Abstract

We apply spatially and spectrally resolved interferometry to measure the complex ratio between the field circulating inside a high-finesse femtosecond enhancement cavity and the seeding field. Our simple and highly sensitive method enables the measurement of single-round-trip group delay dispersion of a fully loaded cavity at resonance for the first time. Group delay dispersion can be determined with a reproducibility better than 1 fs2 allowing the investigation of nonlinear processes triggered by the high intracavity power. The required data acquisition time is less than 1 s.

© 2010 OSA

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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2010 (3)

B. Bernhardt, A. Ozawa, P. Jacquet, M. Jacquey, Y. Kobayashi, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, G. Guelachvili, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picqué, “Cavity-enhanced dual-comb spectroscopy,” Nat. Photonics 4, 55–57 (2010).
[CrossRef]

I. Pupeza, T. Eidam, J. Rauschenberger, B. Bernhardt, A. Ozawa, E. Fill, A. Apolonski, Th. Udem, J. Limpert, Z. A. Alahmed, A. M. Azzeer, A. Tünnermann, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Power scaling of a high repetition rate enhancement cavity,” Opt. Lett. 12, 2052–2054 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. E. Adams, T. A. Planchon, J. A. Squier, and C. G. Durfee, “Spatiotemporal dynamics of cross-polarized wave generation,” Opt. Lett. 35, 1115–1117 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (3)

2008 (7)

P. Bowlan, P. Gabolde, M. A. Coughlan, R. Trebino, and R. J. Levis, “Measuring the spatiotemporal electric field of ultrashort pulses with high spatial and spectral resolution,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, A81–A92 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Yost, T. R. Schibli, and J. Ye, “Efficient output coupling of intracavity high harmonic generation,” Opt. Lett. 33, 1099–1101 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Börzsönyi, Z. Heiner, M. P. Kalashnikov, A. P. Kovács, and K. Osvay, “Dispersion measurement of inert gases and gas mixtures at 800 nm,” Appl. Opt. 47, 4856–4863 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Börzsönyi, A. P. Kovács, M. Görbe, and K. Osvay, “Advances and limitations of phase dispersion measurement by spectrally and spatially resolved interferometry,” Opt. Commun. 281, 3051–3061 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Ozawa, J. Rauschenberger, C. Gohle, M. Herrmann, D. R. Walker, V. Pervak, A. Fernandez, R. Graf, A. Apolonski, R. Holzwarth, F. Krausz, T. W. Hänsch, and Th. Udem, “High Harmonic Frequency Combs for High Resolution Spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 253901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Eidam, F. Röser, O. Schmidt, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “57 W, 27 fs pulses from a fiber laser system using nonlinear compression,” Appl. Phys. B 92, 9–12 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Theuer, D. Molter, K. Maki, C. Otani, J. A. Lhuillier, and R. Beigang, “Terahertz generation in an actively controlled femtosecond enhancement cavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 041119 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (3)

C. Gohle, B. Stein, A. Schliesser, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, “Frequency Comb Vernier Spectroscopy for Broadband, High-Resolution, High-Sensitivity Absorption and Dispersion Spectra,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 263902 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. Osvay, A. Börzsönyi, A. P. Kovács, M. Görbe, G. Kurdi, and M. P. Lalashnikov, “Dispersion of femtosecond laser pulses in beam pipelines from ambient pressure to 0.1 mbar,” Appl. Phys. B 87, 457–461 (2007).
[CrossRef]

I. Hartl, T. R. Schibli, A. Marcinkevicius, D. C. Yost, D. D. Hudson, M. E. Fermann, and J. Ye, “Cavity-enhanced similariton Yb-fiber laser frequency comb: 3 × 1014 W/cm2 peak intensity at 136MHz,” Opt. Lett. 32, 2870–2872 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (2)

2005 (4)

F. V. Hartemann, W. J. Brown, D. J. Gibson, S. G. Anderson, A. M. Tremaine, P. T. Springer, A. J. Wootton, E. P. Hartouni, and C. P. J. Barty, “High-energy scaling of Compton scattering light sources,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Acc. Beams 8, 100702 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. Gohle, Th. Udem, M. Herrmann, J. Rauschenberger, R. Holzwarth, H. A. Schuessler, F. Krausz, and T. W. Hänsch, “A frequency comb in the extreme ultraviolet,” Nature 436, 234–237 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. J. Jones, K. D. Moll, M. J. Thorpe, and J. Ye, “Phase-Coherent Frequency Combs in the Vacuum Ultraviolet via High-Harmonic Generation inside a Femtosecond Enhancement Cavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 193201 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Thorpe, R. Jones, K. Moll, J. Ye, and R. Lalezari, “Precise measurements of optical cavity dispersion and mirror coating properties via femtosecond combs,” Opt. Express 13, 882–888 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

A. N. Luiten and J. C. Petersen, “Ultrafast resonant polarization interferometry: Towards the first direct detection of vacuum polarization,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 033801 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Optical frequency metrology,” Nature 16, 233–237 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

C. J. Hood, H. J. Kimble, and J. Ye, “Characterization of high-finesse mirrors: Loss, phase shifts, and mode structure in an optical cavity,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 033804 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

M. Hentschel, Z. Cheng, F. Krausz, and Ch. Spielmann, “Generation of 0.1-TW optical pulses with a single-stage Ti:sapphire amplifier at a 1-kHz repetition rate,” Appl. Phys. B 70, 161–164 (2000).

1997 (1)

1995 (2)

A. P. Kovács, K. Osvay, Zs. Bor, and R. Szipöcs, “Group-delay measurement on laser mirrors by spectrally resolved white-light interferometry,” Opt. Lett. 20, 788–790 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Lepetit, G. Cheriaux, and M. Joffre, “Linear techniques of phase measurement by femtosecond spectral interferometry for applications in spectroscopy,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 24672474 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

1988 (1)

R. G. DeVoe, C. Fabre, K. Jungmann, J. Hoffnagle, and R. G. Brewer, “Precision Optical-Frequency- Difference Measurements,” Phys. Rev. A 37, 1802–1805 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1980 (1)

T. W. Hänsch and B. Couillaud, “Laser Frequency Stabilization by Polarization Spectroscopy of a Reflecting Reference Cavity,” Opt. Commun. 35, 441 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1973 (1)

C. Froehly, A. Lacourt, and J. C. Vienot, “Time impulse response and time frequency response of optical pupils,” Nouv. Rev. Opt. 4, 183–196 (1973).
[CrossRef]

1972 (1)

Adams, D. E.

