Abstract

We describe theoretical and experimental results on near-field interaction of two-dimensionally (2D) arrayed, high-permittivity spherical particles on a substrate in the Mie resonance scattering domain for surface nano-patterning processing. When a touching particle pair of Mie resonance particles on the substrate is considered, an electromagnetic mode different from the single particle mode is excited inside the particles, resulting in an intensity enhancement in a gap between two hotspots at particle-substrate contact points. As for 2D hexagonal close-packed particle arrays on the substrate, the refractive index of particle exhibiting a maximal enhancement factor for the 2D particle arrays is found to be shifted from the Mie resonance conditions for the single particle system.

© 2010 OSA

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  31. Z. B. Wang, W. Guo, B. Luk'yanchuk, D. J. Whitehead, L. Li, and Z. Liu, “Optical Near-field Interaction between Neighbouring Micro/Nano-Particles,” J. Laser Micro/Nanoeng. 3(1), 14–18 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  37. L. Miao, P. Jin, K. Kaneko, A. Terai, N. Nabatova-Gabain, and S. Tanemura, “Preparation and characterization of polycrystalline anatase and rutile TiO2 thin films by rf magnetron sputtering,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 212–213, 255–263 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2010 (4)

T. C. Chong, M. H. Hong, and L. P. Shi, “Laser precision engineering: from microfabrication to nanoprocessing,” Laser Photon. Rev. 4(1), 123–143 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Sakai, Y. Tanaka, Y. Nishizawa, M. Terakawa, and M. Obara, “Size parameter effect of dielectric small particle mediated nano-hole patterning on silicon wafer by femtosecond laser,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 99(1), 39–46 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tanaka, G. Obara, A. Zenidaka, M. Terakawa, and M. Obara, “Femtosecond laser near-field nano-ablation patterning using Mie resonance high dielectric constant particle with small size parameter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(26), 261103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Imamova, A. Dikovska, N. Nedyalkov, P. Atanasov, M. Sawczak, R. Jendrzejewski, G. Sliwinski, and M. Obara, “Laser nanostructuring of thin Au films for application in surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy,” J. Optoelectron. Adv. Mater. 12, 500–504 (2010).

2009 (4)

Y. Tanaka, N. N. Nedyalkov, and M. Obara, “Enhanced near-field distribution inside substrates mediated with gold particle: optical vortex and bifurcation,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 97(1), 91–98 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Hayashi, Y. Takeuchi, S. Hayashi, and M. Fujii, “Quenching-free fluorescence enhancement on nonmetallic particle layers: Rhodamine B on GaP particle layers,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 480(1-3), 100–104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. M. Huang, Z. A. Wang, Z. Sun, Z. B. Wang, and B. Luk’yanchuk, “Theoretical and experimental investigation of the near field under ordered silica spheres on substrate,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 96(2), 459–466 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tanaka and M. Obara, “Comparison of Resonant Plasmon Polaritons with Mie Scattering for Laser-Induced Near-Field Nanopatterning: Metallic Particle vs Dielectric Particle,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 48(12), 122002 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (3)

Z. B. Wang, W. Guo, B. Luk'yanchuk, D. J. Whitehead, L. Li, and Z. Liu, “Optical Near-field Interaction between Neighbouring Micro/Nano-Particles,” J. Laser Micro/Nanoeng. 3(1), 14–18 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. O. Pinchuk and G. C. Schatz, “Nanoparticle optical properties: Far- and near-field electrodynamic coupling in a chain of silver spherical nanoparticles,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 149(3), 251–258 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Ghoshal and P. G. Kik, “Theory and simulation of surface plasmon excitation using resonant metal nanoparticle arrays,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(11), 113111 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (6)

C. Genet and T. W. Ebbesen, “Light in tiny holes,” Nature 445(7123), 39–46 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. N. Nedyalkov, P. A. Atanasov, and M. Obara, “Near-field properties of a gold nanoparticle array on different substrates excited by a femtosecond laser,” Nanotechnology 18(30), 305703 (2007).
[CrossRef]

