Abstract

This work presents a new methodology to design patterned circular polarizers consisting of in-cell polarizers, in-cell retarders and biaxial films to achieve very wide viewing freedom for stereoscopic 3D color LCDs. The biaxial films with least materials and simple fabrication concepts are employed for off-axis compensation of the in-cell retarders. In the best result, the crosstalk ratio is less than 0.035 or 0.0082 respectively for over ± 60° or ± 40° viewing cone of the 3D display. As to the normal view of the proposed structure with glasses or LCD rotation, the crosstalk ratio is less than 0.11%, with 93.5% improvement as compared with the ± λ/4 patterned polarizer. The dispersion properties of materials have been considered in all simulations to mimic real situations.

© 2010 OSA

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2009 (1)

Y. C. Yang and D. K. Yang, “Analytic expressions of optical retardation of biaxial compensation films for liquid crystal displays,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 11(10), 105502 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (4)

C. T. Lee, C. H. Tsai, and H. Y. Lin, “The Improvement of In-cell Microretarder for Stereoscopic LCD Fabrication,” Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 39, 448–451 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Oh, W. H. Park, B. S. Oh, D. H. Kang, H. J. Kim, S. M. Hong, J. H. Hur, J. Jang, S. J. Lee, M. J. Kim, K. H. Lee, and K. H. Park, “Stereoscopic TFT-LCD with Wire Grid Polarizer and Retarder,” Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 39, 444–447 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Wu, Y. S. Jeng, P. C. Yeh, C. J. Hu, and W. M. Huang, “Stereoscopic 3D Display using Patterned Retarder,” Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 39, 260–263 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Lin, “Optically compensated circular polarizers for liquid crystal displays,” Opt. Express 16(17), 13276–13286 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (2)

2004 (1)

C. Doornkamp, B. M. I. van der Zande, S. J. Roosendaal, L. W. G. Stofmeel, J. J. van Glabbeek, J. T. M. Osenga, and J. A. M. Steenbakkers, “Next Generation Mobile LCDs with In-cell Retarders,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 12(3), 233–239 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

S. J. Roosendaal, B. M. I. van der Zande, A. C. Nieuwkerk, C. A. Renders, J. T. M. Osenga, C. Doornkamp, E. Peeters, J. Bruinink, J. A. M. M. van Haaren, and S. Takahashi, “Novel High Performance Transflective LCD with a Patterned Retarder,” Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 34, 78–81 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

T. Ishinabe, T. Miyashita, and T. Uchida, “Wide-viewing-angle polarizer with a large wavelength range,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41(Part 1, No. 7A), 4553–4558 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

C. H. Tsai, K. C. Huang, K. J. Lee, and W. J. Hsueh, “Fabricating microretarders by CO2 laser heating process technology,” Opt. Eng. 40(11), 2577–2581 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

J. Harrold, A. Jacobs, G. Woodgate, and D. Ezra, “3D Display Systems Hardware Research at Sharp Laboratories of Europe: an update,” Sharp Tech. J. , 24–30 (1999).

Bruinink, J.

S. J. Roosendaal, B. M. I. van der Zande, A. C. Nieuwkerk, C. A. Renders, J. T. M. Osenga, C. Doornkamp, E. Peeters, J. Bruinink, J. A. M. M. van Haaren, and S. Takahashi, “Novel High Performance Transflective LCD with a Patterned Retarder,” Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 34, 78–81 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Doornkamp, C.

C. Doornkamp, B. M. I. van der Zande, S. J. Roosendaal, L. W. G. Stofmeel, J. J. van Glabbeek, J. T. M. Osenga, and J. A. M. Steenbakkers, “Next Generation Mobile LCDs with In-cell Retarders,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 12(3), 233–239 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Roosendaal, B. M. I. van der Zande, A. C. Nieuwkerk, C. A. Renders, J. T. M. Osenga, C. Doornkamp, E. Peeters, J. Bruinink, J. A. M. M. van Haaren, and S. Takahashi, “Novel High Performance Transflective LCD with a Patterned Retarder,” Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 34, 78–81 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ezra, D.

