Abstract

A novel photonic structure for arbitrary waveform generation (AWG) is proposed based on the electrooptical intensity modulation of a broadband optical signal which is transmitted by a dispersive element and the optoelectrical processing is realized by combining an interferometric structure with balanced photodetection. The generated waveform can be fully reconfigured through the control of the optical source power spectrum and the interferometric structure. The use of balanced photodetection permits to remove the baseband component of the generated signal which is relevant in certain applications. We have theoretically described and experimentally demonstrated the feasibility of the system by means of the generation of different pulse shapes. Specifically, the proposed structure has been applicable to generate Multiband UWB signaling formats regarding to the FCC requirements in order to show the flexibility of the system.

© 2010 OSA

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  1. J. Capmany and D. Novak, “Microwave photonics combines two worlds,” Nat. Photonics 1(6), 319–330 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  2. O. Mendoza-Yero, G. Mínguez-Vega, J. Lancis, and V. Climent, “Diffractive pulse shaper for arbitrary waveform generation,” Opt. Lett. 35(4), 535–537 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. J. Azaña, N. K. Berger, B. Levit, and B. Fischer, “Reconfigurable generation of high-repetition-rate optical pulse sequences based on time-domain phase-only filtering,” Opt. Lett. 30(23), 3228–3230 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. H. Chi and J. Yao, “Symmetrical waveform generation based on temporal pulse shaping using amplitude-only modulator,” Electron. Lett. 43(7), 415–417 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. D. McKinney, I. S. Lin, and A. M. Weiner, “Ultrabroadband arbitrary electromagnetic wavefom synthesis,” Opt. Photon. News 17(4), 24–29 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  6. C. Wang and J. Yao, “Large time-bandwidth product microwave arbitrary waveform generation using a spatially discrete chirped fiber bragg grating,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28(11), 1652–1660 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  7. C. Jiang, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, “Optical arbitrary waveform generation and characterization using spectral line-by-line control,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(7), 2487–2494 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  8. T. He, N. Fontaine, R. P. Scott, D. J. Geisler, J. P. Heritage, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Optical arbitrary waveform generation-based packet generation and all-optical separation for optical-label switching,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(10), 715–717 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  9. G. R. Aiello and G. D. Rogerson, “Ultra-Wideband wireless systems,” IEEE Microw. Mag. 4(2), 36–47 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. D. McKinney, I. S. Lin, and A. M. Weiner, “Shaping the Power Spectrum of Ultra-Wideband Radio-Frequency Signals,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54(12), 4247–4255 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  11. H. Mu and J. Yao, “Photonic generation of UWB pulses with pulse position modulation,” Electron. Lett. 46(1), 99–100 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  12. H. Chen, M. Chen, T. Wang, M. Li, and S. Xie, “Methods for Ultra-Wideband Pulse Generation Based on Optical Cross-Polarization Modulation,” J. Lightwave Technol. 26(15), 2492–2499 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  13. M. Bolea, J. Mora, B. Ortega, and J. Capmany, “Optical UWB pulse generator using an N tap microwave photonic filter and phase inversion adaptable to different pulse modulation formats,” Opt. Express 17(7), 5023–5032 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. H. Chen, T. Wang, M. Li, M. Chen, and S. Xie, “Optically tunable multiband UWB pulse generation,” Opt. Express 16(10), 7447–7452 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. H. Chen, C. Qiu, M. Chen, and S. Xie, “Multiband UWB pulse generation using hybrid photonic microwave filters,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper JThA66.
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    [CrossRef]
  17. J. Mora, B. Ortega, A. Díez, J. L. Cruz, M. V. Andrés, J. Capmany, and D. Pastor, “Photonic microwave tunable single-bandpass filter based on a Mach-Zehnder interferometer,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(7), 2500–2509 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  18. M. Abtahi, M. Dastmalchi, S. LaRochelle, and L. A. Rusch, “Generation of arbitrary UWB waveforms by spectral pulse shaping and thermally-controlled apodized FBGs,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(23), 5276–5283 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  19. J. D. McKinney, “Background-free arbitrary waveform generation via polarization pulse shaping,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(16), 1193–1195 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  20. C. Dorrer, “Temporal van Cittert-Zernike theorem and its application to the measurement of chromatic dispersion,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21(8), 1417–1423 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  21. C. Dorrer, “Statistical analysis of incoherent pulse shaping,” Opt. Express 17(5), 3341–3352 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010 (5)

