Abstract

A fiber-based polarization-insensitive and widely tunable all-optical wavelength conversion for polarization shift keying (PolSK) signal is experimentally demonstrated by means of four-wave-mixing (FWM) in highly non-linear fiber. Polarization sensitivity of our scheme is compared with the conventional one and the conversion performance of the PolSK signal is investigated. In our scheme, preservation of state of polarization (SOP) of input PolSK signal is possible on both of the converted spectral components in FWM spectrum. In addition, over 23 nm of wavelength tunable operation with high conversion performance is achieved and detailed bit-error-rate (BER) characteristics are measured for both the up- and down-converted signal.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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  1. S. Benedetto, R. Gaudino, and P. Poggiolini, "Polarization recovery in optical polarization shift-keying systems," IEEE Trans. Commun. 45, 1269-1279 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  2. S. Benedetto, R. Gaudino, and P. Poggiolini, "Direct detection of optical digital transmission based on polarization shift keying modulation," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 13, 531-542 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  3. S. Benedetto and P. Poggiolini, "Theory of polarization shift keying modulation," IEEE Trans. Commun. 40, 708-721 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. Carena, V. Curri, R. Gaudino, N. Greco, P. Poggiolini, and S. Benedetto, "Polarization modulation in ultra long haul transmission systems: A promising alternative to intensity modulation," in Proc. ECOC 1998, paper noWdA24, Madrid, Spain (1998), pp. 429-430.
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  7. P. Martelli, P. Boffi, M. Ferrario, L. Marazzi, P. Parolari, R. Siano, V. Pusino, P. Minzioni, I. Cristiani, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, M. Martinelli, V. Degiorgio, "All-Optical Wavelength Conversion of a 100- Gb/s Polarization-Multiplexed Signal," Opt. Express 17, 17758-17763 (2009). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-20-17758.
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. J. Yu, M. Huang, and G. Chang, "Wavelength conversion based on copolarized pumps generated by optical carrier suppression," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 392-394 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  9. M.-F. Huang, J. Yu, and G.-K. Chang, "Polarization insensitive wavelength conversion for 4 × 112 Gbit/s polarization multiplexing RZ-QPSK signals," Opt. Express 16, 21161-21169 (2008). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-26-21161.
    [PubMed]
  10. E. Ciaramella, A. D’Errico, R. Proietti, and G. Contestabile, "WDM-POLSK transmission systems by using semiconductor optical amplifiers," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4039-4046 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  11. N. Chi, L. Xu, S. Yu, and P. Jeppesen, "Generation and transmission performance of 40 Gbit/s polarization shift keying signal," Electron. Lett. 41, 547- 549 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  12. S. Benedetto, and P. T. Poggiolini, "Multilevel polarization shift keying: optimum receiver structure and performance evaluation," IEEE Trans. Commun. 42, 1174-1186 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  13. R. J. Blaikie, D. P. Taylor, and P. T. Gough, "Multilevel differential polarization shift keying," IEEE Trans. Commun. 45, 95-102 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  14. L. Han, H. Wen, H. Zhang, and Y. Guo, "All-optical wavelength conversion for polarization shift keying signal based on four-wave mixing in a semiconductor optical amplifier," Opt. Eng. Lett. 46, 090501 (2007).
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  17. J. M. Tang and K. A. Shore, "A simple scheme for polarization insensitive four-wave mixing in semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1123-1125 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  18. G. P. Agrawal, "Population pulsation and nondegenerate four-wave mixing in semiconductor lasers and amplifiers," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B,  5, 147-159 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  19. K. Inoue, "Polarization effect on four-wave mixing efficiency in a single-mode fiber," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 883-894 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  20. J. P. R. Lacey, M. A. Summerfield, and S. J. Madden, "Tunability of polarization-insensitive wavelength converters based on four-wave mixing in semiconductor optical amplifiers," J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 2419-2427 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  21. K. K. Y. Wong, M. E. Marhic, K. Uesaka, and L. G. Kazovsky, "Polarization-independent one-pump fiber-optical parametric amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1506-1508 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  22. T. Hasegawa, K. Inoue and K. Oda, "Polarization independent frequency conversion by fiber four-wave mixing with a polarization diversity technique," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 947-949 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  23. M. W. Maeda, W. B. Sessa, W. I. Way, A. Yi-Yan, L. Curtis, R. Spicer, and R. I. Laming, "The effect of four-wave mixing in fibers on optical frequency-division multiplexed systems," J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 1402-1408 (1990).
    [CrossRef]

