Abstract

The performance of a diode-end-pumped passively Q-switched dual-wavelength Nd:GGG laser operating at 932.9 and 936.5nm with V3+:YAG as the saturable absorber was demonstrated for the first time to the best of our knowledge. The maximum dual-wavelength average output power of 150mW was achieved with a T = 2% output coupler under the absorbed pump power of 2.55W, corresponding to the optical-to-optical conversion and slope efficiency of 5.9% and 8.0%, respectively. The minimum pulse width was 395ns with the pulse repetition frequency of 140kHz, which was attained with a T = 5% output coupler under the absorbed pump power of 2.55W.

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  5. P. Tidemand-Lichtenberg, J. Janousek, R. Melich, J. L. Mortensen, and P. Buchhave, “Synchronization of 1064 and 1342 nm pulses using passive saturable absorbers,” Opt. Commun. 241(4-6), 487–492 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2009 (4)

H.-T. Huang, B.-T. Zhang, J.-L. He, J.-F. Yang, J.-L. Xu, X.-Q. Yang, C.-H. Zuo, and S. Zhao, “Diode-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:Gd0.5Y0.5VO4 laser at 1.34 microm with V3+:YAG as the saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 17(9), 6946–6951 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-9-6946 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C.-H. Zuo, B.-T. Zhang, J.-L. He, X.-L. Dong, J.-F. Yang, H.-T. Huang, J.-L. Xu, S. Zhao, C.-M. Dong, and X.-T. Tao, “CW and passive Q-switching of 1331-nm Nd:GGG laser with Co2+:LMA saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. B 95(1), 75–80 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. He, C. Gao, Z. Wei, D. Li, Z. Zhang, H. J. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Diode-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:LuVO4 laser at 916nm,” Opt. Commun. 282(12), 2413–2416 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Q. Li, B. Feng, D. Zhang, Z. Zhang, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Q-switched 935 nm Nd:CNGG laser,” Appl. Opt. 48(10), 1898–1903 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-48-10-1898 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (4)

Y. P. Huang, K. W. Su, A. Li, Y. F. Chen, and K. F. Huang, “High-peak-power passively Q-switched Nd:YAG laser at 946nm,” Appl. Phys. B 91(3-4), 429–432 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. Lisak and J. T. Hodges, “Low-uncertainty H2O line intensities for the 930-nm region,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 249(1), 6–13 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. J. Qin, D. Y. Tang, G. Q. Xie, H. Luo, C. M. Dong, Z. T. Jia, H. H. Yu, and X. T. Tao, “Diode-end-pumped passively mode-locked Nd:GGG laser with a semiconductor saturable mirror,” Opt. Commun. 281(18), 4762–4764 (2008).
[CrossRef]

F. Q. Liu, J. L. He, B. T. Zhang, J. L. Xu, X. L. Dong, K. J. Yang, H. R. Xia, and H. J. Zhang, “Diode-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:LuVO4 laser at 1.34μm with a V3+:YAG saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 16, 1759–11763 (2008), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-16-11759 .

2007 (1)

Z. Chun-Yu, G. Chun-Qing, Z. Ling, W. Zhi-Yi, and Z. Zhi-Guo, “Laser Performance of Nd:GGG Operating at 938 nm,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 24(2), 440–441 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

Z. Jia, X. T. Tao, C. Dong, X. Cheng, W. Zhang, F. Xu, and M. Jiang, “Study on crystal growth of large size Nd3+:Gd3Ga5O12 (Nd3+:GGG) by Czochralski method,” J. Cryst. Growth 292(2), 386–390 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Zhang, L. Su, H. Li, X. Qian, and J. Xu, “Characteristics and optical spectra of V:YAG crystal grown in reducing atmosphere,” J. Cryst. Growth 294(2), 437–441 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

P. Tidemand-Lichtenberg, J. Janousek, R. Melich, J. L. Mortensen, and P. Buchhave, “Synchronization of 1064 and 1342 nm pulses using passive saturable absorbers,” Opt. Commun. 241(4-6), 487–492 (2004).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

A. M. Malyarevich, I. A. Denisov, K. V. Yumashev, V. P. Mikhailov, R. S. Conroy, and B. D. Sinclair, “V:YAG-a new passive Q-switch for diode-pumped solid-state lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 67(5), 555–558 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, A. M. Malyarevich, P. V. Prokoshin, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. N. Posnov, V. P. Mikhailov, and V. A. Sandulenko, “Ultrafast dynamics of excited-state absorption in V3+:YAG crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 80(8), 4782–4784 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

V. P. Mikhailov, N. V. Kuleshov, N. I. Zhavoronkov, P. V. Prokohsin, K. V. Yumashev, and V. A. Sandulenko, “Optical absorption and nonlinear transmission of tetrahedral V3+ (d2) in yttrium aluminum garnet,” Opt. Mater. 2(4), 267–272 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

K. Yoshida, H. Yoshida, and Y. Kato, “Characterization of high average power Nd:GGG slab lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24(6), 1188–1192 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1971 (1)

M. J. Weber and L. A. Riseberg, “Optical Spectra of Vanadium Ions in Yttrium Aluminum Garnet,” J. Chem. Phys. 55(5), 2032–2038 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Buchhave, P.

