Abstract

We present the detailed theoretical study of single attosecond pulse production from excited molecules driven by intense laser pulse. We demonstrate the possibility for continuously tunable soft x-ray production via high-order harmonic generation from a stretched aligned molecule undergoing Coulomb-barrier suppression ionization. This frequency tuning results from the quantum interference of free-electron wave packets emanating from different nuclei. High sensitivity of the shape of ionized electron wave packet to molecular alignment and internuclear separation in this regime offers the opportunity for ultrafast dynamic imaging of excited molecular transients.

© 2010 OSA

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  1. P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Augé, Ph. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, “Observation of a train of attosecond pulses from high harmonic generation,” Science 292(5522), 1689–1692 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414(6863), 509–513 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  3. E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science 320(5883), 1614–1617 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  4. F. Krausz and M. Ivanov, “Attosecond physics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81(1), 163–234 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  5. T. Pfeifer, C. Spielmann, and G. Gerber, “Femtosecond x-ray science,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 69(2), 443–505 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  6. E. Seres, J. Seres, and C. Spielmann, “Time resolved spectroscopy with femtosecond soft-x-ray pulses,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 96(1), 43–50 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  7. E. Seres, J. Seres, F. Krausz, and C. Spielmann, “Generation of coherent soft-x-ray radiation extending far beyond the titanium L edge,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(16), 163002 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  8. R. Velotta, N. Hay, M. B. Mason, M. Castillejo, and J. P. Marangos, “High-order harmonic generation in aligned molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(18), 183901 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  9. M. Lein, N. Hay, R. Velotta, J. P. Marangos, and P. L. Knight, “Role of the intramolecular phase in high-harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(18), 183903 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  10. M. Yu. Emelin, M. Yu. Ryabikin, A. M. Sergeev, M. D. Chernobrovtseva, T. Pfeifer, D. Walter, and G. Gerber, “Attosecond burst and high-harmonic generation in molecular ionization by ultrashort laser pulses,” JETP Lett. 77(5), 212–216 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  11. I. A. Gonoskov, M. Yu. Ryabikin, and A. M. Sergeev, “High-order harmonic generation in light molecules: moving-nuclei semiclassical simulations,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 39(13), S445–S455 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  12. A. D. Bandrauk, S. Chelkowski, and H. Lu, “Signatures of nuclear motion in molecular high-order harmonics and in the generation of attosecond pulse trains by ultrashort intense laser pulses,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 42(7), 075602 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  13. X. Zhou, R. Lock, N. Wagner, W. Li, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, “Elliptically polarized high-order harmonic emission from molecules in linearly polarized laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(7), 073902 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  14. M. Kaku, K. Masuda, and K. Miyazaki, “Observation of revival structure in femtosecond-laser-induced alignment of N2 with high-order harmonic generation,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43(No. 4B), L591–L593 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  15. J. Itatani, D. Zeidler, J. Levesque, M. Spanner, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, “Controlling high harmonic generation with molecular wave packets,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(12), 123902 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  16. T. Pfeifer, D. Walter, G. Gerber, M. Yu. Emelin, M. Yu. Ryabikin, M. D. Chernobrovtseva, and A. M. Sergeev, “Transient enhancement of high-order harmonic generation in expanding molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 70(1), 013805 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  17. M. Yu. Emelin, M. Yu. Ryabikin, and A. M. Sergeev, “Monitoring long-term evolution of molecular vibrational wave packet using high-order harmonic generation,” N. J. Phys. 10(2), 025026 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  18. R. Numico, P. Moreno, L. Plaja, and L. Roso, “High-order harmonic generation after photodissociation,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 31(18), 4163–4172 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  19. M. Y. Ivanov and P. B. Corkum, “Generation of high-order harmonics from inertially confined molecular ions,” Phys. Rev. A 48(1), 580–590 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  20. T. Zuo, S. Chelkowski, and A. D. Bandrauk, “Harmonic generation by the H2+ molecular ion in intense laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 48(5), 3837–3844 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  21. P. Moreno, L. Plaja, and L. Roso, “Ultrahigh harmonic generation from diatomic molecular ions in highly excited vibrational states,” Phys. Rev. A 55(3), R1593–R1596 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  22. R. Kopold, W. Becker, and M. Kleber, “Model calculations of high-harmonic generation in molecular ions,” Phys. Rev. A 58(5), 4022–4038 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  23. D. G. Lappas and J. P. Marangos, “Orientation dependence of high-order harmonic generation in hydrogen molecular ions,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 33(21), 4679–4689 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  24. M. Protopapas, C. H. Keitel, and P. L. Knight, “Atomic physics with super-high intensity lasers,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 60(4), 389–486 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  25. J. L. Krause, K. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, “High-order harmonic generation from atoms and ions in the high intensity regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68(24), 3535–3538 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  26. P. B. Corkum, “Plasma perspective on strong field multiphoton ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71(13), 1994–1997 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  27. K. Burnett, V. C. Reed, J. Cooper, and P. L. Knight, “Calculation of the background emitted during high-harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A 45(5), 3347–3349 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  28. A. V. Kim, M. Yu. Ryabikin, and A. M. Sergeev, “From femtosecond to attosecond pulses,” Usp. Fiz. Nauk 169, 58–66 (1999) Phys. Usp. 42(1), 54–61 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  29. M. V. Fedorov and J. Peatross, “Strong-field photoionization and emission of light in the wave-packet-spreading regime,” Phys. Rev. A 52(1), 504–513 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  30. M. Yu. Emelin, M. Yu. Ryabikin, A. M. Sergeev, M. D. Chernobrovtseva, T. Pfeifer, D. Walter, and G. Gerber, “High-efficiency generation of attosecond pulses during atomic ionization from excited electronic states,” Europhys. Lett. 69(6), 913–919 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  31. M. Yu. Emelin, M. Yu. Ryabikin, and A. M. Sergeev, “Single attosecond burst generation during ionization of excited atoms by intense ultrashort laser pulses,” Sov. Phys. JETP 106, 203–217 (2008).
  32. M. D. Feit, J. A. Fleck, and A. Steiger, “Solution of the Schrödinger equation by a spectral method,” J. Comput. Phys. 47(3), 412–433 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  33. A. Guandalini, P. Eckle, M. Anscombe, P. Schlup, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “5.1 fs pulses generated by filamentation and carrier envelope phase stability analysis,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 39(13), S257–S264 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  34. S. Bohman, A. Suda, M. Kaku, M. Nurhuda, T. Kanai, S. Yamaguchi, and K. Midorikawa, “Generation of 5 fs, 0.5 TW pulses focusable to relativistic intensities at 1 kHz,” Opt. Express 16(14), 10684–10689 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  35. V. S. Vladimirov, Equations of mathematical physics (2nd English ed.) (Mir Publishers, Moscow, 1983).
  36. J. P. Marangos, S. Baker, N. Kajumba, J. S. Robinson, J. W. G. Tisch, and R. Torres, “Dynamic imaging of molecules using high order harmonic generation,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 10(1), 35–48 (2007).
    [CrossRef]

