Abstract

We report a high performance phase modulation direct detection microwave photonic link employing a photonic chip as a frequency discriminator. The photonic chip consists of five optical ring resonators (ORRs) which are fully programmable using thermo-optical tuning. In this discriminator a drop-port response of an ORR is cascaded with a through response of another ORR to yield a linear phase modulation (PM) to intensity modulation (IM) conversion. The balanced photonic link employing the PM to IM conversion exhibits high second-order and third-order input intercept points of + 46 dBm and + 36 dBm, respectively, which are simultaneously achieved at one bias point.

© 2010 OSA

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  1. E. I. Ackerman, G. E. Betts, W. K. Burns, J. C. Campbell, C. H. Cox, N. Duan, J. L. Prince, M. D. Regan, and H. V. Roussell, “Signal-to-noise performance of two analog photonic links using different noise reduction techniques,” in Proc. IEEE/MTT-S Int. Microwave Symp., pp. 51–54 (2007)
  2. D. Marpaung, C. Roeloffzen, and W. van Etten, “Enhanced dynamic range in a directly modulated analog photonic link,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(24), 1810–1812 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  3. Y. Li, R. Wang, G. Ding, J. Klamkin, L. Johansson, P. Herczfeld, and J. E. Bowers, “Novel phase modulator linearity measurement,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(19), 1405–1407 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. J. LaGasse and S. Thaniyavarn, “Bias-free high-dynamic-range phase-modulated fiber-optic link,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9(5), 681–683 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  5. T. E. Darcie, J. Zhang, P. F. Driessen, and J.-J. Eun, “Class-B microwave- photonic link using optical frequency modulation and linear frequency discriminators,” J. Lightwave Technol. 25(1), 157–164 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. Wyrwas and M. Wu, “Dynamic range of frequency modulated direct-detection analog fiber optic link,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(24), 5552–5562 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. Wyrwas, and M. Wu, “High dynamic range microwave photonic links using maximally linear FIR optical filters,” OFC/NFOEC, Los Angeles, CA, 2010, paper JWA43.
  8. X. Xie, J. Khurgin, J. Kang, and F. Choa, “Compact linearized optical FM discriminator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(3), 384–386 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  9. X. Xie, J. Khurgin, J. Kang, and F. Choa, “Ring-assisted frequency discriminator with improved linearity,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(8), 1136–1138 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  10. F. Liu, T. Wang, Z. Zhang, M. Qiu, and Y. Su, “On-chip photonic generation of ultra-wideband monocycle pulses,” Electron. Lett. 45(24), 1247–1248 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  11. D. Marpaung, C. Roeloffzen, R. Timens, A. Leinse, and M. Hoekman, “Design and realization of an integrated optical frequency modulation discriminator for a high performance microwave photonic link,” IEEE Topical meeting in Microwave Photonics (MWP 2010), Montreal, Canada, 131–134, (2010).
  12. F. Morichetti, A. Melloni, M. Martinelli, R. É. G. Heideman, A. Leinse, D. H. Geuzebroek, and A. Borreman, “Box-shaped dielectric waveguides: A new concept in integrated optics?” J. Lightwave Technol. 25(9), 2579–2589 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  13. C. G. H. Roeloffzen, L. Zhuang, R. G. Heideman, A. Borreman, and W. van Etten, “Ring resonator-based tunable optical delay line in LPCVD waveguide technology,” in Proc. IEEE/LEOS Benelux Chapter, 10th Symp., pp. 71–74, (2005).
  14. R. G. Heideman, A. Leinse, W. Hoving, R. Dekker, D. H. Geuzebroek, E. J. Klein, R. Stoffer, C. G. H. Roeloffzen, L. Zhuang, and A. Meijerink, “Large-Scale Integrated Optics using TriPleX Waveguide Technology: From UV to IR,” Proc. SPIE 7221, 72210R–1 - 72210R–15 (2009).
  15. J. Zhang, and T. E. Darcie, “Two-tone analysis of distortion suppression in microwave photonic links using phase modulation and fiber-Bragg grating filters,” International Symposium on Signals, Systems and Electronics, Montreal, Quebec, (2007).
  16. J. D. McKinney, K. Colladay, and K. J. Williams, “Linearization of phase-modulated analog optical links employing interferometric detection,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(9), 1212–1220 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  17. V. Urick, M. Godinez, P. Devgan, J. McKinney, and F. Bucholtz, “Analysis of an analog fiber-optic link employing a low-biased Mach–Zehnder modulator followed by an erbium-doped fiber amplifier,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(12), 2013–2019 (2009).
    [CrossRef]

2009 (6)

