Abstract

We report multicolor upconversion emissions including the blue-violet, green, and red lights in a Tm3+/Er3+ codoped tellurite glass photonic microwire between two silica fiber tapers. A silica fiber is tapered until its evanescent field is exposed and then angled-cleaved at the tapered center to divide the tapered fibers into two parts. A tellurite glass is melted by a gas flame to cluster into a sphere at the tip of one tapered fiber. The other angled-cleaved tapered fiber is blended into the melted tellurite glass. When the tellurite glass is melted, the two silica fiber tapers are simultaneously moving outwards to draw the tellurite glass into a microwire in between. The advantage of angled-cleaving on fiber tapers is to avoid cavity resonances in high index photonic microwire. Thus, the broadband white light can be transmitted between silica fibers and a special optical property like high intensity upconversion emission can be achieved. A cw 1064 nm Nd:YAG laser light is launched into the Tm3+/Er3+ codoped tellurite microwire through a silica fiber taper to generate the multicolor upconversion emissions, including the blue-violet, green, and red lights, simultaneously.

© 2010 OSA

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2010 (2)

J. Cascante-Vindas, S. Torres-Peiro, A. Diez, and M. V. Andres, “Supercontinuum generation in highly Ge-doped core Y-shaped microstructured optical fiber,” Appl. Phys. B 98(2-3), 371–376 (2010).
[Crossref]

G. Qin, M. Liao, C. Chaudhari, X. Yan, C. Kito, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Second and third harmonics and flattened supercontinuum generation in tellurite microstructured fibers,” Opt. Lett. 35(1), 58–60 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (6)

2008 (6)

2007 (4)

2006 (6)

2005 (5)

2003 (2)

L. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. He, J. Lou, M. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, “Subwavelength-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding,” Nature 426(6968), 816–819 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Qin, W. Qin, C. Wu, S. Huang, D. Zhao, J. Zhang, and S. Lu, “Infrared-to-ultraviolet up-conversion luminescence from AlF3:0.2%Tm3+, 10%Yb3+ particles prepared by pulsed laser ablation,” Solid State Commun. 125(7-8), 377–379 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (3)

E. R. Taylor, L. N. Ng, N. P. Sessions, and H. Buerger, “Spectroscopy of Tm3+-doped tellurite glass for 1470 nm fiber amplifier,” J. Appl. Phys. 92(1), 112–117 (2002).
[Crossref]

K. P. Chen, P. R. Herman, and R. Tam, “Strong fiber Bragg grating fabrication by hybrid 157- and 248-nm laser exposure,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(2), 170–172 (2002).
[Crossref]

J. W. Yu and K. Oh, “New in-line fiber band pass filters using high silica dispersive optical fibers,” Opt. Commun. 204, 111–118 (2002).

1999 (1)

1998 (1)

H. Masuda, S. Kawai, K. Suzuki, and K. Aida, “Ultrawide 75-nm 3-dB gain-band optical amplification with erbium-doped fluoride fiber amplifiers and distributed Raman amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10(4), 516–518 (1998).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

1993 (1)

M. Asobe, T. Kanamori, and K. Kubodera, “Applications of highly nonlinear chalcogenide glass fibers in ultrafast all-optical switches,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29(8), 2325–2333 (1993).
[Crossref]

1990 (1)

A. S. L. Gomes, C. B. de Araujo, B. J. Ainslie, and S. P. Craig-Ryan, “Amplified spontaneous emission in Tm3+-doped monomode optical fibers in the visible region,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 57(21), 2169–2171 (1990).
[Crossref]

1982 (1)

T. Yoshino, K. Kurosawa, K. Itoh, and T. Ose, “Fiber-optic Fabry-Perot interferometer and its sensor applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18(10), 1624–1633 (1982).
[Crossref]

Aers, G.

Aguiló, M.

Aida, K.

H. Masuda, S. Kawai, K. Suzuki, and K. Aida, “Ultrawide 75-nm 3-dB gain-band optical amplification with erbium-doped fluoride fiber amplifiers and distributed Raman amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10(4), 516–518 (1998).
[Crossref]

Ainslie, B. J.

