Abstract

The novel red phosphor of Eu3+-Bi3+ co-activated ZnB2O4 was prepared by a solid-state reaction. The composition-optimized (Zn0.9Eu0.1)B2O4 phosphor exhibits a dominant emission peak at 610 nm (5D07F2) with CIE coordinates of (0.63, 0.36) under the excitation at 393 nm. By co-doping Bi3+ ions in ZnB2O4:Eu3+, the emission intensity and quantum efficiency can be efficiently enhanced by an increment of 14% and 6%, respectively. The luminescence performance and thermal stability of (Zn0.8Bi0.1Eu0.1)B2O4 phosphor were found to be superior to that of the commodity phosphor, La2O2S:Eu3+. The red-emitting borate phosphor may be potentially useful in the fabrication of white light-emitting diodes (LEDs).

© 2010 OSA

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  23. G. Blasse, “Energy transfer in oxidic phosphors,” Philips Res. Repts. 24, 131 (1969).
  24. M. Wang, X. Fan, and G. Xiong, “Luminescence of Bi3+ ions and energy transfer from Bi3+ ions to Eu3+ ions insilica glasses prepared by the sol-gel process,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 56, 859–862 (2003).
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2008

W. R. Liu, Y. C. Chiu, C. Y. Tung, Y. T. Yeh, S. M. Jang, and T. M. Chen, “A study on the luminescence properties of CaAlBO4:RE3+ (RE = Ce, Tb, and Eu) phosphors,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 155(9), J252–J255 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

J. Li, C. X. Zhang, Q. Tang, Y. L. Zhang, J. Q. Hao, Q. Su, and S. B. Wang, “Synthesis, photoluminescence, thermoluminescence and dosimetry properties of novel phosphor Zn(BO2)2:Tb,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 68(2), 143–147 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. Bai, G. Zhang, and P. Fu, “Photoluminescence properties of a novel phosphor, Na3La9O3(BO3)8:RE3+ (RE = Eu,Tb),” J. Solid State Chem. 180(5), 1792–1795 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. J. Park, M. K. Jung, and D. H. Yoon, “Sens. Act. B “Influence of Eu3+,Bi3+ co-doping content on photoluminescence of YVO4 red phosphors induced by ultraviolet excitation,” Sensors and Actuators B 126(1), 324–327 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang, H. Liang, M. Gong, and Q. Su, “Novel red phosphor of Bi3+,Sm3+ co-activated NaEu(MoO4)2,” Opt. Mater. 29(7), 896–900 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. E. Villafuerte-Castrejón, F. Camacho-Alanís, F. González, A. Ibarra-Palos, G. González, L. Fuentes, and L. Bucio, “Luminescence and structural study of Bi4−xEuxTi3O12 solid solution,” J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 27(2-3), 545–549 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

Y. Q. Li, J. E. J. Van Steen, and J. W. H. Van Krevel, “Luminescence properties of red-emitting M2Si5N8:Eu2+ (M=Ca,Sr,Ba) LED conversion phosphors,”, ” J. Alloy. Comp. 417, 1–2, 273–279 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

L. S. Chi, R. S. Liu, and B. J. Lee, “Synthesis of Y2O3:Eu,Bi red phosphors by homogeneous co-precipitation and their photoluminescence behaviors,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 152(8), J93–J98 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

S. Neeraj, N. Kijima, and A. K. Cheetham, “Novel red phosphors for solid state lighting; the system BixLn1-xVO4; Eu3+/Sm3+ (Ln = Y, Gd),” Solid State Commun. 131(1), 65–69 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. Wang, T. Endo, E. Xie, D. He, and B. Liu, “Luminescence properties of Ca4GdO(BO3)3:Eu in ultraviolet and vacuum ultraviolet regions,” Microelectron. J. 35(4), 357–361 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

V. Jubera, J. P. Chaminade, A. Garcia, F. Guillen, and C. Fouassier, “Luminescent properties of Eu3+-activated lithium rare earthborates and oxyborates,” J. Lumin. 101(1-2), 1–10 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Wang, X. Fan, and G. Xiong, “Luminescence of Bi3+ ions and energy transfer from Bi3+ ions to Eu3+ ions insilica glasses prepared by the sol-gel process,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 56, 859–862 (2003).