Alahmed, Z. A.

I. Pupeza, T. Eidam, J. Rauschenberger, B. Bernhardt, A. Ozawa, E. Fill, A. Apolonski, Th. Udem, J. Limpert, Z. A. Alahmed, A. M. Azzeer, A. Tünnermann, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Power scaling of a high repetition rate enhancement cavity,” Opt. Lett. 12, 2052–2054 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Albert, O.

K. Osvay, L. Canova, C. Durfee, A. P. Kovács, Á. Börzsönyi, O. Albert, and R. Lopez Martens, “Preservation of the carrier envelope phase during cross-polarized wave generation,” Opt. Express 25, 22358–22365 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Anderson, S. G.

F. V. Hartemann, W. J. Brown, D. J. Gibson, S. G. Anderson, A. M. Tremaine, P. T. Springer, A. J. Wootton, E. P. Hartouni, and C. P. J. Barty, “High-energy scaling of Compton scattering light sources,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Acc. Beams 8, 100702 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Apolonski, A.

I. Pupeza, T. Eidam, J. Rauschenberger, B. Bernhardt, A. Ozawa, E. Fill, A. Apolonski, Th. Udem, J. Limpert, Z. A. Alahmed, A. M. Azzeer, A. Tünnermann, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Power scaling of a high repetition rate enhancement cavity,” Opt. Lett. 12, 2052–2054 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Ozawa, J. Rauschenberger, C. Gohle, M. Herrmann, D. R. Walker, V. Pervak, A. Fernandez, R. Graf, A. Apolonski, R. Holzwarth, F. Krausz, T. W. Hänsch, and Th. Udem, “High Harmonic Frequency Combs for High Resolution Spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 253901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Azzeer, A. M.

I. Pupeza, T. Eidam, J. Rauschenberger, B. Bernhardt, A. Ozawa, E. Fill, A. Apolonski, Th. Udem, J. Limpert, Z. A. Alahmed, A. M. Azzeer, A. Tünnermann, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Power scaling of a high repetition rate enhancement cavity,” Opt. Lett. 12, 2052–2054 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Barty, C. P. J.

F. V. Hartemann, W. J. Brown, D. J. Gibson, S. G. Anderson, A. M. Tremaine, P. T. Springer, A. J. Wootton, E. P. Hartouni, and C. P. J. Barty, “High-energy scaling of Compton scattering light sources,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Acc. Beams 8, 100702 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Beigang, R.

M. Theuer, D. Molter, K. Maki, C. Otani, J. A. Lhuillier, and R. Beigang, “Terahertz generation in an actively controlled femtosecond enhancement cavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 041119 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bernhardt, B.

B. Bernhardt, A. Ozawa, P. Jacquet, M. Jacquey, Y. Kobayashi, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, G. Guelachvili, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picqué, “Cavity-enhanced dual-comb spectroscopy,” Nat. Photonics 4, 55–57 (2010).
[CrossRef]

I. Pupeza, T. Eidam, J. Rauschenberger, B. Bernhardt, A. Ozawa, E. Fill, A. Apolonski, Th. Udem, J. Limpert, Z. A. Alahmed, A. M. Azzeer, A. Tünnermann, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Power scaling of a high repetition rate enhancement cavity,” Opt. Lett. 12, 2052–2054 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bor, Zs.

Börzsönyi, A.

A. Börzsönyi, A. P. Kovács, M. Görbe, and K. Osvay, “Advances and limitations of phase dispersion measurement by spectrally and spatially resolved interferometry,” Opt. Commun. 281, 3051–3061 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Börzsönyi, Z. Heiner, M. P. Kalashnikov, A. P. Kovács, and K. Osvay, “Dispersion measurement of inert gases and gas mixtures at 800 nm,” Appl. Opt. 47, 4856–4863 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Osvay, A. Börzsönyi, A. P. Kovács, M. Görbe, G. Kurdi, and M. P. Lalashnikov, “Dispersion of femtosecond laser pulses in beam pipelines from ambient pressure to 0.1 mbar,” Appl. Phys. B 87, 457–461 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Börzsönyi, Á.

K. Osvay, L. Canova, C. Durfee, A. P. Kovács, Á. Börzsönyi, O. Albert, and R. Lopez Martens, “Preservation of the carrier envelope phase during cross-polarized wave generation,” Opt. Express 25, 22358–22365 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. Osvay, Á. Börzsönyi, Z. Heiner, A. P. Kovács, and M. P. Kalashnikov, “Measurement of Pressure Dependent Nonlinear Refractive Index of Inert Gases,” CLEO 2009, paper CMU7.

Bowlan, P.

Brewer, R. G.

R. G. DeVoe, C. Fabre, K. Jungmann, J. Hoffnagle, and R. G. Brewer, “Precision Optical-Frequency- Difference Measurements,” Phys. Rev. A 37, 1802–1805 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brown, W. J.

F. V. Hartemann, W. J. Brown, D. J. Gibson, S. G. Anderson, A. M. Tremaine, P. T. Springer, A. J. Wootton, E. P. Hartouni, and C. P. J. Barty, “High-energy scaling of Compton scattering light sources,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Acc. Beams 8, 100702 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Canova, L.

K. Osvay, L. Canova, C. Durfee, A. P. Kovács, Á. Börzsönyi, O. Albert, and R. Lopez Martens, “Preservation of the carrier envelope phase during cross-polarized wave generation,” Opt. Express 25, 22358–22365 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, Z.

M. Hentschel, Z. Cheng, F. Krausz, and Ch. Spielmann, “Generation of 0.1-TW optical pulses with a single-stage Ti:sapphire amplifier at a 1-kHz repetition rate,” Appl. Phys. B 70, 161–164 (2000).

Cheriaux, G.

L. Lepetit, G. Cheriaux, and M. Joffre, “Linear techniques of phase measurement by femtosecond spectral interferometry for applications in spectroscopy,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 24672474 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Coughlan, M. A.

Couillaud, B.

T. W. Hänsch and B. Couillaud, “Laser Frequency Stabilization by Polarization Spectroscopy of a Reflecting Reference Cavity,” Opt. Commun. 35, 441 (1980).
[CrossRef]

DeVoe, R. G.

