Abstract

The influence of ligand substitution on the photochromic properties of [Ru(bpy)2(OSOR)]∙PF6 compounds (bpy = 2,2'-bipyridine, OSO = 2-methylsulfinylbenzoate) dissolved in propylene carbonate is studied by UV/VIS laser-spectroscopy as a function of temperature and exposure. The group R is either Bn (CH2C6H5), BnCl or BnMe. The photochromic properties originate from a phototriggered linkage isomerization located at the SO ligand. It is shown that the thermal stability of the studied compounds can be varied by ligand substitution in the range of 1.6 × 103 s to 3.9 × 104 s. In contrast, absorption spectra of ground and metastable states as well as the characteristic exposure of the photochromic response remain unchanged. The results are explained in the frame of photoinduced linkage isomerization located at the SO ligand.

© 2010 OSA

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. M. Irie, “Diarylethenes for memories and switches,” Chem. Rev. 100(5), 1685–1716 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  2. F. M. Raymo and M. Tomasulo, “Optical processing with photochromic switches,” Chemistry 12(12), 3186–3193 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. S. D. Straight, P. A. Liddell, Y. Terazono, T. A. Moore, A. L. Moore, and D. Gust, “All-photonic molecular XOR and NOR logic gates based on photochemical control of fluorescence in a fulgimide-porphyrin-dithienylethene triad,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 17(5), 777–785 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  4. Th. Woike, S. Haussühl, B. Sugg, R. A. Rupp, J. Beckers, M. Imlau, and R. Schieder, “Phase gratings in the visible and near-infrared spectral range realized by metastable electronic states in Na2[Fe(CN)5NO]∙2H2O,” Appl. Phys. B 63, 243–248 (1996).
  5. M. Imlau, S. Haussühl, Th. Woike, R. Schieder, V. Angelov, R. A. Rupp, and K. Schwarz, “Holographic recording by excitation of metastable electronic states in Na2[Fe(CN)5NO]∙2H2O: a new photorefractive effect,” Appl. Phys. B 68(5), 877–885 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  6. P. Gütlich, Y. Garcia, and Th. Woike, “Photoswitchable coordination compounds,” Coord. Chem. Rev. 219-221, 839–879 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. J. Rack, “Electron transfer triggered sulfoxide isomerization in ruthenium and osmium complexes,” Coord. Chem. Rev. 253(1-2), 78–85 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  8. D. Schaniel, M. Imlau, T. Weisemoeller, Th. Woike, K. W. Krämer, and H. U. Güdel, “Photoinduced Nitrosyl Linkage Isomers Uncover a Variety of Unconventional Photorefractive Media,” Adv. Mater. 19(5), 723–726 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  9. H. Giglmeier, T. Kerscher, P. Klüfers, D. Schaniel, and Th. Woike, “Nitric-oxide photorelease and photoinduced linkage isomerism on solid [Ru(NO)(terpy)(L)]BPh4 (L = glycolate dianion),” Dalton Trans. (42): 9113–9116 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  10. D. Schaniel, Th. Woike, C. Merschjann, and M. Imlau, “Transient kinetics of light-induced metastable states in single crystals and aqueous solutions of Na2[Fe(CN)5NO]∙2H2O,” Phys. Rev. B 72(19), 195119 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  11. A. Schuy, Th. Woike, and D. Schaniel, “Photoisomerisation in single molecules of nitroprusside embedded in mesopores of xerogels,” J. Sol-Gel Sci. Technol. 50(3), 403–408 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  12. A. A. Eroy-Reveles, Y. Leung, and P. K. Mascharak, “Release of nitric oxide from a sol-gel hybrid material containing a photoactive manganese nitrosyl upon illumination with visible light,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128(22), 7166–7167 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. V. Dieckmann, M. Imlau, D. H. Taffa, L. Walder, R. Lepski, D. Schaniel, and Th. Woike, “Phototriggered NO and CN release from [Fe(CN)5NO]2- molecules electrostatically attached to TiO2 surfaces,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 12(13), 3283–3288 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. V. Dieckmann, S. Eicke, J. J. Rack, Th. Woike, and M. Imlau, “Pronounced photosensitivity of molecular [Ru(bpy)2(OSO)]+ solutions based on two photoinduced linkage isomers,” Opt. Express 17(17), 15052–15060 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. D. P. Butcher, A. A. Rachford, J. L. Petersen, and J. J. Rack, “Phototriggered S → O isomerization of a ruthenium-bound chelating sulfoxide,” Inorg. Chem. 45(23), 9178–9180 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. B. A. McClure, N. V. Mockus, D. P. Butcher, D. A. Lutterman, C. Turro, J. L. Petersen, and J. J. Rack, “Photochromic ruthenium sulfoxide complexes: evidence for isomerization through a conical intersection,” Inorg. Chem. 48(17), 8084–8091 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. B. A. McClure, E. R. Abrams, and J. J. Rack, “Excited state distortion in photochromic ruthenium sulfoxide complexes,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132(15), 5428–5436 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. B. L. Porter, B. A. McClure, E. R. Abrams, J. T. Engle, C. J. Ziegler, and J. J. Rack, “Isomerization in an Analogous Set of Ruthenium Sulfoxide Complexes,” J. Photochem. Photobiol. A submitted.
  19. M. J. Root and E. Deutsch, “Synthesis and Characterization of (Bipyridine)(terpyridine)(chalcogenoether)ruthenium(II) Complexes - Kinetics and Mechanism of the Hydrogen Peroxide Oxidation of [(bpy)(tpy)RuS(CH3)2]2+ to [(bpy)(tpy)RuS(O)(CH3)2]2+. Kinetics of the Aquation of [(bpy)(tpy)RuS(O)(CH3)2]2+,” Inorg. Chem. 24(10), 1464–1471 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  20. D. Schaniel and Th. Woike, “Necessary conditions for the photogeneration of nitrosyl linkage isomers,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 11(21), 4391–4395 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. J. J. Rack, A. A. Rachford, and A. M. Shelker, “Turning off phototriggered linkage isomerizations in ruthenium dimethyl sulfoxide complexes,” Inorg. Chem. 42(23), 7357–7359 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. B. A. McClure and J. J. Rack, “Two-color reversible switching in a photochromic ruthenium sulfoxide complex,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 48(45), 8556–8558 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010

