Abstract

We present a method to control the harmonic process by a mid-infrared modulated generalized polarization gating for the generation of the broadband supercontinuum. Using a mid-IR generalized polarization gating modulated by a weaker mid-IR linearly polarized chirped field, the ionization, acceleration and recombination steps in the HHG process are simultaneously controlled, leading to the efficient generation of an ultra-broadband supercontinuum covered by the spectral range from ultraviolet to water window x-ray. Using this method we expect that isolated sub-100 attosecond pulses with tunable wavelength could be obtained straightforwardly.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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  1. M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature 414, 509 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, "Single-Cycle Nonlinear Optics," Science 320, 1614 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. J. J. Carrera, and S.-I. Chu, "Extension of high-order harmonic generation cutoff via coherent control of intense few-cycle chirped laser pulses," Phys. Rev. A 75, 033807 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  4. P. B. Corkum, "Plasma perspective on strong field multiphoton ionization," Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 1994 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, G. Sansone, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, "Coherent continuum generation above 100eV driven by an ir parametric source in two-color scheme," Phys. Rev. A 79, 033842 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  6. C. F. de Morisson Faria, M. Dorr, W. Becker, and W. Sandner, "Time-frequency analysis of two-color high harmonic generation," Phys. Rev. A 60, 1377 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  7. T. Pfeifer, L. Gallmann, M. J. Abel, P. M. Nagel, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, "Heterodyne Mixing of Laser Fields for Temporal Gating of High-Order Harmonic Generation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 163901 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, M. Negro, G. Sansone, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, "Efficient continuum generation exceeding 200 eV by intense ultrashort two-color driver," Opt. Lett. 34, 3125 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. E. J. Takahashi, P. Lan, O. D. Mücke, Y. Nabekawa, and K. Midorikawa, "Infrared Two-Color Multicycle Laser Field Synthesis for Generating an Intense Attosecond Pulse," Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 233901 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. W. Hong, P. Lu, P. Lan, Z. Yang, Y. Li, and Q. Liao, "Broadband xuv supercontinuum generation via controlling quantum paths by a low-frequency field," Phys. Rev. A 77, 033410 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  11. Z. Zeng, Y. Cheng, X. Song, R. Li, and Z. Xu, "Generation of an Extreme Ultraviolet Supercontinuum in a Two-Color Laser Field," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 203901 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. H. Du, H. Wang, and B. Hu, "Isolated short attosecond pulse generated using a two-color laser and a high-order pulse," Phys. Rev. A 81, 063813 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  13. P. Lan, P. Lu, Q. Li, W. Hong, and Q. Zhang, "Macroscopic effects for quantum control of broadband isolated attosecond pulse generation with a two-color field," Phys. Rev. A 79, 043413 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  14. Z. Chang, "Single attosecond pulse and xuv supercontinuum in the high-order harmonic plateau," Phys. Rev. A 70, 043802 (2004).
  15. V. V. Strelkov, "Theory of high-order harmonic generation and attosecond pulse emission by a low-frequency elliptically polarized laser field," Phys. Rev. A 74, 013405 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  16. E. Skantzakis, P. Tzallas, J. Kruse, C. Kalpouzos, and D. Charalambidis, "Coherent continuum extreme ultraviolet radiation in the sub-100-nJ range generated by a high-power many-cycle laser field," Opt. Lett. 34, 1732 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. H. Mashiko, S. Gilbertson, C. Li, S. D. Khan, M. M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, "Double optical gating of high-order harmonic generation with carrier-envelope phase stabilized laser," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 103906 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. X. Feng, S. Gilbertson, H. Mashiko, H. Wang, S. D. Khan, M. Chini, Y. Wu, K. Zhao, and Z. Chang, "Generation of Isolated Attosecond Pulses with 20 to 28 Femtosecond Lasers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 183901 (2009).
  19. S. Gilbertson, Y. Wu, S. D. Khan, M. Chini, K. Zhao, X. Feng, and Z. Chang, "Isolated attosecond pulse generation using multicycle pulses directly from a laser amplifier," Phys. Rev. A 81, 043810 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  20. V. S. Yakovlev, M. Ivanov, and F. Krausz, "Enhanced phase-matching for generation of soft X-ray harmonics and attosecond pulses in atomic gases," Opt. Express 15, 15351 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. M. Lewenstein, Ph. Balcou, M. Yu. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. Corkum, "Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields," Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. W. Hong, P. Wei, Q. Zhang, S. Yang, and P. Lu, "Mid-infrared modulated polarization gating for ultra-broadband supercontinuum generation," Opt. Express 18, 11308 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. M. V. Ammosov, N. B. Delone, and V. P. Krainov, "Tunnel ionization of complex atoms and of atoms ions in an alternating electromagnetic field," Sov. Phys. JETP 64, 1191 (1986).
  24. P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C. I. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A. M. March, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. F. Dimauro, "Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit," Nat. Phys. 4, 386 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  25. E. J. Takahashi, T. Kanai, K. L. Ishikawa, Y. Nabekawa, and K. Midorikawa, "Coherent Water Window X Ray by Phase-Matched High-order Harmonic Generation in Neutral Media," Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 253901 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. Q. Zhang, P. Lu, P. Lan, W. Hong, and Z. Yang, "Multi -cycle laser-driven broadband supercontinuum with a modulated polarization gating," Opt. Express 16, 9795 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. P. Antoine, B. Piraux, and A. Maquet, "Time profile of harmonics generated by a single atom in a strong electromagnetic field," Phys. Rev. A 51, R1750 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010 (4)

