Abstract

The recovery of an optical carrier with the deletion of its amplitude modulation is introduced using a deeply saturated ultra-long semiconductor optical amplifier (UL-SOA). The experimental results were achieved for input signal bit rates up to 12.5 Gbps with high extinction ratio (up to 13.9 dB). The influence of parameters such as UL-SOA bias current, optical bandwidth, signal input power, modulation depth and bit rate are analyzed including the carrier spectral broadening effects due to the self-phase modulation effect.

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References

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  1. S. Ho, E. Conforti, and S. M. Kang, “Monolithic optical equalizer array for wavelength-reusable and topology-reconfigurable WDM local area network,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference of Lasers and Electro-optics Society (IEEE, 1993), pp. 416–417.
  2. S. Ho, E. Conforti, and S. M. Kang, “LDOT – Life-range delimitation optical transceiver for fast routing and multicasting in wavelength division multiplex (WDM) local area networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 1994), paper WN3.
  3. E. Conforti, C. M. Gallep, S. Ho, A. C. Bordonalli, and S. M. Kang, “Carrier reuse with gain compression and feed-forward semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 50(1), 77–81 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  4. N. J. Frigo, P. P. Iannone, P. D. Magill, T. E. Darcie, M. M. Downs, B. N. Sesai, U. Koren, T. L. Koch, C. Dragone, H. M. Presby, and G. E. Bodeep, “A wavelength-division multiplexed passive optical network with cost-shared components,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6(11), 1365–1367 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  5. T. S. J. Park, C. H. Lee, K. T. Jeong, H. J. Park, J. G. Ahn, and K. H. Song, “Fiber-to-the-home services based on wavelength-division-multiplexing passive optical networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 22(11), 2582–2591 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. Sharma, H. Ibe, and T. Ozeki, “WDM ring network using a centralized multiwavelength light source and add-drop multiplexing filters,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15(6), 917–929 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  7. H. Takesue and T. Sugie, “Wavelength channel data rewrite using saturated SOA modulator for WDM networks with centralized light sources,” J. Lightwave Technol. 21(11), 2546–2556 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  8. K. C. Reichmann, N. J. Frigo, and P. P. Iannone, “Wavelength registration in WDM ring networks by reconstitution of dropped optical carriers,” in Proceeding of European Conference on Optical Communication (1999), pp. I-136–137.
  9. H. Takesue, N Yoshimoto, Y Shibata, T Ito, Y Tohmori, and T Sugie, “Wavelength channel data rewrite using semiconductor optical saturator/modulator,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 2347–2354 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. H. Yu, N. Kim, and B. W. Kim, “Remodulation schemes with reflective SOA for colorless DWDM PON,” J. Opt. Netw. 6(8), 1041–1054 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  11. Z. Xu, Y. J. Wen, W. D. Zhong, M. Attygall, X. Cheng, Y. Wan, T. Hiang Cheng, and C. Lu, “WDM-PON architectures with a single shared interferometric filter for carrier-reuse upstream transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol. 25(12), 3669–3677 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  12. N. S. Ribeiro, A. R. L. Cavalcante, C. M. Gallep, and E. Conforti, “Optical Carrier data erasing using saturated ultra-long semiconductor optical amplifier,” in Proceedings of Photonics Society Annual Meeting (2010), pp. MM 5.
  13. P. Runge, C. A. Bunge, and K. Petermann, “All-optical wavelength conversion with extinction ratio improvement of 100 Gb/s RZ-signals in ultralong bulk semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(6), 937–944 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  14. G. Bramann, H. J. Wunsche, U. Busolt, C. Schimidt, M. Schlak, B. Sartorius, and H. P. Nolting, “Two-wave competition in ultralong semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41(10), 1260–1267 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  15. G. P. Agrawal, Semiconductor Lasers (John Willey & Sons, 1993).
  16. C. M. Gallep, A. L. R. Cavalcante, N. S. Ribeiro, and E. Conforti, “Non-homogeneous current injection for the enhancement of semiconductor optical amplifier-based wavelength converters,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 48(6), 1141–1144 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  17. G. P. Agrawal and N. A. Olsson, “Self-phase modulation and spectral broadening of optical pulses in semiconductor laser amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25(11), 2297–2306 (1989).
    [CrossRef]