V. Dieckmann, M. Imlau, D. H. Taffa, L. Walder, R. Lepski, D. Schaniel, and Th. Woike, “Phototriggered NO and CN release from [Fe(CN)5NO]2- molecules electrostatically attached to TiO2 surfaces,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 12(13), 3283–3288 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. A. McClure, E. R. Abrams, and J. J. Rack, “Excited state distortion in photochromic ruthenium sulfoxide complexes,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132(15), 5428–5436 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009

H. Giglmeier, T. Kerscher, P. Klüfers, D. Schaniel, and Th. Woike, “Nitric-oxide photorelease and photoinduced linkage isomerism on solid [Ru(NO)(terpy)(L)]BPh4 (L = glycolate dianion),” Dalton Trans. (42): 9113–9116 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Schuy, Th. Woike, and D. Schaniel, “Photoisomerisation in single molecules of nitroprusside embedded in mesopores of xerogels,” J. Sol-Gel Sci. Technol. 50(3), 403–408 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Rack, “Electron transfer triggered sulfoxide isomerization in ruthenium and osmium complexes,” Coord. Chem. Rev. 253(1-2), 78–85 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D. Schaniel and Th. Woike, “Necessary conditions for the photogeneration of nitrosyl linkage isomers,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 11(21), 4391–4395 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. A. McClure and J. J. Rack, “Two-color reversible switching in a photochromic ruthenium sulfoxide complex,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 48(45), 8556–8558 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Dieckmann, S. Eicke, J. J. Rack, Th. Woike, and M. Imlau, “Pronounced photosensitivity of molecular [Ru(bpy)2(OSO)]+ solutions based on two photoinduced linkage isomers,” Opt. Express 17(17), 15052–15060 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. A. McClure, N. V. Mockus, D. P. Butcher, D. A. Lutterman, C. Turro, J. L. Petersen, and J. J. Rack, “Photochromic ruthenium sulfoxide complexes: evidence for isomerization through a conical intersection,” Inorg. Chem. 48(17), 8084–8091 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007

D. Schaniel, M. Imlau, T. Weisemoeller, Th. Woike, K. W. Krämer, and H. U. Güdel, “Photoinduced Nitrosyl Linkage Isomers Uncover a Variety of Unconventional Photorefractive Media,” Adv. Mater. 19(5), 723–726 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. D. Straight, P. A. Liddell, Y. Terazono, T. A. Moore, A. L. Moore, and D. Gust, “All-photonic molecular XOR and NOR logic gates based on photochemical control of fluorescence in a fulgimide-porphyrin-dithienylethene triad,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 17(5), 777–785 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

F. M. Raymo and M. Tomasulo, “Optical processing with photochromic switches,” Chemistry 12(12), 3186–3193 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. A. Eroy-Reveles, Y. Leung, and P. K. Mascharak, “Release of nitric oxide from a sol-gel hybrid material containing a photoactive manganese nitrosyl upon illumination with visible light,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128(22), 7166–7167 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. P. Butcher, A. A. Rachford, J. L. Petersen, and J. J. Rack, “Phototriggered S → O isomerization of a ruthenium-bound chelating sulfoxide,” Inorg. Chem. 45(23), 9178–9180 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005

D. Schaniel, Th. Woike, C. Merschjann, and M. Imlau, “Transient kinetics of light-induced metastable states in single crystals and aqueous solutions of Na2[Fe(CN)5NO]∙2H2O,” Phys. Rev. B 72(19), 195119 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003

J. J. Rack, A. A. Rachford, and A. M. Shelker, “Turning off phototriggered linkage isomerizations in ruthenium dimethyl sulfoxide complexes,” Inorg. Chem. 42(23), 7357–7359 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001

P. Gütlich, Y. Garcia, and Th. Woike, “Photoswitchable coordination compounds,” Coord. Chem. Rev. 219-221, 839–879 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

M. Irie, “Diarylethenes for memories and switches,” Chem. Rev. 100(5), 1685–1716 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

M. Imlau, S. Haussühl, Th. Woike, R. Schieder, V. Angelov, R. A. Rupp, and K. Schwarz, “Holographic recording by excitation of metastable electronic states in Na2[Fe(CN)5NO]∙2H2O: a new photorefractive effect,” Appl. Phys. B 68(5), 877–885 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1996

Th. Woike, S. Haussühl, B. Sugg, R. A. Rupp, J. Beckers, M. Imlau, and R. Schieder, “Phase gratings in the visible and near-infrared spectral range realized by metastable electronic states in Na2[Fe(CN)5NO]∙2H2O,” Appl. Phys. B 63, 243–248 (1996).

