Abstract

Slow light propagation is demonstrated by implementing Coherent Population Oscillations in a silica fiber doped with erbium ions in a ring surrounding the single mode core. Though only the wings of the mode interact with erbium ions, group velocities around 1360 m/s are obtained without any spatial distortion of the propagating mode.

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  1. S. E. Harris, “Electromagnetically Induced Transparency,” Phys. Today 50(7), 36 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. Fleischhauer, A. Imamoglu, and J. P. Marangos, “Electromagnetically induced transparency: Optics in coherent media,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 77(2), 633–673 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  3. R. W. Boyd, M. G. Raymer, P. Narum, and D. J. Harte, “Four-wave parametric interactions in a strongly driven two-level system,” Phys. Rev. A 24(1), 411–423 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. Q. Liang, M. Katsuragawa, F. Kien, K. Hakuta, F. L. Kien, and K. Hakuta, “Slow light produced by stimulated Raman scattering in solid hydrogen,” Phys. Rev. A 65(3), 031801 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  5. Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, “Tunable all-optical delays via Brillouin slow light in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(15), 153902 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. K. Y. Song, M. Herráez, and L. Thévenaz, “Observation of pulse delaying and advancement in optical fibers using stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Opt. Express 13(1), 82–88 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. M. S. Bigelow, N. N. Lepeshkin, and R. W. Boyd, “Observation of ultraslow light propagation in a ruby crystal at room temperature,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90(11), 113903 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. M. S. Bigelow, N. N. Lepeshkin, and R. W. Boyd, “Superluminal and slow light propagation in a room-temperature solid,” Science 301(5630), 200–202 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. P. C. Ku, F. Sedgwick, C. J. Chang-Hasnain, P. Palinginis, T. Li, H. Wang, S. W. Chang, and S. L. Chuang, “Slow light in semiconductor quantum wells,” Opt. Lett. 29(19), 2291–2293 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. E. Baldit, K. Bencheikh, P. Monnier, J. A. Levenson, and V. Rouget, “Ultraslow light propagation in an inhomogeneously broadened rare-earth ion-doped crystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(14), 143601 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. J. Freeman and J. Conradi, “Gain modulation response of erbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5(2), 224–226 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  12. S. Novak and A. Moesle, “Analytic model for gain modulation in EDFAs,” J. Lightwave Technol. 20(6), 975–985 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  13. S. Jarabo, “Measurement of the phase shift for a low-frequency-modulated signal power in an erbium-doped fiber amplifier,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14(7), 1846 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  14. A. Schweinsberg, N. N. Lepeshkin, M. S. Bigelow, R. W. Boyd, and S. Jarabo, “Observation of superluminal and slow light propagation in erbium-doped optical fiber,” Europhys. Lett. 73(2), 218–224 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  15. M. P. Petrov, R. V. Kiyan, E. A. Kuzin, E. A. Rogacheva, and V. V. Spirin, “Gain saturation in three- and four-level fiber amplifiers,” Opt. Commun. 109(5-6), 499–506 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  16. J. Nilsson, R. Paschotta, J. E. Caplen, and D. C. Hanna, “Yb(3+)-ring-doped fiber for high-energy pulse amplification,” Opt. Lett. 22(14), 1092–1094 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. P. Bousselet, S. Lanne, J. P. Thiéry, Y. Frignac, E. Leplingard, C. Simonneau, E. Corbel, D. Bayart, J. P. Hamaide, E. Agostini, and A. Nowodzinski, “BER validation of ring-doping cladding-pumped EDFAs for dense WDM applications,” Electron. Lett. 38(11), 522–523 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  18. A. K. Patnaik, J. Q. Liang, and K. Hakuta, “Slow light propagation in a thin optical fiber via electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. A 66(6), 063808 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  19. E. Baldit, S. Briaudeau, P. Monnier, K. Bencheikh, and J. A. Levenson, “Light propagation in a solid doped with erbium ions: from ultraslow light to the superluminal regime,” C. R. Phys. 10(10), 927–937 (2009).
    [CrossRef]