2009

P. Martelli, P. Boffi, M. Ferrario, L. Marazzi, P. Parolari, R. Siano, V. Pusino, P. Minzioni, I. Cristiani, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, M. Martinelli, V. Degiorgio, "All-Optical Wavelength Conversion of a 100- Gb/s Polarization-Multiplexed Signal," Opt. Express 17, 17758-17763 (2009). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-20-17758.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Yu, M. Huang, and G. Chang, "Wavelength conversion based on copolarized pumps generated by optical carrier suppression," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 392-394 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

M.-F. Huang, J. Yu, and G.-K. Chang, "Polarization insensitive wavelength conversion for 4 × 112 Gbit/s polarization multiplexing RZ-QPSK signals," Opt. Express 16, 21161-21169 (2008). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-26-21161.
[PubMed]

2007

L. Han, H. Wen, H. Zhang, and Y. Guo, "All-optical wavelength conversion for polarization shift keying signal based on four-wave mixing in a semiconductor optical amplifier," Opt. Eng. Lett. 46, 090501 (2007).

2006

E. Ciaramella, A. D’Errico, R. Proietti, and G. Contestabile, "WDM-POLSK transmission systems by using semiconductor optical amplifiers," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4039-4046 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

N. Chi, L. Xu, S. Yu, and P. Jeppesen, "Generation and transmission performance of 40 Gbit/s polarization shift keying signal," Electron. Lett. 41, 547- 549 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2002

K. K. Y. Wong, M. E. Marhic, K. Uesaka, and L. G. Kazovsky, "Polarization-independent one-pump fiber-optical parametric amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1506-1508 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1999

J. M. Tang and K. A. Shore, "A simple scheme for polarization insensitive four-wave mixing in semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1123-1125 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

J. P. R. Lacey, M. A. Summerfield, and S. J. Madden, "Tunability of polarization-insensitive wavelength converters based on four-wave mixing in semiconductor optical amplifiers," J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 2419-2427 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

R. J. Blaikie, D. P. Taylor, and P. T. Gough, "Multilevel differential polarization shift keying," IEEE Trans. Commun. 45, 95-102 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. Benedetto, R. Gaudino, and P. Poggiolini, "Polarization recovery in optical polarization shift-keying systems," IEEE Trans. Commun. 45, 1269-1279 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995

S. Benedetto, R. Gaudino, and P. Poggiolini, "Direct detection of optical digital transmission based on polarization shift keying modulation," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 13, 531-542 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994

S. Benedetto, and P. T. Poggiolini, "Multilevel polarization shift keying: optimum receiver structure and performance evaluation," IEEE Trans. Commun. 42, 1174-1186 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993

T. Hasegawa, K. Inoue and K. Oda, "Polarization independent frequency conversion by fiber four-wave mixing with a polarization diversity technique," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 947-949 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992

K. Inoue, "Polarization effect on four-wave mixing efficiency in a single-mode fiber," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 883-894 (1992).
[CrossRef]

S. Benedetto and P. Poggiolini, "Theory of polarization shift keying modulation," IEEE Trans. Commun. 40, 708-721 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1990

M. W. Maeda, W. B. Sessa, W. I. Way, A. Yi-Yan, L. Curtis, R. Spicer, and R. I. Laming, "The effect of four-wave mixing in fibers on optical frequency-division multiplexed systems," J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 1402-1408 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1988

G. P. Agrawal, "Population pulsation and nondegenerate four-wave mixing in semiconductor lasers and amplifiers," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B,  5, 147-159 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, "Population pulsation and nondegenerate four-wave mixing in semiconductor lasers and amplifiers," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B,  5, 147-159 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Benedetto, S.

