Abstract

We propose and demonstrate a novel wavelength-division-multiplexing orthogonal-frequency-division-multiplexing passive-optical-network (WDM-OFDM-PON) architecture with centralized lightwave sources and polarization shift keying (PolSK) multicast overlay. The 10-Gb/s 16QAM-OFDM point to point (P2P) signal, 2.5-Gb/s multicast PolSK signal and 2.5-Gb/s on-off keying (OOK) upstream signal are experimentally demonstrated. After transmission over 25km standard single mode fiber (SMF), 1.5dB crosstalk between the downstream signals is eliminated by employing a low pass electrical filter at the PolSK receiver. The power penalty of the upstream OOK signal at BER of 10−9 is less than 0.1dB.

© 2010 OSA

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  1. J. Yu, et al., “A Novel WDM-PON Architecture with Centralized Lightwaves in the OLT for Providing Triple Play Services,” in Proc. OFC, paper OWS4 (2007).
  2. J. Yu, Z. Jia, P. N. Ji, and T. Wang, “40-Gb/s Wavelength-Division-Multiplexing Passive Optical Network with Centralized Lightwave Source,” in Proc. OFC, paper OTuH8(2008).
  3. J. H. Moon, et al., “Overlay of Broadcasting Signal in a WDM-PON,” in Proc. OFC, paper OTHK8 (2006).
  4. Y. Zhang, N. Deng, C.-K. Chan, and L.-K. Chen, “A multicast WDM-PON architecture using DPSK/NRZ orthogonal modulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(17), 1479–1481 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  5. Y. Qiu and C.-K. Chan, “A WDM Passive Optical Network with Polarization-Assisted Multicast Overlay Control,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(16), 1133–1135 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. Khanal, C. J. Chae, and R. S. Tucker, “Selective broadcasting of digital video signals over a WDM passive optical network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(9), 1992–1994 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  7. C. Bock and J. Prat, “WDM/TDM PON experiments using the AWG free spectral range periodicity to transmit unicast and multicast data,” Opt. Express 13(8), 2887–2891 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  8. G. Talli and P. D. Townsend, “Hybrid DWDM-TDM long-reach PON for next-generation optical access,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(7), 2827–2834 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  9. J. Yu, M.-F. Huang, D. Qian, L. Chen, and G.-K. Chang, “Centralized Lightwave WDM-PON Employing 16-QAM Intensity Mudulated OFDM Downstream and OOK Modulated Upstream Signals,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(18), 1545–1547 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  10. M. Huang et al., “Lightwave Centralized WDM-OFDM-PON Network Employing Cost-effective Directly Modulated Laser,” in Proc. OFC, paper OMV5(2009).
  11. X. Liu, F. Buchali, and R. W. Tkach, “Improving the Nonlinear Tolerance of Polarization-Division-Multiplexed CO-OFDM in Long-Haul Fiber Transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(16), 3632–3640 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  12. X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, A. H. Gnauck, and R. W. Tkach, “Experimental demonstration of joint SPM compensation in 44-Gb/s PDM-OFDM transmission with 16-QAM subcarrier modulation,” in Proc. ECOC, paper 2.3.4(2009).
  13. C.-T. Lin, Y.-M. Lin, J. J. Chen, S.-P. Dai, P. T. Shih, P.-C. Peng, and S. Chi, “Optical direct-detection OFDM signal generation for radio-over-fiber link using frequency doubling scheme with carrier suppression,” Opt. Express 16(9), 6056–6063 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  14. C. W. Chow, Y. Liu, C. H. Yeh, and S. Chi, “Signal Remodulation PON without Power Sacrifice using PolSK,” in Proc. ECOC, paper We.1.F.5 (2008).
  15. F. Yan, L. Bin, Z. Kai, T. Zhong-Wei, C. Yong, W. Y. Hua, R. Wen-Hua, and J. Shui-Sheng, “Temperature or strain induced adjustable-chirp characteristics of uniform fibre grating with tapered metal coating,” Chin. Phys. 16(6), 1694–1703 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  16. H. Chen, M. Chen, S. Xie, and B. Zhou, “High Spectral Efficiency Orthogonal Modulation in All Optical Label Switching Network,” in Proc. LEOS, paper CThHH6(2006).
  17. L. Xu, N. Chi, L. K. Oxenløwe, J. Mørk, S. Yu, and P. Jeppesen, “A New Orthogonal Labeling Scheme Based on a 40-Gb/s DPSK Payload and a 2.5-Gb/s PolSK Label,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(12), 2772–2774 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  18. G. Nicholson and D. Tempe, “Polarization fluctuation measurements on installed single-mode optical fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 7(8), 1197–1200 (1989).
    [CrossRef]

