Abstract

A theoretical study on a dual channel planar waveguide surface plasmon biosensor is presented in this paper. The proposed device consists of a planar waveguide with two active regions. It has been demonstrated that the proposed waveguide sensor can be configured to operate in either multi anlalyte or self referencing mode. The channel discriminative property of the device is investigated using an eigenmode solver with perfectly matched layers (PML).

© 2010 OSA

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    [CrossRef]
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  4. J. Homola, J. Dostálek, S. F. Chen, A. Rasooly, S. Jiang, and S. S. Yee, “Spectral surface plasmon resonance biosensor for detection of staphylococcal enterotoxin B in milk,” Int. J. Food Microbiol. 75(1-2), 61–69 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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2010 (3)

A. Nooke, U. Beck, A. Hertwig, A. Krause, H. Kruger, V. Lohse, D. Negendank, and J. Steinbach, “On the application of gold based SPR sensors for the detection of hazardous gases,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 149(1), 194–198 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. Wang, Z. Zheng, Y. L. Su, Y. M. Wang, Z. Y. Wang, L. S. Song, J. Diamond, and J. S. Zhu, “High-Sensitivity Electro-Optic-Modulated Surface Plasmon Resonance Measurement Using Multilayer Waveguide-Coupled Surface Plasmon Resonance Sensors,” Sens. Lett. 8(2), 370–374 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Patskovsky, M. Meunier, P. N. Prasad, and A. V. Kabashin, “Self-noise-filtering phase-sensitive surface plasmon resonance biosensing,” Opt. Express 18(14), 14353–14358 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (4)

2008 (1)

2007 (1)

X. D. Hoa, A. G. Kirk, and M. Tabrizian, “Towards integrated and sensitive surface plasmon resonance biosensors: a review of recent progress,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 23(2), 151–160 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

J. Homola, H. Vaisocherová, J. Dostálek, and M. Piliarik, “Multi-analyte surface plasmon resonance biosensing,” Methods 37(1), 26–36 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

T. T. Goodrich, H. J. Lee, and R. M. Corn, “Direct detection of genomic DNA by enzymatically amplified SPR imaging measurements of RNA microarrays,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 126(13), 4086–4087 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

J. Homola, J. Dostálek, S. F. Chen, A. Rasooly, S. Jiang, and S. S. Yee, “Spectral surface plasmon resonance biosensor for detection of staphylococcal enterotoxin B in milk,” Int. J. Food Microbiol. 75(1-2), 61–69 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (2)

V. V. Koubová, E. Bryndaa, L. Karasová, J. Škvor, J. Homola, J. Dostálek, P. Tobiška, and J. Rošický, “Detection of foodborne pathogens using surface plasmon resonance biosensors,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 74, 100–105 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Dostálek, J. Ctyroký, J. Homola, E. Brynda, M. Skalský, P. Nekvindová, J. Spirková, J. Skvor, and J. Schröfel, “Surface plasmon resonance biosensor based on integrated optical waveguide,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 76, 8–12 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

J. Homola, S. Yee, and G. Gauglitz, “Surface plasmon resonance sensors: review,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 54(1-2), 3–15 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

C. Mouvet, R. D. Harris, C. Maciag, B. J. Luff, J. S. Wilkinson, J. Piehler, A. Brecht, G. Gauglitz, R. Abuknesha, and G. Ismail, “Determination of simazine in water samples by waveguide surface plasmon resonance,” Anal. Chim. Acta 338(1-2), 109–117 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

R. D. Harris and J. S. Wilkinson, “Waveguide surface Plasmon resonance sensors,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 29(1-3), 261–267 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

C. Jung, S. Yee, and K. Kuhn, “Integrated-Optics Wave-Guide Modulator Based On Surface-Plasmon Resonance,” J. Lightwave Technol. 12(10), 1802–1806 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

J. R. Sambles, G. W. Bradbery, and F. Yang, “Optical excitation of surface plasmons: an introduction,” Contemp. Phys. 32(3), 173–183 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

A. Ghatak, K. Thyagarajan, and M. Shenoy, “Numerical analysis of planar optical waveguides using matrix approach,” J. Lightwave Technol. 5(5), 660–667 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1984 (1)

1972 (1)

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical-Constants of Noble-Metals,” Phys. Rev. B 6(12), 4370–4379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

1871 (1)

W. Sellmeier, “Zur Erklärung der abnormen Farbenfolge im Spectrum einiger Substanzen,” Ann. Phys. 219(6), 272–282 (1871).