A. S. L. Gomes, C. B. de Araujo, B. J. Ainslie, and S. P. Craig-Ryan, “Amplified spontaneous emission in Tm3+-doped monomode optical fibers in the visible region,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 57(21), 2169–2171 (1990).
[Crossref]

Alencar, M. A. R. C.

A. Patra, S. Saha, M. A. R. C. Alencar, N. Rakov, and G. S. Maciel, “Blue upconversion emission of Tm3+-Yb3+ in ZrO2 nancrystals: role of Yb3+ ions,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 407(4-6), 477–481 (2005).
[Crossref]

Allen, P. J.

Ams, M.

M. Ams, G. D. Marshall, P. Dekker, J. A. Piper, and M. J. Withford, “Ultrafast laser written active devices,” Laser Photon. Rev. 3(6), 535–544 (2009).
[Crossref]

Andres, M. V.

J. Cascante-Vindas, S. Torres-Peiro, A. Diez, and M. V. Andres, “Supercontinuum generation in highly Ge-doped core Y-shaped microstructured optical fiber,” Appl. Phys. B 98(2-3), 371–376 (2010).
[Crossref]

Anheier, N. C.

Ashcom, J. B.

L. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. He, J. Lou, M. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, “Subwavelength-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding,” Nature 426(6968), 816–819 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Asimakis, S.

Asobe, M.

M. Asobe, T. Kanamori, and K. Kubodera, “Applications of highly nonlinear chalcogenide glass fibers in ultrafast all-optical switches,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29(8), 2325–2333 (1993).
[Crossref]

Bandyopadhyay, S.

Barton, J. S.

Bennion, I.

Birks, T. A.

Bjurshagen, S.

Bookey, H. T.

Buerger, H.

E. R. Taylor, L. N. Ng, N. P. Sessions, and H. Buerger, “Spectroscopy of Tm3+-doped tellurite glass for 1470 nm fiber amplifier,” J. Appl. Phys. 92(1), 112–117 (2002).
[Crossref]

Canning, J.

Cascante-Vindas, J.

J. Cascante-Vindas, S. Torres-Peiro, A. Diez, and M. V. Andres, “Supercontinuum generation in highly Ge-doped core Y-shaped microstructured optical fiber,” Appl. Phys. B 98(2-3), 371–376 (2010).
[Crossref]

Chaudhari, C.

Chen, K. P.

K. P. Chen, P. R. Herman, and R. Tam, “Strong fiber Bragg grating fabrication by hybrid 157- and 248-nm laser exposure,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(2), 170–172 (2002).
[Crossref]

Chen, X.

Chen, Y.

Cheng, J.

Clarkson, W. A.

Cook, K.

Cordeiro, C. M. B.

Craig-Ryan, S. P.

A. S. L. Gomes, C. B. de Araujo, B. J. Ainslie, and S. P. Craig-Ryan, “Amplified spontaneous emission in Tm3+-doped monomode optical fibers in the visible region,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 57(21), 2169–2171 (1990).
[Crossref]

Cronin-Golomb, M.

Dalacu, D.

de Araujo, C. B.

A. S. L. Gomes, C. B. de Araujo, B. J. Ainslie, and S. P. Craig-Ryan, “Amplified spontaneous emission in Tm3+-doped monomode optical fibers in the visible region,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 57(21), 2169–2171 (1990).
[Crossref]

Dekker, P.

M. Ams, G. D. Marshall, P. Dekker, J. A. Piper, and M. J. Withford, “Ultrafast laser written active devices,” Laser Photon. Rev. 3(6), 535–544 (2009).
[Crossref]

Díaz, F.

Diez, A.

J. Cascante-Vindas, S. Torres-Peiro, A. Diez, and M. V. Andres, “Supercontinuum generation in highly Ge-doped core Y-shaped microstructured optical fiber,” Appl. Phys. B 98(2-3), 371–376 (2010).
[Crossref]

Ding, Y.

Domachuk, P.

Dong, L.

Dong, X.

Dragic, P. D.

P. D. Dragic, “Brillouin spectroscopy of Nd-Ge co-doped silica fibers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 355(7), 403–413 (2009).
[Crossref]

Ebendorff-Heidepriem, H.

Efimov, O. M.

Eggleton, B. J.

Fang, Y. C.