O. Mendoza-Yero, G. Mínguez-Vega, J. Lancis, and V. Climent, “Diffractive pulse shaper for arbitrary waveform generation,” Opt. Lett. 35(4), 535–537 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Wang and J. Yao, “Large time-bandwidth product microwave arbitrary waveform generation using a spatially discrete chirped fiber bragg grating,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28(11), 1652–1660 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. He, N. Fontaine, R. P. Scott, D. J. Geisler, J. P. Heritage, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Optical arbitrary waveform generation-based packet generation and all-optical separation for optical-label switching,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(10), 715–717 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Mu and J. Yao, “Photonic generation of UWB pulses with pulse position modulation,” Electron. Lett. 46(1), 99–100 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. D. McKinney, “Background-free arbitrary waveform generation via polarization pulse shaping,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(16), 1193–1195 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (3)

M. Abtahi, M. Dastmalchi, S. LaRochelle, and L. A. Rusch, “Generation of arbitrary UWB waveforms by spectral pulse shaping and thermally-controlled apodized FBGs,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(23), 5276–5283 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Dorrer, “Statistical analysis of incoherent pulse shaping,” Opt. Express 17(5), 3341–3352 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Bolea, J. Mora, B. Ortega, and J. Capmany, “Optical UWB pulse generator using an N tap microwave photonic filter and phase inversion adaptable to different pulse modulation formats,” Opt. Express 17(7), 5023–5032 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (2)

H. Chen, T. Wang, M. Li, M. Chen, and S. Xie, “Optically tunable multiband UWB pulse generation,” Opt. Express 16(10), 7447–7452 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Chen, M. Chen, T. Wang, M. Li, and S. Xie, “Methods for Ultra-Wideband Pulse Generation Based on Optical Cross-Polarization Modulation,” J. Lightwave Technol. 26(15), 2492–2499 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

J. Capmany and D. Novak, “Microwave photonics combines two worlds,” Nat. Photonics 1(6), 319–330 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Chi and J. Yao, “Symmetrical waveform generation based on temporal pulse shaping using amplitude-only modulator,” Electron. Lett. 43(7), 415–417 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (5)

J. D. McKinney, I. S. Lin, and A. M. Weiner, “Ultrabroadband arbitrary electromagnetic wavefom synthesis,” Opt. Photon. News 17(4), 24–29 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Jiang, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, “Optical arbitrary waveform generation and characterization using spectral line-by-line control,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(7), 2487–2494 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. D. McKinney, I. S. Lin, and A. M. Weiner, “Shaping the Power Spectrum of Ultra-Wideband Radio-Frequency Signals,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54(12), 4247–4255 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Capmany, B. Ortega, and D. Pastor, “A Tutorial on Microwave Photonic Filters,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(1), 201–229 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Mora, B. Ortega, A. Díez, J. L. Cruz, M. V. Andrés, J. Capmany, and D. Pastor, “Photonic microwave tunable single-bandpass filter based on a Mach-Zehnder interferometer,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(7), 2500–2509 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

J. Azaña, N. K. Berger, B. Levit, and B. Fischer, “Reconfigurable generation of high-repetition-rate optical pulse sequences based on time-domain phase-only filtering,” Opt. Lett. 30(23), 3228–3230 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

C. Dorrer, “Temporal van Cittert-Zernike theorem and its application to the measurement of chromatic dispersion,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21(8), 1417–1423 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

G. R. Aiello and G. D. Rogerson, “Ultra-Wideband wireless systems,” IEEE Microw. Mag. 4(2), 36–47 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Abtahi, M.

M. Abtahi, M. Dastmalchi, S. LaRochelle, and L. A. Rusch, “Generation of arbitrary UWB waveforms by spectral pulse shaping and thermally-controlled apodized FBGs,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(23), 5276–5283 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Aiello, G. R.

G. R. Aiello and G. D. Rogerson, “Ultra-Wideband wireless systems,” IEEE Microw. Mag. 4(2), 36–47 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Andrés, M. V.