2009 (4)

F. Krausz and M. Ivanov, “Attosecond physics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81(1), 163–234 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. Seres, J. Seres, and C. Spielmann, “Time resolved spectroscopy with femtosecond soft-x-ray pulses,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 96(1), 43–50 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. D. Bandrauk, S. Chelkowski, and H. Lu, “Signatures of nuclear motion in molecular high-order harmonics and in the generation of attosecond pulse trains by ultrashort intense laser pulses,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 42(7), 075602 (2009).
[CrossRef]

X. Zhou, R. Lock, N. Wagner, W. Li, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, “Elliptically polarized high-order harmonic emission from molecules in linearly polarized laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(7), 073902 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (4)

M. Yu. Emelin, M. Yu. Ryabikin, and A. M. Sergeev, “Monitoring long-term evolution of molecular vibrational wave packet using high-order harmonic generation,” N. J. Phys. 10(2), 025026 (2008).
[CrossRef]

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science 320(5883), 1614–1617 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Yu. Emelin, M. Yu. Ryabikin, and A. M. Sergeev, “Single attosecond burst generation during ionization of excited atoms by intense ultrashort laser pulses,” Sov. Phys. JETP 106, 203–217 (2008).

S. Bohman, A. Suda, M. Kaku, M. Nurhuda, T. Kanai, S. Yamaguchi, and K. Midorikawa, “Generation of 5 fs, 0.5 TW pulses focusable to relativistic intensities at 1 kHz,” Opt. Express 16(14), 10684–10689 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

J. P. Marangos, S. Baker, N. Kajumba, J. S. Robinson, J. W. G. Tisch, and R. Torres, “Dynamic imaging of molecules using high order harmonic generation,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 10(1), 35–48 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (3)

A. Guandalini, P. Eckle, M. Anscombe, P. Schlup, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “5.1 fs pulses generated by filamentation and carrier envelope phase stability analysis,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 39(13), S257–S264 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Pfeifer, C. Spielmann, and G. Gerber, “Femtosecond x-ray science,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 69(2), 443–505 (2006).
[CrossRef]

I. A. Gonoskov, M. Yu. Ryabikin, and A. M. Sergeev, “High-order harmonic generation in light molecules: moving-nuclei semiclassical simulations,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 39(13), S445–S455 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

