Abstract

It is shown that submicrometer holes with very acute angles present extraordinary optical transmission peaks associated to strongly localized modes. The positions of these peaks are: (i) strongly redshifted with respect to the peak position that could be expected if the considered hole were in a film made of perfect electric conductor, (ii) independent on the angle of incidence for a large range of angles and (iii) strongly dependent on the direction of the incident electric field. In addition, it is demonstrated that these properties are linked to the mechanisms leading to the existence of channel-plasmon-polaritons.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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  1. T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, "Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays," Nature 391, 667-669 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  2. F. J. Garcia-Vidal, L. Martin-Moreno, T. W. Ebbesen, and L. Kuipers, "Light passing through subwavelength apertures," Rev. Mod. Phys. 82, 729-787 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  3. L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, H. J. Lezec, K. M. Pellerin, T. Thio, J. B. Pendry, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Theory of extraordinary optical transmission through subwavelength hole arrays," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 1114-1117 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. F. J. García de Abajo, and J. J. Sáenz, "Electromagnetic surface modes in structured perfect-conductor surfaces," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 233901 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  5. K. L. van der Molen, F. B. Segerink, N. F. van Hulst, and L. Kuipers, "Influence of hole size on the extraordinary transmission through subwavelength hole arrays," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 4316-4318 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  6. A. Degiron, and T. W. Ebbesen, "The role of localized surface plasmon modes in the enhanced transmission of periodic subwavelength apertures," J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 7, S90-S96 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  7. A. Degiron, H. J. Lezec, N. Yamamoto, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Optical transmission properties of a single subwavelength aperture in a real metal," Opt. Commun. 239, 61-66 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. W. Lee, M. A. Seo, D. H. Kang, K. S. Khim, S. C. Jeoung, and D. S. Kim, "Terahertz electromagnetic wave transmission through random arrays of single rectangular holes and slits in thin metallic sheets," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 137401 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. F. J. Garcia-Vidal, E. Moreno, J. A. Porto, and L. Martin-Moreno, "Transmission of light through a single rectangular hole," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 1-4 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  10. F. I. Baida, and D. Van Labeke, "Three-dimensional structures for enhanced transmission through a metallic film: Annular aperture arrays," Phys. Rev. B 67, 155314 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  11. S. M. Orbons, and A. Roberts, "Resonance and extraordinary transmission in annular aperture arrays," Opt. Express 14, 12623-12628 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. J. H. Kim, and P. J. Moyer, "Transmission characteristics of metallic equilateral triangular nanohole arrays," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 121106 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  13. J. H. Kim, and P. J. Moyer, "Thickness effects on the optical transmission characteristics of small hole arrays on thin gold films," Opt. Express 14, 6595 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. E. D. Palik, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Academic Press, 1985).
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  16. S. G. Rodrigo, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and L. Martin-Moreno, "Influence of material properties on extraordinary optical transmission through hole arrays," Phys. Rev. B 77, 075401 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  17. W. L. Barnes, W. A. Murray, J. Dintinger, E. Devaux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Surface plasmon polaritons and their role in the enhanced transmission of light through periodic arrays of subwavelength holes in a metal film," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 107401 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J. Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Channel plasmon subwavelength waveguide components including interferometers and ring resonators," Nature 440, 508 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. E. Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, S. G. Rodrigo, L. Martin-Moreno, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "Channel plasmon-polaritons: modal shape, dispersion, and losses," Opt. Lett. 31, 3447-3449 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010 (1)

F. J. Garcia-Vidal, L. Martin-Moreno, T. W. Ebbesen, and L. Kuipers, "Light passing through subwavelength apertures," Rev. Mod. Phys. 82, 729-787 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

S. G. Rodrigo, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and L. Martin-Moreno, "Influence of material properties on extraordinary optical transmission through hole arrays," Phys. Rev. B 77, 075401 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

