Abstract

Lasing of HCN and C2H2 in the 3-micron region was demonstrated with a ns pump emitting in the telecommunication C band (1.5 micron region). The observed laser lines correspond to transitions from the terminal pump vibration-rotation state to a combination vibrational state.

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  1. Y. Shimoji and N. Djeu, “Overtone pumped superfluorescent HCl laser frequency converter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 49(1), 1–3 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  2. Tasoltan T. Basiev, Maxim E Doroshenko, S. B. Kravtsov, V. V. Skornyakov, Petr G. Zverev, S. V. Vasil'ev, S. S. Alimpiev, S. M. Nikiforov, and G. D. Hager, “Emission of a molecular gas HCl laser at 4 μm upon optical pumping by a tunable colour centre laser into the third vibrational overtone,” Quantum Electron. 33, 210–214 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  3. C. S. Kletecka, N. Campbell, C. R. Jones, J. W. Nicholson, and W. Rudolph, “Cascade lasing of molecular HBr in the four micron region pumped by a Nd:YAG laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40(10), 1471–1477 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. Ratanavis, N. Campbell, A. V. V. Nampoothiri, and W. Rudolph, “Performance and Spectral Tuning of Optically Overtone Pumped Molecular Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45(5), 488–498 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  5. T. Y. Chang and J. D. McGee, “Laser action at 12.812 μm in optically pumped NH3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 28(9), 526–528 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. J. Tiee and C. Wittig, “CF4 and NOCL molecular lasers operating in the 16-μm region,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 30(8), 420–422 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  7. H. R. Schlossberg and H. R. Fetterman, “Optically pumped vibrational transition laser in OCS,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 26(6), 316–318 (1975).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. Gourevitch, G. Venus, V. Smirnov, D. A. Hostutler, and L. Glebov, “Continuous wave, 30 W laser-diode bar with 10 GHz linewidth for Rb laser pumping,” Opt. Lett. 33(7), 702–704 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. J. F. Sell, W. Miller, D. Wright, B. V. Zhdanov, and R. J. Knize, “Frequency narrowing of a 25 W broad area diode laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(5), 051115 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  10. N. Jovanovic, M. Aslund, A. Fuerbach, S. D. Jackson, G. D. Marshall, and M. J. Withford, “Narrow linewidth, 100 W cw Yb3+-doped silica fiber laser with a point-by-point Bragg grating inscribed directly into the active core,” Opt. Lett. 32(19), 2804–2806 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. L. S. Meng, B. Nizamov, P. Madasamy, J. K. Brasseur, T. Henshaw, and D. K. Neumann, “High power 7-GHz bandwidth external-cavity diode laser array and its use in optically pumping singlet delta oxygen,” Opt. Express 14(22), 10469–10474 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. T. Ehrenreich, B. Zhdanov, T. Takekoshi, S. P. Phipps, and R. J. Knize, “Diode pumped caesium laser,” Electron. Lett. 41(7), 415–416 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  13. B. V. Zhdanov, M. K. Shaffer, and R. J. Knize, “Cs laser with unstable cavity transversely pumped by multiple diode lasers,” Opt. Express 17(17), 14767–14770 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. J. A. Stregack, B. L. Wexler, and G. A. Hart, “cw-CO-CS2, CO- C2H2, and CO-N2O energy-transfer lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 28(3), 137–139 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  15. H. Kildal and T. F. Deutsch, “Optically pumped infrared V-V transfer lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 27(9), 500–502 (1975).
    [CrossRef]
  16. H. C. Tapalian, C. A. Michales, and G. W. Flynn, “Midinfrared molecular gas lasers optically pumped by a continuously tunable infrared optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70(17), 2215–2217 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  17. J. H. S. Wang, J. Finzi, P. K. Baily, K. K. Hui, and G. W. Holleman, “CW optical resonance transfer lasers (ORTL),” J. Phys. 41, 463–469 (1980).
  18. A. Ratanavis, N. Campbell, and W. Rudolph, “Feasibility study of optically pumped molecular lasers with small quantum defect,” Opt. Commun. (2009), doi:.
  19. M. Herman, A. Campargue, M. I. El Idrissi, and J. Vander Auwera, “Vibrational Spectroscopic Database on Acetylene, X1Σg+ (12C2H2, 12C2D2, and 13C2H2),” J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 32, 921–1361 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  20. W. C. Swann and S. L. Gilbert, “Line centers pressure shift, and pressure broadening of 1530-1560 nm hydrogen cyanide wavelength calibration lines,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22(8), 1749–1756 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  21. I. W. M. Smith and Jonathan F. Warr, “Energy transfer in highly vibrationally excited acetylene: Relaxation for vibrational energies from 6500 to 13000 cm−1,” J. Chem. Phys. 97(1), 389–396 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  22. G. Herzberg, Infrared and Raman Spectra (D. Van Nostrand Company, New York, 1945).
  23. HITRAN database, http://cfa-www.harvard.edu/HITRAN/
  24. J. P. Goldsborough, “Beat Frequencies between Modes of a Concave-Mirror Optical Resonator,” Appl. Opt. 3(2), 267–275 (1964).
    [CrossRef]
  25. S. L. Gilbert and W. C. Swann, “Pressure-induced shift, and broadening of 1510-1540 nm acetylene wavelength calibration lines,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17(7), 1263–1270 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  26. J. J. Olivero and R. L. Longbothum, “Empirical fits to the Voigt line width: A brief review,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 17(2), 233–236 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  27. J. Wu, R. Huang, M. Gong, A. Saury, and E. Carrasquillo, “Rotational energy transfer in highly vibrationally excited HCN,” J. Chem. Phys. 99(9), 6474–6482 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  28. A. M. Smith, S. L. Coy, and W. Klemperer, “Fourier Transform Spectra of Overtone Bands of HCN from 5400 to 15100 cm−1,” J. Mol 134(Spec.), 134–153 (1989).