P. Tidemand-Lichtenberg, J. Janousek, R. Melich, J. L. Mortensen, and P. Buchhave, “Synchronization of 1064 and 1342 nm pulses using passive saturable absorbers,” Opt. Commun. 241(4-6), 487–492 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y. F.

Y. P. Huang, K. W. Su, A. Li, Y. F. Chen, and K. F. Huang, “High-peak-power passively Q-switched Nd:YAG laser at 946nm,” Appl. Phys. B 91(3-4), 429–432 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, X.

Z. Jia, X. T. Tao, C. Dong, X. Cheng, W. Zhang, F. Xu, and M. Jiang, “Study on crystal growth of large size Nd3+:Gd3Ga5O12 (Nd3+:GGG) by Czochralski method,” J. Cryst. Growth 292(2), 386–390 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chun-Qing, G.

Z. Chun-Yu, G. Chun-Qing, Z. Ling, W. Zhi-Yi, and Z. Zhi-Guo, “Laser Performance of Nd:GGG Operating at 938 nm,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 24(2), 440–441 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chun-Yu, Z.

Z. Chun-Yu, G. Chun-Qing, Z. Ling, W. Zhi-Yi, and Z. Zhi-Guo, “Laser Performance of Nd:GGG Operating at 938 nm,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 24(2), 440–441 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Conroy, R. S.

A. M. Malyarevich, I. A. Denisov, K. V. Yumashev, V. P. Mikhailov, R. S. Conroy, and B. D. Sinclair, “V:YAG-a new passive Q-switch for diode-pumped solid-state lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 67(5), 555–558 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Denisov, I. A.

A. M. Malyarevich, I. A. Denisov, K. V. Yumashev, V. P. Mikhailov, R. S. Conroy, and B. D. Sinclair, “V:YAG-a new passive Q-switch for diode-pumped solid-state lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 67(5), 555–558 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Dong, C.

Z. Jia, X. T. Tao, C. Dong, X. Cheng, W. Zhang, F. Xu, and M. Jiang, “Study on crystal growth of large size Nd3+:Gd3Ga5O12 (Nd3+:GGG) by Czochralski method,” J. Cryst. Growth 292(2), 386–390 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Dong, C. M.

L. J. Qin, D. Y. Tang, G. Q. Xie, H. Luo, C. M. Dong, Z. T. Jia, H. H. Yu, and X. T. Tao, “Diode-end-pumped passively mode-locked Nd:GGG laser with a semiconductor saturable mirror,” Opt. Commun. 281(18), 4762–4764 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dong, C.-M.

C.-H. Zuo, B.-T. Zhang, J.-L. He, X.-L. Dong, J.-F. Yang, H.-T. Huang, J.-L. Xu, S. Zhao, C.-M. Dong, and X.-T. Tao, “CW and passive Q-switching of 1331-nm Nd:GGG laser with Co2+:LMA saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. B 95(1), 75–80 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Dong, X. L.

F. Q. Liu, J. L. He, B. T. Zhang, J. L. Xu, X. L. Dong, K. J. Yang, H. R. Xia, and H. J. Zhang, “Diode-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:LuVO4 laser at 1.34μm with a V3+:YAG saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 16, 1759–11763 (2008), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-16-11759 .

Dong, X.-L.

C.-H. Zuo, B.-T. Zhang, J.-L. He, X.-L. Dong, J.-F. Yang, H.-T. Huang, J.-L. Xu, S. Zhao, C.-M. Dong, and X.-T. Tao, “CW and passive Q-switching of 1331-nm Nd:GGG laser with Co2+:LMA saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. B 95(1), 75–80 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Feng, B.

Gao, C.

K. He, C. Gao, Z. Wei, D. Li, Z. Zhang, H. J. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Diode-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:LuVO4 laser at 916nm,” Opt. Commun. 282(12), 2413–2416 (2009).
[CrossRef]

He, J. L.

F. Q. Liu, J. L. He, B. T. Zhang, J. L. Xu, X. L. Dong, K. J. Yang, H. R. Xia, and H. J. Zhang, “Diode-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:LuVO4 laser at 1.34μm with a V3+:YAG saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 16, 1759–11763 (2008), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-16-11759 .

He, J.-L.