J. Harrold, A. Jacobs, G. Woodgate, and D. Ezra, “3D Display Systems Hardware Research at Sharp Laboratories of Europe: an update,” Sharp Tech. J. , 24–30 (1999).

Harrold, J.

J. Harrold, A. Jacobs, G. Woodgate, and D. Ezra, “3D Display Systems Hardware Research at Sharp Laboratories of Europe: an update,” Sharp Tech. J. , 24–30 (1999).

Hong, Q.

Hong, S. M.

J. H. Oh, W. H. Park, B. S. Oh, D. H. Kang, H. J. Kim, S. M. Hong, J. H. Hur, J. Jang, S. J. Lee, M. J. Kim, K. H. Lee, and K. H. Park, “Stereoscopic TFT-LCD with Wire Grid Polarizer and Retarder,” Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 39, 444–447 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hsueh, W. J.

C. H. Tsai, K. C. Huang, K. J. Lee, and W. J. Hsueh, “Fabricating microretarders by CO2 laser heating process technology,” Opt. Eng. 40(11), 2577–2581 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hu, C. J.

Y. J. Wu, Y. S. Jeng, P. C. Yeh, C. J. Hu, and W. M. Huang, “Stereoscopic 3D Display using Patterned Retarder,” Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 39, 260–263 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Huang, K. C.

C. H. Tsai, K. C. Huang, K. J. Lee, and W. J. Hsueh, “Fabricating microretarders by CO2 laser heating process technology,” Opt. Eng. 40(11), 2577–2581 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Huang, W. M.

Y. J. Wu, Y. S. Jeng, P. C. Yeh, C. J. Hu, and W. M. Huang, “Stereoscopic 3D Display using Patterned Retarder,” Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 39, 260–263 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hur, J. H.

J. H. Oh, W. H. Park, B. S. Oh, D. H. Kang, H. J. Kim, S. M. Hong, J. H. Hur, J. Jang, S. J. Lee, M. J. Kim, K. H. Lee, and K. H. Park, “Stereoscopic TFT-LCD with Wire Grid Polarizer and Retarder,” Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 39, 444–447 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ishinabe, T.

T. Ishinabe, T. Miyashita, and T. Uchida, “Wide-viewing-angle polarizer with a large wavelength range,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41(Part 1, No. 7A), 4553–4558 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Jacobs, A.

J. Harrold, A. Jacobs, G. Woodgate, and D. Ezra, “3D Display Systems Hardware Research at Sharp Laboratories of Europe: an update,” Sharp Tech. J. , 24–30 (1999).

Jang, J.

J. H. Oh, W. H. Park, B. S. Oh, D. H. Kang, H. J. Kim, S. M. Hong, J. H. Hur, J. Jang, S. J. Lee, M. J. Kim, K. H. Lee, and K. H. Park, “Stereoscopic TFT-LCD with Wire Grid Polarizer and Retarder,” Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 39, 444–447 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jeng, Y. S.

Y. J. Wu, Y. S. Jeng, P. C. Yeh, C. J. Hu, and W. M. Huang, “Stereoscopic 3D Display using Patterned Retarder,” Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 39, 260–263 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kang, D. H.

J. H. Oh, W. H. Park, B. S. Oh, D. H. Kang, H. J. Kim, S. M. Hong, J. H. Hur, J. Jang, S. J. Lee, M. J. Kim, K. H. Lee, and K. H. Park, “Stereoscopic TFT-LCD with Wire Grid Polarizer and Retarder,” Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 39, 444–447 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kim, H. J.

J. H. Oh, W. H. Park, B. S. Oh, D. H. Kang, H. J. Kim, S. M. Hong, J. H. Hur, J. Jang, S. J. Lee, M. J. Kim, K. H. Lee, and K. H. Park, “Stereoscopic TFT-LCD with Wire Grid Polarizer and Retarder,” Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 39, 444–447 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kim, M. J.