2009 (4)

A. Ratanavis, N. Campbell, A. V. V. Nampoothiri, and W. Rudolph, “Performance and Spectral Tuning of Optically Overtone Pumped Molecular Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45(5), 488–498 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. F. Sell, W. Miller, D. Wright, B. V. Zhdanov, and R. J. Knize, “Frequency narrowing of a 25 W broad area diode laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(5), 051115 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. V. Zhdanov, M. K. Shaffer, and R. J. Knize, “Cs laser with unstable cavity transversely pumped by multiple diode lasers,” Opt. Express 17(17), 14767–14770 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Ratanavis, N. Campbell, and W. Rudolph, “Feasibility study of optically pumped molecular lasers with small quantum defect,” Opt. Commun. (2009), doi:.

2008 (1)

A. Gourevitch, G. Venus, V. Smirnov, D. A. Hostutler, and L. Glebov, “Continuous wave, 30 W laser-diode bar with 10 GHz linewidth for Rb laser pumping,” Opt. Lett. 33(7), 702–704 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (1)

N. Jovanovic, M. Aslund, A. Fuerbach, S. D. Jackson, G. D. Marshall, and M. J. Withford, “Narrow linewidth, 100 W cw Yb3+-doped silica fiber laser with a point-by-point Bragg grating inscribed directly into the active core,” Opt. Lett. 32(19), 2804–2806 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

L. S. Meng, B. Nizamov, P. Madasamy, J. K. Brasseur, T. Henshaw, and D. K. Neumann, “High power 7-GHz bandwidth external-cavity diode laser array and its use in optically pumping singlet delta oxygen,” Opt. Express 14(22), 10469–10474 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (2)

T. Ehrenreich, B. Zhdanov, T. Takekoshi, S. P. Phipps, and R. J. Knize, “Diode pumped caesium laser,” Electron. Lett. 41(7), 415–416 (2005).
[CrossRef]

W. C. Swann and S. L. Gilbert, “Line centers pressure shift, and pressure broadening of 1530-1560 nm hydrogen cyanide wavelength calibration lines,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22(8), 1749–1756 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

C. S. Kletecka, N. Campbell, C. R. Jones, J. W. Nicholson, and W. Rudolph, “Cascade lasing of molecular HBr in the four micron region pumped by a Nd:YAG laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40(10), 1471–1477 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

Tasoltan T. Basiev, Maxim E Doroshenko, S. B. Kravtsov, V. V. Skornyakov, Petr G. Zverev, S. V. Vasil'ev, S. S. Alimpiev, S. M. Nikiforov, and G. D. Hager, “Emission of a molecular gas HCl laser at 4 μm upon optical pumping by a tunable colour centre laser into the third vibrational overtone,” Quantum Electron. 33, 210–214 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Herman, A. Campargue, M. I. El Idrissi, and J. Vander Auwera, “Vibrational Spectroscopic Database on Acetylene, X1Σg+ (12C2H2, 12C2D2, and 13C2H2),” J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 32, 921–1361 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

S. L. Gilbert and W. C. Swann, “Pressure-induced shift, and broadening of 1510-1540 nm acetylene wavelength calibration lines,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17(7), 1263–1270 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

H. C. Tapalian, C. A. Michales, and G. W. Flynn, “Midinfrared molecular gas lasers optically pumped by a continuously tunable infrared optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70(17), 2215–2217 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

J. Wu, R. Huang, M. Gong, A. Saury, and E. Carrasquillo, “Rotational energy transfer in highly vibrationally excited HCN,” J. Chem. Phys. 99(9), 6474–6482 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

I. W. M. Smith and Jonathan F. Warr, “Energy transfer in highly vibrationally excited acetylene: Relaxation for vibrational energies from 6500 to 13000 cm−1,” J. Chem. Phys. 97(1), 389–396 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

A. M. Smith, S. L. Coy, and W. Klemperer, “Fourier Transform Spectra of Overtone Bands of HCN from 5400 to 15100 cm−1,” J. Mol 134(Spec.), 134–153 (1989).

1986 (1)

Y. Shimoji and N. Djeu, “Overtone pumped superfluorescent HCl laser frequency converter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 49(1), 1–3 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1980 (1)

J. H. S. Wang, J. Finzi, P. K. Baily, K. K. Hui, and G. W. Holleman, “CW optical resonance transfer lasers (ORTL),” J. Phys. 41, 463–469 (1980).