S. Benedetto, R. Gaudino, and P. Poggiolini, "Polarization recovery in optical polarization shift-keying systems," IEEE Trans. Commun. 45, 1269-1279 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. Benedetto, R. Gaudino, and P. Poggiolini, "Direct detection of optical digital transmission based on polarization shift keying modulation," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 13, 531-542 (1995).
[CrossRef]

S. Benedetto, and P. T. Poggiolini, "Multilevel polarization shift keying: optimum receiver structure and performance evaluation," IEEE Trans. Commun. 42, 1174-1186 (1994).
[CrossRef]

S. Benedetto and P. Poggiolini, "Theory of polarization shift keying modulation," IEEE Trans. Commun. 40, 708-721 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Blaikie, R. J.

R. J. Blaikie, D. P. Taylor, and P. T. Gough, "Multilevel differential polarization shift keying," IEEE Trans. Commun. 45, 95-102 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Boffi, P.

P. Martelli, P. Boffi, M. Ferrario, L. Marazzi, P. Parolari, R. Siano, V. Pusino, P. Minzioni, I. Cristiani, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, M. Martinelli, V. Degiorgio, "All-Optical Wavelength Conversion of a 100- Gb/s Polarization-Multiplexed Signal," Opt. Express 17, 17758-17763 (2009). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-20-17758.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chang, G.

J. Yu, M. Huang, and G. Chang, "Wavelength conversion based on copolarized pumps generated by optical carrier suppression," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 392-394 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chang, G.-K.

M.-F. Huang, J. Yu, and G.-K. Chang, "Polarization insensitive wavelength conversion for 4 × 112 Gbit/s polarization multiplexing RZ-QPSK signals," Opt. Express 16, 21161-21169 (2008). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-26-21161.
[PubMed]

Chi, N.

N. Chi, L. Xu, S. Yu, and P. Jeppesen, "Generation and transmission performance of 40 Gbit/s polarization shift keying signal," Electron. Lett. 41, 547- 549 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ciaramella, E.

E. Ciaramella, A. D’Errico, R. Proietti, and G. Contestabile, "WDM-POLSK transmission systems by using semiconductor optical amplifiers," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4039-4046 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Contestabile, G.

E. Ciaramella, A. D’Errico, R. Proietti, and G. Contestabile, "WDM-POLSK transmission systems by using semiconductor optical amplifiers," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4039-4046 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cristiani, I.

P. Martelli, P. Boffi, M. Ferrario, L. Marazzi, P. Parolari, R. Siano, V. Pusino, P. Minzioni, I. Cristiani, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, M. Martinelli, V. Degiorgio, "All-Optical Wavelength Conversion of a 100- Gb/s Polarization-Multiplexed Signal," Opt. Express 17, 17758-17763 (2009). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-20-17758.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Curtis, L.

M. W. Maeda, W. B. Sessa, W. I. Way, A. Yi-Yan, L. Curtis, R. Spicer, and R. I. Laming, "The effect of four-wave mixing in fibers on optical frequency-division multiplexed systems," J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 1402-1408 (1990).
[CrossRef]

D’Errico, A.

E. Ciaramella, A. D’Errico, R. Proietti, and G. Contestabile, "WDM-POLSK transmission systems by using semiconductor optical amplifiers," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4039-4046 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Degiorgio, V.

P. Martelli, P. Boffi, M. Ferrario, L. Marazzi, P. Parolari, R. Siano, V. Pusino, P. Minzioni, I. Cristiani, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, M. Martinelli, V. Degiorgio, "All-Optical Wavelength Conversion of a 100- Gb/s Polarization-Multiplexed Signal," Opt. Express 17, 17758-17763 (2009). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-20-17758.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fejer, M. M.