C.-H. Zuo, B.-T. Zhang, J.-L. He, X.-L. Dong, J.-F. Yang, H.-T. Huang, J.-L. Xu, S. Zhao, C.-M. Dong, and X.-T. Tao, “CW and passive Q-switching of 1331-nm Nd:GGG laser with Co2+:LMA saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. B 95(1), 75–80 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H.-T. Huang, B.-T. Zhang, J.-L. He, J.-F. Yang, J.-L. Xu, X.-Q. Yang, C.-H. Zuo, and S. Zhao, “Diode-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:Gd0.5Y0.5VO4 laser at 1.34 microm with V3+:YAG as the saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 17(9), 6946–6951 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-9-6946 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

He, K.

K. He, C. Gao, Z. Wei, D. Li, Z. Zhang, H. J. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Diode-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:LuVO4 laser at 916nm,” Opt. Commun. 282(12), 2413–2416 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hodges, J. T.

D. Lisak and J. T. Hodges, “Low-uncertainty H2O line intensities for the 930-nm region,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 249(1), 6–13 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Huang, H.-T.

C.-H. Zuo, B.-T. Zhang, J.-L. He, X.-L. Dong, J.-F. Yang, H.-T. Huang, J.-L. Xu, S. Zhao, C.-M. Dong, and X.-T. Tao, “CW and passive Q-switching of 1331-nm Nd:GGG laser with Co2+:LMA saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. B 95(1), 75–80 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H.-T. Huang, B.-T. Zhang, J.-L. He, J.-F. Yang, J.-L. Xu, X.-Q. Yang, C.-H. Zuo, and S. Zhao, “Diode-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:Gd0.5Y0.5VO4 laser at 1.34 microm with V3+:YAG as the saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 17(9), 6946–6951 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-9-6946 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huang, K. F.

Y. P. Huang, K. W. Su, A. Li, Y. F. Chen, and K. F. Huang, “High-peak-power passively Q-switched Nd:YAG laser at 946nm,” Appl. Phys. B 91(3-4), 429–432 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Huang, Y. P.

Y. P. Huang, K. W. Su, A. Li, Y. F. Chen, and K. F. Huang, “High-peak-power passively Q-switched Nd:YAG laser at 946nm,” Appl. Phys. B 91(3-4), 429–432 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Janousek, J.

P. Tidemand-Lichtenberg, J. Janousek, R. Melich, J. L. Mortensen, and P. Buchhave, “Synchronization of 1064 and 1342 nm pulses using passive saturable absorbers,” Opt. Commun. 241(4-6), 487–492 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jia, Z.

Z. Jia, X. T. Tao, C. Dong, X. Cheng, W. Zhang, F. Xu, and M. Jiang, “Study on crystal growth of large size Nd3+:Gd3Ga5O12 (Nd3+:GGG) by Czochralski method,” J. Cryst. Growth 292(2), 386–390 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jia, Z. T.

L. J. Qin, D. Y. Tang, G. Q. Xie, H. Luo, C. M. Dong, Z. T. Jia, H. H. Yu, and X. T. Tao, “Diode-end-pumped passively mode-locked Nd:GGG laser with a semiconductor saturable mirror,” Opt. Commun. 281(18), 4762–4764 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, M.

Z. Jia, X. T. Tao, C. Dong, X. Cheng, W. Zhang, F. Xu, and M. Jiang, “Study on crystal growth of large size Nd3+:Gd3Ga5O12 (Nd3+:GGG) by Czochralski method,” J. Cryst. Growth 292(2), 386–390 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kato, Y.

K. Yoshida, H. Yoshida, and Y. Kato, “Characterization of high average power Nd:GGG slab lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24(6), 1188–1192 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Kuleshov, N. V.

K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, A. M. Malyarevich, P. V. Prokoshin, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. N. Posnov, V. P. Mikhailov, and V. A. Sandulenko, “Ultrafast dynamics of excited-state absorption in V3+:YAG crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 80(8), 4782–4784 (1996).
[CrossRef]

V. P. Mikhailov, N. V. Kuleshov, N. I. Zhavoronkov, P. V. Prokohsin, K. V. Yumashev, and V. A. Sandulenko, “Optical absorption and nonlinear transmission of tetrahedral V3+ (d2) in yttrium aluminum garnet,” Opt. Mater. 2(4), 267–272 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Li, A.

Y. P. Huang, K. W. Su, A. Li, Y. F. Chen, and K. F. Huang, “High-peak-power passively Q-switched Nd:YAG laser at 946nm,” Appl. Phys. B 91(3-4), 429–432 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Li, D.

K. He, C. Gao, Z. Wei, D. Li, Z. Zhang, H. J. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Diode-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:LuVO4 laser at 916nm,” Opt. Commun. 282(12), 2413–2416 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Li, H.

