Abstract

Femtosecond optical pulses were used to generate THz-frequency phonon polariton waves in a 50 micrometer lithium niobate slab, which acts as a subwavelength, anisotropic planar waveguide. The spatial and temporal electric field profiles of the THz waves were recorded for different propagation directions using a polarization gating imaging system, and experimental dispersion curves were determined via a two-dimensional Fourier transform. Dispersion relations for an anisotropic slab waveguide were derived via analytical analysis and found to be in excellent agreement with all observed experimental modes. From the dispersion relations, we analyze the propagation-direction-dependent behavior, effective refractive index values, and generation efficiencies for THz-frequency modes in the subwavelength, anisotropic slab waveguide.

© 2010 OSA

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  3. N. S. Stoyanov, D. W. Ward, T. Feurer, and K. A. Nelson, “Terahertz polariton propagation in patterned materials,” Nat. Mater. 1(2), 95–98 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. T. Feurer, J. C. Vaughan, and K. A. Nelson, “Spatiotemporal coherent control of lattice vibrational waves,” Science 299(5605), 374–377 (2003).
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  5. T. Feurer, N. S. Stoyanov, D. W. Ward, J. C. Vaughan, E. R. Statz, and K. A. Nelson, “Terahertz Polaritonics,” Annu. Rev. Mater. Res. 37(1), 317–350 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  6. T. P. Dougherty, G. P. Wiederrecht, and K. A. Nelson, “Impulsive Stimulated Raman Scattering Experiments in The Polariton Regime,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 9(12), 2179–2189 (1992).
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  7. Y. X. Yan, E. B. Gamble, and K. A. Nelson, “Impulsive Stimulated Scattering: General Importance in Femtosecond Laser Pulse Interactions with Matter, and Spectroscopic Applications,” J. Chem. Phys. 83(11), 5391–5399 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  8. D. Auston and M. Nuss, “Electrooptic Generation and Detection of Femtosecond Electrical Transients,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24(2), 184–197 (1988).
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  9. Y. S. Lee, T. Meade, V. Perlin, H. Winful, T. B. Norris, and A. Galvanauskas, “Generation of narrow-band terahertz radiation via optical rectification of femtosecond pulses in periodically poled lithium niobate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76(18), 2505–2507 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. Hebling, A. G. Stepanov, G. Almási, B. Bartal, and J. Kuhl, “Tunable THz pulse generation by optical rectification of ultrashort laser pulses with tilted pulse fronts,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 593–599 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  12. K.-H. Lin, C. A. Werley, and K. A. Nelson, “Generation of multicycle THz phonon-polariton waves in a planar waveguide by tilted optical pulse fronts,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(10), 103304 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  13. D. H. Auston, K. P. Cheung, J. A. Valdmains, and D. A. Kleinman, “Cherenkov Radiation from Femtosecond Optical Pulses in Electro-Optic Media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 53(16), 1555–1558 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  14. J. K. Wahlstrand and R. Merlin, “Cherenkov radiation emitted by ultrafast laser pulses and the generation of coherent polaritons,” Phys. Rev. B 68(5), 054301 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  15. N. S. Stoyanov, T. Feurer, D. W. Ward, and K. A. Nelson, “Integrated diffractive terahertz elements,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(5), 674–676 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  17. Q. Wu, C. A. Werley, K. H. Lin, A. Dorn, M. G. Bawendi, and K. A. Nelson, “Quantitative phase contrast imaging of THz electric fields in a dielectric waveguide,” Opt. Express 17(11), 9219–9225 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. C. A. Werley, Q. Wu, K. H. Lin, C. R. Tait, A. Dorn, and K. A. Nelson, “A comparison of phase sensitive imaging techniques for studying THz waves in structured LiNbO3,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27(11) 2350-2359 (2010).
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    [CrossRef]
  22. A. S. Barker and R. Loudon, “Dielectric properties and optical phonons in LiNbO3,” Phys. Rev. 158(2), 433–445 (1967).
    [CrossRef]
  23. N. S. Stoyanov, T. Feurer, D. Ward, E. Statz, and K. Nelson, “Direct visualization of a polariton resonator in the THz regime,” Opt. Express 12(11), 2387–2396 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. S. Wang, M. L. Shah, and J. D. Crow, “Wave propagation in thin film optical waveguides using gyrotropic and anisotropic materials as substrates,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 8(2), 212–216 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
  25. D. P. G. Russo and J. H. Harris, “Wave propagation in anisotropic thin-film optical waveguides,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 63(2), 138–145 (1973).
    [CrossRef]
  26. W. K. Burns and J. Warner, “Mode dispersion in uniaxial optical waveguides,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 64(4), 441–446 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  27. V. Ramaswamy, “Propagation in asymmetrical anisotropic film waveguides,” Appl. Opt. 13(6), 1363–1371 (1974).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  28. S. Nemoto and T. Makimoto, “Further discussion of the relationship between phase and group indices in anisotropic inhomogeneous guiding media,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 67(9), 1281–1283 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  29. D. Marcuse, “Modes of a symmetric slab optical waveguide in birefringent media-Part I: Optical axis not in plane of slab,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 14(10), 736–741 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  30. D. Marcuse and I. P. Kaminow, “Modes of a Symmetric Slab Optical Waveguide in Birefringent Media Part II: Slab with Coplanar Optical Axis,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 15(2), 92–101 (1979).
    [CrossRef]

