Abstract

One-dimensional photonic wire (nanobeam) microcavities are becoming preferred tools for the investigation of enhanced light-matter interaction. Here, the Q-factor of a locally infiltrated slot microcavity in a nanobeam is theoretically investigated. The electric field of the cavity mode is concentrated in the slot region leading to a large overlap with the infiltrated material. Tapering the spacing and diameter of the pores of the adjacent Bragg mirrors a maximum Q-factor of 35,000 is predicted. General design rules for the minimization of scattering losses and the enhancement of quality factors are reviewed and discussed.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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2010 (3)

B. Ahn, J. Kang, M. Kim, J. Song, B. Min, K. Kim, and Y. Lee, "One-dimensional parabolic-beam photonic crystal laser," Opt. Express 18, 5654-5660 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. W. Nolte, D. Pergande, S. L. Schweizer, M. Geuss, R. Salzer, B. T. Makowski, M. Steinhart, P. Mack, D. Herrmann, K. Busch, C. Weder, and R. B. Wehrspohn, "Photonic crystal devices with multiple dyes by consecutive local infiltration of single pores," Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) XX, 1-5 (2010).

Q. Quan, P. B. Deotare, and M. Loncar, "Photonic crystal nanobeam cavity strongly coupled to the feeding waveguide," Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 203102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (5)

X. Chen, Y. Chen, Y. Zhao, W. Jiang, and R. T. Chen, "Capacitor-embedded 0.54 pJ/bit silicon-slot photonic crystal waveguide modulator," Opt. Lett. 34, 602-604 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. D. Falco, L.  OFaolain, and T. F.  Krauss, "Chemical sensing in slotted photonic crystal heterostructure cavities," Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 063503 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, "All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon-organic hybrid slot waveguides," Nat. Photonics 3, 216-219 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Muellner, M. Wellenzohn, and R. Hainberger, "Nonlinearity of optimized silicon photonic slot waveguides," Opt. Express 17, 9282-9287 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Zhang, M. W. McCutcheon, I. B. Burgess, and M. Loncar, "Ultra-high-Q TE/TM dual-polarized photonic crystal nanocavities," Opt. Lett. 34, 2694-2696 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (4)

2007 (2)

2006 (2)

M. H. Shih, W. Kuang, A. Mock, M. Bagheri, E. H. Hwang, J. D. OBrien, and P. D. Dapkus, "High-quality-factor photonic crystal heterostructure laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 101104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. Srinivasan, M. Borselli, O. Painter, A. Stintz, and S. Krishna, "Cavity Q, mode volume, and lasing threshold in small diameter AlGaAs microdisks with embedded quantum dots," Opt. Express 14, 1094-1105 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (2)

P. Boucaud, X. Li, M. E. Kurdi, S. David, X. Checoury, S. Sauvage, C. Kammerer, S. Cabaret, V. L. Thanh, D. Bouchier, J. M. Lourtioz, O. Kermarrec, Y. Campidelli, and D. Bensahel, "Ge islands and photonic crystals for Si-based photonics," Opt. Mater. 27, 792-798 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. Sauvan, G. Lecamp, P. Lalanne, and J. Hugonin, "Modal-reflectivity enhancement by geometry tuning in photonic crystal microcavities," Opt. Express 13, 245-255 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (2)

2003 (2)

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B.-S. Song, and S. Noda, "High-Q photonic nanocavity in a two-dimensional photonic crystal," Nature 425, 944 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Lalanne, and J. P. Hugonin, "High-quality-factor photonic crystal heterostructure laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 1430 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ahn, B.

Akahane, Y.

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B.-S. Song, and S. Noda, "High-Q photonic nanocavity in a two-dimensional photonic crystal," Nature 425, 944 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Almeida, V. R.

Andreani, L. C.

Asano, T.

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B.-S. Song, and S. Noda, "High-Q photonic nanocavity in a two-dimensional photonic crystal," Nature 425, 944 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baets, R.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, "All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon-organic hybrid slot waveguides," Nat. Photonics 3, 216-219 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bagheri, M.

M. H. Shih, W. Kuang, A. Mock, M. Bagheri, E. H. Hwang, J. D. OBrien, and P. D. Dapkus, "High-quality-factor photonic crystal heterostructure laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 101104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Barrios, C. A.