N. N. Nedyalkov, T. Sakai, T. Miyanishi, and M. Obara, “Near field distribution in two dimensionally arrayed gold nanoparticles on platinum substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(12), 123106 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Atanasov, N. N. Nedyalkov, T. Sakai, and M. Obara, “Localization of the electromagnetic field in the vicinity of gold nanoparticles: Surface modification of different substrates,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 254(4), 794–798 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Foteinopoulou, J. P. Vigneron, and C. Vandenbem, “Optical near-field excitations on plasmonic nanoparticle-based structures,” Opt. Express 15(7), 4253–4267 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. M. Bakker, A. Boltasseva, Z. Liu, R. H. Pedersen, S. Gresillon, A. V. Kildishev, V. P. Drachev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Near-field excitation of nanoantenna resonance,” Opt. Express 15(21), 13682–13688 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (6)

I. Romero, J. Aizpurua, G. W. Bryant, and F. J. García De Abajo, “Plasmons in nearly touching metallic nanoparticles: singular response in the limit of touching dimers,” Opt. Express 14(21), 9988–9999 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Plech, V. Kotaidis, M. Lorenc, and J. Boneberg, “Femtosecond laser near-field ablation from gold nanoparticles,” Nat. Phys. 2(1), 44–47 (2006).
[CrossRef]

N. N. Nedyalkov, H. Takada, and M. Obara, “Nanostructuring of silicon surface by femtosecond laser pulse mediated with enhanced near-field of gold nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 85(2), 163–168 (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. S. Luk’yanchuk and V. Ternovsky, “Light scattering by a thin wire with a surface-plasmon resonance: Bifurcations of the Poynting vector field,” Phys. Rev. B 73(23), 235432 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. I. Tribelsky and B. S. Luk’yanchuk, “Anomalous light scattering by small particles,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(26), 263902 (2006).
[CrossRef]

N. N. Nedyalkov, T. Sakai, T. Miyanishi, and M. Obara, “Near field properties in the vicinity of gold nanoparticles placed on various substrates for precise nanostructuring,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 39(23), 5037–5042 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (3)

L. A. Sweatlock, S. A. Maier, H. A. Atwater, J. J. Penninkhof, and A. Polman, “Highly confined electromagnetic fields in arrays of strongly coupled Ag nanoparticles,” Phys. Rev. B 71(23), 235408 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Zou and G. C. Schatz, “Silver nanoparticle array structures that produce giant enhancements in electromagnetic fields,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 403(1-3), 62–67 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Xiao, J. P. Huang, and K. W. Yu, “Optical response of strongly coupled metal nanoparticles in dimer arrays,” Phys. Rev. B 71(4), 045404 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

P. Leiderer, C. Bartels, J. König-Birk, M. Mosbacher, and J. Boneberg, “Imaging optical near-fields of nanostructures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(22), 5370–5372 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

L. Miao, P. Jin, K. Kaneko, A. Terai, N. Nabatova-Gabain, and S. Tanemura, “Preparation and characterization of polycrystalline anatase and rutile TiO2 thin films by rf magnetron sputtering,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 212–213, 255–263 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

S. M. Huang, M. H. Hong, B. S. Luk’yanchuk, Y. W. Zheng, W. D. Song, Y. F. Lu, and T. C. Chong, “Pulsed laser-assisted surface structuring with optical near-field enhanced effects,” J. Appl. Phys. 92(5), 2495–2500 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

X. W. Sun and H. S. Kwok, “Optical properties of epitaxially grown zinc oxide films on sapphire by pulsed laser deposition,” J. Appl. Phys. 86(1), 408 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

H. Miyazaki and K. Ohtaka, “Near-field images of a monolayer of periodically arrayed dielectric spheres,” Phys. Rev. B 58(11), 6920–6937 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

S. Nie and S. R. Emory, “Probing Single Molecules and Single Nanoparticles by Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering,” Science 275(5303), 1102–1106 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1996 (2)

A. Vertikov, M. Kuball, A. V. Nurmikko, and H. J. Maris, “Time-resolved pump-probe experiments with subwavelength lateral resolution,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69(17), 2465–2467 (1996).
[CrossRef]