J. W. Lee, M. A. Seo, D. H. Kang, K. S. Khim, S. C. Jeoung, and D. S. Kim, "Terahertz electromagnetic wave transmission through random arrays of single rectangular holes and slits in thin metallic sheets," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 137401 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (5)

2005 (3)

F. J. Garcia-Vidal, E. Moreno, J. A. Porto, and L. Martin-Moreno, "Transmission of light through a single rectangular hole," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 1-4 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Degiron, and T. W. Ebbesen, "The role of localized surface plasmon modes in the enhanced transmission of periodic subwavelength apertures," J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 7, S90-S96 (2005).
[CrossRef]

F. J. García de Abajo, and J. J. Sáenz, "Electromagnetic surface modes in structured perfect-conductor surfaces," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 233901 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (3)

K. L. van der Molen, F. B. Segerink, N. F. van Hulst, and L. Kuipers, "Influence of hole size on the extraordinary transmission through subwavelength hole arrays," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 4316-4318 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Degiron, H. J. Lezec, N. Yamamoto, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Optical transmission properties of a single subwavelength aperture in a real metal," Opt. Commun. 239, 61-66 (2004).
[CrossRef]

W. L. Barnes, W. A. Murray, J. Dintinger, E. Devaux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Surface plasmon polaritons and their role in the enhanced transmission of light through periodic arrays of subwavelength holes in a metal film," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 107401 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

F. I. Baida, and D. Van Labeke, "Three-dimensional structures for enhanced transmission through a metallic film: Annular aperture arrays," Phys. Rev. B 67, 155314 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, H. J. Lezec, K. M. Pellerin, T. Thio, J. B. Pendry, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Theory of extraordinary optical transmission through subwavelength hole arrays," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 1114-1117 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1998 (1)

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, "Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays," Nature 391, 667-669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Baida, F. I.

F. I. Baida, and D. Van Labeke, "Three-dimensional structures for enhanced transmission through a metallic film: Annular aperture arrays," Phys. Rev. B 67, 155314 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Barnes, W. L.

W. L. Barnes, W. A. Murray, J. Dintinger, E. Devaux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Surface plasmon polaritons and their role in the enhanced transmission of light through periodic arrays of subwavelength holes in a metal film," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 107401 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bozhevolnyi, S. I.

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J. Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Channel plasmon subwavelength waveguide components including interferometers and ring resonators," Nature 440, 508 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, S. G. Rodrigo, L. Martin-Moreno, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "Channel plasmon-polaritons: modal shape, dispersion, and losses," Opt. Lett. 31, 3447-3449 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Degiron, A.

A. Degiron, and T. W. Ebbesen, "The role of localized surface plasmon modes in the enhanced transmission of periodic subwavelength apertures," J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 7, S90-S96 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Degiron, H. J. Lezec, N. Yamamoto, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Optical transmission properties of a single subwavelength aperture in a real metal," Opt. Commun. 239, 61-66 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Devaux, E.

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J. Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Channel plasmon subwavelength waveguide components including interferometers and ring resonators," Nature 440, 508 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. L. Barnes, W. A. Murray, J. Dintinger, E. Devaux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Surface plasmon polaritons and their role in the enhanced transmission of light through periodic arrays of subwavelength holes in a metal film," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 107401 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dintinger, J.

W. L. Barnes, W. A. Murray, J. Dintinger, E. Devaux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Surface plasmon polaritons and their role in the enhanced transmission of light through periodic arrays of subwavelength holes in a metal film," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 107401 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ebbesen, T. W.

F. J. Garcia-Vidal, L. Martin-Moreno, T. W. Ebbesen, and L. Kuipers, "Light passing through subwavelength apertures," Rev. Mod. Phys. 82, 729-787 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J. Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Channel plasmon subwavelength waveguide components including interferometers and ring resonators," Nature 440, 508 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Degiron, and T. W. Ebbesen, "The role of localized surface plasmon modes in the enhanced transmission of periodic subwavelength apertures," J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 7, S90-S96 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Degiron, H. J. Lezec, N. Yamamoto, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Optical transmission properties of a single subwavelength aperture in a real metal," Opt. Commun. 239, 61-66 (2004).
[CrossRef]

W. L. Barnes, W. A. Murray, J. Dintinger, E. Devaux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Surface plasmon polaritons and their role in the enhanced transmission of light through periodic arrays of subwavelength holes in a metal film," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 107401 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, H. J. Lezec, K. M. Pellerin, T. Thio, J. B. Pendry, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Theory of extraordinary optical transmission through subwavelength hole arrays," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 1114-1117 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, "Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays," Nature 391, 667-669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

García de Abajo, F. J.

