Abstract

Abstract: We experimentally demonstrate a superior performance of 2.1-Tb/s·km OFDM signal transmission over 100-km long-reach PONs. While the bandwidth of a 100-km SMF transmission system is limited to 4.3 GHz due to positive chirp, we successfully achieve spectrally-efficient 21-Gb/s signaling by using a cost-effective and low-chirp EAM, and adopting the 128-QAM format and adaptive subcarrier pre-emphasis.

© 2010 OSA

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  1. T. Koonen, “Fiber to the Home/Fiber to the Premises: What, Where, and When?” Proc. IEEE 94(5), 911–934 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. George, “Designing passive optical networks for cost effective triple play support,” in Proc. FTTH conference, Orlando, Florida, 4–6 (2004).
  3. K. S. Kim, “On the evolution of PON-based FTTH solutions,” Inf. Sci. 149(1-3), 21–30 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  4. P. D. Townsend, G. Talli, C. W. Chow, E. M. MacHale, C. Antony, R. Davey, T. De Ridder, X. Z. Qiu, P. Ossieur, H. G. Krimmel, D. W. Smith, I. Lealman, A. Poustie, S. Randel, and H. Rohde, “Long Reach Passive Optical Networks,” invited paper ThW1, IEEE LEOS Annual Meeting, Orlando, U.S.A. (2007).
  5. R. Lin, Next Generation PON in Emerging Networks,” paper OWH1, Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), San Diego, California (2008)
  6. T. Pfeiffer, “Converged heterogeneous optical metro-access networks,” paper Tu.5.B.1, 36th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, Torino, Italy (2010).
  7. R. S. Vodhanel, A. F. Elrefaie, M. Z. Iqbal, R. E. Wagner, J. L. Gimlett, and S. Tsuji, “Performance of directly modulated DFB lasers in 10-Gb/s ASK, FSK, and DPSK lightwave systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 8(9), 1379–1386 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. Armstrong, “OFDM for Optical Communications,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(3), 189–204 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  9. L. A. Neto, A. Gharba, P. Chanclou, N. Genay, B. Charbonnier, M. Ouzzif, C. Aupetit-Berthelemot, and J. L. Masson, “High bit rate burst mode optical OFDM for next generation passive optical networks,” paper Tu.3.B.5, 36th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, Torino, Italy (2010).
  10. U. Gliese, S. Norskov, and T. N. Nielsen, “Chromatic dispersion in fiber-optic microwave and millimeter-wave links,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 44(10), 1716–1724 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  11. W.-R. Peng, X. Wu, V. R. Arbab, K.-M. Feng, B. Shamee, L. C. Christen, J.-Y. Yang, A. E. Willner, and S. Chi, “Theoretical and Experimental Investigations of Direct-Detected RF-Tone-Assisted Optical OFDM Systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(10), 1332–1339 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  12. J. Wang and K. Petermann, “Small signal analysis for dispersive optical fiber communication systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 10(1), 96–100 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  13. C.-C. Wei, “Small Signal Analysis of OOFDM Signals Transmission with Directly Modulated Laser and Direct Detection,” Opt. Lett. (to be published).
    [PubMed]
  14. F. Devaux, Y. Sorel, and J. F. Kerdiles, “Simple measurement of fiber dispersion and of chirp parameter of intensity modulated light emitter,” J. Lightwave Technol. 11(12), 1937–1940 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  15. Y.-M. Lin, P.-L. Tien, M. C. Yuang, S. S. W. Lee, J. Chen, S.-Y. Chen, Y.-M. Huang, J.-L. Shih, and C.-H. Hsu, “A novel passive optical network architecture supporting seamless integration of RoF and OFDMA signals,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(6), 419–421 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  16. ITU-T Recommendation G.975.1, Appendix I.9 (2004).

