Abstract

A substrate with ease for fabrication is proposed for surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS). A two-dimensional dielectric grating covered by a thin silver film enables the excitation of both localized surface plasmons (LSPs) and surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs). The finite-difference time-domain simulation results show that the coupling between LSPs and SPPs is able to highly improve the Raman enhancement (2 × 109 as obtained by simulation). In addition, the near-field distribution at the top of cubic bumps along the transverse plane presents a highly regular hotspots pattern, which is required for an ideal SERS substrate.

© 2010 OSA

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. L. J. Sherry, R. C. Jin, C. A. Mirkin, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Localized surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy of single silver triangular nanoprisms,” Nano Lett. 6(9), 2060–2065 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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2009 (3)

Y. Fleger, Y. Mastai, M. Rosenbluh, and D. H. Dressler, “Surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy of aromatic compounds on silver nanoclusters,” Surf. Sci. 603(5), 788–793 (2009).
[CrossRef]

N. C. Linn, C. H. Sun, A. Arya, P. Jiang, and B. Jiang, “Surface-enhanced Raman scattering on periodic metal nanotips with tunable sharpness,” Nanotechnology 20(22), 225303 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. M. Montgomery, A. Imre, U. Welp, V. Vlasko-Vlasov, and S. K. Gray, “SERS enhancements via periodic arrays of gold nanoparticles on silver film structures,” Opt. Express 17(10), 8669–8675 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-17-10-8669 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (2)

J. N. Chen, T. Martensson, K. A. Dick, K. Deppert, H. Q. Xu, L. Samuelson, and H. X. Xu, “Surface-enhanced Raman scattering of rhodamine 6G on nanowire arrays decorated with gold nanoparticles,” Nanotechnology 19(27), 275712 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. A. Tripp, R. A. Dluhy, and Y. P. Zhao, “Novel nanostructures for SERS biosensing,” Nano Today 3(3-4), 31–37 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

K. A. WilElets and R. P. Van Duyne, “Localized surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy and sensing,” Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 58(1), 267–297 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Hohenau, J. R. Krenn, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, S. G. Rodrigo, L. Martin-Moreno, J. Beermann, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Spectroscopy and nonlinear microscopy of gold nanoparticle arrays on gold films,” Phys. Rev. B 75(8), 085104 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

L. J. Sherry, R. C. Jin, C. A. Mirkin, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Localized surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy of single silver triangular nanoprisms,” Nano Lett. 6(9), 2060–2065 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Shanmukh, L. Jones, J. Driskell, Y. P. Zhao, R. Dluhy, and R. A. Tripp, “Rapid and sensitive detection of respiratory virus molecular signatures using a silver nanorod array SERS substrate,” Nano Lett. 6(11), 2630–2636 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (2)

C. E. Talley, J. B. Jackson, C. Oubre, N. K. Grady, C. W. Hollars, S. M. Lane, T. R. Huser, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Surface-enhanced Raman scattering from individual au nanoparticles and nanoparticle dimer substrates,” Nano Lett. 5(8), 1569–1574 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. J. Sherry, S. H. Chang, G. C. Schatz, R. P. Van Duyne, B. J. Wiley, and Y. N. Xia, “Localized surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy of single silver nanocubes,” Nano Lett. 5(10), 2034–2038 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

A. G. Brolo, E. Arctander, R. Gordon, B. Leathem, and K. L. Kavanagh, “Nanohole-enhanced Raman scattering,” Nano Lett. 4(10), 2015–2018 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (4)

N. Félidj, J. Aubard, G. Levi, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, G. Schider, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Optimized surface-enhanced Raman scattering on gold nanoparticle arrays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(18), 3095–3097 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L. L. Zhao, K. L. Kelly, and G. C. Schatz, “The extinction spectra of silver nanoparticle arrays: Influence of array structure on plasmon resonance wavelength and width,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107(30), 7343–7350 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. L. Haynes, A. D. McFarland, L. L. Zhao, R. P. Van Duyne, G. C. Schatz, L. Gunnarsson, J. Prikulis, B. Kasemo, and M. Kall, “Nanoparticle optics: The importance of radiative dipole coupling in two-dimensional nanoparticle arrays,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107(30), 7337–7342 (2003).
[CrossRef]

K. L. Kelly, E. Coronado, L. L. Zhao, and G. C. Schatz, “The optical properties of metal nanoparticles: The influence of size, shape, and dielectric environment,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107(3), 668–677 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

H. X. Xu, J. Aizpurua, M. Kall, and P. Apell, “Electromagnetic contributions to single-molecule sensitivity in surface-enhanced raman scattering,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 62(33 Pt B), 4318–4324 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Kahl and E. Voges, “Analysis of plasmon resonance and surface-enhanced Raman scattering on periodic silver structures,” Phys. Rev. B 61(20), 14078–14088 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

S. M. Nie and S. R. Emory, “Probing single molecules and single nanoparticles by surface-enhanced Raman scattering,” Science 275(5303), 1102–1106 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Aizpurua, J.