F. J. García de Abajo, and J. J. Sáenz, "Electromagnetic surface modes in structured perfect-conductor surfaces," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 233901 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Garcia-Vidal, F. J.

F. J. Garcia-Vidal, L. Martin-Moreno, T. W. Ebbesen, and L. Kuipers, "Light passing through subwavelength apertures," Rev. Mod. Phys. 82, 729-787 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. G. Rodrigo, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and L. Martin-Moreno, "Influence of material properties on extraordinary optical transmission through hole arrays," Phys. Rev. B 77, 075401 (2008).
[CrossRef]

E. Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, S. G. Rodrigo, L. Martin-Moreno, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "Channel plasmon-polaritons: modal shape, dispersion, and losses," Opt. Lett. 31, 3447-3449 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. J. Garcia-Vidal, E. Moreno, J. A. Porto, and L. Martin-Moreno, "Transmission of light through a single rectangular hole," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 1-4 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, H. J. Lezec, K. M. Pellerin, T. Thio, J. B. Pendry, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Theory of extraordinary optical transmission through subwavelength hole arrays," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 1114-1117 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ghaemi, H. F.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, "Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays," Nature 391, 667-669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Jeoung, S. C.

J. W. Lee, M. A. Seo, D. H. Kang, K. S. Khim, S. C. Jeoung, and D. S. Kim, "Terahertz electromagnetic wave transmission through random arrays of single rectangular holes and slits in thin metallic sheets," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 137401 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kang, D. H.

J. W. Lee, M. A. Seo, D. H. Kang, K. S. Khim, S. C. Jeoung, and D. S. Kim, "Terahertz electromagnetic wave transmission through random arrays of single rectangular holes and slits in thin metallic sheets," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 137401 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Khim, K. S.

J. W. Lee, M. A. Seo, D. H. Kang, K. S. Khim, S. C. Jeoung, and D. S. Kim, "Terahertz electromagnetic wave transmission through random arrays of single rectangular holes and slits in thin metallic sheets," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 137401 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, D. S.

J. W. Lee, M. A. Seo, D. H. Kang, K. S. Khim, S. C. Jeoung, and D. S. Kim, "Terahertz electromagnetic wave transmission through random arrays of single rectangular holes and slits in thin metallic sheets," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 137401 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, J. H.

J. H. Kim, and P. J. Moyer, "Thickness effects on the optical transmission characteristics of small hole arrays on thin gold films," Opt. Express 14, 6595 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. H. Kim, and P. J. Moyer, "Transmission characteristics of metallic equilateral triangular nanohole arrays," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 121106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kuipers, L.

F. J. Garcia-Vidal, L. Martin-Moreno, T. W. Ebbesen, and L. Kuipers, "Light passing through subwavelength apertures," Rev. Mod. Phys. 82, 729-787 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. L. van der Molen, F. B. Segerink, N. F. van Hulst, and L. Kuipers, "Influence of hole size on the extraordinary transmission through subwavelength hole arrays," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 4316-4318 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Laluet, J. Y.

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J. Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Channel plasmon subwavelength waveguide components including interferometers and ring resonators," Nature 440, 508 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, J. W.

J. W. Lee, M. A. Seo, D. H. Kang, K. S. Khim, S. C. Jeoung, and D. S. Kim, "Terahertz electromagnetic wave transmission through random arrays of single rectangular holes and slits in thin metallic sheets," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 137401 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lezec, H. J.