1977 (2)

J. J. Tiee and C. Wittig, “CF4 and NOCL molecular lasers operating in the 16-μm region,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 30(8), 420–422 (1977).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Olivero and R. L. Longbothum, “Empirical fits to the Voigt line width: A brief review,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 17(2), 233–236 (1977).
[CrossRef]

1976 (2)

T. Y. Chang and J. D. McGee, “Laser action at 12.812 μm in optically pumped NH3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 28(9), 526–528 (1976).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Stregack, B. L. Wexler, and G. A. Hart, “cw-CO-CS2, CO- C2H2, and CO-N2O energy-transfer lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 28(3), 137–139 (1976).
[CrossRef]

1975 (2)

H. Kildal and T. F. Deutsch, “Optically pumped infrared V-V transfer lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 27(9), 500–502 (1975).
[CrossRef]

H. R. Schlossberg and H. R. Fetterman, “Optically pumped vibrational transition laser in OCS,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 26(6), 316–318 (1975).
[CrossRef]

1964 (1)

J. P. Goldsborough, “Beat Frequencies between Modes of a Concave-Mirror Optical Resonator,” Appl. Opt. 3(2), 267–275 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Alimpiev, S. S.

Tasoltan T. Basiev, Maxim E Doroshenko, S. B. Kravtsov, V. V. Skornyakov, Petr G. Zverev, S. V. Vasil'ev, S. S. Alimpiev, S. M. Nikiforov, and G. D. Hager, “Emission of a molecular gas HCl laser at 4 μm upon optical pumping by a tunable colour centre laser into the third vibrational overtone,” Quantum Electron. 33, 210–214 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Aslund, M.

N. Jovanovic, M. Aslund, A. Fuerbach, S. D. Jackson, G. D. Marshall, and M. J. Withford, “Narrow linewidth, 100 W cw Yb3+-doped silica fiber laser with a point-by-point Bragg grating inscribed directly into the active core,” Opt. Lett. 32(19), 2804–2806 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baily, P. K.

J. H. S. Wang, J. Finzi, P. K. Baily, K. K. Hui, and G. W. Holleman, “CW optical resonance transfer lasers (ORTL),” J. Phys. 41, 463–469 (1980).

Basiev, Tasoltan T.

Tasoltan T. Basiev, Maxim E Doroshenko, S. B. Kravtsov, V. V. Skornyakov, Petr G. Zverev, S. V. Vasil'ev, S. S. Alimpiev, S. M. Nikiforov, and G. D. Hager, “Emission of a molecular gas HCl laser at 4 μm upon optical pumping by a tunable colour centre laser into the third vibrational overtone,” Quantum Electron. 33, 210–214 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Brasseur, J. K.

L. S. Meng, B. Nizamov, P. Madasamy, J. K. Brasseur, T. Henshaw, and D. K. Neumann, “High power 7-GHz bandwidth external-cavity diode laser array and its use in optically pumping singlet delta oxygen,” Opt. Express 14(22), 10469–10474 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Campargue, A.

M. Herman, A. Campargue, M. I. El Idrissi, and J. Vander Auwera, “Vibrational Spectroscopic Database on Acetylene, X1Σg+ (12C2H2, 12C2D2, and 13C2H2),” J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 32, 921–1361 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Campbell, N.

A. Ratanavis, N. Campbell, and W. Rudolph, “Feasibility study of optically pumped molecular lasers with small quantum defect,” Opt. Commun. (2009), doi:.

A. Ratanavis, N. Campbell, A. V. V. Nampoothiri, and W. Rudolph, “Performance and Spectral Tuning of Optically Overtone Pumped Molecular Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45(5), 488–498 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. S. Kletecka, N. Campbell, C. R. Jones, J. W. Nicholson, and W. Rudolph, “Cascade lasing of molecular HBr in the four micron region pumped by a Nd:YAG laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40(10), 1471–1477 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Carrasquillo, E.

J. Wu, R. Huang, M. Gong, A. Saury, and E. Carrasquillo, “Rotational energy transfer in highly vibrationally excited HCN,” J. Chem. Phys. 99(9), 6474–6482 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Chang, T. Y.

T. Y. Chang and J. D. McGee, “Laser action at 12.812 μm in optically pumped NH3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 28(9), 526–528 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Coy, S. L.

A. M. Smith, S. L. Coy, and W. Klemperer, “Fourier Transform Spectra of Overtone Bands of HCN from 5400 to 15100 cm−1,” J. Mol 134(Spec.), 134–153 (1989).

Deutsch, T. F.

H. Kildal and T. F. Deutsch, “Optically pumped infrared V-V transfer lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 27(9), 500–502 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Djeu, N.

Y. Shimoji and N. Djeu, “Overtone pumped superfluorescent HCl laser frequency converter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 49(1), 1–3 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Doroshenko, Maxim E

Tasoltan T. Basiev, Maxim E Doroshenko, S. B. Kravtsov, V. V. Skornyakov, Petr G. Zverev, S. V. Vasil'ev, S. S. Alimpiev, S. M. Nikiforov, and G. D. Hager, “Emission of a molecular gas HCl laser at 4 μm upon optical pumping by a tunable colour centre laser into the third vibrational overtone,” Quantum Electron. 33, 210–214 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ehrenreich, T.