E. J. Takahashi, P. Lan, O. D. Mücke, Y. Nabekawa, and K. Midorikawa, "Infrared Two-Color Multicycle Laser Field Synthesis for Generating an Intense Attosecond Pulse," Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 233901 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Du, H. Wang, and B. Hu, "Isolated short attosecond pulse generated using a two-color laser and a high-order pulse," Phys. Rev. A 81, 063813 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Gilbertson, Y. Wu, S. D. Khan, M. Chini, K. Zhao, X. Feng, and Z. Chang, "Isolated attosecond pulse generation using multicycle pulses directly from a laser amplifier," Phys. Rev. A 81, 043810 (2010).
[CrossRef]

W. Hong, P. Wei, Q. Zhang, S. Yang, and P. Lu, "Mid-infrared modulated polarization gating for ultra-broadband supercontinuum generation," Opt. Express 18, 11308 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (5)

X. Feng, S. Gilbertson, H. Mashiko, H. Wang, S. D. Khan, M. Chini, Y. Wu, K. Zhao, and Z. Chang, "Generation of Isolated Attosecond Pulses with 20 to 28 Femtosecond Lasers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 183901 (2009).

E. Skantzakis, P. Tzallas, J. Kruse, C. Kalpouzos, and D. Charalambidis, "Coherent continuum extreme ultraviolet radiation in the sub-100-nJ range generated by a high-power many-cycle laser field," Opt. Lett. 34, 1732 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Lan, P. Lu, Q. Li, W. Hong, and Q. Zhang, "Macroscopic effects for quantum control of broadband isolated attosecond pulse generation with a two-color field," Phys. Rev. A 79, 043413 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, M. Negro, G. Sansone, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, "Efficient continuum generation exceeding 200 eV by intense ultrashort two-color driver," Opt. Lett. 34, 3125 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, G. Sansone, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, "Coherent continuum generation above 100eV driven by an ir parametric source in two-color scheme," Phys. Rev. A 79, 033842 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (6)

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, "Single-Cycle Nonlinear Optics," Science 320, 1614 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Hong, P. Lu, P. Lan, Z. Yang, Y. Li, and Q. Liao, "Broadband xuv supercontinuum generation via controlling quantum paths by a low-frequency field," Phys. Rev. A 77, 033410 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Mashiko, S. Gilbertson, C. Li, S. D. Khan, M. M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, "Double optical gating of high-order harmonic generation with carrier-envelope phase stabilized laser," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 103906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C. I. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A. M. March, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. F. Dimauro, "Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit," Nat. Phys. 4, 386 (2008).
[CrossRef]

E. J. Takahashi, T. Kanai, K. L. Ishikawa, Y. Nabekawa, and K. Midorikawa, "Coherent Water Window X Ray by Phase-Matched High-order Harmonic Generation in Neutral Media," Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 253901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Zhang, P. Lu, P. Lan, W. Hong, and Z. Yang, "Multi -cycle laser-driven broadband supercontinuum with a modulated polarization gating," Opt. Express 16, 9795 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (3)

V. S. Yakovlev, M. Ivanov, and F. Krausz, "Enhanced phase-matching for generation of soft X-ray harmonics and attosecond pulses in atomic gases," Opt. Express 15, 15351 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Zeng, Y. Cheng, X. Song, R. Li, and Z. Xu, "Generation of an Extreme Ultraviolet Supercontinuum in a Two-Color Laser Field," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 203901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. J. Carrera, and S.-I. Chu, "Extension of high-order harmonic generation cutoff via coherent control of intense few-cycle chirped laser pulses," Phys. Rev. A 75, 033807 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

T. Pfeifer, L. Gallmann, M. J. Abel, P. M. Nagel, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, "Heterodyne Mixing of Laser Fields for Temporal Gating of High-Order Harmonic Generation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 163901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. V. Strelkov, "Theory of high-order harmonic generation and attosecond pulse emission by a low-frequency elliptically polarized laser field," Phys. Rev. A 74, 013405 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

Z. Chang, "Single attosecond pulse and xuv supercontinuum in the high-order harmonic plateau," Phys. Rev. A 70, 043802 (2004).

2001 (1)

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature 414, 509 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999 (1)

C. F. de Morisson Faria, M. Dorr, W. Becker, and W. Sandner, "Time-frequency analysis of two-color high harmonic generation," Phys. Rev. A 60, 1377 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

P. Antoine, B. Piraux, and A. Maquet, "Time profile of harmonics generated by a single atom in a strong electromagnetic field," Phys. Rev. A 51, R1750 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1994 (1)

M. Lewenstein, Ph. Balcou, M. Yu. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. Corkum, "Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields," Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1993 (1)

P. B. Corkum, "Plasma perspective on strong field multiphoton ionization," Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 1994 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1986 (1)

M. V. Ammosov, N. B. Delone, and V. P. Krainov, "Tunnel ionization of complex atoms and of atoms ions in an alternating electromagnetic field," Sov. Phys. JETP 64, 1191 (1986).

Abel, M. J.

T. Pfeifer, L. Gallmann, M. J. Abel, P. M. Nagel, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, "Heterodyne Mixing of Laser Fields for Temporal Gating of High-Order Harmonic Generation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 163901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Agostini, P.

P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C. I. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A. M. March, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. F. Dimauro, "Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit," Nat. Phys. 4, 386 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ammosov, M. V.

M. V. Ammosov, N. B. Delone, and V. P. Krainov, "Tunnel ionization of complex atoms and of atoms ions in an alternating electromagnetic field," Sov. Phys. JETP 64, 1191 (1986).

Antoine, P.

P. Antoine, B. Piraux, and A. Maquet, "Time profile of harmonics generated by a single atom in a strong electromagnetic field," Phys. Rev. A 51, R1750 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Aquila, A. L.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, "Single-Cycle Nonlinear Optics," Science 320, 1614 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Attwood, D. T.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, "Single-Cycle Nonlinear Optics," Science 320, 1614 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Balcou, Ph.

M. Lewenstein, Ph. Balcou, M. Yu. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. Corkum, "Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields," Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Becker, W.