H. X. Xu, J. Aizpurua, M. Kall, and P. Apell, “Electromagnetic contributions to single-molecule sensitivity in surface-enhanced raman scattering,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 62(33 Pt B), 4318–4324 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Apell, P.

H. X. Xu, J. Aizpurua, M. Kall, and P. Apell, “Electromagnetic contributions to single-molecule sensitivity in surface-enhanced raman scattering,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 62(33 Pt B), 4318–4324 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Arctander, E.

A. G. Brolo, E. Arctander, R. Gordon, B. Leathem, and K. L. Kavanagh, “Nanohole-enhanced Raman scattering,” Nano Lett. 4(10), 2015–2018 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Arya, A.

N. C. Linn, C. H. Sun, A. Arya, P. Jiang, and B. Jiang, “Surface-enhanced Raman scattering on periodic metal nanotips with tunable sharpness,” Nanotechnology 20(22), 225303 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Aubard, J.

N. Félidj, J. Aubard, G. Levi, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, G. Schider, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Optimized surface-enhanced Raman scattering on gold nanoparticle arrays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(18), 3095–3097 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Aussenegg, F. R.

N. Félidj, J. Aubard, G. Levi, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, G. Schider, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Optimized surface-enhanced Raman scattering on gold nanoparticle arrays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(18), 3095–3097 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Beermann, J.

A. Hohenau, J. R. Krenn, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, S. G. Rodrigo, L. Martin-Moreno, J. Beermann, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Spectroscopy and nonlinear microscopy of gold nanoparticle arrays on gold films,” Phys. Rev. B 75(8), 085104 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bozhevolnyi, S. I.

A. Hohenau, J. R. Krenn, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, S. G. Rodrigo, L. Martin-Moreno, J. Beermann, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Spectroscopy and nonlinear microscopy of gold nanoparticle arrays on gold films,” Phys. Rev. B 75(8), 085104 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Brolo, A. G.

A. G. Brolo, E. Arctander, R. Gordon, B. Leathem, and K. L. Kavanagh, “Nanohole-enhanced Raman scattering,” Nano Lett. 4(10), 2015–2018 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chang, S. H.

L. J. Sherry, S. H. Chang, G. C. Schatz, R. P. Van Duyne, B. J. Wiley, and Y. N. Xia, “Localized surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy of single silver nanocubes,” Nano Lett. 5(10), 2034–2038 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, J. N.

J. N. Chen, T. Martensson, K. A. Dick, K. Deppert, H. Q. Xu, L. Samuelson, and H. X. Xu, “Surface-enhanced Raman scattering of rhodamine 6G on nanowire arrays decorated with gold nanoparticles,” Nanotechnology 19(27), 275712 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Coronado, E.

K. L. Kelly, E. Coronado, L. L. Zhao, and G. C. Schatz, “The optical properties of metal nanoparticles: The influence of size, shape, and dielectric environment,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107(3), 668–677 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Deppert, K.

J. N. Chen, T. Martensson, K. A. Dick, K. Deppert, H. Q. Xu, L. Samuelson, and H. X. Xu, “Surface-enhanced Raman scattering of rhodamine 6G on nanowire arrays decorated with gold nanoparticles,” Nanotechnology 19(27), 275712 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dick, K. A.

J. N. Chen, T. Martensson, K. A. Dick, K. Deppert, H. Q. Xu, L. Samuelson, and H. X. Xu, “Surface-enhanced Raman scattering of rhodamine 6G on nanowire arrays decorated with gold nanoparticles,” Nanotechnology 19(27), 275712 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dluhy, R.

S. Shanmukh, L. Jones, J. Driskell, Y. P. Zhao, R. Dluhy, and R. A. Tripp, “Rapid and sensitive detection of respiratory virus molecular signatures using a silver nanorod array SERS substrate,” Nano Lett. 6(11), 2630–2636 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dluhy, R. A.

R. A. Tripp, R. A. Dluhy, and Y. P. Zhao, “Novel nanostructures for SERS biosensing,” Nano Today 3(3-4), 31–37 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dressler, D. H.