M. Yu. Emelin, M. Yu. Ryabikin, A. M. Sergeev, M. D. Chernobrovtseva, T. Pfeifer, D. Walter, and G. Gerber, “High-efficiency generation of attosecond pulses during atomic ionization from excited electronic states,” Europhys. Lett. 69(6), 913–919 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Itatani, D. Zeidler, J. Levesque, M. Spanner, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, “Controlling high harmonic generation with molecular wave packets,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(12), 123902 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (3)

T. Pfeifer, D. Walter, G. Gerber, M. Yu. Emelin, M. Yu. Ryabikin, M. D. Chernobrovtseva, and A. M. Sergeev, “Transient enhancement of high-order harmonic generation in expanding molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 70(1), 013805 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Kaku, K. Masuda, and K. Miyazaki, “Observation of revival structure in femtosecond-laser-induced alignment of N2 with high-order harmonic generation,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43(No. 4B), L591–L593 (2004).
[CrossRef]

E. Seres, J. Seres, F. Krausz, and C. Spielmann, “Generation of coherent soft-x-ray radiation extending far beyond the titanium L edge,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(16), 163002 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

M. Yu. Emelin, M. Yu. Ryabikin, A. M. Sergeev, M. D. Chernobrovtseva, T. Pfeifer, D. Walter, and G. Gerber, “Attosecond burst and high-harmonic generation in molecular ionization by ultrashort laser pulses,” JETP Lett. 77(5), 212–216 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

M. Lein, N. Hay, R. Velotta, J. P. Marangos, and P. L. Knight, “Role of the intramolecular phase in high-harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(18), 183903 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (3)

R. Velotta, N. Hay, M. B. Mason, M. Castillejo, and J. P. Marangos, “High-order harmonic generation in aligned molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(18), 183901 (2001).
[CrossRef]

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Augé, Ph. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, “Observation of a train of attosecond pulses from high harmonic generation,” Science 292(5522), 1689–1692 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414(6863), 509–513 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

D. G. Lappas and J. P. Marangos, “Orientation dependence of high-order harmonic generation in hydrogen molecular ions,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 33(21), 4679–4689 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

A. V. Kim, M. Yu. Ryabikin, and A. M. Sergeev, “From femtosecond to attosecond pulses,” Usp. Fiz. Nauk 169, 58–66 (1999) Phys. Usp. 42(1), 54–61 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

R. Kopold, W. Becker, and M. Kleber, “Model calculations of high-harmonic generation in molecular ions,” Phys. Rev. A 58(5), 4022–4038 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. Numico, P. Moreno, L. Plaja, and L. Roso, “High-order harmonic generation after photodissociation,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 31(18), 4163–4172 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

P. Moreno, L. Plaja, and L. Roso, “Ultrahigh harmonic generation from diatomic molecular ions in highly excited vibrational states,” Phys. Rev. A 55(3), R1593–R1596 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Protopapas, C. H. Keitel, and P. L. Knight, “Atomic physics with super-high intensity lasers,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 60(4), 389–486 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

M. V. Fedorov and J. Peatross, “Strong-field photoionization and emission of light in the wave-packet-spreading regime,” Phys. Rev. A 52(1), 504–513 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1993 (3)

P. B. Corkum, “Plasma perspective on strong field multiphoton ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71(13), 1994–1997 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. Y. Ivanov and P. B. Corkum, “Generation of high-order harmonics from inertially confined molecular ions,” Phys. Rev. A 48(1), 580–590 (1993).
[CrossRef]

T. Zuo, S. Chelkowski, and A. D. Bandrauk, “Harmonic generation by the H2+ molecular ion in intense laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 48(5), 3837–3844 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (2)

K. Burnett, V. C. Reed, J. Cooper, and P. L. Knight, “Calculation of the background emitted during high-harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A 45(5), 3347–3349 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. L. Krause, K. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, “High-order harmonic generation from atoms and ions in the high intensity regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68(24), 3535–3538 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

M. D. Feit, J. A. Fleck, and A. Steiger, “Solution of the Schrödinger equation by a spectral method,” J. Comput. Phys. 47(3), 412–433 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Agostini, P.

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Augé, Ph. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, “Observation of a train of attosecond pulses from high harmonic generation,” Science 292(5522), 1689–1692 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Anscombe, M.

A. Guandalini, P. Eckle, M. Anscombe, P. Schlup, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “5.1 fs pulses generated by filamentation and carrier envelope phase stability analysis,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 39(13), S257–S264 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Aquila, A. L.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science 320(5883), 1614–1617 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Attwood, D. T.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science 320(5883), 1614–1617 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Augé, F.

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Augé, Ph. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, “Observation of a train of attosecond pulses from high harmonic generation,” Science 292(5522), 1689–1692 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Baker, S.