2010 (1)

C. A. Werley, Q. Wu, K. H. Lin, C. R. Tait, A. Dorn, and K. A. Nelson, “A comparison of phase sensitive imaging techniques for studying THz waves in structured LiNbO3,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27(11) 2350-2359 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

K.-H. Lin, C. A. Werley, and K. A. Nelson, “Generation of multicycle THz phonon-polariton waves in a planar waveguide by tilted optical pulse fronts,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(10), 103304 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Q. Wu, C. A. Werley, K. H. Lin, A. Dorn, M. G. Bawendi, and K. A. Nelson, “Quantitative phase contrast imaging of THz electric fields in a dielectric waveguide,” Opt. Express 17(11), 9219–9225 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (1)

P. Peier, S. Pilz, F. Müller, K. A. Nelson, and T. Feurer, “Analysis of phase contrast imaging of terahertz phonon-polaritons,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25(7), B70–B75 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

K. L. Yeh, M. C. Hoffmann, J. Hebling, and A. Keith, “Generation of 10 μJ ultrashort terahertz pulses by optical rectification,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(17), 171121 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Feurer, N. S. Stoyanov, D. W. Ward, J. C. Vaughan, E. R. Statz, and K. A. Nelson, “Terahertz Polaritonics,” Annu. Rev. Mater. Res. 37(1), 317–350 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

J. Hebling, A. G. Stepanov, G. Almási, B. Bartal, and J. Kuhl, “Tunable THz pulse generation by optical rectification of ultrashort laser pulses with tilted pulse fronts,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 593–599 (2004).
[CrossRef]

N. S. Stoyanov, T. Feurer, D. Ward, E. Statz, and K. Nelson, “Direct visualization of a polariton resonator in the THz regime,” Opt. Express 12(11), 2387–2396 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (3)

T. Feurer, J. C. Vaughan, and K. A. Nelson, “Spatiotemporal coherent control of lattice vibrational waves,” Science 299(5605), 374–377 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. K. Wahlstrand and R. Merlin, “Cherenkov radiation emitted by ultrafast laser pulses and the generation of coherent polaritons,” Phys. Rev. B 68(5), 054301 (2003).
[CrossRef]

N. S. Stoyanov, T. Feurer, D. W. Ward, and K. A. Nelson, “Integrated diffractive terahertz elements,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(5), 674–676 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

N. S. Stoyanov, D. W. Ward, T. Feurer, and K. A. Nelson, “Terahertz polariton propagation in patterned materials,” Nat. Mater. 1(2), 95–98 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

Y. S. Lee, T. Meade, V. Perlin, H. Winful, T. B. Norris, and A. Galvanauskas, “Generation of narrow-band terahertz radiation via optical rectification of femtosecond pulses in periodically poled lithium niobate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76(18), 2505–2507 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

R. M. Koehl, S. Adachi, and K. A. Nelson, “Real-Space Polariton Wave Packet Imaging,” J. Chem. Phys. 110(3), 1317–1320 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

T. P. Dougherty, G. P. Wiederrecht, and K. A. Nelson, “Impulsive Stimulated Raman Scattering Experiments in The Polariton Regime,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 9(12), 2179–2189 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1988 (2)

D. Auston and M. Nuss, “Electrooptic Generation and Detection of Femtosecond Electrical Transients,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24(2), 184–197 (1988).
[CrossRef]

D. H. Auston and M. C. Nuss, “Electrooptic generation and detection of femtosecond electrical transients,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24(2), 184–197 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

Y. X. Yan, E. B. Gamble, and K. A. Nelson, “Impulsive Stimulated Scattering: General Importance in Femtosecond Laser Pulse Interactions with Matter, and Spectroscopic Applications,” J. Chem. Phys. 83(11), 5391–5399 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1984 (1)