P. Martelli, P. Boffi, M. Ferrario, L. Marazzi, P. Parolari, R. Siano, V. Pusino, P. Minzioni, I. Cristiani, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, M. Martinelli, V. Degiorgio, "All-Optical Wavelength Conversion of a 100- Gb/s Polarization-Multiplexed Signal," Opt. Express 17, 17758-17763 (2009). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-20-17758.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ferrario, M.

P. Martelli, P. Boffi, M. Ferrario, L. Marazzi, P. Parolari, R. Siano, V. Pusino, P. Minzioni, I. Cristiani, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, M. Martinelli, V. Degiorgio, "All-Optical Wavelength Conversion of a 100- Gb/s Polarization-Multiplexed Signal," Opt. Express 17, 17758-17763 (2009). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-20-17758.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gaudino, R.

S. Benedetto, R. Gaudino, and P. Poggiolini, "Polarization recovery in optical polarization shift-keying systems," IEEE Trans. Commun. 45, 1269-1279 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. Benedetto, R. Gaudino, and P. Poggiolini, "Direct detection of optical digital transmission based on polarization shift keying modulation," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 13, 531-542 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Gough, P. T.

R. J. Blaikie, D. P. Taylor, and P. T. Gough, "Multilevel differential polarization shift keying," IEEE Trans. Commun. 45, 95-102 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Guo, Y.

L. Han, H. Wen, H. Zhang, and Y. Guo, "All-optical wavelength conversion for polarization shift keying signal based on four-wave mixing in a semiconductor optical amplifier," Opt. Eng. Lett. 46, 090501 (2007).

Han, L.

L. Han, H. Wen, H. Zhang, and Y. Guo, "All-optical wavelength conversion for polarization shift keying signal based on four-wave mixing in a semiconductor optical amplifier," Opt. Eng. Lett. 46, 090501 (2007).

Hasegawa, T.

T. Hasegawa, K. Inoue and K. Oda, "Polarization independent frequency conversion by fiber four-wave mixing with a polarization diversity technique," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 947-949 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Huang, M.

J. Yu, M. Huang, and G. Chang, "Wavelength conversion based on copolarized pumps generated by optical carrier suppression," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 392-394 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Huang, M.-F.

M.-F. Huang, J. Yu, and G.-K. Chang, "Polarization insensitive wavelength conversion for 4 × 112 Gbit/s polarization multiplexing RZ-QPSK signals," Opt. Express 16, 21161-21169 (2008). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-26-21161.
[PubMed]

Inoue, K.

T. Hasegawa, K. Inoue and K. Oda, "Polarization independent frequency conversion by fiber four-wave mixing with a polarization diversity technique," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 947-949 (1993).
[CrossRef]

K. Inoue, "Polarization effect on four-wave mixing efficiency in a single-mode fiber," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 883-894 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Jeppesen, P.

N. Chi, L. Xu, S. Yu, and P. Jeppesen, "Generation and transmission performance of 40 Gbit/s polarization shift keying signal," Electron. Lett. 41, 547- 549 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kazovsky, L. G.

K. K. Y. Wong, M. E. Marhic, K. Uesaka, and L. G. Kazovsky, "Polarization-independent one-pump fiber-optical parametric amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1506-1508 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lacey, J. P. R.

J. P. R. Lacey, M. A. Summerfield, and S. J. Madden, "Tunability of polarization-insensitive wavelength converters based on four-wave mixing in semiconductor optical amplifiers," J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 2419-2427 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Laming, R. I.

M. W. Maeda, W. B. Sessa, W. I. Way, A. Yi-Yan, L. Curtis, R. Spicer, and R. I. Laming, "The effect of four-wave mixing in fibers on optical frequency-division multiplexed systems," J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 1402-1408 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Langrock, C.

P. Martelli, P. Boffi, M. Ferrario, L. Marazzi, P. Parolari, R. Siano, V. Pusino, P. Minzioni, I. Cristiani, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, M. Martinelli, V. Degiorgio, "All-Optical Wavelength Conversion of a 100- Gb/s Polarization-Multiplexed Signal," Opt. Express 17, 17758-17763 (2009). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-20-17758.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Madden, S. J.

