Abstract

We report on a millijoule-level Yb-doped photonic crystal fiber (PCF) laser passively Q-switched with AlGaInAs quantum wells (QWs). Three types of AlGaInAs devices with different QW numbers are fabricated to investigate the performance. With 50 groups of three AlGaInAs QWs as a saturable absorber (SA), the PCF laser generates an average power of 7.1 W with a pulse repetition rate of 6.5 kHz at a pump power of 16 W, corresponding to the pulse energy of 1.1 mJ. The maximum peak power is up to 110 kW.

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2010

2009

2007

J. Y. Huang, H. C. Liang, K. W. Su, and Y. F. Chen, “High power passively Q-switched ytterbium fiber laser with Cr(4+):YAG as a saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 15(2), 473–479 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. Schmidt, J. Rothhardt, F. Röser, S. Linke, T. Schreiber, K. Rademaker, J. Limpert, S. Ermeneux, P. Yvernault, F. Salin, and A. Tünnermann, “Millijoule pulse energy Q-switched short-length fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 32(11), 1551–1553 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Hakulinen and O. G. Okhotnikov, “8 ns fiber laser Q switched by the resonant saturable absorber mirror,” Opt. Lett. 32(18), 2677–2679 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Quintino, A. Costa, R. Miranda, D. Yapp, V. Kumar, and C. J. Kong, “Welding with high power fiber lasers – A preliminary study,” Mater. Des. 28(4), 1231–1237 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. Pan, I. Utkin, and R. Fedosejevs, “Passively Q-switched ytterbium-doped double-clad fiber laser with a Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(24), 1979–1981 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Limpert, F. Roser, S. Klingebiel, T. Schreiber, C. Wirth, T. Peschel, R. Eberhardt, and A. Tünnermann, “The Rising Power of Fiber Lasers and Amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 537–545 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

M. Laroche, H. Gilles, S. Girard, N. Passilly, and K. Ait-Ameur, “Nanosecond pulse generation in a passively Q-switched Yb-doped fiber laser by Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(6), 764–766 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

2004

2003

2002

2001

Y. F. Chen and S. W. Tsai, “Simultaneous Q-switching and mode-locking in a diode-pumped Nd:YVO4-Cr4+:YAG laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37(4), 580–586 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

1998

1983

W. T. Tsang and N. A. Olsson, “New current injection 1.5-μm wavelength GaxAlyIn1−x−yAs/InP doubleheterostructure laser grown by molecular beam epitaxy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 42(11), 922–924 (1983).
[CrossRef]

K. Alavi, H. Temkin, W. R. Wagner, and A. Y. Cho, “Optically pumped 1.55-μm double heterostructure GaxAlyIn1−x−yAs/AluIn1−uAs lasers grown by molecular beam epitaxy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 42(3), 254–256 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1972

P. G. Kryukov and V. S. Letokhov, “Fluctuation mechanism of ultrashort pulse generation by laser with saturable absorber,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 8(10), 766–782 (1972).
[CrossRef]

1970

J. A. Fleck., “Ultrashort-pulse generation by Q-switched lasers,” Phys. Rev. B 1(1), 84–100 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Ait-Ameur, K.

M. Laroche, H. Gilles, S. Girard, N. Passilly, and K. Ait-Ameur, “Nanosecond pulse generation in a passively Q-switched Yb-doped fiber laser by Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(6), 764–766 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Alavi, K.

K. Alavi, H. Temkin, W. R. Wagner, and A. Y. Cho, “Optically pumped 1.55-μm double heterostructure GaxAlyIn1−x−yAs/AluIn1−uAs lasers grown by molecular beam epitaxy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 42(3), 254–256 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Alvarez-Chavez, J. A.

Blondel, M.

Brooks, C. D.

Brunel, M.

Chartier, T.

Chen, Y. F.

Chen, Z. J.

Cho, A. Y.

K. Alavi, H. Temkin, W. R. Wagner, and A. Y. Cho, “Optically pumped 1.55-μm double heterostructure GaxAlyIn1−x−yAs/AluIn1−uAs lasers grown by molecular beam epitaxy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 42(3), 254–256 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Clarkson, W. A.

