Abstract

We experimentally demonstrate a dynamic line-by-line optical arbitrary waveform generation technique capable of generating continuous and bandwidth scalable high-fidelity waveforms without update rate limitations. Two quadrature modulators are used to create up to three spectral slices that are coherently combined by a passband-shaped multiplexer into a single contiguous spectrum to form complex optical waveforms with up to 30 GHz of bandwidth and 6 ns record lengths.

© 2010 OSA

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. N. K. Fontaine, R. P. Scott, L. Zhou, F. Soares, J. P. Heritage, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Real-time full-field arbitrary optical waveform measurement,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 248–254 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  19. T. Sakamoto, T. Kawanishi, and M. Izutsu, “Asymptotic formalism for ultraflat optical frequency comb generation using a Mach-Zehnder modulator,” Opt. Lett. 32(11), 1515–1517 (2007).
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2010

2009

2008

2007

2006

2005

A. D. Ellis and F. C. G. Gunning, “Spectral density enhancement using coherent WDM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(2), 504–506 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

K. Takiguchi, K. Okamoto, T. Kominato, H. Takahashi, and T. Shibata, “Flexible pulse waveform generation using silica-waveguide-based spectrum synthesis circuit,” Electron. Lett. 40(9), 537–538 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Akbulut, M.

Ben Ezra, S.

Bhooplapur, S.

Choi, Myoung-Taek

Coddington, I.

I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, and N. R. Newbury, “Coherent multiheterodyne spectroscopy using stabilized optical frequency combs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(1), 013902 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cundiff, S. T.

Davila-Rodriguez, J.

Delfyett, P. J.

Ellis, A. D.

A. D. Ellis and F. C. G. Gunning, “Spectral density enhancement using coherent WDM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(2), 504–506 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fontaine, N. K.

Freude, W.

Gee, S.

Geisler, D. J.

Gunning, F. C. G.

A. D. Ellis and F. C. G. Gunning, “Spectral density enhancement using coherent WDM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(2), 504–506 (2005).
[CrossRef]

He, T.

Heritage, J. P.

Hillerkuss, D.

Huang, C.

Z. Jiang, C. Huang, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, “Optical arbitrary waveform processing of more than 100 spectral comb lines,” Nat. Photonics 1(8), 463–467 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Huang, C.-B.

Izadpanah, H.

Izutsu, M.

Jiang, Z.

Z. Jiang, C. Huang, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, “Optical arbitrary waveform processing of more than 100 spectral comb lines,” Nat. Photonics 1(8), 463–467 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kawanishi, T.

Kominato, T.

K. Takiguchi, K. Okamoto, T. Kominato, H. Takahashi, and T. Shibata, “Flexible pulse waveform generation using silica-waveguide-based spectrum synthesis circuit,” Electron. Lett. 40(9), 537–538 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Leaird, D. E.

Leuthold, J.

Li, J.

Marculescu, A.

Narkiss, N.

Newbury, N. R.

I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, and N. R. Newbury, “Coherent multiheterodyne spectroscopy using stabilized optical frequency combs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(1), 013902 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Okamoto, K.

R. P. Scott, N. K. Fontaine, C. Yang, D. J. Geisler, K. Okamoto, J. P. Heritage, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Rapid updating of optical arbitrary waveforms via time-domain multiplexing,” Opt. Lett. 33(10), 1068–1070 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Takiguchi, K. Okamoto, T. Kominato, H. Takahashi, and T. Shibata, “Flexible pulse waveform generation using silica-waveguide-based spectrum synthesis circuit,” Electron. Lett. 40(9), 537–538 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ozdur, I.

Ozharar, S.

Paraschis, L.

Quinlan, F.

Sakamoto, T.

Scott, R. P.

Shibata, T.

K. Takiguchi, K. Okamoto, T. Kominato, H. Takahashi, and T. Shibata, “Flexible pulse waveform generation using silica-waveguide-based spectrum synthesis circuit,” Electron. Lett. 40(9), 537–538 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sigurdsson, G.

Soares, F.

N. K. Fontaine, R. P. Scott, L. Zhou, F. Soares, J. P. Heritage, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Real-time full-field arbitrary optical waveform measurement,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 248–254 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Supradeepa, V. R.