D. Zhang, L. Su, H. Li, X. Qian, and J. Xu, “Characteristics and optical spectra of V:YAG crystal grown in reducing atmosphere,” J. Cryst. Growth 294(2), 437–441 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Li, Q.

Ling, Z.

Z. Chun-Yu, G. Chun-Qing, Z. Ling, W. Zhi-Yi, and Z. Zhi-Guo, “Laser Performance of Nd:GGG Operating at 938 nm,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 24(2), 440–441 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lisak, D.

D. Lisak and J. T. Hodges, “Low-uncertainty H2O line intensities for the 930-nm region,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 249(1), 6–13 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Liu, F. Q.

F. Q. Liu, J. L. He, B. T. Zhang, J. L. Xu, X. L. Dong, K. J. Yang, H. R. Xia, and H. J. Zhang, “Diode-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:LuVO4 laser at 1.34μm with a V3+:YAG saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 16, 1759–11763 (2008), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-16-11759 .

Luo, H.

L. J. Qin, D. Y. Tang, G. Q. Xie, H. Luo, C. M. Dong, Z. T. Jia, H. H. Yu, and X. T. Tao, “Diode-end-pumped passively mode-locked Nd:GGG laser with a semiconductor saturable mirror,” Opt. Commun. 281(18), 4762–4764 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Malyarevich, A. M.

A. M. Malyarevich, I. A. Denisov, K. V. Yumashev, V. P. Mikhailov, R. S. Conroy, and B. D. Sinclair, “V:YAG-a new passive Q-switch for diode-pumped solid-state lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 67(5), 555–558 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, A. M. Malyarevich, P. V. Prokoshin, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. N. Posnov, V. P. Mikhailov, and V. A. Sandulenko, “Ultrafast dynamics of excited-state absorption in V3+:YAG crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 80(8), 4782–4784 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Melich, R.

P. Tidemand-Lichtenberg, J. Janousek, R. Melich, J. L. Mortensen, and P. Buchhave, “Synchronization of 1064 and 1342 nm pulses using passive saturable absorbers,” Opt. Commun. 241(4-6), 487–492 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mikhailov, V. P.

A. M. Malyarevich, I. A. Denisov, K. V. Yumashev, V. P. Mikhailov, R. S. Conroy, and B. D. Sinclair, “V:YAG-a new passive Q-switch for diode-pumped solid-state lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 67(5), 555–558 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, A. M. Malyarevich, P. V. Prokoshin, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. N. Posnov, V. P. Mikhailov, and V. A. Sandulenko, “Ultrafast dynamics of excited-state absorption in V3+:YAG crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 80(8), 4782–4784 (1996).
[CrossRef]

V. P. Mikhailov, N. V. Kuleshov, N. I. Zhavoronkov, P. V. Prokohsin, K. V. Yumashev, and V. A. Sandulenko, “Optical absorption and nonlinear transmission of tetrahedral V3+ (d2) in yttrium aluminum garnet,” Opt. Mater. 2(4), 267–272 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Mortensen, J. L.

P. Tidemand-Lichtenberg, J. Janousek, R. Melich, J. L. Mortensen, and P. Buchhave, “Synchronization of 1064 and 1342 nm pulses using passive saturable absorbers,” Opt. Commun. 241(4-6), 487–492 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Posnov, N. N.

K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, A. M. Malyarevich, P. V. Prokoshin, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. N. Posnov, V. P. Mikhailov, and V. A. Sandulenko, “Ultrafast dynamics of excited-state absorption in V3+:YAG crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 80(8), 4782–4784 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Prokohsin, P. V.

V. P. Mikhailov, N. V. Kuleshov, N. I. Zhavoronkov, P. V. Prokohsin, K. V. Yumashev, and V. A. Sandulenko, “Optical absorption and nonlinear transmission of tetrahedral V3+ (d2) in yttrium aluminum garnet,” Opt. Mater. 2(4), 267–272 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Prokoshin, P. V.

K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, A. M. Malyarevich, P. V. Prokoshin, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. N. Posnov, V. P. Mikhailov, and V. A. Sandulenko, “Ultrafast dynamics of excited-state absorption in V3+:YAG crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 80(8), 4782–4784 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Qian, X.

D. Zhang, L. Su, H. Li, X. Qian, and J. Xu, “Characteristics and optical spectra of V:YAG crystal grown in reducing atmosphere,” J. Cryst. Growth 294(2), 437–441 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Qin, L. J.

L. J. Qin, D. Y. Tang, G. Q. Xie, H. Luo, C. M. Dong, Z. T. Jia, H. H. Yu, and X. T. Tao, “Diode-end-pumped passively mode-locked Nd:GGG laser with a semiconductor saturable mirror,” Opt. Commun. 281(18), 4762–4764 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Riseberg, L. A.