Costa, A.

L. Quintino, A. Costa, R. Miranda, D. Yapp, V. Kumar, and C. J. Kong, “Welding with high power fiber lasers – A preliminary study,” Mater. Des. 28(4), 1231–1237 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Di Teodoro, F.

Dong, X. Y.

Eberhardt, R.

J. Limpert, F. Roser, S. Klingebiel, T. Schreiber, C. Wirth, T. Peschel, R. Eberhardt, and A. Tünnermann, “The Rising Power of Fiber Lasers and Amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 537–545 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ermeneux, S.

Fan, Y. X.

Fan, Y.-X.

Fedosejevs, R.

L. Pan, I. Utkin, R. J. Lan, Y. Godwal, and R. Fedosejevs, “High-peak-power subnanosecond passively Q-switched ytterbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 35(7), 895–897 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Pan, I. Utkin, and R. Fedosejevs, “Passively Q-switched ytterbium-doped double-clad fiber laser with a Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(24), 1979–1981 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Fleck, J. A.

J. A. Fleck., “Ultrashort-pulse generation by Q-switched lasers,” Phys. Rev. B 1(1), 84–100 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Fotiadi, A. A.

Furusawa, K.

A. Piper, A. Malinowski, K. Furusawa, and D. J. Richardson, “High-power, high-brightness, mJ Qswitched ytterbium-doped fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 40(15), 928–929 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gilles, H.

M. Laroche, H. Gilles, S. Girard, N. Passilly, and K. Ait-Ameur, “Nanosecond pulse generation in a passively Q-switched Yb-doped fiber laser by Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(6), 764–766 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Girard, S.

M. Laroche, H. Gilles, S. Girard, N. Passilly, and K. Ait-Ameur, “Nanosecond pulse generation in a passively Q-switched Yb-doped fiber laser by Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(6), 764–766 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Godwal, Y.

Grudinin, A. B.

Hakulinen, T.

He, J.

J. Yang, J. Liu, and J. He, “A compact Q-switched and mode-locked diode-pumped Nd:GdVO4 laser with Cr4+:YAG,” Laser Phys. 15(8), 1137–1141 (2005).

He, J. L.

Hideur, A.

Hu, C.

Hu, S. L.

Hu, S.-L.

Huang, J. Y.

Huang, K. F.

Huang, W. C.

Huang, Y. P.

Jackson, S. D.

S. D. Jackson and A. Lauto, “Diode-pumped fiber lasers: a new clinical tool?” Lasers Surg. Med. 30(3), 184–190 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jeong, Y.

Klingebiel, S.

J. Limpert, F. Roser, S. Klingebiel, T. Schreiber, C. Wirth, T. Peschel, R. Eberhardt, and A. Tünnermann, “The Rising Power of Fiber Lasers and Amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 537–545 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kong, C. J.

L. Quintino, A. Costa, R. Miranda, D. Yapp, V. Kumar, and C. J. Kong, “Welding with high power fiber lasers – A preliminary study,” Mater. Des. 28(4), 1231–1237 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kryukov, P. G.

P. G. Kryukov and V. S. Letokhov, “Fluctuation mechanism of ultrashort pulse generation by laser with saturable absorber,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 8(10), 766–782 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Kumar, V.

L. Quintino, A. Costa, R. Miranda, D. Yapp, V. Kumar, and C. J. Kong, “Welding with high power fiber lasers – A preliminary study,” Mater. Des. 28(4), 1231–1237 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lan, R. J.

Laroche, M.

M. Laroche, H. Gilles, S. Girard, N. Passilly, and K. Ait-Ameur, “Nanosecond pulse generation in a passively Q-switched Yb-doped fiber laser by Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(6), 764–766 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lauto, A.

S. D. Jackson and A. Lauto, “Diode-pumped fiber lasers: a new clinical tool?” Lasers Surg. Med. 30(3), 184–190 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Letokhov, V. S.

