Abstract

A new type long period fiber grating is fabricated in all-solid photonic bandgap fiber by periodically drilling microholes using femtosecond laser pulse irradiation. Such a structure introduces a strong refractive index modulation in the waveguide structure and hence exhibits a compact grating dimension. Both the simulation and the experimental results confirm the existence of the light coupling from core mode to the LP11 cladding mode. The refractive index sensing capability of the device has been investigated and the resonant wavelength shift corresponding to the refractive index change from 1.30 to 1.35 is 23.7nm. The average refractive index sensitivity obtained is 537nm/RIU (refractive index unit).

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    [Crossref]
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2009 (1)

2008 (4)

2007 (2)

2006 (2)

2005 (1)

2004 (2)

J. H. Chong, P. Shum, H. Haryono, A. Yohana, M. K. Rao, and C. Lu, “Measurements of refractive index sensitivity using long-period grating refractometer,” Opt. Commun. 229(1-6), 65–69 (2004).
[Crossref]

F. Luan, A. K. George, T. D. Hedley, G. J. Pearce, D. M. Bird, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, “All-solid photonic bandgap fiber,” Opt. Lett. 29(20), 2369–2371 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

2002 (1)

2001 (2)

1999 (2)

M. D. Perry, B. C. Stuart, P. S. Banks, M. D. Feit, V. Yanovsky, and A. M. Rubenchik, “Ultrashort-pulse laser machining of dielectric materials,” J. Appl. Phys. 85(9), 6803–6810 (1999).
[Crossref]

Y. Kondo, K. Nouchi, T. Mitsuyu, M. Watanabe, P. G. Kazansky, and K. Hirao, “Fabrication of long-period fiber gratings by focused irradiation of infrared femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Lett. 24(10), 646–648 (1999).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

E. N. Glezer and E. Mazur, “Ultrafast-laser driven micro-explosions in transparent materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71(7), 882–884 (1997).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, “Long-period fiber gratings as band rejection filters,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14(1), 58–65 (1996).
[Crossref]

Allsop, T.

Bang, O.

Banks, P. S.

M. D. Perry, B. C. Stuart, P. S. Banks, M. D. Feit, V. Yanovsky, and A. M. Rubenchik, “Ultrashort-pulse laser machining of dielectric materials,” J. Appl. Phys. 85(9), 6803–6810 (1999).
[Crossref]

Bennion, I.

Bétourné, A.

Bhatia, V.

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, “Long-period fiber gratings as band rejection filters,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14(1), 58–65 (1996).
[Crossref]

Bird, D. M.

Bouwmans, G.

Brambilla, G.

Chong, J. H.

J. H. Chong, P. Shum, H. Haryono, A. Yohana, M. K. Rao, and C. Lu, “Measurements of refractive index sensitivity using long-period grating refractometer,” Opt. Commun. 229(1-6), 65–69 (2004).
[Crossref]

Dong, X.

Douay, M.

Dubov, M.

Eggleton, B. J.

Erdogan, T.

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, “Long-period fiber gratings as band rejection filters,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14(1), 58–65 (1996).
[Crossref]

Fan, X.

Feit, M. D.

M. D. Perry, B. C. Stuart, P. S. Banks, M. D. Feit, V. Yanovsky, and A. M. Rubenchik, “Ultrashort-pulse laser machining of dielectric materials,” J. Appl. Phys. 85(9), 6803–6810 (1999).
[Crossref]

Florea, C.

Floreani, F.

George, A. K.

Glezer, E. N.

E. N. Glezer and E. Mazur, “Ultrafast-laser driven micro-explosions in transparent materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71(7), 882–884 (1997).
[Crossref]

Grivas, C.

Haryono, H.

J. H. Chong, P. Shum, H. Haryono, A. Yohana, M. K. Rao, and C. Lu, “Measurements of refractive index sensitivity using long-period grating refractometer,” Opt. Commun. 229(1-6), 65–69 (2004).
[Crossref]

Hedley, T. D.

Hirao, K.

Ho, H. L.

Itoh, K.

Jiang, Y.

Jin, L.

Jin, W.

Ju, J.

Judkins, J. B.

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, “Long-period fiber gratings as band rejection filters,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14(1), 58–65 (1996).
[Crossref]

Juodkazis, S.

Kai, G.

Kalachev, A. I.

Kazansky, P. G.

Khrushchev, I.

Knight, J. C.

Kondo, Y.

Kuhlmey, B. T.

Kuroda, D.

Lemaire, P. J.

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, “Long-period fiber gratings as band rejection filters,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14(1), 58–65 (1996).
[Crossref]

Li, Y.

Liu, Y.

Lu, C.

J. H. Chong, P. Shum, H. Haryono, A. Yohana, M. K. Rao, and C. Lu, “Measurements of refractive index sensitivity using long-period grating refractometer,” Opt. Commun. 229(1-6), 65–69 (2004).
[Crossref]

Luan, F.

Mägi, E. C.

Marcinkevicius, A.

Martinez, A.

Matsuo, S.

Mazur, E.

E. N. Glezer and E. Mazur, “Ultrafast-laser driven micro-explosions in transparent materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71(7), 882–884 (1997).
[Crossref]

Misawa, H.

Mitsuyu, T.

Miwa, M.

Moore, E. D.

Nikogosyan, D. N.

Nishii, J.

Nouchi, K.

Pearce, G. J.

Perrin, M.

Perry, M. D.

M. D. Perry, B. C. Stuart, P. S. Banks, M. D. Feit, V. Yanovsky, and A. M. Rubenchik, “Ultrashort-pulse laser machining of dielectric materials,” J. Appl. Phys. 85(9), 6803–6810 (1999).
[Crossref]

Petrovich, M. N.