Feng, X.

Finazzi, V.

Foster, M. A.

Frampton, K. E.

Frédérick, S.

Fu, J.

Fu, L.

Gaeta, A. L.

Gattass, R. R.

R. R. Gattass, G. T. Svacha, L. Tong, and E. Mazur, “Supercontinuum generation in submicrometer diameter silica fibers,” Opt. Express 14(20), 9408–9414 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. He, J. Lou, M. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, “Subwavelength-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding,” Nature 426(6968), 816–819 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

George, A. K.

Glebov, L. B.

Glebova, L. N.

Gomes, A. S. L.

A. S. L. Gomes, C. B. de Araujo, B. J. Ainslie, and S. P. Craig-Ryan, “Amplified spontaneous emission in Tm3+-doped monomode optical fibers in the visible region,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 57(21), 2169–2171 (1990).
[Crossref]

Grillet, C.

Gu, F.

Guo, X.

He, J.

He, S.

L. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. He, J. Lou, M. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, “Subwavelength-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding,” Nature 426(6968), 816–819 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hellström, J. E.

Herman, P. R.

K. P. Chen, P. R. Herman, and R. Tam, “Strong fiber Bragg grating fabrication by hybrid 157- and 248-nm laser exposure,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(2), 170–172 (2002).
[Crossref]

Hô, N.

Hu, L.

Huang, K.

Huang, L.

Huang, S.

G. Qin, W. Qin, C. Wu, S. Huang, D. Zhao, J. Zhang, and S. Lu, “Infrared-to-ultraviolet up-conversion luminescence from AlF3:0.2%Tm3+, 10%Yb3+ particles prepared by pulsed laser ablation,” Solid State Commun. 125(7-8), 377–379 (2003).
[Crossref]

Itoh, K.

T. Yoshino, K. Kurosawa, K. Itoh, and T. Ose, “Fiber-optic Fabry-Perot interferometer and its sensor applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18(10), 1624–1633 (1982).
[Crossref]

Jha, A.

Jiang, X.

Joshi, P.

Kai, G.

Kanamori, T.

M. Asobe, T. Kanamori, and K. Kubodera, “Applications of highly nonlinear chalcogenide glass fibers in ultrafast all-optical switches,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29(8), 2325–2333 (1993).
[Crossref]

Kar, A. K.

Kawai, S.

H. Masuda, S. Kawai, K. Suzuki, and K. Aida, “Ultrawide 75-nm 3-dB gain-band optical amplification with erbium-doped fluoride fiber amplifiers and distributed Raman amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10(4), 516–518 (1998).
[Crossref]

Kazansky, P. G.

Kito, C.

Knight, J. C.

Krishnaswami, K.

Kubodera, K.

M. Asobe, T. Kanamori, and K. Kubodera, “Applications of highly nonlinear chalcogenide glass fibers in ultrafast all-optical switches,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29(8), 2325–2333 (1993).
[Crossref]

Kurosawa, K.

T. Yoshino, K. Kurosawa, K. Itoh, and T. Ose, “Fiber-optic Fabry-Perot interferometer and its sensor applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18(10), 1624–1633 (1982).
[Crossref]

Lamont, M. R. E.

Lapointe, J.

Leong, J. Y. Y.

Li, H.

Liao, M.

Liao, W.

Lipson, M.

Liu, H.

Loh, W. H.

Lou, J.

L. Tong, L. Hu, J. Zhang, J. Qiu, Q. Yang, J. Lou, Y. Shen, J. He, and Z. Ye, “Photonic nanowires directly drawn from bulk glasses,” Opt. Express 14(1), 82–87 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. He, J. Lou, M. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, “Subwavelength-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding,” Nature 426(6968), 816–819 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lousteau, J.

Lu, S.

G. Qin, W. Qin, C. Wu, S. Huang, D. Zhao, J. Zhang, and S. Lu, “Infrared-to-ultraviolet up-conversion luminescence from AlF3:0.2%Tm3+, 10%Yb3+ particles prepared by pulsed laser ablation,” Solid State Commun. 125(7-8), 377–379 (2003).
[Crossref]

Ma, Z.

Maciel, G. S.