C. F. de Morisson Faria, M. Dorr, W. Becker, and W. Sandner, "Time-frequency analysis of two-color high harmonic generation," Phys. Rev. A 60, 1377 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Blaga, C. I.

P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C. I. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A. M. March, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. F. Dimauro, "Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit," Nat. Phys. 4, 386 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Brabec, T.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature 414, 509 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Calegari, F.

F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, M. Negro, G. Sansone, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, "Efficient continuum generation exceeding 200 eV by intense ultrashort two-color driver," Opt. Lett. 34, 3125 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, G. Sansone, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, "Coherent continuum generation above 100eV driven by an ir parametric source in two-color scheme," Phys. Rev. A 79, 033842 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Carrera, J. J.

J. J. Carrera, and S.-I. Chu, "Extension of high-order harmonic generation cutoff via coherent control of intense few-cycle chirped laser pulses," Phys. Rev. A 75, 033807 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Catoire, F.

P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C. I. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A. M. March, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. F. Dimauro, "Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit," Nat. Phys. 4, 386 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chang, Z.

S. Gilbertson, Y. Wu, S. D. Khan, M. Chini, K. Zhao, X. Feng, and Z. Chang, "Isolated attosecond pulse generation using multicycle pulses directly from a laser amplifier," Phys. Rev. A 81, 043810 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. Feng, S. Gilbertson, H. Mashiko, H. Wang, S. D. Khan, M. Chini, Y. Wu, K. Zhao, and Z. Chang, "Generation of Isolated Attosecond Pulses with 20 to 28 Femtosecond Lasers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 183901 (2009).

H. Mashiko, S. Gilbertson, C. Li, S. D. Khan, M. M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, "Double optical gating of high-order harmonic generation with carrier-envelope phase stabilized laser," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 103906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Chang, "Single attosecond pulse and xuv supercontinuum in the high-order harmonic plateau," Phys. Rev. A 70, 043802 (2004).

Charalambidis, D.

E. Skantzakis, P. Tzallas, J. Kruse, C. Kalpouzos, and D. Charalambidis, "Coherent continuum extreme ultraviolet radiation in the sub-100-nJ range generated by a high-power many-cycle laser field," Opt. Lett. 34, 1732 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cheng, Y.

Z. Zeng, Y. Cheng, X. Song, R. Li, and Z. Xu, "Generation of an Extreme Ultraviolet Supercontinuum in a Two-Color Laser Field," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 203901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chini, M.

S. Gilbertson, Y. Wu, S. D. Khan, M. Chini, K. Zhao, X. Feng, and Z. Chang, "Isolated attosecond pulse generation using multicycle pulses directly from a laser amplifier," Phys. Rev. A 81, 043810 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. Feng, S. Gilbertson, H. Mashiko, H. Wang, S. D. Khan, M. Chini, Y. Wu, K. Zhao, and Z. Chang, "Generation of Isolated Attosecond Pulses with 20 to 28 Femtosecond Lasers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 183901 (2009).

Chirla, R.

P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C. I. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A. M. March, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. F. Dimauro, "Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit," Nat. Phys. 4, 386 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chu, S.-I.

J. J. Carrera, and S.-I. Chu, "Extension of high-order harmonic generation cutoff via coherent control of intense few-cycle chirped laser pulses," Phys. Rev. A 75, 033807 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Colosimo, P.

P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C. I. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A. M. March, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. F. Dimauro, "Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit," Nat. Phys. 4, 386 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Corkum, P.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature 414, 509 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Lewenstein, Ph. Balcou, M. Yu. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. Corkum, "Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields," Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Corkum, P. B.

P. B. Corkum, "Plasma perspective on strong field multiphoton ionization," Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 1994 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

de Morisson Faria, C. F.

C. F. de Morisson Faria, M. Dorr, W. Becker, and W. Sandner, "Time-frequency analysis of two-color high harmonic generation," Phys. Rev. A 60, 1377 (1999).
[CrossRef]

De Silvestri, S.

F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, M. Negro, G. Sansone, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, "Efficient continuum generation exceeding 200 eV by intense ultrashort two-color driver," Opt. Lett. 34, 3125 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, G. Sansone, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, "Coherent continuum generation above 100eV driven by an ir parametric source in two-color scheme," Phys. Rev. A 79, 033842 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Delone, N. B.

M. V. Ammosov, N. B. Delone, and V. P. Krainov, "Tunnel ionization of complex atoms and of atoms ions in an alternating electromagnetic field," Sov. Phys. JETP 64, 1191 (1986).

Dimauro, L. F.

P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C. I. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A. M. March, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. F. Dimauro, "Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit," Nat. Phys. 4, 386 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dorr, M.

C. F. de Morisson Faria, M. Dorr, W. Becker, and W. Sandner, "Time-frequency analysis of two-color high harmonic generation," Phys. Rev. A 60, 1377 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Doumy, G.

P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C. I. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A. M. March, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. F. Dimauro, "Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit," Nat. Phys. 4, 386 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Drescher, M.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature 414, 509 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Du, H.

H. Du, H. Wang, and B. Hu, "Isolated short attosecond pulse generated using a two-color laser and a high-order pulse," Phys. Rev. A 81, 063813 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Feng, X.

S. Gilbertson, Y. Wu, S. D. Khan, M. Chini, K. Zhao, X. Feng, and Z. Chang, "Isolated attosecond pulse generation using multicycle pulses directly from a laser amplifier," Phys. Rev. A 81, 043810 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. Feng, S. Gilbertson, H. Mashiko, H. Wang, S. D. Khan, M. Chini, Y. Wu, K. Zhao, and Z. Chang, "Generation of Isolated Attosecond Pulses with 20 to 28 Femtosecond Lasers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 183901 (2009).

Frassetto, F.