J. P. Marangos, S. Baker, N. Kajumba, J. S. Robinson, J. W. G. Tisch, and R. Torres, “Dynamic imaging of molecules using high order harmonic generation,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 10(1), 35–48 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Balcou, Ph.

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Augé, Ph. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, “Observation of a train of attosecond pulses from high harmonic generation,” Science 292(5522), 1689–1692 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bandrauk, A. D.

A. D. Bandrauk, S. Chelkowski, and H. Lu, “Signatures of nuclear motion in molecular high-order harmonics and in the generation of attosecond pulse trains by ultrashort intense laser pulses,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 42(7), 075602 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Zuo, S. Chelkowski, and A. D. Bandrauk, “Harmonic generation by the H2+ molecular ion in intense laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 48(5), 3837–3844 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Becker, W.

R. Kopold, W. Becker, and M. Kleber, “Model calculations of high-harmonic generation in molecular ions,” Phys. Rev. A 58(5), 4022–4038 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Biegert, J.

A. Guandalini, P. Eckle, M. Anscombe, P. Schlup, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “5.1 fs pulses generated by filamentation and carrier envelope phase stability analysis,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 39(13), S257–S264 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bohman, S.

S. Bohman, A. Suda, M. Kaku, M. Nurhuda, T. Kanai, S. Yamaguchi, and K. Midorikawa, “Generation of 5 fs, 0.5 TW pulses focusable to relativistic intensities at 1 kHz,” Opt. Express 16(14), 10684–10689 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Brabec, T.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414(6863), 509–513 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Breger, P.

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Augé, Ph. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, “Observation of a train of attosecond pulses from high harmonic generation,” Science 292(5522), 1689–1692 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Burnett, K.

K. Burnett, V. C. Reed, J. Cooper, and P. L. Knight, “Calculation of the background emitted during high-harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A 45(5), 3347–3349 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Castillejo, M.

R. Velotta, N. Hay, M. B. Mason, M. Castillejo, and J. P. Marangos, “High-order harmonic generation in aligned molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(18), 183901 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Chelkowski, S.

A. D. Bandrauk, S. Chelkowski, and H. Lu, “Signatures of nuclear motion in molecular high-order harmonics and in the generation of attosecond pulse trains by ultrashort intense laser pulses,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 42(7), 075602 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Zuo, S. Chelkowski, and A. D. Bandrauk, “Harmonic generation by the H2+ molecular ion in intense laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 48(5), 3837–3844 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Chernobrovtseva, M. D.

M. Yu. Emelin, M. Yu. Ryabikin, A. M. Sergeev, M. D. Chernobrovtseva, T. Pfeifer, D. Walter, and G. Gerber, “High-efficiency generation of attosecond pulses during atomic ionization from excited electronic states,” Europhys. Lett. 69(6), 913–919 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Pfeifer, D. Walter, G. Gerber, M. Yu. Emelin, M. Yu. Ryabikin, M. D. Chernobrovtseva, and A. M. Sergeev, “Transient enhancement of high-order harmonic generation in expanding molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 70(1), 013805 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Yu. Emelin, M. Yu. Ryabikin, A. M. Sergeev, M. D. Chernobrovtseva, T. Pfeifer, D. Walter, and G. Gerber, “Attosecond burst and high-harmonic generation in molecular ionization by ultrashort laser pulses,” JETP Lett. 77(5), 212–216 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Cooper, J.

K. Burnett, V. C. Reed, J. Cooper, and P. L. Knight, “Calculation of the background emitted during high-harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A 45(5), 3347–3349 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Corkum, P.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414(6863), 509–513 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Corkum, P. B.

J. Itatani, D. Zeidler, J. Levesque, M. Spanner, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, “Controlling high harmonic generation with molecular wave packets,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(12), 123902 (2005).
[CrossRef]

P. B. Corkum, “Plasma perspective on strong field multiphoton ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71(13), 1994–1997 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. Y. Ivanov and P. B. Corkum, “Generation of high-order harmonics from inertially confined molecular ions,” Phys. Rev. A 48(1), 580–590 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Drescher, M.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414(6863), 509–513 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Eckle, P.

A. Guandalini, P. Eckle, M. Anscombe, P. Schlup, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “5.1 fs pulses generated by filamentation and carrier envelope phase stability analysis,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 39(13), S257–S264 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Emelin, M. Yu.

M. Yu. Emelin, M. Yu. Ryabikin, and A. M. Sergeev, “Single attosecond burst generation during ionization of excited atoms by intense ultrashort laser pulses,” Sov. Phys. JETP 106, 203–217 (2008).