2009 (1)

E. Baldit, S. Briaudeau, P. Monnier, K. Bencheikh, and J. A. Levenson, “Light propagation in a solid doped with erbium ions: from ultraslow light to the superluminal regime,” C. R. Phys. 10(10), 927–937 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

A. Schweinsberg, N. N. Lepeshkin, M. S. Bigelow, R. W. Boyd, and S. Jarabo, “Observation of superluminal and slow light propagation in erbium-doped optical fiber,” Europhys. Lett. 73(2), 218–224 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (4)

E. Baldit, K. Bencheikh, P. Monnier, J. A. Levenson, and V. Rouget, “Ultraslow light propagation in an inhomogeneously broadened rare-earth ion-doped crystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(14), 143601 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Fleischhauer, A. Imamoglu, and J. P. Marangos, “Electromagnetically induced transparency: Optics in coherent media,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 77(2), 633–673 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, “Tunable all-optical delays via Brillouin slow light in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(15), 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Y. Song, M. Herráez, and L. Thévenaz, “Observation of pulse delaying and advancement in optical fibers using stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Opt. Express 13(1), 82–88 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

P. C. Ku, F. Sedgwick, C. J. Chang-Hasnain, P. Palinginis, T. Li, H. Wang, S. W. Chang, and S. L. Chuang, “Slow light in semiconductor quantum wells,” Opt. Lett. 29(19), 2291–2293 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (2)

M. S. Bigelow, N. N. Lepeshkin, and R. W. Boyd, “Observation of ultraslow light propagation in a ruby crystal at room temperature,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90(11), 113903 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. S. Bigelow, N. N. Lepeshkin, and R. W. Boyd, “Superluminal and slow light propagation in a room-temperature solid,” Science 301(5630), 200–202 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (4)

J. Q. Liang, M. Katsuragawa, F. Kien, K. Hakuta, F. L. Kien, and K. Hakuta, “Slow light produced by stimulated Raman scattering in solid hydrogen,” Phys. Rev. A 65(3), 031801 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Novak and A. Moesle, “Analytic model for gain modulation in EDFAs,” J. Lightwave Technol. 20(6), 975–985 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P. Bousselet, S. Lanne, J. P. Thiéry, Y. Frignac, E. Leplingard, C. Simonneau, E. Corbel, D. Bayart, J. P. Hamaide, E. Agostini, and A. Nowodzinski, “BER validation of ring-doping cladding-pumped EDFAs for dense WDM applications,” Electron. Lett. 38(11), 522–523 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. K. Patnaik, J. Q. Liang, and K. Hakuta, “Slow light propagation in a thin optical fiber via electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. A 66(6), 063808 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1997 (3)

S. Jarabo, “Measurement of the phase shift for a low-frequency-modulated signal power in an erbium-doped fiber amplifier,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14(7), 1846 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Nilsson, R. Paschotta, J. E. Caplen, and D. C. Hanna, “Yb(3+)-ring-doped fiber for high-energy pulse amplification,” Opt. Lett. 22(14), 1092–1094 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. E. Harris, “Electromagnetically Induced Transparency,” Phys. Today 50(7), 36 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

M. P. Petrov, R. V. Kiyan, E. A. Kuzin, E. A. Rogacheva, and V. V. Spirin, “Gain saturation in three- and four-level fiber amplifiers,” Opt. Commun. 109(5-6), 499–506 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

J. Freeman and J. Conradi, “Gain modulation response of erbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5(2), 224–226 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1981 (1)

R. W. Boyd, M. G. Raymer, P. Narum, and D. J. Harte, “Four-wave parametric interactions in a strongly driven two-level system,” Phys. Rev. A 24(1), 411–423 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Agostini, E.

P. Bousselet, S. Lanne, J. P. Thiéry, Y. Frignac, E. Leplingard, C. Simonneau, E. Corbel, D. Bayart, J. P. Hamaide, E. Agostini, and A. Nowodzinski, “BER validation of ring-doping cladding-pumped EDFAs for dense WDM applications,” Electron. Lett. 38(11), 522–523 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Baldit, E.