K. Ohtaka and Y. Tanabe, “Photonic Bands Using Vector Spherical Waves. II. Reflectivity, Coherence and Local Field,” J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 65(7), 2276–2284 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

A. R. Forouhi and I. Bloomer, “Optical dispersion relations for amorphous semiconductors and amorphous dielectrics,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 34(10), 7018–7026 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1981 (1)

B. Messinger, K. von Raben, R. Chang, and P. Barber, “Local fields at the surface of noble-metal microspheres,” Phys. Rev. B 24(2), 649–657 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1972 (2)

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical Constants of the Noble Metals,” Phys. Rev. B 6(12), 4370–4379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

E. A. Ash and G. Nicholls, “Super-resolution aperture scanning microscope,” Nature 237(5357), 510–512 (1972).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1908 (1)

G. Mie, “Beiträ ge zur Optik trü ber Medien, speziell kolloidaler Metallö sungen,” Ann. Phys. 330(3), 377–445 (1908).
[CrossRef]

Aizpurua, J.

Ash, E. A.

E. A. Ash and G. Nicholls, “Super-resolution aperture scanning microscope,” Nature 237(5357), 510–512 (1972).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Atanasov, P.

S. Imamova, A. Dikovska, N. Nedyalkov, P. Atanasov, M. Sawczak, R. Jendrzejewski, G. Sliwinski, and M. Obara, “Laser nanostructuring of thin Au films for application in surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy,” J. Optoelectron. Adv. Mater. 12, 500–504 (2010).

Atanasov, P. A.

P. A. Atanasov, N. N. Nedyalkov, T. Sakai, and M. Obara, “Localization of the electromagnetic field in the vicinity of gold nanoparticles: Surface modification of different substrates,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 254(4), 794–798 (2007).
[CrossRef]

N. N. Nedyalkov, P. A. Atanasov, and M. Obara, “Near-field properties of a gold nanoparticle array on different substrates excited by a femtosecond laser,” Nanotechnology 18(30), 305703 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Atwater, H. A.

L. A. Sweatlock, S. A. Maier, H. A. Atwater, J. J. Penninkhof, and A. Polman, “Highly confined electromagnetic fields in arrays of strongly coupled Ag nanoparticles,” Phys. Rev. B 71(23), 235408 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bakker, R. M.

Barber, P.

B. Messinger, K. von Raben, R. Chang, and P. Barber, “Local fields at the surface of noble-metal microspheres,” Phys. Rev. B 24(2), 649–657 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Bartels, C.

P. Leiderer, C. Bartels, J. König-Birk, M. Mosbacher, and J. Boneberg, “Imaging optical near-fields of nanostructures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(22), 5370–5372 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bloomer, I.

A. R. Forouhi and I. Bloomer, “Optical dispersion relations for amorphous semiconductors and amorphous dielectrics,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 34(10), 7018–7026 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Boltasseva, A.

Boneberg, J.

A. Plech, V. Kotaidis, M. Lorenc, and J. Boneberg, “Femtosecond laser near-field ablation from gold nanoparticles,” Nat. Phys. 2(1), 44–47 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Leiderer, C. Bartels, J. König-Birk, M. Mosbacher, and J. Boneberg, “Imaging optical near-fields of nanostructures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(22), 5370–5372 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bryant, G. W.

Chang, R.

B. Messinger, K. von Raben, R. Chang, and P. Barber, “Local fields at the surface of noble-metal microspheres,” Phys. Rev. B 24(2), 649–657 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Chong, T. C.

T. C. Chong, M. H. Hong, and L. P. Shi, “Laser precision engineering: from microfabrication to nanoprocessing,” Laser Photon. Rev. 4(1), 123–143 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. M. Huang, M. H. Hong, B. S. Luk’yanchuk, Y. W. Zheng, W. D. Song, Y. F. Lu, and T. C. Chong, “Pulsed laser-assisted surface structuring with optical near-field enhanced effects,” J. Appl. Phys. 92(5), 2495–2500 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Christy, R. W.