P. G. Kryukov and V. S. Letokhov, “Fluctuation mechanism of ultrashort pulse generation by laser with saturable absorber,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 8(10), 766–782 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Liang, H. C.

Limpert, J.

J. Limpert, F. Roser, S. Klingebiel, T. Schreiber, C. Wirth, T. Peschel, R. Eberhardt, and A. Tünnermann, “The Rising Power of Fiber Lasers and Amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 537–545 (2007).
[CrossRef]

O. Schmidt, J. Rothhardt, F. Röser, S. Linke, T. Schreiber, K. Rademaker, J. Limpert, S. Ermeneux, P. Yvernault, F. Salin, and A. Tünnermann, “Millijoule pulse energy Q-switched short-length fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 32(11), 1551–1553 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Linke, S.

Liu, J.

J. Yang, J. Liu, and J. He, “A compact Q-switched and mode-locked diode-pumped Nd:GdVO4 laser with Cr4+:YAG,” Laser Phys. 15(8), 1137–1141 (2005).

Lu, F. Y.

Lu, F.-Y.

Lu, K. C.

Lu, K.-C.

Malinowski, A.

A. Piper, A. Malinowski, K. Furusawa, and D. J. Richardson, “High-power, high-brightness, mJ Qswitched ytterbium-doped fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 40(15), 928–929 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Martel, G.

Mégret, P.

Minelly, J. D.

Miranda, R.

L. Quintino, A. Costa, R. Miranda, D. Yapp, V. Kumar, and C. J. Kong, “Welding with high power fiber lasers – A preliminary study,” Mater. Des. 28(4), 1231–1237 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nilsson, J.

Offerhaus, H. L.

Okhotnikov, O. G.

Olsson, N. A.

W. T. Tsang and N. A. Olsson, “New current injection 1.5-μm wavelength GaxAlyIn1−x−yAs/InP doubleheterostructure laser grown by molecular beam epitaxy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 42(11), 922–924 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Ozkul, C.

Pan, H.

S. Zhang, E. Wu, H. Pan, and H. Zeng, “Q-switched mode-locking with Cr4+:YAG in a diode pumped Nd:GdVO4 laser,” Appl. Phys. B 78(3–4), 335–338 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Pan, L.

L. Pan, I. Utkin, R. J. Lan, Y. Godwal, and R. Fedosejevs, “High-peak-power subnanosecond passively Q-switched ytterbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 35(7), 895–897 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Pan, I. Utkin, and R. Fedosejevs, “Passively Q-switched ytterbium-doped double-clad fiber laser with a Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(24), 1979–1981 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Passilly, N.

M. Laroche, H. Gilles, S. Girard, N. Passilly, and K. Ait-Ameur, “Nanosecond pulse generation in a passively Q-switched Yb-doped fiber laser by Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(6), 764–766 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Payne, D. N.

Peschel, T.

J. Limpert, F. Roser, S. Klingebiel, T. Schreiber, C. Wirth, T. Peschel, R. Eberhardt, and A. Tünnermann, “The Rising Power of Fiber Lasers and Amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 537–545 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Piper, A.

A. Piper, A. Malinowski, K. Furusawa, and D. J. Richardson, “High-power, high-brightness, mJ Qswitched ytterbium-doped fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 40(15), 928–929 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Porta, J.

Quintino, L.

L. Quintino, A. Costa, R. Miranda, D. Yapp, V. Kumar, and C. J. Kong, “Welding with high power fiber lasers – A preliminary study,” Mater. Des. 28(4), 1231–1237 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Rademaker, K.

Richardson, D. J.

A. Piper, A. Malinowski, K. Furusawa, and D. J. Richardson, “High-power, high-brightness, mJ Qswitched ytterbium-doped fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 40(15), 928–929 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Alvarez-Chavez, H. L. Offerhaus, J. Nilsson, P. W. Turner, W. A. Clarkson, and D. J. Richardson, “High-energy, high-power ytterbium-doped Q-switched fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 25(1), 37–39 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Roser, F.