J. Mora, B. Ortega, A. Díez, J. L. Cruz, M. V. Andrés, J. Capmany, and D. Pastor, “Photonic microwave tunable single-bandpass filter based on a Mach-Zehnder interferometer,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(7), 2500–2509 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Azaña, J.

J. Azaña, N. K. Berger, B. Levit, and B. Fischer, “Reconfigurable generation of high-repetition-rate optical pulse sequences based on time-domain phase-only filtering,” Opt. Lett. 30(23), 3228–3230 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Berger, N. K.

J. Azaña, N. K. Berger, B. Levit, and B. Fischer, “Reconfigurable generation of high-repetition-rate optical pulse sequences based on time-domain phase-only filtering,” Opt. Lett. 30(23), 3228–3230 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bolea, M.

M. Bolea, J. Mora, B. Ortega, and J. Capmany, “Optical UWB pulse generator using an N tap microwave photonic filter and phase inversion adaptable to different pulse modulation formats,” Opt. Express 17(7), 5023–5032 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Capmany, J.

M. Bolea, J. Mora, B. Ortega, and J. Capmany, “Optical UWB pulse generator using an N tap microwave photonic filter and phase inversion adaptable to different pulse modulation formats,” Opt. Express 17(7), 5023–5032 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Capmany and D. Novak, “Microwave photonics combines two worlds,” Nat. Photonics 1(6), 319–330 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Capmany, B. Ortega, and D. Pastor, “A Tutorial on Microwave Photonic Filters,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(1), 201–229 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Mora, B. Ortega, A. Díez, J. L. Cruz, M. V. Andrés, J. Capmany, and D. Pastor, “Photonic microwave tunable single-bandpass filter based on a Mach-Zehnder interferometer,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(7), 2500–2509 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chen, H.

H. Chen, T. Wang, M. Li, M. Chen, and S. Xie, “Optically tunable multiband UWB pulse generation,” Opt. Express 16(10), 7447–7452 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Chen, M. Chen, T. Wang, M. Li, and S. Xie, “Methods for Ultra-Wideband Pulse Generation Based on Optical Cross-Polarization Modulation,” J. Lightwave Technol. 26(15), 2492–2499 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chen, M.

H. Chen, M. Chen, T. Wang, M. Li, and S. Xie, “Methods for Ultra-Wideband Pulse Generation Based on Optical Cross-Polarization Modulation,” J. Lightwave Technol. 26(15), 2492–2499 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Chen, T. Wang, M. Li, M. Chen, and S. Xie, “Optically tunable multiband UWB pulse generation,” Opt. Express 16(10), 7447–7452 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chi, H.

H. Chi and J. Yao, “Symmetrical waveform generation based on temporal pulse shaping using amplitude-only modulator,” Electron. Lett. 43(7), 415–417 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Climent, V.

O. Mendoza-Yero, G. Mínguez-Vega, J. Lancis, and V. Climent, “Diffractive pulse shaper for arbitrary waveform generation,” Opt. Lett. 35(4), 535–537 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cruz, J. L.

J. Mora, B. Ortega, A. Díez, J. L. Cruz, M. V. Andrés, J. Capmany, and D. Pastor, “Photonic microwave tunable single-bandpass filter based on a Mach-Zehnder interferometer,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(7), 2500–2509 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Dastmalchi, M.

M. Abtahi, M. Dastmalchi, S. LaRochelle, and L. A. Rusch, “Generation of arbitrary UWB waveforms by spectral pulse shaping and thermally-controlled apodized FBGs,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(23), 5276–5283 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Díez, A.

J. Mora, B. Ortega, A. Díez, J. L. Cruz, M. V. Andrés, J. Capmany, and D. Pastor, “Photonic microwave tunable single-bandpass filter based on a Mach-Zehnder interferometer,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(7), 2500–2509 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Dorrer, C.

C. Dorrer, “Statistical analysis of incoherent pulse shaping,” Opt. Express 17(5), 3341–3352 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Dorrer, “Temporal van Cittert-Zernike theorem and its application to the measurement of chromatic dispersion,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21(8), 1417–1423 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Fischer, B.

J. Azaña, N. K. Berger, B. Levit, and B. Fischer, “Reconfigurable generation of high-repetition-rate optical pulse sequences based on time-domain phase-only filtering,” Opt. Lett. 30(23), 3228–3230 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fontaine, N.