E. Baldit, S. Briaudeau, P. Monnier, K. Bencheikh, and J. A. Levenson, “Light propagation in a solid doped with erbium ions: from ultraslow light to the superluminal regime,” C. R. Phys. 10(10), 927–937 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. Baldit, K. Bencheikh, P. Monnier, J. A. Levenson, and V. Rouget, “Ultraslow light propagation in an inhomogeneously broadened rare-earth ion-doped crystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(14), 143601 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bayart, D.

P. Bousselet, S. Lanne, J. P. Thiéry, Y. Frignac, E. Leplingard, C. Simonneau, E. Corbel, D. Bayart, J. P. Hamaide, E. Agostini, and A. Nowodzinski, “BER validation of ring-doping cladding-pumped EDFAs for dense WDM applications,” Electron. Lett. 38(11), 522–523 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Bencheikh, K.

E. Baldit, S. Briaudeau, P. Monnier, K. Bencheikh, and J. A. Levenson, “Light propagation in a solid doped with erbium ions: from ultraslow light to the superluminal regime,” C. R. Phys. 10(10), 927–937 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. Baldit, K. Bencheikh, P. Monnier, J. A. Levenson, and V. Rouget, “Ultraslow light propagation in an inhomogeneously broadened rare-earth ion-doped crystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(14), 143601 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bigelow, M. S.

A. Schweinsberg, N. N. Lepeshkin, M. S. Bigelow, R. W. Boyd, and S. Jarabo, “Observation of superluminal and slow light propagation in erbium-doped optical fiber,” Europhys. Lett. 73(2), 218–224 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, “Tunable all-optical delays via Brillouin slow light in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(15), 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. S. Bigelow, N. N. Lepeshkin, and R. W. Boyd, “Observation of ultraslow light propagation in a ruby crystal at room temperature,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90(11), 113903 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. S. Bigelow, N. N. Lepeshkin, and R. W. Boyd, “Superluminal and slow light propagation in a room-temperature solid,” Science 301(5630), 200–202 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bousselet, P.

P. Bousselet, S. Lanne, J. P. Thiéry, Y. Frignac, E. Leplingard, C. Simonneau, E. Corbel, D. Bayart, J. P. Hamaide, E. Agostini, and A. Nowodzinski, “BER validation of ring-doping cladding-pumped EDFAs for dense WDM applications,” Electron. Lett. 38(11), 522–523 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Boyd, R. W.

A. Schweinsberg, N. N. Lepeshkin, M. S. Bigelow, R. W. Boyd, and S. Jarabo, “Observation of superluminal and slow light propagation in erbium-doped optical fiber,” Europhys. Lett. 73(2), 218–224 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, “Tunable all-optical delays via Brillouin slow light in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(15), 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. S. Bigelow, N. N. Lepeshkin, and R. W. Boyd, “Superluminal and slow light propagation in a room-temperature solid,” Science 301(5630), 200–202 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. S. Bigelow, N. N. Lepeshkin, and R. W. Boyd, “Observation of ultraslow light propagation in a ruby crystal at room temperature,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90(11), 113903 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. W. Boyd, M. G. Raymer, P. Narum, and D. J. Harte, “Four-wave parametric interactions in a strongly driven two-level system,” Phys. Rev. A 24(1), 411–423 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Briaudeau, S.

E. Baldit, S. Briaudeau, P. Monnier, K. Bencheikh, and J. A. Levenson, “Light propagation in a solid doped with erbium ions: from ultraslow light to the superluminal regime,” C. R. Phys. 10(10), 927–937 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Caplen, J. E.

J. Nilsson, R. Paschotta, J. E. Caplen, and D. C. Hanna, “Yb(3+)-ring-doped fiber for high-energy pulse amplification,” Opt. Lett. 22(14), 1092–1094 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chang, S. W.