Y. Fleger, Y. Mastai, M. Rosenbluh, and D. H. Dressler, “Surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy of aromatic compounds on silver nanoclusters,” Surf. Sci. 603(5), 788–793 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Driskell, J.

S. Shanmukh, L. Jones, J. Driskell, Y. P. Zhao, R. Dluhy, and R. A. Tripp, “Rapid and sensitive detection of respiratory virus molecular signatures using a silver nanorod array SERS substrate,” Nano Lett. 6(11), 2630–2636 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Emory, S. R.

S. M. Nie and S. R. Emory, “Probing single molecules and single nanoparticles by surface-enhanced Raman scattering,” Science 275(5303), 1102–1106 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Félidj, N.

N. Félidj, J. Aubard, G. Levi, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, G. Schider, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Optimized surface-enhanced Raman scattering on gold nanoparticle arrays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(18), 3095–3097 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Fleger, Y.

Y. Fleger, Y. Mastai, M. Rosenbluh, and D. H. Dressler, “Surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy of aromatic compounds on silver nanoclusters,” Surf. Sci. 603(5), 788–793 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Garcia-Vidal, F. J.

A. Hohenau, J. R. Krenn, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, S. G. Rodrigo, L. Martin-Moreno, J. Beermann, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Spectroscopy and nonlinear microscopy of gold nanoparticle arrays on gold films,” Phys. Rev. B 75(8), 085104 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gordon, R.

A. G. Brolo, E. Arctander, R. Gordon, B. Leathem, and K. L. Kavanagh, “Nanohole-enhanced Raman scattering,” Nano Lett. 4(10), 2015–2018 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Grady, N. K.

C. E. Talley, J. B. Jackson, C. Oubre, N. K. Grady, C. W. Hollars, S. M. Lane, T. R. Huser, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Surface-enhanced Raman scattering from individual au nanoparticles and nanoparticle dimer substrates,” Nano Lett. 5(8), 1569–1574 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gray, S. K.

J. M. Montgomery, A. Imre, U. Welp, V. Vlasko-Vlasov, and S. K. Gray, “SERS enhancements via periodic arrays of gold nanoparticles on silver film structures,” Opt. Express 17(10), 8669–8675 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-17-10-8669 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gunnarsson, L.

C. L. Haynes, A. D. McFarland, L. L. Zhao, R. P. Van Duyne, G. C. Schatz, L. Gunnarsson, J. Prikulis, B. Kasemo, and M. Kall, “Nanoparticle optics: The importance of radiative dipole coupling in two-dimensional nanoparticle arrays,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107(30), 7337–7342 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Halas, N. J.

C. E. Talley, J. B. Jackson, C. Oubre, N. K. Grady, C. W. Hollars, S. M. Lane, T. R. Huser, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Surface-enhanced Raman scattering from individual au nanoparticles and nanoparticle dimer substrates,” Nano Lett. 5(8), 1569–1574 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Haynes, C. L.

C. L. Haynes, A. D. McFarland, L. L. Zhao, R. P. Van Duyne, G. C. Schatz, L. Gunnarsson, J. Prikulis, B. Kasemo, and M. Kall, “Nanoparticle optics: The importance of radiative dipole coupling in two-dimensional nanoparticle arrays,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107(30), 7337–7342 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hohenau, A.

A. Hohenau, J. R. Krenn, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, S. G. Rodrigo, L. Martin-Moreno, J. Beermann, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Spectroscopy and nonlinear microscopy of gold nanoparticle arrays on gold films,” Phys. Rev. B 75(8), 085104 (2007).
[CrossRef]

N. Félidj, J. Aubard, G. Levi, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, G. Schider, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Optimized surface-enhanced Raman scattering on gold nanoparticle arrays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(18), 3095–3097 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hollars, C. W.

C. E. Talley, J. B. Jackson, C. Oubre, N. K. Grady, C. W. Hollars, S. M. Lane, T. R. Huser, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Surface-enhanced Raman scattering from individual au nanoparticles and nanoparticle dimer substrates,” Nano Lett. 5(8), 1569–1574 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huser, T. R.

C. E. Talley, J. B. Jackson, C. Oubre, N. K. Grady, C. W. Hollars, S. M. Lane, T. R. Huser, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Surface-enhanced Raman scattering from individual au nanoparticles and nanoparticle dimer substrates,” Nano Lett. 5(8), 1569–1574 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Imre, A.