Bensahel, D.

M. E. Kurdi, X. Checoury, S. David, T. P. Ngo, N. Zerounian, P. Boucaud, O. Kermarrec, Y. Campidelli, and D. Bensahel, "Quality factor of Si-based photonic crystal L3 nanocavities probed with an internal source," Opt. Express 16, 8780-8791 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. Boucaud, X. Li, M. E. Kurdi, S. David, X. Checoury, S. Sauvage, C. Kammerer, S. Cabaret, V. L. Thanh, D. Bouchier, J. M. Lourtioz, O. Kermarrec, Y. Campidelli, and D. Bensahel, "Ge islands and photonic crystals for Si-based photonics," Opt. Mater. 27, 792-798 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Biaggio, I.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, "All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon-organic hybrid slot waveguides," Nat. Photonics 3, 216-219 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bogaerts, W.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, "All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon-organic hybrid slot waveguides," Nat. Photonics 3, 216-219 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Borselli, M.

Boucaud, P.

M. E. Kurdi, X. Checoury, S. David, T. P. Ngo, N. Zerounian, P. Boucaud, O. Kermarrec, Y. Campidelli, and D. Bensahel, "Quality factor of Si-based photonic crystal L3 nanocavities probed with an internal source," Opt. Express 16, 8780-8791 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. Boucaud, X. Li, M. E. Kurdi, S. David, X. Checoury, S. Sauvage, C. Kammerer, S. Cabaret, V. L. Thanh, D. Bouchier, J. M. Lourtioz, O. Kermarrec, Y. Campidelli, and D. Bensahel, "Ge islands and photonic crystals for Si-based photonics," Opt. Mater. 27, 792-798 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bouchier, D.

P. Boucaud, X. Li, M. E. Kurdi, S. David, X. Checoury, S. Sauvage, C. Kammerer, S. Cabaret, V. L. Thanh, D. Bouchier, J. M. Lourtioz, O. Kermarrec, Y. Campidelli, and D. Bensahel, "Ge islands and photonic crystals for Si-based photonics," Opt. Mater. 27, 792-798 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Brosi, J.

Burgess, I. B.

Busch, K.

P. W. Nolte, D. Pergande, S. L. Schweizer, M. Geuss, R. Salzer, B. T. Makowski, M. Steinhart, P. Mack, D. Herrmann, K. Busch, C. Weder, and R. B. Wehrspohn, "Photonic crystal devices with multiple dyes by consecutive local infiltration of single pores," Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) XX, 1-5 (2010).

Cabaret, S.

P. Boucaud, X. Li, M. E. Kurdi, S. David, X. Checoury, S. Sauvage, C. Kammerer, S. Cabaret, V. L. Thanh, D. Bouchier, J. M. Lourtioz, O. Kermarrec, Y. Campidelli, and D. Bensahel, "Ge islands and photonic crystals for Si-based photonics," Opt. Mater. 27, 792-798 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Campidelli, Y.

M. E. Kurdi, X. Checoury, S. David, T. P. Ngo, N. Zerounian, P. Boucaud, O. Kermarrec, Y. Campidelli, and D. Bensahel, "Quality factor of Si-based photonic crystal L3 nanocavities probed with an internal source," Opt. Express 16, 8780-8791 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. Boucaud, X. Li, M. E. Kurdi, S. David, X. Checoury, S. Sauvage, C. Kammerer, S. Cabaret, V. L. Thanh, D. Bouchier, J. M. Lourtioz, O. Kermarrec, Y. Campidelli, and D. Bensahel, "Ge islands and photonic crystals for Si-based photonics," Opt. Mater. 27, 792-798 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Checoury, X.

M. E. Kurdi, X. Checoury, S. David, T. P. Ngo, N. Zerounian, P. Boucaud, O. Kermarrec, Y. Campidelli, and D. Bensahel, "Quality factor of Si-based photonic crystal L3 nanocavities probed with an internal source," Opt. Express 16, 8780-8791 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. Boucaud, X. Li, M. E. Kurdi, S. David, X. Checoury, S. Sauvage, C. Kammerer, S. Cabaret, V. L. Thanh, D. Bouchier, J. M. Lourtioz, O. Kermarrec, Y. Campidelli, and D. Bensahel, "Ge islands and photonic crystals for Si-based photonics," Opt. Mater. 27, 792-798 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chen, R. T.