P. C. Ku, F. Sedgwick, C. J. Chang-Hasnain, P. Palinginis, T. Li, H. Wang, S. W. Chang, and S. L. Chuang, “Slow light in semiconductor quantum wells,” Opt. Lett. 29(19), 2291–2293 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chang-Hasnain, C. J.

P. C. Ku, F. Sedgwick, C. J. Chang-Hasnain, P. Palinginis, T. Li, H. Wang, S. W. Chang, and S. L. Chuang, “Slow light in semiconductor quantum wells,” Opt. Lett. 29(19), 2291–2293 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chuang, S. L.

P. C. Ku, F. Sedgwick, C. J. Chang-Hasnain, P. Palinginis, T. Li, H. Wang, S. W. Chang, and S. L. Chuang, “Slow light in semiconductor quantum wells,” Opt. Lett. 29(19), 2291–2293 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Conradi, J.

J. Freeman and J. Conradi, “Gain modulation response of erbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5(2), 224–226 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Corbel, E.

P. Bousselet, S. Lanne, J. P. Thiéry, Y. Frignac, E. Leplingard, C. Simonneau, E. Corbel, D. Bayart, J. P. Hamaide, E. Agostini, and A. Nowodzinski, “BER validation of ring-doping cladding-pumped EDFAs for dense WDM applications,” Electron. Lett. 38(11), 522–523 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Fleischhauer, M.

M. Fleischhauer, A. Imamoglu, and J. P. Marangos, “Electromagnetically induced transparency: Optics in coherent media,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 77(2), 633–673 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Freeman, J.

J. Freeman and J. Conradi, “Gain modulation response of erbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5(2), 224–226 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Frignac, Y.

P. Bousselet, S. Lanne, J. P. Thiéry, Y. Frignac, E. Leplingard, C. Simonneau, E. Corbel, D. Bayart, J. P. Hamaide, E. Agostini, and A. Nowodzinski, “BER validation of ring-doping cladding-pumped EDFAs for dense WDM applications,” Electron. Lett. 38(11), 522–523 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Gaeta, A. L.

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, “Tunable all-optical delays via Brillouin slow light in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(15), 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gauthier, D. J.

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, “Tunable all-optical delays via Brillouin slow light in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(15), 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hakuta, K.

J. Q. Liang, M. Katsuragawa, F. Kien, K. Hakuta, F. L. Kien, and K. Hakuta, “Slow light produced by stimulated Raman scattering in solid hydrogen,” Phys. Rev. A 65(3), 031801 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Q. Liang, M. Katsuragawa, F. Kien, K. Hakuta, F. L. Kien, and K. Hakuta, “Slow light produced by stimulated Raman scattering in solid hydrogen,” Phys. Rev. A 65(3), 031801 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. K. Patnaik, J. Q. Liang, and K. Hakuta, “Slow light propagation in a thin optical fiber via electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. A 66(6), 063808 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hamaide, J. P.

P. Bousselet, S. Lanne, J. P. Thiéry, Y. Frignac, E. Leplingard, C. Simonneau, E. Corbel, D. Bayart, J. P. Hamaide, E. Agostini, and A. Nowodzinski, “BER validation of ring-doping cladding-pumped EDFAs for dense WDM applications,” Electron. Lett. 38(11), 522–523 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hanna, D. C.

J. Nilsson, R. Paschotta, J. E. Caplen, and D. C. Hanna, “Yb(3+)-ring-doped fiber for high-energy pulse amplification,” Opt. Lett. 22(14), 1092–1094 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Harris, S. E.

S. E. Harris, “Electromagnetically Induced Transparency,” Phys. Today 50(7), 36 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Harte, D. J.

R. W. Boyd, M. G. Raymer, P. Narum, and D. J. Harte, “Four-wave parametric interactions in a strongly driven two-level system,” Phys. Rev. A 24(1), 411–423 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Herráez, M.