1985

M. J. Root and E. Deutsch, “Synthesis and Characterization of (Bipyridine)(terpyridine)(chalcogenoether)ruthenium(II) Complexes - Kinetics and Mechanism of the Hydrogen Peroxide Oxidation of [(bpy)(tpy)RuS(CH3)2]2+ to [(bpy)(tpy)RuS(O)(CH3)2]2+. Kinetics of the Aquation of [(bpy)(tpy)RuS(O)(CH3)2]2+,” Inorg. Chem. 24(10), 1464–1471 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Abrams, E. R.

B. A. McClure, E. R. Abrams, and J. J. Rack, “Excited state distortion in photochromic ruthenium sulfoxide complexes,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132(15), 5428–5436 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. L. Porter, B. A. McClure, E. R. Abrams, J. T. Engle, C. J. Ziegler, and J. J. Rack, “Isomerization in an Analogous Set of Ruthenium Sulfoxide Complexes,” J. Photochem. Photobiol. A submitted.

Angelov, V.

M. Imlau, S. Haussühl, Th. Woike, R. Schieder, V. Angelov, R. A. Rupp, and K. Schwarz, “Holographic recording by excitation of metastable electronic states in Na2[Fe(CN)5NO]∙2H2O: a new photorefractive effect,” Appl. Phys. B 68(5), 877–885 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Beckers, J.

Th. Woike, S. Haussühl, B. Sugg, R. A. Rupp, J. Beckers, M. Imlau, and R. Schieder, “Phase gratings in the visible and near-infrared spectral range realized by metastable electronic states in Na2[Fe(CN)5NO]∙2H2O,” Appl. Phys. B 63, 243–248 (1996).

Butcher, D. P.

B. A. McClure, N. V. Mockus, D. P. Butcher, D. A. Lutterman, C. Turro, J. L. Petersen, and J. J. Rack, “Photochromic ruthenium sulfoxide complexes: evidence for isomerization through a conical intersection,” Inorg. Chem. 48(17), 8084–8091 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. P. Butcher, A. A. Rachford, J. L. Petersen, and J. J. Rack, “Phototriggered S → O isomerization of a ruthenium-bound chelating sulfoxide,” Inorg. Chem. 45(23), 9178–9180 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Deutsch, E.

M. J. Root and E. Deutsch, “Synthesis and Characterization of (Bipyridine)(terpyridine)(chalcogenoether)ruthenium(II) Complexes - Kinetics and Mechanism of the Hydrogen Peroxide Oxidation of [(bpy)(tpy)RuS(CH3)2]2+ to [(bpy)(tpy)RuS(O)(CH3)2]2+. Kinetics of the Aquation of [(bpy)(tpy)RuS(O)(CH3)2]2+,” Inorg. Chem. 24(10), 1464–1471 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Dieckmann, V.

V. Dieckmann, M. Imlau, D. H. Taffa, L. Walder, R. Lepski, D. Schaniel, and Th. Woike, “Phototriggered NO and CN release from [Fe(CN)5NO]2- molecules electrostatically attached to TiO2 surfaces,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 12(13), 3283–3288 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Dieckmann, S. Eicke, J. J. Rack, Th. Woike, and M. Imlau, “Pronounced photosensitivity of molecular [Ru(bpy)2(OSO)]+ solutions based on two photoinduced linkage isomers,” Opt. Express 17(17), 15052–15060 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eicke, S.

Engle, J. T.

B. L. Porter, B. A. McClure, E. R. Abrams, J. T. Engle, C. J. Ziegler, and J. J. Rack, “Isomerization in an Analogous Set of Ruthenium Sulfoxide Complexes,” J. Photochem. Photobiol. A submitted.

Eroy-Reveles, A. A.

A. A. Eroy-Reveles, Y. Leung, and P. K. Mascharak, “Release of nitric oxide from a sol-gel hybrid material containing a photoactive manganese nitrosyl upon illumination with visible light,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128(22), 7166–7167 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Garcia, Y.

P. Gütlich, Y. Garcia, and Th. Woike, “Photoswitchable coordination compounds,” Coord. Chem. Rev. 219-221, 839–879 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Giglmeier, H.

H. Giglmeier, T. Kerscher, P. Klüfers, D. Schaniel, and Th. Woike, “Nitric-oxide photorelease and photoinduced linkage isomerism on solid [Ru(NO)(terpy)(L)]BPh4 (L = glycolate dianion),” Dalton Trans. (42): 9113–9116 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Güdel, H. U.

D. Schaniel, M. Imlau, T. Weisemoeller, Th. Woike, K. W. Krämer, and H. U. Güdel, “Photoinduced Nitrosyl Linkage Isomers Uncover a Variety of Unconventional Photorefractive Media,” Adv. Mater. 19(5), 723–726 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gust, D.

S. D. Straight, P. A. Liddell, Y. Terazono, T. A. Moore, A. L. Moore, and D. Gust, “All-photonic molecular XOR and NOR logic gates based on photochemical control of fluorescence in a fulgimide-porphyrin-dithienylethene triad,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 17(5), 777–785 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gütlich, P.

P. Gütlich, Y. Garcia, and Th. Woike, “Photoswitchable coordination compounds,” Coord. Chem. Rev. 219-221, 839–879 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Haussühl, S.