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical Constants of the Noble Metals,” Phys. Rev. B 6(12), 4370–4379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Dikovska, A.

S. Imamova, A. Dikovska, N. Nedyalkov, P. Atanasov, M. Sawczak, R. Jendrzejewski, G. Sliwinski, and M. Obara, “Laser nanostructuring of thin Au films for application in surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy,” J. Optoelectron. Adv. Mater. 12, 500–504 (2010).

Drachev, V. P.

Ebbesen, T. W.

C. Genet and T. W. Ebbesen, “Light in tiny holes,” Nature 445(7123), 39–46 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Emory, S. R.

S. Nie and S. R. Emory, “Probing Single Molecules and Single Nanoparticles by Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering,” Science 275(5303), 1102–1106 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Forouhi, A. R.

A. R. Forouhi and I. Bloomer, “Optical dispersion relations for amorphous semiconductors and amorphous dielectrics,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 34(10), 7018–7026 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Foteinopoulou, S.

Fujii, M.

S. Hayashi, Y. Takeuchi, S. Hayashi, and M. Fujii, “Quenching-free fluorescence enhancement on nonmetallic particle layers: Rhodamine B on GaP particle layers,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 480(1-3), 100–104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

García De Abajo, F. J.

Genet, C.

C. Genet and T. W. Ebbesen, “Light in tiny holes,” Nature 445(7123), 39–46 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ghoshal, A.

A. Ghoshal and P. G. Kik, “Theory and simulation of surface plasmon excitation using resonant metal nanoparticle arrays,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(11), 113111 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gresillon, S.

Guo, W.

Z. B. Wang, W. Guo, B. Luk'yanchuk, D. J. Whitehead, L. Li, and Z. Liu, “Optical Near-field Interaction between Neighbouring Micro/Nano-Particles,” J. Laser Micro/Nanoeng. 3(1), 14–18 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hayashi, S.

S. Hayashi, Y. Takeuchi, S. Hayashi, and M. Fujii, “Quenching-free fluorescence enhancement on nonmetallic particle layers: Rhodamine B on GaP particle layers,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 480(1-3), 100–104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Hayashi, Y. Takeuchi, S. Hayashi, and M. Fujii, “Quenching-free fluorescence enhancement on nonmetallic particle layers: Rhodamine B on GaP particle layers,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 480(1-3), 100–104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hong, M. H.

T. C. Chong, M. H. Hong, and L. P. Shi, “Laser precision engineering: from microfabrication to nanoprocessing,” Laser Photon. Rev. 4(1), 123–143 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. M. Huang, M. H. Hong, B. S. Luk’yanchuk, Y. W. Zheng, W. D. Song, Y. F. Lu, and T. C. Chong, “Pulsed laser-assisted surface structuring with optical near-field enhanced effects,” J. Appl. Phys. 92(5), 2495–2500 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Huang, J. P.

J. J. Xiao, J. P. Huang, and K. W. Yu, “Optical response of strongly coupled metal nanoparticles in dimer arrays,” Phys. Rev. B 71(4), 045404 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Huang, S. M.

S. M. Huang, Z. A. Wang, Z. Sun, Z. B. Wang, and B. Luk’yanchuk, “Theoretical and experimental investigation of the near field under ordered silica spheres on substrate,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 96(2), 459–466 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. M. Huang, M. H. Hong, B. S. Luk’yanchuk, Y. W. Zheng, W. D. Song, Y. F. Lu, and T. C. Chong, “Pulsed laser-assisted surface structuring with optical near-field enhanced effects,” J. Appl. Phys. 92(5), 2495–2500 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Imamova, S.

S. Imamova, A. Dikovska, N. Nedyalkov, P. Atanasov, M. Sawczak, R. Jendrzejewski, G. Sliwinski, and M. Obara, “Laser nanostructuring of thin Au films for application in surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy,” J. Optoelectron. Adv. Mater. 12, 500–504 (2010).

Jendrzejewski, R.