F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, M. Negro, G. Sansone, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, "Efficient continuum generation exceeding 200 eV by intense ultrashort two-color driver," Opt. Lett. 34, 3125 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, G. Sansone, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, "Coherent continuum generation above 100eV driven by an ir parametric source in two-color scheme," Phys. Rev. A 79, 033842 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gagnon, J.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, "Single-Cycle Nonlinear Optics," Science 320, 1614 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gallmann, L.

T. Pfeifer, L. Gallmann, M. J. Abel, P. M. Nagel, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, "Heterodyne Mixing of Laser Fields for Temporal Gating of High-Order Harmonic Generation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 163901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gilbertson, S.

S. Gilbertson, Y. Wu, S. D. Khan, M. Chini, K. Zhao, X. Feng, and Z. Chang, "Isolated attosecond pulse generation using multicycle pulses directly from a laser amplifier," Phys. Rev. A 81, 043810 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. Feng, S. Gilbertson, H. Mashiko, H. Wang, S. D. Khan, M. Chini, Y. Wu, K. Zhao, and Z. Chang, "Generation of Isolated Attosecond Pulses with 20 to 28 Femtosecond Lasers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 183901 (2009).

H. Mashiko, S. Gilbertson, C. Li, S. D. Khan, M. M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, "Double optical gating of high-order harmonic generation with carrier-envelope phase stabilized laser," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 103906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Goulielmakis, E.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, "Single-Cycle Nonlinear Optics," Science 320, 1614 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gullikson, E. M.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, "Single-Cycle Nonlinear Optics," Science 320, 1614 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hauri, C.

P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C. I. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A. M. March, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. F. Dimauro, "Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit," Nat. Phys. 4, 386 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Heinzmann, U.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature 414, 509 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hentschel, M.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature 414, 509 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hofstetter, M.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, "Single-Cycle Nonlinear Optics," Science 320, 1614 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hong, W.

W. Hong, P. Wei, Q. Zhang, S. Yang, and P. Lu, "Mid-infrared modulated polarization gating for ultra-broadband supercontinuum generation," Opt. Express 18, 11308 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Lan, P. Lu, Q. Li, W. Hong, and Q. Zhang, "Macroscopic effects for quantum control of broadband isolated attosecond pulse generation with a two-color field," Phys. Rev. A 79, 043413 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Q. Zhang, P. Lu, P. Lan, W. Hong, and Z. Yang, "Multi -cycle laser-driven broadband supercontinuum with a modulated polarization gating," Opt. Express 16, 9795 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Hong, P. Lu, P. Lan, Z. Yang, Y. Li, and Q. Liao, "Broadband xuv supercontinuum generation via controlling quantum paths by a low-frequency field," Phys. Rev. A 77, 033410 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hu, B.

H. Du, H. Wang, and B. Hu, "Isolated short attosecond pulse generated using a two-color laser and a high-order pulse," Phys. Rev. A 81, 063813 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ishikawa, K. L.

E. J. Takahashi, T. Kanai, K. L. Ishikawa, Y. Nabekawa, and K. Midorikawa, "Coherent Water Window X Ray by Phase-Matched High-order Harmonic Generation in Neutral Media," Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 253901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ivanov, M.

V. S. Yakovlev, M. Ivanov, and F. Krausz, "Enhanced phase-matching for generation of soft X-ray harmonics and attosecond pulses in atomic gases," Opt. Express 15, 15351 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ivanov, M. Yu.

M. Lewenstein, Ph. Balcou, M. Yu. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. Corkum, "Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields," Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kalpouzos, C.

E. Skantzakis, P. Tzallas, J. Kruse, C. Kalpouzos, and D. Charalambidis, "Coherent continuum extreme ultraviolet radiation in the sub-100-nJ range generated by a high-power many-cycle laser field," Opt. Lett. 34, 1732 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kanai, T.

E. J. Takahashi, T. Kanai, K. L. Ishikawa, Y. Nabekawa, and K. Midorikawa, "Coherent Water Window X Ray by Phase-Matched High-order Harmonic Generation in Neutral Media," Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 253901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Khan, S. D.

S. Gilbertson, Y. Wu, S. D. Khan, M. Chini, K. Zhao, X. Feng, and Z. Chang, "Isolated attosecond pulse generation using multicycle pulses directly from a laser amplifier," Phys. Rev. A 81, 043810 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. Feng, S. Gilbertson, H. Mashiko, H. Wang, S. D. Khan, M. Chini, Y. Wu, K. Zhao, and Z. Chang, "Generation of Isolated Attosecond Pulses with 20 to 28 Femtosecond Lasers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 183901 (2009).

H. Mashiko, S. Gilbertson, C. Li, S. D. Khan, M. M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, "Double optical gating of high-order harmonic generation with carrier-envelope phase stabilized laser," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 103906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kienberger, R.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, "Single-Cycle Nonlinear Optics," Science 320, 1614 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature 414, 509 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kleineberg, U.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, "Single-Cycle Nonlinear Optics," Science 320, 1614 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krainov, V. P.

M. V. Ammosov, N. B. Delone, and V. P. Krainov, "Tunnel ionization of complex atoms and of atoms ions in an alternating electromagnetic field," Sov. Phys. JETP 64, 1191 (1986).

Krausz, F.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, "Single-Cycle Nonlinear Optics," Science 320, 1614 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. S. Yakovlev, M. Ivanov, and F. Krausz, "Enhanced phase-matching for generation of soft X-ray harmonics and attosecond pulses in atomic gases," Opt. Express 15, 15351 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature 414, 509 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kruse, J.

E. Skantzakis, P. Tzallas, J. Kruse, C. Kalpouzos, and D. Charalambidis, "Coherent continuum extreme ultraviolet radiation in the sub-100-nJ range generated by a high-power many-cycle laser field," Opt. Lett. 34, 1732 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L’Huillier, A.