2002

J. W. H. van Krevel, J. W. T. van Rutten, H. Mandal, H. T. Hintzen, and R. Metselaar, “Luminescence properties of terbium-, cerium-, or europium-doped α-SiAlON materials,” J. Solid State Chem. 165(1), 19–24 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. W. H. van Krevel, J. W. T. van Rutten, H. Mandal, H. T. Hintzen, and R. Metselaar, “Luminescence properties of terbium-, cerium-, or europium-doped α-SiAlON materials,” J. Solid State Chem. 165(1), 19–24 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1997

S. Nakamura, “The blue laser diode: GaN based light emitters and lasers,” MRS Bull. , 29–35 (1997).

S. Nakamura and G. Fasol, Springer, “The blue laser diode: GaN based light emitters and lasers,” Berlin , 277 (1997).

R. B. Pode and S. J. Dhoble, “Photoluminescence in CaWO4:Bi3+,Eu3+ Material,” Phys. Status Solidi B 203(2), 571–577 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995

X. Zou and H. Toratani, “Evaluation spectroscopic properties of Yb3+ doped glasses,” Phys. Rev. B 52(22), 15889–15897 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994

S. Nakamura, T. Mukai, and M. Senoh, “Candela-class high-brightness InGaN/AlGaN double-heterostructure blue-light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64(13), 1687–1689 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1969

G. Blasse, “Energy transfer in oxidic phosphors,” Philips Res. Repts. 24, 131 (1969).

1967

R. K. Datta, “Bismuth in yttrium vanadate and yttrium europium vanadate phosphors,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 114(10), 1057–1063 (1967).
[CrossRef]

1966

G. Blasse, A. Bril, and W. C. Nieuwpoort, “On the Eu3+ Fluorescence in Mixed Metal Oxides Part I—The crystal structure sensitivity of the intensity ratio of electric and magnetic dipole emission,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 27(10), 1587–1592 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Bai, X.

X. Bai, G. Zhang, and P. Fu, “Photoluminescence properties of a novel phosphor, Na3La9O3(BO3)8:RE3+ (RE = Eu,Tb),” J. Solid State Chem. 180(5), 1792–1795 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Blasse, G.

G. Blasse, “Energy transfer in oxidic phosphors,” Philips Res. Repts. 24, 131 (1969).

G. Blasse, A. Bril, and W. C. Nieuwpoort, “On the Eu3+ Fluorescence in Mixed Metal Oxides Part I—The crystal structure sensitivity of the intensity ratio of electric and magnetic dipole emission,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 27(10), 1587–1592 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Bril, A.

G. Blasse, A. Bril, and W. C. Nieuwpoort, “On the Eu3+ Fluorescence in Mixed Metal Oxides Part I—The crystal structure sensitivity of the intensity ratio of electric and magnetic dipole emission,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 27(10), 1587–1592 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Bucio, L.

M. E. Villafuerte-Castrejón, F. Camacho-Alanís, F. González, A. Ibarra-Palos, G. González, L. Fuentes, and L. Bucio, “Luminescence and structural study of Bi4−xEuxTi3O12 solid solution,” J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 27(2-3), 545–549 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Camacho-Alanís, F.

M. E. Villafuerte-Castrejón, F. Camacho-Alanís, F. González, A. Ibarra-Palos, G. González, L. Fuentes, and L. Bucio, “Luminescence and structural study of Bi4−xEuxTi3O12 solid solution,” J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 27(2-3), 545–549 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chaminade, J. P.

V. Jubera, J. P. Chaminade, A. Garcia, F. Guillen, and C. Fouassier, “Luminescent properties of Eu3+-activated lithium rare earthborates and oxyborates,” J. Lumin. 101(1-2), 1–10 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Cheetham, A. K.

S. Neeraj, N. Kijima, and A. K. Cheetham, “Novel red phosphors for solid state lighting; the system BixLn1-xVO4; Eu3+/Sm3+ (Ln = Y, Gd),” Solid State Commun. 131(1), 65–69 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chen, T. M.

W. R. Liu, Y. C. Chiu, C. Y. Tung, Y. T. Yeh, S. M. Jang, and T. M. Chen, “A study on the luminescence properties of CaAlBO4:RE3+ (RE = Ce, Tb, and Eu) phosphors,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 155(9), J252–J255 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chi, L. S.

L. S. Chi, R. S. Liu, and B. J. Lee, “Synthesis of Y2O3:Eu,Bi red phosphors by homogeneous co-precipitation and their photoluminescence behaviors,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 152(8), J93–J98 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chiu, Y. C.

W. R. Liu, Y. C. Chiu, C. Y. Tung, Y. T. Yeh, S. M. Jang, and T. M. Chen, “A study on the luminescence properties of CaAlBO4:RE3+ (RE = Ce, Tb, and Eu) phosphors,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 155(9), J252–J255 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Datta, R. K.