J. M. Montgomery, A. Imre, U. Welp, V. Vlasko-Vlasov, and S. K. Gray, “SERS enhancements via periodic arrays of gold nanoparticles on silver film structures,” Opt. Express 17(10), 8669–8675 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-17-10-8669 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jackson, J. B.

C. E. Talley, J. B. Jackson, C. Oubre, N. K. Grady, C. W. Hollars, S. M. Lane, T. R. Huser, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Surface-enhanced Raman scattering from individual au nanoparticles and nanoparticle dimer substrates,” Nano Lett. 5(8), 1569–1574 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jiang, B.

N. C. Linn, C. H. Sun, A. Arya, P. Jiang, and B. Jiang, “Surface-enhanced Raman scattering on periodic metal nanotips with tunable sharpness,” Nanotechnology 20(22), 225303 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jiang, P.

N. C. Linn, C. H. Sun, A. Arya, P. Jiang, and B. Jiang, “Surface-enhanced Raman scattering on periodic metal nanotips with tunable sharpness,” Nanotechnology 20(22), 225303 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jin, R. C.

L. J. Sherry, R. C. Jin, C. A. Mirkin, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Localized surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy of single silver triangular nanoprisms,” Nano Lett. 6(9), 2060–2065 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jones, L.

S. Shanmukh, L. Jones, J. Driskell, Y. P. Zhao, R. Dluhy, and R. A. Tripp, “Rapid and sensitive detection of respiratory virus molecular signatures using a silver nanorod array SERS substrate,” Nano Lett. 6(11), 2630–2636 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kahl, M.

M. Kahl and E. Voges, “Analysis of plasmon resonance and surface-enhanced Raman scattering on periodic silver structures,” Phys. Rev. B 61(20), 14078–14088 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kall, M.

C. L. Haynes, A. D. McFarland, L. L. Zhao, R. P. Van Duyne, G. C. Schatz, L. Gunnarsson, J. Prikulis, B. Kasemo, and M. Kall, “Nanoparticle optics: The importance of radiative dipole coupling in two-dimensional nanoparticle arrays,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107(30), 7337–7342 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. X. Xu, J. Aizpurua, M. Kall, and P. Apell, “Electromagnetic contributions to single-molecule sensitivity in surface-enhanced raman scattering,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 62(33 Pt B), 4318–4324 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kasemo, B.

C. L. Haynes, A. D. McFarland, L. L. Zhao, R. P. Van Duyne, G. C. Schatz, L. Gunnarsson, J. Prikulis, B. Kasemo, and M. Kall, “Nanoparticle optics: The importance of radiative dipole coupling in two-dimensional nanoparticle arrays,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107(30), 7337–7342 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kavanagh, K. L.

A. G. Brolo, E. Arctander, R. Gordon, B. Leathem, and K. L. Kavanagh, “Nanohole-enhanced Raman scattering,” Nano Lett. 4(10), 2015–2018 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kelly, K. L.

K. L. Kelly, E. Coronado, L. L. Zhao, and G. C. Schatz, “The optical properties of metal nanoparticles: The influence of size, shape, and dielectric environment,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107(3), 668–677 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L. L. Zhao, K. L. Kelly, and G. C. Schatz, “The extinction spectra of silver nanoparticle arrays: Influence of array structure on plasmon resonance wavelength and width,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107(30), 7343–7350 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Krenn, J. R.

A. Hohenau, J. R. Krenn, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, S. G. Rodrigo, L. Martin-Moreno, J. Beermann, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Spectroscopy and nonlinear microscopy of gold nanoparticle arrays on gold films,” Phys. Rev. B 75(8), 085104 (2007).
[CrossRef]

N. Félidj, J. Aubard, G. Levi, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, G. Schider, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Optimized surface-enhanced Raman scattering on gold nanoparticle arrays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(18), 3095–3097 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lane, S. M.

C. E. Talley, J. B. Jackson, C. Oubre, N. K. Grady, C. W. Hollars, S. M. Lane, T. R. Huser, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Surface-enhanced Raman scattering from individual au nanoparticles and nanoparticle dimer substrates,” Nano Lett. 5(8), 1569–1574 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Leathem, B.

A. G. Brolo, E. Arctander, R. Gordon, B. Leathem, and K. L. Kavanagh, “Nanohole-enhanced Raman scattering,” Nano Lett. 4(10), 2015–2018 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Leitner, A.

N. Félidj, J. Aubard, G. Levi, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, G. Schider, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Optimized surface-enhanced Raman scattering on gold nanoparticle arrays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(18), 3095–3097 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Levi, G.