2010 (1)

P. Runge, C. A. Bunge, and K. Petermann, “All-optical wavelength conversion with extinction ratio improvement of 100 Gb/s RZ-signals in ultralong bulk semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(6), 937–944 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

2006 (2)

H. Takesue, N Yoshimoto, Y Shibata, T Ito, Y Tohmori, and T Sugie, “Wavelength channel data rewrite using semiconductor optical saturator/modulator,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 2347–2354 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. M. Gallep, A. L. R. Cavalcante, N. S. Ribeiro, and E. Conforti, “Non-homogeneous current injection for the enhancement of semiconductor optical amplifier-based wavelength converters,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 48(6), 1141–1144 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

G. Bramann, H. J. Wunsche, U. Busolt, C. Schimidt, M. Schlak, B. Sartorius, and H. P. Nolting, “Two-wave competition in ultralong semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41(10), 1260–1267 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

2003 (1)

2002 (1)

E. Conforti, C. M. Gallep, S. Ho, A. C. Bordonalli, and S. M. Kang, “Carrier reuse with gain compression and feed-forward semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 50(1), 77–81 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

M. Sharma, H. Ibe, and T. Ozeki, “WDM ring network using a centralized multiwavelength light source and add-drop multiplexing filters,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15(6), 917–929 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

N. J. Frigo, P. P. Iannone, P. D. Magill, T. E. Darcie, M. M. Downs, B. N. Sesai, U. Koren, T. L. Koch, C. Dragone, H. M. Presby, and G. E. Bodeep, “A wavelength-division multiplexed passive optical network with cost-shared components,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6(11), 1365–1367 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

G. P. Agrawal and N. A. Olsson, “Self-phase modulation and spectral broadening of optical pulses in semiconductor laser amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25(11), 2297–2306 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal and N. A. Olsson, “Self-phase modulation and spectral broadening of optical pulses in semiconductor laser amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25(11), 2297–2306 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Ahn, J. G.

Attygall, M.

Bodeep, G. E.

N. J. Frigo, P. P. Iannone, P. D. Magill, T. E. Darcie, M. M. Downs, B. N. Sesai, U. Koren, T. L. Koch, C. Dragone, H. M. Presby, and G. E. Bodeep, “A wavelength-division multiplexed passive optical network with cost-shared components,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6(11), 1365–1367 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Bordonalli, A. C.

E. Conforti, C. M. Gallep, S. Ho, A. C. Bordonalli, and S. M. Kang, “Carrier reuse with gain compression and feed-forward semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 50(1), 77–81 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Bramann, G.

G. Bramann, H. J. Wunsche, U. Busolt, C. Schimidt, M. Schlak, B. Sartorius, and H. P. Nolting, “Two-wave competition in ultralong semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41(10), 1260–1267 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bunge, C. A.

P. Runge, C. A. Bunge, and K. Petermann, “All-optical wavelength conversion with extinction ratio improvement of 100 Gb/s RZ-signals in ultralong bulk semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(6), 937–944 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Busolt, U.

G. Bramann, H. J. Wunsche, U. Busolt, C. Schimidt, M. Schlak, B. Sartorius, and H. P. Nolting, “Two-wave competition in ultralong semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41(10), 1260–1267 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Cavalcante, A. L. R.

C. M. Gallep, A. L. R. Cavalcante, N. S. Ribeiro, and E. Conforti, “Non-homogeneous current injection for the enhancement of semiconductor optical amplifier-based wavelength converters,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 48(6), 1141–1144 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, X.

Conforti, E.