M. Yu. Emelin, M. Yu. Ryabikin, and A. M. Sergeev, “Monitoring long-term evolution of molecular vibrational wave packet using high-order harmonic generation,” N. J. Phys. 10(2), 025026 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Yu. Emelin, M. Yu. Ryabikin, A. M. Sergeev, M. D. Chernobrovtseva, T. Pfeifer, D. Walter, and G. Gerber, “High-efficiency generation of attosecond pulses during atomic ionization from excited electronic states,” Europhys. Lett. 69(6), 913–919 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Pfeifer, D. Walter, G. Gerber, M. Yu. Emelin, M. Yu. Ryabikin, M. D. Chernobrovtseva, and A. M. Sergeev, “Transient enhancement of high-order harmonic generation in expanding molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 70(1), 013805 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Yu. Emelin, M. Yu. Ryabikin, A. M. Sergeev, M. D. Chernobrovtseva, T. Pfeifer, D. Walter, and G. Gerber, “Attosecond burst and high-harmonic generation in molecular ionization by ultrashort laser pulses,” JETP Lett. 77(5), 212–216 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Fedorov, M. V.

M. V. Fedorov and J. Peatross, “Strong-field photoionization and emission of light in the wave-packet-spreading regime,” Phys. Rev. A 52(1), 504–513 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Feit, M. D.

M. D. Feit, J. A. Fleck, and A. Steiger, “Solution of the Schrödinger equation by a spectral method,” J. Comput. Phys. 47(3), 412–433 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Fleck, J. A.

M. D. Feit, J. A. Fleck, and A. Steiger, “Solution of the Schrödinger equation by a spectral method,” J. Comput. Phys. 47(3), 412–433 (1982).
[CrossRef]

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T. Pfeifer, C. Spielmann, and G. Gerber, “Femtosecond x-ray science,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 69(2), 443–505 (2006).
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M. Yu. Emelin, M. Yu. Ryabikin, A. M. Sergeev, M. D. Chernobrovtseva, T. Pfeifer, D. Walter, and G. Gerber, “High-efficiency generation of attosecond pulses during atomic ionization from excited electronic states,” Europhys. Lett. 69(6), 913–919 (2005).
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T. Pfeifer, D. Walter, G. Gerber, M. Yu. Emelin, M. Yu. Ryabikin, M. D. Chernobrovtseva, and A. M. Sergeev, “Transient enhancement of high-order harmonic generation in expanding molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 70(1), 013805 (2004).
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M. Yu. Emelin, M. Yu. Ryabikin, A. M. Sergeev, M. D. Chernobrovtseva, T. Pfeifer, D. Walter, and G. Gerber, “Attosecond burst and high-harmonic generation in molecular ionization by ultrashort laser pulses,” JETP Lett. 77(5), 212–216 (2003).
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I. A. Gonoskov, M. Yu. Ryabikin, and A. M. Sergeev, “High-order harmonic generation in light molecules: moving-nuclei semiclassical simulations,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 39(13), S445–S455 (2006).
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E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science 320(5883), 1614–1617 (2008).
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S. Bohman, A. Suda, M. Kaku, M. Nurhuda, T. Kanai, S. Yamaguchi, and K. Midorikawa, “Generation of 5 fs, 0.5 TW pulses focusable to relativistic intensities at 1 kHz,” Opt. Express 16(14), 10684–10689 (2008).
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S. Bohman, A. Suda, M. Kaku, M. Nurhuda, T. Kanai, S. Yamaguchi, and K. Midorikawa, “Generation of 5 fs, 0.5 TW pulses focusable to relativistic intensities at 1 kHz,” Opt. Express 16(14), 10684–10689 (2008).
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X. Zhou, R. Lock, N. Wagner, W. Li, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, “Elliptically polarized high-order harmonic emission from molecules in linearly polarized laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(7), 073902 (2009).
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M. Protopapas, C. H. Keitel, and P. L. Knight, “Atomic physics with super-high intensity lasers,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 60(4), 389–486 (1997).
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A. Guandalini, P. Eckle, M. Anscombe, P. Schlup, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “5.1 fs pulses generated by filamentation and carrier envelope phase stability analysis,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 39(13), S257–S264 (2006).
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E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science 320(5883), 1614–1617 (2008).
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M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414(6863), 509–513 (2001).
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A. V. Kim, M. Yu. Ryabikin, and A. M. Sergeev, “From femtosecond to attosecond pulses,” Usp. Fiz. Nauk 169, 58–66 (1999) Phys. Usp. 42(1), 54–61 (1999).
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M. Lein, N. Hay, R. Velotta, J. P. Marangos, and P. L. Knight, “Role of the intramolecular phase in high-harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(18), 183903 (2002).
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M. Protopapas, C. H. Keitel, and P. L. Knight, “Atomic physics with super-high intensity lasers,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 60(4), 389–486 (1997).
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J. L. Krause, K. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, “High-order harmonic generation from atoms and ions in the high intensity regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68(24), 3535–3538 (1992).
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Krausz, F.