D. Marpaung, C. Roeloffzen, and W. van Etten, “Enhanced dynamic range in a directly modulated analog photonic link,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(24), 1810–1812 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Li, R. Wang, G. Ding, J. Klamkin, L. Johansson, P. Herczfeld, and J. E. Bowers, “Novel phase modulator linearity measurement,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(19), 1405–1407 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. Liu, T. Wang, Z. Zhang, M. Qiu, and Y. Su, “On-chip photonic generation of ultra-wideband monocycle pulses,” Electron. Lett. 45(24), 1247–1248 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. D. McKinney, K. Colladay, and K. J. Williams, “Linearization of phase-modulated analog optical links employing interferometric detection,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(9), 1212–1220 (2009).
[CrossRef]

V. Urick, M. Godinez, P. Devgan, J. McKinney, and F. Bucholtz, “Analysis of an analog fiber-optic link employing a low-biased Mach–Zehnder modulator followed by an erbium-doped fiber amplifier,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(12), 2013–2019 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Wyrwas and M. Wu, “Dynamic range of frequency modulated direct-detection analog fiber optic link,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(24), 5552–5562 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

2002 (2)

X. Xie, J. Khurgin, J. Kang, and F. Choa, “Compact linearized optical FM discriminator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(3), 384–386 (2002).
[CrossRef]

X. Xie, J. Khurgin, J. Kang, and F. Choa, “Ring-assisted frequency discriminator with improved linearity,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(8), 1136–1138 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

M. J. LaGasse and S. Thaniyavarn, “Bias-free high-dynamic-range phase-modulated fiber-optic link,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9(5), 681–683 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Borreman, A.

Bowers, J. E.

Y. Li, R. Wang, G. Ding, J. Klamkin, L. Johansson, P. Herczfeld, and J. E. Bowers, “Novel phase modulator linearity measurement,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(19), 1405–1407 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bucholtz, F.

Choa, F.

X. Xie, J. Khurgin, J. Kang, and F. Choa, “Compact linearized optical FM discriminator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(3), 384–386 (2002).
[CrossRef]

X. Xie, J. Khurgin, J. Kang, and F. Choa, “Ring-assisted frequency discriminator with improved linearity,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(8), 1136–1138 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Colladay, K.

Darcie, T. E.

Devgan, P.

Ding, G.

Y. Li, R. Wang, G. Ding, J. Klamkin, L. Johansson, P. Herczfeld, and J. E. Bowers, “Novel phase modulator linearity measurement,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(19), 1405–1407 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Driessen, P. F.

Eun, J.-J.

Geuzebroek, D. H.

Godinez, M.

Heideman, R. É. G.

Herczfeld, P.

Y. Li, R. Wang, G. Ding, J. Klamkin, L. Johansson, P. Herczfeld, and J. E. Bowers, “Novel phase modulator linearity measurement,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(19), 1405–1407 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Johansson, L.

Y. Li, R. Wang, G. Ding, J. Klamkin, L. Johansson, P. Herczfeld, and J. E. Bowers, “Novel phase modulator linearity measurement,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(19), 1405–1407 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kang, J.

X. Xie, J. Khurgin, J. Kang, and F. Choa, “Compact linearized optical FM discriminator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(3), 384–386 (2002).
[CrossRef]

X. Xie, J. Khurgin, J. Kang, and F. Choa, “Ring-assisted frequency discriminator with improved linearity,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(8), 1136–1138 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Khurgin, J.

X. Xie, J. Khurgin, J. Kang, and F. Choa, “Ring-assisted frequency discriminator with improved linearity,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(8), 1136–1138 (2002).
[CrossRef]

X. Xie, J. Khurgin, J. Kang, and F. Choa, “Compact linearized optical FM discriminator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(3), 384–386 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Klamkin, J.

Y. Li, R. Wang, G. Ding, J. Klamkin, L. Johansson, P. Herczfeld, and J. E. Bowers, “Novel phase modulator linearity measurement,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(19), 1405–1407 (2009).
[CrossRef]

LaGasse, M. J.

M. J. LaGasse and S. Thaniyavarn, “Bias-free high-dynamic-range phase-modulated fiber-optic link,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9(5), 681–683 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Leinse, A.

Li, Y.

Y. Li, R. Wang, G. Ding, J. Klamkin, L. Johansson, P. Herczfeld, and J. E. Bowers, “Novel phase modulator linearity measurement,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(19), 1405–1407 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Liu, F.

F. Liu, T. Wang, Z. Zhang, M. Qiu, and Y. Su, “On-chip photonic generation of ultra-wideband monocycle pulses,” Electron. Lett. 45(24), 1247–1248 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Marpaung, D.

D. Marpaung, C. Roeloffzen, and W. van Etten, “Enhanced dynamic range in a directly modulated analog photonic link,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(24), 1810–1812 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Martinelli, M.

McKinney, J.

McKinney, J. D.

Melloni, A.

Morichetti, F.

Qiu, M.

F. Liu, T. Wang, Z. Zhang, M. Qiu, and Y. Su, “On-chip photonic generation of ultra-wideband monocycle pulses,” Electron. Lett. 45(24), 1247–1248 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Roeloffzen, C.