Abuknesha, R.

C. Mouvet, R. D. Harris, C. Maciag, B. J. Luff, J. S. Wilkinson, J. Piehler, A. Brecht, G. Gauglitz, R. Abuknesha, and G. Ismail, “Determination of simazine in water samples by waveguide surface plasmon resonance,” Anal. Chim. Acta 338(1-2), 109–117 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Akowuah, E. K.

Beck, U.

A. Nooke, U. Beck, A. Hertwig, A. Krause, H. Kruger, V. Lohse, D. Negendank, and J. Steinbach, “On the application of gold based SPR sensors for the detection of hazardous gases,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 149(1), 194–198 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bradbery, G. W.

J. R. Sambles, G. W. Bradbery, and F. Yang, “Optical excitation of surface plasmons: an introduction,” Contemp. Phys. 32(3), 173–183 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Brecht, A.

C. Mouvet, R. D. Harris, C. Maciag, B. J. Luff, J. S. Wilkinson, J. Piehler, A. Brecht, G. Gauglitz, R. Abuknesha, and G. Ismail, “Determination of simazine in water samples by waveguide surface plasmon resonance,” Anal. Chim. Acta 338(1-2), 109–117 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Brynda, E.

J. Dostálek, J. Ctyroký, J. Homola, E. Brynda, M. Skalský, P. Nekvindová, J. Spirková, J. Skvor, and J. Schröfel, “Surface plasmon resonance biosensor based on integrated optical waveguide,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 76, 8–12 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bryndaa, E.

V. V. Koubová, E. Bryndaa, L. Karasová, J. Škvor, J. Homola, J. Dostálek, P. Tobiška, and J. Rošický, “Detection of foodborne pathogens using surface plasmon resonance biosensors,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 74, 100–105 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Chen, S. F.

J. Homola, J. Dostálek, S. F. Chen, A. Rasooly, S. Jiang, and S. S. Yee, “Spectral surface plasmon resonance biosensor for detection of staphylococcal enterotoxin B in milk,” Int. J. Food Microbiol. 75(1-2), 61–69 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chilwell, J.

Christy, R. W.

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical-Constants of Noble-Metals,” Phys. Rev. B 6(12), 4370–4379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Corn, R. M.

T. T. Goodrich, H. J. Lee, and R. M. Corn, “Direct detection of genomic DNA by enzymatically amplified SPR imaging measurements of RNA microarrays,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 126(13), 4086–4087 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ctyroký, J.

J. Dostálek, J. Ctyroký, J. Homola, E. Brynda, M. Skalský, P. Nekvindová, J. Spirková, J. Skvor, and J. Schröfel, “Surface plasmon resonance biosensor based on integrated optical waveguide,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 76, 8–12 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Diamond, J.

K. Wang, Z. Zheng, Y. L. Su, Y. M. Wang, Z. Y. Wang, L. S. Song, J. Diamond, and J. S. Zhu, “High-Sensitivity Electro-Optic-Modulated Surface Plasmon Resonance Measurement Using Multilayer Waveguide-Coupled Surface Plasmon Resonance Sensors,” Sens. Lett. 8(2), 370–374 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Dostálek, J.

J. Homola, H. Vaisocherová, J. Dostálek, and M. Piliarik, “Multi-analyte surface plasmon resonance biosensing,” Methods 37(1), 26–36 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Homola, J. Dostálek, S. F. Chen, A. Rasooly, S. Jiang, and S. S. Yee, “Spectral surface plasmon resonance biosensor for detection of staphylococcal enterotoxin B in milk,” Int. J. Food Microbiol. 75(1-2), 61–69 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. V. Koubová, E. Bryndaa, L. Karasová, J. Škvor, J. Homola, J. Dostálek, P. Tobiška, and J. Rošický, “Detection of foodborne pathogens using surface plasmon resonance biosensors,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 74, 100–105 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Dostálek, J. Ctyroký, J. Homola, E. Brynda, M. Skalský, P. Nekvindová, J. Spirková, J. Skvor, and J. Schröfel, “Surface plasmon resonance biosensor based on integrated optical waveguide,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 76, 8–12 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Gauglitz, G.