N. Félidj, J. Aubard, G. Levi, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, G. Schider, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Optimized surface-enhanced Raman scattering on gold nanoparticle arrays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(18), 3095–3097 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Linn, N. C.

N. C. Linn, C. H. Sun, A. Arya, P. Jiang, and B. Jiang, “Surface-enhanced Raman scattering on periodic metal nanotips with tunable sharpness,” Nanotechnology 20(22), 225303 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Martensson, T.

J. N. Chen, T. Martensson, K. A. Dick, K. Deppert, H. Q. Xu, L. Samuelson, and H. X. Xu, “Surface-enhanced Raman scattering of rhodamine 6G on nanowire arrays decorated with gold nanoparticles,” Nanotechnology 19(27), 275712 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Martin-Moreno, L.

A. Hohenau, J. R. Krenn, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, S. G. Rodrigo, L. Martin-Moreno, J. Beermann, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Spectroscopy and nonlinear microscopy of gold nanoparticle arrays on gold films,” Phys. Rev. B 75(8), 085104 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mastai, Y.

Y. Fleger, Y. Mastai, M. Rosenbluh, and D. H. Dressler, “Surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy of aromatic compounds on silver nanoclusters,” Surf. Sci. 603(5), 788–793 (2009).
[CrossRef]

McFarland, A. D.

C. L. Haynes, A. D. McFarland, L. L. Zhao, R. P. Van Duyne, G. C. Schatz, L. Gunnarsson, J. Prikulis, B. Kasemo, and M. Kall, “Nanoparticle optics: The importance of radiative dipole coupling in two-dimensional nanoparticle arrays,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107(30), 7337–7342 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Mirkin, C. A.

L. J. Sherry, R. C. Jin, C. A. Mirkin, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Localized surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy of single silver triangular nanoprisms,” Nano Lett. 6(9), 2060–2065 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Montgomery, J. M.

J. M. Montgomery, A. Imre, U. Welp, V. Vlasko-Vlasov, and S. K. Gray, “SERS enhancements via periodic arrays of gold nanoparticles on silver film structures,” Opt. Express 17(10), 8669–8675 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-17-10-8669 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nie, S. M.

S. M. Nie and S. R. Emory, “Probing single molecules and single nanoparticles by surface-enhanced Raman scattering,” Science 275(5303), 1102–1106 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nordlander, P.

C. E. Talley, J. B. Jackson, C. Oubre, N. K. Grady, C. W. Hollars, S. M. Lane, T. R. Huser, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Surface-enhanced Raman scattering from individual au nanoparticles and nanoparticle dimer substrates,” Nano Lett. 5(8), 1569–1574 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Oubre, C.

C. E. Talley, J. B. Jackson, C. Oubre, N. K. Grady, C. W. Hollars, S. M. Lane, T. R. Huser, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Surface-enhanced Raman scattering from individual au nanoparticles and nanoparticle dimer substrates,” Nano Lett. 5(8), 1569–1574 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Prikulis, J.

C. L. Haynes, A. D. McFarland, L. L. Zhao, R. P. Van Duyne, G. C. Schatz, L. Gunnarsson, J. Prikulis, B. Kasemo, and M. Kall, “Nanoparticle optics: The importance of radiative dipole coupling in two-dimensional nanoparticle arrays,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107(30), 7337–7342 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Rodrigo, S. G.

A. Hohenau, J. R. Krenn, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, S. G. Rodrigo, L. Martin-Moreno, J. Beermann, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Spectroscopy and nonlinear microscopy of gold nanoparticle arrays on gold films,” Phys. Rev. B 75(8), 085104 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Rosenbluh, M.

Y. Fleger, Y. Mastai, M. Rosenbluh, and D. H. Dressler, “Surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy of aromatic compounds on silver nanoclusters,” Surf. Sci. 603(5), 788–793 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Samuelson, L.

J. N. Chen, T. Martensson, K. A. Dick, K. Deppert, H. Q. Xu, L. Samuelson, and H. X. Xu, “Surface-enhanced Raman scattering of rhodamine 6G on nanowire arrays decorated with gold nanoparticles,” Nanotechnology 19(27), 275712 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schatz, G. C.