2009 (2)

Y. Qiu and C.-K. Chan, “A WDM Passive Optical Network with Polarization-Assisted Multicast Overlay Control,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(16), 1133–1135 (2009).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, F. Buchali, and R. W. Tkach, “Improving the Nonlinear Tolerance of Polarization-Division-Multiplexed CO-OFDM in Long-Haul Fiber Transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(16), 3632–3640 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (3)

C.-T. Lin, Y.-M. Lin, J. J. Chen, S.-P. Dai, P. T. Shih, P.-C. Peng, and S. Chi, “Optical direct-detection OFDM signal generation for radio-over-fiber link using frequency doubling scheme with carrier suppression,” Opt. Express 16(9), 6056–6063 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zhang, N. Deng, C.-K. Chan, and L.-K. Chen, “A multicast WDM-PON architecture using DPSK/NRZ orthogonal modulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(17), 1479–1481 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Yu, M.-F. Huang, D. Qian, L. Chen, and G.-K. Chang, “Centralized Lightwave WDM-PON Employing 16-QAM Intensity Mudulated OFDM Downstream and OOK Modulated Upstream Signals,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(18), 1545–1547 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

F. Yan, L. Bin, Z. Kai, T. Zhong-Wei, C. Yong, W. Y. Hua, R. Wen-Hua, and J. Shui-Sheng, “Temperature or strain induced adjustable-chirp characteristics of uniform fibre grating with tapered metal coating,” Chin. Phys. 16(6), 1694–1703 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

G. Talli and P. D. Townsend, “Hybrid DWDM-TDM long-reach PON for next-generation optical access,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(7), 2827–2834 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (3)

M. Khanal, C. J. Chae, and R. S. Tucker, “Selective broadcasting of digital video signals over a WDM passive optical network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(9), 1992–1994 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. Bock and J. Prat, “WDM/TDM PON experiments using the AWG free spectral range periodicity to transmit unicast and multicast data,” Opt. Express 13(8), 2887–2891 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. Xu, N. Chi, L. K. Oxenløwe, J. Mørk, S. Yu, and P. Jeppesen, “A New Orthogonal Labeling Scheme Based on a 40-Gb/s DPSK Payload and a 2.5-Gb/s PolSK Label,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(12), 2772–2774 (2005).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

G. Nicholson and D. Tempe, “Polarization fluctuation measurements on installed single-mode optical fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 7(8), 1197–1200 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Bin, L.

F. Yan, L. Bin, Z. Kai, T. Zhong-Wei, C. Yong, W. Y. Hua, R. Wen-Hua, and J. Shui-Sheng, “Temperature or strain induced adjustable-chirp characteristics of uniform fibre grating with tapered metal coating,” Chin. Phys. 16(6), 1694–1703 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bock, C.

C. Bock and J. Prat, “WDM/TDM PON experiments using the AWG free spectral range periodicity to transmit unicast and multicast data,” Opt. Express 13(8), 2887–2891 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Buchali, F.

X. Liu, F. Buchali, and R. W. Tkach, “Improving the Nonlinear Tolerance of Polarization-Division-Multiplexed CO-OFDM in Long-Haul Fiber Transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(16), 3632–3640 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chae, C. J.

M. Khanal, C. J. Chae, and R. S. Tucker, “Selective broadcasting of digital video signals over a WDM passive optical network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(9), 1992–1994 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chan, C.-K.

Y. Qiu and C.-K. Chan, “A WDM Passive Optical Network with Polarization-Assisted Multicast Overlay Control,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(16), 1133–1135 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zhang, N. Deng, C.-K. Chan, and L.-K. Chen, “A multicast WDM-PON architecture using DPSK/NRZ orthogonal modulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(17), 1479–1481 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chang, G.-K.

J. Yu, M.-F. Huang, D. Qian, L. Chen, and G.-K. Chang, “Centralized Lightwave WDM-PON Employing 16-QAM Intensity Mudulated OFDM Downstream and OOK Modulated Upstream Signals,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(18), 1545–1547 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chen, J. J.

C.-T. Lin, Y.-M. Lin, J. J. Chen, S.-P. Dai, P. T. Shih, P.-C. Peng, and S. Chi, “Optical direct-detection OFDM signal generation for radio-over-fiber link using frequency doubling scheme with carrier suppression,” Opt. Express 16(9), 6056–6063 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chen, L.