M. Imlau, S. Haussühl, Th. Woike, R. Schieder, V. Angelov, R. A. Rupp, and K. Schwarz, “Holographic recording by excitation of metastable electronic states in Na2[Fe(CN)5NO]∙2H2O: a new photorefractive effect,” Appl. Phys. B 68(5), 877–885 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Th. Woike, S. Haussühl, B. Sugg, R. A. Rupp, J. Beckers, M. Imlau, and R. Schieder, “Phase gratings in the visible and near-infrared spectral range realized by metastable electronic states in Na2[Fe(CN)5NO]∙2H2O,” Appl. Phys. B 63, 243–248 (1996).

Imlau, M.

V. Dieckmann, M. Imlau, D. H. Taffa, L. Walder, R. Lepski, D. Schaniel, and Th. Woike, “Phototriggered NO and CN release from [Fe(CN)5NO]2- molecules electrostatically attached to TiO2 surfaces,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 12(13), 3283–3288 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Dieckmann, S. Eicke, J. J. Rack, Th. Woike, and M. Imlau, “Pronounced photosensitivity of molecular [Ru(bpy)2(OSO)]+ solutions based on two photoinduced linkage isomers,” Opt. Express 17(17), 15052–15060 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Schaniel, M. Imlau, T. Weisemoeller, Th. Woike, K. W. Krämer, and H. U. Güdel, “Photoinduced Nitrosyl Linkage Isomers Uncover a Variety of Unconventional Photorefractive Media,” Adv. Mater. 19(5), 723–726 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Schaniel, Th. Woike, C. Merschjann, and M. Imlau, “Transient kinetics of light-induced metastable states in single crystals and aqueous solutions of Na2[Fe(CN)5NO]∙2H2O,” Phys. Rev. B 72(19), 195119 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Imlau, S. Haussühl, Th. Woike, R. Schieder, V. Angelov, R. A. Rupp, and K. Schwarz, “Holographic recording by excitation of metastable electronic states in Na2[Fe(CN)5NO]∙2H2O: a new photorefractive effect,” Appl. Phys. B 68(5), 877–885 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Th. Woike, S. Haussühl, B. Sugg, R. A. Rupp, J. Beckers, M. Imlau, and R. Schieder, “Phase gratings in the visible and near-infrared spectral range realized by metastable electronic states in Na2[Fe(CN)5NO]∙2H2O,” Appl. Phys. B 63, 243–248 (1996).

Irie, M.

M. Irie, “Diarylethenes for memories and switches,” Chem. Rev. 100(5), 1685–1716 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kerscher, T.

H. Giglmeier, T. Kerscher, P. Klüfers, D. Schaniel, and Th. Woike, “Nitric-oxide photorelease and photoinduced linkage isomerism on solid [Ru(NO)(terpy)(L)]BPh4 (L = glycolate dianion),” Dalton Trans. (42): 9113–9116 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Klüfers, P.

H. Giglmeier, T. Kerscher, P. Klüfers, D. Schaniel, and Th. Woike, “Nitric-oxide photorelease and photoinduced linkage isomerism on solid [Ru(NO)(terpy)(L)]BPh4 (L = glycolate dianion),” Dalton Trans. (42): 9113–9116 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Krämer, K. W.

D. Schaniel, M. Imlau, T. Weisemoeller, Th. Woike, K. W. Krämer, and H. U. Güdel, “Photoinduced Nitrosyl Linkage Isomers Uncover a Variety of Unconventional Photorefractive Media,” Adv. Mater. 19(5), 723–726 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lepski, R.

V. Dieckmann, M. Imlau, D. H. Taffa, L. Walder, R. Lepski, D. Schaniel, and Th. Woike, “Phototriggered NO and CN release from [Fe(CN)5NO]2- molecules electrostatically attached to TiO2 surfaces,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 12(13), 3283–3288 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Leung, Y.

A. A. Eroy-Reveles, Y. Leung, and P. K. Mascharak, “Release of nitric oxide from a sol-gel hybrid material containing a photoactive manganese nitrosyl upon illumination with visible light,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128(22), 7166–7167 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liddell, P. A.

S. D. Straight, P. A. Liddell, Y. Terazono, T. A. Moore, A. L. Moore, and D. Gust, “All-photonic molecular XOR and NOR logic gates based on photochemical control of fluorescence in a fulgimide-porphyrin-dithienylethene triad,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 17(5), 777–785 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lutterman, D. A.

B. A. McClure, N. V. Mockus, D. P. Butcher, D. A. Lutterman, C. Turro, J. L. Petersen, and J. J. Rack, “Photochromic ruthenium sulfoxide complexes: evidence for isomerization through a conical intersection,” Inorg. Chem. 48(17), 8084–8091 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mascharak, P. K.

A. A. Eroy-Reveles, Y. Leung, and P. K. Mascharak, “Release of nitric oxide from a sol-gel hybrid material containing a photoactive manganese nitrosyl upon illumination with visible light,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128(22), 7166–7167 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

McClure, B. A.

B. A. McClure, E. R. Abrams, and J. J. Rack, “Excited state distortion in photochromic ruthenium sulfoxide complexes,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132(15), 5428–5436 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. A. McClure, N. V. Mockus, D. P. Butcher, D. A. Lutterman, C. Turro, J. L. Petersen, and J. J. Rack, “Photochromic ruthenium sulfoxide complexes: evidence for isomerization through a conical intersection,” Inorg. Chem. 48(17), 8084–8091 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. A. McClure and J. J. Rack, “Two-color reversible switching in a photochromic ruthenium sulfoxide complex,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 48(45), 8556–8558 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. L. Porter, B. A. McClure, E. R. Abrams, J. T. Engle, C. J. Ziegler, and J. J. Rack, “Isomerization in an Analogous Set of Ruthenium Sulfoxide Complexes,” J. Photochem. Photobiol. A submitted.