Chen, X.

Chen, Y.

Dapkus, P. D.

M. H. Shih, W. Kuang, A. Mock, M. Bagheri, E. H. Hwang, J. D. OBrien, and P. D. Dapkus, "High-quality-factor photonic crystal heterostructure laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 101104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

David, S.

M. E. Kurdi, X. Checoury, S. David, T. P. Ngo, N. Zerounian, P. Boucaud, O. Kermarrec, Y. Campidelli, and D. Bensahel, "Quality factor of Si-based photonic crystal L3 nanocavities probed with an internal source," Opt. Express 16, 8780-8791 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. Boucaud, X. Li, M. E. Kurdi, S. David, X. Checoury, S. Sauvage, C. Kammerer, S. Cabaret, V. L. Thanh, D. Bouchier, J. M. Lourtioz, O. Kermarrec, Y. Campidelli, and D. Bensahel, "Ge islands and photonic crystals for Si-based photonics," Opt. Mater. 27, 792-798 (2005).
[CrossRef]

De La Rue, R. M.

de Sterke, C. M.

Deotare, P. B.

Q. Quan, P. B. Deotare, and M. Loncar, "Photonic crystal nanobeam cavity strongly coupled to the feeding waveguide," Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 203102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Diederich, F.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, "All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon-organic hybrid slot waveguides," Nat. Photonics 3, 216-219 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Dumon, P.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, "All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon-organic hybrid slot waveguides," Nat. Photonics 3, 216-219 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Eggleton, B. J.

Esembeson, B.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, "All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon-organic hybrid slot waveguides," Nat. Photonics 3, 216-219 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Falco, A. D.

A. D. Falco, L.  OFaolain, and T. F.  Krauss, "Chemical sensing in slotted photonic crystal heterostructure cavities," Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 063503 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Freude, W.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, "All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon-organic hybrid slot waveguides," Nat. Photonics 3, 216-219 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Koos, L. Jacome, C. Poulton, J. Leuthold, and W. Freude, "Nonlinear silicon-on-insulator waveguides for all-optical signal processing," Opt. Express 15, 5976-5990 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Geuss, M.

P. W. Nolte, D. Pergande, S. L. Schweizer, M. Geuss, R. Salzer, B. T. Makowski, M. Steinhart, P. Mack, D. Herrmann, K. Busch, C. Weder, and R. B. Wehrspohn, "Photonic crystal devices with multiple dyes by consecutive local infiltration of single pores," Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) XX, 1-5 (2010).

Hainberger, R.

Herrmann, D.

P. W. Nolte, D. Pergande, S. L. Schweizer, M. Geuss, R. Salzer, B. T. Makowski, M. Steinhart, P. Mack, D. Herrmann, K. Busch, C. Weder, and R. B. Wehrspohn, "Photonic crystal devices with multiple dyes by consecutive local infiltration of single pores," Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) XX, 1-5 (2010).

Hugonin, J.

Hugonin, J. P.

P. Lalanne, and J. P. Hugonin, "High-quality-factor photonic crystal heterostructure laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 1430 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hwang, E. H.

M. H. Shih, W. Kuang, A. Mock, M. Bagheri, E. H. Hwang, J. D. OBrien, and P. D. Dapkus, "High-quality-factor photonic crystal heterostructure laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 101104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jacome, L.

Jiang, W.

Johnson, N. P.

Kammerer, C.

P. Boucaud, X. Li, M. E. Kurdi, S. David, X. Checoury, S. Sauvage, C. Kammerer, S. Cabaret, V. L. Thanh, D. Bouchier, J. M. Lourtioz, O. Kermarrec, Y. Campidelli, and D. Bensahel, "Ge islands and photonic crystals for Si-based photonics," Opt. Mater. 27, 792-798 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kang, J.

Kermarrec, O.