2010

Y.-M. Lin, P.-L. Tien, M. C. Yuang, S. S. W. Lee, J. Chen, S.-Y. Chen, Y.-M. Huang, J.-L. Shih, and C.-H. Hsu, “A novel passive optical network architecture supporting seamless integration of RoF and OFDMA signals,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(6), 419–421 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

2006

T. Koonen, “Fiber to the Home/Fiber to the Premises: What, Where, and When?” Proc. IEEE 94(5), 911–934 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2003

K. S. Kim, “On the evolution of PON-based FTTH solutions,” Inf. Sci. 149(1-3), 21–30 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1996

U. Gliese, S. Norskov, and T. N. Nielsen, “Chromatic dispersion in fiber-optic microwave and millimeter-wave links,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 44(10), 1716–1724 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1993

F. Devaux, Y. Sorel, and J. F. Kerdiles, “Simple measurement of fiber dispersion and of chirp parameter of intensity modulated light emitter,” J. Lightwave Technol. 11(12), 1937–1940 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992

J. Wang and K. Petermann, “Small signal analysis for dispersive optical fiber communication systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 10(1), 96–100 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1990

R. S. Vodhanel, A. F. Elrefaie, M. Z. Iqbal, R. E. Wagner, J. L. Gimlett, and S. Tsuji, “Performance of directly modulated DFB lasers in 10-Gb/s ASK, FSK, and DPSK lightwave systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 8(9), 1379–1386 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Arbab, V. R.

Armstrong, J.

Chen, J.

Y.-M. Lin, P.-L. Tien, M. C. Yuang, S. S. W. Lee, J. Chen, S.-Y. Chen, Y.-M. Huang, J.-L. Shih, and C.-H. Hsu, “A novel passive optical network architecture supporting seamless integration of RoF and OFDMA signals,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(6), 419–421 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chen, S.-Y.

Y.-M. Lin, P.-L. Tien, M. C. Yuang, S. S. W. Lee, J. Chen, S.-Y. Chen, Y.-M. Huang, J.-L. Shih, and C.-H. Hsu, “A novel passive optical network architecture supporting seamless integration of RoF and OFDMA signals,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(6), 419–421 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chi, S.

Christen, L. C.

Devaux, F.

F. Devaux, Y. Sorel, and J. F. Kerdiles, “Simple measurement of fiber dispersion and of chirp parameter of intensity modulated light emitter,” J. Lightwave Technol. 11(12), 1937–1940 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Elrefaie, A. F.

R. S. Vodhanel, A. F. Elrefaie, M. Z. Iqbal, R. E. Wagner, J. L. Gimlett, and S. Tsuji, “Performance of directly modulated DFB lasers in 10-Gb/s ASK, FSK, and DPSK lightwave systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 8(9), 1379–1386 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Feng, K.-M.

Gimlett, J. L.

R. S. Vodhanel, A. F. Elrefaie, M. Z. Iqbal, R. E. Wagner, J. L. Gimlett, and S. Tsuji, “Performance of directly modulated DFB lasers in 10-Gb/s ASK, FSK, and DPSK lightwave systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 8(9), 1379–1386 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Gliese, U.

U. Gliese, S. Norskov, and T. N. Nielsen, “Chromatic dispersion in fiber-optic microwave and millimeter-wave links,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 44(10), 1716–1724 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Hsu, C.-H.

Y.-M. Lin, P.-L. Tien, M. C. Yuang, S. S. W. Lee, J. Chen, S.-Y. Chen, Y.-M. Huang, J.-L. Shih, and C.-H. Hsu, “A novel passive optical network architecture supporting seamless integration of RoF and OFDMA signals,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(6), 419–421 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Huang, Y.-M.

Y.-M. Lin, P.-L. Tien, M. C. Yuang, S. S. W. Lee, J. Chen, S.-Y. Chen, Y.-M. Huang, J.-L. Shih, and C.-H. Hsu, “A novel passive optical network architecture supporting seamless integration of RoF and OFDMA signals,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(6), 419–421 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Iqbal, M. Z.

R. S. Vodhanel, A. F. Elrefaie, M. Z. Iqbal, R. E. Wagner, J. L. Gimlett, and S. Tsuji, “Performance of directly modulated DFB lasers in 10-Gb/s ASK, FSK, and DPSK lightwave systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 8(9), 1379–1386 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Kerdiles, J. F.

F. Devaux, Y. Sorel, and J. F. Kerdiles, “Simple measurement of fiber dispersion and of chirp parameter of intensity modulated light emitter,” J. Lightwave Technol. 11(12), 1937–1940 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kim, K. S.