D. H. Auston, K. P. Cheung, J. A. Valdmains, and D. A. Kleinman, “Cherenkov Radiation from Femtosecond Optical Pulses in Electro-Optic Media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 53(16), 1555–1558 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

D. Marcuse and I. P. Kaminow, “Modes of a Symmetric Slab Optical Waveguide in Birefringent Media Part II: Slab with Coplanar Optical Axis,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 15(2), 92–101 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1978 (1)

D. Marcuse, “Modes of a symmetric slab optical waveguide in birefringent media-Part I: Optical axis not in plane of slab,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 14(10), 736–741 (1978).
[CrossRef]

1977 (1)

S. Nemoto and T. Makimoto, “Further discussion of the relationship between phase and group indices in anisotropic inhomogeneous guiding media,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 67(9), 1281–1283 (1977).
[CrossRef]

1974 (2)

W. K. Burns and J. Warner, “Mode dispersion in uniaxial optical waveguides,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 64(4), 441–446 (1974).
[CrossRef]

V. Ramaswamy, “Propagation in asymmetrical anisotropic film waveguides,” Appl. Opt. 13(6), 1363–1371 (1974).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1973 (1)

D. P. G. Russo and J. H. Harris, “Wave propagation in anisotropic thin-film optical waveguides,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 63(2), 138–145 (1973).
[CrossRef]

1972 (1)

S. Wang, M. L. Shah, and J. D. Crow, “Wave propagation in thin film optical waveguides using gyrotropic and anisotropic materials as substrates,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 8(2), 212–216 (1972).
[CrossRef]

1967 (1)

A. S. Barker and R. Loudon, “Dielectric properties and optical phonons in LiNbO3,” Phys. Rev. 158(2), 433–445 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Adachi, S.

R. M. Koehl, S. Adachi, and K. A. Nelson, “Real-Space Polariton Wave Packet Imaging,” J. Chem. Phys. 110(3), 1317–1320 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Almási, G.

J. Hebling, A. G. Stepanov, G. Almási, B. Bartal, and J. Kuhl, “Tunable THz pulse generation by optical rectification of ultrashort laser pulses with tilted pulse fronts,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 593–599 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Auston, D.

D. Auston and M. Nuss, “Electrooptic Generation and Detection of Femtosecond Electrical Transients,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24(2), 184–197 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Auston, D. H.

D. H. Auston and M. C. Nuss, “Electrooptic generation and detection of femtosecond electrical transients,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24(2), 184–197 (1988).
[CrossRef]

D. H. Auston, K. P. Cheung, J. A. Valdmains, and D. A. Kleinman, “Cherenkov Radiation from Femtosecond Optical Pulses in Electro-Optic Media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 53(16), 1555–1558 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Barker, A. S.

A. S. Barker and R. Loudon, “Dielectric properties and optical phonons in LiNbO3,” Phys. Rev. 158(2), 433–445 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Bartal, B.

J. Hebling, A. G. Stepanov, G. Almási, B. Bartal, and J. Kuhl, “Tunable THz pulse generation by optical rectification of ultrashort laser pulses with tilted pulse fronts,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 593–599 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bawendi, M. G.

Q. Wu, C. A. Werley, K. H. Lin, A. Dorn, M. G. Bawendi, and K. A. Nelson, “Quantitative phase contrast imaging of THz electric fields in a dielectric waveguide,” Opt. Express 17(11), 9219–9225 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Burns, W. K.

W. K. Burns and J. Warner, “Mode dispersion in uniaxial optical waveguides,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 64(4), 441–446 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Cheung, K. P.

D. H. Auston, K. P. Cheung, J. A. Valdmains, and D. A. Kleinman, “Cherenkov Radiation from Femtosecond Optical Pulses in Electro-Optic Media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 53(16), 1555–1558 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Crow, J. D.

S. Wang, M. L. Shah, and J. D. Crow, “Wave propagation in thin film optical waveguides using gyrotropic and anisotropic materials as substrates,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 8(2), 212–216 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Dorn, A.

C. A. Werley, Q. Wu, K. H. Lin, C. R. Tait, A. Dorn, and K. A. Nelson, “A comparison of phase sensitive imaging techniques for studying THz waves in structured LiNbO3,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27(11) 2350-2359 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Q. Wu, C. A. Werley, K. H. Lin, A. Dorn, M. G. Bawendi, and K. A. Nelson, “Quantitative phase contrast imaging of THz electric fields in a dielectric waveguide,” Opt. Express 17(11), 9219–9225 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dougherty, T. P.