S. Imamova, A. Dikovska, N. Nedyalkov, P. Atanasov, M. Sawczak, R. Jendrzejewski, G. Sliwinski, and M. Obara, “Laser nanostructuring of thin Au films for application in surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy,” J. Optoelectron. Adv. Mater. 12, 500–504 (2010).

Jin, P.

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A. Vertikov, M. Kuball, A. V. Nurmikko, and H. J. Maris, “Time-resolved pump-probe experiments with subwavelength lateral resolution,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69(17), 2465–2467 (1996).
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[CrossRef]

S. Imamova, A. Dikovska, N. Nedyalkov, P. Atanasov, M. Sawczak, R. Jendrzejewski, G. Sliwinski, and M. Obara, “Laser nanostructuring of thin Au films for application in surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy,” J. Optoelectron. Adv. Mater. 12, 500–504 (2010).

Y. Tanaka, N. N. Nedyalkov, and M. Obara, “Enhanced near-field distribution inside substrates mediated with gold particle: optical vortex and bifurcation,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 97(1), 91–98 (2009).
[CrossRef]

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N. N. Nedyalkov, P. A. Atanasov, and M. Obara, “Near-field properties of a gold nanoparticle array on different substrates excited by a femtosecond laser,” Nanotechnology 18(30), 305703 (2007).
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N. N. Nedyalkov, T. Sakai, T. Miyanishi, and M. Obara, “Near field distribution in two dimensionally arrayed gold nanoparticles on platinum substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(12), 123106 (2007).
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N. N. Nedyalkov, T. Sakai, T. Miyanishi, and M. Obara, “Near field properties in the vicinity of gold nanoparticles placed on various substrates for precise nanostructuring,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 39(23), 5037–5042 (2006).
[CrossRef]

N. N. Nedyalkov, H. Takada, and M. Obara, “Nanostructuring of silicon surface by femtosecond laser pulse mediated with enhanced near-field of gold nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 85(2), 163–168 (2006).
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Sakai, T.

T. Sakai, Y. Tanaka, Y. Nishizawa, M. Terakawa, and M. Obara, “Size parameter effect of dielectric small particle mediated nano-hole patterning on silicon wafer by femtosecond laser,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 99(1), 39–46 (2010).
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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

N. N. Nedyalkov, T. Sakai, T. Miyanishi, and M. Obara, “Near field properties in the vicinity of gold nanoparticles placed on various substrates for precise nanostructuring,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 39(23), 5037–5042 (2006).
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S. Imamova, A. Dikovska, N. Nedyalkov, P. Atanasov, M. Sawczak, R. Jendrzejewski, G. Sliwinski, and M. Obara, “Laser nanostructuring of thin Au films for application in surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy,” J. Optoelectron. Adv. Mater. 12, 500–504 (2010).

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A. O. Pinchuk and G. C. Schatz, “Nanoparticle optical properties: Far- and near-field electrodynamic coupling in a chain of silver spherical nanoparticles,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 149(3), 251–258 (2008).
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S. M. Huang, M. H. Hong, B. S. Luk’yanchuk, Y. W. Zheng, W. D. Song, Y. F. Lu, and T. C. Chong, “Pulsed laser-assisted surface structuring with optical near-field enhanced effects,” J. Appl. Phys. 92(5), 2495–2500 (2002).
[CrossRef]

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X. W. Sun and H. S. Kwok, “Optical properties of epitaxially grown zinc oxide films on sapphire by pulsed laser deposition,” J. Appl. Phys. 86(1), 408 (1999).
[CrossRef]

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S. M. Huang, Z. A. Wang, Z. Sun, Z. B. Wang, and B. Luk’yanchuk, “Theoretical and experimental investigation of the near field under ordered silica spheres on substrate,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 96(2), 459–466 (2009).
[CrossRef]

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L. A. Sweatlock, S. A. Maier, H. A. Atwater, J. J. Penninkhof, and A. Polman, “Highly confined electromagnetic fields in arrays of strongly coupled Ag nanoparticles,” Phys. Rev. B 71(23), 235408 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Takada, H.