C. M. Gallep, A. L. R. Cavalcante, N. S. Ribeiro, and E. Conforti, “Non-homogeneous current injection for the enhancement of semiconductor optical amplifier-based wavelength converters,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 48(6), 1141–1144 (2006).
[CrossRef]

E. Conforti, C. M. Gallep, S. Ho, A. C. Bordonalli, and S. M. Kang, “Carrier reuse with gain compression and feed-forward semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 50(1), 77–81 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Darcie, T. E.

N. J. Frigo, P. P. Iannone, P. D. Magill, T. E. Darcie, M. M. Downs, B. N. Sesai, U. Koren, T. L. Koch, C. Dragone, H. M. Presby, and G. E. Bodeep, “A wavelength-division multiplexed passive optical network with cost-shared components,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6(11), 1365–1367 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Downs, M. M.

N. J. Frigo, P. P. Iannone, P. D. Magill, T. E. Darcie, M. M. Downs, B. N. Sesai, U. Koren, T. L. Koch, C. Dragone, H. M. Presby, and G. E. Bodeep, “A wavelength-division multiplexed passive optical network with cost-shared components,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6(11), 1365–1367 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Dragone, C.

N. J. Frigo, P. P. Iannone, P. D. Magill, T. E. Darcie, M. M. Downs, B. N. Sesai, U. Koren, T. L. Koch, C. Dragone, H. M. Presby, and G. E. Bodeep, “A wavelength-division multiplexed passive optical network with cost-shared components,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6(11), 1365–1367 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Frigo, N. J.

N. J. Frigo, P. P. Iannone, P. D. Magill, T. E. Darcie, M. M. Downs, B. N. Sesai, U. Koren, T. L. Koch, C. Dragone, H. M. Presby, and G. E. Bodeep, “A wavelength-division multiplexed passive optical network with cost-shared components,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6(11), 1365–1367 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Gallep, C. M.

C. M. Gallep, A. L. R. Cavalcante, N. S. Ribeiro, and E. Conforti, “Non-homogeneous current injection for the enhancement of semiconductor optical amplifier-based wavelength converters,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 48(6), 1141–1144 (2006).
[CrossRef]

E. Conforti, C. M. Gallep, S. Ho, A. C. Bordonalli, and S. M. Kang, “Carrier reuse with gain compression and feed-forward semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 50(1), 77–81 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hiang Cheng, T.

Ho, S.

E. Conforti, C. M. Gallep, S. Ho, A. C. Bordonalli, and S. M. Kang, “Carrier reuse with gain compression and feed-forward semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 50(1), 77–81 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Iannone, P. P.

N. J. Frigo, P. P. Iannone, P. D. Magill, T. E. Darcie, M. M. Downs, B. N. Sesai, U. Koren, T. L. Koch, C. Dragone, H. M. Presby, and G. E. Bodeep, “A wavelength-division multiplexed passive optical network with cost-shared components,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6(11), 1365–1367 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Ibe, H.

M. Sharma, H. Ibe, and T. Ozeki, “WDM ring network using a centralized multiwavelength light source and add-drop multiplexing filters,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15(6), 917–929 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ito, T

Jeong, K. T.

Kang, S. M.

E. Conforti, C. M. Gallep, S. Ho, A. C. Bordonalli, and S. M. Kang, “Carrier reuse with gain compression and feed-forward semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 50(1), 77–81 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kim, B. W.

Kim, N.

Koch, T. L.

N. J. Frigo, P. P. Iannone, P. D. Magill, T. E. Darcie, M. M. Downs, B. N. Sesai, U. Koren, T. L. Koch, C. Dragone, H. M. Presby, and G. E. Bodeep, “A wavelength-division multiplexed passive optical network with cost-shared components,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6(11), 1365–1367 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Koren, U.

N. J. Frigo, P. P. Iannone, P. D. Magill, T. E. Darcie, M. M. Downs, B. N. Sesai, U. Koren, T. L. Koch, C. Dragone, H. M. Presby, and G. E. Bodeep, “A wavelength-division multiplexed passive optical network with cost-shared components,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6(11), 1365–1367 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Lee, C. H.

