Abstract

We experimentally demonstrate the bandwidth enhancement of wavelength conversion in a silicon waveguide based on four-wave mixing (FWM) with two continuous-wave pumps. Our measurement results show 25% bandwidth improvement from 29.8 nm to 37.4 nm in a 17-mm-long silicon waveguide with a pump spacing of 14.9 nm as compared to a single-pump FWM. The experimental results are verified by theoretical calculations and >40% bandwidth enhancement is predicted by further wavelength separation of the two pumps.

© 2010 OSA

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    [CrossRef]

2010

2009

B. G. Lee, A. Biberman, A. C. Turner-Foster, M. A. Foster, M. Lipson, A. L. Gaeta, and K. Bergman, “Demonstration of broadband wavelength conversion at 40 Gb/s in silicon waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(3), 182–184 (2009).
[CrossRef]

X. Zhang, S. Gao, and S. He, “Optimal design of a silicon-on-insulator nanowire waveguide for broadband wavelength conversion,” Prog. Electromagn. Res. 89, 183–198 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

2006

H. Rong, Y.-H. Kuo, A. Liu, M. Paniccia, and O. Cohen, “High efficiency wavelength conversion of 10 Gb/s data in silicon waveguides,” Opt. Express 14(3), 1182–1188 (2006), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-3-1182 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, T. Shoji, and S. Itabashi, “All-optical efficient wavelength conversion using silicon photonic wire waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(9), 1046–1048 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Q. Lin, J. Zhang, P. M. Fauchet, and G. P. Agrawal, “Ultrabroadband parametric generation and wavelength conversion in silicon waveguides,” Opt. Express 14(11), 4786–4799 (2006), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-11-4786 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. C. Turner, C. Manolatou, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, M. A. Foster, J. E. Sharping, and A. L. Gaeta, “Tailored anomalous group-velocity dispersion in silicon channel waveguides,” Opt. Express 14(10), 4357–4362 (2006), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-10-4357 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Jiang, R. Saperstein, N. Alic, M. Nezhad, C. McKinstrie, J. Ford, Y. Fainman, and S. Radic, “Parametric wavelength conversion from conventional near-infrared to visible band,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(23), 2445–2447 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Gao, C. Yang, X. Xiao, Y. Tian, Z. You, and G. Jin, “Bandwidth enhancement and response flattening of cascaded sum- and difference-frequency generation-based wavelength conversion,” Opt. Commun. 266(1), 296–301 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

K. K. Chow, C. Shu, C. Lin, and A. Bjarklev, “Polarization-insensitive widely tunable wavelength converter based on four-wave mixing in a dispersion-flattened nonlinear photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(3), 624–626 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Dimitropoulos, R. Jhaveri, R. Claps, J. C. S. Woo, and B. Jalali, “Lifetime of photogenerated carriers in silicon-on-insulator rib waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(7), 071115 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

S. Gao, C. Yang, and G. Jin, “Flat broad-band wavelength conversion based on sinusoidally chirped optical superlattices in lithium niobate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(2), 557–559 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Agrawal, G. P.

Alic, N.

R. Jiang, R. Saperstein, N. Alic, M. Nezhad, C. McKinstrie, J. Ford, Y. Fainman, and S. Radic, “Parametric wavelength conversion from conventional near-infrared to visible band,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(23), 2445–2447 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bergman, K.

B. G. Lee, A. Biberman, A. C. Turner-Foster, M. A. Foster, M. Lipson, A. L. Gaeta, and K. Bergman, “Demonstration of broadband wavelength conversion at 40 Gb/s in silicon waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(3), 182–184 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Biberman, A.

B. G. Lee, A. Biberman, A. C. Turner-Foster, M. A. Foster, M. Lipson, A. L. Gaeta, and K. Bergman, “Demonstration of broadband wavelength conversion at 40 Gb/s in silicon waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(3), 182–184 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bjarklev, A.

K. K. Chow, C. Shu, C. Lin, and A. Bjarklev, “Polarization-insensitive widely tunable wavelength converter based on four-wave mixing in a dispersion-flattened nonlinear photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(3), 624–626 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Boyraz, O.

Chen, X.

Chow, K. K.

K. K. Chow, C. Shu, C. Lin, and A. Bjarklev, “Polarization-insensitive widely tunable wavelength converter based on four-wave mixing in a dispersion-flattened nonlinear photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(3), 624–626 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Claps, R.