N. N. Nedyalkov, H. Takada, and M. Obara, “Nanostructuring of silicon surface by femtosecond laser pulse mediated with enhanced near-field of gold nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 85(2), 163–168 (2006).
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[CrossRef]

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T. Sakai, Y. Tanaka, Y. Nishizawa, M. Terakawa, and M. Obara, “Size parameter effect of dielectric small particle mediated nano-hole patterning on silicon wafer by femtosecond laser,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 99(1), 39–46 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tanaka, G. Obara, A. Zenidaka, M. Terakawa, and M. Obara, “Femtosecond laser near-field nano-ablation patterning using Mie resonance high dielectric constant particle with small size parameter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(26), 261103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tanaka, N. N. Nedyalkov, and M. Obara, “Enhanced near-field distribution inside substrates mediated with gold particle: optical vortex and bifurcation,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 97(1), 91–98 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tanaka and M. Obara, “Comparison of Resonant Plasmon Polaritons with Mie Scattering for Laser-Induced Near-Field Nanopatterning: Metallic Particle vs Dielectric Particle,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 48(12), 122002 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tanemura, S.

L. Miao, P. Jin, K. Kaneko, A. Terai, N. Nabatova-Gabain, and S. Tanemura, “Preparation and characterization of polycrystalline anatase and rutile TiO2 thin films by rf magnetron sputtering,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 212–213, 255–263 (2003).
[CrossRef]

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L. Miao, P. Jin, K. Kaneko, A. Terai, N. Nabatova-Gabain, and S. Tanemura, “Preparation and characterization of polycrystalline anatase and rutile TiO2 thin films by rf magnetron sputtering,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 212–213, 255–263 (2003).
[CrossRef]

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T. Sakai, Y. Tanaka, Y. Nishizawa, M. Terakawa, and M. Obara, “Size parameter effect of dielectric small particle mediated nano-hole patterning on silicon wafer by femtosecond laser,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 99(1), 39–46 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tanaka, G. Obara, A. Zenidaka, M. Terakawa, and M. Obara, “Femtosecond laser near-field nano-ablation patterning using Mie resonance high dielectric constant particle with small size parameter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(26), 261103 (2010).
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B. S. Luk’yanchuk and V. Ternovsky, “Light scattering by a thin wire with a surface-plasmon resonance: Bifurcations of the Poynting vector field,” Phys. Rev. B 73(23), 235432 (2006).
[CrossRef]

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M. I. Tribelsky and B. S. Luk’yanchuk, “Anomalous light scattering by small particles,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(26), 263902 (2006).
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Vandenbem, C.

Vertikov, A.

A. Vertikov, M. Kuball, A. V. Nurmikko, and H. J. Maris, “Time-resolved pump-probe experiments with subwavelength lateral resolution,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69(17), 2465–2467 (1996).
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B. Messinger, K. von Raben, R. Chang, and P. Barber, “Local fields at the surface of noble-metal microspheres,” Phys. Rev. B 24(2), 649–657 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Z. A.

S. M. Huang, Z. A. Wang, Z. Sun, Z. B. Wang, and B. Luk’yanchuk, “Theoretical and experimental investigation of the near field under ordered silica spheres on substrate,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 96(2), 459–466 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Z. B.

S. M. Huang, Z. A. Wang, Z. Sun, Z. B. Wang, and B. Luk’yanchuk, “Theoretical and experimental investigation of the near field under ordered silica spheres on substrate,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 96(2), 459–466 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Z. B. Wang, W. Guo, B. Luk'yanchuk, D. J. Whitehead, L. Li, and Z. Liu, “Optical Near-field Interaction between Neighbouring Micro/Nano-Particles,” J. Laser Micro/Nanoeng. 3(1), 14–18 (2008).
[CrossRef]

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Z. B. Wang, W. Guo, B. Luk'yanchuk, D. J. Whitehead, L. Li, and Z. Liu, “Optical Near-field Interaction between Neighbouring Micro/Nano-Particles,” J. Laser Micro/Nanoeng. 3(1), 14–18 (2008).
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Y. Tanaka, G. Obara, A. Zenidaka, M. Terakawa, and M. Obara, “Femtosecond laser near-field nano-ablation patterning using Mie resonance high dielectric constant particle with small size parameter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(26), 261103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