F. Krausz and M. Ivanov, “Attosecond physics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81(1), 163–234 (2009).
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E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science 320(5883), 1614–1617 (2008).
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E. Seres, J. Seres, F. Krausz, and C. Spielmann, “Generation of coherent soft-x-ray radiation extending far beyond the titanium L edge,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(16), 163002 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414(6863), 509–513 (2001).
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J. L. Krause, K. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, “High-order harmonic generation from atoms and ions in the high intensity regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68(24), 3535–3538 (1992).
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D. G. Lappas and J. P. Marangos, “Orientation dependence of high-order harmonic generation in hydrogen molecular ions,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 33(21), 4679–4689 (2000).
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M. Lein, N. Hay, R. Velotta, J. P. Marangos, and P. L. Knight, “Role of the intramolecular phase in high-harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(18), 183903 (2002).
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J. Itatani, D. Zeidler, J. Levesque, M. Spanner, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, “Controlling high harmonic generation with molecular wave packets,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(12), 123902 (2005).
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Li, W.

X. Zhou, R. Lock, N. Wagner, W. Li, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, “Elliptically polarized high-order harmonic emission from molecules in linearly polarized laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(7), 073902 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lock, R.

X. Zhou, R. Lock, N. Wagner, W. Li, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, “Elliptically polarized high-order harmonic emission from molecules in linearly polarized laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(7), 073902 (2009).
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A. D. Bandrauk, S. Chelkowski, and H. Lu, “Signatures of nuclear motion in molecular high-order harmonics and in the generation of attosecond pulse trains by ultrashort intense laser pulses,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 42(7), 075602 (2009).
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J. P. Marangos, S. Baker, N. Kajumba, J. S. Robinson, J. W. G. Tisch, and R. Torres, “Dynamic imaging of molecules using high order harmonic generation,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 10(1), 35–48 (2007).
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M. Lein, N. Hay, R. Velotta, J. P. Marangos, and P. L. Knight, “Role of the intramolecular phase in high-harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(18), 183903 (2002).
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R. Velotta, N. Hay, M. B. Mason, M. Castillejo, and J. P. Marangos, “High-order harmonic generation in aligned molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(18), 183901 (2001).
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D. G. Lappas and J. P. Marangos, “Orientation dependence of high-order harmonic generation in hydrogen molecular ions,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 33(21), 4679–4689 (2000).
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R. Velotta, N. Hay, M. B. Mason, M. Castillejo, and J. P. Marangos, “High-order harmonic generation in aligned molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(18), 183901 (2001).
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M. Kaku, K. Masuda, and K. Miyazaki, “Observation of revival structure in femtosecond-laser-induced alignment of N2 with high-order harmonic generation,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43(No. 4B), L591–L593 (2004).
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S. Bohman, A. Suda, M. Kaku, M. Nurhuda, T. Kanai, S. Yamaguchi, and K. Midorikawa, “Generation of 5 fs, 0.5 TW pulses focusable to relativistic intensities at 1 kHz,” Opt. Express 16(14), 10684–10689 (2008).
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M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414(6863), 509–513 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Miyazaki, K.

M. Kaku, K. Masuda, and K. Miyazaki, “Observation of revival structure in femtosecond-laser-induced alignment of N2 with high-order harmonic generation,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43(No. 4B), L591–L593 (2004).
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R. Numico, P. Moreno, L. Plaja, and L. Roso, “High-order harmonic generation after photodissociation,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 31(18), 4163–4172 (1998).
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P. Moreno, L. Plaja, and L. Roso, “Ultrahigh harmonic generation from diatomic molecular ions in highly excited vibrational states,” Phys. Rev. A 55(3), R1593–R1596 (1997).
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P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Augé, Ph. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, “Observation of a train of attosecond pulses from high harmonic generation,” Science 292(5522), 1689–1692 (2001).
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P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Augé, Ph. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, “Observation of a train of attosecond pulses from high harmonic generation,” Science 292(5522), 1689–1692 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Murnane, M. M.

X. Zhou, R. Lock, N. Wagner, W. Li, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, “Elliptically polarized high-order harmonic emission from molecules in linearly polarized laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(7), 073902 (2009).
[CrossRef]

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R. Numico, P. Moreno, L. Plaja, and L. Roso, “High-order harmonic generation after photodissociation,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 31(18), 4163–4172 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Nurhuda, M.

S. Bohman, A. Suda, M. Kaku, M. Nurhuda, T. Kanai, S. Yamaguchi, and K. Midorikawa, “Generation of 5 fs, 0.5 TW pulses focusable to relativistic intensities at 1 kHz,” Opt. Express 16(14), 10684–10689 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Paul, P. M.

