Abstract

We demonstrate a novel passively pulsed all-Yb3+ all-fiber laser pumped by a continuous-wave 915-nm pump laser diode. The laser was saturable absorber Q-switched at 976 nm and gain-switched at 1064 nm, using the method of mode-field-area mismatch. With a pump power of 105 mW, the laser iteratively produced a 976-nm pulse with an energy of 2.8 μJ and a duration of 280 ns, followed by a 1064-nm pulse with 1.1 μJ and a 430-ns duration at a repetition rate of 9 kHz. A set of rate equations was established to simulate the self-balancing mechanism and the correlation between the Q- and gain-switched photon numbers and the populations of the gain and absorber fibers.

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  4. L. Pan, I. Utkin, and R. Fedosejevs, “Two-wavelength passively Q-switched ytterbium doped fiber laser,” Opt. Express 16(16), 11858–11870 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  6. D. Zalvidea, N. A. Russo, R. Duchowicz, M. Delgado-Pinar, A. Díez, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, “High repetition rate acoustic-induced Q-switched all-fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 244(1-6), 315–319 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. Delgado-Pinar, D. Zalvidea, A. Díez, P. Pérez-Millan, and M. V. Andrés, “Q-switching of an all-fiber laser by acousto-optic modulation of a fiber Bragg grating,” Opt. Express 14(3), 1106–1112 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  14. V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, and E. M. Dianov, “Yb-Bi pulsed fiber lasers,” Opt. Lett. 32(5), 451–453 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. T.-Y. Tsai, Y.-C. Fang, Z.-C. Lee, and H.-X. Tsao, “All-fiber passively Q-switched erbium laser using mismatch of mode field areas and a saturable-amplifier pump switch,” Opt. Lett. 34(19), 2891–2893 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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2010 (1)

2009 (3)

2008 (1)

2007 (3)

2006 (2)

M. Delgado-Pinar, D. Zalvidea, A. Díez, P. Pérez-Millan, and M. V. Andrés, “Q-switching of an all-fiber laser by acousto-optic modulation of a fiber Bragg grating,” Opt. Express 14(3), 1106–1112 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Laroche, H. Gilles, S. Girard, N. Passilly, and K. Aït-Ameur, “Nanosecond pulse generation in a passively Q-switched Yb-doped fiber laser by Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(6), 764–766 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

D. Zalvidea, N. A. Russo, R. Duchowicz, M. Delgado-Pinar, A. Díez, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, “High repetition rate acoustic-induced Q-switched all-fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 244(1-6), 315–319 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

L. Tordella, H. Dejellout, B. Dussardier, A. Saissy, and G. Monnom, “High repetition rate passively 
Q-switched Nd3+:Cr4+ all fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 39(18), 1307–1308 (2003).
[CrossRef]

P. Adel, M. Auerbach, C. Fallnich, S. Unger, H.-R. Müller, and J. Kirchhof, “Passive Q-switching by Tm3+co-doping of a Yb3+-fiber laser,” Opt. Express 11(21), 2730–2735 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (2)

J. A. Alvarez-Chavez, H. L. Offerhaus, J. Nilsson, P. W. Turner, W. A. Clarkson, and D. J. Richardson, “High-energy, high-power ytterbium-doped Q-switched fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 25(1), 37–39 (2000).
[CrossRef]

D. W. Huang, W. F. Liu, and C. C. Yang, “Q-switched all-fiber laser with an acoustically modulated fiber attenuator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12(9), 1153–1155 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Adel, P.

Aït-Ameur, K.

M. Laroche, H. Gilles, S. Girard, N. Passilly, and K. Aït-Ameur, “Nanosecond pulse generation in a passively Q-switched Yb-doped fiber laser by Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(6), 764–766 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Alvarez-Chavez, J. A.

Andrés, M. V.

M. Delgado-Pinar, D. Zalvidea, A. Díez, P. Pérez-Millan, and M. V. Andrés, “Q-switching of an all-fiber laser by acousto-optic modulation of a fiber Bragg grating,” Opt. Express 14(3), 1106–1112 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Zalvidea, N. A. Russo, R. Duchowicz, M. Delgado-Pinar, A. Díez, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, “High repetition rate acoustic-induced Q-switched all-fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 244(1-6), 315–319 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Auerbach, M.

Clarkson, W. A.

Cruz, J. L.

D. Zalvidea, N. A. Russo, R. Duchowicz, M. Delgado-Pinar, A. Díez, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, “High repetition rate acoustic-induced Q-switched all-fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 244(1-6), 315–319 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Dejellout, H.