T. Ehrenreich, B. Zhdanov, T. Takekoshi, S. P. Phipps, and R. J. Knize, “Diode pumped caesium laser,” Electron. Lett. 41(7), 415–416 (2005).
[CrossRef]

El Idrissi, M. I.

M. Herman, A. Campargue, M. I. El Idrissi, and J. Vander Auwera, “Vibrational Spectroscopic Database on Acetylene, X1Σg+ (12C2H2, 12C2D2, and 13C2H2),” J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 32, 921–1361 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Fetterman, H. R.

H. R. Schlossberg and H. R. Fetterman, “Optically pumped vibrational transition laser in OCS,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 26(6), 316–318 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Finzi, J.

J. H. S. Wang, J. Finzi, P. K. Baily, K. K. Hui, and G. W. Holleman, “CW optical resonance transfer lasers (ORTL),” J. Phys. 41, 463–469 (1980).

Flynn, G. W.

H. C. Tapalian, C. A. Michales, and G. W. Flynn, “Midinfrared molecular gas lasers optically pumped by a continuously tunable infrared optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70(17), 2215–2217 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Fuerbach, A.

N. Jovanovic, M. Aslund, A. Fuerbach, S. D. Jackson, G. D. Marshall, and M. J. Withford, “Narrow linewidth, 100 W cw Yb3+-doped silica fiber laser with a point-by-point Bragg grating inscribed directly into the active core,” Opt. Lett. 32(19), 2804–2806 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gilbert, S. L.

W. C. Swann and S. L. Gilbert, “Line centers pressure shift, and pressure broadening of 1530-1560 nm hydrogen cyanide wavelength calibration lines,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22(8), 1749–1756 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. L. Gilbert and W. C. Swann, “Pressure-induced shift, and broadening of 1510-1540 nm acetylene wavelength calibration lines,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17(7), 1263–1270 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Glebov, L.

A. Gourevitch, G. Venus, V. Smirnov, D. A. Hostutler, and L. Glebov, “Continuous wave, 30 W laser-diode bar with 10 GHz linewidth for Rb laser pumping,” Opt. Lett. 33(7), 702–704 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Goldsborough, J. P.

J. P. Goldsborough, “Beat Frequencies between Modes of a Concave-Mirror Optical Resonator,” Appl. Opt. 3(2), 267–275 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Gong, M.

J. Wu, R. Huang, M. Gong, A. Saury, and E. Carrasquillo, “Rotational energy transfer in highly vibrationally excited HCN,” J. Chem. Phys. 99(9), 6474–6482 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Gourevitch, A.

A. Gourevitch, G. Venus, V. Smirnov, D. A. Hostutler, and L. Glebov, “Continuous wave, 30 W laser-diode bar with 10 GHz linewidth for Rb laser pumping,” Opt. Lett. 33(7), 702–704 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hager, G. D.

Tasoltan T. Basiev, Maxim E Doroshenko, S. B. Kravtsov, V. V. Skornyakov, Petr G. Zverev, S. V. Vasil'ev, S. S. Alimpiev, S. M. Nikiforov, and G. D. Hager, “Emission of a molecular gas HCl laser at 4 μm upon optical pumping by a tunable colour centre laser into the third vibrational overtone,” Quantum Electron. 33, 210–214 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hart, G. A.

J. A. Stregack, B. L. Wexler, and G. A. Hart, “cw-CO-CS2, CO- C2H2, and CO-N2O energy-transfer lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 28(3), 137–139 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Henshaw, T.

L. S. Meng, B. Nizamov, P. Madasamy, J. K. Brasseur, T. Henshaw, and D. K. Neumann, “High power 7-GHz bandwidth external-cavity diode laser array and its use in optically pumping singlet delta oxygen,” Opt. Express 14(22), 10469–10474 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Herman, M.

M. Herman, A. Campargue, M. I. El Idrissi, and J. Vander Auwera, “Vibrational Spectroscopic Database on Acetylene, X1Σg+ (12C2H2, 12C2D2, and 13C2H2),” J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 32, 921–1361 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Holleman, G. W.

J. H. S. Wang, J. Finzi, P. K. Baily, K. K. Hui, and G. W. Holleman, “CW optical resonance transfer lasers (ORTL),” J. Phys. 41, 463–469 (1980).

Hostutler, D. A.

A. Gourevitch, G. Venus, V. Smirnov, D. A. Hostutler, and L. Glebov, “Continuous wave, 30 W laser-diode bar with 10 GHz linewidth for Rb laser pumping,” Opt. Lett. 33(7), 702–704 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huang, R.

J. Wu, R. Huang, M. Gong, A. Saury, and E. Carrasquillo, “Rotational energy transfer in highly vibrationally excited HCN,” J. Chem. Phys. 99(9), 6474–6482 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Hui, K. K.

J. H. S. Wang, J. Finzi, P. K. Baily, K. K. Hui, and G. W. Holleman, “CW optical resonance transfer lasers (ORTL),” J. Phys. 41, 463–469 (1980).

Jackson, S. D.

N. Jovanovic, M. Aslund, A. Fuerbach, S. D. Jackson, G. D. Marshall, and M. J. Withford, “Narrow linewidth, 100 W cw Yb3+-doped silica fiber laser with a point-by-point Bragg grating inscribed directly into the active core,” Opt. Lett. 32(19), 2804–2806 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jones, C. R.