L. J. Sherry, R. C. Jin, C. A. Mirkin, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Localized surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy of single silver triangular nanoprisms,” Nano Lett. 6(9), 2060–2065 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. J. Sherry, S. H. Chang, G. C. Schatz, R. P. Van Duyne, B. J. Wiley, and Y. N. Xia, “Localized surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy of single silver nanocubes,” Nano Lett. 5(10), 2034–2038 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. L. Kelly, E. Coronado, L. L. Zhao, and G. C. Schatz, “The optical properties of metal nanoparticles: The influence of size, shape, and dielectric environment,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107(3), 668–677 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L. L. Zhao, K. L. Kelly, and G. C. Schatz, “The extinction spectra of silver nanoparticle arrays: Influence of array structure on plasmon resonance wavelength and width,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107(30), 7343–7350 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. L. Haynes, A. D. McFarland, L. L. Zhao, R. P. Van Duyne, G. C. Schatz, L. Gunnarsson, J. Prikulis, B. Kasemo, and M. Kall, “Nanoparticle optics: The importance of radiative dipole coupling in two-dimensional nanoparticle arrays,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107(30), 7337–7342 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Schider, G.

N. Félidj, J. Aubard, G. Levi, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, G. Schider, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Optimized surface-enhanced Raman scattering on gold nanoparticle arrays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(18), 3095–3097 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Shanmukh, S.

S. Shanmukh, L. Jones, J. Driskell, Y. P. Zhao, R. Dluhy, and R. A. Tripp, “Rapid and sensitive detection of respiratory virus molecular signatures using a silver nanorod array SERS substrate,” Nano Lett. 6(11), 2630–2636 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sherry, L. J.

L. J. Sherry, R. C. Jin, C. A. Mirkin, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Localized surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy of single silver triangular nanoprisms,” Nano Lett. 6(9), 2060–2065 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. J. Sherry, S. H. Chang, G. C. Schatz, R. P. Van Duyne, B. J. Wiley, and Y. N. Xia, “Localized surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy of single silver nanocubes,” Nano Lett. 5(10), 2034–2038 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sun, C. H.

N. C. Linn, C. H. Sun, A. Arya, P. Jiang, and B. Jiang, “Surface-enhanced Raman scattering on periodic metal nanotips with tunable sharpness,” Nanotechnology 20(22), 225303 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Talley, C. E.

C. E. Talley, J. B. Jackson, C. Oubre, N. K. Grady, C. W. Hollars, S. M. Lane, T. R. Huser, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Surface-enhanced Raman scattering from individual au nanoparticles and nanoparticle dimer substrates,” Nano Lett. 5(8), 1569–1574 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tripp, R. A.

R. A. Tripp, R. A. Dluhy, and Y. P. Zhao, “Novel nanostructures for SERS biosensing,” Nano Today 3(3-4), 31–37 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Shanmukh, L. Jones, J. Driskell, Y. P. Zhao, R. Dluhy, and R. A. Tripp, “Rapid and sensitive detection of respiratory virus molecular signatures using a silver nanorod array SERS substrate,” Nano Lett. 6(11), 2630–2636 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Van Duyne, R. P.

K. A. WilElets and R. P. Van Duyne, “Localized surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy and sensing,” Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 58(1), 267–297 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. J. Sherry, R. C. Jin, C. A. Mirkin, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Localized surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy of single silver triangular nanoprisms,” Nano Lett. 6(9), 2060–2065 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. J. Sherry, S. H. Chang, G. C. Schatz, R. P. Van Duyne, B. J. Wiley, and Y. N. Xia, “Localized surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy of single silver nanocubes,” Nano Lett. 5(10), 2034–2038 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. L. Haynes, A. D. McFarland, L. L. Zhao, R. P. Van Duyne, G. C. Schatz, L. Gunnarsson, J. Prikulis, B. Kasemo, and M. Kall, “Nanoparticle optics: The importance of radiative dipole coupling in two-dimensional nanoparticle arrays,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107(30), 7337–7342 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Vlasko-Vlasov, V.

J. M. Montgomery, A. Imre, U. Welp, V. Vlasko-Vlasov, and S. K. Gray, “SERS enhancements via periodic arrays of gold nanoparticles on silver film structures,” Opt. Express 17(10), 8669–8675 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-17-10-8669 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Voges, E.

M. Kahl and E. Voges, “Analysis of plasmon resonance and surface-enhanced Raman scattering on periodic silver structures,” Phys. Rev. B 61(20), 14078–14088 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Welp, U.

J. M. Montgomery, A. Imre, U. Welp, V. Vlasko-Vlasov, and S. K. Gray, “SERS enhancements via periodic arrays of gold nanoparticles on silver film structures,” Opt. Express 17(10), 8669–8675 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-17-10-8669 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

WilElets, K. A.

K. A. WilElets and R. P. Van Duyne, “Localized surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy and sensing,” Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 58(1), 267–297 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wiley, B. J.