J. P. R. Lacey, M. A. Summerfield, and S. J. Madden, "Tunability of polarization-insensitive wavelength converters based on four-wave mixing in semiconductor optical amplifiers," J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 2419-2427 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Maeda, M. W.

M. W. Maeda, W. B. Sessa, W. I. Way, A. Yi-Yan, L. Curtis, R. Spicer, and R. I. Laming, "The effect of four-wave mixing in fibers on optical frequency-division multiplexed systems," J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 1402-1408 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Marazzi, L.

P. Martelli, P. Boffi, M. Ferrario, L. Marazzi, P. Parolari, R. Siano, V. Pusino, P. Minzioni, I. Cristiani, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, M. Martinelli, V. Degiorgio, "All-Optical Wavelength Conversion of a 100- Gb/s Polarization-Multiplexed Signal," Opt. Express 17, 17758-17763 (2009). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-20-17758.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Marhic, M. E.

K. K. Y. Wong, M. E. Marhic, K. Uesaka, and L. G. Kazovsky, "Polarization-independent one-pump fiber-optical parametric amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1506-1508 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Martelli, P.

P. Martelli, P. Boffi, M. Ferrario, L. Marazzi, P. Parolari, R. Siano, V. Pusino, P. Minzioni, I. Cristiani, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, M. Martinelli, V. Degiorgio, "All-Optical Wavelength Conversion of a 100- Gb/s Polarization-Multiplexed Signal," Opt. Express 17, 17758-17763 (2009). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-20-17758.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Martinelli, M.

P. Martelli, P. Boffi, M. Ferrario, L. Marazzi, P. Parolari, R. Siano, V. Pusino, P. Minzioni, I. Cristiani, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, M. Martinelli, V. Degiorgio, "All-Optical Wavelength Conversion of a 100- Gb/s Polarization-Multiplexed Signal," Opt. Express 17, 17758-17763 (2009). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-20-17758.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Minzioni, P.

P. Martelli, P. Boffi, M. Ferrario, L. Marazzi, P. Parolari, R. Siano, V. Pusino, P. Minzioni, I. Cristiani, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, M. Martinelli, V. Degiorgio, "All-Optical Wavelength Conversion of a 100- Gb/s Polarization-Multiplexed Signal," Opt. Express 17, 17758-17763 (2009). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-20-17758.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Oda, K.

T. Hasegawa, K. Inoue and K. Oda, "Polarization independent frequency conversion by fiber four-wave mixing with a polarization diversity technique," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 947-949 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Parolari, P.

P. Martelli, P. Boffi, M. Ferrario, L. Marazzi, P. Parolari, R. Siano, V. Pusino, P. Minzioni, I. Cristiani, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, M. Martinelli, V. Degiorgio, "All-Optical Wavelength Conversion of a 100- Gb/s Polarization-Multiplexed Signal," Opt. Express 17, 17758-17763 (2009). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-20-17758.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Poggiolini, P.

S. Benedetto, R. Gaudino, and P. Poggiolini, "Polarization recovery in optical polarization shift-keying systems," IEEE Trans. Commun. 45, 1269-1279 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. Benedetto, R. Gaudino, and P. Poggiolini, "Direct detection of optical digital transmission based on polarization shift keying modulation," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 13, 531-542 (1995).
[CrossRef]

S. Benedetto and P. Poggiolini, "Theory of polarization shift keying modulation," IEEE Trans. Commun. 40, 708-721 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Poggiolini, P. T.

S. Benedetto, and P. T. Poggiolini, "Multilevel polarization shift keying: optimum receiver structure and performance evaluation," IEEE Trans. Commun. 42, 1174-1186 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Proietti, R.

E. Ciaramella, A. D’Errico, R. Proietti, and G. Contestabile, "WDM-POLSK transmission systems by using semiconductor optical amplifiers," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4039-4046 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Pusino, V.