J. Homola, S. Yee, and G. Gauglitz, “Surface plasmon resonance sensors: review,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 54(1-2), 3–15 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. Mouvet, R. D. Harris, C. Maciag, B. J. Luff, J. S. Wilkinson, J. Piehler, A. Brecht, G. Gauglitz, R. Abuknesha, and G. Ismail, “Determination of simazine in water samples by waveguide surface plasmon resonance,” Anal. Chim. Acta 338(1-2), 109–117 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ghatak, A.

A. Ghatak, K. Thyagarajan, and M. Shenoy, “Numerical analysis of planar optical waveguides using matrix approach,” J. Lightwave Technol. 5(5), 660–667 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Goodrich, T. T.

T. T. Goodrich, H. J. Lee, and R. M. Corn, “Direct detection of genomic DNA by enzymatically amplified SPR imaging measurements of RNA microarrays,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 126(13), 4086–4087 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gorman, T.

Harris, R. D.

C. Mouvet, R. D. Harris, C. Maciag, B. J. Luff, J. S. Wilkinson, J. Piehler, A. Brecht, G. Gauglitz, R. Abuknesha, and G. Ismail, “Determination of simazine in water samples by waveguide surface plasmon resonance,” Anal. Chim. Acta 338(1-2), 109–117 (1997).
[CrossRef]

R. D. Harris and J. S. Wilkinson, “Waveguide surface Plasmon resonance sensors,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 29(1-3), 261–267 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Haxha, S.

Hertwig, A.

A. Nooke, U. Beck, A. Hertwig, A. Krause, H. Kruger, V. Lohse, D. Negendank, and J. Steinbach, “On the application of gold based SPR sensors for the detection of hazardous gases,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 149(1), 194–198 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hoa, X. D.

X. D. Hoa, A. G. Kirk, and M. Tabrizian, “Towards integrated and sensitive surface plasmon resonance biosensors: a review of recent progress,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 23(2), 151–160 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hodgkinson, I.

Homola, J.

M. Piliarik, L. Párová, and J. Homola, “High-throughput SPR sensor for food safety,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 24(5), 1399–1404 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Homola, H. Vaisocherová, J. Dostálek, and M. Piliarik, “Multi-analyte surface plasmon resonance biosensing,” Methods 37(1), 26–36 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Homola, J. Dostálek, S. F. Chen, A. Rasooly, S. Jiang, and S. S. Yee, “Spectral surface plasmon resonance biosensor for detection of staphylococcal enterotoxin B in milk,” Int. J. Food Microbiol. 75(1-2), 61–69 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. V. Koubová, E. Bryndaa, L. Karasová, J. Škvor, J. Homola, J. Dostálek, P. Tobiška, and J. Rošický, “Detection of foodborne pathogens using surface plasmon resonance biosensors,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 74, 100–105 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Dostálek, J. Ctyroký, J. Homola, E. Brynda, M. Skalský, P. Nekvindová, J. Spirková, J. Skvor, and J. Schröfel, “Surface plasmon resonance biosensor based on integrated optical waveguide,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 76, 8–12 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Homola, S. Yee, and G. Gauglitz, “Surface plasmon resonance sensors: review,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 54(1-2), 3–15 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ismail, G.

C. Mouvet, R. D. Harris, C. Maciag, B. J. Luff, J. S. Wilkinson, J. Piehler, A. Brecht, G. Gauglitz, R. Abuknesha, and G. Ismail, “Determination of simazine in water samples by waveguide surface plasmon resonance,” Anal. Chim. Acta 338(1-2), 109–117 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Jha, R.

Jiang, S.

J. Homola, J. Dostálek, S. F. Chen, A. Rasooly, S. Jiang, and S. S. Yee, “Spectral surface plasmon resonance biosensor for detection of staphylococcal enterotoxin B in milk,” Int. J. Food Microbiol. 75(1-2), 61–69 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Johnson, P. B.

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical-Constants of Noble-Metals,” Phys. Rev. B 6(12), 4370–4379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Jung, C.

C. Jung, S. Yee, and K. Kuhn, “Integrated-Optics Wave-Guide Modulator Based On Surface-Plasmon Resonance,” J. Lightwave Technol. 12(10), 1802–1806 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Kabashin, A. V.