J. Yu, M.-F. Huang, D. Qian, L. Chen, and G.-K. Chang, “Centralized Lightwave WDM-PON Employing 16-QAM Intensity Mudulated OFDM Downstream and OOK Modulated Upstream Signals,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(18), 1545–1547 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chen, L.-K.

Y. Zhang, N. Deng, C.-K. Chan, and L.-K. Chen, “A multicast WDM-PON architecture using DPSK/NRZ orthogonal modulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(17), 1479–1481 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chi, N.

L. Xu, N. Chi, L. K. Oxenløwe, J. Mørk, S. Yu, and P. Jeppesen, “A New Orthogonal Labeling Scheme Based on a 40-Gb/s DPSK Payload and a 2.5-Gb/s PolSK Label,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(12), 2772–2774 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chi, S.

C.-T. Lin, Y.-M. Lin, J. J. Chen, S.-P. Dai, P. T. Shih, P.-C. Peng, and S. Chi, “Optical direct-detection OFDM signal generation for radio-over-fiber link using frequency doubling scheme with carrier suppression,” Opt. Express 16(9), 6056–6063 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dai, S.-P.

C.-T. Lin, Y.-M. Lin, J. J. Chen, S.-P. Dai, P. T. Shih, P.-C. Peng, and S. Chi, “Optical direct-detection OFDM signal generation for radio-over-fiber link using frequency doubling scheme with carrier suppression,” Opt. Express 16(9), 6056–6063 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Deng, N.

Y. Zhang, N. Deng, C.-K. Chan, and L.-K. Chen, “A multicast WDM-PON architecture using DPSK/NRZ orthogonal modulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(17), 1479–1481 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hua, W. Y.

F. Yan, L. Bin, Z. Kai, T. Zhong-Wei, C. Yong, W. Y. Hua, R. Wen-Hua, and J. Shui-Sheng, “Temperature or strain induced adjustable-chirp characteristics of uniform fibre grating with tapered metal coating,” Chin. Phys. 16(6), 1694–1703 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Huang, M.-F.

J. Yu, M.-F. Huang, D. Qian, L. Chen, and G.-K. Chang, “Centralized Lightwave WDM-PON Employing 16-QAM Intensity Mudulated OFDM Downstream and OOK Modulated Upstream Signals,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(18), 1545–1547 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jeppesen, P.

L. Xu, N. Chi, L. K. Oxenløwe, J. Mørk, S. Yu, and P. Jeppesen, “A New Orthogonal Labeling Scheme Based on a 40-Gb/s DPSK Payload and a 2.5-Gb/s PolSK Label,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(12), 2772–2774 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kai, Z.

F. Yan, L. Bin, Z. Kai, T. Zhong-Wei, C. Yong, W. Y. Hua, R. Wen-Hua, and J. Shui-Sheng, “Temperature or strain induced adjustable-chirp characteristics of uniform fibre grating with tapered metal coating,” Chin. Phys. 16(6), 1694–1703 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Khanal, M.

M. Khanal, C. J. Chae, and R. S. Tucker, “Selective broadcasting of digital video signals over a WDM passive optical network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(9), 1992–1994 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lin, C.-T.

C.-T. Lin, Y.-M. Lin, J. J. Chen, S.-P. Dai, P. T. Shih, P.-C. Peng, and S. Chi, “Optical direct-detection OFDM signal generation for radio-over-fiber link using frequency doubling scheme with carrier suppression,” Opt. Express 16(9), 6056–6063 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lin, Y.-M.

C.-T. Lin, Y.-M. Lin, J. J. Chen, S.-P. Dai, P. T. Shih, P.-C. Peng, and S. Chi, “Optical direct-detection OFDM signal generation for radio-over-fiber link using frequency doubling scheme with carrier suppression,” Opt. Express 16(9), 6056–6063 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X.

X. Liu, F. Buchali, and R. W. Tkach, “Improving the Nonlinear Tolerance of Polarization-Division-Multiplexed CO-OFDM in Long-Haul Fiber Transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(16), 3632–3640 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Mørk, J.

L. Xu, N. Chi, L. K. Oxenløwe, J. Mørk, S. Yu, and P. Jeppesen, “A New Orthogonal Labeling Scheme Based on a 40-Gb/s DPSK Payload and a 2.5-Gb/s PolSK Label,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(12), 2772–2774 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nicholson, G.

G. Nicholson and D. Tempe, “Polarization fluctuation measurements on installed single-mode optical fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 7(8), 1197–1200 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Oxenløwe, L. K.

