y2O3) glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(5), 051917 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. G. Truong, L. Bigot, A. Lerouge, M. Douay, and I. Razdobreev, “Study of thermal stability and luminescence quenching properties of Bismuth-doped silicate glasses for fiber laser applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(4), 041908 (2008).
[CrossRef]

I. Razdobreev, L. Bigot, V. Pureur, A. Favre, G. Bouwmans, and M. Douay, “Efficient all-fiber Bismuth-doped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(3), 031103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Mater. Res.

J. Ren, J. Qiu, D. Chen, C. Wang, X. Jiang, and C. Zhu, “Infrared luminescence properties of bismuth-doped barium silicate glasses,” J. Mater. Res. 22(7), 1954–1958 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data

J. E. Sansonetti and W. C. Martin, “Handbook of Basic Atomic Spectroscopic Data,” J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 34(4), 1559–2257 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Condens. Matter

M. Fockele, F. Lohse, J.-M. Spaeth, and R. H. Barturam, “Identification and optical properties of axial lead centres in alkaline-earth fluorides,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 1(1), 13–26 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. D Appl. Phys.

V. O. Sokolov, V. G. Plotnichenko, and E. M. Dianov, “Centers of broadband near-IR luminescence in bismuth-doped glasses,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 42(9), 095410 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, “Infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped silica glass,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40(Part 2, No. 3B), 279–281 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Nature

U. Keller, “Recent developments in compact ultrafast lasers,” Nature 424(6950), 831–838 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Optical frequency metrology,” Nature 416(6877), 233–237 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. G. Paulus, F. Grasbon, H. Walther, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, E. Priori, and S. De Silvestri, “Absolute-phase phenomena in photoionization with few-cycle laser pulses,” Nature 414(6860), 182–184 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Rousse, C. Rischel, S. Fourmaux, I. Uschmann, S. Sebban, G. Grillon, Ph. Balcou, E. Förster, J. P. Geindre, P. Audebert, J. C. Gauthier, and D. Hulin, “Non-thermal melting in semiconductors measured at femtosecond resolution,” Nature 410(6824), 65–68 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

L. B. Su, J. Yu, P. Zhou, H. J. Li, L. H. Zheng, Y. Yang, F. Wu, H. P. Xia, and J. Xu, “Broadband near-infrared luminescence in γ-irradiated Bi-doped alpha-BaB2O4 single crystals,” Opt. Lett. 34(16), 2504–2506 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. T. Sun, Y. Miwa, F. Shimaoka, M. Fujii, A. Hosokawa, M. Mizuhata, S. Hayashi, and S. Deki, “Superbroadband near-IR nano-optical source based on bismuth-doped high-silica nanocrystalline zeolites,” Opt. Lett. 34(8), 1219–1221 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. O. Sokolov, V. G. Plotnichenko, and E. M. Dianov, “Origin of broadband near-infrared luminescence in bismuth-doped glasses,” Opt. Lett. 33(13), 1488–1490 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. F. Kustov, L. I. Bulatov, V. V. Dvoyrin, and V. M. Mashinsky, “Molecular orbital model of optical centers in Bismuth-doped glasses,” Opt. Lett. 34(10), 1549–1551 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. G. Okhrimchuk, L. N. Butvina, E. M. Dianov, N. V. Lichkova, V. N. Zagorodnev, and K. N. Boldyrev, “Near-infrared luminescence of RbPb2Cl5:Bi crystals,” Opt. Lett. 33(19), 2182–2184 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Peng, J. Qiu, D. Chen, X. Meng, and C. Zhu, “Superbroadband 1310 nm emission from Bismuth and Tantalum codoped germanium oxide glasses,” Opt. Lett. 30(18), 2433–2435 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Yu. Sharonov, A. B. Bykov, V. Petricevic, and R. R. Alfano, “Spectroscopic study of optical centers formed in Bi-, Pb-, Sb-, Sn-, Te-, and In-doped germanate glasses,” Opt. Lett. 33(18), 2131–2133 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. F. Mollenauer, N. D. Vieira, and L. Szeto, “Mode locking by synchronous pumping using a gain medium with microsecond decay times,” Opt. Lett. 7(9), 414–416 (1982).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. B

L. F. Mollenauer, N. D. Vieira, and L. Szeto, “Optical properties of the Tl0(1) center in KCl,” Phys. Rev. B 27(9), 5332–5346 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Status Solidi

A. A. Kaminskii, “Modern developments in the physics of crystalline laser materials,” Phys. Status Solidi 200(2), 215–296 (2003) (a).
[CrossRef]

Quantum Electron.

E. M. Dianov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Gur'yanov, “CW bismuth fibre laser,” Quantum Electron. 35(12), 1083–1084 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Other

International Atomic Energy Agency, “Absorbed dose determination in photon and electron beams, an international code of practice,” 2nd ed. Vienna: IAEA, Technical Reports Series No.277.56–57. (1997).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

NIR emission spectra of H2-annealed and γ-irradiated Bi:α-BaB2O4 crystals under excitation of 808 nm LD.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Absorption, excitation, and emission spectra of (a) γ-irradiated Bi:α-BaB2O4 crystal and (b) H2-annealed Bi:α-BaB2O4 crystal. The excitation source is 808 nm LD.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Schematic energy-level diagrams of Bi+ in the Bi:α-BaB2O4 crystals after H2-annealed and γ-irradiated.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Absorption spectra of electron-irradiated Bi:α- BaB2O4 crystal (solid line) and as-grown Bi:α-BaB2O4 crystal (dash line).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Near-infrared emission spectra of electron-irradiated Bi:α-BaB2O4 crystals under excitation of 808 nm LD

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Energies of multiplets of Bi+ ions in α-BaB2O4 crystals and free Bi+ ions [29]

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

V B a ' ' V B a + 2 e
B i 3 + + 2 e B i +

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