Merschjann, C.

D. Schaniel, Th. Woike, C. Merschjann, and M. Imlau, “Transient kinetics of light-induced metastable states in single crystals and aqueous solutions of Na2[Fe(CN)5NO]∙2H2O,” Phys. Rev. B 72(19), 195119 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mockus, N. V.

B. A. McClure, N. V. Mockus, D. P. Butcher, D. A. Lutterman, C. Turro, J. L. Petersen, and J. J. Rack, “Photochromic ruthenium sulfoxide complexes: evidence for isomerization through a conical intersection,” Inorg. Chem. 48(17), 8084–8091 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Moore, A. L.

S. D. Straight, P. A. Liddell, Y. Terazono, T. A. Moore, A. L. Moore, and D. Gust, “All-photonic molecular XOR and NOR logic gates based on photochemical control of fluorescence in a fulgimide-porphyrin-dithienylethene triad,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 17(5), 777–785 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Moore, T. A.

S. D. Straight, P. A. Liddell, Y. Terazono, T. A. Moore, A. L. Moore, and D. Gust, “All-photonic molecular XOR and NOR logic gates based on photochemical control of fluorescence in a fulgimide-porphyrin-dithienylethene triad,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 17(5), 777–785 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Petersen, J. L.

B. A. McClure, N. V. Mockus, D. P. Butcher, D. A. Lutterman, C. Turro, J. L. Petersen, and J. J. Rack, “Photochromic ruthenium sulfoxide complexes: evidence for isomerization through a conical intersection,” Inorg. Chem. 48(17), 8084–8091 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. P. Butcher, A. A. Rachford, J. L. Petersen, and J. J. Rack, “Phototriggered S → O isomerization of a ruthenium-bound chelating sulfoxide,” Inorg. Chem. 45(23), 9178–9180 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Porter, B. L.

B. L. Porter, B. A. McClure, E. R. Abrams, J. T. Engle, C. J. Ziegler, and J. J. Rack, “Isomerization in an Analogous Set of Ruthenium Sulfoxide Complexes,” J. Photochem. Photobiol. A submitted.

Rachford, A. A.

D. P. Butcher, A. A. Rachford, J. L. Petersen, and J. J. Rack, “Phototriggered S → O isomerization of a ruthenium-bound chelating sulfoxide,” Inorg. Chem. 45(23), 9178–9180 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. J. Rack, A. A. Rachford, and A. M. Shelker, “Turning off phototriggered linkage isomerizations in ruthenium dimethyl sulfoxide complexes,” Inorg. Chem. 42(23), 7357–7359 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rack, J. J.

B. A. McClure, E. R. Abrams, and J. J. Rack, “Excited state distortion in photochromic ruthenium sulfoxide complexes,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132(15), 5428–5436 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. J. Rack, “Electron transfer triggered sulfoxide isomerization in ruthenium and osmium complexes,” Coord. Chem. Rev. 253(1-2), 78–85 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. A. McClure and J. J. Rack, “Two-color reversible switching in a photochromic ruthenium sulfoxide complex,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 48(45), 8556–8558 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. A. McClure, N. V. Mockus, D. P. Butcher, D. A. Lutterman, C. Turro, J. L. Petersen, and J. J. Rack, “Photochromic ruthenium sulfoxide complexes: evidence for isomerization through a conical intersection,” Inorg. Chem. 48(17), 8084–8091 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Dieckmann, S. Eicke, J. J. Rack, Th. Woike, and M. Imlau, “Pronounced photosensitivity of molecular [Ru(bpy)2(OSO)]+ solutions based on two photoinduced linkage isomers,” Opt. Express 17(17), 15052–15060 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. P. Butcher, A. A. Rachford, J. L. Petersen, and J. J. Rack, “Phototriggered S → O isomerization of a ruthenium-bound chelating sulfoxide,” Inorg. Chem. 45(23), 9178–9180 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. J. Rack, A. A. Rachford, and A. M. Shelker, “Turning off phototriggered linkage isomerizations in ruthenium dimethyl sulfoxide complexes,” Inorg. Chem. 42(23), 7357–7359 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. L. Porter, B. A. McClure, E. R. Abrams, J. T. Engle, C. J. Ziegler, and J. J. Rack, “Isomerization in an Analogous Set of Ruthenium Sulfoxide Complexes,” J. Photochem. Photobiol. A submitted.

Raymo, F. M.

F. M. Raymo and M. Tomasulo, “Optical processing with photochromic switches,” Chemistry 12(12), 3186–3193 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Root, M. J.

M. J. Root and E. Deutsch, “Synthesis and Characterization of (Bipyridine)(terpyridine)(chalcogenoether)ruthenium(II) Complexes - Kinetics and Mechanism of the Hydrogen Peroxide Oxidation of [(bpy)(tpy)RuS(CH3)2]2+ to [(bpy)(tpy)RuS(O)(CH3)2]2+. Kinetics of the Aquation of [(bpy)(tpy)RuS(O)(CH3)2]2+,” Inorg. Chem. 24(10), 1464–1471 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Rupp, R. A.