T. P. Dougherty, G. P. Wiederrecht, and K. A. Nelson, “Impulsive Stimulated Raman Scattering Experiments in The Polariton Regime,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 9(12), 2179–2189 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Feurer, T.

P. Peier, S. Pilz, F. Müller, K. A. Nelson, and T. Feurer, “Analysis of phase contrast imaging of terahertz phonon-polaritons,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25(7), B70–B75 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Feurer, N. S. Stoyanov, D. W. Ward, J. C. Vaughan, E. R. Statz, and K. A. Nelson, “Terahertz Polaritonics,” Annu. Rev. Mater. Res. 37(1), 317–350 (2007).
[CrossRef]

N. S. Stoyanov, T. Feurer, D. Ward, E. Statz, and K. Nelson, “Direct visualization of a polariton resonator in the THz regime,” Opt. Express 12(11), 2387–2396 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Feurer, J. C. Vaughan, and K. A. Nelson, “Spatiotemporal coherent control of lattice vibrational waves,” Science 299(5605), 374–377 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. S. Stoyanov, T. Feurer, D. W. Ward, and K. A. Nelson, “Integrated diffractive terahertz elements,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(5), 674–676 (2003).
[CrossRef]

N. S. Stoyanov, D. W. Ward, T. Feurer, and K. A. Nelson, “Terahertz polariton propagation in patterned materials,” Nat. Mater. 1(2), 95–98 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Galvanauskas, A.

Y. S. Lee, T. Meade, V. Perlin, H. Winful, T. B. Norris, and A. Galvanauskas, “Generation of narrow-band terahertz radiation via optical rectification of femtosecond pulses in periodically poled lithium niobate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76(18), 2505–2507 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Gamble, E. B.

Y. X. Yan, E. B. Gamble, and K. A. Nelson, “Impulsive Stimulated Scattering: General Importance in Femtosecond Laser Pulse Interactions with Matter, and Spectroscopic Applications,” J. Chem. Phys. 83(11), 5391–5399 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Harris, J. H.

D. P. G. Russo and J. H. Harris, “Wave propagation in anisotropic thin-film optical waveguides,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 63(2), 138–145 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Hebling, J.

K. L. Yeh, M. C. Hoffmann, J. Hebling, and A. Keith, “Generation of 10 μJ ultrashort terahertz pulses by optical rectification,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(17), 171121 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Hebling, A. G. Stepanov, G. Almási, B. Bartal, and J. Kuhl, “Tunable THz pulse generation by optical rectification of ultrashort laser pulses with tilted pulse fronts,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 593–599 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hoffmann, M. C.

K. L. Yeh, M. C. Hoffmann, J. Hebling, and A. Keith, “Generation of 10 μJ ultrashort terahertz pulses by optical rectification,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(17), 171121 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kaminow, I. P.

D. Marcuse and I. P. Kaminow, “Modes of a Symmetric Slab Optical Waveguide in Birefringent Media Part II: Slab with Coplanar Optical Axis,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 15(2), 92–101 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Keith, A.

K. L. Yeh, M. C. Hoffmann, J. Hebling, and A. Keith, “Generation of 10 μJ ultrashort terahertz pulses by optical rectification,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(17), 171121 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kleinman, D. A.

D. H. Auston, K. P. Cheung, J. A. Valdmains, and D. A. Kleinman, “Cherenkov Radiation from Femtosecond Optical Pulses in Electro-Optic Media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 53(16), 1555–1558 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Koehl, R. M.

R. M. Koehl, S. Adachi, and K. A. Nelson, “Real-Space Polariton Wave Packet Imaging,” J. Chem. Phys. 110(3), 1317–1320 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kuhl, J.

J. Hebling, A. G. Stepanov, G. Almási, B. Bartal, and J. Kuhl, “Tunable THz pulse generation by optical rectification of ultrashort laser pulses with tilted pulse fronts,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 593–599 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lee, Y. S.

Y. S. Lee, T. Meade, V. Perlin, H. Winful, T. B. Norris, and A. Galvanauskas, “Generation of narrow-band terahertz radiation via optical rectification of femtosecond pulses in periodically poled lithium niobate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76(18), 2505–2507 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lin, K. H.

C. A. Werley, Q. Wu, K. H. Lin, C. R. Tait, A. Dorn, and K. A. Nelson, “A comparison of phase sensitive imaging techniques for studying THz waves in structured LiNbO3,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27(11) 2350-2359 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Q. Wu, C. A. Werley, K. H. Lin, A. Dorn, M. G. Bawendi, and K. A. Nelson, “Quantitative phase contrast imaging of THz electric fields in a dielectric waveguide,” Opt. Express 17(11), 9219–9225 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lin, K.-H.