P. Martelli, P. Boffi, M. Ferrario, L. Marazzi, P. Parolari, R. Siano, V. Pusino, P. Minzioni, I. Cristiani, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, M. Martinelli, V. Degiorgio, "All-Optical Wavelength Conversion of a 100- Gb/s Polarization-Multiplexed Signal," Opt. Express 17, 17758-17763 (2009). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-20-17758.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sessa, W. B.

M. W. Maeda, W. B. Sessa, W. I. Way, A. Yi-Yan, L. Curtis, R. Spicer, and R. I. Laming, "The effect of four-wave mixing in fibers on optical frequency-division multiplexed systems," J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 1402-1408 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Shore, K. A.

J. M. Tang and K. A. Shore, "A simple scheme for polarization insensitive four-wave mixing in semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1123-1125 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Siano, R.

P. Martelli, P. Boffi, M. Ferrario, L. Marazzi, P. Parolari, R. Siano, V. Pusino, P. Minzioni, I. Cristiani, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, M. Martinelli, V. Degiorgio, "All-Optical Wavelength Conversion of a 100- Gb/s Polarization-Multiplexed Signal," Opt. Express 17, 17758-17763 (2009). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-20-17758.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Spicer, R.

M. W. Maeda, W. B. Sessa, W. I. Way, A. Yi-Yan, L. Curtis, R. Spicer, and R. I. Laming, "The effect of four-wave mixing in fibers on optical frequency-division multiplexed systems," J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 1402-1408 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Summerfield, M. A.

J. P. R. Lacey, M. A. Summerfield, and S. J. Madden, "Tunability of polarization-insensitive wavelength converters based on four-wave mixing in semiconductor optical amplifiers," J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 2419-2427 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Tang, J. M.

J. M. Tang and K. A. Shore, "A simple scheme for polarization insensitive four-wave mixing in semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1123-1125 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, D. P.

R. J. Blaikie, D. P. Taylor, and P. T. Gough, "Multilevel differential polarization shift keying," IEEE Trans. Commun. 45, 95-102 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Uesaka, K.

K. K. Y. Wong, M. E. Marhic, K. Uesaka, and L. G. Kazovsky, "Polarization-independent one-pump fiber-optical parametric amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1506-1508 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Way, W. I.

M. W. Maeda, W. B. Sessa, W. I. Way, A. Yi-Yan, L. Curtis, R. Spicer, and R. I. Laming, "The effect of four-wave mixing in fibers on optical frequency-division multiplexed systems," J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 1402-1408 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Wen, H.

L. Han, H. Wen, H. Zhang, and Y. Guo, "All-optical wavelength conversion for polarization shift keying signal based on four-wave mixing in a semiconductor optical amplifier," Opt. Eng. Lett. 46, 090501 (2007).

Wong, K. K. Y.

K. K. Y. Wong, M. E. Marhic, K. Uesaka, and L. G. Kazovsky, "Polarization-independent one-pump fiber-optical parametric amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1506-1508 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Xu, L.

N. Chi, L. Xu, S. Yu, and P. Jeppesen, "Generation and transmission performance of 40 Gbit/s polarization shift keying signal," Electron. Lett. 41, 547- 549 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yi-Yan, A.

M. W. Maeda, W. B. Sessa, W. I. Way, A. Yi-Yan, L. Curtis, R. Spicer, and R. I. Laming, "The effect of four-wave mixing in fibers on optical frequency-division multiplexed systems," J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 1402-1408 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Yu, J.

J. Yu, M. Huang, and G. Chang, "Wavelength conversion based on copolarized pumps generated by optical carrier suppression," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 392-394 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M.-F. Huang, J. Yu, and G.-K. Chang, "Polarization insensitive wavelength conversion for 4 × 112 Gbit/s polarization multiplexing RZ-QPSK signals," Opt. Express 16, 21161-21169 (2008). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-26-21161.
[PubMed]

Yu, S.

N. Chi, L. Xu, S. Yu, and P. Jeppesen, "Generation and transmission performance of 40 Gbit/s polarization shift keying signal," Electron. Lett. 41, 547- 549 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, H.