M. J. Weber and L. A. Riseberg, “Optical Spectra of Vanadium Ions in Yttrium Aluminum Garnet,” J. Chem. Phys. 55(5), 2032–2038 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Sandulenko, V. A.

K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, A. M. Malyarevich, P. V. Prokoshin, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. N. Posnov, V. P. Mikhailov, and V. A. Sandulenko, “Ultrafast dynamics of excited-state absorption in V3+:YAG crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 80(8), 4782–4784 (1996).
[CrossRef]

V. P. Mikhailov, N. V. Kuleshov, N. I. Zhavoronkov, P. V. Prokohsin, K. V. Yumashev, and V. A. Sandulenko, “Optical absorption and nonlinear transmission of tetrahedral V3+ (d2) in yttrium aluminum garnet,” Opt. Mater. 2(4), 267–272 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Shcherbitsky, V. G.

K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, A. M. Malyarevich, P. V. Prokoshin, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. N. Posnov, V. P. Mikhailov, and V. A. Sandulenko, “Ultrafast dynamics of excited-state absorption in V3+:YAG crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 80(8), 4782–4784 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Sinclair, B. D.

A. M. Malyarevich, I. A. Denisov, K. V. Yumashev, V. P. Mikhailov, R. S. Conroy, and B. D. Sinclair, “V:YAG-a new passive Q-switch for diode-pumped solid-state lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 67(5), 555–558 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Su, K. W.

Y. P. Huang, K. W. Su, A. Li, Y. F. Chen, and K. F. Huang, “High-peak-power passively Q-switched Nd:YAG laser at 946nm,” Appl. Phys. B 91(3-4), 429–432 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Su, L.

D. Zhang, L. Su, H. Li, X. Qian, and J. Xu, “Characteristics and optical spectra of V:YAG crystal grown in reducing atmosphere,” J. Cryst. Growth 294(2), 437–441 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tang, D. Y.

L. J. Qin, D. Y. Tang, G. Q. Xie, H. Luo, C. M. Dong, Z. T. Jia, H. H. Yu, and X. T. Tao, “Diode-end-pumped passively mode-locked Nd:GGG laser with a semiconductor saturable mirror,” Opt. Commun. 281(18), 4762–4764 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tao, X. T.

L. J. Qin, D. Y. Tang, G. Q. Xie, H. Luo, C. M. Dong, Z. T. Jia, H. H. Yu, and X. T. Tao, “Diode-end-pumped passively mode-locked Nd:GGG laser with a semiconductor saturable mirror,” Opt. Commun. 281(18), 4762–4764 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Z. Jia, X. T. Tao, C. Dong, X. Cheng, W. Zhang, F. Xu, and M. Jiang, “Study on crystal growth of large size Nd3+:Gd3Ga5O12 (Nd3+:GGG) by Czochralski method,” J. Cryst. Growth 292(2), 386–390 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tao, X.-T.

C.-H. Zuo, B.-T. Zhang, J.-L. He, X.-L. Dong, J.-F. Yang, H.-T. Huang, J.-L. Xu, S. Zhao, C.-M. Dong, and X.-T. Tao, “CW and passive Q-switching of 1331-nm Nd:GGG laser with Co2+:LMA saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. B 95(1), 75–80 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tidemand-Lichtenberg, P.

P. Tidemand-Lichtenberg, J. Janousek, R. Melich, J. L. Mortensen, and P. Buchhave, “Synchronization of 1064 and 1342 nm pulses using passive saturable absorbers,” Opt. Commun. 241(4-6), 487–492 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

K. He, C. Gao, Z. Wei, D. Li, Z. Zhang, H. J. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Diode-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:LuVO4 laser at 916nm,” Opt. Commun. 282(12), 2413–2416 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Q. Li, B. Feng, D. Zhang, Z. Zhang, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Q-switched 935 nm Nd:CNGG laser,” Appl. Opt. 48(10), 1898–1903 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-48-10-1898 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weber, M. J.

M. J. Weber and L. A. Riseberg, “Optical Spectra of Vanadium Ions in Yttrium Aluminum Garnet,” J. Chem. Phys. 55(5), 2032–2038 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Wei, Z.

K. He, C. Gao, Z. Wei, D. Li, Z. Zhang, H. J. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Diode-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:LuVO4 laser at 916nm,” Opt. Commun. 282(12), 2413–2416 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Xia, H. R.

F. Q. Liu, J. L. He, B. T. Zhang, J. L. Xu, X. L. Dong, K. J. Yang, H. R. Xia, and H. J. Zhang, “Diode-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:LuVO4 laser at 1.34μm with a V3+:YAG saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 16, 1759–11763 (2008), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-16-11759 .

Xie, G. Q.

L. J. Qin, D. Y. Tang, G. Q. Xie, H. Luo, C. M. Dong, Z. T. Jia, H. H. Yu, and X. T. Tao, “Diode-end-pumped passively mode-locked Nd:GGG laser with a semiconductor saturable mirror,” Opt. Commun. 281(18), 4762–4764 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Xu, F.