K. Y. Song, M. Herráez, and L. Thévenaz, “Observation of pulse delaying and advancement in optical fibers using stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Opt. Express 13(1), 82–88 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Imamoglu, A.

M. Fleischhauer, A. Imamoglu, and J. P. Marangos, “Electromagnetically induced transparency: Optics in coherent media,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 77(2), 633–673 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jarabo, S.

A. Schweinsberg, N. N. Lepeshkin, M. S. Bigelow, R. W. Boyd, and S. Jarabo, “Observation of superluminal and slow light propagation in erbium-doped optical fiber,” Europhys. Lett. 73(2), 218–224 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Jarabo, “Measurement of the phase shift for a low-frequency-modulated signal power in an erbium-doped fiber amplifier,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14(7), 1846 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Katsuragawa, M.

J. Q. Liang, M. Katsuragawa, F. Kien, K. Hakuta, F. L. Kien, and K. Hakuta, “Slow light produced by stimulated Raman scattering in solid hydrogen,” Phys. Rev. A 65(3), 031801 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kien, F.

J. Q. Liang, M. Katsuragawa, F. Kien, K. Hakuta, F. L. Kien, and K. Hakuta, “Slow light produced by stimulated Raman scattering in solid hydrogen,” Phys. Rev. A 65(3), 031801 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kien, F. L.

J. Q. Liang, M. Katsuragawa, F. Kien, K. Hakuta, F. L. Kien, and K. Hakuta, “Slow light produced by stimulated Raman scattering in solid hydrogen,” Phys. Rev. A 65(3), 031801 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kiyan, R. V.

M. P. Petrov, R. V. Kiyan, E. A. Kuzin, E. A. Rogacheva, and V. V. Spirin, “Gain saturation in three- and four-level fiber amplifiers,” Opt. Commun. 109(5-6), 499–506 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Ku, P. C.

P. C. Ku, F. Sedgwick, C. J. Chang-Hasnain, P. Palinginis, T. Li, H. Wang, S. W. Chang, and S. L. Chuang, “Slow light in semiconductor quantum wells,” Opt. Lett. 29(19), 2291–2293 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kuzin, E. A.

M. P. Petrov, R. V. Kiyan, E. A. Kuzin, E. A. Rogacheva, and V. V. Spirin, “Gain saturation in three- and four-level fiber amplifiers,” Opt. Commun. 109(5-6), 499–506 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Lanne, S.

P. Bousselet, S. Lanne, J. P. Thiéry, Y. Frignac, E. Leplingard, C. Simonneau, E. Corbel, D. Bayart, J. P. Hamaide, E. Agostini, and A. Nowodzinski, “BER validation of ring-doping cladding-pumped EDFAs for dense WDM applications,” Electron. Lett. 38(11), 522–523 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lepeshkin, N. N.

A. Schweinsberg, N. N. Lepeshkin, M. S. Bigelow, R. W. Boyd, and S. Jarabo, “Observation of superluminal and slow light propagation in erbium-doped optical fiber,” Europhys. Lett. 73(2), 218–224 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. S. Bigelow, N. N. Lepeshkin, and R. W. Boyd, “Superluminal and slow light propagation in a room-temperature solid,” Science 301(5630), 200–202 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. S. Bigelow, N. N. Lepeshkin, and R. W. Boyd, “Observation of ultraslow light propagation in a ruby crystal at room temperature,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90(11), 113903 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Leplingard, E.

P. Bousselet, S. Lanne, J. P. Thiéry, Y. Frignac, E. Leplingard, C. Simonneau, E. Corbel, D. Bayart, J. P. Hamaide, E. Agostini, and A. Nowodzinski, “BER validation of ring-doping cladding-pumped EDFAs for dense WDM applications,” Electron. Lett. 38(11), 522–523 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Levenson, J. A.