Karasová, L.

V. V. Koubová, E. Bryndaa, L. Karasová, J. Škvor, J. Homola, J. Dostálek, P. Tobiška, and J. Rošický, “Detection of foodborne pathogens using surface plasmon resonance biosensors,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 74, 100–105 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kats, A. V.

Kirk, A. G.

X. D. Hoa, A. G. Kirk, and M. Tabrizian, “Towards integrated and sensitive surface plasmon resonance biosensors: a review of recent progress,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 23(2), 151–160 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Koubová, V. V.

V. V. Koubová, E. Bryndaa, L. Karasová, J. Škvor, J. Homola, J. Dostálek, P. Tobiška, and J. Rošický, “Detection of foodborne pathogens using surface plasmon resonance biosensors,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 74, 100–105 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Krause, A.

A. Nooke, U. Beck, A. Hertwig, A. Krause, H. Kruger, V. Lohse, D. Negendank, and J. Steinbach, “On the application of gold based SPR sensors for the detection of hazardous gases,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 149(1), 194–198 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kruger, H.

A. Nooke, U. Beck, A. Hertwig, A. Krause, H. Kruger, V. Lohse, D. Negendank, and J. Steinbach, “On the application of gold based SPR sensors for the detection of hazardous gases,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 149(1), 194–198 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kuhn, K.

C. Jung, S. Yee, and K. Kuhn, “Integrated-Optics Wave-Guide Modulator Based On Surface-Plasmon Resonance,” J. Lightwave Technol. 12(10), 1802–1806 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Lee, H. J.

T. T. Goodrich, H. J. Lee, and R. M. Corn, “Direct detection of genomic DNA by enzymatically amplified SPR imaging measurements of RNA microarrays,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 126(13), 4086–4087 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Levy, R.

R. Levy and S. Ruschin, “Design of a Single-Channel Modal Interferometer Waveguide Sensor,” IEEE Sens. J. 9(2), 146–153 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lohse, V.

A. Nooke, U. Beck, A. Hertwig, A. Krause, H. Kruger, V. Lohse, D. Negendank, and J. Steinbach, “On the application of gold based SPR sensors for the detection of hazardous gases,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 149(1), 194–198 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Luff, B. J.

C. Mouvet, R. D. Harris, C. Maciag, B. J. Luff, J. S. Wilkinson, J. Piehler, A. Brecht, G. Gauglitz, R. Abuknesha, and G. Ismail, “Determination of simazine in water samples by waveguide surface plasmon resonance,” Anal. Chim. Acta 338(1-2), 109–117 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Maciag, C.

C. Mouvet, R. D. Harris, C. Maciag, B. J. Luff, J. S. Wilkinson, J. Piehler, A. Brecht, G. Gauglitz, R. Abuknesha, and G. Ismail, “Determination of simazine in water samples by waveguide surface plasmon resonance,” Anal. Chim. Acta 338(1-2), 109–117 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Meunier, M.

Mouvet, C.

C. Mouvet, R. D. Harris, C. Maciag, B. J. Luff, J. S. Wilkinson, J. Piehler, A. Brecht, G. Gauglitz, R. Abuknesha, and G. Ismail, “Determination of simazine in water samples by waveguide surface plasmon resonance,” Anal. Chim. Acta 338(1-2), 109–117 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Negendank, D.

A. Nooke, U. Beck, A. Hertwig, A. Krause, H. Kruger, V. Lohse, D. Negendank, and J. Steinbach, “On the application of gold based SPR sensors for the detection of hazardous gases,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 149(1), 194–198 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nekvindová, P.

J. Dostálek, J. Ctyroký, J. Homola, E. Brynda, M. Skalský, P. Nekvindová, J. Spirková, J. Skvor, and J. Schröfel, “Surface plasmon resonance biosensor based on integrated optical waveguide,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 76, 8–12 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Nesterov, M. L.

Nooke, A.

A. Nooke, U. Beck, A. Hertwig, A. Krause, H. Kruger, V. Lohse, D. Negendank, and J. Steinbach, “On the application of gold based SPR sensors for the detection of hazardous gases,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 149(1), 194–198 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Párová, L.