A. Degiron, H. J. Lezec, N. Yamamoto, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Optical transmission properties of a single subwavelength aperture in a real metal," Opt. Commun. 239, 61-66 (2004).
[CrossRef]

L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, H. J. Lezec, K. M. Pellerin, T. Thio, J. B. Pendry, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Theory of extraordinary optical transmission through subwavelength hole arrays," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 1114-1117 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, "Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays," Nature 391, 667-669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Martin-Moreno, L.

F. J. Garcia-Vidal, L. Martin-Moreno, T. W. Ebbesen, and L. Kuipers, "Light passing through subwavelength apertures," Rev. Mod. Phys. 82, 729-787 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. G. Rodrigo, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and L. Martin-Moreno, "Influence of material properties on extraordinary optical transmission through hole arrays," Phys. Rev. B 77, 075401 (2008).
[CrossRef]

E. Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, S. G. Rodrigo, L. Martin-Moreno, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "Channel plasmon-polaritons: modal shape, dispersion, and losses," Opt. Lett. 31, 3447-3449 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. J. Garcia-Vidal, E. Moreno, J. A. Porto, and L. Martin-Moreno, "Transmission of light through a single rectangular hole," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 1-4 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, H. J. Lezec, K. M. Pellerin, T. Thio, J. B. Pendry, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Theory of extraordinary optical transmission through subwavelength hole arrays," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 1114-1117 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Moreno, E.

E. Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, S. G. Rodrigo, L. Martin-Moreno, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "Channel plasmon-polaritons: modal shape, dispersion, and losses," Opt. Lett. 31, 3447-3449 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. J. Garcia-Vidal, E. Moreno, J. A. Porto, and L. Martin-Moreno, "Transmission of light through a single rectangular hole," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 1-4 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Moyer, P. J.

J. H. Kim, and P. J. Moyer, "Thickness effects on the optical transmission characteristics of small hole arrays on thin gold films," Opt. Express 14, 6595 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. H. Kim, and P. J. Moyer, "Transmission characteristics of metallic equilateral triangular nanohole arrays," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 121106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Murray, W. A.

W. L. Barnes, W. A. Murray, J. Dintinger, E. Devaux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Surface plasmon polaritons and their role in the enhanced transmission of light through periodic arrays of subwavelength holes in a metal film," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 107401 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Orbons, S. M.

Pellerin, K. M.

L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, H. J. Lezec, K. M. Pellerin, T. Thio, J. B. Pendry, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Theory of extraordinary optical transmission through subwavelength hole arrays," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 1114-1117 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pendry, J. B.

L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, H. J. Lezec, K. M. Pellerin, T. Thio, J. B. Pendry, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Theory of extraordinary optical transmission through subwavelength hole arrays," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 1114-1117 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Porto, J. A.

F. J. Garcia-Vidal, E. Moreno, J. A. Porto, and L. Martin-Moreno, "Transmission of light through a single rectangular hole," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 1-4 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Roberts, A.

Rodrigo, S. G.

S. G. Rodrigo, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and L. Martin-Moreno, "Influence of material properties on extraordinary optical transmission through hole arrays," Phys. Rev. B 77, 075401 (2008).
[CrossRef]

E. Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, S. G. Rodrigo, L. Martin-Moreno, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "Channel plasmon-polaritons: modal shape, dispersion, and losses," Opt. Lett. 31, 3447-3449 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sáenz, J. J.

F. J. García de Abajo, and J. J. Sáenz, "Electromagnetic surface modes in structured perfect-conductor surfaces," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 233901 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Segerink, F. B.

K. L. van der Molen, F. B. Segerink, N. F. van Hulst, and L. Kuipers, "Influence of hole size on the extraordinary transmission through subwavelength hole arrays," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 4316-4318 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Seo, M. A.

J. W. Lee, M. A. Seo, D. H. Kang, K. S. Khim, S. C. Jeoung, and D. S. Kim, "Terahertz electromagnetic wave transmission through random arrays of single rectangular holes and slits in thin metallic sheets," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 137401 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Thio, T.