Z. Jia, X. T. Tao, C. Dong, X. Cheng, W. Zhang, F. Xu, and M. Jiang, “Study on crystal growth of large size Nd3+:Gd3Ga5O12 (Nd3+:GGG) by Czochralski method,” J. Cryst. Growth 292(2), 386–390 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Xu, J.

D. Zhang, L. Su, H. Li, X. Qian, and J. Xu, “Characteristics and optical spectra of V:YAG crystal grown in reducing atmosphere,” J. Cryst. Growth 294(2), 437–441 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Xu, J. L.

F. Q. Liu, J. L. He, B. T. Zhang, J. L. Xu, X. L. Dong, K. J. Yang, H. R. Xia, and H. J. Zhang, “Diode-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:LuVO4 laser at 1.34μm with a V3+:YAG saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 16, 1759–11763 (2008), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-16-11759 .

Xu, J.-L.

C.-H. Zuo, B.-T. Zhang, J.-L. He, X.-L. Dong, J.-F. Yang, H.-T. Huang, J.-L. Xu, S. Zhao, C.-M. Dong, and X.-T. Tao, “CW and passive Q-switching of 1331-nm Nd:GGG laser with Co2+:LMA saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. B 95(1), 75–80 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H.-T. Huang, B.-T. Zhang, J.-L. He, J.-F. Yang, J.-L. Xu, X.-Q. Yang, C.-H. Zuo, and S. Zhao, “Diode-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:Gd0.5Y0.5VO4 laser at 1.34 microm with V3+:YAG as the saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 17(9), 6946–6951 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-9-6946 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, J.-F.

H.-T. Huang, B.-T. Zhang, J.-L. He, J.-F. Yang, J.-L. Xu, X.-Q. Yang, C.-H. Zuo, and S. Zhao, “Diode-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:Gd0.5Y0.5VO4 laser at 1.34 microm with V3+:YAG as the saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 17(9), 6946–6951 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-9-6946 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C.-H. Zuo, B.-T. Zhang, J.-L. He, X.-L. Dong, J.-F. Yang, H.-T. Huang, J.-L. Xu, S. Zhao, C.-M. Dong, and X.-T. Tao, “CW and passive Q-switching of 1331-nm Nd:GGG laser with Co2+:LMA saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. B 95(1), 75–80 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yang, K. J.

F. Q. Liu, J. L. He, B. T. Zhang, J. L. Xu, X. L. Dong, K. J. Yang, H. R. Xia, and H. J. Zhang, “Diode-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:LuVO4 laser at 1.34μm with a V3+:YAG saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 16, 1759–11763 (2008), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-16-11759 .

Yang, X.-Q.

Yoshida, H.

K. Yoshida, H. Yoshida, and Y. Kato, “Characterization of high average power Nd:GGG slab lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24(6), 1188–1192 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Yoshida, K.

K. Yoshida, H. Yoshida, and Y. Kato, “Characterization of high average power Nd:GGG slab lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24(6), 1188–1192 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Yu, H. H.

L. J. Qin, D. Y. Tang, G. Q. Xie, H. Luo, C. M. Dong, Z. T. Jia, H. H. Yu, and X. T. Tao, “Diode-end-pumped passively mode-locked Nd:GGG laser with a semiconductor saturable mirror,” Opt. Commun. 281(18), 4762–4764 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yumashev, K. V.

A. M. Malyarevich, I. A. Denisov, K. V. Yumashev, V. P. Mikhailov, R. S. Conroy, and B. D. Sinclair, “V:YAG-a new passive Q-switch for diode-pumped solid-state lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 67(5), 555–558 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, A. M. Malyarevich, P. V. Prokoshin, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. N. Posnov, V. P. Mikhailov, and V. A. Sandulenko, “Ultrafast dynamics of excited-state absorption in V3+:YAG crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 80(8), 4782–4784 (1996).
[CrossRef]

V. P. Mikhailov, N. V. Kuleshov, N. I. Zhavoronkov, P. V. Prokohsin, K. V. Yumashev, and V. A. Sandulenko, “Optical absorption and nonlinear transmission of tetrahedral V3+ (d2) in yttrium aluminum garnet,” Opt. Mater. 2(4), 267–272 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, B. T.

F. Q. Liu, J. L. He, B. T. Zhang, J. L. Xu, X. L. Dong, K. J. Yang, H. R. Xia, and H. J. Zhang, “Diode-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:LuVO4 laser at 1.34μm with a V3+:YAG saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 16, 1759–11763 (2008), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-16-11759 .

Zhang, B.-T.