M. Imlau, S. Haussühl, Th. Woike, R. Schieder, V. Angelov, R. A. Rupp, and K. Schwarz, “Holographic recording by excitation of metastable electronic states in Na2[Fe(CN)5NO]∙2H2O: a new photorefractive effect,” Appl. Phys. B 68(5), 877–885 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Th. Woike, S. Haussühl, B. Sugg, R. A. Rupp, J. Beckers, M. Imlau, and R. Schieder, “Phase gratings in the visible and near-infrared spectral range realized by metastable electronic states in Na2[Fe(CN)5NO]∙2H2O,” Appl. Phys. B 63, 243–248 (1996).

Schaniel, D.

V. Dieckmann, M. Imlau, D. H. Taffa, L. Walder, R. Lepski, D. Schaniel, and Th. Woike, “Phototriggered NO and CN release from [Fe(CN)5NO]2- molecules electrostatically attached to TiO2 surfaces,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 12(13), 3283–3288 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Schuy, Th. Woike, and D. Schaniel, “Photoisomerisation in single molecules of nitroprusside embedded in mesopores of xerogels,” J. Sol-Gel Sci. Technol. 50(3), 403–408 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Giglmeier, T. Kerscher, P. Klüfers, D. Schaniel, and Th. Woike, “Nitric-oxide photorelease and photoinduced linkage isomerism on solid [Ru(NO)(terpy)(L)]BPh4 (L = glycolate dianion),” Dalton Trans. (42): 9113–9116 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D. Schaniel and Th. Woike, “Necessary conditions for the photogeneration of nitrosyl linkage isomers,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 11(21), 4391–4395 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Schaniel, M. Imlau, T. Weisemoeller, Th. Woike, K. W. Krämer, and H. U. Güdel, “Photoinduced Nitrosyl Linkage Isomers Uncover a Variety of Unconventional Photorefractive Media,” Adv. Mater. 19(5), 723–726 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Schaniel, Th. Woike, C. Merschjann, and M. Imlau, “Transient kinetics of light-induced metastable states in single crystals and aqueous solutions of Na2[Fe(CN)5NO]∙2H2O,” Phys. Rev. B 72(19), 195119 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Schieder, R.

M. Imlau, S. Haussühl, Th. Woike, R. Schieder, V. Angelov, R. A. Rupp, and K. Schwarz, “Holographic recording by excitation of metastable electronic states in Na2[Fe(CN)5NO]∙2H2O: a new photorefractive effect,” Appl. Phys. B 68(5), 877–885 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Th. Woike, S. Haussühl, B. Sugg, R. A. Rupp, J. Beckers, M. Imlau, and R. Schieder, “Phase gratings in the visible and near-infrared spectral range realized by metastable electronic states in Na2[Fe(CN)5NO]∙2H2O,” Appl. Phys. B 63, 243–248 (1996).

Schuy, A.

A. Schuy, Th. Woike, and D. Schaniel, “Photoisomerisation in single molecules of nitroprusside embedded in mesopores of xerogels,” J. Sol-Gel Sci. Technol. 50(3), 403–408 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Schwarz, K.

M. Imlau, S. Haussühl, Th. Woike, R. Schieder, V. Angelov, R. A. Rupp, and K. Schwarz, “Holographic recording by excitation of metastable electronic states in Na2[Fe(CN)5NO]∙2H2O: a new photorefractive effect,” Appl. Phys. B 68(5), 877–885 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Shelker, A. M.

J. J. Rack, A. A. Rachford, and A. M. Shelker, “Turning off phototriggered linkage isomerizations in ruthenium dimethyl sulfoxide complexes,” Inorg. Chem. 42(23), 7357–7359 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Straight, S. D.

S. D. Straight, P. A. Liddell, Y. Terazono, T. A. Moore, A. L. Moore, and D. Gust, “All-photonic molecular XOR and NOR logic gates based on photochemical control of fluorescence in a fulgimide-porphyrin-dithienylethene triad,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 17(5), 777–785 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sugg, B.

Th. Woike, S. Haussühl, B. Sugg, R. A. Rupp, J. Beckers, M. Imlau, and R. Schieder, “Phase gratings in the visible and near-infrared spectral range realized by metastable electronic states in Na2[Fe(CN)5NO]∙2H2O,” Appl. Phys. B 63, 243–248 (1996).

Taffa, D. H.

V. Dieckmann, M. Imlau, D. H. Taffa, L. Walder, R. Lepski, D. Schaniel, and Th. Woike, “Phototriggered NO and CN release from [Fe(CN)5NO]2- molecules electrostatically attached to TiO2 surfaces,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 12(13), 3283–3288 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Terazono, Y.

S. D. Straight, P. A. Liddell, Y. Terazono, T. A. Moore, A. L. Moore, and D. Gust, “All-photonic molecular XOR and NOR logic gates based on photochemical control of fluorescence in a fulgimide-porphyrin-dithienylethene triad,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 17(5), 777–785 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tomasulo, M.

F. M. Raymo and M. Tomasulo, “Optical processing with photochromic switches,” Chemistry 12(12), 3186–3193 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Turro, C.

B. A. McClure, N. V. Mockus, D. P. Butcher, D. A. Lutterman, C. Turro, J. L. Petersen, and J. J. Rack, “Photochromic ruthenium sulfoxide complexes: evidence for isomerization through a conical intersection,” Inorg. Chem. 48(17), 8084–8091 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Walder, L.