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S. M. Huang, M. H. Hong, B. S. Luk’yanchuk, Y. W. Zheng, W. D. Song, Y. F. Lu, and T. C. Chong, “Pulsed laser-assisted surface structuring with optical near-field enhanced effects,” J. Appl. Phys. 92(5), 2495–2500 (2002).
[CrossRef]

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S. Zou and G. C. Schatz, “Silver nanoparticle array structures that produce giant enhancements in electromagnetic fields,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 403(1-3), 62–67 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ann. Phys. (1)

G. Mie, “Beiträ ge zur Optik trü ber Medien, speziell kolloidaler Metallö sungen,” Ann. Phys. 330(3), 377–445 (1908).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

Y. Tanaka, G. Obara, A. Zenidaka, M. Terakawa, and M. Obara, “Femtosecond laser near-field nano-ablation patterning using Mie resonance high dielectric constant particle with small size parameter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(26), 261103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Vertikov, M. Kuball, A. V. Nurmikko, and H. J. Maris, “Time-resolved pump-probe experiments with subwavelength lateral resolution,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69(17), 2465–2467 (1996).
[CrossRef]

P. Leiderer, C. Bartels, J. König-Birk, M. Mosbacher, and J. Boneberg, “Imaging optical near-fields of nanostructures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(22), 5370–5372 (2004).
[CrossRef]

N. N. Nedyalkov, T. Sakai, T. Miyanishi, and M. Obara, “Near field distribution in two dimensionally arrayed gold nanoparticles on platinum substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(12), 123106 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. (4)

Y. Tanaka, N. N. Nedyalkov, and M. Obara, “Enhanced near-field distribution inside substrates mediated with gold particle: optical vortex and bifurcation,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 97(1), 91–98 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. M. Huang, Z. A. Wang, Z. Sun, Z. B. Wang, and B. Luk’yanchuk, “Theoretical and experimental investigation of the near field under ordered silica spheres on substrate,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 96(2), 459–466 (2009).
[CrossRef]

N. N. Nedyalkov, H. Takada, and M. Obara, “Nanostructuring of silicon surface by femtosecond laser pulse mediated with enhanced near-field of gold nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 85(2), 163–168 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Sakai, Y. Tanaka, Y. Nishizawa, M. Terakawa, and M. Obara, “Size parameter effect of dielectric small particle mediated nano-hole patterning on silicon wafer by femtosecond laser,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 99(1), 39–46 (2010).
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Appl. Surf. Sci. (2)

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Figures (11)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(Color online) Schematic of a simulation model and definition of x-y-z coordinate system for FDTD simulation. We analyzed three systems of a single particle, a touching particle pair and 2D hexagonal close-packed particle array.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(Color online) Near-field efficiency of a particle with various diameters (D = λ, λ/2, λ/4) in air as a function of refractive index of particle.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(Color online) Simulated enhancement factor of optical intensity when a particle with 200 nm diameter placed on Si substrate is irradiated by incident wavelength of 800 nm (D = λ/4) or 400 nm (D = λ/2), as a function of refractive index of particle. Enhancement factors on substrate surface (z = 2.5 nm; xy plane between particle and substrate) and inside substrate (z = −2.5 nm; xy plane beneath particle inside substrate) are shown.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(Color online) Optical intensity distribution on xz plane when a single particle or a touching particle pair of different material particle is placed on Si substrate. Figure 4(a) and 4(e) show the cases of 200 nm gold particle (n = 0.16 + 5.083i, λ = 820 nm) whose size corresponds to the TM1 resonance mode with the excitation wavelength of 800 nm. Figure 4(b) and 4(f) show the cases of 200 nm Si particle (n = 3.68 + 0.005i, λ = 800 nm) whose refractive index is close to the index of TE1 resonance scattering mode with irradiation wavelength of 800 nm (D = λ/4). Figure 4(c) and 4(g) show the cases of 200 nm amorphous TiO2 particle (n = 2.66 + 0.024i, λ = 400 nm) whose refractive index is close to that of TE2 resonance scattering mode with irradiation wavelength of 400 nm (D = λ/2). Figure 4(d) and 4(h) show the cases of 800 nm polystyrene particle (n = 1.58, λ = 800 nm) which are commonly used at irradiation wavelength of 800 nm (D = λ).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(Color online) Poynting vector distribution on xz plane when a single particle or a touching particle pair of 200 nm amorphous TiO2 particle placed on Si substrate is irradiated by 400 nm laser. (a) single particle, (b) particle pair.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(Color online) Optical intensity distribution on xy plane inside substrate surface (z = −2.5 nm) and SEM images of fabricated nanoholes by using a single particle or a touching particle pair of 200 nm amorphous TiO2 particle with the irradiation of 400 nm femtosecond laser. (a) intensity distribution on xy plane with a single particle, (b) SEM image of fabricated nanohole with a single particle (laser fluence 40 mJ/cm2), (c) intensity distribution on xy plane with a particle pair, (d) SEM image of fabricated nanohole pair with a particle pair (laser fluence 72 mJ/cm2), (e) SEM image of fabricated nanohole pair with a particle pair (laser fluence 108 mJ/cm2).