R. K. Datta, “Bismuth in yttrium vanadate and yttrium europium vanadate phosphors,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 114(10), 1057–1063 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Dhoble, S. J.

R. B. Pode and S. J. Dhoble, “Photoluminescence in CaWO4:Bi3+,Eu3+ Material,” Phys. Status Solidi B 203(2), 571–577 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Endo, T.

Y. Wang, T. Endo, E. Xie, D. He, and B. Liu, “Luminescence properties of Ca4GdO(BO3)3:Eu in ultraviolet and vacuum ultraviolet regions,” Microelectron. J. 35(4), 357–361 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Fan, X.

M. Wang, X. Fan, and G. Xiong, “Luminescence of Bi3+ ions and energy transfer from Bi3+ ions to Eu3+ ions insilica glasses prepared by the sol-gel process,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 56, 859–862 (2003).

Fasol, G.

S. Nakamura and G. Fasol, Springer, “The blue laser diode: GaN based light emitters and lasers,” Berlin , 277 (1997).

Fouassier, C.

V. Jubera, J. P. Chaminade, A. Garcia, F. Guillen, and C. Fouassier, “Luminescent properties of Eu3+-activated lithium rare earthborates and oxyborates,” J. Lumin. 101(1-2), 1–10 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Fu, P.

X. Bai, G. Zhang, and P. Fu, “Photoluminescence properties of a novel phosphor, Na3La9O3(BO3)8:RE3+ (RE = Eu,Tb),” J. Solid State Chem. 180(5), 1792–1795 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Fuentes, L.

M. E. Villafuerte-Castrejón, F. Camacho-Alanís, F. González, A. Ibarra-Palos, G. González, L. Fuentes, and L. Bucio, “Luminescence and structural study of Bi4−xEuxTi3O12 solid solution,” J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 27(2-3), 545–549 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Garcia, A.

V. Jubera, J. P. Chaminade, A. Garcia, F. Guillen, and C. Fouassier, “Luminescent properties of Eu3+-activated lithium rare earthborates and oxyborates,” J. Lumin. 101(1-2), 1–10 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Gong, M.

J. Wang, H. Liang, M. Gong, and Q. Su, “Novel red phosphor of Bi3+,Sm3+ co-activated NaEu(MoO4)2,” Opt. Mater. 29(7), 896–900 (2007).
[CrossRef]

González, F.

M. E. Villafuerte-Castrejón, F. Camacho-Alanís, F. González, A. Ibarra-Palos, G. González, L. Fuentes, and L. Bucio, “Luminescence and structural study of Bi4−xEuxTi3O12 solid solution,” J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 27(2-3), 545–549 (2007).
[CrossRef]

González, G.

M. E. Villafuerte-Castrejón, F. Camacho-Alanís, F. González, A. Ibarra-Palos, G. González, L. Fuentes, and L. Bucio, “Luminescence and structural study of Bi4−xEuxTi3O12 solid solution,” J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 27(2-3), 545–549 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Guillen, F.

V. Jubera, J. P. Chaminade, A. Garcia, F. Guillen, and C. Fouassier, “Luminescent properties of Eu3+-activated lithium rare earthborates and oxyborates,” J. Lumin. 101(1-2), 1–10 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hao, J. Q.

J. Li, C. X. Zhang, Q. Tang, Y. L. Zhang, J. Q. Hao, Q. Su, and S. B. Wang, “Synthesis, photoluminescence, thermoluminescence and dosimetry properties of novel phosphor Zn(BO2)2:Tb,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 68(2), 143–147 (2007).
[CrossRef]

He, D.

Y. Wang, T. Endo, E. Xie, D. He, and B. Liu, “Luminescence properties of Ca4GdO(BO3)3:Eu in ultraviolet and vacuum ultraviolet regions,” Microelectron. J. 35(4), 357–361 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hintzen, H. T.

J. W. H. van Krevel, J. W. T. van Rutten, H. Mandal, H. T. Hintzen, and R. Metselaar, “Luminescence properties of terbium-, cerium-, or europium-doped α-SiAlON materials,” J. Solid State Chem. 165(1), 19–24 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. W. H. van Krevel, J. W. T. van Rutten, H. Mandal, H. T. Hintzen, and R. Metselaar, “Luminescence properties of terbium-, cerium-, or europium-doped α-SiAlON materials,” J. Solid State Chem. 165(1), 19–24 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ibarra-Palos, A.