K. S. Kim, “On the evolution of PON-based FTTH solutions,” Inf. Sci. 149(1-3), 21–30 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Koonen, T.

T. Koonen, “Fiber to the Home/Fiber to the Premises: What, Where, and When?” Proc. IEEE 94(5), 911–934 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S. S. W.

Y.-M. Lin, P.-L. Tien, M. C. Yuang, S. S. W. Lee, J. Chen, S.-Y. Chen, Y.-M. Huang, J.-L. Shih, and C.-H. Hsu, “A novel passive optical network architecture supporting seamless integration of RoF and OFDMA signals,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(6), 419–421 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lin, Y.-M.

Y.-M. Lin, P.-L. Tien, M. C. Yuang, S. S. W. Lee, J. Chen, S.-Y. Chen, Y.-M. Huang, J.-L. Shih, and C.-H. Hsu, “A novel passive optical network architecture supporting seamless integration of RoF and OFDMA signals,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(6), 419–421 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nielsen, T. N.

U. Gliese, S. Norskov, and T. N. Nielsen, “Chromatic dispersion in fiber-optic microwave and millimeter-wave links,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 44(10), 1716–1724 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Norskov, S.

U. Gliese, S. Norskov, and T. N. Nielsen, “Chromatic dispersion in fiber-optic microwave and millimeter-wave links,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 44(10), 1716–1724 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Peng, W.-R.

Petermann, K.

J. Wang and K. Petermann, “Small signal analysis for dispersive optical fiber communication systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 10(1), 96–100 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Shamee, B.

Shih, J.-L.

Y.-M. Lin, P.-L. Tien, M. C. Yuang, S. S. W. Lee, J. Chen, S.-Y. Chen, Y.-M. Huang, J.-L. Shih, and C.-H. Hsu, “A novel passive optical network architecture supporting seamless integration of RoF and OFDMA signals,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(6), 419–421 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sorel, Y.

F. Devaux, Y. Sorel, and J. F. Kerdiles, “Simple measurement of fiber dispersion and of chirp parameter of intensity modulated light emitter,” J. Lightwave Technol. 11(12), 1937–1940 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Tien, P.-L.

Y.-M. Lin, P.-L. Tien, M. C. Yuang, S. S. W. Lee, J. Chen, S.-Y. Chen, Y.-M. Huang, J.-L. Shih, and C.-H. Hsu, “A novel passive optical network architecture supporting seamless integration of RoF and OFDMA signals,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(6), 419–421 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tsuji, S.

R. S. Vodhanel, A. F. Elrefaie, M. Z. Iqbal, R. E. Wagner, J. L. Gimlett, and S. Tsuji, “Performance of directly modulated DFB lasers in 10-Gb/s ASK, FSK, and DPSK lightwave systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 8(9), 1379–1386 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Vodhanel, R. S.

R. S. Vodhanel, A. F. Elrefaie, M. Z. Iqbal, R. E. Wagner, J. L. Gimlett, and S. Tsuji, “Performance of directly modulated DFB lasers in 10-Gb/s ASK, FSK, and DPSK lightwave systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 8(9), 1379–1386 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Wagner, R. E.

R. S. Vodhanel, A. F. Elrefaie, M. Z. Iqbal, R. E. Wagner, J. L. Gimlett, and S. Tsuji, “Performance of directly modulated DFB lasers in 10-Gb/s ASK, FSK, and DPSK lightwave systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 8(9), 1379–1386 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

J. Wang and K. Petermann, “Small signal analysis for dispersive optical fiber communication systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 10(1), 96–100 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Wei, C.-C.

C.-C. Wei, “Small Signal Analysis of OOFDM Signals Transmission with Directly Modulated Laser and Direct Detection,” Opt. Lett. (to be published).
[PubMed]

Willner, A. E.

Wu, X.

Yang, J.-Y.

Yuang, M. C.