M. E. Kurdi, X. Checoury, S. David, T. P. Ngo, N. Zerounian, P. Boucaud, O. Kermarrec, Y. Campidelli, and D. Bensahel, "Quality factor of Si-based photonic crystal L3 nanocavities probed with an internal source," Opt. Express 16, 8780-8791 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. Boucaud, X. Li, M. E. Kurdi, S. David, X. Checoury, S. Sauvage, C. Kammerer, S. Cabaret, V. L. Thanh, D. Bouchier, J. M. Lourtioz, O. Kermarrec, Y. Campidelli, and D. Bensahel, "Ge islands and photonic crystals for Si-based photonics," Opt. Mater. 27, 792-798 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kim, K.

Kim, M.

Koos, C.

Krauss, T. F.

A. D. Falco, L.  OFaolain, and T. F.  Krauss, "Chemical sensing in slotted photonic crystal heterostructure cavities," Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 063503 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Krishna, S.

Kuang, W.

M. H. Shih, W. Kuang, A. Mock, M. Bagheri, E. H. Hwang, J. D. OBrien, and P. D. Dapkus, "High-quality-factor photonic crystal heterostructure laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 101104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kurdi, M. E.

M. E. Kurdi, X. Checoury, S. David, T. P. Ngo, N. Zerounian, P. Boucaud, O. Kermarrec, Y. Campidelli, and D. Bensahel, "Quality factor of Si-based photonic crystal L3 nanocavities probed with an internal source," Opt. Express 16, 8780-8791 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. Boucaud, X. Li, M. E. Kurdi, S. David, X. Checoury, S. Sauvage, C. Kammerer, S. Cabaret, V. L. Thanh, D. Bouchier, J. M. Lourtioz, O. Kermarrec, Y. Campidelli, and D. Bensahel, "Ge islands and photonic crystals for Si-based photonics," Opt. Mater. 27, 792-798 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lalanne, P.

P. Lalanne, C. Sauvan, and J. Hugonin, "Photon confinement in photonic crystal nanocavities," Laser Photon. Review 2, 514-526 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Sauvan, G. Lecamp, P. Lalanne, and J. Hugonin, "Modal-reflectivity enhancement by geometry tuning in photonic crystal microcavities," Opt. Express 13, 245-255 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Lalanne, and J. P. Hugonin, "High-quality-factor photonic crystal heterostructure laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 1430 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lecamp, G.

Lee, Y.

Leuthold, J.

Li, X.

P. Boucaud, X. Li, M. E. Kurdi, S. David, X. Checoury, S. Sauvage, C. Kammerer, S. Cabaret, V. L. Thanh, D. Bouchier, J. M. Lourtioz, O. Kermarrec, Y. Campidelli, and D. Bensahel, "Ge islands and photonic crystals for Si-based photonics," Opt. Mater. 27, 792-798 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lipson, M.

Loncar, M.

Q. Quan, P. B. Deotare, and M. Loncar, "Photonic crystal nanobeam cavity strongly coupled to the feeding waveguide," Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 203102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zhang, M. W. McCutcheon, I. B. Burgess, and M. Loncar, "Ultra-high-Q TE/TM dual-polarized photonic crystal nanocavities," Opt. Lett. 34, 2694-2696 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lourtioz, J. M.

P. Boucaud, X. Li, M. E. Kurdi, S. David, X. Checoury, S. Sauvage, C. Kammerer, S. Cabaret, V. L. Thanh, D. Bouchier, J. M. Lourtioz, O. Kermarrec, Y. Campidelli, and D. Bensahel, "Ge islands and photonic crystals for Si-based photonics," Opt. Mater. 27, 792-798 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mack, P.

P. W. Nolte, D. Pergande, S. L. Schweizer, M. Geuss, R. Salzer, B. T. Makowski, M. Steinhart, P. Mack, D. Herrmann, K. Busch, C. Weder, and R. B. Wehrspohn, "Photonic crystal devices with multiple dyes by consecutive local infiltration of single pores," Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) XX, 1-5 (2010).

Makowski, B. T.

P. W. Nolte, D. Pergande, S. L. Schweizer, M. Geuss, R. Salzer, B. T. Makowski, M. Steinhart, P. Mack, D. Herrmann, K. Busch, C. Weder, and R. B. Wehrspohn, "Photonic crystal devices with multiple dyes by consecutive local infiltration of single pores," Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) XX, 1-5 (2010).