L. Tordella, H. Dejellout, B. Dussardier, A. Saissy, and G. Monnom, “High repetition rate passively 
Q-switched Nd3+:Cr4+ all fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 39(18), 1307–1308 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Delgado-Pinar, M.

M. Delgado-Pinar, D. Zalvidea, A. Díez, P. Pérez-Millan, and M. V. Andrés, “Q-switching of an all-fiber laser by acousto-optic modulation of a fiber Bragg grating,” Opt. Express 14(3), 1106–1112 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Zalvidea, N. A. Russo, R. Duchowicz, M. Delgado-Pinar, A. Díez, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, “High repetition rate acoustic-induced Q-switched all-fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 244(1-6), 315–319 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Dianov, E. M.

Díez, A.

M. Delgado-Pinar, D. Zalvidea, A. Díez, P. Pérez-Millan, and M. V. Andrés, “Q-switching of an all-fiber laser by acousto-optic modulation of a fiber Bragg grating,” Opt. Express 14(3), 1106–1112 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Zalvidea, N. A. Russo, R. Duchowicz, M. Delgado-Pinar, A. Díez, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, “High repetition rate acoustic-induced Q-switched all-fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 244(1-6), 315–319 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Dong, J.

Duchowicz, R.

D. Zalvidea, N. A. Russo, R. Duchowicz, M. Delgado-Pinar, A. Díez, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, “High repetition rate acoustic-induced Q-switched all-fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 244(1-6), 315–319 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Dussardier, B.

L. Tordella, H. Dejellout, B. Dussardier, A. Saissy, and G. Monnom, “High repetition rate passively 
Q-switched Nd3+:Cr4+ all fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 39(18), 1307–1308 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Dvoyrin, V. V.

Fallnich, C.

Fang, Y.-C.

Fedosejevs, R.

Gilles, H.

M. Laroche, H. Gilles, S. Girard, N. Passilly, and K. Aït-Ameur, “Nanosecond pulse generation in a passively Q-switched Yb-doped fiber laser by Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(6), 764–766 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Girard, S.

M. Laroche, H. Gilles, S. Girard, N. Passilly, and K. Aït-Ameur, “Nanosecond pulse generation in a passively Q-switched Yb-doped fiber laser by Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(6), 764–766 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Huang, D. W.

D. W. Huang, W. F. Liu, and C. C. Yang, “Q-switched all-fiber laser with an acoustically modulated fiber attenuator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12(9), 1153–1155 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hung, S.-H.

Jackson, S. D.

Kirchhof, J.

Kurkov, A. S.

A. S. Kurkov, E. M. Sholokhov, and O. I. Medvedkov, “All fiber Yb-Ho pulsed laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(2), 135–138 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Laroche, M.

M. Laroche, H. Gilles, S. Girard, N. Passilly, and K. Aït-Ameur, “Nanosecond pulse generation in a passively Q-switched Yb-doped fiber laser by Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(6), 764–766 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lee, Z.-C.

Liu, W. F.

D. W. Huang, W. F. Liu, and C. C. Yang, “Q-switched all-fiber laser with an acoustically modulated fiber attenuator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12(9), 1153–1155 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lou, Q.

Mashinsky, V. M.

Medvedkov, O. I.

A. S. Kurkov, E. M. Sholokhov, and O. I. Medvedkov, “All fiber Yb-Ho pulsed laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(2), 135–138 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Monnom, G.

L. Tordella, H. Dejellout, B. Dussardier, A. Saissy, and G. Monnom, “High repetition rate passively 
Q-switched Nd3+:Cr4+ all fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 39(18), 1307–1308 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Müller, H.-R.

Nilsson, J.

Offerhaus, H. L.

Pan, L.

Passilly, N.

M. Laroche, H. Gilles, S. Girard, N. Passilly, and K. Aït-Ameur, “Nanosecond pulse generation in a passively Q-switched Yb-doped fiber laser by Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(6), 764–766 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Pérez-Millan, P.

Richardson, D. J.

Russo, N. A.

D. Zalvidea, N. A. Russo, R. Duchowicz, M. Delgado-Pinar, A. Díez, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, “High repetition rate acoustic-induced Q-switched all-fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 244(1-6), 315–319 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Saissy, A.

L. Tordella, H. Dejellout, B. Dussardier, A. Saissy, and G. Monnom, “High repetition rate passively 
Q-switched Nd3+:Cr4+ all fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 39(18), 1307–1308 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sholokhov, E. M.