M. E. Villafuerte-Castrejón, F. Camacho-Alanís, F. González, A. Ibarra-Palos, G. González, L. Fuentes, and L. Bucio, “Luminescence and structural study of Bi4−xEuxTi3O12 solid solution,” J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 27(2-3), 545–549 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jang, S. M.

W. R. Liu, Y. C. Chiu, C. Y. Tung, Y. T. Yeh, S. M. Jang, and T. M. Chen, “A study on the luminescence properties of CaAlBO4:RE3+ (RE = Ce, Tb, and Eu) phosphors,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 155(9), J252–J255 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jubera, V.

V. Jubera, J. P. Chaminade, A. Garcia, F. Guillen, and C. Fouassier, “Luminescent properties of Eu3+-activated lithium rare earthborates and oxyborates,” J. Lumin. 101(1-2), 1–10 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Jung, M. K.

W. J. Park, M. K. Jung, and D. H. Yoon, “Sens. Act. B “Influence of Eu3+,Bi3+ co-doping content on photoluminescence of YVO4 red phosphors induced by ultraviolet excitation,” Sensors and Actuators B 126(1), 324–327 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kijima, N.

S. Neeraj, N. Kijima, and A. K. Cheetham, “Novel red phosphors for solid state lighting; the system BixLn1-xVO4; Eu3+/Sm3+ (Ln = Y, Gd),” Solid State Commun. 131(1), 65–69 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lee, B. J.

L. S. Chi, R. S. Liu, and B. J. Lee, “Synthesis of Y2O3:Eu,Bi red phosphors by homogeneous co-precipitation and their photoluminescence behaviors,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 152(8), J93–J98 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Li, J.

J. Li, C. X. Zhang, Q. Tang, Y. L. Zhang, J. Q. Hao, Q. Su, and S. B. Wang, “Synthesis, photoluminescence, thermoluminescence and dosimetry properties of novel phosphor Zn(BO2)2:Tb,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 68(2), 143–147 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Li, Y. Q.

Y. Q. Li, J. E. J. Van Steen, and J. W. H. Van Krevel, “Luminescence properties of red-emitting M2Si5N8:Eu2+ (M=Ca,Sr,Ba) LED conversion phosphors,”, ” J. Alloy. Comp. 417, 1–2, 273–279 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Liang, H.

J. Wang, H. Liang, M. Gong, and Q. Su, “Novel red phosphor of Bi3+,Sm3+ co-activated NaEu(MoO4)2,” Opt. Mater. 29(7), 896–900 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Liu, B.

Y. Wang, T. Endo, E. Xie, D. He, and B. Liu, “Luminescence properties of Ca4GdO(BO3)3:Eu in ultraviolet and vacuum ultraviolet regions,” Microelectron. J. 35(4), 357–361 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Liu, R. S.

L. S. Chi, R. S. Liu, and B. J. Lee, “Synthesis of Y2O3:Eu,Bi red phosphors by homogeneous co-precipitation and their photoluminescence behaviors,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 152(8), J93–J98 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Liu, W. R.

W. R. Liu, Y. C. Chiu, C. Y. Tung, Y. T. Yeh, S. M. Jang, and T. M. Chen, “A study on the luminescence properties of CaAlBO4:RE3+ (RE = Ce, Tb, and Eu) phosphors,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 155(9), J252–J255 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mandal, H.

J. W. H. van Krevel, J. W. T. van Rutten, H. Mandal, H. T. Hintzen, and R. Metselaar, “Luminescence properties of terbium-, cerium-, or europium-doped α-SiAlON materials,” J. Solid State Chem. 165(1), 19–24 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. W. H. van Krevel, J. W. T. van Rutten, H. Mandal, H. T. Hintzen, and R. Metselaar, “Luminescence properties of terbium-, cerium-, or europium-doped α-SiAlON materials,” J. Solid State Chem. 165(1), 19–24 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Metselaar, R.

J. W. H. van Krevel, J. W. T. van Rutten, H. Mandal, H. T. Hintzen, and R. Metselaar, “Luminescence properties of terbium-, cerium-, or europium-doped α-SiAlON materials,” J. Solid State Chem. 165(1), 19–24 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. W. H. van Krevel, J. W. T. van Rutten, H. Mandal, H. T. Hintzen, and R. Metselaar, “Luminescence properties of terbium-, cerium-, or europium-doped α-SiAlON materials,” J. Solid State Chem. 165(1), 19–24 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Mukai, T.

S. Nakamura, T. Mukai, and M. Senoh, “Candela-class high-brightness InGaN/AlGaN double-heterostructure blue-light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64(13), 1687–1689 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Nakamura, S.