T. He, N. Fontaine, R. P. Scott, D. J. Geisler, J. P. Heritage, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Optical arbitrary waveform generation-based packet generation and all-optical separation for optical-label switching,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(10), 715–717 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Geisler, D. J.

T. He, N. Fontaine, R. P. Scott, D. J. Geisler, J. P. Heritage, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Optical arbitrary waveform generation-based packet generation and all-optical separation for optical-label switching,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(10), 715–717 (2010).
[CrossRef]

He, T.

T. He, N. Fontaine, R. P. Scott, D. J. Geisler, J. P. Heritage, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Optical arbitrary waveform generation-based packet generation and all-optical separation for optical-label switching,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(10), 715–717 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Heritage, J. P.

T. He, N. Fontaine, R. P. Scott, D. J. Geisler, J. P. Heritage, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Optical arbitrary waveform generation-based packet generation and all-optical separation for optical-label switching,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(10), 715–717 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, C.

C. Jiang, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, “Optical arbitrary waveform generation and characterization using spectral line-by-line control,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(7), 2487–2494 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lancis, J.

O. Mendoza-Yero, G. Mínguez-Vega, J. Lancis, and V. Climent, “Diffractive pulse shaper for arbitrary waveform generation,” Opt. Lett. 35(4), 535–537 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

LaRochelle, S.

M. Abtahi, M. Dastmalchi, S. LaRochelle, and L. A. Rusch, “Generation of arbitrary UWB waveforms by spectral pulse shaping and thermally-controlled apodized FBGs,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(23), 5276–5283 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Leaird, D. E.

C. Jiang, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, “Optical arbitrary waveform generation and characterization using spectral line-by-line control,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(7), 2487–2494 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Levit, B.

J. Azaña, N. K. Berger, B. Levit, and B. Fischer, “Reconfigurable generation of high-repetition-rate optical pulse sequences based on time-domain phase-only filtering,” Opt. Lett. 30(23), 3228–3230 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, M.

H. Chen, M. Chen, T. Wang, M. Li, and S. Xie, “Methods for Ultra-Wideband Pulse Generation Based on Optical Cross-Polarization Modulation,” J. Lightwave Technol. 26(15), 2492–2499 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Chen, T. Wang, M. Li, M. Chen, and S. Xie, “Optically tunable multiband UWB pulse generation,” Opt. Express 16(10), 7447–7452 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lin, I. S.

J. D. McKinney, I. S. Lin, and A. M. Weiner, “Shaping the Power Spectrum of Ultra-Wideband Radio-Frequency Signals,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54(12), 4247–4255 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. D. McKinney, I. S. Lin, and A. M. Weiner, “Ultrabroadband arbitrary electromagnetic wavefom synthesis,” Opt. Photon. News 17(4), 24–29 (2006).
[CrossRef]

McKinney, J. D.

J. D. McKinney, “Background-free arbitrary waveform generation via polarization pulse shaping,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(16), 1193–1195 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. D. McKinney, I. S. Lin, and A. M. Weiner, “Ultrabroadband arbitrary electromagnetic wavefom synthesis,” Opt. Photon. News 17(4), 24–29 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. D. McKinney, I. S. Lin, and A. M. Weiner, “Shaping the Power Spectrum of Ultra-Wideband Radio-Frequency Signals,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54(12), 4247–4255 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mendoza-Yero, O.

O. Mendoza-Yero, G. Mínguez-Vega, J. Lancis, and V. Climent, “Diffractive pulse shaper for arbitrary waveform generation,” Opt. Lett. 35(4), 535–537 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mínguez-Vega, G.

O. Mendoza-Yero, G. Mínguez-Vega, J. Lancis, and V. Climent, “Diffractive pulse shaper for arbitrary waveform generation,” Opt. Lett. 35(4), 535–537 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mora, J.

M. Bolea, J. Mora, B. Ortega, and J. Capmany, “Optical UWB pulse generator using an N tap microwave photonic filter and phase inversion adaptable to different pulse modulation formats,” Opt. Express 17(7), 5023–5032 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Mora, B. Ortega, A. Díez, J. L. Cruz, M. V. Andrés, J. Capmany, and D. Pastor, “Photonic microwave tunable single-bandpass filter based on a Mach-Zehnder interferometer,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(7), 2500–2509 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mu, H.