L. Xu, N. Chi, L. K. Oxenløwe, J. Mørk, S. Yu, and P. Jeppesen, “A New Orthogonal Labeling Scheme Based on a 40-Gb/s DPSK Payload and a 2.5-Gb/s PolSK Label,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(12), 2772–2774 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Peng, P.-C.

C.-T. Lin, Y.-M. Lin, J. J. Chen, S.-P. Dai, P. T. Shih, P.-C. Peng, and S. Chi, “Optical direct-detection OFDM signal generation for radio-over-fiber link using frequency doubling scheme with carrier suppression,” Opt. Express 16(9), 6056–6063 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Prat, J.

C. Bock and J. Prat, “WDM/TDM PON experiments using the AWG free spectral range periodicity to transmit unicast and multicast data,” Opt. Express 13(8), 2887–2891 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Qian, D.

J. Yu, M.-F. Huang, D. Qian, L. Chen, and G.-K. Chang, “Centralized Lightwave WDM-PON Employing 16-QAM Intensity Mudulated OFDM Downstream and OOK Modulated Upstream Signals,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(18), 1545–1547 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, Y.

Y. Qiu and C.-K. Chan, “A WDM Passive Optical Network with Polarization-Assisted Multicast Overlay Control,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(16), 1133–1135 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Shih, P. T.

C.-T. Lin, Y.-M. Lin, J. J. Chen, S.-P. Dai, P. T. Shih, P.-C. Peng, and S. Chi, “Optical direct-detection OFDM signal generation for radio-over-fiber link using frequency doubling scheme with carrier suppression,” Opt. Express 16(9), 6056–6063 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Shui-Sheng, J.

F. Yan, L. Bin, Z. Kai, T. Zhong-Wei, C. Yong, W. Y. Hua, R. Wen-Hua, and J. Shui-Sheng, “Temperature or strain induced adjustable-chirp characteristics of uniform fibre grating with tapered metal coating,” Chin. Phys. 16(6), 1694–1703 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Talli, G.

G. Talli and P. D. Townsend, “Hybrid DWDM-TDM long-reach PON for next-generation optical access,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(7), 2827–2834 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tempe, D.

G. Nicholson and D. Tempe, “Polarization fluctuation measurements on installed single-mode optical fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 7(8), 1197–1200 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Tkach, R. W.

X. Liu, F. Buchali, and R. W. Tkach, “Improving the Nonlinear Tolerance of Polarization-Division-Multiplexed CO-OFDM in Long-Haul Fiber Transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(16), 3632–3640 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Townsend, P. D.

G. Talli and P. D. Townsend, “Hybrid DWDM-TDM long-reach PON for next-generation optical access,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(7), 2827–2834 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tucker, R. S.

M. Khanal, C. J. Chae, and R. S. Tucker, “Selective broadcasting of digital video signals over a WDM passive optical network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(9), 1992–1994 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wen-Hua, R.

F. Yan, L. Bin, Z. Kai, T. Zhong-Wei, C. Yong, W. Y. Hua, R. Wen-Hua, and J. Shui-Sheng, “Temperature or strain induced adjustable-chirp characteristics of uniform fibre grating with tapered metal coating,” Chin. Phys. 16(6), 1694–1703 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Xu, L.

L. Xu, N. Chi, L. K. Oxenløwe, J. Mørk, S. Yu, and P. Jeppesen, “A New Orthogonal Labeling Scheme Based on a 40-Gb/s DPSK Payload and a 2.5-Gb/s PolSK Label,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(12), 2772–2774 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yan, F.

F. Yan, L. Bin, Z. Kai, T. Zhong-Wei, C. Yong, W. Y. Hua, R. Wen-Hua, and J. Shui-Sheng, “Temperature or strain induced adjustable-chirp characteristics of uniform fibre grating with tapered metal coating,” Chin. Phys. 16(6), 1694–1703 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yong, C.

F. Yan, L. Bin, Z. Kai, T. Zhong-Wei, C. Yong, W. Y. Hua, R. Wen-Hua, and J. Shui-Sheng, “Temperature or strain induced adjustable-chirp characteristics of uniform fibre grating with tapered metal coating,” Chin. Phys. 16(6), 1694–1703 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yu, J.

J. Yu, M.-F. Huang, D. Qian, L. Chen, and G.-K. Chang, “Centralized Lightwave WDM-PON Employing 16-QAM Intensity Mudulated OFDM Downstream and OOK Modulated Upstream Signals,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(18), 1545–1547 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yu, S.