D. Dimitropoulos, R. Jhaveri, R. Claps, J. C. S. Woo, and B. Jalali, “Lifetime of photogenerated carriers in silicon-on-insulator rib waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(7), 071115 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Cohen, O.

Dadap, J. I.

Dimitropoulos, D.

D. Dimitropoulos, R. Jhaveri, R. Claps, J. C. S. Woo, and B. Jalali, “Lifetime of photogenerated carriers in silicon-on-insulator rib waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(7), 071115 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fainman, Y.

R. Jiang, R. Saperstein, N. Alic, M. Nezhad, C. McKinstrie, J. Ford, Y. Fainman, and S. Radic, “Parametric wavelength conversion from conventional near-infrared to visible band,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(23), 2445–2447 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fauchet, P. M.

Ford, J.

R. Jiang, R. Saperstein, N. Alic, M. Nezhad, C. McKinstrie, J. Ford, Y. Fainman, and S. Radic, “Parametric wavelength conversion from conventional near-infrared to visible band,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(23), 2445–2447 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Foster, M. A.

Fukuda, H.

K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, T. Shoji, and S. Itabashi, “All-optical efficient wavelength conversion using silicon photonic wire waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(9), 1046–1048 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gaeta, A. L.

Gao, S.

S. Gao, X. Zhang, Z. Li, and S. He, “Polarization-independent wavelength conversion using an angled-polarization pump in a silicon nanowire waveguide,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 250–256 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Gao, Z. Li, E.-K. Tien, S. He, and O. Boyraz, “Performance evaluation of nondegenerate wavelength conversion in a silicon nanowire waveguide,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28(21), 3079–3085 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Gao, E.-K. Tien, Q. Song, Y. Huang, and O. Boyraz, “Ultra-broadband one-to-two wavelength conversion using low-phase-mismatching four-wave mixing in silicon waveguides,” Opt. Express 18(11), 11898–11903 (2010), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-18-11-11898 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Zhang, S. Gao, and S. He, “Optimal design of a silicon-on-insulator nanowire waveguide for broadband wavelength conversion,” Prog. Electromagn. Res. 89, 183–198 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Gao, C. Yang, X. Xiao, Y. Tian, Z. You, and G. Jin, “Bandwidth enhancement and response flattening of cascaded sum- and difference-frequency generation-based wavelength conversion,” Opt. Commun. 266(1), 296–301 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Gao, C. Yang, and G. Jin, “Flat broad-band wavelength conversion based on sinusoidally chirped optical superlattices in lithium niobate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(2), 557–559 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Green, W. M. J.

He, S.

S. Gao, X. Zhang, Z. Li, and S. He, “Polarization-independent wavelength conversion using an angled-polarization pump in a silicon nanowire waveguide,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 250–256 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Gao, Z. Li, E.-K. Tien, S. He, and O. Boyraz, “Performance evaluation of nondegenerate wavelength conversion in a silicon nanowire waveguide,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28(21), 3079–3085 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. Zhang, S. Gao, and S. He, “Optimal design of a silicon-on-insulator nanowire waveguide for broadband wavelength conversion,” Prog. Electromagn. Res. 89, 183–198 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hsieh, I.-W.

Huang, Y.

Itabashi, S.

K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, T. Shoji, and S. Itabashi, “All-optical efficient wavelength conversion using silicon photonic wire waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(9), 1046–1048 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jalali, B.

D. Dimitropoulos, R. Jhaveri, R. Claps, J. C. S. Woo, and B. Jalali, “Lifetime of photogenerated carriers in silicon-on-insulator rib waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(7), 071115 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jhaveri, R.

D. Dimitropoulos, R. Jhaveri, R. Claps, J. C. S. Woo, and B. Jalali, “Lifetime of photogenerated carriers in silicon-on-insulator rib waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(7), 071115 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, R.

R. Jiang, R. Saperstein, N. Alic, M. Nezhad, C. McKinstrie, J. Ford, Y. Fainman, and S. Radic, “Parametric wavelength conversion from conventional near-infrared to visible band,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(23), 2445–2447 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jin, G.