A. Patra, S. Saha, M. A. R. C. Alencar, N. Rakov, and G. S. Maciel, “Blue upconversion emission of Tm3+-Yb3+ in ZrO2 nancrystals: role of Yb3+ ions,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 407(4-6), 477–481 (2005).
[Crossref]

MacPherson, W. N.

Mägi, E. C.

Marshall, G. D.

M. Ams, G. D. Marshall, P. Dekker, J. A. Piper, and M. J. Withford, “Ultrafast laser written active devices,” Laser Photon. Rev. 3(6), 535–544 (2009).
[Crossref]

Masuda, H.

H. Masuda, S. Kawai, K. Suzuki, and K. Aida, “Ultrawide 75-nm 3-dB gain-band optical amplification with erbium-doped fluoride fiber amplifiers and distributed Raman amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10(4), 516–518 (1998).
[Crossref]

Maxwell, I.

L. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. He, J. Lou, M. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, “Subwavelength-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding,” Nature 426(6968), 816–819 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mazur, E.

R. R. Gattass, G. T. Svacha, L. Tong, and E. Mazur, “Supercontinuum generation in submicrometer diameter silica fibers,” Opt. Express 14(20), 9408–9414 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. He, J. Lou, M. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, “Subwavelength-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding,” Nature 426(6968), 816–819 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mejia, E. B.

D. V. Talavera and E. B. Mejia, “Blue-upconversion Tm3+-doped fiber laser pumped by a multiline Raman source,” J. Appl. Phys. 97(5), 053102 (2005).
[Crossref]

Monat, C.

Monro, T. M.

Moore, R. C.

Moss, D. J.

Myers, T. L.

Ng, L. N.

E. R. Taylor, L. N. Ng, N. P. Sessions, and H. Buerger, “Spectroscopy of Tm3+-doped tellurite glass for 1470 nm fiber amplifier,” J. Appl. Phys. 92(1), 112–117 (2002).
[Crossref]

Oh, K.

J. W. Yu and K. Oh, “New in-line fiber band pass filters using high silica dispersive optical fibers,” Opt. Commun. 204, 111–118 (2002).

Ohishi, Y.

Omenetto, F. G.

Ose, T.

T. Yoshino, K. Kurosawa, K. Itoh, and T. Ose, “Fiber-optic Fabry-Perot interferometer and its sensor applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18(10), 1624–1633 (1982).
[Crossref]

Pasiskevicius, V.

Patra, A.

A. Patra, S. Saha, M. A. R. C. Alencar, N. Rakov, and G. S. Maciel, “Blue upconversion emission of Tm3+-Yb3+ in ZrO2 nancrystals: role of Yb3+ ions,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 407(4-6), 477–481 (2005).
[Crossref]

Petropoulos, P.

Phillips, M. C.

Piper, J. A.

M. Ams, G. D. Marshall, P. Dekker, J. A. Piper, and M. J. Withford, “Ultrafast laser written active devices,” Laser Photon. Rev. 3(6), 535–544 (2009).
[Crossref]

Poletti, F.

Poole, P. J.

Price, J. H. V.

Pujol, M. C.

Qiao, H.

Qin, G.

Qin, W.

G. Qin, W. Qin, C. Wu, S. Huang, D. Zhao, J. Zhang, and S. Lu, “Infrared-to-ultraviolet up-conversion luminescence from AlF3:0.2%Tm3+, 10%Yb3+ particles prepared by pulsed laser ablation,” Solid State Commun. 125(7-8), 377–379 (2003).
[Crossref]

Qiu, J.

Rakov, N.

A. Patra, S. Saha, M. A. R. C. Alencar, N. Rakov, and G. S. Maciel, “Blue upconversion emission of Tm3+-Yb3+ in ZrO2 nancrystals: role of Yb3+ ions,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 407(4-6), 477–481 (2005).
[Crossref]

Richardson, D. J.

Richardson, K. C.

Riley, B. J.

Roelens, M. A. F.

Russell, P. St. J.

Saha, S.

A. Patra, S. Saha, M. A. R. C. Alencar, N. Rakov, and G. S. Maciel, “Blue upconversion emission of Tm3+-Yb3+ in ZrO2 nancrystals: role of Yb3+ ions,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 407(4-6), 477–481 (2005).
[Crossref]

Sahu, J. K.