L. Han, H. Wen, H. Zhang, and Y. Guo, "All-optical wavelength conversion for polarization shift keying signal based on four-wave mixing in a semiconductor optical amplifier," Opt. Eng. Lett. 46, 090501 (2007).

Electron. Lett.

N. Chi, L. Xu, S. Yu, and P. Jeppesen, "Generation and transmission performance of 40 Gbit/s polarization shift keying signal," Electron. Lett. 41, 547- 549 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

K. Inoue, "Polarization effect on four-wave mixing efficiency in a single-mode fiber," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 883-894 (1992).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun.

S. Benedetto, R. Gaudino, and P. Poggiolini, "Direct detection of optical digital transmission based on polarization shift keying modulation," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 13, 531-542 (1995).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

J. Yu, M. Huang, and G. Chang, "Wavelength conversion based on copolarized pumps generated by optical carrier suppression," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 392-394 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Tang and K. A. Shore, "A simple scheme for polarization insensitive four-wave mixing in semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1123-1125 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. K. Y. Wong, M. E. Marhic, K. Uesaka, and L. G. Kazovsky, "Polarization-independent one-pump fiber-optical parametric amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1506-1508 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. Hasegawa, K. Inoue and K. Oda, "Polarization independent frequency conversion by fiber four-wave mixing with a polarization diversity technique," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 947-949 (1993).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Commun.

S. Benedetto, and P. T. Poggiolini, "Multilevel polarization shift keying: optimum receiver structure and performance evaluation," IEEE Trans. Commun. 42, 1174-1186 (1994).
[CrossRef]

R. J. Blaikie, D. P. Taylor, and P. T. Gough, "Multilevel differential polarization shift keying," IEEE Trans. Commun. 45, 95-102 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. Benedetto, R. Gaudino, and P. Poggiolini, "Polarization recovery in optical polarization shift-keying systems," IEEE Trans. Commun. 45, 1269-1279 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. Benedetto and P. Poggiolini, "Theory of polarization shift keying modulation," IEEE Trans. Commun. 40, 708-721 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

J. P. R. Lacey, M. A. Summerfield, and S. J. Madden, "Tunability of polarization-insensitive wavelength converters based on four-wave mixing in semiconductor optical amplifiers," J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 2419-2427 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. W. Maeda, W. B. Sessa, W. I. Way, A. Yi-Yan, L. Curtis, R. Spicer, and R. I. Laming, "The effect of four-wave mixing in fibers on optical frequency-division multiplexed systems," J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 1402-1408 (1990).
[CrossRef]

E. Ciaramella, A. D’Errico, R. Proietti, and G. Contestabile, "WDM-POLSK transmission systems by using semiconductor optical amplifiers," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4039-4046 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B

G. P. Agrawal, "Population pulsation and nondegenerate four-wave mixing in semiconductor lasers and amplifiers," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B,  5, 147-159 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. Lett.

L. Han, H. Wen, H. Zhang, and Y. Guo, "All-optical wavelength conversion for polarization shift keying signal based on four-wave mixing in a semiconductor optical amplifier," Opt. Eng. Lett. 46, 090501 (2007).

Opt. Express

P. Martelli, P. Boffi, M. Ferrario, L. Marazzi, P. Parolari, R. Siano, V. Pusino, P. Minzioni, I. Cristiani, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, M. Martinelli, V. Degiorgio, "All-Optical Wavelength Conversion of a 100- Gb/s Polarization-Multiplexed Signal," Opt. Express 17, 17758-17763 (2009). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-20-17758.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M.-F. Huang, J. Yu, and G.-K. Chang, "Polarization insensitive wavelength conversion for 4 × 112 Gbit/s polarization multiplexing RZ-QPSK signals," Opt. Express 16, 21161-21169 (2008). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-26-21161.
[PubMed]

Other

A. Carena, V. Curri, R. Gaudino, N. Greco, P. Poggiolini, and S. Benedetto, "Polarization modulation in ultra long haul transmission systems: A promising alternative to intensity modulation," in Proc. ECOC 1998, paper noWdA24, Madrid, Spain (1998), pp. 429-430.