M. Lewenstein, Ph. Balcou, M. Yu. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. Corkum, "Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields," Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lan, P.

E. J. Takahashi, P. Lan, O. D. Mücke, Y. Nabekawa, and K. Midorikawa, "Infrared Two-Color Multicycle Laser Field Synthesis for Generating an Intense Attosecond Pulse," Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 233901 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Lan, P. Lu, Q. Li, W. Hong, and Q. Zhang, "Macroscopic effects for quantum control of broadband isolated attosecond pulse generation with a two-color field," Phys. Rev. A 79, 043413 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Q. Zhang, P. Lu, P. Lan, W. Hong, and Z. Yang, "Multi -cycle laser-driven broadband supercontinuum with a modulated polarization gating," Opt. Express 16, 9795 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Hong, P. Lu, P. Lan, Z. Yang, Y. Li, and Q. Liao, "Broadband xuv supercontinuum generation via controlling quantum paths by a low-frequency field," Phys. Rev. A 77, 033410 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Leone, S. R.

T. Pfeifer, L. Gallmann, M. J. Abel, P. M. Nagel, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, "Heterodyne Mixing of Laser Fields for Temporal Gating of High-Order Harmonic Generation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 163901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lewenstein, M.

M. Lewenstein, Ph. Balcou, M. Yu. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. Corkum, "Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields," Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, C.

H. Mashiko, S. Gilbertson, C. Li, S. D. Khan, M. M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, "Double optical gating of high-order harmonic generation with carrier-envelope phase stabilized laser," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 103906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, Q.

P. Lan, P. Lu, Q. Li, W. Hong, and Q. Zhang, "Macroscopic effects for quantum control of broadband isolated attosecond pulse generation with a two-color field," Phys. Rev. A 79, 043413 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Li, R.

Z. Zeng, Y. Cheng, X. Song, R. Li, and Z. Xu, "Generation of an Extreme Ultraviolet Supercontinuum in a Two-Color Laser Field," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 203901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, Y.

W. Hong, P. Lu, P. Lan, Z. Yang, Y. Li, and Q. Liao, "Broadband xuv supercontinuum generation via controlling quantum paths by a low-frequency field," Phys. Rev. A 77, 033410 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Liao, Q.

W. Hong, P. Lu, P. Lan, Z. Yang, Y. Li, and Q. Liao, "Broadband xuv supercontinuum generation via controlling quantum paths by a low-frequency field," Phys. Rev. A 77, 033410 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lu, P.

W. Hong, P. Wei, Q. Zhang, S. Yang, and P. Lu, "Mid-infrared modulated polarization gating for ultra-broadband supercontinuum generation," Opt. Express 18, 11308 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Lan, P. Lu, Q. Li, W. Hong, and Q. Zhang, "Macroscopic effects for quantum control of broadband isolated attosecond pulse generation with a two-color field," Phys. Rev. A 79, 043413 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Q. Zhang, P. Lu, P. Lan, W. Hong, and Z. Yang, "Multi -cycle laser-driven broadband supercontinuum with a modulated polarization gating," Opt. Express 16, 9795 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Hong, P. Lu, P. Lan, Z. Yang, Y. Li, and Q. Liao, "Broadband xuv supercontinuum generation via controlling quantum paths by a low-frequency field," Phys. Rev. A 77, 033410 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Maquet, A.

P. Antoine, B. Piraux, and A. Maquet, "Time profile of harmonics generated by a single atom in a strong electromagnetic field," Phys. Rev. A 51, R1750 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

March, A. M.

P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C. I. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A. M. March, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. F. Dimauro, "Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit," Nat. Phys. 4, 386 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mashiko, H.

X. Feng, S. Gilbertson, H. Mashiko, H. Wang, S. D. Khan, M. Chini, Y. Wu, K. Zhao, and Z. Chang, "Generation of Isolated Attosecond Pulses with 20 to 28 Femtosecond Lasers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 183901 (2009).

H. Mashiko, S. Gilbertson, C. Li, S. D. Khan, M. M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, "Double optical gating of high-order harmonic generation with carrier-envelope phase stabilized laser," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 103906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Midorikawa, K.

E. J. Takahashi, P. Lan, O. D. Mücke, Y. Nabekawa, and K. Midorikawa, "Infrared Two-Color Multicycle Laser Field Synthesis for Generating an Intense Attosecond Pulse," Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 233901 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. J. Takahashi, T. Kanai, K. L. Ishikawa, Y. Nabekawa, and K. Midorikawa, "Coherent Water Window X Ray by Phase-Matched High-order Harmonic Generation in Neutral Media," Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 253901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Milosevic, N.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature 414, 509 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Moon, E.

H. Mashiko, S. Gilbertson, C. Li, S. D. Khan, M. M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, "Double optical gating of high-order harmonic generation with carrier-envelope phase stabilized laser," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 103906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mücke, O. D.

E. J. Takahashi, P. Lan, O. D. Mücke, Y. Nabekawa, and K. Midorikawa, "Infrared Two-Color Multicycle Laser Field Synthesis for Generating an Intense Attosecond Pulse," Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 233901 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Muller, H. G.

P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C. I. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A. M. March, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. F. Dimauro, "Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit," Nat. Phys. 4, 386 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nabekawa, Y.

E. J. Takahashi, P. Lan, O. D. Mücke, Y. Nabekawa, and K. Midorikawa, "Infrared Two-Color Multicycle Laser Field Synthesis for Generating an Intense Attosecond Pulse," Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 233901 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. J. Takahashi, T. Kanai, K. L. Ishikawa, Y. Nabekawa, and K. Midorikawa, "Coherent Water Window X Ray by Phase-Matched High-order Harmonic Generation in Neutral Media," Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 253901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nagel, P. M.