R. G. DeVoe, C. Fabre, K. Jungmann, J. Hoffnagle, and R. G. Brewer, “Precision Optical-Frequency- Difference Measurements,” Phys. Rev. A 37, 1802–1805 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Durfee, C.

K. Osvay, L. Canova, C. Durfee, A. P. Kovács, Á. Börzsönyi, O. Albert, and R. Lopez Martens, “Preservation of the carrier envelope phase during cross-polarized wave generation,” Opt. Express 25, 22358–22365 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Durfee, C. G.

Eidam, T.

I. Pupeza, T. Eidam, J. Rauschenberger, B. Bernhardt, A. Ozawa, E. Fill, A. Apolonski, Th. Udem, J. Limpert, Z. A. Alahmed, A. M. Azzeer, A. Tünnermann, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Power scaling of a high repetition rate enhancement cavity,” Opt. Lett. 12, 2052–2054 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Eidam, F. Röser, O. Schmidt, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “57 W, 27 fs pulses from a fiber laser system using nonlinear compression,” Appl. Phys. B 92, 9–12 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fabre, C.

R. G. DeVoe, C. Fabre, K. Jungmann, J. Hoffnagle, and R. G. Brewer, “Precision Optical-Frequency- Difference Measurements,” Phys. Rev. A 37, 1802–1805 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fermann, M. E.

Fernandez, A.

A. Ozawa, J. Rauschenberger, C. Gohle, M. Herrmann, D. R. Walker, V. Pervak, A. Fernandez, R. Graf, A. Apolonski, R. Holzwarth, F. Krausz, T. W. Hänsch, and Th. Udem, “High Harmonic Frequency Combs for High Resolution Spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 253901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fill, E.

I. Pupeza, T. Eidam, J. Rauschenberger, B. Bernhardt, A. Ozawa, E. Fill, A. Apolonski, Th. Udem, J. Limpert, Z. A. Alahmed, A. M. Azzeer, A. Tünnermann, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Power scaling of a high repetition rate enhancement cavity,” Opt. Lett. 12, 2052–2054 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Froehly, C.

C. Froehly, A. Lacourt, and J. C. Vienot, “Time impulse response and time frequency response of optical pupils,” Nouv. Rev. Opt. 4, 183–196 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Gabolde, P.

Gibson, D. J.

F. V. Hartemann, W. J. Brown, D. J. Gibson, S. G. Anderson, A. M. Tremaine, P. T. Springer, A. J. Wootton, E. P. Hartouni, and C. P. J. Barty, “High-energy scaling of Compton scattering light sources,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Acc. Beams 8, 100702 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gohle, C.

A. Ozawa, J. Rauschenberger, C. Gohle, M. Herrmann, D. R. Walker, V. Pervak, A. Fernandez, R. Graf, A. Apolonski, R. Holzwarth, F. Krausz, T. W. Hänsch, and Th. Udem, “High Harmonic Frequency Combs for High Resolution Spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 253901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Gohle, B. Stein, A. Schliesser, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, “Frequency Comb Vernier Spectroscopy for Broadband, High-Resolution, High-Sensitivity Absorption and Dispersion Spectra,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 263902 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Schliesser, C. Gohle, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, “Complete characterization of a broadband high-finesse cavity using an optical frequency comb,” Opt. Express 14, 5975–5983 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Gohle, Th. Udem, M. Herrmann, J. Rauschenberger, R. Holzwarth, H. A. Schuessler, F. Krausz, and T. W. Hänsch, “A frequency comb in the extreme ultraviolet,” Nature 436, 234–237 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Görbe, M.

A. Börzsönyi, A. P. Kovács, M. Görbe, and K. Osvay, “Advances and limitations of phase dispersion measurement by spectrally and spatially resolved interferometry,” Opt. Commun. 281, 3051–3061 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. Osvay, A. Börzsönyi, A. P. Kovács, M. Görbe, G. Kurdi, and M. P. Lalashnikov, “Dispersion of femtosecond laser pulses in beam pipelines from ambient pressure to 0.1 mbar,” Appl. Phys. B 87, 457–461 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Graf, R.

A. Ozawa, J. Rauschenberger, C. Gohle, M. Herrmann, D. R. Walker, V. Pervak, A. Fernandez, R. Graf, A. Apolonski, R. Holzwarth, F. Krausz, T. W. Hänsch, and Th. Udem, “High Harmonic Frequency Combs for High Resolution Spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 253901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Graves, W. S.

F. X. Kaertner, W. S. Graves, D. E. Moncton, and F. O. Ilday, US Patent Application Publication US2006/0251217 A1 (2006).

Guelachvili, G.

B. Bernhardt, A. Ozawa, P. Jacquet, M. Jacquey, Y. Kobayashi, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, G. Guelachvili, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picqué, “Cavity-enhanced dual-comb spectroscopy,” Nat. Photonics 4, 55–57 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hammond, T. J.

Hänsch, T. W.

B. Bernhardt, A. Ozawa, P. Jacquet, M. Jacquey, Y. Kobayashi, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, G. Guelachvili, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picqué, “Cavity-enhanced dual-comb spectroscopy,” Nat. Photonics 4, 55–57 (2010).
[CrossRef]

I. Pupeza, T. Eidam, J. Rauschenberger, B. Bernhardt, A. Ozawa, E. Fill, A. Apolonski, Th. Udem, J. Limpert, Z. A. Alahmed, A. M. Azzeer, A. Tünnermann, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Power scaling of a high repetition rate enhancement cavity,” Opt. Lett. 12, 2052–2054 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Ozawa, J. Rauschenberger, C. Gohle, M. Herrmann, D. R. Walker, V. Pervak, A. Fernandez, R. Graf, A. Apolonski, R. Holzwarth, F. Krausz, T. W. Hänsch, and Th. Udem, “High Harmonic Frequency Combs for High Resolution Spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 253901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Gohle, B. Stein, A. Schliesser, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, “Frequency Comb Vernier Spectroscopy for Broadband, High-Resolution, High-Sensitivity Absorption and Dispersion Spectra,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 263902 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Schliesser, C. Gohle, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, “Complete characterization of a broadband high-finesse cavity using an optical frequency comb,” Opt. Express 14, 5975–5983 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Gohle, Th. Udem, M. Herrmann, J. Rauschenberger, R. Holzwarth, H. A. Schuessler, F. Krausz, and T. W. Hänsch, “A frequency comb in the extreme ultraviolet,” Nature 436, 234–237 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Optical frequency metrology,” Nature 16, 233–237 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. W. Hänsch and B. Couillaud, “Laser Frequency Stabilization by Polarization Spectroscopy of a Reflecting Reference Cavity,” Opt. Commun. 35, 441 (1980).
[CrossRef]

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F. V. Hartemann, W. J. Brown, D. J. Gibson, S. G. Anderson, A. M. Tremaine, P. T. Springer, A. J. Wootton, E. P. Hartouni, and C. P. J. Barty, “High-energy scaling of Compton scattering light sources,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Acc. Beams 8, 100702 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hartl, I.