J. H. Oh, W. H. Park, B. S. Oh, D. H. Kang, H. J. Kim, S. M. Hong, J. H. Hur, J. Jang, S. J. Lee, M. J. Kim, K. H. Lee, and K. H. Park, “Stereoscopic TFT-LCD with Wire Grid Polarizer and Retarder,” Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 39, 444–447 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lee, C. T.

C. T. Lee, C. H. Tsai, and H. Y. Lin, “The Improvement of In-cell Microretarder for Stereoscopic LCD Fabrication,” Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 39, 448–451 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lee, K. H.

J. H. Oh, W. H. Park, B. S. Oh, D. H. Kang, H. J. Kim, S. M. Hong, J. H. Hur, J. Jang, S. J. Lee, M. J. Kim, K. H. Lee, and K. H. Park, “Stereoscopic TFT-LCD with Wire Grid Polarizer and Retarder,” Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 39, 444–447 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lee, K. J.

C. H. Tsai, K. C. Huang, K. J. Lee, and W. J. Hsueh, “Fabricating microretarders by CO2 laser heating process technology,” Opt. Eng. 40(11), 2577–2581 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S. J.

J. H. Oh, W. H. Park, B. S. Oh, D. H. Kang, H. J. Kim, S. M. Hong, J. H. Hur, J. Jang, S. J. Lee, M. J. Kim, K. H. Lee, and K. H. Park, “Stereoscopic TFT-LCD with Wire Grid Polarizer and Retarder,” Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 39, 444–447 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lin, C. H.

Lin, H. Y.

C. T. Lee, C. H. Tsai, and H. Y. Lin, “The Improvement of In-cell Microretarder for Stereoscopic LCD Fabrication,” Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 39, 448–451 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lu, R.

Miyashita, T.

T. Ishinabe, T. Miyashita, and T. Uchida, “Wide-viewing-angle polarizer with a large wavelength range,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41(Part 1, No. 7A), 4553–4558 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Nieuwkerk, A. C.

S. J. Roosendaal, B. M. I. van der Zande, A. C. Nieuwkerk, C. A. Renders, J. T. M. Osenga, C. Doornkamp, E. Peeters, J. Bruinink, J. A. M. M. van Haaren, and S. Takahashi, “Novel High Performance Transflective LCD with a Patterned Retarder,” Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 34, 78–81 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Oh, B. S.

J. H. Oh, W. H. Park, B. S. Oh, D. H. Kang, H. J. Kim, S. M. Hong, J. H. Hur, J. Jang, S. J. Lee, M. J. Kim, K. H. Lee, and K. H. Park, “Stereoscopic TFT-LCD with Wire Grid Polarizer and Retarder,” Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 39, 444–447 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Oh, J. H.

J. H. Oh, W. H. Park, B. S. Oh, D. H. Kang, H. J. Kim, S. M. Hong, J. H. Hur, J. Jang, S. J. Lee, M. J. Kim, K. H. Lee, and K. H. Park, “Stereoscopic TFT-LCD with Wire Grid Polarizer and Retarder,” Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 39, 444–447 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Osenga, J. T. M.

C. Doornkamp, B. M. I. van der Zande, S. J. Roosendaal, L. W. G. Stofmeel, J. J. van Glabbeek, J. T. M. Osenga, and J. A. M. Steenbakkers, “Next Generation Mobile LCDs with In-cell Retarders,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 12(3), 233–239 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Roosendaal, B. M. I. van der Zande, A. C. Nieuwkerk, C. A. Renders, J. T. M. Osenga, C. Doornkamp, E. Peeters, J. Bruinink, J. A. M. M. van Haaren, and S. Takahashi, “Novel High Performance Transflective LCD with a Patterned Retarder,” Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 34, 78–81 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Park, K. H.