C. S. Kletecka, N. Campbell, C. R. Jones, J. W. Nicholson, and W. Rudolph, “Cascade lasing of molecular HBr in the four micron region pumped by a Nd:YAG laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40(10), 1471–1477 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jovanovic, N.

N. Jovanovic, M. Aslund, A. Fuerbach, S. D. Jackson, G. D. Marshall, and M. J. Withford, “Narrow linewidth, 100 W cw Yb3+-doped silica fiber laser with a point-by-point Bragg grating inscribed directly into the active core,” Opt. Lett. 32(19), 2804–2806 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kildal, H.

H. Kildal and T. F. Deutsch, “Optically pumped infrared V-V transfer lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 27(9), 500–502 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Klemperer, W.

A. M. Smith, S. L. Coy, and W. Klemperer, “Fourier Transform Spectra of Overtone Bands of HCN from 5400 to 15100 cm−1,” J. Mol 134(Spec.), 134–153 (1989).

Kletecka, C. S.

C. S. Kletecka, N. Campbell, C. R. Jones, J. W. Nicholson, and W. Rudolph, “Cascade lasing of molecular HBr in the four micron region pumped by a Nd:YAG laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40(10), 1471–1477 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Knize, R. J.

J. F. Sell, W. Miller, D. Wright, B. V. Zhdanov, and R. J. Knize, “Frequency narrowing of a 25 W broad area diode laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(5), 051115 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. V. Zhdanov, M. K. Shaffer, and R. J. Knize, “Cs laser with unstable cavity transversely pumped by multiple diode lasers,” Opt. Express 17(17), 14767–14770 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Ehrenreich, B. Zhdanov, T. Takekoshi, S. P. Phipps, and R. J. Knize, “Diode pumped caesium laser,” Electron. Lett. 41(7), 415–416 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kravtsov, S. B.

Tasoltan T. Basiev, Maxim E Doroshenko, S. B. Kravtsov, V. V. Skornyakov, Petr G. Zverev, S. V. Vasil'ev, S. S. Alimpiev, S. M. Nikiforov, and G. D. Hager, “Emission of a molecular gas HCl laser at 4 μm upon optical pumping by a tunable colour centre laser into the third vibrational overtone,” Quantum Electron. 33, 210–214 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Longbothum, R. L.

J. J. Olivero and R. L. Longbothum, “Empirical fits to the Voigt line width: A brief review,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 17(2), 233–236 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Madasamy, P.

L. S. Meng, B. Nizamov, P. Madasamy, J. K. Brasseur, T. Henshaw, and D. K. Neumann, “High power 7-GHz bandwidth external-cavity diode laser array and its use in optically pumping singlet delta oxygen,” Opt. Express 14(22), 10469–10474 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Marshall, G. D.

N. Jovanovic, M. Aslund, A. Fuerbach, S. D. Jackson, G. D. Marshall, and M. J. Withford, “Narrow linewidth, 100 W cw Yb3+-doped silica fiber laser with a point-by-point Bragg grating inscribed directly into the active core,” Opt. Lett. 32(19), 2804–2806 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

McGee, J. D.

T. Y. Chang and J. D. McGee, “Laser action at 12.812 μm in optically pumped NH3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 28(9), 526–528 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Meng, L. S.

L. S. Meng, B. Nizamov, P. Madasamy, J. K. Brasseur, T. Henshaw, and D. K. Neumann, “High power 7-GHz bandwidth external-cavity diode laser array and its use in optically pumping singlet delta oxygen,” Opt. Express 14(22), 10469–10474 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Michales, C. A.

H. C. Tapalian, C. A. Michales, and G. W. Flynn, “Midinfrared molecular gas lasers optically pumped by a continuously tunable infrared optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70(17), 2215–2217 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Miller, W.

J. F. Sell, W. Miller, D. Wright, B. V. Zhdanov, and R. J. Knize, “Frequency narrowing of a 25 W broad area diode laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(5), 051115 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nampoothiri, A. V. V.

A. Ratanavis, N. Campbell, A. V. V. Nampoothiri, and W. Rudolph, “Performance and Spectral Tuning of Optically Overtone Pumped Molecular Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45(5), 488–498 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Neumann, D. K.

L. S. Meng, B. Nizamov, P. Madasamy, J. K. Brasseur, T. Henshaw, and D. K. Neumann, “High power 7-GHz bandwidth external-cavity diode laser array and its use in optically pumping singlet delta oxygen,” Opt. Express 14(22), 10469–10474 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nicholson, J. W.

C. S. Kletecka, N. Campbell, C. R. Jones, J. W. Nicholson, and W. Rudolph, “Cascade lasing of molecular HBr in the four micron region pumped by a Nd:YAG laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40(10), 1471–1477 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nikiforov, S. M.

Tasoltan T. Basiev, Maxim E Doroshenko, S. B. Kravtsov, V. V. Skornyakov, Petr G. Zverev, S. V. Vasil'ev, S. S. Alimpiev, S. M. Nikiforov, and G. D. Hager, “Emission of a molecular gas HCl laser at 4 μm upon optical pumping by a tunable colour centre laser into the third vibrational overtone,” Quantum Electron. 33, 210–214 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nizamov, B.