C.-H. Zuo, B.-T. Zhang, J.-L. He, X.-L. Dong, J.-F. Yang, H.-T. Huang, J.-L. Xu, S. Zhao, C.-M. Dong, and X.-T. Tao, “CW and passive Q-switching of 1331-nm Nd:GGG laser with Co2+:LMA saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. B 95(1), 75–80 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H.-T. Huang, B.-T. Zhang, J.-L. He, J.-F. Yang, J.-L. Xu, X.-Q. Yang, C.-H. Zuo, and S. Zhao, “Diode-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:Gd0.5Y0.5VO4 laser at 1.34 microm with V3+:YAG as the saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 17(9), 6946–6951 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-9-6946 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, D.

Q. Li, B. Feng, D. Zhang, Z. Zhang, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Q-switched 935 nm Nd:CNGG laser,” Appl. Opt. 48(10), 1898–1903 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-48-10-1898 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Zhang, L. Su, H. Li, X. Qian, and J. Xu, “Characteristics and optical spectra of V:YAG crystal grown in reducing atmosphere,” J. Cryst. Growth 294(2), 437–441 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, H.

Zhang, H. J.

K. He, C. Gao, Z. Wei, D. Li, Z. Zhang, H. J. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Diode-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:LuVO4 laser at 916nm,” Opt. Commun. 282(12), 2413–2416 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. Q. Liu, J. L. He, B. T. Zhang, J. L. Xu, X. L. Dong, K. J. Yang, H. R. Xia, and H. J. Zhang, “Diode-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:LuVO4 laser at 1.34μm with a V3+:YAG saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 16, 1759–11763 (2008), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-16-11759 .

Zhang, W.

Z. Jia, X. T. Tao, C. Dong, X. Cheng, W. Zhang, F. Xu, and M. Jiang, “Study on crystal growth of large size Nd3+:Gd3Ga5O12 (Nd3+:GGG) by Czochralski method,” J. Cryst. Growth 292(2), 386–390 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Z.

K. He, C. Gao, Z. Wei, D. Li, Z. Zhang, H. J. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Diode-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:LuVO4 laser at 916nm,” Opt. Commun. 282(12), 2413–2416 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Q. Li, B. Feng, D. Zhang, Z. Zhang, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Q-switched 935 nm Nd:CNGG laser,” Appl. Opt. 48(10), 1898–1903 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-48-10-1898 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhao, S.

H.-T. Huang, B.-T. Zhang, J.-L. He, J.-F. Yang, J.-L. Xu, X.-Q. Yang, C.-H. Zuo, and S. Zhao, “Diode-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:Gd0.5Y0.5VO4 laser at 1.34 microm with V3+:YAG as the saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 17(9), 6946–6951 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-9-6946 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C.-H. Zuo, B.-T. Zhang, J.-L. He, X.-L. Dong, J.-F. Yang, H.-T. Huang, J.-L. Xu, S. Zhao, C.-M. Dong, and X.-T. Tao, “CW and passive Q-switching of 1331-nm Nd:GGG laser with Co2+:LMA saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. B 95(1), 75–80 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhavoronkov, N. I.

V. P. Mikhailov, N. V. Kuleshov, N. I. Zhavoronkov, P. V. Prokohsin, K. V. Yumashev, and V. A. Sandulenko, “Optical absorption and nonlinear transmission of tetrahedral V3+ (d2) in yttrium aluminum garnet,” Opt. Mater. 2(4), 267–272 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Zhi-Guo, Z.

Z. Chun-Yu, G. Chun-Qing, Z. Ling, W. Zhi-Yi, and Z. Zhi-Guo, “Laser Performance of Nd:GGG Operating at 938 nm,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 24(2), 440–441 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhi-Yi, W.

Z. Chun-Yu, G. Chun-Qing, Z. Ling, W. Zhi-Yi, and Z. Zhi-Guo, “Laser Performance of Nd:GGG Operating at 938 nm,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 24(2), 440–441 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zuo, C.-H.

H.-T. Huang, B.-T. Zhang, J.-L. He, J.-F. Yang, J.-L. Xu, X.-Q. Yang, C.-H. Zuo, and S. Zhao, “Diode-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:Gd0.5Y0.5VO4 laser at 1.34 microm with V3+:YAG as the saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 17(9), 6946–6951 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-9-6946 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C.-H. Zuo, B.-T. Zhang, J.-L. He, X.-L. Dong, J.-F. Yang, H.-T. Huang, J.-L. Xu, S. Zhao, C.-M. Dong, and X.-T. Tao, “CW and passive Q-switching of 1331-nm Nd:GGG laser with Co2+:LMA saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. B 95(1), 75–80 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (3)