J. H. Oh, W. H. Park, B. S. Oh, D. H. Kang, H. J. Kim, S. M. Hong, J. H. Hur, J. Jang, S. J. Lee, M. J. Kim, K. H. Lee, and K. H. Park, “Stereoscopic TFT-LCD with Wire Grid Polarizer and Retarder,” Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 39, 444–447 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Park, W. H.

J. H. Oh, W. H. Park, B. S. Oh, D. H. Kang, H. J. Kim, S. M. Hong, J. H. Hur, J. Jang, S. J. Lee, M. J. Kim, K. H. Lee, and K. H. Park, “Stereoscopic TFT-LCD with Wire Grid Polarizer and Retarder,” Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 39, 444–447 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Peeters, E.

S. J. Roosendaal, B. M. I. van der Zande, A. C. Nieuwkerk, C. A. Renders, J. T. M. Osenga, C. Doornkamp, E. Peeters, J. Bruinink, J. A. M. M. van Haaren, and S. Takahashi, “Novel High Performance Transflective LCD with a Patterned Retarder,” Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 34, 78–81 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Renders, C. A.

S. J. Roosendaal, B. M. I. van der Zande, A. C. Nieuwkerk, C. A. Renders, J. T. M. Osenga, C. Doornkamp, E. Peeters, J. Bruinink, J. A. M. M. van Haaren, and S. Takahashi, “Novel High Performance Transflective LCD with a Patterned Retarder,” Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 34, 78–81 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Roosendaal, S. J.

C. Doornkamp, B. M. I. van der Zande, S. J. Roosendaal, L. W. G. Stofmeel, J. J. van Glabbeek, J. T. M. Osenga, and J. A. M. Steenbakkers, “Next Generation Mobile LCDs with In-cell Retarders,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 12(3), 233–239 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Roosendaal, B. M. I. van der Zande, A. C. Nieuwkerk, C. A. Renders, J. T. M. Osenga, C. Doornkamp, E. Peeters, J. Bruinink, J. A. M. M. van Haaren, and S. Takahashi, “Novel High Performance Transflective LCD with a Patterned Retarder,” Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 34, 78–81 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Steenbakkers, J. A. M.

C. Doornkamp, B. M. I. van der Zande, S. J. Roosendaal, L. W. G. Stofmeel, J. J. van Glabbeek, J. T. M. Osenga, and J. A. M. Steenbakkers, “Next Generation Mobile LCDs with In-cell Retarders,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 12(3), 233–239 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Stofmeel, L. W. G.

C. Doornkamp, B. M. I. van der Zande, S. J. Roosendaal, L. W. G. Stofmeel, J. J. van Glabbeek, J. T. M. Osenga, and J. A. M. Steenbakkers, “Next Generation Mobile LCDs with In-cell Retarders,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 12(3), 233–239 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Takahashi, S.

S. J. Roosendaal, B. M. I. van der Zande, A. C. Nieuwkerk, C. A. Renders, J. T. M. Osenga, C. Doornkamp, E. Peeters, J. Bruinink, J. A. M. M. van Haaren, and S. Takahashi, “Novel High Performance Transflective LCD with a Patterned Retarder,” Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 34, 78–81 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tsai, C. H.

C. T. Lee, C. H. Tsai, and H. Y. Lin, “The Improvement of In-cell Microretarder for Stereoscopic LCD Fabrication,” Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 39, 448–451 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Tsai, K. C. Huang, K. J. Lee, and W. J. Hsueh, “Fabricating microretarders by CO2 laser heating process technology,” Opt. Eng. 40(11), 2577–2581 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Uchida, T.

T. Ishinabe, T. Miyashita, and T. Uchida, “Wide-viewing-angle polarizer with a large wavelength range,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41(Part 1, No. 7A), 4553–4558 (2002).
[CrossRef]

van der Zande, B. M. I.