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

(Color online) Intensity distribution and Poynting vector distribution on xz plane when applying 2D hexagonally close-packed amorphous TiO2 particles with diameter of 200 nm on Si substrate at the excitation wavelength of 400 nm. (a) intensity distribution, (b) Poynting vector distribution.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

(Color online) SEM images of fabricated nanohole array on Si substrate using 2D particle array of 200 nm amorphous TiO2 particles at 400 nm femtosecond laser irradiation of different laser fluences. (a) laser fluence: 61 mJ/cm2, (b) laser fluence: 118 mJ/cm2, (c) laser fluence: 133 mJ/cm2.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

(Color online) Evaluated factors for intensity enhancement when the hexagonally close-packed particle array with the diameter of 200 nm is placed on Si substrate, as a function of particle’s refractive index (λ = 400 nm). The blue line shows the enhancement factor of intensity inside substrate beneath particle-substrate contact point [x = 0 nm, z = −2.5 nm in Fig. 7(a)]. The green line show the enhancement ratio of intensity beneath particle-substrate contact points [x = 0 nm, z = −2.5 nm in Fig. 7(a)] divided by that at the gap of the contact points [x = 100 nm, z = −2.5 nm in Fig. 7(a)] which is evaluated as a guidepost for avoiding combination of nanoholes. The red line shows the enhancement factor of maximal intensity around particle array above substrate. The gray dashed line shows the enhancement factor of intensity inside substrate beneath particle-substrate contact point for single particle case.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

(Color online) Intensity distribution inside Si substrate on xz plane when applying a single particle of 200 nm amorphous TiO2 particle and 2D particle array of 200 nm amorphous TiO2 particles, 200 nm ZnO particles and 200 nm poly-rutile TiO2 particles with irradiation wavelength of 400 nm. (a) single particle of 200 nm amorphous TiO2 particle (n = 2.66 + 0.024i) on Si substrate, (b) 2D particle array of 200 nm amorphous TiO2 particles (n = 2.66 + 0.024i) on Si substrate, (c) 2D particle array of 200 nm ZnO particles (n = 2.18) on Si substrate, (d) 2D particle array of 200 nm poly-rutile TiO2 particles (n = 3.182 + 0.00145i) on Si substrate.

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

(Color online) Poynting vector distribution on xz plane when applying 2D particle array of ZnO particles and poly-rutile TiO2 particles on Si substrate (λ = 400 nm). (a) ZnO particle array on Si substrate and (b) poly-rutile TiO2 particle array on Si substrate.

Equations (1)

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Q = n f 2 n = 1 { | a n | 2 [ ( n + 1 ) | h n 1 ( 2 ) ( k o a ) | 2 + n | h n + 1 ( 2 ) ( k o a ) | 2 ] + ( 2 n + 1 ) | b n | 2 | h n ( 2 ) ( k o a ) | 2 } ,

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