M. Piliarik, L. Párová, and J. Homola, “High-throughput SPR sensor for food safety,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 24(5), 1399–1404 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Patskovsky, S.

Piehler, J.

C. Mouvet, R. D. Harris, C. Maciag, B. J. Luff, J. S. Wilkinson, J. Piehler, A. Brecht, G. Gauglitz, R. Abuknesha, and G. Ismail, “Determination of simazine in water samples by waveguide surface plasmon resonance,” Anal. Chim. Acta 338(1-2), 109–117 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Piliarik, M.

M. Piliarik, L. Párová, and J. Homola, “High-throughput SPR sensor for food safety,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 24(5), 1399–1404 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Homola, H. Vaisocherová, J. Dostálek, and M. Piliarik, “Multi-analyte surface plasmon resonance biosensing,” Methods 37(1), 26–36 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Prasad, P. N.

Rasooly, A.

J. Homola, J. Dostálek, S. F. Chen, A. Rasooly, S. Jiang, and S. S. Yee, “Spectral surface plasmon resonance biosensor for detection of staphylococcal enterotoxin B in milk,” Int. J. Food Microbiol. 75(1-2), 61–69 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rošický, J.

V. V. Koubová, E. Bryndaa, L. Karasová, J. Škvor, J. Homola, J. Dostálek, P. Tobiška, and J. Rošický, “Detection of foodborne pathogens using surface plasmon resonance biosensors,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 74, 100–105 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ruschin, S.

R. Levy and S. Ruschin, “Design of a Single-Channel Modal Interferometer Waveguide Sensor,” IEEE Sens. J. 9(2), 146–153 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sambles, J. R.

J. R. Sambles, G. W. Bradbery, and F. Yang, “Optical excitation of surface plasmons: an introduction,” Contemp. Phys. 32(3), 173–183 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Schröfel, J.

J. Dostálek, J. Ctyroký, J. Homola, E. Brynda, M. Skalský, P. Nekvindová, J. Spirková, J. Skvor, and J. Schröfel, “Surface plasmon resonance biosensor based on integrated optical waveguide,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 76, 8–12 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sellmeier, W.

W. Sellmeier, “Zur Erklärung der abnormen Farbenfolge im Spectrum einiger Substanzen,” Ann. Phys. 219(6), 272–282 (1871).

Sharma, A. K.

Shenoy, M.

A. Ghatak, K. Thyagarajan, and M. Shenoy, “Numerical analysis of planar optical waveguides using matrix approach,” J. Lightwave Technol. 5(5), 660–667 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Skalský, M.

J. Dostálek, J. Ctyroký, J. Homola, E. Brynda, M. Skalský, P. Nekvindová, J. Spirková, J. Skvor, and J. Schröfel, “Surface plasmon resonance biosensor based on integrated optical waveguide,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 76, 8–12 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Skvor, J.

J. Dostálek, J. Ctyroký, J. Homola, E. Brynda, M. Skalský, P. Nekvindová, J. Spirková, J. Skvor, and J. Schröfel, “Surface plasmon resonance biosensor based on integrated optical waveguide,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 76, 8–12 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Škvor, J.

V. V. Koubová, E. Bryndaa, L. Karasová, J. Škvor, J. Homola, J. Dostálek, P. Tobiška, and J. Rošický, “Detection of foodborne pathogens using surface plasmon resonance biosensors,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 74, 100–105 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Song, L. S.

K. Wang, Z. Zheng, Y. L. Su, Y. M. Wang, Z. Y. Wang, L. S. Song, J. Diamond, and J. S. Zhu, “High-Sensitivity Electro-Optic-Modulated Surface Plasmon Resonance Measurement Using Multilayer Waveguide-Coupled Surface Plasmon Resonance Sensors,” Sens. Lett. 8(2), 370–374 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Spirková, J.

J. Dostálek, J. Ctyroký, J. Homola, E. Brynda, M. Skalský, P. Nekvindová, J. Spirková, J. Skvor, and J. Schröfel, “Surface plasmon resonance biosensor based on integrated optical waveguide,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 76, 8–12 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Steinbach, J.

A. Nooke, U. Beck, A. Hertwig, A. Krause, H. Kruger, V. Lohse, D. Negendank, and J. Steinbach, “On the application of gold based SPR sensors for the detection of hazardous gases,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 149(1), 194–198 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Su, Y. L.