Swann, W. C.

I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, and N. R. Newbury, “Coherent multiheterodyne spectroscopy using stabilized optical frequency combs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(1), 013902 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Takahashi, H.

K. Takiguchi, K. Okamoto, T. Kominato, H. Takahashi, and T. Shibata, “Flexible pulse waveform generation using silica-waveguide-based spectrum synthesis circuit,” Electron. Lett. 40(9), 537–538 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Takiguchi, K.

K. Takiguchi, K. Okamoto, T. Kominato, H. Takahashi, and T. Shibata, “Flexible pulse waveform generation using silica-waveguide-based spectrum synthesis circuit,” Electron. Lett. 40(9), 537–538 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Teschke, M.

Wangkuen, L.

Weiner, A. M.

Willits, J. T.

Winter, M.

Worms, K.

Yang, C.

Yi, X.

Yilmaz, T.

Yoo, S. J. B.

Zhou, L.

N. K. Fontaine, R. P. Scott, L. Zhou, F. Soares, J. P. Heritage, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Real-time full-field arbitrary optical waveform measurement,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 248–254 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

K. Takiguchi, K. Okamoto, T. Kominato, H. Takahashi, and T. Shibata, “Flexible pulse waveform generation using silica-waveguide-based spectrum synthesis circuit,” Electron. Lett. 40(9), 537–538 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

A. D. Ellis and F. C. G. Gunning, “Spectral density enhancement using coherent WDM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(2), 504–506 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

Nat. Photonics

Z. Jiang, C. Huang, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, “Optical arbitrary waveform processing of more than 100 spectral comb lines,” Nat. Photonics 1(8), 463–467 (2007).
[CrossRef]

N. K. Fontaine, R. P. Scott, L. Zhou, F. Soares, J. P. Heritage, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Real-time full-field arbitrary optical waveform measurement,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 248–254 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. Lett.

I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, and N. R. Newbury, “Coherent multiheterodyne spectroscopy using stabilized optical frequency combs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(1), 013902 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

N. K. Fontaine, “Optical arbitrary waveform generation and measurement,” Ph.D. dissertation (University of California, Davis (2010).

R. G. Lyons, Understanding Digital Signal Processing, 2nd ed. (Prentice Hall PTR, Upper Saddle River, 2004).

F. M. Soares, J. H. Baek, N. K. Fontaine, X. Zhou, Y. Wang, R. P. Scott, J. P. Heritage, C. Junesand, S. Lourdudoss, K. Y. Liou, R. A. Hamm, W. Wang, B. Patel, S. Vatanapradit, L. A. Gruezke, W. T. Tsang, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Monolithically integrated InP wafer-scale 100-channel × 10-GHz AWG and Michelson interferometers for 1-THz-bandwidth optical arbitrary waveform generation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Dynamic waveform shaper and dynamic-OAWG concept. (b) The spectral slice algorithm used to generate spectral slices. (c) Pre-emphasis of the spectral slices for the multiplexer and generation of temporal modulations. (d) Quadrature and (e) polar modulator.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Two line dynamic-OAWG experimental arrangement. Measured transmission of the (b) deinterleaver and (c) broadened AWG multiplexer. (d) Heterodyne measurement technique. AOM: Acousto-optic modulator. IQM: I/Q modulator.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Measurement results for the two line dynamic-OAWG experiments. (a) The entire 16 ns time record. Boxed area indicates the specified arbitrary waveform. (b,c) Isolation of the transform limited pulse with pre-emphasis (solid lines) and without pre-emphasis (dashed lines) for multiplexer filtering, Hn (ω). (d) Measured modulations, mn (t) at points (A) and (B) in Fig. 2(a). Comparison of the generated arbitrary waveform to the target waveform (grey) with (f) no iterations, and then (g,h) one iteration.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Additional dynamic-OAWG measurements. Target waveforms are grey. (a) Waveform with a −2.5 GHz/ns linear frequency chirp (20 GHz change over 8 ns). (b) Train of nine transform-limited pulses with a 300-ps spacing.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Three line dynamic-OAWG experiment. Dashed rectangles indicate the slices selected by the AWG. Shaped three-line waveform and comparison to target (grey) in the (b) temporal and (c) spectral domain.

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