Hartouni, E. P.

F. V. Hartemann, W. J. Brown, D. J. Gibson, S. G. Anderson, A. M. Tremaine, P. T. Springer, A. J. Wootton, E. P. Hartouni, and C. P. J. Barty, “High-energy scaling of Compton scattering light sources,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Acc. Beams 8, 100702 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Heiner, Z.

A. Börzsönyi, Z. Heiner, M. P. Kalashnikov, A. P. Kovács, and K. Osvay, “Dispersion measurement of inert gases and gas mixtures at 800 nm,” Appl. Opt. 47, 4856–4863 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Osvay, Á. Börzsönyi, Z. Heiner, A. P. Kovács, and M. P. Kalashnikov, “Measurement of Pressure Dependent Nonlinear Refractive Index of Inert Gases,” CLEO 2009, paper CMU7.

Hentschel, M.

M. Hentschel, Z. Cheng, F. Krausz, and Ch. Spielmann, “Generation of 0.1-TW optical pulses with a single-stage Ti:sapphire amplifier at a 1-kHz repetition rate,” Appl. Phys. B 70, 161–164 (2000).

Herrmann, M.

A. Ozawa, J. Rauschenberger, C. Gohle, M. Herrmann, D. R. Walker, V. Pervak, A. Fernandez, R. Graf, A. Apolonski, R. Holzwarth, F. Krausz, T. W. Hänsch, and Th. Udem, “High Harmonic Frequency Combs for High Resolution Spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 253901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Gohle, Th. Udem, M. Herrmann, J. Rauschenberger, R. Holzwarth, H. A. Schuessler, F. Krausz, and T. W. Hänsch, “A frequency comb in the extreme ultraviolet,” Nature 436, 234–237 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hoffnagle, J.

R. G. DeVoe, C. Fabre, K. Jungmann, J. Hoffnagle, and R. G. Brewer, “Precision Optical-Frequency- Difference Measurements,” Phys. Rev. A 37, 1802–1805 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Holzwarth, R.

B. Bernhardt, A. Ozawa, P. Jacquet, M. Jacquey, Y. Kobayashi, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, G. Guelachvili, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picqué, “Cavity-enhanced dual-comb spectroscopy,” Nat. Photonics 4, 55–57 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Ozawa, J. Rauschenberger, C. Gohle, M. Herrmann, D. R. Walker, V. Pervak, A. Fernandez, R. Graf, A. Apolonski, R. Holzwarth, F. Krausz, T. W. Hänsch, and Th. Udem, “High Harmonic Frequency Combs for High Resolution Spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 253901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Gohle, Th. Udem, M. Herrmann, J. Rauschenberger, R. Holzwarth, H. A. Schuessler, F. Krausz, and T. W. Hänsch, “A frequency comb in the extreme ultraviolet,” Nature 436, 234–237 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Optical frequency metrology,” Nature 16, 233–237 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hood, C. J.

C. J. Hood, H. J. Kimble, and J. Ye, “Characterization of high-finesse mirrors: Loss, phase shifts, and mode structure in an optical cavity,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 033804 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hrin, A.

Hudson, D. D.

Ilday, F. O.

F. X. Kaertner, W. S. Graves, D. E. Moncton, and F. O. Ilday, US Patent Application Publication US2006/0251217 A1 (2006).

Jacquet, P.

B. Bernhardt, A. Ozawa, P. Jacquet, M. Jacquey, Y. Kobayashi, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, G. Guelachvili, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picqué, “Cavity-enhanced dual-comb spectroscopy,” Nat. Photonics 4, 55–57 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Jacquey, M.

B. Bernhardt, A. Ozawa, P. Jacquet, M. Jacquey, Y. Kobayashi, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, G. Guelachvili, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picqué, “Cavity-enhanced dual-comb spectroscopy,” Nat. Photonics 4, 55–57 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Joffre, M.

L. Lepetit, G. Cheriaux, and M. Joffre, “Linear techniques of phase measurement by femtosecond spectral interferometry for applications in spectroscopy,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 24672474 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Jones, D. J.

Jones, R.

Jones, R. J.

R. J. Jones, K. D. Moll, M. J. Thorpe, and J. Ye, “Phase-Coherent Frequency Combs in the Vacuum Ultraviolet via High-Harmonic Generation inside a Femtosecond Enhancement Cavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 193201 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jungmann, K.

R. G. DeVoe, C. Fabre, K. Jungmann, J. Hoffnagle, and R. G. Brewer, “Precision Optical-Frequency- Difference Measurements,” Phys. Rev. A 37, 1802–1805 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kaertner, F. X.

F. X. Kaertner, W. S. Graves, D. E. Moncton, and F. O. Ilday, US Patent Application Publication US2006/0251217 A1 (2006).

Kalashnikov, M. P.

A. Börzsönyi, Z. Heiner, M. P. Kalashnikov, A. P. Kovács, and K. Osvay, “Dispersion measurement of inert gases and gas mixtures at 800 nm,” Appl. Opt. 47, 4856–4863 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Osvay, Á. Börzsönyi, Z. Heiner, A. P. Kovács, and M. P. Kalashnikov, “Measurement of Pressure Dependent Nonlinear Refractive Index of Inert Gases,” CLEO 2009, paper CMU7.

Kimble, H. J.

C. J. Hood, H. J. Kimble, and J. Ye, “Characterization of high-finesse mirrors: Loss, phase shifts, and mode structure in an optical cavity,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 033804 (2001).
[CrossRef]

G. Rempe, R. J. Thompson, H. J. Kimble, and R. Lalezari, “Measurement of ultralow losses in an optical interferometer,” Opt. Lett. 17, 363–365 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kobayashi, Y.