K. Wang, Z. Zheng, Y. L. Su, Y. M. Wang, Z. Y. Wang, L. S. Song, J. Diamond, and J. S. Zhu, “High-Sensitivity Electro-Optic-Modulated Surface Plasmon Resonance Measurement Using Multilayer Waveguide-Coupled Surface Plasmon Resonance Sensors,” Sens. Lett. 8(2), 370–374 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tabrizian, M.

X. D. Hoa, A. G. Kirk, and M. Tabrizian, “Towards integrated and sensitive surface plasmon resonance biosensors: a review of recent progress,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 23(2), 151–160 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Thyagarajan, K.

A. Ghatak, K. Thyagarajan, and M. Shenoy, “Numerical analysis of planar optical waveguides using matrix approach,” J. Lightwave Technol. 5(5), 660–667 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Tobiška, P.

V. V. Koubová, E. Bryndaa, L. Karasová, J. Škvor, J. Homola, J. Dostálek, P. Tobiška, and J. Rošický, “Detection of foodborne pathogens using surface plasmon resonance biosensors,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 74, 100–105 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Turitsyn, S. K.

Vaisocherová, H.

J. Homola, H. Vaisocherová, J. Dostálek, and M. Piliarik, “Multi-analyte surface plasmon resonance biosensing,” Methods 37(1), 26–36 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, K.

K. Wang, Z. Zheng, Y. L. Su, Y. M. Wang, Z. Y. Wang, L. S. Song, J. Diamond, and J. S. Zhu, “High-Sensitivity Electro-Optic-Modulated Surface Plasmon Resonance Measurement Using Multilayer Waveguide-Coupled Surface Plasmon Resonance Sensors,” Sens. Lett. 8(2), 370–374 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y. M.

K. Wang, Z. Zheng, Y. L. Su, Y. M. Wang, Z. Y. Wang, L. S. Song, J. Diamond, and J. S. Zhu, “High-Sensitivity Electro-Optic-Modulated Surface Plasmon Resonance Measurement Using Multilayer Waveguide-Coupled Surface Plasmon Resonance Sensors,” Sens. Lett. 8(2), 370–374 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Z. Y.

K. Wang, Z. Zheng, Y. L. Su, Y. M. Wang, Z. Y. Wang, L. S. Song, J. Diamond, and J. S. Zhu, “High-Sensitivity Electro-Optic-Modulated Surface Plasmon Resonance Measurement Using Multilayer Waveguide-Coupled Surface Plasmon Resonance Sensors,” Sens. Lett. 8(2), 370–374 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wilkinson, J. S.

C. Mouvet, R. D. Harris, C. Maciag, B. J. Luff, J. S. Wilkinson, J. Piehler, A. Brecht, G. Gauglitz, R. Abuknesha, and G. Ismail, “Determination of simazine in water samples by waveguide surface plasmon resonance,” Anal. Chim. Acta 338(1-2), 109–117 (1997).
[CrossRef]

R. D. Harris and J. S. Wilkinson, “Waveguide surface Plasmon resonance sensors,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 29(1-3), 261–267 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Yang, F.

J. R. Sambles, G. W. Bradbery, and F. Yang, “Optical excitation of surface plasmons: an introduction,” Contemp. Phys. 32(3), 173–183 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Yee, S.

J. Homola, S. Yee, and G. Gauglitz, “Surface plasmon resonance sensors: review,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 54(1-2), 3–15 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. Jung, S. Yee, and K. Kuhn, “Integrated-Optics Wave-Guide Modulator Based On Surface-Plasmon Resonance,” J. Lightwave Technol. 12(10), 1802–1806 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Yee, S. S.

J. Homola, J. Dostálek, S. F. Chen, A. Rasooly, S. Jiang, and S. S. Yee, “Spectral surface plasmon resonance biosensor for detection of staphylococcal enterotoxin B in milk,” Int. J. Food Microbiol. 75(1-2), 61–69 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zheng, Z.

K. Wang, Z. Zheng, Y. L. Su, Y. M. Wang, Z. Y. Wang, L. S. Song, J. Diamond, and J. S. Zhu, “High-Sensitivity Electro-Optic-Modulated Surface Plasmon Resonance Measurement Using Multilayer Waveguide-Coupled Surface Plasmon Resonance Sensors,” Sens. Lett. 8(2), 370–374 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, J. S.