L. Xu, N. Chi, L. K. Oxenløwe, J. Mørk, S. Yu, and P. Jeppesen, “A New Orthogonal Labeling Scheme Based on a 40-Gb/s DPSK Payload and a 2.5-Gb/s PolSK Label,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(12), 2772–2774 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Y.

Y. Zhang, N. Deng, C.-K. Chan, and L.-K. Chen, “A multicast WDM-PON architecture using DPSK/NRZ orthogonal modulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(17), 1479–1481 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhong-Wei, T.

F. Yan, L. Bin, Z. Kai, T. Zhong-Wei, C. Yong, W. Y. Hua, R. Wen-Hua, and J. Shui-Sheng, “Temperature or strain induced adjustable-chirp characteristics of uniform fibre grating with tapered metal coating,” Chin. Phys. 16(6), 1694–1703 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chin. Phys. (1)

F. Yan, L. Bin, Z. Kai, T. Zhong-Wei, C. Yong, W. Y. Hua, R. Wen-Hua, and J. Shui-Sheng, “Temperature or strain induced adjustable-chirp characteristics of uniform fibre grating with tapered metal coating,” Chin. Phys. 16(6), 1694–1703 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (5)

L. Xu, N. Chi, L. K. Oxenløwe, J. Mørk, S. Yu, and P. Jeppesen, “A New Orthogonal Labeling Scheme Based on a 40-Gb/s DPSK Payload and a 2.5-Gb/s PolSK Label,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(12), 2772–2774 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zhang, N. Deng, C.-K. Chan, and L.-K. Chen, “A multicast WDM-PON architecture using DPSK/NRZ orthogonal modulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(17), 1479–1481 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Qiu and C.-K. Chan, “A WDM Passive Optical Network with Polarization-Assisted Multicast Overlay Control,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(16), 1133–1135 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Khanal, C. J. Chae, and R. S. Tucker, “Selective broadcasting of digital video signals over a WDM passive optical network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(9), 1992–1994 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Yu, M.-F. Huang, D. Qian, L. Chen, and G.-K. Chang, “Centralized Lightwave WDM-PON Employing 16-QAM Intensity Mudulated OFDM Downstream and OOK Modulated Upstream Signals,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(18), 1545–1547 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

G. Nicholson and D. Tempe, “Polarization fluctuation measurements on installed single-mode optical fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 7(8), 1197–1200 (1989).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, F. Buchali, and R. W. Tkach, “Improving the Nonlinear Tolerance of Polarization-Division-Multiplexed CO-OFDM in Long-Haul Fiber Transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(16), 3632–3640 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Talli and P. D. Townsend, “Hybrid DWDM-TDM long-reach PON for next-generation optical access,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(7), 2827–2834 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

C.-T. Lin, Y.-M. Lin, J. J. Chen, S.-P. Dai, P. T. Shih, P.-C. Peng, and S. Chi, “Optical direct-detection OFDM signal generation for radio-over-fiber link using frequency doubling scheme with carrier suppression,” Opt. Express 16(9), 6056–6063 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Bock and J. Prat, “WDM/TDM PON experiments using the AWG free spectral range periodicity to transmit unicast and multicast data,” Opt. Express 13(8), 2887–2891 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Other (7)

M. Huang et al., “Lightwave Centralized WDM-OFDM-PON Network Employing Cost-effective Directly Modulated Laser,” in Proc. OFC, paper OMV5(2009).

J. Yu, et al., “A Novel WDM-PON Architecture with Centralized Lightwaves in the OLT for Providing Triple Play Services,” in Proc. OFC, paper OWS4 (2007).

J. Yu, Z. Jia, P. N. Ji, and T. Wang, “40-Gb/s Wavelength-Division-Multiplexing Passive Optical Network with Centralized Lightwave Source,” in Proc. OFC, paper OTuH8(2008).

J. H. Moon, et al., “Overlay of Broadcasting Signal in a WDM-PON,” in Proc. OFC, paper OTHK8 (2006).

C. W. Chow, Y. Liu, C. H. Yeh, and S. Chi, “Signal Remodulation PON without Power Sacrifice using PolSK,” in Proc. ECOC, paper We.1.F.5 (2008).

X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, A. H. Gnauck, and R. W. Tkach, “Experimental demonstration of joint SPM compensation in 44-Gb/s PDM-OFDM transmission with 16-QAM subcarrier modulation,” in Proc. ECOC, paper 2.3.4(2009).

H. Chen, M. Chen, S. Xie, and B. Zhou, “High Spectral Efficiency Orthogonal Modulation in All Optical Label Switching Network,” in Proc. LEOS, paper CThHH6(2006).

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