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Augé, Ph. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, “Observation of a train of attosecond pulses from high harmonic generation,” Science 292(5522), 1689–1692 (2001).
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M. V. Fedorov and J. Peatross, “Strong-field photoionization and emission of light in the wave-packet-spreading regime,” Phys. Rev. A 52(1), 504–513 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Pfeifer, T.

T. Pfeifer, C. Spielmann, and G. Gerber, “Femtosecond x-ray science,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 69(2), 443–505 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Yu. Emelin, M. Yu. Ryabikin, A. M. Sergeev, M. D. Chernobrovtseva, T. Pfeifer, D. Walter, and G. Gerber, “High-efficiency generation of attosecond pulses during atomic ionization from excited electronic states,” Europhys. Lett. 69(6), 913–919 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Pfeifer, D. Walter, G. Gerber, M. Yu. Emelin, M. Yu. Ryabikin, M. D. Chernobrovtseva, and A. M. Sergeev, “Transient enhancement of high-order harmonic generation in expanding molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 70(1), 013805 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Yu. Emelin, M. Yu. Ryabikin, A. M. Sergeev, M. D. Chernobrovtseva, T. Pfeifer, D. Walter, and G. Gerber, “Attosecond burst and high-harmonic generation in molecular ionization by ultrashort laser pulses,” JETP Lett. 77(5), 212–216 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Plaja, L.

R. Numico, P. Moreno, L. Plaja, and L. Roso, “High-order harmonic generation after photodissociation,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 31(18), 4163–4172 (1998).
[CrossRef]

P. Moreno, L. Plaja, and L. Roso, “Ultrahigh harmonic generation from diatomic molecular ions in highly excited vibrational states,” Phys. Rev. A 55(3), R1593–R1596 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Protopapas, M.

M. Protopapas, C. H. Keitel, and P. L. Knight, “Atomic physics with super-high intensity lasers,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 60(4), 389–486 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Reed, V. C.

K. Burnett, V. C. Reed, J. Cooper, and P. L. Knight, “Calculation of the background emitted during high-harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A 45(5), 3347–3349 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Reider, G. A.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414(6863), 509–513 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Robinson, J. S.

J. P. Marangos, S. Baker, N. Kajumba, J. S. Robinson, J. W. G. Tisch, and R. Torres, “Dynamic imaging of molecules using high order harmonic generation,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 10(1), 35–48 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Roso, L.

R. Numico, P. Moreno, L. Plaja, and L. Roso, “High-order harmonic generation after photodissociation,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 31(18), 4163–4172 (1998).
[CrossRef]

P. Moreno, L. Plaja, and L. Roso, “Ultrahigh harmonic generation from diatomic molecular ions in highly excited vibrational states,” Phys. Rev. A 55(3), R1593–R1596 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ryabikin, M. Yu.

M. Yu. Emelin, M. Yu. Ryabikin, and A. M. Sergeev, “Monitoring long-term evolution of molecular vibrational wave packet using high-order harmonic generation,” N. J. Phys. 10(2), 025026 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Yu. Emelin, M. Yu. Ryabikin, and A. M. Sergeev, “Single attosecond burst generation during ionization of excited atoms by intense ultrashort laser pulses,” Sov. Phys. JETP 106, 203–217 (2008).

I. A. Gonoskov, M. Yu. Ryabikin, and A. M. Sergeev, “High-order harmonic generation in light molecules: moving-nuclei semiclassical simulations,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 39(13), S445–S455 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Yu. Emelin, M. Yu. Ryabikin, A. M. Sergeev, M. D. Chernobrovtseva, T. Pfeifer, D. Walter, and G. Gerber, “High-efficiency generation of attosecond pulses during atomic ionization from excited electronic states,” Europhys. Lett. 69(6), 913–919 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Pfeifer, D. Walter, G. Gerber, M. Yu. Emelin, M. Yu. Ryabikin, M. D. Chernobrovtseva, and A. M. Sergeev, “Transient enhancement of high-order harmonic generation in expanding molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 70(1), 013805 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Yu. Emelin, M. Yu. Ryabikin, A. M. Sergeev, M. D. Chernobrovtseva, T. Pfeifer, D. Walter, and G. Gerber, “Attosecond burst and high-harmonic generation in molecular ionization by ultrashort laser pulses,” JETP Lett. 77(5), 212–216 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Kim, M. Yu. Ryabikin, and A. M. Sergeev, “From femtosecond to attosecond pulses,” Usp. Fiz. Nauk 169, 58–66 (1999) Phys. Usp. 42(1), 54–61 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Schafer, K. J.