K. Wang, Z. Zheng, Y. L. Su, Y. M. Wang, Z. Y. Wang, L. S. Song, J. Diamond, and J. S. Zhu, “High-Sensitivity Electro-Optic-Modulated Surface Plasmon Resonance Measurement Using Multilayer Waveguide-Coupled Surface Plasmon Resonance Sensors,” Sens. Lett. 8(2), 370–374 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Anal. Chim. Acta (1)

C. Mouvet, R. D. Harris, C. Maciag, B. J. Luff, J. S. Wilkinson, J. Piehler, A. Brecht, G. Gauglitz, R. Abuknesha, and G. Ismail, “Determination of simazine in water samples by waveguide surface plasmon resonance,” Anal. Chim. Acta 338(1-2), 109–117 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ann. Phys. (1)

W. Sellmeier, “Zur Erklärung der abnormen Farbenfolge im Spectrum einiger Substanzen,” Ann. Phys. 219(6), 272–282 (1871).

Biosens. Bioelectron. (2)

X. D. Hoa, A. G. Kirk, and M. Tabrizian, “Towards integrated and sensitive surface plasmon resonance biosensors: a review of recent progress,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 23(2), 151–160 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Piliarik, L. Párová, and J. Homola, “High-throughput SPR sensor for food safety,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 24(5), 1399–1404 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Contemp. Phys. (1)

J. R. Sambles, G. W. Bradbery, and F. Yang, “Optical excitation of surface plasmons: an introduction,” Contemp. Phys. 32(3), 173–183 (1991).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Sens. J. (1)

R. Levy and S. Ruschin, “Design of a Single-Channel Modal Interferometer Waveguide Sensor,” IEEE Sens. J. 9(2), 146–153 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Int. J. Food Microbiol. (1)

J. Homola, J. Dostálek, S. F. Chen, A. Rasooly, S. Jiang, and S. S. Yee, “Spectral surface plasmon resonance biosensor for detection of staphylococcal enterotoxin B in milk,” Int. J. Food Microbiol. 75(1-2), 61–69 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Am. Chem. Soc. (1)

T. T. Goodrich, H. J. Lee, and R. M. Corn, “Direct detection of genomic DNA by enzymatically amplified SPR imaging measurements of RNA microarrays,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 126(13), 4086–4087 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

C. Jung, S. Yee, and K. Kuhn, “Integrated-Optics Wave-Guide Modulator Based On Surface-Plasmon Resonance,” J. Lightwave Technol. 12(10), 1802–1806 (1994).
[CrossRef]

A. Ghatak, K. Thyagarajan, and M. Shenoy, “Numerical analysis of planar optical waveguides using matrix approach,” J. Lightwave Technol. 5(5), 660–667 (1987).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

Methods (1)

J. Homola, H. Vaisocherová, J. Dostálek, and M. Piliarik, “Multi-analyte surface plasmon resonance biosensing,” Methods 37(1), 26–36 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical-Constants of Noble-Metals,” Phys. Rev. B 6(12), 4370–4379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Sens. Actuators B Chem. (5)

R. D. Harris and J. S. Wilkinson, “Waveguide surface Plasmon resonance sensors,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 29(1-3), 261–267 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Dostálek, J. Ctyroký, J. Homola, E. Brynda, M. Skalský, P. Nekvindová, J. Spirková, J. Skvor, and J. Schröfel, “Surface plasmon resonance biosensor based on integrated optical waveguide,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 76, 8–12 (2001).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Koubová, E. Bryndaa, L. Karasová, J. Škvor, J. Homola, J. Dostálek, P. Tobiška, and J. Rošický, “Detection of foodborne pathogens using surface plasmon resonance biosensors,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 74, 100–105 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Nooke, U. Beck, A. Hertwig, A. Krause, H. Kruger, V. Lohse, D. Negendank, and J. Steinbach, “On the application of gold based SPR sensors for the detection of hazardous gases,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 149(1), 194–198 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Homola, S. Yee, and G. Gauglitz, “Surface plasmon resonance sensors: review,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 54(1-2), 3–15 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sens. Lett. (1)

K. Wang, Z. Zheng, Y. L. Su, Y. M. Wang, Z. Y. Wang, L. S. Song, J. Diamond, and J. S. Zhu, “High-Sensitivity Electro-Optic-Modulated Surface Plasmon Resonance Measurement Using Multilayer Waveguide-Coupled Surface Plasmon Resonance Sensors,” Sens. Lett. 8(2), 370–374 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Other (5)

R. Syms, and J. Cozens, Optical Guided Waves and Devices, (McGraw-Hill, London, 1992).

S. A. Maier, Plasmonics: Fundamentals and Applications, Springer, New York, 40 – 52 (2007).

CAMFR, http://camfr.sourceforge.net .