B. Bernhardt, A. Ozawa, P. Jacquet, M. Jacquey, Y. Kobayashi, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, G. Guelachvili, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picqué, “Cavity-enhanced dual-comb spectroscopy,” Nat. Photonics 4, 55–57 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kovács, A. P.

K. Osvay, L. Canova, C. Durfee, A. P. Kovács, Á. Börzsönyi, O. Albert, and R. Lopez Martens, “Preservation of the carrier envelope phase during cross-polarized wave generation,” Opt. Express 25, 22358–22365 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Börzsönyi, A. P. Kovács, M. Görbe, and K. Osvay, “Advances and limitations of phase dispersion measurement by spectrally and spatially resolved interferometry,” Opt. Commun. 281, 3051–3061 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Börzsönyi, Z. Heiner, M. P. Kalashnikov, A. P. Kovács, and K. Osvay, “Dispersion measurement of inert gases and gas mixtures at 800 nm,” Appl. Opt. 47, 4856–4863 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Osvay, A. Börzsönyi, A. P. Kovács, M. Görbe, G. Kurdi, and M. P. Lalashnikov, “Dispersion of femtosecond laser pulses in beam pipelines from ambient pressure to 0.1 mbar,” Appl. Phys. B 87, 457–461 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. P. Kovács, K. Osvay, Zs. Bor, and R. Szipöcs, “Group-delay measurement on laser mirrors by spectrally resolved white-light interferometry,” Opt. Lett. 20, 788–790 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Osvay, Á. Börzsönyi, Z. Heiner, A. P. Kovács, and M. P. Kalashnikov, “Measurement of Pressure Dependent Nonlinear Refractive Index of Inert Gases,” CLEO 2009, paper CMU7.

Krausz, F.

I. Pupeza, T. Eidam, J. Rauschenberger, B. Bernhardt, A. Ozawa, E. Fill, A. Apolonski, Th. Udem, J. Limpert, Z. A. Alahmed, A. M. Azzeer, A. Tünnermann, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Power scaling of a high repetition rate enhancement cavity,” Opt. Lett. 12, 2052–2054 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Ozawa, J. Rauschenberger, C. Gohle, M. Herrmann, D. R. Walker, V. Pervak, A. Fernandez, R. Graf, A. Apolonski, R. Holzwarth, F. Krausz, T. W. Hänsch, and Th. Udem, “High Harmonic Frequency Combs for High Resolution Spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 253901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Gohle, Th. Udem, M. Herrmann, J. Rauschenberger, R. Holzwarth, H. A. Schuessler, F. Krausz, and T. W. Hänsch, “A frequency comb in the extreme ultraviolet,” Nature 436, 234–237 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Hentschel, Z. Cheng, F. Krausz, and Ch. Spielmann, “Generation of 0.1-TW optical pulses with a single-stage Ti:sapphire amplifier at a 1-kHz repetition rate,” Appl. Phys. B 70, 161–164 (2000).

Kurdi, G.

K. Osvay, A. Börzsönyi, A. P. Kovács, M. Görbe, G. Kurdi, and M. P. Lalashnikov, “Dispersion of femtosecond laser pulses in beam pipelines from ambient pressure to 0.1 mbar,” Appl. Phys. B 87, 457–461 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lacourt, A.

C. Froehly, A. Lacourt, and J. C. Vienot, “Time impulse response and time frequency response of optical pupils,” Nouv. Rev. Opt. 4, 183–196 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Lalashnikov, M. P.

K. Osvay, A. Börzsönyi, A. P. Kovács, M. Görbe, G. Kurdi, and M. P. Lalashnikov, “Dispersion of femtosecond laser pulses in beam pipelines from ambient pressure to 0.1 mbar,” Appl. Phys. B 87, 457–461 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lalezari, R.

Lepetit, L.

L. Lepetit, G. Cheriaux, and M. Joffre, “Linear techniques of phase measurement by femtosecond spectral interferometry for applications in spectroscopy,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 24672474 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Levis, R. J.

Lhuillier, J. A.

M. Theuer, D. Molter, K. Maki, C. Otani, J. A. Lhuillier, and R. Beigang, “Terahertz generation in an actively controlled femtosecond enhancement cavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 041119 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Limpert, J.

I. Pupeza, T. Eidam, J. Rauschenberger, B. Bernhardt, A. Ozawa, E. Fill, A. Apolonski, Th. Udem, J. Limpert, Z. A. Alahmed, A. M. Azzeer, A. Tünnermann, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Power scaling of a high repetition rate enhancement cavity,” Opt. Lett. 12, 2052–2054 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Eidam, F. Röser, O. Schmidt, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “57 W, 27 fs pulses from a fiber laser system using nonlinear compression,” Appl. Phys. B 92, 9–12 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lopez Martens, R.

K. Osvay, L. Canova, C. Durfee, A. P. Kovács, Á. Börzsönyi, O. Albert, and R. Lopez Martens, “Preservation of the carrier envelope phase during cross-polarized wave generation,” Opt. Express 25, 22358–22365 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Luiten, A. N.

A. N. Luiten and J. C. Petersen, “Ultrafast resonant polarization interferometry: Towards the first direct detection of vacuum polarization,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 033801 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Maki, K.

M. Theuer, D. Molter, K. Maki, C. Otani, J. A. Lhuillier, and R. Beigang, “Terahertz generation in an actively controlled femtosecond enhancement cavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 041119 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Marcinkevicius, A.

Meshulach, D.

Mills, A. K.

Moll, K.

Moll, K. D.

R. J. Jones, K. D. Moll, M. J. Thorpe, and J. Ye, “Phase-Coherent Frequency Combs in the Vacuum Ultraviolet via High-Harmonic Generation inside a Femtosecond Enhancement Cavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 193201 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Molter, D.

M. Theuer, D. Molter, K. Maki, C. Otani, J. A. Lhuillier, and R. Beigang, “Terahertz generation in an actively controlled femtosecond enhancement cavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 041119 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Moncton, D. E.

F. X. Kaertner, W. S. Graves, D. E. Moncton, and F. O. Ilday, US Patent Application Publication US2006/0251217 A1 (2006).

Osvay, K.