L. S. Meng, B. Nizamov, P. Madasamy, J. K. Brasseur, T. Henshaw, and D. K. Neumann, “High power 7-GHz bandwidth external-cavity diode laser array and its use in optically pumping singlet delta oxygen,” Opt. Express 14(22), 10469–10474 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Olivero, J. J.

J. J. Olivero and R. L. Longbothum, “Empirical fits to the Voigt line width: A brief review,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 17(2), 233–236 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Phipps, S. P.

T. Ehrenreich, B. Zhdanov, T. Takekoshi, S. P. Phipps, and R. J. Knize, “Diode pumped caesium laser,” Electron. Lett. 41(7), 415–416 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ratanavis, A.

A. Ratanavis, N. Campbell, and W. Rudolph, “Feasibility study of optically pumped molecular lasers with small quantum defect,” Opt. Commun. (2009), doi:.

A. Ratanavis, N. Campbell, A. V. V. Nampoothiri, and W. Rudolph, “Performance and Spectral Tuning of Optically Overtone Pumped Molecular Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45(5), 488–498 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rudolph, W.

A. Ratanavis, N. Campbell, A. V. V. Nampoothiri, and W. Rudolph, “Performance and Spectral Tuning of Optically Overtone Pumped Molecular Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45(5), 488–498 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Ratanavis, N. Campbell, and W. Rudolph, “Feasibility study of optically pumped molecular lasers with small quantum defect,” Opt. Commun. (2009), doi:.

C. S. Kletecka, N. Campbell, C. R. Jones, J. W. Nicholson, and W. Rudolph, “Cascade lasing of molecular HBr in the four micron region pumped by a Nd:YAG laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40(10), 1471–1477 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Saury, A.

J. Wu, R. Huang, M. Gong, A. Saury, and E. Carrasquillo, “Rotational energy transfer in highly vibrationally excited HCN,” J. Chem. Phys. 99(9), 6474–6482 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Schlossberg, H. R.

H. R. Schlossberg and H. R. Fetterman, “Optically pumped vibrational transition laser in OCS,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 26(6), 316–318 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Sell, J. F.

J. F. Sell, W. Miller, D. Wright, B. V. Zhdanov, and R. J. Knize, “Frequency narrowing of a 25 W broad area diode laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(5), 051115 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Shaffer, M. K.

B. V. Zhdanov, M. K. Shaffer, and R. J. Knize, “Cs laser with unstable cavity transversely pumped by multiple diode lasers,” Opt. Express 17(17), 14767–14770 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shimoji, Y.

Y. Shimoji and N. Djeu, “Overtone pumped superfluorescent HCl laser frequency converter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 49(1), 1–3 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Skornyakov, V. V.

Tasoltan T. Basiev, Maxim E Doroshenko, S. B. Kravtsov, V. V. Skornyakov, Petr G. Zverev, S. V. Vasil'ev, S. S. Alimpiev, S. M. Nikiforov, and G. D. Hager, “Emission of a molecular gas HCl laser at 4 μm upon optical pumping by a tunable colour centre laser into the third vibrational overtone,” Quantum Electron. 33, 210–214 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Smirnov, V.

A. Gourevitch, G. Venus, V. Smirnov, D. A. Hostutler, and L. Glebov, “Continuous wave, 30 W laser-diode bar with 10 GHz linewidth for Rb laser pumping,” Opt. Lett. 33(7), 702–704 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Smith, A. M.

A. M. Smith, S. L. Coy, and W. Klemperer, “Fourier Transform Spectra of Overtone Bands of HCN from 5400 to 15100 cm−1,” J. Mol 134(Spec.), 134–153 (1989).

Smith, I. W. M.

I. W. M. Smith and Jonathan F. Warr, “Energy transfer in highly vibrationally excited acetylene: Relaxation for vibrational energies from 6500 to 13000 cm−1,” J. Chem. Phys. 97(1), 389–396 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Stregack, J. A.

J. A. Stregack, B. L. Wexler, and G. A. Hart, “cw-CO-CS2, CO- C2H2, and CO-N2O energy-transfer lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 28(3), 137–139 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Swann, W. C.

W. C. Swann and S. L. Gilbert, “Line centers pressure shift, and pressure broadening of 1530-1560 nm hydrogen cyanide wavelength calibration lines,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22(8), 1749–1756 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. L. Gilbert and W. C. Swann, “Pressure-induced shift, and broadening of 1510-1540 nm acetylene wavelength calibration lines,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17(7), 1263–1270 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Takekoshi, T.

T. Ehrenreich, B. Zhdanov, T. Takekoshi, S. P. Phipps, and R. J. Knize, “Diode pumped caesium laser,” Electron. Lett. 41(7), 415–416 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tapalian, H. C.

H. C. Tapalian, C. A. Michales, and G. W. Flynn, “Midinfrared molecular gas lasers optically pumped by a continuously tunable infrared optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70(17), 2215–2217 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tiee, J. J.

J. J. Tiee and C. Wittig, “CF4 and NOCL molecular lasers operating in the 16-μm region,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 30(8), 420–422 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Vander Auwera, J.

M. Herman, A. Campargue, M. I. El Idrissi, and J. Vander Auwera, “Vibrational Spectroscopic Database on Acetylene, X1Σg+ (12C2H2, 12C2D2, and 13C2H2),” J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 32, 921–1361 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Vasil'ev, S. V.