J. Limpert, F. Roser, S. Klingebiel, T. Schreiber, C. Wirth, T. Peschel, R. Eberhardt, and A. Tünnermann, “The Rising Power of Fiber Lasers and Amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 537–545 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Röser, F.

Rothhardt, J.

Sahu, J. K.

Salhi, M.

Salin, F.

Sanchez, F.

Schmidt, O.

Schreiber, T.

O. Schmidt, J. Rothhardt, F. Röser, S. Linke, T. Schreiber, K. Rademaker, J. Limpert, S. Ermeneux, P. Yvernault, F. Salin, and A. Tünnermann, “Millijoule pulse energy Q-switched short-length fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 32(11), 1551–1553 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Limpert, F. Roser, S. Klingebiel, T. Schreiber, C. Wirth, T. Peschel, R. Eberhardt, and A. Tünnermann, “The Rising Power of Fiber Lasers and Amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 537–545 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Su, K. W.

Temkin, H.

K. Alavi, H. Temkin, W. R. Wagner, and A. Y. Cho, “Optically pumped 1.55-μm double heterostructure GaxAlyIn1−x−yAs/AluIn1−uAs lasers grown by molecular beam epitaxy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 42(3), 254–256 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Tsai, S. W.

Y. F. Chen and S. W. Tsai, “Simultaneous Q-switching and mode-locking in a diode-pumped Nd:YVO4-Cr4+:YAG laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37(4), 580–586 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Y. F. Chen, S. W. Tsai, and S. C. Wang, “High-power diode-pumped Q-switched and mode-locked Nd:YVO(4) laser with a Cr(4+):YAG saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 25(19), 1442–1444 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Tsang, W. T.

W. T. Tsang and N. A. Olsson, “New current injection 1.5-μm wavelength GaxAlyIn1−x−yAs/InP doubleheterostructure laser grown by molecular beam epitaxy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 42(11), 922–924 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Tünnermann, A.

J. Limpert, F. Roser, S. Klingebiel, T. Schreiber, C. Wirth, T. Peschel, R. Eberhardt, and A. Tünnermann, “The Rising Power of Fiber Lasers and Amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 537–545 (2007).
[CrossRef]

O. Schmidt, J. Rothhardt, F. Röser, S. Linke, T. Schreiber, K. Rademaker, J. Limpert, S. Ermeneux, P. Yvernault, F. Salin, and A. Tünnermann, “Millijoule pulse energy Q-switched short-length fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 32(11), 1551–1553 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Turner, P. W.

Utkin, I.

L. Pan, I. Utkin, R. J. Lan, Y. Godwal, and R. Fedosejevs, “High-peak-power subnanosecond passively Q-switched ytterbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 35(7), 895–897 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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Appl. Phys. B

S. Zhang, E. Wu, H. Pan, and H. Zeng, “Q-switched mode-locking with Cr4+:YAG in a diode pumped Nd:GdVO4 laser,” Appl. Phys. B 78(3–4), 335–338 (2004).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

J. Limpert, F. Roser, S. Klingebiel, T. Schreiber, C. Wirth, T. Peschel, R. Eberhardt, and A. Tünnermann, “The Rising Power of Fiber Lasers and Amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 537–545 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

L. Pan, I. Utkin, and R. Fedosejevs, “Passively Q-switched ytterbium-doped double-clad fiber laser with a Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(24), 1979–1981 (2007).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

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[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a)-(c) Schematic diagrams of three periodic AlGaInAs QWs structures. (b) Low-intensity transmittance spectrum of the three QW saturable absorbers.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Setup for the passively Q-switched PCF laser; (b) image of the cross section of PCF.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Average output power with respect to launched pump power in CW and passive Q-switching operations.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Pulse repetition rates in the passive Q-switching operation versus the launched pump power.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Typical oscilloscope traces for the single Q-switched pulses of the lasers with the saturable absorbers of (a) 2 × 30, (b) 3 × 30, and (c) 3 × 50 QWs, respectively.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Typical oscilloscope traces for a train of output pulses of the lasers with the saturable absorbers of (a) 2 × 30, (b) 3 × 30, and (c) 3 × 50 QWs, respectively.

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