V. Dieckmann, M. Imlau, D. H. Taffa, L. Walder, R. Lepski, D. Schaniel, and Th. Woike, “Phototriggered NO and CN release from [Fe(CN)5NO]2- molecules electrostatically attached to TiO2 surfaces,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 12(13), 3283–3288 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weisemoeller, T.

D. Schaniel, M. Imlau, T. Weisemoeller, Th. Woike, K. W. Krämer, and H. U. Güdel, “Photoinduced Nitrosyl Linkage Isomers Uncover a Variety of Unconventional Photorefractive Media,” Adv. Mater. 19(5), 723–726 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Woike, Th.

V. Dieckmann, M. Imlau, D. H. Taffa, L. Walder, R. Lepski, D. Schaniel, and Th. Woike, “Phototriggered NO and CN release from [Fe(CN)5NO]2- molecules electrostatically attached to TiO2 surfaces,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 12(13), 3283–3288 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Schuy, Th. Woike, and D. Schaniel, “Photoisomerisation in single molecules of nitroprusside embedded in mesopores of xerogels,” J. Sol-Gel Sci. Technol. 50(3), 403–408 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Giglmeier, T. Kerscher, P. Klüfers, D. Schaniel, and Th. Woike, “Nitric-oxide photorelease and photoinduced linkage isomerism on solid [Ru(NO)(terpy)(L)]BPh4 (L = glycolate dianion),” Dalton Trans. (42): 9113–9116 (2009).
[CrossRef]

V. Dieckmann, S. Eicke, J. J. Rack, Th. Woike, and M. Imlau, “Pronounced photosensitivity of molecular [Ru(bpy)2(OSO)]+ solutions based on two photoinduced linkage isomers,” Opt. Express 17(17), 15052–15060 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Schaniel and Th. Woike, “Necessary conditions for the photogeneration of nitrosyl linkage isomers,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 11(21), 4391–4395 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Schaniel, M. Imlau, T. Weisemoeller, Th. Woike, K. W. Krämer, and H. U. Güdel, “Photoinduced Nitrosyl Linkage Isomers Uncover a Variety of Unconventional Photorefractive Media,” Adv. Mater. 19(5), 723–726 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Schaniel, Th. Woike, C. Merschjann, and M. Imlau, “Transient kinetics of light-induced metastable states in single crystals and aqueous solutions of Na2[Fe(CN)5NO]∙2H2O,” Phys. Rev. B 72(19), 195119 (2005).
[CrossRef]

P. Gütlich, Y. Garcia, and Th. Woike, “Photoswitchable coordination compounds,” Coord. Chem. Rev. 219-221, 839–879 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Imlau, S. Haussühl, Th. Woike, R. Schieder, V. Angelov, R. A. Rupp, and K. Schwarz, “Holographic recording by excitation of metastable electronic states in Na2[Fe(CN)5NO]∙2H2O: a new photorefractive effect,” Appl. Phys. B 68(5), 877–885 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Th. Woike, S. Haussühl, B. Sugg, R. A. Rupp, J. Beckers, M. Imlau, and R. Schieder, “Phase gratings in the visible and near-infrared spectral range realized by metastable electronic states in Na2[Fe(CN)5NO]∙2H2O,” Appl. Phys. B 63, 243–248 (1996).

Ziegler, C. J.

B. L. Porter, B. A. McClure, E. R. Abrams, J. T. Engle, C. J. Ziegler, and J. J. Rack, “Isomerization in an Analogous Set of Ruthenium Sulfoxide Complexes,” J. Photochem. Photobiol. A submitted.

Adv. Funct. Mater.

S. D. Straight, P. A. Liddell, Y. Terazono, T. A. Moore, A. L. Moore, and D. Gust, “All-photonic molecular XOR and NOR logic gates based on photochemical control of fluorescence in a fulgimide-porphyrin-dithienylethene triad,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 17(5), 777–785 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Mater.

D. Schaniel, M. Imlau, T. Weisemoeller, Th. Woike, K. W. Krämer, and H. U. Güdel, “Photoinduced Nitrosyl Linkage Isomers Uncover a Variety of Unconventional Photorefractive Media,” Adv. Mater. 19(5), 723–726 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl.

B. A. McClure and J. J. Rack, “Two-color reversible switching in a photochromic ruthenium sulfoxide complex,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 48(45), 8556–8558 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. B

Th. Woike, S. Haussühl, B. Sugg, R. A. Rupp, J. Beckers, M. Imlau, and R. Schieder, “Phase gratings in the visible and near-infrared spectral range realized by metastable electronic states in Na2[Fe(CN)5NO]∙2H2O,” Appl. Phys. B 63, 243–248 (1996).

M. Imlau, S. Haussühl, Th. Woike, R. Schieder, V. Angelov, R. A. Rupp, and K. Schwarz, “Holographic recording by excitation of metastable electronic states in Na2[Fe(CN)5NO]∙2H2O: a new photorefractive effect,” Appl. Phys. B 68(5), 877–885 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Rev.

M. Irie, “Diarylethenes for memories and switches,” Chem. Rev. 100(5), 1685–1716 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Chemistry

F. M. Raymo and M. Tomasulo, “Optical processing with photochromic switches,” Chemistry 12(12), 3186–3193 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Coord. Chem. Rev.