E. Baldit, S. Briaudeau, P. Monnier, K. Bencheikh, and J. A. Levenson, “Light propagation in a solid doped with erbium ions: from ultraslow light to the superluminal regime,” C. R. Phys. 10(10), 927–937 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. Baldit, K. Bencheikh, P. Monnier, J. A. Levenson, and V. Rouget, “Ultraslow light propagation in an inhomogeneously broadened rare-earth ion-doped crystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(14), 143601 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, T.

P. C. Ku, F. Sedgwick, C. J. Chang-Hasnain, P. Palinginis, T. Li, H. Wang, S. W. Chang, and S. L. Chuang, “Slow light in semiconductor quantum wells,” Opt. Lett. 29(19), 2291–2293 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liang, J. Q.

J. Q. Liang, M. Katsuragawa, F. Kien, K. Hakuta, F. L. Kien, and K. Hakuta, “Slow light produced by stimulated Raman scattering in solid hydrogen,” Phys. Rev. A 65(3), 031801 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. K. Patnaik, J. Q. Liang, and K. Hakuta, “Slow light propagation in a thin optical fiber via electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. A 66(6), 063808 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Marangos, J. P.

M. Fleischhauer, A. Imamoglu, and J. P. Marangos, “Electromagnetically induced transparency: Optics in coherent media,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 77(2), 633–673 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Moesle, A.

S. Novak and A. Moesle, “Analytic model for gain modulation in EDFAs,” J. Lightwave Technol. 20(6), 975–985 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Monnier, P.

E. Baldit, S. Briaudeau, P. Monnier, K. Bencheikh, and J. A. Levenson, “Light propagation in a solid doped with erbium ions: from ultraslow light to the superluminal regime,” C. R. Phys. 10(10), 927–937 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. Baldit, K. Bencheikh, P. Monnier, J. A. Levenson, and V. Rouget, “Ultraslow light propagation in an inhomogeneously broadened rare-earth ion-doped crystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(14), 143601 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Narum, P.

R. W. Boyd, M. G. Raymer, P. Narum, and D. J. Harte, “Four-wave parametric interactions in a strongly driven two-level system,” Phys. Rev. A 24(1), 411–423 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Nilsson, J.

J. Nilsson, R. Paschotta, J. E. Caplen, and D. C. Hanna, “Yb(3+)-ring-doped fiber for high-energy pulse amplification,” Opt. Lett. 22(14), 1092–1094 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Novak, S.

S. Novak and A. Moesle, “Analytic model for gain modulation in EDFAs,” J. Lightwave Technol. 20(6), 975–985 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Nowodzinski, A.

P. Bousselet, S. Lanne, J. P. Thiéry, Y. Frignac, E. Leplingard, C. Simonneau, E. Corbel, D. Bayart, J. P. Hamaide, E. Agostini, and A. Nowodzinski, “BER validation of ring-doping cladding-pumped EDFAs for dense WDM applications,” Electron. Lett. 38(11), 522–523 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Okawachi, Y.

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, “Tunable all-optical delays via Brillouin slow light in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(15), 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Palinginis, P.

P. C. Ku, F. Sedgwick, C. J. Chang-Hasnain, P. Palinginis, T. Li, H. Wang, S. W. Chang, and S. L. Chuang, “Slow light in semiconductor quantum wells,” Opt. Lett. 29(19), 2291–2293 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Paschotta, R.

J. Nilsson, R. Paschotta, J. E. Caplen, and D. C. Hanna, “Yb(3+)-ring-doped fiber for high-energy pulse amplification,” Opt. Lett. 22(14), 1092–1094 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Patnaik, A. K.

A. K. Patnaik, J. Q. Liang, and K. Hakuta, “Slow light propagation in a thin optical fiber via electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. A 66(6), 063808 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Petrov, M. P.

M. P. Petrov, R. V. Kiyan, E. A. Kuzin, E. A. Rogacheva, and V. V. Spirin, “Gain saturation in three- and four-level fiber amplifiers,” Opt. Commun. 109(5-6), 499–506 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Raymer, M. G.

R. W. Boyd, M. G. Raymer, P. Narum, and D. J. Harte, “Four-wave parametric interactions in a strongly driven two-level system,” Phys. Rev. A 24(1), 411–423 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Rogacheva, E. A.