K.-H. Lin, C. A. Werley, and K. A. Nelson, “Generation of multicycle THz phonon-polariton waves in a planar waveguide by tilted optical pulse fronts,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(10), 103304 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Loudon, R.

A. S. Barker and R. Loudon, “Dielectric properties and optical phonons in LiNbO3,” Phys. Rev. 158(2), 433–445 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Makimoto, T.

S. Nemoto and T. Makimoto, “Further discussion of the relationship between phase and group indices in anisotropic inhomogeneous guiding media,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 67(9), 1281–1283 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Marcuse, D.

D. Marcuse and I. P. Kaminow, “Modes of a Symmetric Slab Optical Waveguide in Birefringent Media Part II: Slab with Coplanar Optical Axis,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 15(2), 92–101 (1979).
[CrossRef]

D. Marcuse, “Modes of a symmetric slab optical waveguide in birefringent media-Part I: Optical axis not in plane of slab,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 14(10), 736–741 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Meade, T.

Y. S. Lee, T. Meade, V. Perlin, H. Winful, T. B. Norris, and A. Galvanauskas, “Generation of narrow-band terahertz radiation via optical rectification of femtosecond pulses in periodically poled lithium niobate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76(18), 2505–2507 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Merlin, R.

J. K. Wahlstrand and R. Merlin, “Cherenkov radiation emitted by ultrafast laser pulses and the generation of coherent polaritons,” Phys. Rev. B 68(5), 054301 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Müller, F.

P. Peier, S. Pilz, F. Müller, K. A. Nelson, and T. Feurer, “Analysis of phase contrast imaging of terahertz phonon-polaritons,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25(7), B70–B75 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nelson, K.

N. S. Stoyanov, T. Feurer, D. Ward, E. Statz, and K. Nelson, “Direct visualization of a polariton resonator in the THz regime,” Opt. Express 12(11), 2387–2396 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nelson, K. A.

C. A. Werley, Q. Wu, K. H. Lin, C. R. Tait, A. Dorn, and K. A. Nelson, “A comparison of phase sensitive imaging techniques for studying THz waves in structured LiNbO3,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27(11) 2350-2359 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K.-H. Lin, C. A. Werley, and K. A. Nelson, “Generation of multicycle THz phonon-polariton waves in a planar waveguide by tilted optical pulse fronts,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(10), 103304 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Q. Wu, C. A. Werley, K. H. Lin, A. Dorn, M. G. Bawendi, and K. A. Nelson, “Quantitative phase contrast imaging of THz electric fields in a dielectric waveguide,” Opt. Express 17(11), 9219–9225 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Peier, S. Pilz, F. Müller, K. A. Nelson, and T. Feurer, “Analysis of phase contrast imaging of terahertz phonon-polaritons,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25(7), B70–B75 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Feurer, N. S. Stoyanov, D. W. Ward, J. C. Vaughan, E. R. Statz, and K. A. Nelson, “Terahertz Polaritonics,” Annu. Rev. Mater. Res. 37(1), 317–350 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Feurer, J. C. Vaughan, and K. A. Nelson, “Spatiotemporal coherent control of lattice vibrational waves,” Science 299(5605), 374–377 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. S. Stoyanov, T. Feurer, D. W. Ward, and K. A. Nelson, “Integrated diffractive terahertz elements,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(5), 674–676 (2003).
[CrossRef]

N. S. Stoyanov, D. W. Ward, T. Feurer, and K. A. Nelson, “Terahertz polariton propagation in patterned materials,” Nat. Mater. 1(2), 95–98 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. M. Koehl, S. Adachi, and K. A. Nelson, “Real-Space Polariton Wave Packet Imaging,” J. Chem. Phys. 110(3), 1317–1320 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. P. Dougherty, G. P. Wiederrecht, and K. A. Nelson, “Impulsive Stimulated Raman Scattering Experiments in The Polariton Regime,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 9(12), 2179–2189 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Y. X. Yan, E. B. Gamble, and K. A. Nelson, “Impulsive Stimulated Scattering: General Importance in Femtosecond Laser Pulse Interactions with Matter, and Spectroscopic Applications,” J. Chem. Phys. 83(11), 5391–5399 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Nemoto, S.

S. Nemoto and T. Makimoto, “Further discussion of the relationship between phase and group indices in anisotropic inhomogeneous guiding media,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 67(9), 1281–1283 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Norris, T. B.