P. Gütlich, Y. Garcia, and Th. Woike, “Photoswitchable coordination compounds,” Coord. Chem. Rev. 219-221, 839–879 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Rack, “Electron transfer triggered sulfoxide isomerization in ruthenium and osmium complexes,” Coord. Chem. Rev. 253(1-2), 78–85 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Dalton Trans.

H. Giglmeier, T. Kerscher, P. Klüfers, D. Schaniel, and Th. Woike, “Nitric-oxide photorelease and photoinduced linkage isomerism on solid [Ru(NO)(terpy)(L)]BPh4 (L = glycolate dianion),” Dalton Trans. (42): 9113–9116 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Inorg. Chem.

D. P. Butcher, A. A. Rachford, J. L. Petersen, and J. J. Rack, “Phototriggered S → O isomerization of a ruthenium-bound chelating sulfoxide,” Inorg. Chem. 45(23), 9178–9180 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. A. McClure, N. V. Mockus, D. P. Butcher, D. A. Lutterman, C. Turro, J. L. Petersen, and J. J. Rack, “Photochromic ruthenium sulfoxide complexes: evidence for isomerization through a conical intersection,” Inorg. Chem. 48(17), 8084–8091 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. J. Rack, A. A. Rachford, and A. M. Shelker, “Turning off phototriggered linkage isomerizations in ruthenium dimethyl sulfoxide complexes,” Inorg. Chem. 42(23), 7357–7359 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. J. Root and E. Deutsch, “Synthesis and Characterization of (Bipyridine)(terpyridine)(chalcogenoether)ruthenium(II) Complexes - Kinetics and Mechanism of the Hydrogen Peroxide Oxidation of [(bpy)(tpy)RuS(CH3)2]2+ to [(bpy)(tpy)RuS(O)(CH3)2]2+. Kinetics of the Aquation of [(bpy)(tpy)RuS(O)(CH3)2]2+,” Inorg. Chem. 24(10), 1464–1471 (1985).
[CrossRef]

J. Am. Chem. Soc.

B. A. McClure, E. R. Abrams, and J. J. Rack, “Excited state distortion in photochromic ruthenium sulfoxide complexes,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132(15), 5428–5436 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. A. Eroy-Reveles, Y. Leung, and P. K. Mascharak, “Release of nitric oxide from a sol-gel hybrid material containing a photoactive manganese nitrosyl upon illumination with visible light,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128(22), 7166–7167 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Photochem. Photobiol. A

B. L. Porter, B. A. McClure, E. R. Abrams, J. T. Engle, C. J. Ziegler, and J. J. Rack, “Isomerization in an Analogous Set of Ruthenium Sulfoxide Complexes,” J. Photochem. Photobiol. A submitted.

J. Sol-Gel Sci. Technol.

A. Schuy, Th. Woike, and D. Schaniel, “Photoisomerisation in single molecules of nitroprusside embedded in mesopores of xerogels,” J. Sol-Gel Sci. Technol. 50(3), 403–408 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys.

V. Dieckmann, M. Imlau, D. H. Taffa, L. Walder, R. Lepski, D. Schaniel, and Th. Woike, “Phototriggered NO and CN release from [Fe(CN)5NO]2- molecules electrostatically attached to TiO2 surfaces,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 12(13), 3283–3288 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Schaniel and Th. Woike, “Necessary conditions for the photogeneration of nitrosyl linkage isomers,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 11(21), 4391–4395 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. B

D. Schaniel, Th. Woike, C. Merschjann, and M. Imlau, “Transient kinetics of light-induced metastable states in single crystals and aqueous solutions of Na2[Fe(CN)5NO]∙2H2O,” Phys. Rev. B 72(19), 195119 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Molecular structure of [Ru(bpy)2(OSOR)]+ in the stable S-bonded (GS, left) and metastable O-bonded (MS, right) configuration. Isomerization from S- to O-bonded configuration occurs upon optical excitation. The transfer from O- to S-bonded configuration is thermally activated and not accessible by light.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Absorption spectra of the as-prepared sulfoxide solutions ( c   =   0. 2 0   mmol   l 1 ) prior to exposure to the pump-light. For clarity the spectra are shifted on the absorption axis as indicated in the legend.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Absorption spectra of the sulfoxide solutions after exposure to the pump light ( λ pump = 405   nm , Q = 2.15     Ws   cm 2 ). For clarity the spectra are shifted on the absorption axis as indicated in the legend.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Normalized absorption change Δα as a function of exposure Q. The pumping wavelength is 405 nm, the probe wavelength is 532 nm, and the temperature is 45 °C. Insert: Magnification of the kinetic traces near the saturation of the absorption change.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Logarithmic relaxation times τ 1 (squares) and τ 2 (dots) versus inverse temperature. Up to 85 °C the relaxation times follow Arrhenius law (solid lines) with activation energies and frequency factors shown in Tab. 3.

Tables (3)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Wavelengths of characteristic absorption bands and isosbestic points in ground and metastable states for the sulfoxide solutions (Δλ= +-1nm).

Tables Icon

Table 2 Characteristic exposure Q 0 yielded from fitting the population kinetics (Fig. 4) with an exponential function. Photochromic sensitivity S is derived according to Ref. 14.

Tables Icon

Table 3 Activation energies and frequency factors yielded by fitting Arrhenius' law to the temperature dependent relaxation times displayed in Fig. 5 up to 85 °C. The error for the frequency factors is one order of magnitude for each value. Values for OSO have been rounded from Ref. 14. The relaxation times τ 1 , 2 are exemplarily given for the temperature of T = 45   °C .

Metrics