M. P. Petrov, R. V. Kiyan, E. A. Kuzin, E. A. Rogacheva, and V. V. Spirin, “Gain saturation in three- and four-level fiber amplifiers,” Opt. Commun. 109(5-6), 499–506 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Rouget, V.

E. Baldit, K. Bencheikh, P. Monnier, J. A. Levenson, and V. Rouget, “Ultraslow light propagation in an inhomogeneously broadened rare-earth ion-doped crystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(14), 143601 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schweinsberg, A.

A. Schweinsberg, N. N. Lepeshkin, M. S. Bigelow, R. W. Boyd, and S. Jarabo, “Observation of superluminal and slow light propagation in erbium-doped optical fiber,” Europhys. Lett. 73(2), 218–224 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, “Tunable all-optical delays via Brillouin slow light in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(15), 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sedgwick, F.

P. C. Ku, F. Sedgwick, C. J. Chang-Hasnain, P. Palinginis, T. Li, H. Wang, S. W. Chang, and S. L. Chuang, “Slow light in semiconductor quantum wells,” Opt. Lett. 29(19), 2291–2293 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sharping, J. E.

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, “Tunable all-optical delays via Brillouin slow light in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(15), 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Simonneau, C.

P. Bousselet, S. Lanne, J. P. Thiéry, Y. Frignac, E. Leplingard, C. Simonneau, E. Corbel, D. Bayart, J. P. Hamaide, E. Agostini, and A. Nowodzinski, “BER validation of ring-doping cladding-pumped EDFAs for dense WDM applications,” Electron. Lett. 38(11), 522–523 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Song, K. Y.

K. Y. Song, M. Herráez, and L. Thévenaz, “Observation of pulse delaying and advancement in optical fibers using stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Opt. Express 13(1), 82–88 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Spirin, V. V.

M. P. Petrov, R. V. Kiyan, E. A. Kuzin, E. A. Rogacheva, and V. V. Spirin, “Gain saturation in three- and four-level fiber amplifiers,” Opt. Commun. 109(5-6), 499–506 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Thévenaz, L.

K. Y. Song, M. Herráez, and L. Thévenaz, “Observation of pulse delaying and advancement in optical fibers using stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Opt. Express 13(1), 82–88 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Thiéry, J. P.

P. Bousselet, S. Lanne, J. P. Thiéry, Y. Frignac, E. Leplingard, C. Simonneau, E. Corbel, D. Bayart, J. P. Hamaide, E. Agostini, and A. Nowodzinski, “BER validation of ring-doping cladding-pumped EDFAs for dense WDM applications,” Electron. Lett. 38(11), 522–523 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Wang, H.

P. C. Ku, F. Sedgwick, C. J. Chang-Hasnain, P. Palinginis, T. Li, H. Wang, S. W. Chang, and S. L. Chuang, “Slow light in semiconductor quantum wells,” Opt. Lett. 29(19), 2291–2293 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhu, Z.

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, “Tunable all-optical delays via Brillouin slow light in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(15), 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. R. Phys. (1)

E. Baldit, S. Briaudeau, P. Monnier, K. Bencheikh, and J. A. Levenson, “Light propagation in a solid doped with erbium ions: from ultraslow light to the superluminal regime,” C. R. Phys. 10(10), 927–937 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

P. Bousselet, S. Lanne, J. P. Thiéry, Y. Frignac, E. Leplingard, C. Simonneau, E. Corbel, D. Bayart, J. P. Hamaide, E. Agostini, and A. Nowodzinski, “BER validation of ring-doping cladding-pumped EDFAs for dense WDM applications,” Electron. Lett. 38(11), 522–523 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Europhys. Lett. (1)

A. Schweinsberg, N. N. Lepeshkin, M. S. Bigelow, R. W. Boyd, and S. Jarabo, “Observation of superluminal and slow light propagation in erbium-doped optical fiber,” Europhys. Lett. 73(2), 218–224 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