Y. S. Lee, T. Meade, V. Perlin, H. Winful, T. B. Norris, and A. Galvanauskas, “Generation of narrow-band terahertz radiation via optical rectification of femtosecond pulses in periodically poled lithium niobate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76(18), 2505–2507 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Nuss, M.

D. Auston and M. Nuss, “Electrooptic Generation and Detection of Femtosecond Electrical Transients,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24(2), 184–197 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Nuss, M. C.

D. H. Auston and M. C. Nuss, “Electrooptic generation and detection of femtosecond electrical transients,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24(2), 184–197 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Peier, P.

P. Peier, S. Pilz, F. Müller, K. A. Nelson, and T. Feurer, “Analysis of phase contrast imaging of terahertz phonon-polaritons,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25(7), B70–B75 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Perlin, V.

Y. S. Lee, T. Meade, V. Perlin, H. Winful, T. B. Norris, and A. Galvanauskas, “Generation of narrow-band terahertz radiation via optical rectification of femtosecond pulses in periodically poled lithium niobate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76(18), 2505–2507 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Pilz, S.

P. Peier, S. Pilz, F. Müller, K. A. Nelson, and T. Feurer, “Analysis of phase contrast imaging of terahertz phonon-polaritons,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25(7), B70–B75 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ramaswamy, V.

V. Ramaswamy, “Propagation in asymmetrical anisotropic film waveguides,” Appl. Opt. 13(6), 1363–1371 (1974).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Russo, D. P. G.

D. P. G. Russo and J. H. Harris, “Wave propagation in anisotropic thin-film optical waveguides,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 63(2), 138–145 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Shah, M. L.

S. Wang, M. L. Shah, and J. D. Crow, “Wave propagation in thin film optical waveguides using gyrotropic and anisotropic materials as substrates,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 8(2), 212–216 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Statz, E.

N. S. Stoyanov, T. Feurer, D. Ward, E. Statz, and K. Nelson, “Direct visualization of a polariton resonator in the THz regime,” Opt. Express 12(11), 2387–2396 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Statz, E. R.

T. Feurer, N. S. Stoyanov, D. W. Ward, J. C. Vaughan, E. R. Statz, and K. A. Nelson, “Terahertz Polaritonics,” Annu. Rev. Mater. Res. 37(1), 317–350 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Stepanov, A. G.

J. Hebling, A. G. Stepanov, G. Almási, B. Bartal, and J. Kuhl, “Tunable THz pulse generation by optical rectification of ultrashort laser pulses with tilted pulse fronts,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 593–599 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Stoyanov, N. S.

T. Feurer, N. S. Stoyanov, D. W. Ward, J. C. Vaughan, E. R. Statz, and K. A. Nelson, “Terahertz Polaritonics,” Annu. Rev. Mater. Res. 37(1), 317–350 (2007).
[CrossRef]

N. S. Stoyanov, T. Feurer, D. Ward, E. Statz, and K. Nelson, “Direct visualization of a polariton resonator in the THz regime,” Opt. Express 12(11), 2387–2396 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. S. Stoyanov, T. Feurer, D. W. Ward, and K. A. Nelson, “Integrated diffractive terahertz elements,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(5), 674–676 (2003).
[CrossRef]

N. S. Stoyanov, D. W. Ward, T. Feurer, and K. A. Nelson, “Terahertz polariton propagation in patterned materials,” Nat. Mater. 1(2), 95–98 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tait, C. R.

C. A. Werley, Q. Wu, K. H. Lin, C. R. Tait, A. Dorn, and K. A. Nelson, “A comparison of phase sensitive imaging techniques for studying THz waves in structured LiNbO3,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27(11) 2350-2359 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Valdmains, J. A.

D. H. Auston, K. P. Cheung, J. A. Valdmains, and D. A. Kleinman, “Cherenkov Radiation from Femtosecond Optical Pulses in Electro-Optic Media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 53(16), 1555–1558 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Vaughan, J. C.

T. Feurer, N. S. Stoyanov, D. W. Ward, J. C. Vaughan, E. R. Statz, and K. A. Nelson, “Terahertz Polaritonics,” Annu. Rev. Mater. Res. 37(1), 317–350 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Feurer, J. C. Vaughan, and K. A. Nelson, “Spatiotemporal coherent control of lattice vibrational waves,” Science 299(5605), 374–377 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wahlstrand, J. K.

J. K. Wahlstrand and R. Merlin, “Cherenkov radiation emitted by ultrafast laser pulses and the generation of coherent polaritons,” Phys. Rev. B 68(5), 054301 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wang, S.