L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, H. J. Lezec, K. M. Pellerin, T. Thio, J. B. Pendry, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Theory of extraordinary optical transmission through subwavelength hole arrays," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 1114-1117 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, "Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays," Nature 391, 667-669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

van der Molen, K. L.

K. L. van der Molen, F. B. Segerink, N. F. van Hulst, and L. Kuipers, "Influence of hole size on the extraordinary transmission through subwavelength hole arrays," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 4316-4318 (2004).
[CrossRef]

van Hulst, N. F.

K. L. van der Molen, F. B. Segerink, N. F. van Hulst, and L. Kuipers, "Influence of hole size on the extraordinary transmission through subwavelength hole arrays," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 4316-4318 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Van Labeke, D.

F. I. Baida, and D. Van Labeke, "Three-dimensional structures for enhanced transmission through a metallic film: Annular aperture arrays," Phys. Rev. B 67, 155314 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Volkov, V. S.

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J. Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Channel plasmon subwavelength waveguide components including interferometers and ring resonators," Nature 440, 508 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wolff, P. A.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, "Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays," Nature 391, 667-669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Yamamoto, N.

A. Degiron, H. J. Lezec, N. Yamamoto, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Optical transmission properties of a single subwavelength aperture in a real metal," Opt. Commun. 239, 61-66 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

K. L. van der Molen, F. B. Segerink, N. F. van Hulst, and L. Kuipers, "Influence of hole size on the extraordinary transmission through subwavelength hole arrays," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 4316-4318 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Kim, and P. J. Moyer, "Transmission characteristics of metallic equilateral triangular nanohole arrays," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 121106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. (1)

A. Degiron, and T. W. Ebbesen, "The role of localized surface plasmon modes in the enhanced transmission of periodic subwavelength apertures," J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 7, S90-S96 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nature (2)

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, "Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays," Nature 391, 667-669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

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Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. B (2)

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[CrossRef]

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F. J. Garcia-Vidal, L. Martin-Moreno, T. W. Ebbesen, and L. Kuipers, "Light passing through subwavelength apertures," Rev. Mod. Phys. 82, 729-787 (2010).
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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental zero-order transmittance at normal incidence through a square array of isosceles triangular holes perforated on a free-standing silver metal slab (P = 450nm, w = 320nm, l = 305nm and b = 225nm, with the geometry defined in the inset at the right). The incident electric field points either along the x-direction (solid red curve) or y-direction (dashed blue curve). An SEM image of the experimental sample is shown in the inset at the left.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Calculated zero-order transmission and reflection spectra (same parameters as in Fig.1), at normal incidence, with the field pointing along the x or y axis (See label). Panel (b) shows the absorption spectra, and the electric field amplitude |E| maps, at chosen wavelengths and the cross sections indicated by dashed lines. Panel (c) renders the dispersion relation for TWG modes, together with their |E| maps at cutoff and the sketch of their associated charge distribution. This panel also shows the dispersion relations for (i) the two lowest CPP modes of a triangular groove carved in silver (empty square symbols), (ii) SPPs of a flat silver surface (continuous black line) and (iii) the light cone (dashed line).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Color maps: Measured transmittance as a function of both frequency and parallel momentum of the incident light, for the system considered in Fig. 1. The different panels are for different orientations and tilt angles of the incident electric field: (a) y–pol, tilt around the x–axis, (b)x–pol, tilt around the x–axis, (c) y–pol, tilt around the y–axis and (d) x–pol, tilt around the y–axis. Circular symbols depict the corresponding FDTD band structure calculations for EM bound leaky modes of the array of triangular holes in a silver film. In this case, the initial E-field points either along the x-direction (panels (b) and (d)) or along the y direction (panels (a) and (c)). The arrows mark the spectral positions of the absorption peaks at normal incidence for each polarization (see Fig. 2(b)). The SPP dispersion relation is shown by the grey line.

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