Abstract

We investigate the nonlinearity of ultra-low loss Si3N4-core and SiO2-cladding rectangular waveguides. The nonlinearity is modeled using Maxwell’s wave equation with a small amount of refractive index perturbation. Effective n2 is used to describe the third-order nonlinearity, which is linearly proportional to the optical intensity. The effective n2 measured using continuous-wave self-phase modulation shows agreement with the theoretical calculation. The waveguide with 2.8-μm wide and 80-nm thick Si3N4 core has low loss and high power handling capability, with an effective n2 of about 9×10−16cm2/W.

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2008

2007

2006

H. Schmidt, M. Gupta, and M. Bruns, “Nitrogen diffusion in amorphous silicon nitride isotope multilayers probed by neutron reflectometry,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(5), 055901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005

A. Lamminpaa, T. Niemi, E. Ikonen, P. Marttila, and H. Ludvigsen, ““Effects of dispersion on nonlinearity measurement of optical fibers,” Opt. Fiber Technol,” Mater. Devices Syst. 11, 278–285 (2005).

1996

Agrawal, G. P.

Alic, N.

Boskovic, A.

Bruns, M.

H. Schmidt, M. Gupta, and M. Bruns, “Nitrogen diffusion in amorphous silicon nitride isotope multilayers probed by neutron reflectometry,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(5), 055901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chernikov, S. V.

Fainman, Y.

Fallahkhair, A. B.

Freude, W.

Grant, R. S.

R. S. Grant, “Effective non-linear coefficients of optical waveguides,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 28(9), 1161–1173 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Gruner-Nielsen, L.

Gupta, M.

H. Schmidt, M. Gupta, and M. Bruns, “Nitrogen diffusion in amorphous silicon nitride isotope multilayers probed by neutron reflectometry,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(5), 055901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ikeda, K.

Ikonen, E.

A. Lamminpaa, T. Niemi, E. Ikonen, P. Marttila, and H. Ludvigsen, ““Effects of dispersion on nonlinearity measurement of optical fibers,” Opt. Fiber Technol,” Mater. Devices Syst. 11, 278–285 (2005).

Jacome, L.

Koos, C.

Lamminpaa, A.

A. Lamminpaa, T. Niemi, E. Ikonen, P. Marttila, and H. Ludvigsen, ““Effects of dispersion on nonlinearity measurement of optical fibers,” Opt. Fiber Technol,” Mater. Devices Syst. 11, 278–285 (2005).

Leuthold, J.

Levring, O. A.

Li, K. S.

Lin, Q.

Ludvigsen, H.

A. Lamminpaa, T. Niemi, E. Ikonen, P. Marttila, and H. Ludvigsen, ““Effects of dispersion on nonlinearity measurement of optical fibers,” Opt. Fiber Technol,” Mater. Devices Syst. 11, 278–285 (2005).

Marttila, P.

A. Lamminpaa, T. Niemi, E. Ikonen, P. Marttila, and H. Ludvigsen, ““Effects of dispersion on nonlinearity measurement of optical fibers,” Opt. Fiber Technol,” Mater. Devices Syst. 11, 278–285 (2005).

Murphy, T. E.

Niemi, T.

A. Lamminpaa, T. Niemi, E. Ikonen, P. Marttila, and H. Ludvigsen, ““Effects of dispersion on nonlinearity measurement of optical fibers,” Opt. Fiber Technol,” Mater. Devices Syst. 11, 278–285 (2005).

Painter, O. J.

Poulton, C.

Saperstein, R. E.

Schmidt, H.

H. Schmidt, M. Gupta, and M. Bruns, “Nitrogen diffusion in amorphous silicon nitride isotope multilayers probed by neutron reflectometry,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(5), 055901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Taylor, J. R.

J. Lightwave Technol.

Mater. Devices Syst.

A. Lamminpaa, T. Niemi, E. Ikonen, P. Marttila, and H. Ludvigsen, ““Effects of dispersion on nonlinearity measurement of optical fibers,” Opt. Fiber Technol,” Mater. Devices Syst. 11, 278–285 (2005).

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Opt. Quantum Electron.

R. S. Grant, “Effective non-linear coefficients of optical waveguides,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 28(9), 1161–1173 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

H. Schmidt, M. Gupta, and M. Bruns, “Nitrogen diffusion in amorphous silicon nitride isotope multilayers probed by neutron reflectometry,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(5), 055901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

K. Okamoto, Fundamentals of optical waveguides (Academic Press, 2006).

J. F. Bauters, M. J. R. Heck, D. John, M.-C. Tien, A. Leinse, R. G. Heideman, D. J. Blumenthal, and J. Bowers, “Ultra-low loss silica-based waveguides with millimeter bend radius,” in ECOC(Torino, Italy, 2010).

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