McCutcheon, M. W.

Michinobu, T.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, "All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon-organic hybrid slot waveguides," Nat. Photonics 3, 216-219 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Min, B.

Mock, A.

M. H. Shih, W. Kuang, A. Mock, M. Bagheri, E. H. Hwang, J. D. OBrien, and P. D. Dapkus, "High-quality-factor photonic crystal heterostructure laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 101104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Muellner, P.

Ngo, T. P.

Noda, S.

Nolte, P. W.

P. W. Nolte, D. Pergande, S. L. Schweizer, M. Geuss, R. Salzer, B. T. Makowski, M. Steinhart, P. Mack, D. Herrmann, K. Busch, C. Weder, and R. B. Wehrspohn, "Photonic crystal devices with multiple dyes by consecutive local infiltration of single pores," Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) XX, 1-5 (2010).

OBrien, J. D.

M. H. Shih, W. Kuang, A. Mock, M. Bagheri, E. H. Hwang, J. D. OBrien, and P. D. Dapkus, "High-quality-factor photonic crystal heterostructure laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 101104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

OFaolain, L.

A. D. Falco, L.  OFaolain, and T. F.  Krauss, "Chemical sensing in slotted photonic crystal heterostructure cavities," Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 063503 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Painter, O.

Panepucci, R. R.

Pergande, D.

P. W. Nolte, D. Pergande, S. L. Schweizer, M. Geuss, R. Salzer, B. T. Makowski, M. Steinhart, P. Mack, D. Herrmann, K. Busch, C. Weder, and R. B. Wehrspohn, "Photonic crystal devices with multiple dyes by consecutive local infiltration of single pores," Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) XX, 1-5 (2010).

Poulton, C.

Quan, Q.

Q. Quan, P. B. Deotare, and M. Loncar, "Photonic crystal nanobeam cavity strongly coupled to the feeding waveguide," Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 203102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Salzer, R.

P. W. Nolte, D. Pergande, S. L. Schweizer, M. Geuss, R. Salzer, B. T. Makowski, M. Steinhart, P. Mack, D. Herrmann, K. Busch, C. Weder, and R. B. Wehrspohn, "Photonic crystal devices with multiple dyes by consecutive local infiltration of single pores," Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) XX, 1-5 (2010).

Sauvage, S.

P. Boucaud, X. Li, M. E. Kurdi, S. David, X. Checoury, S. Sauvage, C. Kammerer, S. Cabaret, V. L. Thanh, D. Bouchier, J. M. Lourtioz, O. Kermarrec, Y. Campidelli, and D. Bensahel, "Ge islands and photonic crystals for Si-based photonics," Opt. Mater. 27, 792-798 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sauvan, C.

Schweizer, S. L.

P. W. Nolte, D. Pergande, S. L. Schweizer, M. Geuss, R. Salzer, B. T. Makowski, M. Steinhart, P. Mack, D. Herrmann, K. Busch, C. Weder, and R. B. Wehrspohn, "Photonic crystal devices with multiple dyes by consecutive local infiltration of single pores," Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) XX, 1-5 (2010).

Shih, M. H.

M. H. Shih, W. Kuang, A. Mock, M. Bagheri, E. H. Hwang, J. D. OBrien, and P. D. Dapkus, "High-quality-factor photonic crystal heterostructure laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 101104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Song, B.-S.

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B.-S. Song, and S. Noda, "High-Q photonic nanocavity in a two-dimensional photonic crystal," Nature 425, 944 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Song, J.

Sorel, M.

Srinivasan, K.

Steel, M. J.

Steinhart, M.

P. W. Nolte, D. Pergande, S. L. Schweizer, M. Geuss, R. Salzer, B. T. Makowski, M. Steinhart, P. Mack, D. Herrmann, K. Busch, C. Weder, and R. B. Wehrspohn, "Photonic crystal devices with multiple dyes by consecutive local infiltration of single pores," Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) XX, 1-5 (2010).

Stintz, A.

Tanaka, Y.

Thanh, V. L.