S. Gao, C. Yang, X. Xiao, Y. Tian, Z. You, and G. Jin, “Bandwidth enhancement and response flattening of cascaded sum- and difference-frequency generation-based wavelength conversion,” Opt. Commun. 266(1), 296–301 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Gao, C. Yang, and G. Jin, “Flat broad-band wavelength conversion based on sinusoidally chirped optical superlattices in lithium niobate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(2), 557–559 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kuo, Y.-H.

Lee, B. G.

B. G. Lee, A. Biberman, A. C. Turner-Foster, M. A. Foster, M. Lipson, A. L. Gaeta, and K. Bergman, “Demonstration of broadband wavelength conversion at 40 Gb/s in silicon waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(3), 182–184 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Li, Z.

S. Gao, Z. Li, E.-K. Tien, S. He, and O. Boyraz, “Performance evaluation of nondegenerate wavelength conversion in a silicon nanowire waveguide,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28(21), 3079–3085 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Gao, X. Zhang, Z. Li, and S. He, “Polarization-independent wavelength conversion using an angled-polarization pump in a silicon nanowire waveguide,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 250–256 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lin, C.

K. K. Chow, C. Shu, C. Lin, and A. Bjarklev, “Polarization-insensitive widely tunable wavelength converter based on four-wave mixing in a dispersion-flattened nonlinear photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(3), 624–626 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lin, Q.

Lipson, M.

Liu, A.

Liu, X.

Manolatou, C.

McKinstrie, C.

R. Jiang, R. Saperstein, N. Alic, M. Nezhad, C. McKinstrie, J. Ford, Y. Fainman, and S. Radic, “Parametric wavelength conversion from conventional near-infrared to visible band,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(23), 2445–2447 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nezhad, M.

R. Jiang, R. Saperstein, N. Alic, M. Nezhad, C. McKinstrie, J. Ford, Y. Fainman, and S. Radic, “Parametric wavelength conversion from conventional near-infrared to visible band,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(23), 2445–2447 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Osgood, R. M.

Paniccia, M.

Radic, S.

R. Jiang, R. Saperstein, N. Alic, M. Nezhad, C. McKinstrie, J. Ford, Y. Fainman, and S. Radic, “Parametric wavelength conversion from conventional near-infrared to visible band,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(23), 2445–2447 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Rong, H.

Salem, R.

Sang, X.

Saperstein, R.

R. Jiang, R. Saperstein, N. Alic, M. Nezhad, C. McKinstrie, J. Ford, Y. Fainman, and S. Radic, “Parametric wavelength conversion from conventional near-infrared to visible band,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(23), 2445–2447 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt, B. S.

Sharping, J. E.

Shoji, T.

K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, T. Shoji, and S. Itabashi, “All-optical efficient wavelength conversion using silicon photonic wire waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(9), 1046–1048 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Shu, C.

K. K. Chow, C. Shu, C. Lin, and A. Bjarklev, “Polarization-insensitive widely tunable wavelength converter based on four-wave mixing in a dispersion-flattened nonlinear photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(3), 624–626 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Song, Q.

Tian, Y.

S. Gao, C. Yang, X. Xiao, Y. Tian, Z. You, and G. Jin, “Bandwidth enhancement and response flattening of cascaded sum- and difference-frequency generation-based wavelength conversion,” Opt. Commun. 266(1), 296–301 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tien, E.-K.

Tsuchizawa, T.

K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, T. Shoji, and S. Itabashi, “All-optical efficient wavelength conversion using silicon photonic wire waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(9), 1046–1048 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Turner, A. C.

Turner-Foster, A. C.

A. C. Turner-Foster, M. A. Foster, R. Salem, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, “Frequency conversion over two-thirds of an octave in silicon nanowaveguides,” Opt. Express 18(3), 1904–1908 (2010), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-18-3-1904 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. G. Lee, A. Biberman, A. C. Turner-Foster, M. A. Foster, M. Lipson, A. L. Gaeta, and K. Bergman, “Demonstration of broadband wavelength conversion at 40 Gb/s in silicon waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(3), 182–184 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Vlasov, Y. A.

Watanabe, T.

K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, T. Shoji, and S. Itabashi, “All-optical efficient wavelength conversion using silicon photonic wire waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(9), 1046–1048 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Woo, J. C. S.

D. Dimitropoulos, R. Jhaveri, R. Claps, J. C. S. Woo, and B. Jalali, “Lifetime of photogenerated carriers in silicon-on-insulator rib waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(7), 071115 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Xiao, X.