COMSOL, http://www.comsol.com .

P. Yeh, Optical Waves in Layered Media, Wiley, New York, (1988).

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Cross section of the proposed dual channel waveguide SPR sensor showing various sections.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Geometry for SPW propagation at a single interface between a metal and a dielectric.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Cross section of a single channel waveguide SPR sensor optimized for aqueous environment. t Au = 50nm and L SPR = 100µm.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Transmission properties of a single channel waveguide SPR sensor optimized for aqueous environment. t Au = 50nm and L SPR = 100µm.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Cross section of a dual channel waveguide SPR sensor with gold as active material in both channels. t Au = 50 nm, L S = 10 μm and L SPR = 45 μm

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Transmission properties of a dual channel waveguide SPR sensor with gold as active material in both channels. t Au = 50 nm, L S = 10 μm and L SPR = 45 μm

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Transmission properties of a dual channel waveguide SPR sensor with gold and silver as active material in channel A and B respectively. Device parameters: t Au = 50 nm, L S = 10 μm and L SPR = 45 μm, t overlayer = 50nm, n overlayer is varied from 1.39 to 1.43.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Transmission properties of a dual channel waveguide SPR sensor with gold and silver as active material in channel A and B respectively. Device parameters: t Au = 50 nm, L S = 10 μm and L SPR = 45 μm, n overlayer = 1.40, t overlayer is varied from 50nm – 70nm.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Transmission properties of the proposed dual channel waveguide SPR sensor configured as a multi analyte detector. Device parameters: t Au = 50 nm, L S = 10 μm and L SPR = 45 μm, n overlayer = 1.40, t overlayer = 50 nm.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Transmission properties of the proposed dual channel waveguide SPR sensor configured as a self referencing sensor. Device parameters: t Au = 50 nm, L S = 10 μm and L SPR = 45 μm, n overlayer = 1.41, t overlayer = 50 nm..

Equations (19)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

E 1 = ( E x 1 , 0 , E z 1 ) e i ( k x x ω t ) e i k z 1 z ,
H 1 = ( 0 , H y 1 , 0 ) e i ( k x x ω t ) e i k z 1 z .
E 2 = ( E x 2 , 0 , E z 2 ) e i ( k x x ω t ) e i k z 2 z ,
H 2 = ( 0 , H y 2 , 0 ) e i ( k x x ω t ) e i k z 2 z ,
E z 1 = E x 1 k x k z 1 ,
E z 2 = E x 2 k x k z 2 .
H y 1 = ω E x 1 ε 1 ε 0 k z 1 ,
H y 2 = ω E x 2 ε 1 ε 0 k z 2 .
ε 1 k z 1 = ε 2 k z 2 .
k z 1 = i ( k x 2 ε 1 k 2 ) ,   which requires   k x 2 > ε 1 k 2 ,
k z 2 = i ( k x 2 ε 2 k 2 ) ,   which requires   k x 2 > ε 2 k 2 ,
k x = k ( ε 1 ε 2 ε 1 + ε 2 ) .
k x = k ( ε 1 ( ε 2 r + i ε 2 i ) ε 1 + ε 2 r + i ε 2 i ) .
k x r k ε 1 ( 1 ε 1 2 ε 2 r ) ,
k x i = 1 2 k ε 2 i ε 3 ε 2 r 2 .
Δ k x r = k x r ε 1 k 1 2 k ε 1 3 ε 2 r .
n ( λ ) = 1 + B 1 λ 2 λ 2 C 1 + B 2 λ 2 λ 2 C 2 + B 3 λ 2 λ 2 C 3 ,
S n = δ λ r e s δ n a n a l y t e ,
S n = λ s e p δ n a n a l y t e .

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