Y.-M. Lin, P.-L. Tien, M. C. Yuang, S. S. W. Lee, J. Chen, S.-Y. Chen, Y.-M. Huang, J.-L. Shih, and C.-H. Hsu, “A novel passive optical network architecture supporting seamless integration of RoF and OFDMA signals,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(6), 419–421 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

Y.-M. Lin, P.-L. Tien, M. C. Yuang, S. S. W. Lee, J. Chen, S.-Y. Chen, Y.-M. Huang, J.-L. Shih, and C.-H. Hsu, “A novel passive optical network architecture supporting seamless integration of RoF and OFDMA signals,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(6), 419–421 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.

U. Gliese, S. Norskov, and T. N. Nielsen, “Chromatic dispersion in fiber-optic microwave and millimeter-wave links,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 44(10), 1716–1724 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Inf. Sci.

K. S. Kim, “On the evolution of PON-based FTTH solutions,” Inf. Sci. 149(1-3), 21–30 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

R. S. Vodhanel, A. F. Elrefaie, M. Z. Iqbal, R. E. Wagner, J. L. Gimlett, and S. Tsuji, “Performance of directly modulated DFB lasers in 10-Gb/s ASK, FSK, and DPSK lightwave systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 8(9), 1379–1386 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. Armstrong, “OFDM for Optical Communications,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(3), 189–204 (2009).
[CrossRef]

W.-R. Peng, X. Wu, V. R. Arbab, K.-M. Feng, B. Shamee, L. C. Christen, J.-Y. Yang, A. E. Willner, and S. Chi, “Theoretical and Experimental Investigations of Direct-Detected RF-Tone-Assisted Optical OFDM Systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(10), 1332–1339 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang and K. Petermann, “Small signal analysis for dispersive optical fiber communication systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 10(1), 96–100 (1992).
[CrossRef]

F. Devaux, Y. Sorel, and J. F. Kerdiles, “Simple measurement of fiber dispersion and of chirp parameter of intensity modulated light emitter,” J. Lightwave Technol. 11(12), 1937–1940 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

C.-C. Wei, “Small Signal Analysis of OOFDM Signals Transmission with Directly Modulated Laser and Direct Detection,” Opt. Lett. (to be published).
[PubMed]

Proc. IEEE

T. Koonen, “Fiber to the Home/Fiber to the Premises: What, Where, and When?” Proc. IEEE 94(5), 911–934 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Other

J. George, “Designing passive optical networks for cost effective triple play support,” in Proc. FTTH conference, Orlando, Florida, 4–6 (2004).

L. A. Neto, A. Gharba, P. Chanclou, N. Genay, B. Charbonnier, M. Ouzzif, C. Aupetit-Berthelemot, and J. L. Masson, “High bit rate burst mode optical OFDM for next generation passive optical networks,” paper Tu.3.B.5, 36th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, Torino, Italy (2010).

P. D. Townsend, G. Talli, C. W. Chow, E. M. MacHale, C. Antony, R. Davey, T. De Ridder, X. Z. Qiu, P. Ossieur, H. G. Krimmel, D. W. Smith, I. Lealman, A. Poustie, S. Randel, and H. Rohde, “Long Reach Passive Optical Networks,” invited paper ThW1, IEEE LEOS Annual Meeting, Orlando, U.S.A. (2007).

R. Lin, Next Generation PON in Emerging Networks,” paper OWH1, Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), San Diego, California (2008)

T. Pfeiffer, “Converged heterogeneous optical metro-access networks,” paper Tu.5.B.1, 36th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, Torino, Italy (2010).

ITU-T Recommendation G.975.1, Appendix I.9 (2004).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

3-dB bandwidth of SMF transmission system as a function of the chirp parameter.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Measured frequency responses of an EAM-based signal after 100-km SMF.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Experimental setup of the OFDM transmission system.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Optical power loss and (b) chirp parameter and 3-dB bandwidth at 100-km SMF of the EAM as functions of bias voltage.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

SNR of each subcarrier with parameters optimized at (a) back-to-back, (b) 50 km, and (c) 100 km, and (d) the profiles of corresponding subcarrier pre-emphasis.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

BER and constellations of OFDM signals (dash line denotes the FEC limit).

Equations (2)

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f 3dB 2 = tan 1 α tan 1 1 + 2 α 2 2 π 2 β 2 L .
α = tan ( 2 π 2 β 2 L f null 2 + π 2 )

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