Sessions, N. P.

E. R. Taylor, L. N. Ng, N. P. Sessions, and H. Buerger, “Spectroscopy of Tm3+-doped tellurite glass for 1470 nm fiber amplifier,” J. Appl. Phys. 92(1), 112–117 (2002).
[Crossref]

Shen, D. Y.

Shen, M.

L. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. He, J. Lou, M. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, “Subwavelength-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding,” Nature 426(6968), 816–819 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Shen, Y.

Shi, L.

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Smith, C. L. C.

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Suo, R.

Suzuki, K.

H. Masuda, S. Kawai, K. Suzuki, and K. Aida, “Ultrawide 75-nm 3-dB gain-band optical amplification with erbium-doped fluoride fiber amplifiers and distributed Raman amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10(4), 516–518 (1998).
[Crossref]

Suzuki, T.

Svacha, G. T.

Talavera, D. V.

D. V. Talavera and E. B. Mejia, “Blue-upconversion Tm3+-doped fiber laser pumped by a multiline Raman source,” J. Appl. Phys. 97(5), 053102 (2005).
[Crossref]

Tam, R.

K. P. Chen, P. R. Herman, and R. Tam, “Strong fiber Bragg grating fabrication by hybrid 157- and 248-nm laser exposure,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(2), 170–172 (2002).
[Crossref]

Taylor, E. R.

E. R. Taylor, L. N. Ng, N. P. Sessions, and H. Buerger, “Spectroscopy of Tm3+-doped tellurite glass for 1470 nm fiber amplifier,” J. Appl. Phys. 92(1), 112–117 (2002).
[Crossref]

Tong, L.

Tong, L. M.

Torres-Peiro, S.

J. Cascante-Vindas, S. Torres-Peiro, A. Diez, and M. V. Andres, “Supercontinuum generation in highly Ge-doped core Y-shaped microstructured optical fiber,” Appl. Phys. B 98(2-3), 371–376 (2010).
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Wang, Z.

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M. Ams, G. D. Marshall, P. Dekker, J. A. Piper, and M. J. Withford, “Ultrafast laser written active devices,” Laser Photon. Rev. 3(6), 535–544 (2009).
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Wolchover, N. A.

Wu, C.

G. Qin, W. Qin, C. Wu, S. Huang, D. Zhao, J. Zhang, and S. Lu, “Infrared-to-ultraviolet up-conversion luminescence from AlF3:0.2%Tm3+, 10%Yb3+ particles prepared by pulsed laser ablation,” Solid State Commun. 125(7-8), 377–379 (2003).
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Xia, Y.

Yan, X.

Yang, Q.

Yang, S.

Ye, Z.

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Yoshino, T.

T. Yoshino, K. Kurosawa, K. Itoh, and T. Ose, “Fiber-optic Fabry-Perot interferometer and its sensor applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18(10), 1624–1633 (1982).
[Crossref]

Yu, J. W.

J. W. Yu and K. Oh, “New in-line fiber band pass filters using high silica dispersive optical fibers,” Opt. Commun. 204, 111–118 (2002).

Yuan, S.

Zhang, J.

L. Tong, L. Hu, J. Zhang, J. Qiu, Q. Yang, J. Lou, Y. Shen, J. He, and Z. Ye, “Photonic nanowires directly drawn from bulk glasses,” Opt. Express 14(1), 82–87 (2006).
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G. Qin, W. Qin, C. Wu, S. Huang, D. Zhao, J. Zhang, and S. Lu, “Infrared-to-ultraviolet up-conversion luminescence from AlF3:0.2%Tm3+, 10%Yb3+ particles prepared by pulsed laser ablation,” Solid State Commun. 125(7-8), 377–379 (2003).
[Crossref]

Zhang, L.

Zhao, D.

G. Qin, W. Qin, C. Wu, S. Huang, D. Zhao, J. Zhang, and S. Lu, “Infrared-to-ultraviolet up-conversion luminescence from AlF3:0.2%Tm3+, 10%Yb3+ particles prepared by pulsed laser ablation,” Solid State Commun. 125(7-8), 377–379 (2003).
[Crossref]

Zhou, K.