Tasoltan T. Basiev, Maxim E Doroshenko, S. B. Kravtsov, V. V. Skornyakov, Petr G. Zverev, S. V. Vasil'ev, S. S. Alimpiev, S. M. Nikiforov, and G. D. Hager, “Emission of a molecular gas HCl laser at 4 μm upon optical pumping by a tunable colour centre laser into the third vibrational overtone,” Quantum Electron. 33, 210–214 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Venus, G.

A. Gourevitch, G. Venus, V. Smirnov, D. A. Hostutler, and L. Glebov, “Continuous wave, 30 W laser-diode bar with 10 GHz linewidth for Rb laser pumping,” Opt. Lett. 33(7), 702–704 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, J. H. S.

J. H. S. Wang, J. Finzi, P. K. Baily, K. K. Hui, and G. W. Holleman, “CW optical resonance transfer lasers (ORTL),” J. Phys. 41, 463–469 (1980).

Warr, Jonathan F.

I. W. M. Smith and Jonathan F. Warr, “Energy transfer in highly vibrationally excited acetylene: Relaxation for vibrational energies from 6500 to 13000 cm−1,” J. Chem. Phys. 97(1), 389–396 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Wexler, B. L.

J. A. Stregack, B. L. Wexler, and G. A. Hart, “cw-CO-CS2, CO- C2H2, and CO-N2O energy-transfer lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 28(3), 137–139 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Withford, M. J.

N. Jovanovic, M. Aslund, A. Fuerbach, S. D. Jackson, G. D. Marshall, and M. J. Withford, “Narrow linewidth, 100 W cw Yb3+-doped silica fiber laser with a point-by-point Bragg grating inscribed directly into the active core,” Opt. Lett. 32(19), 2804–2806 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wittig, C.

J. J. Tiee and C. Wittig, “CF4 and NOCL molecular lasers operating in the 16-μm region,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 30(8), 420–422 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Wright, D.

J. F. Sell, W. Miller, D. Wright, B. V. Zhdanov, and R. J. Knize, “Frequency narrowing of a 25 W broad area diode laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(5), 051115 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wu, J.

J. Wu, R. Huang, M. Gong, A. Saury, and E. Carrasquillo, “Rotational energy transfer in highly vibrationally excited HCN,” J. Chem. Phys. 99(9), 6474–6482 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Zhdanov, B.

T. Ehrenreich, B. Zhdanov, T. Takekoshi, S. P. Phipps, and R. J. Knize, “Diode pumped caesium laser,” Electron. Lett. 41(7), 415–416 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhdanov, B. V.

B. V. Zhdanov, M. K. Shaffer, and R. J. Knize, “Cs laser with unstable cavity transversely pumped by multiple diode lasers,” Opt. Express 17(17), 14767–14770 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. F. Sell, W. Miller, D. Wright, B. V. Zhdanov, and R. J. Knize, “Frequency narrowing of a 25 W broad area diode laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(5), 051115 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zverev, Petr G.

Tasoltan T. Basiev, Maxim E Doroshenko, S. B. Kravtsov, V. V. Skornyakov, Petr G. Zverev, S. V. Vasil'ev, S. S. Alimpiev, S. M. Nikiforov, and G. D. Hager, “Emission of a molecular gas HCl laser at 4 μm upon optical pumping by a tunable colour centre laser into the third vibrational overtone,” Quantum Electron. 33, 210–214 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

J. P. Goldsborough, “Beat Frequencies between Modes of a Concave-Mirror Optical Resonator,” Appl. Opt. 3(2), 267–275 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (8)

Y. Shimoji and N. Djeu, “Overtone pumped superfluorescent HCl laser frequency converter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 49(1), 1–3 (1986).
[CrossRef]

T. Y. Chang and J. D. McGee, “Laser action at 12.812 μm in optically pumped NH3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 28(9), 526–528 (1976).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Tiee and C. Wittig, “CF4 and NOCL molecular lasers operating in the 16-μm region,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 30(8), 420–422 (1977).
[CrossRef]

H. R. Schlossberg and H. R. Fetterman, “Optically pumped vibrational transition laser in OCS,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 26(6), 316–318 (1975).
[CrossRef]

J. F. Sell, W. Miller, D. Wright, B. V. Zhdanov, and R. J. Knize, “Frequency narrowing of a 25 W broad area diode laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(5), 051115 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Stregack, B. L. Wexler, and G. A. Hart, “cw-CO-CS2, CO- C2H2, and CO-N2O energy-transfer lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 28(3), 137–139 (1976).
[CrossRef]

H. Kildal and T. F. Deutsch, “Optically pumped infrared V-V transfer lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 27(9), 500–502 (1975).
[CrossRef]

H. C. Tapalian, C. A. Michales, and G. W. Flynn, “Midinfrared molecular gas lasers optically pumped by a continuously tunable infrared optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70(17), 2215–2217 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

T. Ehrenreich, B. Zhdanov, T. Takekoshi, S. P. Phipps, and R. J. Knize, “Diode pumped caesium laser,” Electron. Lett. 41(7), 415–416 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