A. S. Kurkov, E. M. Sholokhov, and O. I. Medvedkov, “All fiber Yb-Ho pulsed laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(2), 135–138 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tordella, L.

L. Tordella, H. Dejellout, B. Dussardier, A. Saissy, and G. Monnom, “High repetition rate passively 
Q-switched Nd3+:Cr4+ all fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 39(18), 1307–1308 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tsai, T.-Y.

Tsao, H.-X.

Turner, P. W.

Unger, S.

Utkin, I.

Wang, Z.

Wei, Y.

Yang, C. C.

D. W. Huang, W. F. Liu, and C. C. Yang, “Q-switched all-fiber laser with an acoustically modulated fiber attenuator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12(9), 1153–1155 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zalvidea, D.

M. Delgado-Pinar, D. Zalvidea, A. Díez, P. Pérez-Millan, and M. V. Andrés, “Q-switching of an all-fiber laser by acousto-optic modulation of a fiber Bragg grating,” Opt. Express 14(3), 1106–1112 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Zalvidea, N. A. Russo, R. Duchowicz, M. Delgado-Pinar, A. Díez, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, “High repetition rate acoustic-induced Q-switched all-fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 244(1-6), 315–319 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, F.

Zhao, H.

Zhou, J.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Electron. Lett. (1)

L. Tordella, H. Dejellout, B. Dussardier, A. Saissy, and G. Monnom, “High repetition rate passively 
Q-switched Nd3+:Cr4+ all fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 39(18), 1307–1308 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

M. Laroche, H. Gilles, S. Girard, N. Passilly, and K. Aït-Ameur, “Nanosecond pulse generation in a passively Q-switched Yb-doped fiber laser by Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(6), 764–766 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. W. Huang, W. F. Liu, and C. C. Yang, “Q-switched all-fiber laser with an acoustically modulated fiber attenuator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12(9), 1153–1155 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

A. S. Kurkov, E. M. Sholokhov, and O. I. Medvedkov, “All fiber Yb-Ho pulsed laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(2), 135–138 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

D. Zalvidea, N. A. Russo, R. Duchowicz, M. Delgado-Pinar, A. Díez, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, “High repetition rate acoustic-induced Q-switched all-fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 244(1-6), 315–319 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Other (2)

A. Siegman, “Passive Saturable Absorber Q-switching,” in Lasers (University Science Books, 1986), Chap. 26.3, pp. 1024–1033.

A. A. Fotiadi, A. S. Kurkov, and I. M. Razdobreev, “All-fiber passively Q-switched Ytterbium laser,” 2005 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe, p. 515.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic design of a self-balancing passively Q- and gain-switched all-Yb3+ all-fiber laser.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

The manifolds of the 2F5/2 and 2F7/2 levels of Yb3+ fibers, and the correlation between the gain fiber Q-switched at 976 nm and the SAQS fiber gain-switched at 1064 nm (or 1 to 1.1 μm).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Sequentially saturable absorber Q-switched pulses (signal above) and gain-switched pulses simultaneously detected and monitored on an oscilloscope. (b) Single pulsing of 976 and 1064 nm observed in a minor scale. The time spacing between the 976- and 1064-nm pulses was 1.1 μs with a standard deviation of 0.04 μs.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Normalized 976-nm pulse repetition rate, pulse energy and width relative to the applied CW pump power. (b) Normalized time spacing (ΔTs ) between the pulses of 976 and 1064 nm, 1064-nm pulse energy and width relative to the CW pump power.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Normalized Na , Ng and output Q-switched pulses of 976 nm and gain-switched pulses of 1064 nm. Na is normalized by NaT , Ng by the threshold Ngth , and the pulses by the maximum peak power (i.e., the first Q-switched pulse power). (b) The performance in a minor time scale. The pulses of 976 and 1064 nm have energies of 2.7 and 1.2 μJ and pulse widths of 135 and 348 ns, respectively.

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

d n 1 d t = ( K g N g K a N a α 1 ) × n 1 ,
d n 2 d t = ( K g 2 N g s α 2 ) × n 2 ,
d N g d t = R p N g + ( p g 1 ) N g T τ 2 p g K g n 1 N g ,
d N a d t = N a T N a τ 2 p a ( K a n 1 N a K g 2 n 2 N g s ) .
N g s = 1 p a ( ( 1 σ a 2 σ e 1 σ e 2 σ a 1 ) N T ( 1 + σ a 2 σ e 2 ) N a ) .

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