D. Marpaung, C. Roeloffzen, and W. van Etten, “Enhanced dynamic range in a directly modulated analog photonic link,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(24), 1810–1812 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Su, Y.

F. Liu, T. Wang, Z. Zhang, M. Qiu, and Y. Su, “On-chip photonic generation of ultra-wideband monocycle pulses,” Electron. Lett. 45(24), 1247–1248 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Thaniyavarn, S.

M. J. LaGasse and S. Thaniyavarn, “Bias-free high-dynamic-range phase-modulated fiber-optic link,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9(5), 681–683 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Urick, V.

van Etten, W.

D. Marpaung, C. Roeloffzen, and W. van Etten, “Enhanced dynamic range in a directly modulated analog photonic link,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(24), 1810–1812 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, R.

Y. Li, R. Wang, G. Ding, J. Klamkin, L. Johansson, P. Herczfeld, and J. E. Bowers, “Novel phase modulator linearity measurement,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(19), 1405–1407 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, T.

F. Liu, T. Wang, Z. Zhang, M. Qiu, and Y. Su, “On-chip photonic generation of ultra-wideband monocycle pulses,” Electron. Lett. 45(24), 1247–1248 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Williams, K. J.

Wu, M.

Wyrwas, J.

Xie, X.

X. Xie, J. Khurgin, J. Kang, and F. Choa, “Compact linearized optical FM discriminator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(3), 384–386 (2002).
[CrossRef]

X. Xie, J. Khurgin, J. Kang, and F. Choa, “Ring-assisted frequency discriminator with improved linearity,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(8), 1136–1138 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J.

Zhang, Z.

F. Liu, T. Wang, Z. Zhang, M. Qiu, and Y. Su, “On-chip photonic generation of ultra-wideband monocycle pulses,” Electron. Lett. 45(24), 1247–1248 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

F. Liu, T. Wang, Z. Zhang, M. Qiu, and Y. Su, “On-chip photonic generation of ultra-wideband monocycle pulses,” Electron. Lett. 45(24), 1247–1248 (2009).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (5)

D. Marpaung, C. Roeloffzen, and W. van Etten, “Enhanced dynamic range in a directly modulated analog photonic link,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(24), 1810–1812 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Li, R. Wang, G. Ding, J. Klamkin, L. Johansson, P. Herczfeld, and J. E. Bowers, “Novel phase modulator linearity measurement,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(19), 1405–1407 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. J. LaGasse and S. Thaniyavarn, “Bias-free high-dynamic-range phase-modulated fiber-optic link,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9(5), 681–683 (1997).
[CrossRef]

X. Xie, J. Khurgin, J. Kang, and F. Choa, “Compact linearized optical FM discriminator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(3), 384–386 (2002).
[CrossRef]

X. Xie, J. Khurgin, J. Kang, and F. Choa, “Ring-assisted frequency discriminator with improved linearity,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(8), 1136–1138 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (5)

Other (6)

E. I. Ackerman, G. E. Betts, W. K. Burns, J. C. Campbell, C. H. Cox, N. Duan, J. L. Prince, M. D. Regan, and H. V. Roussell, “Signal-to-noise performance of two analog photonic links using different noise reduction techniques,” in Proc. IEEE/MTT-S Int. Microwave Symp., pp. 51–54 (2007)

J. Wyrwas, and M. Wu, “High dynamic range microwave photonic links using maximally linear FIR optical filters,” OFC/NFOEC, Los Angeles, CA, 2010, paper JWA43.

D. Marpaung, C. Roeloffzen, R. Timens, A. Leinse, and M. Hoekman, “Design and realization of an integrated optical frequency modulation discriminator for a high performance microwave photonic link,” IEEE Topical meeting in Microwave Photonics (MWP 2010), Montreal, Canada, 131–134, (2010).

C. G. H. Roeloffzen, L. Zhuang, R. G. Heideman, A. Borreman, and W. van Etten, “Ring resonator-based tunable optical delay line in LPCVD waveguide technology,” in Proc. IEEE/LEOS Benelux Chapter, 10th Symp., pp. 71–74, (2005).

R. G. Heideman, A. Leinse, W. Hoving, R. Dekker, D. H. Geuzebroek, E. J. Klein, R. Stoffer, C. G. H. Roeloffzen, L. Zhuang, and A. Meijerink, “Large-Scale Integrated Optics using TriPleX Waveguide Technology: From UV to IR,” Proc. SPIE 7221, 72210R–1 - 72210R–15 (2009).

J. Zhang, and T. E. Darcie, “Two-tone analysis of distortion suppression in microwave photonic links using phase modulation and fiber-Bragg grating filters,” International Symposium on Signals, Systems and Electronics, Montreal, Quebec, (2007).

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