C. S. Kletecka, N. Campbell, C. R. Jones, J. W. Nicholson, and W. Rudolph, “Cascade lasing of molecular HBr in the four micron region pumped by a Nd:YAG laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40(10), 1471–1477 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Ratanavis, N. Campbell, A. V. V. Nampoothiri, and W. Rudolph, “Performance and Spectral Tuning of Optically Overtone Pumped Molecular Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45(5), 488–498 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (2)

J. Wu, R. Huang, M. Gong, A. Saury, and E. Carrasquillo, “Rotational energy transfer in highly vibrationally excited HCN,” J. Chem. Phys. 99(9), 6474–6482 (1993).
[CrossRef]

I. W. M. Smith and Jonathan F. Warr, “Energy transfer in highly vibrationally excited acetylene: Relaxation for vibrational energies from 6500 to 13000 cm−1,” J. Chem. Phys. 97(1), 389–396 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Mol (1)

A. M. Smith, S. L. Coy, and W. Klemperer, “Fourier Transform Spectra of Overtone Bands of HCN from 5400 to 15100 cm−1,” J. Mol 134(Spec.), 134–153 (1989).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

S. L. Gilbert and W. C. Swann, “Pressure-induced shift, and broadening of 1510-1540 nm acetylene wavelength calibration lines,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17(7), 1263–1270 (2000).
[CrossRef]

W. C. Swann and S. L. Gilbert, “Line centers pressure shift, and pressure broadening of 1530-1560 nm hydrogen cyanide wavelength calibration lines,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22(8), 1749–1756 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. (1)

J. H. S. Wang, J. Finzi, P. K. Baily, K. K. Hui, and G. W. Holleman, “CW optical resonance transfer lasers (ORTL),” J. Phys. 41, 463–469 (1980).

J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data (1)

M. Herman, A. Campargue, M. I. El Idrissi, and J. Vander Auwera, “Vibrational Spectroscopic Database on Acetylene, X1Σg+ (12C2H2, 12C2D2, and 13C2H2),” J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 32, 921–1361 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. (1)

J. J. Olivero and R. L. Longbothum, “Empirical fits to the Voigt line width: A brief review,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 17(2), 233–236 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

A. Ratanavis, N. Campbell, and W. Rudolph, “Feasibility study of optically pumped molecular lasers with small quantum defect,” Opt. Commun. (2009), doi:.

Opt. Express (2)

B. V. Zhdanov, M. K. Shaffer, and R. J. Knize, “Cs laser with unstable cavity transversely pumped by multiple diode lasers,” Opt. Express 17(17), 14767–14770 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. S. Meng, B. Nizamov, P. Madasamy, J. K. Brasseur, T. Henshaw, and D. K. Neumann, “High power 7-GHz bandwidth external-cavity diode laser array and its use in optically pumping singlet delta oxygen,” Opt. Express 14(22), 10469–10474 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (2)

N. Jovanovic, M. Aslund, A. Fuerbach, S. D. Jackson, G. D. Marshall, and M. J. Withford, “Narrow linewidth, 100 W cw Yb3+-doped silica fiber laser with a point-by-point Bragg grating inscribed directly into the active core,” Opt. Lett. 32(19), 2804–2806 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Gourevitch, G. Venus, V. Smirnov, D. A. Hostutler, and L. Glebov, “Continuous wave, 30 W laser-diode bar with 10 GHz linewidth for Rb laser pumping,” Opt. Lett. 33(7), 702–704 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Quantum Electron. (1)

Tasoltan T. Basiev, Maxim E Doroshenko, S. B. Kravtsov, V. V. Skornyakov, Petr G. Zverev, S. V. Vasil'ev, S. S. Alimpiev, S. M. Nikiforov, and G. D. Hager, “Emission of a molecular gas HCl laser at 4 μm upon optical pumping by a tunable colour centre laser into the third vibrational overtone,” Quantum Electron. 33, 210–214 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

G. Herzberg, Infrared and Raman Spectra (D. Van Nostrand Company, New York, 1945).

HITRAN database, http://cfa-www.harvard.edu/HITRAN/

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Normal vibrational modes of C2H2 and simplified energy level diagram. An R branch pump transition from j = 7 to j = 8 and observed laser transitions at about 3120 nm and 3160 nm are shown.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Normal vibrational modes of HCN and simplified energy level diagram. An R branch pump transition from j = 9 to j = 10 and observed laser transitions at about 3100 nm and 3170 nm are shown (solid arrows). Dashed vertical arrows indicate some other possible laser transitions that were not observed in our experiments. The dotted vertical arrow corresponds to the observed cw fluorescence transition (see text).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Schematic diagram of the C2H2 and HCN laser cavity. M1, M2: cavity mirrors, L- lens, D- fast detector. F is a filter to block the pump beam. W is a CaF2 window to pick the laser output. For spectral measurements, the detector D was been replaced by an infrared scanning spectrometer.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

a) Spectrum and, b) temporal profile of the C2H2 laser pumped with 5-ns pulses at 1.521 μm. The insets show the ASE spectrum and temporal profile. The origin of time axis corresponds to an arbitrary trigger.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Spectrum and (b) temporal profile of an HCN laser pumped with 5-ns pulses at 1.536 μm. The inset shows the corresponding ASE data.

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