L. J. Sherry, S. H. Chang, G. C. Schatz, R. P. Van Duyne, B. J. Wiley, and Y. N. Xia, “Localized surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy of single silver nanocubes,” Nano Lett. 5(10), 2034–2038 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xia, Y. N.

L. J. Sherry, S. H. Chang, G. C. Schatz, R. P. Van Duyne, B. J. Wiley, and Y. N. Xia, “Localized surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy of single silver nanocubes,” Nano Lett. 5(10), 2034–2038 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xu, H. Q.

J. N. Chen, T. Martensson, K. A. Dick, K. Deppert, H. Q. Xu, L. Samuelson, and H. X. Xu, “Surface-enhanced Raman scattering of rhodamine 6G on nanowire arrays decorated with gold nanoparticles,” Nanotechnology 19(27), 275712 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xu, H. X.

J. N. Chen, T. Martensson, K. A. Dick, K. Deppert, H. Q. Xu, L. Samuelson, and H. X. Xu, “Surface-enhanced Raman scattering of rhodamine 6G on nanowire arrays decorated with gold nanoparticles,” Nanotechnology 19(27), 275712 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. X. Xu, J. Aizpurua, M. Kall, and P. Apell, “Electromagnetic contributions to single-molecule sensitivity in surface-enhanced raman scattering,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 62(33 Pt B), 4318–4324 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhao, L. L.

K. L. Kelly, E. Coronado, L. L. Zhao, and G. C. Schatz, “The optical properties of metal nanoparticles: The influence of size, shape, and dielectric environment,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107(3), 668–677 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L. L. Zhao, K. L. Kelly, and G. C. Schatz, “The extinction spectra of silver nanoparticle arrays: Influence of array structure on plasmon resonance wavelength and width,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107(30), 7343–7350 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. L. Haynes, A. D. McFarland, L. L. Zhao, R. P. Van Duyne, G. C. Schatz, L. Gunnarsson, J. Prikulis, B. Kasemo, and M. Kall, “Nanoparticle optics: The importance of radiative dipole coupling in two-dimensional nanoparticle arrays,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107(30), 7337–7342 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, Y. P.

R. A. Tripp, R. A. Dluhy, and Y. P. Zhao, “Novel nanostructures for SERS biosensing,” Nano Today 3(3-4), 31–37 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Shanmukh, L. Jones, J. Driskell, Y. P. Zhao, R. Dluhy, and R. A. Tripp, “Rapid and sensitive detection of respiratory virus molecular signatures using a silver nanorod array SERS substrate,” Nano Lett. 6(11), 2630–2636 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. (1)

K. A. WilElets and R. P. Van Duyne, “Localized surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy and sensing,” Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 58(1), 267–297 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

N. Félidj, J. Aubard, G. Levi, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, G. Schider, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Optimized surface-enhanced Raman scattering on gold nanoparticle arrays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(18), 3095–3097 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. B (3)

L. L. Zhao, K. L. Kelly, and G. C. Schatz, “The extinction spectra of silver nanoparticle arrays: Influence of array structure on plasmon resonance wavelength and width,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107(30), 7343–7350 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. L. Haynes, A. D. McFarland, L. L. Zhao, R. P. Van Duyne, G. C. Schatz, L. Gunnarsson, J. Prikulis, B. Kasemo, and M. Kall, “Nanoparticle optics: The importance of radiative dipole coupling in two-dimensional nanoparticle arrays,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107(30), 7337–7342 (2003).
[CrossRef]

K. L. Kelly, E. Coronado, L. L. Zhao, and G. C. Schatz, “The optical properties of metal nanoparticles: The influence of size, shape, and dielectric environment,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107(3), 668–677 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett. (5)

C. E. Talley, J. B. Jackson, C. Oubre, N. K. Grady, C. W. Hollars, S. M. Lane, T. R. Huser, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Surface-enhanced Raman scattering from individual au nanoparticles and nanoparticle dimer substrates,” Nano Lett. 5(8), 1569–1574 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Shanmukh, L. Jones, J. Driskell, Y. P. Zhao, R. Dluhy, and R. A. Tripp, “Rapid and sensitive detection of respiratory virus molecular signatures using a silver nanorod array SERS substrate,” Nano Lett. 6(11), 2630–2636 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. J. Sherry, S. H. Chang, G. C. Schatz, R. P. Van Duyne, B. J. Wiley, and Y. N. Xia, “Localized surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy of single silver nanocubes,” Nano Lett. 5(10), 2034–2038 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. J. Sherry, R. C. Jin, C. A. Mirkin, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Localized surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy of single silver triangular nanoprisms,” Nano Lett. 6(9), 2060–2065 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. G. Brolo, E. Arctander, R. Gordon, B. Leathem, and K. L. Kavanagh, “Nanohole-enhanced Raman scattering,” Nano Lett. 4(10), 2015–2018 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nano Today (1)