C. Doornkamp, B. M. I. van der Zande, S. J. Roosendaal, L. W. G. Stofmeel, J. J. van Glabbeek, J. T. M. Osenga, and J. A. M. Steenbakkers, “Next Generation Mobile LCDs with In-cell Retarders,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 12(3), 233–239 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Roosendaal, B. M. I. van der Zande, A. C. Nieuwkerk, C. A. Renders, J. T. M. Osenga, C. Doornkamp, E. Peeters, J. Bruinink, J. A. M. M. van Haaren, and S. Takahashi, “Novel High Performance Transflective LCD with a Patterned Retarder,” Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 34, 78–81 (2003).
[CrossRef]

van Glabbeek, J. J.

C. Doornkamp, B. M. I. van der Zande, S. J. Roosendaal, L. W. G. Stofmeel, J. J. van Glabbeek, J. T. M. Osenga, and J. A. M. Steenbakkers, “Next Generation Mobile LCDs with In-cell Retarders,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 12(3), 233–239 (2004).
[CrossRef]

van Haaren, J. A. M. M.

S. J. Roosendaal, B. M. I. van der Zande, A. C. Nieuwkerk, C. A. Renders, J. T. M. Osenga, C. Doornkamp, E. Peeters, J. Bruinink, J. A. M. M. van Haaren, and S. Takahashi, “Novel High Performance Transflective LCD with a Patterned Retarder,” Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 34, 78–81 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Woodgate, G.

J. Harrold, A. Jacobs, G. Woodgate, and D. Ezra, “3D Display Systems Hardware Research at Sharp Laboratories of Europe: an update,” Sharp Tech. J. , 24–30 (1999).

Wu, S. T.

Wu, T. X.

Wu, Y. J.

Y. J. Wu, Y. S. Jeng, P. C. Yeh, C. J. Hu, and W. M. Huang, “Stereoscopic 3D Display using Patterned Retarder,” Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 39, 260–263 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yang, D. K.

Y. C. Yang and D. K. Yang, “Analytic expressions of optical retardation of biaxial compensation films for liquid crystal displays,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 11(10), 105502 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yang, Y. C.

Y. C. Yang and D. K. Yang, “Analytic expressions of optical retardation of biaxial compensation films for liquid crystal displays,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 11(10), 105502 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yeh, P. C.

Y. J. Wu, Y. S. Jeng, P. C. Yeh, C. J. Hu, and W. M. Huang, “Stereoscopic 3D Display using Patterned Retarder,” Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 39, 260–263 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, X.

J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. (1)

Y. C. Yang and D. K. Yang, “Analytic expressions of optical retardation of biaxial compensation films for liquid crystal displays,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 11(10), 105502 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Soc. Inf. Disp. (1)

C. Doornkamp, B. M. I. van der Zande, S. J. Roosendaal, L. W. G. Stofmeel, J. J. van Glabbeek, J. T. M. Osenga, and J. A. M. Steenbakkers, “Next Generation Mobile LCDs with In-cell Retarders,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 12(3), 233–239 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

T. Ishinabe, T. Miyashita, and T. Uchida, “Wide-viewing-angle polarizer with a large wavelength range,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41(Part 1, No. 7A), 4553–4558 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (1)

C. H. Tsai, K. C. Huang, K. J. Lee, and W. J. Hsueh, “Fabricating microretarders by CO2 laser heating process technology,” Opt. Eng. 40(11), 2577–2581 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Sharp Tech. J. (1)

J. Harrold, A. Jacobs, G. Woodgate, and D. Ezra, “3D Display Systems Hardware Research at Sharp Laboratories of Europe: an update,” Sharp Tech. J. , 24–30 (1999).

Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest (4)

C. T. Lee, C. H. Tsai, and H. Y. Lin, “The Improvement of In-cell Microretarder for Stereoscopic LCD Fabrication,” Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 39, 448–451 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Oh, W. H. Park, B. S. Oh, D. H. Kang, H. J. Kim, S. M. Hong, J. H. Hur, J. Jang, S. J. Lee, M. J. Kim, K. H. Lee, and K. H. Park, “Stereoscopic TFT-LCD with Wire Grid Polarizer and Retarder,” Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 39, 444–447 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Wu, Y. S. Jeng, P. C. Yeh, C. J. Hu, and W. M. Huang, “Stereoscopic 3D Display using Patterned Retarder,” Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 39, 260–263 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Roosendaal, B. M. I. van der Zande, A. C. Nieuwkerk, C. A. Renders, J. T. M. Osenga, C. Doornkamp, E. Peeters, J. Bruinink, J. A. M. M. van Haaren, and S. Takahashi, “Novel High Performance Transflective LCD with a Patterned Retarder,” Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 34, 78–81 (2003).
[CrossRef]

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P. Yeh, and C. Gu, Optics of liquid crystal displays (Wiley, New York, 1999).

E. J. Acosta, E. J. Beynon, A. M. S. Jacobs, M. G. Robinson, K. A. Saynor, M. D. Tillin, M. J. Towler, and H. G. Walton, “Broadband optical retardation device,” US Patent 6735017 (2004)

S. Pancharatnam, “Achromatic combinations of birefringent plates,” Proc. Ind. Acad. Sci. A 41, 130–144 (1956).

Y. Yoshihara, H. Ujike, and T. Tanabe, “3D Crosstalk of Stereoscopic (3D) Display using Patterned Retarder and Corresponding Glasses,” Proc. Int. Display Workshops, 3Dp-5 (2008).

K. C. Huang, K. Lee, and H. Y. Lin, “Crosstalk issue in stereo/autostereoscopic display,” Proc. Int. Display Manufacturing Conference, p2–18 (2009)

C. T. Lee, C. H. Tsai, W. C. Liu, and H. Y. Lin, “Fabrication of In-cell Microretarder & In-cell Polarizer for Stereoscopic LCD by Solution Process,” Proc. Int. Display Manufacturing Conference, p2–16 (2009).

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Figures (16)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

In-cell patterned retarder for stereoscopic display with very wide viewing freedom.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Two situations result in the change of crosstalk. (a) “Normal view” of 3D display. Light normally passes through the patterned polarizer on LCD and glasses, crosstalk depends on rotational angle φ. (b) “Oblique view” of 3D display. Light obliquely passes through the patterned polarizer on LCD, but normally passes through the glasses. The crosstalk ratio depends on polar angle θ and azimuthal angle ψ.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Measured data of chromatic dispersion for polycarbonate film and RMS-001 LC.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Configuration of single-wavelength wide-view patterned polarizer for in-cell stereoscopic display and corresponding polarizers on glasses.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Comparisons of Stokes parameters S3 at θ = 60° with different azimuthal angles. The dash line represents using a uniaxial out-cell QWP with Nz = 1, whereas solid line represents using a biaxial out-cell QWP with Nz = 0. (a) Left-eye polarizer on LCD; and (b) Right-eye polarizer on LCD of Fig. 4.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Iso-crosstalk ratio contour simulations of single-wavelength patterned polarizer by a uniaxial out-cell film for in-cell structure. (a) Left-eye & (b) right-eye crosstalk of Fig. 4.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Iso-crosstalk ratio contour simulations of single-wavelength patterned polarizer by a biaxial out-cell film for in-cell structure. (a) Left-eye and (b) right-eye crosstalk of Fig. 4.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Configuration of broadband wide-view patterned polarizer (type A) for in-cell stereoscopic display and corresponding polarizers on glasses.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Loci of Stokes parameters with R = S3 at 650 nm wavelength, G = S3 at 550 nm and B = S3 at 450 nm at normal incidence for the light emerged from (a) Left-eye polarizer on LCD; and (b) Right-eye polarizer on LCD in Fig. 8.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Comparisons of Stokes parameters S3 at θ = 60° with different azimuthal angle. The dash line represents using a uniaxial out-cell QWP with Nz = 1, whereas solid line represents using a biaxial out-cell QWP with Nz = 0.1. (a) Left-eye polarizer on LCD. (b) Right-eye polarizer on LCD of Fig. 8.