Quiquempois, Y.

Rao, M. K.

J. H. Chong, P. Shum, H. Haryono, A. Yohana, M. K. Rao, and C. Lu, “Measurements of refractive index sensitivity using long-period grating refractometer,” Opt. Commun. 229(1-6), 65–69 (2004).
[Crossref]

Richardson, D. J.

Rindorf, L.

Rubenchik, A. M.

M. D. Perry, B. C. Stuart, P. S. Banks, M. D. Feit, V. Yanovsky, and A. M. Rubenchik, “Ultrashort-pulse laser machining of dielectric materials,” J. Appl. Phys. 85(9), 6803–6810 (1999).
[Crossref]

Russell, P. St. J.

Shu, X.

Shum, P.

J. H. Chong, P. Shum, H. Haryono, A. Yohana, M. K. Rao, and C. Lu, “Measurements of refractive index sensitivity using long-period grating refractometer,” Opt. Commun. 229(1-6), 65–69 (2004).
[Crossref]

Sipe, J. E.

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, “Long-period fiber gratings as band rejection filters,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14(1), 58–65 (1996).
[Crossref]

Steinvurzel, P.

Stuart, B. C.

M. D. Perry, B. C. Stuart, P. S. Banks, M. D. Feit, V. Yanovsky, and A. M. Rubenchik, “Ultrashort-pulse laser machining of dielectric materials,” J. Appl. Phys. 85(9), 6803–6810 (1999).
[Crossref]

van Brakel, A.

Vengsarkar, A. M.

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, “Long-period fiber gratings as band rejection filters,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14(1), 58–65 (1996).
[Crossref]

Wang, D. N.

Wang, Y.

Wang, Z.

Watanabe, M.

Watanabe, W.

Webb, D. J.

White, I. M.

Winick, K. A.

Xiao, L.

Xuan, H.

Yamada, K.

Yanovsky, V.

M. D. Perry, B. C. Stuart, P. S. Banks, M. D. Feit, V. Yanovsky, and A. M. Rubenchik, “Ultrashort-pulse laser machining of dielectric materials,” J. Appl. Phys. 85(9), 6803–6810 (1999).
[Crossref]

Yohana, A.

J. H. Chong, P. Shum, H. Haryono, A. Yohana, M. K. Rao, and C. Lu, “Measurements of refractive index sensitivity using long-period grating refractometer,” Opt. Commun. 229(1-6), 65–69 (2004).
[Crossref]

Zhang, L.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

E. N. Glezer and E. Mazur, “Ultrafast-laser driven micro-explosions in transparent materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71(7), 882–884 (1997).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

M. D. Perry, B. C. Stuart, P. S. Banks, M. D. Feit, V. Yanovsky, and A. M. Rubenchik, “Ultrashort-pulse laser machining of dielectric materials,” J. Appl. Phys. 85(9), 6803–6810 (1999).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (5)

Opt. Commun. (1)

J. H. Chong, P. Shum, H. Haryono, A. Yohana, M. K. Rao, and C. Lu, “Measurements of refractive index sensitivity using long-period grating refractometer,” Opt. Commun. 229(1-6), 65–69 (2004).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (7)

F. Luan, A. K. George, T. D. Hedley, G. J. Pearce, D. M. Bird, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, “All-solid photonic bandgap fiber,” Opt. Lett. 29(20), 2369–2371 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Bétourné, G. Bouwmans, Y. Quiquempois, M. Perrin, and M. Douay, “Improvements of solid-core photonic bandgap fibers by means of interstitial air holes,” Opt. Lett. 32(12), 1719–1721 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Li, D. N. Wang, and L. Jin, “Single-mode grating reflection in all-solid photonic bandgap fibers inscribed by use of femtosecond laser pulse irradiation through a phase mask,” Opt. Lett. 34(8), 1264–1266 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Marcinkevičius, S. Juodkazis, M. Watanabe, M. Miwa, S. Matsuo, H. Misawa, and J. Nishii, “Femtosecond laser-assisted three-dimensional microfabrication in silica,” Opt. Lett. 26(5), 277–279 (2001).
[Crossref]

Y. Li, K. Itoh, W. Watanabe, K. Yamada, D. Kuroda, J. Nishii, and Y. Jiang, “Three-dimensional hole drilling of silica glass from the rear surface with femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Lett. 26(23), 1912–1914 (2001).
[Crossref]

Y. Kondo, K. Nouchi, T. Mitsuyu, M. Watanabe, P. G. Kazansky, and K. Hirao, “Fabrication of long-period fiber gratings by focused irradiation of infrared femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Lett. 24(10), 646–648 (1999).
[Crossref]

L. Rindorf and O. Bang, “Highly sensitive refractometer with a photonic-crystal-fiber long-period grating,” Opt. Lett. 33(6), 563–565 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Cross section view of the PBGF used in the experiment (a) without microhole (b) with microhole (c) side view of microhole.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Transmission spectra of the LPFG (a) Evolution of the transmission spectrum of the LPFG with the number of the microhole (b) Transmission spectrum of LPFG samples with different periods. The cladding mode is considered to be an LP11 like mode.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Polarization dependent property of a sample with the period of 400μm.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Mode profile of the near field of the sample in Fig. 2(a) when the external RI is 1.32 (a) Fundamental mode (b) LP11 cladding mode (c, d) Simulation of the two fold symmetry LP01 core mode (e, f) Simulation of the two fold symmetry LP11 like cladding mode.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Phase matching curve for coupling between fundamental mode and LP11 like cladding mode (Solid line: simulation result; Broken line: experimental result).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Resonant wavelength shift of the sample shown in Fig. 2(a) when the external RI changes from 1.30 to 1.35 (Circles: experiment data with error bar; Broken line: linear interpolation).

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