T. Pfeifer, L. Gallmann, M. J. Abel, P. M. Nagel, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, "Heterodyne Mixing of Laser Fields for Temporal Gating of High-Order Harmonic Generation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 163901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Negro, M.

F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, M. Negro, G. Sansone, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, "Efficient continuum generation exceeding 200 eV by intense ultrashort two-color driver," Opt. Lett. 34, 3125 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Neumark, D. M.

T. Pfeifer, L. Gallmann, M. J. Abel, P. M. Nagel, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, "Heterodyne Mixing of Laser Fields for Temporal Gating of High-Order Harmonic Generation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 163901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nisoli, M.

F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, M. Negro, G. Sansone, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, "Efficient continuum generation exceeding 200 eV by intense ultrashort two-color driver," Opt. Lett. 34, 3125 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, G. Sansone, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, "Coherent continuum generation above 100eV driven by an ir parametric source in two-color scheme," Phys. Rev. A 79, 033842 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Paulus, G. G.

P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C. I. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A. M. March, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. F. Dimauro, "Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit," Nat. Phys. 4, 386 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Pfeifer, T.

T. Pfeifer, L. Gallmann, M. J. Abel, P. M. Nagel, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, "Heterodyne Mixing of Laser Fields for Temporal Gating of High-Order Harmonic Generation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 163901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Piraux, B.

P. Antoine, B. Piraux, and A. Maquet, "Time profile of harmonics generated by a single atom in a strong electromagnetic field," Phys. Rev. A 51, R1750 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Poletto, L.

F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, M. Negro, G. Sansone, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, "Efficient continuum generation exceeding 200 eV by intense ultrashort two-color driver," Opt. Lett. 34, 3125 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, G. Sansone, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, "Coherent continuum generation above 100eV driven by an ir parametric source in two-color scheme," Phys. Rev. A 79, 033842 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Reider, G. A.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature 414, 509 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sandner, W.

C. F. de Morisson Faria, M. Dorr, W. Becker, and W. Sandner, "Time-frequency analysis of two-color high harmonic generation," Phys. Rev. A 60, 1377 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sansone, G.

F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, M. Negro, G. Sansone, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, "Efficient continuum generation exceeding 200 eV by intense ultrashort two-color driver," Opt. Lett. 34, 3125 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, G. Sansone, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, "Coherent continuum generation above 100eV driven by an ir parametric source in two-color scheme," Phys. Rev. A 79, 033842 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Schultze, M.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, "Single-Cycle Nonlinear Optics," Science 320, 1614 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shakya, M. M.

H. Mashiko, S. Gilbertson, C. Li, S. D. Khan, M. M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, "Double optical gating of high-order harmonic generation with carrier-envelope phase stabilized laser," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 103906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Skantzakis, E.

E. Skantzakis, P. Tzallas, J. Kruse, C. Kalpouzos, and D. Charalambidis, "Coherent continuum extreme ultraviolet radiation in the sub-100-nJ range generated by a high-power many-cycle laser field," Opt. Lett. 34, 1732 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Song, X.

Z. Zeng, Y. Cheng, X. Song, R. Li, and Z. Xu, "Generation of an Extreme Ultraviolet Supercontinuum in a Two-Color Laser Field," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 203901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Spielmann, Ch.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature 414, 509 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stagira, S.

F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, M. Negro, G. Sansone, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, "Efficient continuum generation exceeding 200 eV by intense ultrashort two-color driver," Opt. Lett. 34, 3125 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, G. Sansone, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, "Coherent continuum generation above 100eV driven by an ir parametric source in two-color scheme," Phys. Rev. A 79, 033842 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Strelkov, V. V.

V. V. Strelkov, "Theory of high-order harmonic generation and attosecond pulse emission by a low-frequency elliptically polarized laser field," Phys. Rev. A 74, 013405 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Takahashi, E. J.

E. J. Takahashi, P. Lan, O. D. Mücke, Y. Nabekawa, and K. Midorikawa, "Infrared Two-Color Multicycle Laser Field Synthesis for Generating an Intense Attosecond Pulse," Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 233901 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. J. Takahashi, T. Kanai, K. L. Ishikawa, Y. Nabekawa, and K. Midorikawa, "Coherent Water Window X Ray by Phase-Matched High-order Harmonic Generation in Neutral Media," Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 253901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tate, J.

P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C. I. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A. M. March, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. F. Dimauro, "Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit," Nat. Phys. 4, 386 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tzallas, P.

E. Skantzakis, P. Tzallas, J. Kruse, C. Kalpouzos, and D. Charalambidis, "Coherent continuum extreme ultraviolet radiation in the sub-100-nJ range generated by a high-power many-cycle laser field," Opt. Lett. 34, 1732 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Uiberacker, M.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, "Single-Cycle Nonlinear Optics," Science 320, 1614 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Villoresi, P.

C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, G. Sansone, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, "Coherent continuum generation above 100eV driven by an ir parametric source in two-color scheme," Phys. Rev. A 79, 033842 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, M. Negro, G. Sansone, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, "Efficient continuum generation exceeding 200 eV by intense ultrashort two-color driver," Opt. Lett. 34, 3125 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vozzi, C.

F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, M. Negro, G. Sansone, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, "Efficient continuum generation exceeding 200 eV by intense ultrashort two-color driver," Opt. Lett. 34, 3125 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, G. Sansone, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, "Coherent continuum generation above 100eV driven by an ir parametric source in two-color scheme," Phys. Rev. A 79, 033842 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, H.

H. Du, H. Wang, and B. Hu, "Isolated short attosecond pulse generated using a two-color laser and a high-order pulse," Phys. Rev. A 81, 063813 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. Feng, S. Gilbertson, H. Mashiko, H. Wang, S. D. Khan, M. Chini, Y. Wu, K. Zhao, and Z. Chang, "Generation of Isolated Attosecond Pulses with 20 to 28 Femtosecond Lasers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 183901 (2009).