Lu, C.

Magill, P. D.

N. J. Frigo, P. P. Iannone, P. D. Magill, T. E. Darcie, M. M. Downs, B. N. Sesai, U. Koren, T. L. Koch, C. Dragone, H. M. Presby, and G. E. Bodeep, “A wavelength-division multiplexed passive optical network with cost-shared components,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6(11), 1365–1367 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Nolting, H. P.

G. Bramann, H. J. Wunsche, U. Busolt, C. Schimidt, M. Schlak, B. Sartorius, and H. P. Nolting, “Two-wave competition in ultralong semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41(10), 1260–1267 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Olsson, N. A.

G. P. Agrawal and N. A. Olsson, “Self-phase modulation and spectral broadening of optical pulses in semiconductor laser amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25(11), 2297–2306 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Ozeki, T.

M. Sharma, H. Ibe, and T. Ozeki, “WDM ring network using a centralized multiwavelength light source and add-drop multiplexing filters,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15(6), 917–929 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Park, H. J.

Park, T. S. J.

Petermann, K.

P. Runge, C. A. Bunge, and K. Petermann, “All-optical wavelength conversion with extinction ratio improvement of 100 Gb/s RZ-signals in ultralong bulk semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(6), 937–944 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Presby, H. M.

N. J. Frigo, P. P. Iannone, P. D. Magill, T. E. Darcie, M. M. Downs, B. N. Sesai, U. Koren, T. L. Koch, C. Dragone, H. M. Presby, and G. E. Bodeep, “A wavelength-division multiplexed passive optical network with cost-shared components,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6(11), 1365–1367 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Ribeiro, N. S.

C. M. Gallep, A. L. R. Cavalcante, N. S. Ribeiro, and E. Conforti, “Non-homogeneous current injection for the enhancement of semiconductor optical amplifier-based wavelength converters,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 48(6), 1141–1144 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Runge, P.

P. Runge, C. A. Bunge, and K. Petermann, “All-optical wavelength conversion with extinction ratio improvement of 100 Gb/s RZ-signals in ultralong bulk semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(6), 937–944 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sartorius, B.

G. Bramann, H. J. Wunsche, U. Busolt, C. Schimidt, M. Schlak, B. Sartorius, and H. P. Nolting, “Two-wave competition in ultralong semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41(10), 1260–1267 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Schimidt, C.

G. Bramann, H. J. Wunsche, U. Busolt, C. Schimidt, M. Schlak, B. Sartorius, and H. P. Nolting, “Two-wave competition in ultralong semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41(10), 1260–1267 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Schlak, M.

G. Bramann, H. J. Wunsche, U. Busolt, C. Schimidt, M. Schlak, B. Sartorius, and H. P. Nolting, “Two-wave competition in ultralong semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41(10), 1260–1267 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sesai, B. N.

N. J. Frigo, P. P. Iannone, P. D. Magill, T. E. Darcie, M. M. Downs, B. N. Sesai, U. Koren, T. L. Koch, C. Dragone, H. M. Presby, and G. E. Bodeep, “A wavelength-division multiplexed passive optical network with cost-shared components,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6(11), 1365–1367 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Sharma, M.

M. Sharma, H. Ibe, and T. Ozeki, “WDM ring network using a centralized multiwavelength light source and add-drop multiplexing filters,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15(6), 917–929 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Shibata, Y

Song, K. H.

Sugie, T

Sugie, T.

Takesue, H.

Tohmori, Y

Wan, Y.

Wen, Y. J.

Wunsche, H. J.

G. Bramann, H. J. Wunsche, U. Busolt, C. Schimidt, M. Schlak, B. Sartorius, and H. P. Nolting, “Two-wave competition in ultralong semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41(10), 1260–1267 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Xu, Z.

Yoshimoto, N

Yu, J. H.

Zhong, W. D.