K. Osvay, L. Canova, C. Durfee, A. P. Kovács, Á. Börzsönyi, O. Albert, and R. Lopez Martens, “Preservation of the carrier envelope phase during cross-polarized wave generation,” Opt. Express 25, 22358–22365 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Börzsönyi, A. P. Kovács, M. Görbe, and K. Osvay, “Advances and limitations of phase dispersion measurement by spectrally and spatially resolved interferometry,” Opt. Commun. 281, 3051–3061 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Börzsönyi, Z. Heiner, M. P. Kalashnikov, A. P. Kovács, and K. Osvay, “Dispersion measurement of inert gases and gas mixtures at 800 nm,” Appl. Opt. 47, 4856–4863 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Osvay, A. Börzsönyi, A. P. Kovács, M. Görbe, G. Kurdi, and M. P. Lalashnikov, “Dispersion of femtosecond laser pulses in beam pipelines from ambient pressure to 0.1 mbar,” Appl. Phys. B 87, 457–461 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. P. Kovács, K. Osvay, Zs. Bor, and R. Szipöcs, “Group-delay measurement on laser mirrors by spectrally resolved white-light interferometry,” Opt. Lett. 20, 788–790 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Osvay, Á. Börzsönyi, Z. Heiner, A. P. Kovács, and M. P. Kalashnikov, “Measurement of Pressure Dependent Nonlinear Refractive Index of Inert Gases,” CLEO 2009, paper CMU7.

Otani, C.

M. Theuer, D. Molter, K. Maki, C. Otani, J. A. Lhuillier, and R. Beigang, “Terahertz generation in an actively controlled femtosecond enhancement cavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 041119 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ozawa, A.

B. Bernhardt, A. Ozawa, P. Jacquet, M. Jacquey, Y. Kobayashi, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, G. Guelachvili, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picqué, “Cavity-enhanced dual-comb spectroscopy,” Nat. Photonics 4, 55–57 (2010).
[CrossRef]

I. Pupeza, T. Eidam, J. Rauschenberger, B. Bernhardt, A. Ozawa, E. Fill, A. Apolonski, Th. Udem, J. Limpert, Z. A. Alahmed, A. M. Azzeer, A. Tünnermann, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Power scaling of a high repetition rate enhancement cavity,” Opt. Lett. 12, 2052–2054 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Ozawa, J. Rauschenberger, C. Gohle, M. Herrmann, D. R. Walker, V. Pervak, A. Fernandez, R. Graf, A. Apolonski, R. Holzwarth, F. Krausz, T. W. Hänsch, and Th. Udem, “High Harmonic Frequency Combs for High Resolution Spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 253901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Peck, E. D.

Pervak, V.

A. Ozawa, J. Rauschenberger, C. Gohle, M. Herrmann, D. R. Walker, V. Pervak, A. Fernandez, R. Graf, A. Apolonski, R. Holzwarth, F. Krausz, T. W. Hänsch, and Th. Udem, “High Harmonic Frequency Combs for High Resolution Spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 253901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Petersen, J. C.

A. N. Luiten and J. C. Petersen, “Ultrafast resonant polarization interferometry: Towards the first direct detection of vacuum polarization,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 033801 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Picqué, N.

B. Bernhardt, A. Ozawa, P. Jacquet, M. Jacquey, Y. Kobayashi, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, G. Guelachvili, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picqué, “Cavity-enhanced dual-comb spectroscopy,” Nat. Photonics 4, 55–57 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Planchon, T. A.

Pupeza, I.

I. Pupeza, T. Eidam, J. Rauschenberger, B. Bernhardt, A. Ozawa, E. Fill, A. Apolonski, Th. Udem, J. Limpert, Z. A. Alahmed, A. M. Azzeer, A. Tünnermann, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Power scaling of a high repetition rate enhancement cavity,” Opt. Lett. 12, 2052–2054 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Rauschenberger, J.

I. Pupeza, T. Eidam, J. Rauschenberger, B. Bernhardt, A. Ozawa, E. Fill, A. Apolonski, Th. Udem, J. Limpert, Z. A. Alahmed, A. M. Azzeer, A. Tünnermann, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Power scaling of a high repetition rate enhancement cavity,” Opt. Lett. 12, 2052–2054 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Ozawa, J. Rauschenberger, C. Gohle, M. Herrmann, D. R. Walker, V. Pervak, A. Fernandez, R. Graf, A. Apolonski, R. Holzwarth, F. Krausz, T. W. Hänsch, and Th. Udem, “High Harmonic Frequency Combs for High Resolution Spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 253901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Gohle, Th. Udem, M. Herrmann, J. Rauschenberger, R. Holzwarth, H. A. Schuessler, F. Krausz, and T. W. Hänsch, “A frequency comb in the extreme ultraviolet,” Nature 436, 234–237 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Reeder, K.

Rempe, G.

Röser, F.

T. Eidam, F. Röser, O. Schmidt, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “57 W, 27 fs pulses from a fiber laser system using nonlinear compression,” Appl. Phys. B 92, 9–12 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Schibli, T. R.

Schliesser, A.

C. Gohle, B. Stein, A. Schliesser, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, “Frequency Comb Vernier Spectroscopy for Broadband, High-Resolution, High-Sensitivity Absorption and Dispersion Spectra,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 263902 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Schliesser, C. Gohle, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, “Complete characterization of a broadband high-finesse cavity using an optical frequency comb,” Opt. Express 14, 5975–5983 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schmidt, O.

T. Eidam, F. Röser, O. Schmidt, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “57 W, 27 fs pulses from a fiber laser system using nonlinear compression,” Appl. Phys. B 92, 9–12 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Schuessler, H. A.

C. Gohle, Th. Udem, M. Herrmann, J. Rauschenberger, R. Holzwarth, H. A. Schuessler, F. Krausz, and T. W. Hänsch, “A frequency comb in the extreme ultraviolet,” Nature 436, 234–237 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Silberberg, Y.

Spielmann, Ch.

M. Hentschel, Z. Cheng, F. Krausz, and Ch. Spielmann, “Generation of 0.1-TW optical pulses with a single-stage Ti:sapphire amplifier at a 1-kHz repetition rate,” Appl. Phys. B 70, 161–164 (2000).

Springer, P. T.

F. V. Hartemann, W. J. Brown, D. J. Gibson, S. G. Anderson, A. M. Tremaine, P. T. Springer, A. J. Wootton, E. P. Hartouni, and C. P. J. Barty, “High-energy scaling of Compton scattering light sources,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Acc. Beams 8, 100702 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Squier, J. A.

Stein, B.