Y. P. Huang, K. W. Su, A. Li, Y. F. Chen, and K. F. Huang, “High-peak-power passively Q-switched Nd:YAG laser at 946nm,” Appl. Phys. B 91(3-4), 429–432 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C.-H. Zuo, B.-T. Zhang, J.-L. He, X.-L. Dong, J.-F. Yang, H.-T. Huang, J.-L. Xu, S. Zhao, C.-M. Dong, and X.-T. Tao, “CW and passive Q-switching of 1331-nm Nd:GGG laser with Co2+:LMA saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. B 95(1), 75–80 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Malyarevich, I. A. Denisov, K. V. Yumashev, V. P. Mikhailov, R. S. Conroy, and B. D. Sinclair, “V:YAG-a new passive Q-switch for diode-pumped solid-state lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 67(5), 555–558 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chin. Phys. Lett. (1)

Z. Chun-Yu, G. Chun-Qing, Z. Ling, W. Zhi-Yi, and Z. Zhi-Guo, “Laser Performance of Nd:GGG Operating at 938 nm,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 24(2), 440–441 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

K. Yoshida, H. Yoshida, and Y. Kato, “Characterization of high average power Nd:GGG slab lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24(6), 1188–1192 (1988).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, A. M. Malyarevich, P. V. Prokoshin, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. N. Posnov, V. P. Mikhailov, and V. A. Sandulenko, “Ultrafast dynamics of excited-state absorption in V3+:YAG crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 80(8), 4782–4784 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

M. J. Weber and L. A. Riseberg, “Optical Spectra of Vanadium Ions in Yttrium Aluminum Garnet,” J. Chem. Phys. 55(5), 2032–2038 (1971).
[CrossRef]

J. Cryst. Growth (2)

D. Zhang, L. Su, H. Li, X. Qian, and J. Xu, “Characteristics and optical spectra of V:YAG crystal grown in reducing atmosphere,” J. Cryst. Growth 294(2), 437–441 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Z. Jia, X. T. Tao, C. Dong, X. Cheng, W. Zhang, F. Xu, and M. Jiang, “Study on crystal growth of large size Nd3+:Gd3Ga5O12 (Nd3+:GGG) by Czochralski method,” J. Cryst. Growth 292(2), 386–390 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Mol. Spectrosc. (1)

D. Lisak and J. T. Hodges, “Low-uncertainty H2O line intensities for the 930-nm region,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 249(1), 6–13 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (3)

P. Tidemand-Lichtenberg, J. Janousek, R. Melich, J. L. Mortensen, and P. Buchhave, “Synchronization of 1064 and 1342 nm pulses using passive saturable absorbers,” Opt. Commun. 241(4-6), 487–492 (2004).
[CrossRef]

L. J. Qin, D. Y. Tang, G. Q. Xie, H. Luo, C. M. Dong, Z. T. Jia, H. H. Yu, and X. T. Tao, “Diode-end-pumped passively mode-locked Nd:GGG laser with a semiconductor saturable mirror,” Opt. Commun. 281(18), 4762–4764 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. He, C. Gao, Z. Wei, D. Li, Z. Zhang, H. J. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Diode-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:LuVO4 laser at 916nm,” Opt. Commun. 282(12), 2413–2416 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

F. Q. Liu, J. L. He, B. T. Zhang, J. L. Xu, X. L. Dong, K. J. Yang, H. R. Xia, and H. J. Zhang, “Diode-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:LuVO4 laser at 1.34μm with a V3+:YAG saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 16, 1759–11763 (2008), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-16-11759 .

H.-T. Huang, B.-T. Zhang, J.-L. He, J.-F. Yang, J.-L. Xu, X.-Q. Yang, C.-H. Zuo, and S. Zhao, “Diode-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:Gd0.5Y0.5VO4 laser at 1.34 microm with V3+:YAG as the saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 17(9), 6946–6951 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-9-6946 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Mater. (1)

V. P. Mikhailov, N. V. Kuleshov, N. I. Zhavoronkov, P. V. Prokohsin, K. V. Yumashev, and V. A. Sandulenko, “Optical absorption and nonlinear transmission of tetrahedral V3+ (d2) in yttrium aluminum garnet,” Opt. Mater. 2(4), 267–272 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

K. Cynthia, Williamson, Syed Ismail, Edward V. Browell, “Spectroscopy of water vapor in the 930nm to 960 nm spectral region,” Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference, 1999. QELS '99, p.249.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

The schematic diagram of the diode-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:GGG laser.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

The output power including the continuous-wave and pulsed operation versus the absorbed pump power.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

The laser emission spectrum of the Nd:GGG/V3+:YAG laser with the inset displaying the 2D beam spatial profile.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) The pulse repetition frequency versus the absorbed pump powe; (b) the pulse widths versus the absorbed pump power.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) The temporal pulse profile taken at the absorbed pump power of 2.55W with T = 5% output coupler exploited; (b) the corresponding pulse train.

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