P. Boucaud, X. Li, M. E. Kurdi, S. David, X. Checoury, S. Sauvage, C. Kammerer, S. Cabaret, V. L. Thanh, D. Bouchier, J. M. Lourtioz, O. Kermarrec, Y. Campidelli, and D. Bensahel, "Ge islands and photonic crystals for Si-based photonics," Opt. Mater. 27, 792-798 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tomljenovic-Hanic, S.

Vallaitis, T.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, "All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon-organic hybrid slot waveguides," Nat. Photonics 3, 216-219 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Vorreau, P.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, "All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon-organic hybrid slot waveguides," Nat. Photonics 3, 216-219 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Waldow, M.

Weder, C.

P. W. Nolte, D. Pergande, S. L. Schweizer, M. Geuss, R. Salzer, B. T. Makowski, M. Steinhart, P. Mack, D. Herrmann, K. Busch, C. Weder, and R. B. Wehrspohn, "Photonic crystal devices with multiple dyes by consecutive local infiltration of single pores," Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) XX, 1-5 (2010).

Wehrspohn, R. B.

P. W. Nolte, D. Pergande, S. L. Schweizer, M. Geuss, R. Salzer, B. T. Makowski, M. Steinhart, P. Mack, D. Herrmann, K. Busch, C. Weder, and R. B. Wehrspohn, "Photonic crystal devices with multiple dyes by consecutive local infiltration of single pores," Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) XX, 1-5 (2010).

Wellenzohn, M.

Xu, Q.

Zain, A. R. M.

Zerounian, N.

Zhang, Y.

Zhao, Y.

Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) (1)

P. W. Nolte, D. Pergande, S. L. Schweizer, M. Geuss, R. Salzer, B. T. Makowski, M. Steinhart, P. Mack, D. Herrmann, K. Busch, C. Weder, and R. B. Wehrspohn, "Photonic crystal devices with multiple dyes by consecutive local infiltration of single pores," Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) XX, 1-5 (2010).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

Q. Quan, P. B. Deotare, and M. Loncar, "Photonic crystal nanobeam cavity strongly coupled to the feeding waveguide," Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 203102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. H. Shih, W. Kuang, A. Mock, M. Bagheri, E. H. Hwang, J. D. OBrien, and P. D. Dapkus, "High-quality-factor photonic crystal heterostructure laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 101104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. D. Falco, L.  OFaolain, and T. F.  Krauss, "Chemical sensing in slotted photonic crystal heterostructure cavities," Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 063503 (2009).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

P. Lalanne, and J. P. Hugonin, "High-quality-factor photonic crystal heterostructure laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 1430 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Laser Photon. Review (1)

P. Lalanne, C. Sauvan, and J. Hugonin, "Photon confinement in photonic crystal nanocavities," Laser Photon. Review 2, 514-526 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (1)

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, "All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon-organic hybrid slot waveguides," Nat. Photonics 3, 216-219 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B.-S. Song, and S. Noda, "High-Q photonic nanocavity in a two-dimensional photonic crystal," Nature 425, 944 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (9)

B. Ahn, J. Kang, M. Kim, J. Song, B. Min, K. Kim, and Y. Lee, "One-dimensional parabolic-beam photonic crystal laser," Opt. Express 18, 5654-5660 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Tomljenovic-Hanic, C. M. de Sterke, M. J. Steel, B. J. Eggleton, Y. Tanaka, and S. Noda, "High-Q cavities in multilayer photonic crystal slabs," Opt. Express 15, 17248-17253 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. E. Kurdi, X. Checoury, S. David, T. P. Ngo, N. Zerounian, P. Boucaud, O. Kermarrec, Y. Campidelli, and D. Bensahel, "Quality factor of Si-based photonic crystal L3 nanocavities probed with an internal source," Opt. Express 16, 8780-8791 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. Muellner, M. Wellenzohn, and R. Hainberger, "Nonlinearity of optimized silicon photonic slot waveguides," Opt. Express 17, 9282-9287 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Brosi, C. Koos, L. C. Andreani, M. Waldow, and J. Leuthold, "andW. Freude, "High-speed low-voltage electro-optic modulator with a polymer-infiltrated silicon photonic crystal waveguide," Opt. Express 16, 4177-4191 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Koos, L. Jacome, C. Poulton, J. Leuthold, and W. Freude, "Nonlinear silicon-on-insulator waveguides for all-optical signal processing," Opt. Express 15, 5976-5990 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Sauvan, G. Lecamp, P. Lalanne, and J. Hugonin, "Modal-reflectivity enhancement by geometry tuning in photonic crystal microcavities," Opt. Express 13, 245-255 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. R. M. Zain, N. P. Johnson, M. Sorel, and R. M. De La Rue, "Ultra high quality factor one dimensional photonic crystal/photonic wire micro-cavities in silicon-on-insulator (SOI)," Opt. Express 16, 12084-12089 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Srinivasan, M. Borselli, O. Painter, A. Stintz, and S. Krishna, "Cavity Q, mode volume, and lasing threshold in small diameter AlGaAs microdisks with embedded quantum dots," Opt. Express 14, 1094-1105 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Opt. Mater. (1)