J. Freeman and J. Conradi, “Gain modulation response of erbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5(2), 224–226 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

S. Novak and A. Moesle, “Analytic model for gain modulation in EDFAs,” J. Lightwave Technol. 20(6), 975–985 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

S. Jarabo, “Measurement of the phase shift for a low-frequency-modulated signal power in an erbium-doped fiber amplifier,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14(7), 1846 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

M. P. Petrov, R. V. Kiyan, E. A. Kuzin, E. A. Rogacheva, and V. V. Spirin, “Gain saturation in three- and four-level fiber amplifiers,” Opt. Commun. 109(5-6), 499–506 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

K. Y. Song, M. Herráez, and L. Thévenaz, “Observation of pulse delaying and advancement in optical fibers using stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Opt. Express 13(1), 82–88 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (2)

P. C. Ku, F. Sedgwick, C. J. Chang-Hasnain, P. Palinginis, T. Li, H. Wang, S. W. Chang, and S. L. Chuang, “Slow light in semiconductor quantum wells,” Opt. Lett. 29(19), 2291–2293 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Nilsson, R. Paschotta, J. E. Caplen, and D. C. Hanna, “Yb(3+)-ring-doped fiber for high-energy pulse amplification,” Opt. Lett. 22(14), 1092–1094 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. A (3)

A. K. Patnaik, J. Q. Liang, and K. Hakuta, “Slow light propagation in a thin optical fiber via electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. A 66(6), 063808 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. W. Boyd, M. G. Raymer, P. Narum, and D. J. Harte, “Four-wave parametric interactions in a strongly driven two-level system,” Phys. Rev. A 24(1), 411–423 (1981).
[CrossRef]

J. Q. Liang, M. Katsuragawa, F. Kien, K. Hakuta, F. L. Kien, and K. Hakuta, “Slow light produced by stimulated Raman scattering in solid hydrogen,” Phys. Rev. A 65(3), 031801 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, “Tunable all-optical delays via Brillouin slow light in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(15), 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Baldit, K. Bencheikh, P. Monnier, J. A. Levenson, and V. Rouget, “Ultraslow light propagation in an inhomogeneously broadened rare-earth ion-doped crystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(14), 143601 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. S. Bigelow, N. N. Lepeshkin, and R. W. Boyd, “Observation of ultraslow light propagation in a ruby crystal at room temperature,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90(11), 113903 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Today (1)

S. E. Harris, “Electromagnetically Induced Transparency,” Phys. Today 50(7), 36 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

M. Fleischhauer, A. Imamoglu, and J. P. Marangos, “Electromagnetically induced transparency: Optics in coherent media,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 77(2), 633–673 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

M. S. Bigelow, N. N. Lepeshkin, and R. W. Boyd, “Superluminal and slow light propagation in a room-temperature solid,” Science 301(5630), 200–202 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Defraction index profile of the REDF.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Absorption of the REDF.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Scheme of the experimental setup.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Group delay obtained in REDFA for different frequencies δ as a function of the pump power.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Group delay obtained in a regular EDFA.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Group delay as function of the frequency δ for a pump power of 5 mW. The continuous line is the theoretical curve.

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

d N ( t ) d t = N ( t ) σ ω I ( t ) + N 0 N T 1 ,
d I ( t ) d t = σ N ( t ) I ( t ) .
α m = α 0 1 + S [ 1 S ( 1 + S + i 2 π δ ) ( 1 + S ) 2 + ( 2 π δ T 1 ) 2 ] ,
τ g = 2 π δ L / Im ( α m ) ,
χ s ( δ , Δ ) = α 0 c ω T 2 1 Δ + δ + i / T 2 1 1 + S 1 + Δ 2 T 2 2 × [ 1 S 2 T 1 T 2 ( δ + 2 i / T 2 ) ( Δ δ i / T 2 ) D ( δ , Δ ) ( δ i / T 2 ) ] ,

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