Wei, P.

W. Hong, P. Wei, Q. Zhang, S. Yang, and P. Lu, "Mid-infrared modulated polarization gating for ultra-broadband supercontinuum generation," Opt. Express 18, 11308 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wheeler, J.

P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C. I. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A. M. March, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. F. Dimauro, "Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit," Nat. Phys. 4, 386 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wu, Y.

S. Gilbertson, Y. Wu, S. D. Khan, M. Chini, K. Zhao, X. Feng, and Z. Chang, "Isolated attosecond pulse generation using multicycle pulses directly from a laser amplifier," Phys. Rev. A 81, 043810 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. Feng, S. Gilbertson, H. Mashiko, H. Wang, S. D. Khan, M. Chini, Y. Wu, K. Zhao, and Z. Chang, "Generation of Isolated Attosecond Pulses with 20 to 28 Femtosecond Lasers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 183901 (2009).

Xu, Z.

Z. Zeng, Y. Cheng, X. Song, R. Li, and Z. Xu, "Generation of an Extreme Ultraviolet Supercontinuum in a Two-Color Laser Field," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 203901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yakovlev, V. S.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, "Single-Cycle Nonlinear Optics," Science 320, 1614 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. S. Yakovlev, M. Ivanov, and F. Krausz, "Enhanced phase-matching for generation of soft X-ray harmonics and attosecond pulses in atomic gases," Opt. Express 15, 15351 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, S.

W. Hong, P. Wei, Q. Zhang, S. Yang, and P. Lu, "Mid-infrared modulated polarization gating for ultra-broadband supercontinuum generation," Opt. Express 18, 11308 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, Z.

W. Hong, P. Lu, P. Lan, Z. Yang, Y. Li, and Q. Liao, "Broadband xuv supercontinuum generation via controlling quantum paths by a low-frequency field," Phys. Rev. A 77, 033410 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Q. Zhang, P. Lu, P. Lan, W. Hong, and Z. Yang, "Multi -cycle laser-driven broadband supercontinuum with a modulated polarization gating," Opt. Express 16, 9795 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zeng, Z.

Z. Zeng, Y. Cheng, X. Song, R. Li, and Z. Xu, "Generation of an Extreme Ultraviolet Supercontinuum in a Two-Color Laser Field," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 203901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, Q.

W. Hong, P. Wei, Q. Zhang, S. Yang, and P. Lu, "Mid-infrared modulated polarization gating for ultra-broadband supercontinuum generation," Opt. Express 18, 11308 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Lan, P. Lu, Q. Li, W. Hong, and Q. Zhang, "Macroscopic effects for quantum control of broadband isolated attosecond pulse generation with a two-color field," Phys. Rev. A 79, 043413 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Q. Zhang, P. Lu, P. Lan, W. Hong, and Z. Yang, "Multi -cycle laser-driven broadband supercontinuum with a modulated polarization gating," Opt. Express 16, 9795 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhao, K.

S. Gilbertson, Y. Wu, S. D. Khan, M. Chini, K. Zhao, X. Feng, and Z. Chang, "Isolated attosecond pulse generation using multicycle pulses directly from a laser amplifier," Phys. Rev. A 81, 043810 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. Feng, S. Gilbertson, H. Mashiko, H. Wang, S. D. Khan, M. Chini, Y. Wu, K. Zhao, and Z. Chang, "Generation of Isolated Attosecond Pulses with 20 to 28 Femtosecond Lasers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 183901 (2009).

Nat. Phys. (1)

P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C. I. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A. M. March, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. F. Dimauro, "Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit," Nat. Phys. 4, 386 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature 414, 509 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (3)

Q. Zhang, P. Lu, P. Lan, W. Hong, and Z. Yang, "Multi -cycle laser-driven broadband supercontinuum with a modulated polarization gating," Opt. Express 16, 9795 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. S. Yakovlev, M. Ivanov, and F. Krausz, "Enhanced phase-matching for generation of soft X-ray harmonics and attosecond pulses in atomic gases," Opt. Express 15, 15351 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Hong, P. Wei, Q. Zhang, S. Yang, and P. Lu, "Mid-infrared modulated polarization gating for ultra-broadband supercontinuum generation," Opt. Express 18, 11308 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (2)

F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, M. Negro, G. Sansone, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, "Efficient continuum generation exceeding 200 eV by intense ultrashort two-color driver," Opt. Lett. 34, 3125 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Skantzakis, P. Tzallas, J. Kruse, C. Kalpouzos, and D. Charalambidis, "Coherent continuum extreme ultraviolet radiation in the sub-100-nJ range generated by a high-power many-cycle laser field," Opt. Lett. 34, 1732 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. A (11)

W. Hong, P. Lu, P. Lan, Z. Yang, Y. Li, and Q. Liao, "Broadband xuv supercontinuum generation via controlling quantum paths by a low-frequency field," Phys. Rev. A 77, 033410 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Du, H. Wang, and B. Hu, "Isolated short attosecond pulse generated using a two-color laser and a high-order pulse," Phys. Rev. A 81, 063813 (2010).
[CrossRef]

P. Lan, P. Lu, Q. Li, W. Hong, and Q. Zhang, "Macroscopic effects for quantum control of broadband isolated attosecond pulse generation with a two-color field," Phys. Rev. A 79, 043413 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Z. Chang, "Single attosecond pulse and xuv supercontinuum in the high-order harmonic plateau," Phys. Rev. A 70, 043802 (2004).