P. Boucaud, X. Li, M. E. Kurdi, S. David, X. Checoury, S. Sauvage, C. Kammerer, S. Cabaret, V. L. Thanh, D. Bouchier, J. M. Lourtioz, O. Kermarrec, Y. Campidelli, and D. Bensahel, "Ge islands and photonic crystals for Si-based photonics," Opt. Mater. 27, 792-798 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

J. Leuthold, W. Freude, J. Brosi, R. Baets, P. Dumon, I. Biaggio, M. L. Scimeca, F. Diederich, B. Frank, and C. Koos, "Silicon organic hybrid technology: a platform for practical nonlinear optics," (2009).

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, P. Dumon, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, "Highly-nonlinear silicon photonics slot waveguide," (2008).

X. Chen, L. Gu, W. Jiang, and R. T. Chen, "20dB-enhanced coupling to slot photonic crystal waveguide based on multimode interference," in "Proceedings of SPIE," (San Jose, CA, USA, 2008), pp. 68990Q-68990Q-9.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of a photonic wire slot microcavity. The slot microcavity is surrounded by tapers consisting of four pores with linearly altered diameter followed by dielectric mirorrs with five pores.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Waveguide index neff at λ0 = 1.55 μm for hybrid slot waveguides depending on the slot width. The dependency for two locally infiltrated materials is shown - one with n = 1.5 (e.g. polymer) and one with n = 2.3 (e.g. chalcogenide glass). Insets: Electric field distribution of the single TE-mode for different slot widths (100 nm and 175 nm). The material of the two rails of the waveguide is silicon. The upper halfspace is air with nair = 1 while the lower halfspace is silicon dioxide with nSiO2 = 1.445. The calculations have been performed with 2D FEM eigenfrequency analysis.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Distribution of the electric field amplitude confined in a slot microcavity, without taper (a) and with a combination of tapered pore distance and pore diameter (b).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Dependence of the cavity Q-factor on the slot length. The mode wavelength is shifted by varying the length of the slot (the red line indicates the design wavelength at 1.55 μm). Here, the cavity is surrounded by a dielectric mirror consisting of 9 pores.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

a) Dependence of the cavity Q-factor on the slot length. The mode wavelength is shifted by varying the length of the slot (the red line indicates the design wavelength at 1.55 μm). The cavity is surrounded by a dielectric mirror consisting of 5 pores and an inner taper consisting of 4 pores with adapted center-to-center distance to match effective cavity mode index and the Bloch index of the mirror mode. b) Cross section of the electric field intensity distribution of the resonant mode for a slot length of 1080 nm at the middle of the slot (top) and at the middle of the adjacent taper pore (bottom).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

a) Dependence of the cavity Q-factor on the slot length. The mode wavelength is shifted by varying the length of the slot (the red line indicates the design wavelength at 1.55 μm). The cavity is surrounded by a dielectric mirror consisting of 5 pores and an inner taper consisting of 4 pores with adapted center-to-center distance and linearly varied pore diameter to achieve mode matching between cavity mode and mirror Bloch mode. b) Cross section of the electric field intensity distribution of the resonant mode for a slot length of 960 nm at the middle of the slot (top) and at the middle of the adjacent taper pore (bottom).

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Pore distances a for tapering neff = 1.929 to nB = 2.013

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