S. Gao, C. Yang, X. Xiao, Y. Tian, Z. You, and G. Jin, “Bandwidth enhancement and response flattening of cascaded sum- and difference-frequency generation-based wavelength conversion,” Opt. Commun. 266(1), 296–301 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yamada, K.

K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, T. Shoji, and S. Itabashi, “All-optical efficient wavelength conversion using silicon photonic wire waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(9), 1046–1048 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yang, C.

S. Gao, C. Yang, X. Xiao, Y. Tian, Z. You, and G. Jin, “Bandwidth enhancement and response flattening of cascaded sum- and difference-frequency generation-based wavelength conversion,” Opt. Commun. 266(1), 296–301 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Gao, C. Yang, and G. Jin, “Flat broad-band wavelength conversion based on sinusoidally chirped optical superlattices in lithium niobate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(2), 557–559 (2004).
[CrossRef]

You, Z.

S. Gao, C. Yang, X. Xiao, Y. Tian, Z. You, and G. Jin, “Bandwidth enhancement and response flattening of cascaded sum- and difference-frequency generation-based wavelength conversion,” Opt. Commun. 266(1), 296–301 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J.

Zhang, X.

S. Gao, X. Zhang, Z. Li, and S. He, “Polarization-independent wavelength conversion using an angled-polarization pump in a silicon nanowire waveguide,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 250–256 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. Zhang, S. Gao, and S. He, “Optimal design of a silicon-on-insulator nanowire waveguide for broadband wavelength conversion,” Prog. Electromagn. Res. 89, 183–198 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

D. Dimitropoulos, R. Jhaveri, R. Claps, J. C. S. Woo, and B. Jalali, “Lifetime of photogenerated carriers in silicon-on-insulator rib waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(7), 071115 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

S. Gao, X. Zhang, Z. Li, and S. He, “Polarization-independent wavelength conversion using an angled-polarization pump in a silicon nanowire waveguide,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 250–256 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, T. Shoji, and S. Itabashi, “All-optical efficient wavelength conversion using silicon photonic wire waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(9), 1046–1048 (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. G. Lee, A. Biberman, A. C. Turner-Foster, M. A. Foster, M. Lipson, A. L. Gaeta, and K. Bergman, “Demonstration of broadband wavelength conversion at 40 Gb/s in silicon waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(3), 182–184 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. K. Chow, C. Shu, C. Lin, and A. Bjarklev, “Polarization-insensitive widely tunable wavelength converter based on four-wave mixing in a dispersion-flattened nonlinear photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(3), 624–626 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. Jiang, R. Saperstein, N. Alic, M. Nezhad, C. McKinstrie, J. Ford, Y. Fainman, and S. Radic, “Parametric wavelength conversion from conventional near-infrared to visible band,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(23), 2445–2447 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Gao, C. Yang, and G. Jin, “Flat broad-band wavelength conversion based on sinusoidally chirped optical superlattices in lithium niobate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(2), 557–559 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

Opt. Commun.

S. Gao, C. Yang, X. Xiao, Y. Tian, Z. You, and G. Jin, “Bandwidth enhancement and response flattening of cascaded sum- and difference-frequency generation-based wavelength conversion,” Opt. Commun. 266(1), 296–301 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

A. C. Turner-Foster, M. A. Foster, R. Salem, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, “Frequency conversion over two-thirds of an octave in silicon nanowaveguides,” Opt. Express 18(3), 1904–1908 (2010), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-18-3-1904 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Gao, E.-K. Tien, Q. Song, Y. Huang, and O. Boyraz, “Ultra-broadband one-to-two wavelength conversion using low-phase-mismatching four-wave mixing in silicon waveguides,” Opt. Express 18(11), 11898–11903 (2010), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-18-11-11898 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Rong, Y.-H. Kuo, A. Liu, M. Paniccia, and O. Cohen, “High efficiency wavelength conversion of 10 Gb/s data in silicon waveguides,” Opt. Express 14(3), 1182–1188 (2006), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-3-1182 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. C. Turner, C. Manolatou, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, M. A. Foster, J. E. Sharping, and A. L. Gaeta, “Tailored anomalous group-velocity dispersion in silicon channel waveguides,” Opt. Express 14(10), 4357–4362 (2006), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-10-4357 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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