R. A. Tripp, R. A. Dluhy, and Y. P. Zhao, “Novel nanostructures for SERS biosensing,” Nano Today 3(3-4), 31–37 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nanotechnology (2)

J. N. Chen, T. Martensson, K. A. Dick, K. Deppert, H. Q. Xu, L. Samuelson, and H. X. Xu, “Surface-enhanced Raman scattering of rhodamine 6G on nanowire arrays decorated with gold nanoparticles,” Nanotechnology 19(27), 275712 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. C. Linn, C. H. Sun, A. Arya, P. Jiang, and B. Jiang, “Surface-enhanced Raman scattering on periodic metal nanotips with tunable sharpness,” Nanotechnology 20(22), 225303 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (1)

J. M. Montgomery, A. Imre, U. Welp, V. Vlasko-Vlasov, and S. K. Gray, “SERS enhancements via periodic arrays of gold nanoparticles on silver film structures,” Opt. Express 17(10), 8669–8675 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-17-10-8669 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. B (2)

M. Kahl and E. Voges, “Analysis of plasmon resonance and surface-enhanced Raman scattering on periodic silver structures,” Phys. Rev. B 61(20), 14078–14088 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Hohenau, J. R. Krenn, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, S. G. Rodrigo, L. Martin-Moreno, J. Beermann, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Spectroscopy and nonlinear microscopy of gold nanoparticle arrays on gold films,” Phys. Rev. B 75(8), 085104 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics (1)

H. X. Xu, J. Aizpurua, M. Kall, and P. Apell, “Electromagnetic contributions to single-molecule sensitivity in surface-enhanced raman scattering,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 62(33 Pt B), 4318–4324 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science (1)

S. M. Nie and S. R. Emory, “Probing single molecules and single nanoparticles by surface-enhanced Raman scattering,” Science 275(5303), 1102–1106 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Surf. Sci. (1)

Y. Fleger, Y. Mastai, M. Rosenbluh, and D. H. Dressler, “Surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy of aromatic compounds on silver nanoclusters,” Surf. Sci. 603(5), 788–793 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

D. Lynch, and W. R. Hunter, “Handbook of Optical Constants,” E. D. Palik, ed (Academic Press, New York, 1985).

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

The proposed SERS structure and its cross sectional view along the dashed line.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Absorption spectra based on: semi-infinite water-silver flat interface configuration (dashed line), 40-nm-thick silver film sandwiched between water and Si configuration (dotted line), and dielectric grating covered by 40-nm-thick silver film configuration (solid line).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

|E| distributions at the top of cubic bumps along XY plane at various resonance conditions, i.e., the incident wavelength of (a) 450 nm corresponding to the high order LSPs, (b) 637 nm corresponding to the SPPs, and (c) 670 nm corresponding to the first-order LSPs. The colorbar scale is set as ln(|E|).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Absorption spectra for various periods from 426 nm to 546 nm with a 24 nm increment; (b) absorption peak positions versus different periods for LSPs (circles) and SPPs (squares), with corresponding maximum local |E| at resonance wavelength of SPPs (triangles). The silver film thickness is 40 nm, the bump height is 100 nm and the environment is water.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Absorption peak positions at various silver film thicknesses for LSPs (circles) and SPPs (squares), with corresponding maximum local |E| at resonance wavelengths of SPPs (triangles). The structural period is fixed at 475 nm, the bump height is 100 nm and the environment is water.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

|E| distributions under LSPs and SPPs coupling conditions in Fig. 4(b) (left), and in Fig. 5 (right). The colorbar scale in both figures is set as ln(|E|). 1 nm cell size is used in this calculation.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Absorption peak positions at various environment refractive indices for LSPs (circles), SPPs (squares), and corresponding maximum local |E| at resonance wavelengths of SPPs (triangles). The structural period is fixed at 475 nm, the film thickness is 40 nm and the bump height is 100 nm.

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

2 π / Λ = k 0 ( ε m ε e ) / ( ε m + ε e ) ,
λ L S P = λ b ( 2 n e 2 + 1 ) 1 / 2 3 λ b [ 1 + 2 3 ( n e 1 ) ] ,

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