S. Wang, M. L. Shah, and J. D. Crow, “Wave propagation in thin film optical waveguides using gyrotropic and anisotropic materials as substrates,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 8(2), 212–216 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Ward, D.

N. S. Stoyanov, T. Feurer, D. Ward, E. Statz, and K. Nelson, “Direct visualization of a polariton resonator in the THz regime,” Opt. Express 12(11), 2387–2396 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ward, D. W.

T. Feurer, N. S. Stoyanov, D. W. Ward, J. C. Vaughan, E. R. Statz, and K. A. Nelson, “Terahertz Polaritonics,” Annu. Rev. Mater. Res. 37(1), 317–350 (2007).
[CrossRef]

N. S. Stoyanov, T. Feurer, D. W. Ward, and K. A. Nelson, “Integrated diffractive terahertz elements,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(5), 674–676 (2003).
[CrossRef]

N. S. Stoyanov, D. W. Ward, T. Feurer, and K. A. Nelson, “Terahertz polariton propagation in patterned materials,” Nat. Mater. 1(2), 95–98 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Warner, J.

W. K. Burns and J. Warner, “Mode dispersion in uniaxial optical waveguides,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 64(4), 441–446 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Werley, C. A.

C. A. Werley, Q. Wu, K. H. Lin, C. R. Tait, A. Dorn, and K. A. Nelson, “A comparison of phase sensitive imaging techniques for studying THz waves in structured LiNbO3,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27(11) 2350-2359 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K.-H. Lin, C. A. Werley, and K. A. Nelson, “Generation of multicycle THz phonon-polariton waves in a planar waveguide by tilted optical pulse fronts,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(10), 103304 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Q. Wu, C. A. Werley, K. H. Lin, A. Dorn, M. G. Bawendi, and K. A. Nelson, “Quantitative phase contrast imaging of THz electric fields in a dielectric waveguide,” Opt. Express 17(11), 9219–9225 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wiederrecht, G. P.

T. P. Dougherty, G. P. Wiederrecht, and K. A. Nelson, “Impulsive Stimulated Raman Scattering Experiments in The Polariton Regime,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 9(12), 2179–2189 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Winful, H.

Y. S. Lee, T. Meade, V. Perlin, H. Winful, T. B. Norris, and A. Galvanauskas, “Generation of narrow-band terahertz radiation via optical rectification of femtosecond pulses in periodically poled lithium niobate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76(18), 2505–2507 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wu, Q.

C. A. Werley, Q. Wu, K. H. Lin, C. R. Tait, A. Dorn, and K. A. Nelson, “A comparison of phase sensitive imaging techniques for studying THz waves in structured LiNbO3,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27(11) 2350-2359 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Q. Wu, C. A. Werley, K. H. Lin, A. Dorn, M. G. Bawendi, and K. A. Nelson, “Quantitative phase contrast imaging of THz electric fields in a dielectric waveguide,” Opt. Express 17(11), 9219–9225 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yan, Y. X.

Y. X. Yan, E. B. Gamble, and K. A. Nelson, “Impulsive Stimulated Scattering: General Importance in Femtosecond Laser Pulse Interactions with Matter, and Spectroscopic Applications,” J. Chem. Phys. 83(11), 5391–5399 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Yeh, K. L.

K. L. Yeh, M. C. Hoffmann, J. Hebling, and A. Keith, “Generation of 10 μJ ultrashort terahertz pulses by optical rectification,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(17), 171121 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Annu. Rev. Mater. Res. (1)

T. Feurer, N. S. Stoyanov, D. W. Ward, J. C. Vaughan, E. R. Statz, and K. A. Nelson, “Terahertz Polaritonics,” Annu. Rev. Mater. Res. 37(1), 317–350 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

V. Ramaswamy, “Propagation in asymmetrical anisotropic film waveguides,” Appl. Opt. 13(6), 1363–1371 (1974).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

J. Hebling, A. G. Stepanov, G. Almási, B. Bartal, and J. Kuhl, “Tunable THz pulse generation by optical rectification of ultrashort laser pulses with tilted pulse fronts,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 593–599 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

K. L. Yeh, M. C. Hoffmann, J. Hebling, and A. Keith, “Generation of 10 μJ ultrashort terahertz pulses by optical rectification,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(17), 171121 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K.-H. Lin, C. A. Werley, and K. A. Nelson, “Generation of multicycle THz phonon-polariton waves in a planar waveguide by tilted optical pulse fronts,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(10), 103304 (2009).
[CrossRef]