C. Gohle, B. Stein, A. Schliesser, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, “Frequency Comb Vernier Spectroscopy for Broadband, High-Resolution, High-Sensitivity Absorption and Dispersion Spectra,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 263902 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Szipöcs, R.

Theuer, M.

M. Theuer, D. Molter, K. Maki, C. Otani, J. A. Lhuillier, and R. Beigang, “Terahertz generation in an actively controlled femtosecond enhancement cavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 041119 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Thompson, R. J.

Thorpe, M.

Thorpe, M. J.

R. J. Jones, K. D. Moll, M. J. Thorpe, and J. Ye, “Phase-Coherent Frequency Combs in the Vacuum Ultraviolet via High-Harmonic Generation inside a Femtosecond Enhancement Cavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 193201 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Trebino, R.

Tremaine, A. M.

F. V. Hartemann, W. J. Brown, D. J. Gibson, S. G. Anderson, A. M. Tremaine, P. T. Springer, A. J. Wootton, E. P. Hartouni, and C. P. J. Barty, “High-energy scaling of Compton scattering light sources,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Acc. Beams 8, 100702 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tünnermann, A.

I. Pupeza, T. Eidam, J. Rauschenberger, B. Bernhardt, A. Ozawa, E. Fill, A. Apolonski, Th. Udem, J. Limpert, Z. A. Alahmed, A. M. Azzeer, A. Tünnermann, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Power scaling of a high repetition rate enhancement cavity,” Opt. Lett. 12, 2052–2054 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Eidam, F. Röser, O. Schmidt, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “57 W, 27 fs pulses from a fiber laser system using nonlinear compression,” Appl. Phys. B 92, 9–12 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Udem, T.

B. Bernhardt, A. Ozawa, P. Jacquet, M. Jacquey, Y. Kobayashi, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, G. Guelachvili, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picqué, “Cavity-enhanced dual-comb spectroscopy,” Nat. Photonics 4, 55–57 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Gohle, B. Stein, A. Schliesser, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, “Frequency Comb Vernier Spectroscopy for Broadband, High-Resolution, High-Sensitivity Absorption and Dispersion Spectra,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 263902 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Schliesser, C. Gohle, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, “Complete characterization of a broadband high-finesse cavity using an optical frequency comb,” Opt. Express 14, 5975–5983 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Udem, Th.

I. Pupeza, T. Eidam, J. Rauschenberger, B. Bernhardt, A. Ozawa, E. Fill, A. Apolonski, Th. Udem, J. Limpert, Z. A. Alahmed, A. M. Azzeer, A. Tünnermann, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Power scaling of a high repetition rate enhancement cavity,” Opt. Lett. 12, 2052–2054 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Ozawa, J. Rauschenberger, C. Gohle, M. Herrmann, D. R. Walker, V. Pervak, A. Fernandez, R. Graf, A. Apolonski, R. Holzwarth, F. Krausz, T. W. Hänsch, and Th. Udem, “High Harmonic Frequency Combs for High Resolution Spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 253901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Gohle, Th. Udem, M. Herrmann, J. Rauschenberger, R. Holzwarth, H. A. Schuessler, F. Krausz, and T. W. Hänsch, “A frequency comb in the extreme ultraviolet,” Nature 436, 234–237 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Optical frequency metrology,” Nature 16, 233–237 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Vienot, J. C.

C. Froehly, A. Lacourt, and J. C. Vienot, “Time impulse response and time frequency response of optical pupils,” Nouv. Rev. Opt. 4, 183–196 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Walker, D. R.

A. Ozawa, J. Rauschenberger, C. Gohle, M. Herrmann, D. R. Walker, V. Pervak, A. Fernandez, R. Graf, A. Apolonski, R. Holzwarth, F. Krausz, T. W. Hänsch, and Th. Udem, “High Harmonic Frequency Combs for High Resolution Spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 253901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wootton, A. J.

F. V. Hartemann, W. J. Brown, D. J. Gibson, S. G. Anderson, A. M. Tremaine, P. T. Springer, A. J. Wootton, E. P. Hartouni, and C. P. J. Barty, “High-energy scaling of Compton scattering light sources,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Acc. Beams 8, 100702 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ye, J.

Yelin, D.

Yost, D. C.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (3)

M. Hentschel, Z. Cheng, F. Krausz, and Ch. Spielmann, “Generation of 0.1-TW optical pulses with a single-stage Ti:sapphire amplifier at a 1-kHz repetition rate,” Appl. Phys. B 70, 161–164 (2000).

K. Osvay, A. Börzsönyi, A. P. Kovács, M. Görbe, G. Kurdi, and M. P. Lalashnikov, “Dispersion of femtosecond laser pulses in beam pipelines from ambient pressure to 0.1 mbar,” Appl. Phys. B 87, 457–461 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Eidam, F. Röser, O. Schmidt, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “57 W, 27 fs pulses from a fiber laser system using nonlinear compression,” Appl. Phys. B 92, 9–12 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

M. Theuer, D. Molter, K. Maki, C. Otani, J. A. Lhuillier, and R. Beigang, “Terahertz generation in an actively controlled femtosecond enhancement cavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 041119 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (3)

Nat. Photonics (1)

B. Bernhardt, A. Ozawa, P. Jacquet, M. Jacquey, Y. Kobayashi, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, G. Guelachvili, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picqué, “Cavity-enhanced dual-comb spectroscopy,” Nat. Photonics 4, 55–57 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nature (2)

C. Gohle, Th. Udem, M. Herrmann, J. Rauschenberger, R. Holzwarth, H. A. Schuessler, F. Krausz, and T. W. Hänsch, “A frequency comb in the extreme ultraviolet,” Nature 436, 234–237 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Optical frequency metrology,” Nature 16, 233–237 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Nouv. Rev. Opt. (1)

C. Froehly, A. Lacourt, and J. C. Vienot, “Time impulse response and time frequency response of optical pupils,” Nouv. Rev. Opt. 4, 183–196 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (2)

A. Börzsönyi, A. P. Kovács, M. Görbe, and K. Osvay, “Advances and limitations of phase dispersion measurement by spectrally and spatially resolved interferometry,” Opt. Commun. 281, 3051–3061 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. W. Hänsch and B. Couillaud, “Laser Frequency Stabilization by Polarization Spectroscopy of a Reflecting Reference Cavity,” Opt. Commun. 35, 441 (1980).
[CrossRef]