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

Iso-crosstalk ratio contour simulations of broadband patterned polarizer by a biaxial out-cell film for in-cell structure. (a) Left-eye and (b) right-eye crosstalk of Fig. 8.

Fig. 13
Fig. 13

Loci of Stokes parameters with R = S3 at 650 nm wavelength, G = S3 at 550 nm and B = S3 at 450 nm at normal incidence. (a) Left-eye polarizer on LCD. (b) Right-eye polarizer on LCD in Fig. 12.

Fig. 12
Fig. 12

Configuration of broadband wide-view patterned polarizer (type B) for in-cell stereoscopic display and corresponding polarizers on glasses.

Fig. 16
Fig. 16

Comparison of crosstalk ratio v.s. angle φ at “normal view of 3D display” for three proposed structures.

Fig. 14
Fig. 14

Comparisons of Stokes parameters S3 at θ = 60° with different azimuthal angles. The dash line represents using a uniaxial out-cell QWP and a HWP with Nz = 1, whereas solid line represents using a biaxial out-cell HWP with Nz = 0.4 and a QWP with Nz = 0.15. (a) Left-eye polarizer on LCD. (b) Right-eye polarizer on LCD of Fig. 12.

Fig. 15
Fig. 15

Iso-crosstalk ratio contour simulations of broadband patterned polarizer by biaxial out-cell films for in-cell structure. (a) Left-eye and (b) right-eye crosstalk of Fig. 12.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Comparisons of S3 parameters of light emerged from different patterned polarizer, and maximum crosstalk ratio calculated for left or right eye at polar angle θ = 60°

Equations (10)

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Crosstalk Ratio =  Luminance of Unwanted Image Luminance of Correct Image .
M P o l ( Φ ) = 1 2 ( 1 cos 2 Φ sin 2 Φ 0 cos 2 Φ cos 2 2 Φ sin 2 Φ cos 2 Φ 0 sin 2 Φ sin 2 Φ cos 2 Φ sin 2 2 Φ 0 0 0 0 0 ) .
Φ = arctan ( cos ( ψ ψ m π / 2 ) sin ( ψ ψ m π / 2 ) cos θ 0 ) ,
M W P ( Γ , Φ ) = ( 1 cos 2 Φ sin 2 Φ 0 0 cos 2 2 Φ + sin 2 2 Φ cos Γ sin 2 Φ cos 2 Φ ( 1 cos Γ ) sin 2 Φ sin Γ 0 sin 2 Φ cos 2 Φ sin 2 2 Φ cos 2 Φ sin Γ 0 sin 2 Φ sin Γ cos 2 Φ sin Γ cos Γ ) .
2 Φ = arctan ( Δ n | | [ sin 2 ( ψ ψ m ) ] cos θ 0 ( 1 / 2 ) Δ n | | [ cos 2 ( ψ ψ m ) ] ( 1 + cos 2 θ 0 ) + Δ n sin 2 θ 0 )
n ξ n η = | Δ n | | sin 2 ( ψ ψ m ) cos θ 0 sin 2 Φ | ,
Γ = 2 π λ ( n ξ n η ) d cos θ 0 ,
sin 2 Φ = ( Δ n | | [ sin 2 ( ψ ψ m ) ] cos θ 0 n ξ n η ) ,
cos 2 Φ = ( Δ n n ξ n η [ cos 2 ( ψ ψ m ) ] ( 1 + cos 2 θ 0 ) sin 2 Φ 2 [ sin 2 ( ψ ψ m ) ] cos θ 0 sin 2 θ 0 ) sin 2 θ 0 .
2 ψ m _ λ / 4 4 ψ m _ λ / 2 = 90 °

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