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (3)

P. Runge, C. A. Bunge, and K. Petermann, “All-optical wavelength conversion with extinction ratio improvement of 100 Gb/s RZ-signals in ultralong bulk semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(6), 937–944 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Bramann, H. J. Wunsche, U. Busolt, C. Schimidt, M. Schlak, B. Sartorius, and H. P. Nolting, “Two-wave competition in ultralong semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41(10), 1260–1267 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. P. Agrawal and N. A. Olsson, “Self-phase modulation and spectral broadening of optical pulses in semiconductor laser amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25(11), 2297–2306 (1989).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

N. J. Frigo, P. P. Iannone, P. D. Magill, T. E. Darcie, M. M. Downs, B. N. Sesai, U. Koren, T. L. Koch, C. Dragone, H. M. Presby, and G. E. Bodeep, “A wavelength-division multiplexed passive optical network with cost-shared components,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6(11), 1365–1367 (1994).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. (1)

E. Conforti, C. M. Gallep, S. Ho, A. C. Bordonalli, and S. M. Kang, “Carrier reuse with gain compression and feed-forward semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 50(1), 77–81 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (5)

J. Opt. Netw. (1)

Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. (1)

C. M. Gallep, A. L. R. Cavalcante, N. S. Ribeiro, and E. Conforti, “Non-homogeneous current injection for the enhancement of semiconductor optical amplifier-based wavelength converters,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 48(6), 1141–1144 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Other (5)

G. P. Agrawal, Semiconductor Lasers (John Willey & Sons, 1993).

K. C. Reichmann, N. J. Frigo, and P. P. Iannone, “Wavelength registration in WDM ring networks by reconstitution of dropped optical carriers,” in Proceeding of European Conference on Optical Communication (1999), pp. I-136–137.

N. S. Ribeiro, A. R. L. Cavalcante, C. M. Gallep, and E. Conforti, “Optical Carrier data erasing using saturated ultra-long semiconductor optical amplifier,” in Proceedings of Photonics Society Annual Meeting (2010), pp. MM 5.

S. Ho, E. Conforti, and S. M. Kang, “Monolithic optical equalizer array for wavelength-reusable and topology-reconfigurable WDM local area network,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference of Lasers and Electro-optics Society (IEEE, 1993), pp. 416–417.

S. Ho, E. Conforti, and S. M. Kang, “LDOT – Life-range delimitation optical transceiver for fast routing and multicasting in wavelength division multiplex (WDM) local area networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 1994), paper WN3.

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup: L1 – continuous wave tunable laser; mod – Mach-Zehnder amplitude modulator; SOA – linear semiconductor optical amplifier; PC – optical polarization controller; UL-SOA – Ultra-Long SOA, OSA – optical spectrum analyzer.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Eye diagrams of 7 Gbps signal - original downstream: (a) Q-factor = 9.14, ERin = 8.74 dB and (c) Q-factor = 5.3, ERin = 2.47 dB; erased downstream signal (IUL-SOA = 1.2 A): (b) ERout = 0.63 dB and (d) ERout = 0.27 dB.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

ODE for 2, 7, and 12.5 Gbps: (a) ERout versus UL-SOA bias current for Pin = 3.1 dB; (b) ERout versus Pin for UL-SOA bias current of 50 + 250 + 250 + 50 mA.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

ERout versus input optical power for different UL-SOA bias current.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

ERout versus input optical power for different Pin.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

ERout for different ERin as a function of: (a) UL-SOA bias current (Pin = 4.5 dBm); (b) input optical power (UL-SOA bias current of 1.2 A).

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Output ODE optical spectra (7Gbps) for different ERin for the case with bias current and input optical power of 480 mA and 4.74 dBm, respectively.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Output extinction ratio (ERout ) versus wavelength for two different input extinction ratio (ERin ) with UL-SOA bias current and bit rate of 1.2 A and 12.5 Gbps, respectively.

Equations (1)

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E R = 10 log  [ ( P t o p P d a r k ) ( P b a s e P d a r k ) ]

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