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I. Hartl, T. R. Schibli, A. Marcinkevicius, D. C. Yost, D. D. Hudson, M. E. Fermann, and J. Ye, “Cavity-enhanced similariton Yb-fiber laser frequency comb: 3 × 1014 W/cm2 peak intensity at 136MHz,” Opt. Lett. 32, 2870–2872 (2007).
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[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. P. Kovács, K. Osvay, Zs. Bor, and R. Szipöcs, “Group-delay measurement on laser mirrors by spectrally resolved white-light interferometry,” Opt. Lett. 20, 788–790 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. E. Adams, T. A. Planchon, J. A. Squier, and C. G. Durfee, “Spatiotemporal dynamics of cross-polarized wave generation,” Opt. Lett. 35, 1115–1117 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. E. Adams, T. A. Planchon, A. Hrin, J. A. Squier, and C. G. Durfee, “Characterization of coupled nonlinear spatiospectral phase following an ultrafast self-focusing interaction,” Opt. Lett. 34, 1294–1296 (2009).
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D. C. Yost, T. R. Schibli, and J. Ye, “Efficient output coupling of intracavity high harmonic generation,” Opt. Lett. 33, 1099–1101 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Pupeza, T. Eidam, J. Rauschenberger, B. Bernhardt, A. Ozawa, E. Fill, A. Apolonski, Th. Udem, J. Limpert, Z. A. Alahmed, A. M. Azzeer, A. Tünnermann, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Power scaling of a high repetition rate enhancement cavity,” Opt. Lett. 12, 2052–2054 (2010).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

R. J. Jones, K. D. Moll, M. J. Thorpe, and J. Ye, “Phase-Coherent Frequency Combs in the Vacuum Ultraviolet via High-Harmonic Generation inside a Femtosecond Enhancement Cavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 193201 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Ozawa, J. Rauschenberger, C. Gohle, M. Herrmann, D. R. Walker, V. Pervak, A. Fernandez, R. Graf, A. Apolonski, R. Holzwarth, F. Krausz, T. W. Hänsch, and Th. Udem, “High Harmonic Frequency Combs for High Resolution Spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 253901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Gohle, B. Stein, A. Schliesser, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, “Frequency Comb Vernier Spectroscopy for Broadband, High-Resolution, High-Sensitivity Absorption and Dispersion Spectra,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 263902 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Acc. Beams (1)

F. V. Hartemann, W. J. Brown, D. J. Gibson, S. G. Anderson, A. M. Tremaine, P. T. Springer, A. J. Wootton, E. P. Hartouni, and C. P. J. Barty, “High-energy scaling of Compton scattering light sources,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Acc. Beams 8, 100702 (2005).
[CrossRef]

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Other (1)

K. Osvay, Á. Börzsönyi, Z. Heiner, A. P. Kovács, and M. P. Kalashnikov, “Measurement of Pressure Dependent Nonlinear Refractive Index of Inert Gases,” CLEO 2009, paper CMU7.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup. BS: beam splitter, blue dotted line: reference beam, orange dashed line: intracavity beam, leaking through the highly reflective mirror M3, ATT: thin neutral density filter attenuation. Diagnostics: photodiode / power meter / spectrometer / autocorrelator.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Electric fields at the input coupler of an enhancement cavity in the steady state.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Dispersion measurement of the air-filled cavity for different air pressure values. a), b) and c) interferograms for 200 mbar, 500 mbar and 950 mbar, respectively. The white lines indicate the fit range for the second-order polynomial. d) retrieved round-trip phases. e) retrieved air GDD in fs2/m after subtracting the empty cavity round trip GDD and comparison with the Sellmeier models [26, 35]. The error bars show the uncertainty of the quadratic fit, see text for details.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Peak-power-dependent round trip GDD measurement of the cavity in vacuum. a) and b) interferograms for peak powers Ppeak = 8 kW, and Ppeak = 918 MW, respectively. c) Retrieved GDD values at 1042 nm vs. peak power. The three circled measurements are taken at Pcirc = 24 kW and different pulse durations. The two coinciding double-circled measurements are taken at Pcirc = 24 kW, τcirc = 650 fs and Pcirc = 7 kW, τcirc = 200 fs. The error bars (standard deviation of several measurements) are on the order of 0.2 fs2.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Interferograms showing phase distortions caused by an air plasma generated in the cavity focus for an input power of 20 W, a pulse duration of 650 fs and air pressure values of a) 0.5 mbar, b) 3.5 mbar and c) 8.5 mbar.

Equations (13)

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H ˜ ( ω ) = | H ˜ ( ω ) | exp [ j ϕ ( ω ) ] = E ˜ c ( ω ) E ˜ i ( ω ) ,
E ˜ c ( ω ) = R ( ω ) E ˜ c ( ω ) A ( ω ) e j θ ( ω ) + T ( ω ) E ˜ i ( ω )
H ˜ ( ω ) = E ˜ c ( ω ) E ˜ i ( ω ) = T ( ω ) 1 R ( ω ) A ( ω ) exp [ j θ ( ω ) ] .
A ( ω ) e j θ ( ω ) = 1 R ( ω ) ( 1 T ( ω ) | H ˜ ( ω ) | e j ϕ ( ω ) ) .
ω N = N ω r + ω C E .
θ ( ω ) = τ C ω + ψ ( ω ) = 2 π ω ω r + ψ ( ω ) ,
θ ( ω N ) = 2 π N + 2 π ω C E ω r + ψ ( ω N ) .
GDD ( ω ) = 2 θ ω 2 = 2 ψ ω 2
| H ˜ ( ω ) | exp [ j ϕ ( ω ) ] T ( ω ) 1 R ( ω ) A ( ω ) [ 1 + j θ ( ω ) ]
T ( ω ) 1 R ( ω ) A ( ω ) [ 1 + j θ ( ω ) R ( ω ) A ( ω ) 1 R ( ω ) A ( ω ) ]
T ( ω ) 1 R ( ω ) A ( ω ) exp [ j θ ( ω ) R ( ω ) A ( ω ) 1 R ( ω ) A ( ω ) ]
ϕ ( ω ) R ( ω ) A ( ω ) 1 R ( ω ) A ( ω ) θ ( ω ) .
I ( y , ω ) = I R ( y , ω ) + I S ( y , ω ) + 2 I R ( y , ω ) I S ( y , ω ) cos [ ϕ ( ω ) + ω Δ τ + y ω c sin α ] ,

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