Abstract

Photorealistic ray tracing methods have been developed that allow us to see how devices such as imperfect invisible spheres and invisibility cloaks would appear if actually constructed and placed in outdoor environments. The methods developed allow photorealistic depiction of devices with gradient indices of refraction and birefringence or trirefringence in non-Cartesian coordinate systems (and hence accurately handle ray splitting/beam walkoff). The resulting images, which can be rendered in real time to produce animations as will be shown, allow subjective assessment of the performance of optical instruments such as invisibility devices in environments in which they are intended to ultimately be used.

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References

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2009 (4)

U. Leonhardt and T. Tyc, “Broadband invisibility by non-Euclidean cloaking,” Science 323(5910), 110–112 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Tyc and U. Leonhardt, “Transmutation of singularities in optical instruments,” N. J. Phys. 10, 1–8 (2009).

Y. G. Ma, C. K. Ong, T. Tyc, and U. Leonhardt, “An omnidirectional retroreflector based on the transmutation of dielectric singularities,” Nat. Mater. 8(8), 639–642 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Halimeh, T. Ergin, J. Mueller, N. Stenger, and M. Wegener, “Photorealistic images of carpet cloaks,” Opt. Express 17(22), 19328–19336 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

M. Brown and D. Lowe, “Automatic panoramic image stitching using invariant features,” Int. J. Comput. Vis. 74(1), 59–73 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (5)

Brown, M.

M. Brown and D. Lowe, “Automatic panoramic image stitching using invariant features,” Int. J. Comput. Vis. 74(1), 59–73 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dolling, G.

Ergin, T.

Halimeh, J. C.

Hendi, A.

A. Hendi, J. Henn, and U. Leonhardt, “Ambiguities in the scattering tomography for central potentials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(7), 073902 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Henn, J.

A. Hendi, J. Henn, and U. Leonhardt, “Ambiguities in the scattering tomography for central potentials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(7), 073902 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hormann, C.

Leonhardt, U.

Y. G. Ma, C. K. Ong, T. Tyc, and U. Leonhardt, “An omnidirectional retroreflector based on the transmutation of dielectric singularities,” Nat. Mater. 8(8), 639–642 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Tyc and U. Leonhardt, “Transmutation of singularities in optical instruments,” N. J. Phys. 10, 1–8 (2009).

U. Leonhardt and T. Tyc, “Broadband invisibility by non-Euclidean cloaking,” Science 323(5910), 110–112 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Hendi, J. Henn, and U. Leonhardt, “Ambiguities in the scattering tomography for central potentials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(7), 073902 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Linden, S.

Lowe, D.

M. Brown and D. Lowe, “Automatic panoramic image stitching using invariant features,” Int. J. Comput. Vis. 74(1), 59–73 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ma, Y. G.

Y. G. Ma, C. K. Ong, T. Tyc, and U. Leonhardt, “An omnidirectional retroreflector based on the transmutation of dielectric singularities,” Nat. Mater. 8(8), 639–642 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Miñano, J. C.

Mueller, J.

Ong, C. K.

Y. G. Ma, C. K. Ong, T. Tyc, and U. Leonhardt, “An omnidirectional retroreflector based on the transmutation of dielectric singularities,” Nat. Mater. 8(8), 639–642 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Pendry, J. B.

Schurig, D.

Smith, D. R.

Stenger, N.

Tyc, T.

Y. G. Ma, C. K. Ong, T. Tyc, and U. Leonhardt, “An omnidirectional retroreflector based on the transmutation of dielectric singularities,” Nat. Mater. 8(8), 639–642 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Tyc and U. Leonhardt, “Transmutation of singularities in optical instruments,” N. J. Phys. 10, 1–8 (2009).

U. Leonhardt and T. Tyc, “Broadband invisibility by non-Euclidean cloaking,” Science 323(5910), 110–112 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wegener, M.

Int. J. Comput. Vis. (1)

M. Brown and D. Lowe, “Automatic panoramic image stitching using invariant features,” Int. J. Comput. Vis. 74(1), 59–73 (2007).
[CrossRef]

N. J. Phys. (1)

T. Tyc and U. Leonhardt, “Transmutation of singularities in optical instruments,” N. J. Phys. 10, 1–8 (2009).

Nat. Mater. (1)

Y. G. Ma, C. K. Ong, T. Tyc, and U. Leonhardt, “An omnidirectional retroreflector based on the transmutation of dielectric singularities,” Nat. Mater. 8(8), 639–642 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (4)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

A. Hendi, J. Henn, and U. Leonhardt, “Ambiguities in the scattering tomography for central potentials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(7), 073902 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Science (2)

U. Leonhardt and T. Tyc, “Broadband invisibility by non-Euclidean cloaking,” Science 323(5910), 110–112 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, “Controlling electromagnetic fields,” Science 312(5781), 1780–1782 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

A. J. Danner, “Photorealistic rendering of metamaterials, gradient index devices, and polarization-dependent invisibility cloaks,” presented at Frontiers in Optics (Optical Society of America Annual Meeting), San Jose, California, 11–15 October, 2009.

A. J. Danner, and U. Leonhardt, “Lossless design of an Eaton lens and invisible sphere by transformation optics with no bandwidth limitation,” presented at the Conference on Lasers and Electro-optics (CLEO), Baltimore, Maryland, 1–5 June 2009.

Supplementary Material (1)

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