H. Mu and J. Yao, “Photonic generation of UWB pulses with pulse position modulation,” Electron. Lett. 46(1), 99–100 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Novak, D.

J. Capmany and D. Novak, “Microwave photonics combines two worlds,” Nat. Photonics 1(6), 319–330 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ortega, B.

M. Bolea, J. Mora, B. Ortega, and J. Capmany, “Optical UWB pulse generator using an N tap microwave photonic filter and phase inversion adaptable to different pulse modulation formats,” Opt. Express 17(7), 5023–5032 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Capmany, B. Ortega, and D. Pastor, “A Tutorial on Microwave Photonic Filters,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(1), 201–229 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Mora, B. Ortega, A. Díez, J. L. Cruz, M. V. Andrés, J. Capmany, and D. Pastor, “Photonic microwave tunable single-bandpass filter based on a Mach-Zehnder interferometer,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(7), 2500–2509 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Pastor, D.

J. Mora, B. Ortega, A. Díez, J. L. Cruz, M. V. Andrés, J. Capmany, and D. Pastor, “Photonic microwave tunable single-bandpass filter based on a Mach-Zehnder interferometer,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(7), 2500–2509 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Capmany, B. Ortega, and D. Pastor, “A Tutorial on Microwave Photonic Filters,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(1), 201–229 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Rogerson, G. D.

G. R. Aiello and G. D. Rogerson, “Ultra-Wideband wireless systems,” IEEE Microw. Mag. 4(2), 36–47 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Rusch, L. A.

M. Abtahi, M. Dastmalchi, S. LaRochelle, and L. A. Rusch, “Generation of arbitrary UWB waveforms by spectral pulse shaping and thermally-controlled apodized FBGs,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(23), 5276–5283 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Scott, R. P.

T. He, N. Fontaine, R. P. Scott, D. J. Geisler, J. P. Heritage, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Optical arbitrary waveform generation-based packet generation and all-optical separation for optical-label switching,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(10), 715–717 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wang, C.

C. Wang and J. Yao, “Large time-bandwidth product microwave arbitrary waveform generation using a spatially discrete chirped fiber bragg grating,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28(11), 1652–1660 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wang, T.

H. Chen, T. Wang, M. Li, M. Chen, and S. Xie, “Optically tunable multiband UWB pulse generation,” Opt. Express 16(10), 7447–7452 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Chen, M. Chen, T. Wang, M. Li, and S. Xie, “Methods for Ultra-Wideband Pulse Generation Based on Optical Cross-Polarization Modulation,” J. Lightwave Technol. 26(15), 2492–2499 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Weiner, A. M.

J. D. McKinney, I. S. Lin, and A. M. Weiner, “Shaping the Power Spectrum of Ultra-Wideband Radio-Frequency Signals,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54(12), 4247–4255 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. D. McKinney, I. S. Lin, and A. M. Weiner, “Ultrabroadband arbitrary electromagnetic wavefom synthesis,” Opt. Photon. News 17(4), 24–29 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Jiang, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, “Optical arbitrary waveform generation and characterization using spectral line-by-line control,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(7), 2487–2494 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Xie, S.

H. Chen, M. Chen, T. Wang, M. Li, and S. Xie, “Methods for Ultra-Wideband Pulse Generation Based on Optical Cross-Polarization Modulation,” J. Lightwave Technol. 26(15), 2492–2499 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Chen, T. Wang, M. Li, M. Chen, and S. Xie, “Optically tunable multiband UWB pulse generation,” Opt. Express 16(10), 7447–7452 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yao, J.

C. Wang and J. Yao, “Large time-bandwidth product microwave arbitrary waveform generation using a spatially discrete chirped fiber bragg grating,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28(11), 1652–1660 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Mu and J. Yao, “Photonic generation of UWB pulses with pulse position modulation,” Electron. Lett. 46(1), 99–100 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Chi and J. Yao, “Symmetrical waveform generation based on temporal pulse shaping using amplitude-only modulator,” Electron. Lett. 43(7), 415–417 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yoo, S. J. B.