J. L. Krause, K. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, “High-order harmonic generation from atoms and ions in the high intensity regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68(24), 3535–3538 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Schlup, P.

A. Guandalini, P. Eckle, M. Anscombe, P. Schlup, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “5.1 fs pulses generated by filamentation and carrier envelope phase stability analysis,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 39(13), S257–S264 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Schultze, M.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science 320(5883), 1614–1617 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Seres, E.

E. Seres, J. Seres, and C. Spielmann, “Time resolved spectroscopy with femtosecond soft-x-ray pulses,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 96(1), 43–50 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. Seres, J. Seres, F. Krausz, and C. Spielmann, “Generation of coherent soft-x-ray radiation extending far beyond the titanium L edge,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(16), 163002 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Seres, J.

E. Seres, J. Seres, and C. Spielmann, “Time resolved spectroscopy with femtosecond soft-x-ray pulses,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 96(1), 43–50 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. Seres, J. Seres, F. Krausz, and C. Spielmann, “Generation of coherent soft-x-ray radiation extending far beyond the titanium L edge,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(16), 163002 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sergeev, A. M.

M. Yu. Emelin, M. Yu. Ryabikin, and A. M. Sergeev, “Monitoring long-term evolution of molecular vibrational wave packet using high-order harmonic generation,” N. J. Phys. 10(2), 025026 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Yu. Emelin, M. Yu. Ryabikin, and A. M. Sergeev, “Single attosecond burst generation during ionization of excited atoms by intense ultrashort laser pulses,” Sov. Phys. JETP 106, 203–217 (2008).

I. A. Gonoskov, M. Yu. Ryabikin, and A. M. Sergeev, “High-order harmonic generation in light molecules: moving-nuclei semiclassical simulations,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 39(13), S445–S455 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Yu. Emelin, M. Yu. Ryabikin, A. M. Sergeev, M. D. Chernobrovtseva, T. Pfeifer, D. Walter, and G. Gerber, “High-efficiency generation of attosecond pulses during atomic ionization from excited electronic states,” Europhys. Lett. 69(6), 913–919 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Pfeifer, D. Walter, G. Gerber, M. Yu. Emelin, M. Yu. Ryabikin, M. D. Chernobrovtseva, and A. M. Sergeev, “Transient enhancement of high-order harmonic generation in expanding molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 70(1), 013805 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Yu. Emelin, M. Yu. Ryabikin, A. M. Sergeev, M. D. Chernobrovtseva, T. Pfeifer, D. Walter, and G. Gerber, “Attosecond burst and high-harmonic generation in molecular ionization by ultrashort laser pulses,” JETP Lett. 77(5), 212–216 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Kim, M. Yu. Ryabikin, and A. M. Sergeev, “From femtosecond to attosecond pulses,” Usp. Fiz. Nauk 169, 58–66 (1999) Phys. Usp. 42(1), 54–61 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Spanner, M.

J. Itatani, D. Zeidler, J. Levesque, M. Spanner, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, “Controlling high harmonic generation with molecular wave packets,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(12), 123902 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Spielmann, C.

E. Seres, J. Seres, and C. Spielmann, “Time resolved spectroscopy with femtosecond soft-x-ray pulses,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 96(1), 43–50 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Pfeifer, C. Spielmann, and G. Gerber, “Femtosecond x-ray science,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 69(2), 443–505 (2006).
[CrossRef]

E. Seres, J. Seres, F. Krausz, and C. Spielmann, “Generation of coherent soft-x-ray radiation extending far beyond the titanium L edge,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(16), 163002 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Spielmann, Ch.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414(6863), 509–513 (2001).
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J. P. Marangos, S. Baker, N. Kajumba, J. S. Robinson, J. W. G. Tisch, and R. Torres, “Dynamic imaging of molecules using high order harmonic generation,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 10(1), 35–48 (2007).
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M. Yu. Emelin, M. Yu. Ryabikin, A. M. Sergeev, M. D. Chernobrovtseva, T. Pfeifer, D. Walter, and G. Gerber, “Attosecond burst and high-harmonic generation in molecular ionization by ultrashort laser pulses,” JETP Lett. 77(5), 212–216 (2003).
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J. Itatani, D. Zeidler, J. Levesque, M. Spanner, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, “Controlling high harmonic generation with molecular wave packets,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(12), 123902 (2005).
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R. Velotta, N. Hay, M. B. Mason, M. Castillejo, and J. P. Marangos, “High-order harmonic generation in aligned molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(18), 183901 (2001).
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M. Lein, N. Hay, R. Velotta, J. P. Marangos, and P. L. Knight, “Role of the intramolecular phase in high-harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(18), 183903 (2002).
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[CrossRef]

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science 320(5883), 1614–1617 (2008).
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