N. S. Stoyanov, T. Feurer, D. W. Ward, and K. A. Nelson, “Integrated diffractive terahertz elements,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(5), 674–676 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Y. S. Lee, T. Meade, V. Perlin, H. Winful, T. B. Norris, and A. Galvanauskas, “Generation of narrow-band terahertz radiation via optical rectification of femtosecond pulses in periodically poled lithium niobate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76(18), 2505–2507 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (5)

D. Auston and M. Nuss, “Electrooptic Generation and Detection of Femtosecond Electrical Transients,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24(2), 184–197 (1988).
[CrossRef]

S. Wang, M. L. Shah, and J. D. Crow, “Wave propagation in thin film optical waveguides using gyrotropic and anisotropic materials as substrates,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 8(2), 212–216 (1972).
[CrossRef]

D. H. Auston and M. C. Nuss, “Electrooptic generation and detection of femtosecond electrical transients,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24(2), 184–197 (1988).
[CrossRef]

D. Marcuse, “Modes of a symmetric slab optical waveguide in birefringent media-Part I: Optical axis not in plane of slab,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 14(10), 736–741 (1978).
[CrossRef]

D. Marcuse and I. P. Kaminow, “Modes of a Symmetric Slab Optical Waveguide in Birefringent Media Part II: Slab with Coplanar Optical Axis,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 15(2), 92–101 (1979).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (2)

Y. X. Yan, E. B. Gamble, and K. A. Nelson, “Impulsive Stimulated Scattering: General Importance in Femtosecond Laser Pulse Interactions with Matter, and Spectroscopic Applications,” J. Chem. Phys. 83(11), 5391–5399 (1985).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Koehl, S. Adachi, and K. A. Nelson, “Real-Space Polariton Wave Packet Imaging,” J. Chem. Phys. 110(3), 1317–1320 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (4)

T. P. Dougherty, G. P. Wiederrecht, and K. A. Nelson, “Impulsive Stimulated Raman Scattering Experiments in The Polariton Regime,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 9(12), 2179–2189 (1992).
[CrossRef]

D. P. G. Russo and J. H. Harris, “Wave propagation in anisotropic thin-film optical waveguides,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 63(2), 138–145 (1973).
[CrossRef]

W. K. Burns and J. Warner, “Mode dispersion in uniaxial optical waveguides,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 64(4), 441–446 (1974).
[CrossRef]

S. Nemoto and T. Makimoto, “Further discussion of the relationship between phase and group indices in anisotropic inhomogeneous guiding media,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 67(9), 1281–1283 (1977).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

P. Peier, S. Pilz, F. Müller, K. A. Nelson, and T. Feurer, “Analysis of phase contrast imaging of terahertz phonon-polaritons,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25(7), B70–B75 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. A. Werley, Q. Wu, K. H. Lin, C. R. Tait, A. Dorn, and K. A. Nelson, “A comparison of phase sensitive imaging techniques for studying THz waves in structured LiNbO3,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27(11) 2350-2359 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Mater. (1)

N. S. Stoyanov, D. W. Ward, T. Feurer, and K. A. Nelson, “Terahertz polariton propagation in patterned materials,” Nat. Mater. 1(2), 95–98 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (2)

Q. Wu, C. A. Werley, K. H. Lin, A. Dorn, M. G. Bawendi, and K. A. Nelson, “Quantitative phase contrast imaging of THz electric fields in a dielectric waveguide,” Opt. Express 17(11), 9219–9225 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. S. Stoyanov, T. Feurer, D. Ward, E. Statz, and K. Nelson, “Direct visualization of a polariton resonator in the THz regime,” Opt. Express 12(11), 2387–2396 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. (1)

A. S. Barker and R. Loudon, “Dielectric properties and optical phonons in LiNbO3,” Phys. Rev. 158(2), 433–445 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

J. K. Wahlstrand and R. Merlin, “Cherenkov radiation emitted by ultrafast laser pulses and the generation of coherent polaritons,” Phys. Rev. B 68(5), 054301 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

D. H. Auston, K. P. Cheung, J. A. Valdmains, and D. A. Kleinman, “Cherenkov Radiation from Femtosecond Optical Pulses in Electro-Optic Media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 53(16), 1555–1558 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

T. Feurer, J. C. Vaughan, and K. A. Nelson, “Spatiotemporal coherent control of lattice vibrational waves,” Science 299(5605), 374–377 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (3)

Y.-S. Lee, Principles of Terahertz Science and Technology (Springer, New York, 2009).

E. A. Bahaa, B. Saleh and M. C. Teich, Fundamentals of photonics (JOHN WILEY&SONS, 1991)

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge,1999).

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