T. He, N. Fontaine, R. P. Scott, D. J. Geisler, J. P. Heritage, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Optical arbitrary waveform generation-based packet generation and all-optical separation for optical-label switching,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(10), 715–717 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

H. Chi and J. Yao, “Symmetrical waveform generation based on temporal pulse shaping using amplitude-only modulator,” Electron. Lett. 43(7), 415–417 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Mu and J. Yao, “Photonic generation of UWB pulses with pulse position modulation,” Electron. Lett. 46(1), 99–100 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Microw. Mag. (1)

G. R. Aiello and G. D. Rogerson, “Ultra-Wideband wireless systems,” IEEE Microw. Mag. 4(2), 36–47 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

J. D. McKinney, “Background-free arbitrary waveform generation via polarization pulse shaping,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(16), 1193–1195 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. He, N. Fontaine, R. P. Scott, D. J. Geisler, J. P. Heritage, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Optical arbitrary waveform generation-based packet generation and all-optical separation for optical-label switching,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(10), 715–717 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. (1)

J. D. McKinney, I. S. Lin, and A. M. Weiner, “Shaping the Power Spectrum of Ultra-Wideband Radio-Frequency Signals,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54(12), 4247–4255 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (6)

C. Wang and J. Yao, “Large time-bandwidth product microwave arbitrary waveform generation using a spatially discrete chirped fiber bragg grating,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28(11), 1652–1660 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Jiang, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, “Optical arbitrary waveform generation and characterization using spectral line-by-line control,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(7), 2487–2494 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Capmany, B. Ortega, and D. Pastor, “A Tutorial on Microwave Photonic Filters,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(1), 201–229 (2006).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental layout of AWG based on a single bandpass photonic filter with balanced photodetection. Insets (a) and (b) represent the optical power in points A and B which are plotted as a function of the central optical frequency ω0 and normalized to the optical periodicity Δω which is related to Δτ by Δω = 2π/ Δτ.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Theoretical results of frequency response of the system for 1 THz uniform optical source power profile, 115 ps2 of dispersion and Δτ = 4.98 ps when photodetection is considered in port 1 (a), port 2 (b) and balanced operation (c). The corresponding temporal responses are plotted in (d), (e) and (f), respectively.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Experimental results in solid line of waveforms obtained for 1 THz uniform optical source power profile, 115 ps2 of dispersion and Δτ = 4.98 ps when photodetection is considered in port 1 and port 2 (a), and balanced operation (c). The corresponding electrical powers are plotted in (b) and (d) respectively. Theoretical results enclosed by dashed line.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Experimental optical signal spectra at points A (dashed line) and B (solid line) for a gaussian profile of a 16 nm 3-dB optical bandwidth. (b) Experimental electrical powers for passband tuned at different frequencies, theoretical simulations are in dashed line, respectively (FCC mask included in bold line).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

The corresponding signal waveforms of the electrical powers in Fig, 3b (a) 4 GHz, (b) 7 GHz and (c) 10 GHz. Theoretical results added in dashed line.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(a) Generated signal frequency experimentally measured (■) and theoretical prediction (dashed line). (b) Relationship between 10-dB channel bandwidth (●) and optical source width. Theoretical prediction obtained by numerical simulation (dashed line).

Equations (7)

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H DISP ( ω ) = e j φ ( ω )   where   φ ( ω ) = φ 0 + φ ˙ 0 ( ω ω 0 ) + 1 2 φ ¨ 0 ( ω ω 0 ) 2
H MZI OUT1 ( ω ) = 1 2 ( e jωτ 1 + e jωτ 2 )
H MZI OUT1 ( ω ) = 1 2 ( e jωτ 1 e jωτ 2 )
H RF ( Ω ) = H OUT1 RF ( Ω ) H OUT2 RF ( Ω )
H RF ( Ω ) = cos ( 1 2 φ ¨ 0 Ω ( Ω Ω 0 ) ) H 0 RF ( Ω Ω 0 ) + cos ( 1 2 φ ¨ 0 Ω ( Ω + Ω 0 ) ) H 0 RF ( Ω + Ω 0 )
H 0 RF ( Ω ) = S(ω) e φ ¨ 0 ( ω ω 0 ) Ω S(ω)dω
Ω 0 = Δ τ | φ ¨ 0 |

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