E. Hu, Y. Hsuen, K. Wong, M. Marhic, L. Kazovsky, K. Shimizu, and N. Kikuchi, "4-Level direct-detection polarization shift-keying (DD-PolSK) system with phase modulators," in Proc. OFC 2003, paper no. FD2, Atlanta, USA (2003).

N. Chi, S. Yu, L. Xu, and P. Jappesen, "Generation of Polarization shift keying signal and its application in optical labeling," in Proc. ECOC 2005, paper no. Mo 4.4.4, Glasgow, Scotland (2005).

Z. Wang, N. Deng, C. Lin and C. Chan "Polarization-insensitive widely tunable wavelength conversion based on four-wave mixing using dispersion-flattened high-nonlinearity photonic crystal fiber with residual birefringence" in Proc. ECOC 2006, We3.p.18, Cannes, France (2006).

Md. Bhuiyan, M. Matsuura, H. N. Tan, and N. Kishi, "Polarization-insensitive wavelength conversion for polarization shift keying signal based on four wave mixing in highly non-linear fiber," in Proc. OECC 2009, paper no. FE2, Hong Kong (2009).

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic diagram of the wavelength conversion for the PolSK signal using simple FWM. Inset: output FWM Spectra for PolSK signal. Conv.1: 1st converted signal and Conv.2: 2nd converted signal.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Experimental setup for the polarization-insensitive wavelength conversion of PolSK signal. Inset: (a) output optical spectrum from port D of the PBS, (b) pump and PolSK signal at input port A of the PBS. S1: One SOP component and S2: orthogonal SOP component of the input PolSK signal.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Comparison of power variation between conventional, at the converted wavelength of 1564 nm (Conv.2) and diversity scheme at (a) the converted wavelength of 1546 nm (Conv.1) and (b) 1564 nm (Conv.2) for both of the orthogonal SOP of PolSK signal.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

BER characteristics at (a) the converted wavelength of 1546 nm and (b) the converted wavelength of 1564 nm for both of the orthogonal SOP of PolSK signal in the diversity scheme. Insets: demodulated eye diagrams for the converted signal.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Output FWM spectra showing (a) 12 nm down-conversion and (b) 8 nm up-conversion.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Output conversion efficiency and receiver sensitivity at BER=10-9 vs. converted wavelength.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

BER characteristics of (a) one SOP component and (b) orthogonal SOP component of the PolSK signal for both 12 nm down-converted (1564 nm) and 8 nm up-converted (1544 nm) signal. Insets: demodulated eye diagrams for the converted signals.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Characteristics of highly non-linear fiber.

Equations (10)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

F 1 = ( F p · F s * ) F p r ( ω p ω s ) e j ( 2 ω p ω s ) t
F 2 = ( F s · F p * ) F s r ( ω p ω s ) e j ( 2 ω s ω p ) t
P ( Conv . 1 ) = [ γ P p L eff ] 2 · P s cos θ r ( ω p ω s ) e α L · η
P ( Conv . 2 ) = [ γ P s cos θ L eff ] 2 · P p r ( ω p ω s ) e α L · η
P fwm ( cw ) = [ γ ( P p 2 ) L eff ] 2 · P s sin 2 θ r ( ω p ω s ) e α L · η
P fwm ( ccw ) = [ γ ( P p 2 ) L eff ] 2 · P s cos 2 θ r ( ω p ω s ) e α L · η
P ( Conv . 1 ) = [ γ ( P p 2 ) L eff ] 2 · P s r ( ω p ω s ) e α L · η
P fwm ( cw ) = [ γ P s sin 2 θ L eff ] 2 · ( P p 2 ) r ( ω p ω s ) e α L · η
P fwm ( ccw ) = [ γ P s cos 2 θ L eff ] 2 · ( P p 2 ) r ( ω p ω s ) e α L · η
P ( Conv . 2 ) = [ γ P s L eff ] 2 · ( P p 2 ) r ( ω p ω s ) e α L · η [ sin 4 θ + cos 4 θ ]

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