V. V. Strelkov, "Theory of high-order harmonic generation and attosecond pulse emission by a low-frequency elliptically polarized laser field," Phys. Rev. A 74, 013405 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, G. Sansone, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, "Coherent continuum generation above 100eV driven by an ir parametric source in two-color scheme," Phys. Rev. A 79, 033842 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. F. de Morisson Faria, M. Dorr, W. Becker, and W. Sandner, "Time-frequency analysis of two-color high harmonic generation," Phys. Rev. A 60, 1377 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Carrera, and S.-I. Chu, "Extension of high-order harmonic generation cutoff via coherent control of intense few-cycle chirped laser pulses," Phys. Rev. A 75, 033807 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Lewenstein, Ph. Balcou, M. Yu. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. Corkum, "Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields," Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Antoine, B. Piraux, and A. Maquet, "Time profile of harmonics generated by a single atom in a strong electromagnetic field," Phys. Rev. A 51, R1750 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Gilbertson, Y. Wu, S. D. Khan, M. Chini, K. Zhao, X. Feng, and Z. Chang, "Isolated attosecond pulse generation using multicycle pulses directly from a laser amplifier," Phys. Rev. A 81, 043810 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (7)

E. J. Takahashi, T. Kanai, K. L. Ishikawa, Y. Nabekawa, and K. Midorikawa, "Coherent Water Window X Ray by Phase-Matched High-order Harmonic Generation in Neutral Media," Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 253901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. B. Corkum, "Plasma perspective on strong field multiphoton ionization," Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 1994 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Pfeifer, L. Gallmann, M. J. Abel, P. M. Nagel, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, "Heterodyne Mixing of Laser Fields for Temporal Gating of High-Order Harmonic Generation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 163901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. J. Takahashi, P. Lan, O. D. Mücke, Y. Nabekawa, and K. Midorikawa, "Infrared Two-Color Multicycle Laser Field Synthesis for Generating an Intense Attosecond Pulse," Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 233901 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Zeng, Y. Cheng, X. Song, R. Li, and Z. Xu, "Generation of an Extreme Ultraviolet Supercontinuum in a Two-Color Laser Field," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 203901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Mashiko, S. Gilbertson, C. Li, S. D. Khan, M. M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, "Double optical gating of high-order harmonic generation with carrier-envelope phase stabilized laser," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 103906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Feng, S. Gilbertson, H. Mashiko, H. Wang, S. D. Khan, M. Chini, Y. Wu, K. Zhao, and Z. Chang, "Generation of Isolated Attosecond Pulses with 20 to 28 Femtosecond Lasers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 183901 (2009).

Science (1)

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, "Single-Cycle Nonlinear Optics," Science 320, 1614 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sov. Phys. JETP (1)

M. V. Ammosov, N. B. Delone, and V. P. Krainov, "Tunnel ionization of complex atoms and of atoms ions in an alternating electromagnetic field," Sov. Phys. JETP 64, 1191 (1986).

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) The solid black line is the driving field Ex and the dotted red line is the gating field Ey of the generalized polarization gating unmodulated by the chirped pulse. (b) Electron trajectories (The ionization and recombination times are shown in unfilled blue cycles and red crosses, respectively.) of HHG in the generalized polarization gating unmodulated by the chirped pulse and ellipticity (solid black line).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) The solid black line is the driving field Ex and the dotted red line is the gating field Ey of the generalized polarization gating modulated by the chirped pulse. (b) Electron trajectories (The ionization and recombination times are shown in unfilled blue cycles and red crosses, respectively.) of HHG in the generalized polarization gating modulated by the chirped pulse and ellipticity (solid black line).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

The harmonic spectra in the unmodulated generalized polarization gating (dotted red line) and in the modulated generalized polarization gating (solid black line).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

The time-frequency distribution of x component (a) in the modulated generalized polarization gating and (b) in the unmodulated generalized polarization gating.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Isolated attosecond pulses centered at different frequencies.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

The harmonic spectra with different carrier-envelope phase ϕ of the chirped pulse. Other parameters are same as in Fig. 3.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

The harmonic spectra with different chirp parameter β. Other parameters are same as in Fig. 3.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

The harmonic spectra with different pulse durations. Other parameters are same as in Fig. 3.

Equations (11)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

d nl = i t d t [ π ɛ + i ( t t ) / 2 ] 3 / 2 × d * [ p s t ( t , t ) A ( t ) ] d [ p s t ( t , t ) A ( t ) ] × exp [ i S s t ( t , t ) ] E f ( t ) g ( t ) + c . c ..
p s t ( t , t ) = 1 t t t t A ( t ) d t ,
S s t ( t , t ) = ( t t ) I p 1 2 p s t 2 ( t , t ) ( t t ) + 1 2 t t A 2 ( t ) d t ,
d ( p ) = i 2 7 / 2 π ( 2 I p ) 5 / 4 p ( p 2 + 2 I p ) 3 .
g ( t ) = exp [ t ω ( t ) d t ] ,
ω ( t ) = ω p | C n * | 2 ( 4 ω p ω t ) 2 n * 1 exp ( 4 ω p 3 ω t ) ,
ω p = I p ħ , ω t = e | E f ( t ) | 2 m e I p , n * = Z ( I p h I p ) 1 / 2 , | C n * | 2 = 2 2 n * n * Γ ( n * + 1 ) Γ ( n * ) ,
P A ( q ω ) = | 1 2 π T a ( t ) e i q ω t d t | 2 ,
E x ( t ) = E 0 ɛ [ ( e 2 ln 2 [ ( t T d / 2 ) / τ p ] 2 + e 2 ln 2 [ ( t + T d / 2 ) / τ p | 2 ) ] cos ( ω 0 t + π / 2 ) ,
E y ( t ) = E 0 [ ( e 2 ln 2 [ ( t T d / 2 ) / τ p ] 2 e 2 ln 2 [ ( t + T d / 2 ) / τ p ] 2 / τ p ] 2 ) ] sin ( ω 0 t + π / 2 ) .
E x , c ( t ) = a E 0 e 2 ln 2 ( t / τ p ) 2 cos ( ω 0 t + δ ( t ) + ϕ ) .

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