Appl. Opt. (3)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

J. Cascante-Vindas, S. Torres-Peiro, A. Diez, and M. V. Andres, “Supercontinuum generation in highly Ge-doped core Y-shaped microstructured optical fiber,” Appl. Phys. B 98(2-3), 371–376 (2010).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

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Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

A. Patra, S. Saha, M. A. R. C. Alencar, N. Rakov, and G. S. Maciel, “Blue upconversion emission of Tm3+-Yb3+ in ZrO2 nancrystals: role of Yb3+ ions,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 407(4-6), 477–481 (2005).
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Chin. Opt. Lett. (1)

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

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[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

H. Masuda, S. Kawai, K. Suzuki, and K. Aida, “Ultrawide 75-nm 3-dB gain-band optical amplification with erbium-doped fluoride fiber amplifiers and distributed Raman amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10(4), 516–518 (1998).
[Crossref]

K. P. Chen, P. R. Herman, and R. Tam, “Strong fiber Bragg grating fabrication by hybrid 157- and 248-nm laser exposure,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(2), 170–172 (2002).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

E. R. Taylor, L. N. Ng, N. P. Sessions, and H. Buerger, “Spectroscopy of Tm3+-doped tellurite glass for 1470 nm fiber amplifier,” J. Appl. Phys. 92(1), 112–117 (2002).
[Crossref]

D. V. Talavera and E. B. Mejia, “Blue-upconversion Tm3+-doped fiber laser pumped by a multiline Raman source,” J. Appl. Phys. 97(5), 053102 (2005).
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J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

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Laser Photon. Rev. (1)

M. Ams, G. D. Marshall, P. Dekker, J. A. Piper, and M. J. Withford, “Ultrafast laser written active devices,” Laser Photon. Rev. 3(6), 535–544 (2009).
[Crossref]

Nature (1)

L. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. He, J. Lou, M. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, “Subwavelength-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding,” Nature 426(6968), 816–819 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun. (1)

J. W. Yu and K. Oh, “New in-line fiber band pass filters using high silica dispersive optical fibers,” Opt. Commun. 204, 111–118 (2002).

Opt. Express (12)

R. R. Gattass, G. T. Svacha, L. Tong, and E. Mazur, “Supercontinuum generation in submicrometer diameter silica fibers,” Opt. Express 14(20), 9408–9414 (2006).
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T. Y. Tsai and Y. C. Fang, “A saturable absorber Q-switched all-fiber ring laser,” Opt. Express 17(3), 1429–1434 (2009).
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D. Y. Shen, J. K. Sahu, and W. A. Clarkson, “Highly efficient Er,Yb-doped fiber laser with 188W free-running and > 100W tunable output power,” Opt. Express 13(13), 4916–4921 (2005).
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S. Asimakis, P. Petropoulos, F. Poletti, J. Y. Y. Leong, R. C. Moore, K. E. Frampton, X. Feng, W. H. Loh, and D. J. Richardson, “Towards efficient and broadband four-wave-mixing using short-length dispersion tailored lead silicate holey fibers,” Opt. Express 15(2), 596–601 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Tong, L. Hu, J. Zhang, J. Qiu, Q. Yang, J. Lou, Y. Shen, J. He, and Z. Ye, “Photonic nanowires directly drawn from bulk glasses,” Opt. Express 14(1), 82–87 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Grillet, C. Monat, C. L. C. Smith, B. J. Eggleton, D. J. Moss, S. Frédérick, D. Dalacu, P. J. Poole, J. Lapointe, G. Aers, and R. L. Williams, “Nanowire coupling to photonic crystal nanocavities for single photon sources,” Opt. Express 15(3), 1267–1276 (2007).
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M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Nonlinear optics in photonic nanowires,” Opt. Express 16(2), 1300–1320 (2008).
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P. Domachuk, N. A. Wolchover, M. Cronin-Golomb, A. Wang, A. K. George, C. M. B. Cordeiro, J. C. Knight, and F. G. Omenetto, “Over 4000 nm bandwidth of mid-IR supercontinuum generation in sub-centimeter segments of highly nonlinear tellurite PCFs,” Opt. Express 16(10), 7161–7168 (2008).
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C. Grillet, C. Monat, C. L. Smith, B. J. Eggleton, D. J. Moss, S. Frédérick, D. Dalacu, P. J. Poole, J. Lapointe, G. Aers, and R. L. Williams, “Nanowire coupling to photonic crystal nanocavities for single photon sources,” Opt. Express 15(3), 1267–1276 (2007).
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R. Suo, J. Lousteau, H. Li, X. Jiang, K. Zhou, L. Zhang, W. N. MacPherson, H. T. Bookey, J. S. Barton, A. K. Kar, A. Jha, and I. Bennion, “Fiber Bragg gratings inscribed using 800nm femtosecond laser and a phase mask in single- and multi-core mid-IR glass fibers,” Opt. Express 17(9), 7540–7548 (2009).
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Opt. Lett. (9)