S. Nakamura, “The blue laser diode: GaN based light emitters and lasers,” MRS Bull. , 29–35 (1997).

S. Nakamura and G. Fasol, Springer, “The blue laser diode: GaN based light emitters and lasers,” Berlin , 277 (1997).

S. Nakamura, T. Mukai, and M. Senoh, “Candela-class high-brightness InGaN/AlGaN double-heterostructure blue-light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64(13), 1687–1689 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Neeraj, S.

S. Neeraj, N. Kijima, and A. K. Cheetham, “Novel red phosphors for solid state lighting; the system BixLn1-xVO4; Eu3+/Sm3+ (Ln = Y, Gd),” Solid State Commun. 131(1), 65–69 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nieuwpoort, W. C.

G. Blasse, A. Bril, and W. C. Nieuwpoort, “On the Eu3+ Fluorescence in Mixed Metal Oxides Part I—The crystal structure sensitivity of the intensity ratio of electric and magnetic dipole emission,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 27(10), 1587–1592 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Park, W. J.

W. J. Park, M. K. Jung, and D. H. Yoon, “Sens. Act. B “Influence of Eu3+,Bi3+ co-doping content on photoluminescence of YVO4 red phosphors induced by ultraviolet excitation,” Sensors and Actuators B 126(1), 324–327 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Pode, R. B.

R. B. Pode and S. J. Dhoble, “Photoluminescence in CaWO4:Bi3+,Eu3+ Material,” Phys. Status Solidi B 203(2), 571–577 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Senoh, M.

S. Nakamura, T. Mukai, and M. Senoh, “Candela-class high-brightness InGaN/AlGaN double-heterostructure blue-light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64(13), 1687–1689 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Su, Q.

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W. R. Liu, Y. C. Chiu, C. Y. Tung, Y. T. Yeh, S. M. Jang, and T. M. Chen, “A study on the luminescence properties of CaAlBO4:RE3+ (RE = Ce, Tb, and Eu) phosphors,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 155(9), J252–J255 (2008).
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W. R. Liu, Y. C. Chiu, C. Y. Tung, Y. T. Yeh, S. M. Jang, and T. M. Chen, “A study on the luminescence properties of CaAlBO4:RE3+ (RE = Ce, Tb, and Eu) phosphors,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 155(9), J252–J255 (2008).
[CrossRef]

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M. E. Villafuerte-Castrejón, F. Camacho-Alanís, F. González, A. Ibarra-Palos, G. González, L. Fuentes, and L. Bucio, “Luminescence and structural study of Bi4−xEuxTi3O12 solid solution,” J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 27(2-3), 545–549 (2007).
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X. Bai, G. Zhang, and P. Fu, “Photoluminescence properties of a novel phosphor, Na3La9O3(BO3)8:RE3+ (RE = Eu,Tb),” J. Solid State Chem. 180(5), 1792–1795 (2007).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

J. W. H. van Krevel, J. W. T. van Rutten, H. Mandal, H. T. Hintzen, and R. Metselaar, “Luminescence properties of terbium-, cerium-, or europium-doped α-SiAlON materials,” J. Solid State Chem. 165(1), 19–24 (2002).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

XRD patterns of (a) ZnB2O4, (b) (Zn0.9Eu0.1)B2O4 and (c) (Zn0.8Eu0.1Bi0.1)B2O4. The standard XRD pattern of ZnB2O4 is taken from JCPDS Card No. 39-1126. The internal standard silicon is labeled with a star.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Reflectance spectra of as-synthesized samples: (a) ZnB2O4; (b) Zn0.9B2O4:Eu0.1; (c) Zn0.89B2O4:Bi0.01Eu0.1; (d) Zn0.8B2O4:Bi0.1Eu0.1; and (e) Zn0.99B2O4:Bi0.01.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

PL/PLE spectra of as-synthesized (Zn0.9Eu0.1)B2O4 excited at 393 nm. The inset represents the effect of Eu3+ concentration on the PL intensity.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

shows the PL spectra of ZnB2O4 with different content of Eu3+. The inset in Fig. 4 displayed the intensity ratio of 583 nm and 609 nm. In this study, the dominant emission peak was varied with the content of Eu3+.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

PL spectra of (Zn0.8Eu0.1Bi0.1)B2O4 excited at 393 nm with different temperatures. The inset shows the comparison of PL intensity vs. temperature relationship for (a) (Zn0.8Eu0.1Bi0.1)B2O4 and (b) La2O2S:Eu3+ commodity.

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