D. I. Yeom, E. C. Mägi, M. R. E. Lamont, M. A. F. Roelens, L. Fu, and B. J. Eggleton, “Low-threshold supercontinuum generation in highly nonlinear chalcogenide nanowires,” Opt. Lett. 33(7), 660–662 (2008).
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Solid State Commun. (1)

G. Qin, W. Qin, C. Wu, S. Huang, D. Zhao, J. Zhang, and S. Lu, “Infrared-to-ultraviolet up-conversion luminescence from AlF3:0.2%Tm3+, 10%Yb3+ particles prepared by pulsed laser ablation,” Solid State Commun. 125(7-8), 377–379 (2003).
[Crossref]

Other (2)

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

The mode fields of a singlemode fiber in (a) are converted into higher order modes to cause huge optical losses but in (b) are smoothly transferred into the blue-violet, green, and red lights through Tm3+/Er3+ codoped tellurite wire using fiber tapers. The angled-cleaved bridging wire can avoid resonances in high index tellurite wire.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Fabrication procedures of a tellurite glass wire between two silica fiber tapers under a 50x CCD microscope. (a) The melting tellurite glass is initially clustered into a sphere at one end of fiber taper. (b) Another fiber taper is attached to the tellurite glass sphere. (c) The tellurite glass is heated and stretched. (d) The tellurite wire is keeping stretching to a smaller desired diameter (DW) and the nodes formed with tellurite glasses at the splicing junctions can thus be blurred. The inset picture with a pink frame between (a) and (b) is the 5-mm-thick tellurite glass.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Side view of (a) angled-cleaved fiber taper with a cleaved angle of 8.3° and (b) tellurite bridging wire with the thinnest tapered diameter (DW) of 5.3 μm under a 1000x CCD microscope.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) The bright upconversion red light from the bulk tellurite glass under a cw pump power of 5.6 Watt at 808 nm wavelength. The upconversion blue-violet lights from (b) the cross-sectional view and (c) the side view of a tellurite bulk glass when a cw pump power of 11 Watt Nd:YAG laser light at 1064 nm wavelength is focused by a 10x object lens into the tellurite bulk glass.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Energy levels diagram of Tm3+ ions.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Spectral responses of the tellurite wire with (a) DW, DT, and LW of (15.7 μm, 30 μm, 20.2 mm) and (13 μm, 30 μm, 21.3 mm), respectively, when bridging two perpendicular cleaved and (b) DW, DT, and LW of (34.2 μm, 70 μm, 17.2 mm), (25.4 μm, 50 μm, 19.5 mm) and (17.1 μm, 30 μm, 21 mm), respectively, when bridging the two angled-cleaved silica fiber tapers. (RES: 1nm).

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

The red upconversion emissions of the Tm3+/Er3+ codoped photonic microwire and bulk glass under a 975 nm pump laser light.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

(a) The blue-violet upconversion fluorescence along the Tm3+/Er3+ codoped tellurite bridging microwire indicating the transition over 1D23F4 (4-photon upconversion) and 1G43H6 (3-photon upconversion) manifolds when a cw 270 mW 1064 nm Nd:YAG laser light is launched into the 21-mm-long tellurite wire. (b) The measured spectra of upconversion emissions for the photonic microwire and bulk glass.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Tensile strength test of the photonic wire with the DW and LW of 17 µm and 16 mm, respectively. The photonic wire can be endurable until a counterpoise with the weight of 3.72 g is applied.

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