Abstract

We have studied the whispering gallery mode (WGM) resonances of GaAs/AlGaAs microcavity pillars containing InAs quantum dots. High quality factor WGMs are observed from a wide range of pillars with diameters from 1.2 to 50 μm. Multimode lasing with sub-milliwatt thresholds and high beta-factors approaching unity is observed under optical pumping in a 4 μm diameter pillar. Mode splitting is observed in WGMs from pillars with diameters of 5 μm, 20 μm and 50 μm. We develop a model in which the mode splitting in the larger pillars is caused by resonant scattering from the quantum dots themselves. The model explains why splittings are observed in all of the larger pillars and that the splitting decreases with increasing wavelength. Numerical simulations by COMSOL confirm that the model is plausible. This mechanism of splitting should be general for all circular resonant structures containing quantum dots such as microdisks, rings, toroids, and microspheres.

© 2010 OSA

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    [Crossref]

2010 (4)

P. Jaffrennou, J. Claudon, M. Bazin, N. S. Malik, S. Reitzenstein, L. Worschech, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, and J.-M. Gérard, “Whispering gallery mode lasing in high quality GaAs/AlAs pillar microcavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 071103 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. Reitzenstein and A. Forchel, “Quantum dot micropillars,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 43, 033001 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Zhu, S. K. Ozdemir, Y.-F. Xiao, L. Li, L. He, D.-R. Chen, and L. Yang, “On-chip single nanoparticle detection and sizing by mode splitting in an ultrahigh-Q microresonator,” Nature Photon. 4, 46–49 (2010).
[Crossref]

T. J. Kippenberg, “Microresonators: particle sizing by mode splitting,” Nature Photon. 4, 9–10 (2010).
[Crossref]

2008 (5)

2007 (7)

V. N. Astratov, ed., Focus Issue on Physics and Applications of Microresonators, Opt. Express 15, 17171–17457 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Mazzei, S. Götzinger, L. de S. Menezes, G. Zumofen, O. Benson, and V. Sandoghar, “Controlled coupling of counterpropagating whispering-gallery modes by a single Rayleigh scatterer: a classical problem in a quantum optical light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 173603 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Oxborrow, “Traceable 2-D finite-element simulation of the whispering-gallery modes of axisymmetric electromagnetic resonator,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 55, 1209–1218 (2007).
[Crossref]

V. N. Astratov, S. Yang, S. Lam, B. D. Jones, D. Sanvitto, D. M. Whittaker, A. M. Fox, M. S. Skolnick, A. Tahraoui, P. W. Fry, and M. Hopkinson, “Whispering gallery resonances in semiconductor micropillars,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 071115 (2007).
[Crossref]

Y. R. Nowicki-Bringuier, J. Claudon, C. Bockler, S. Reitzenstein, M. Kamp, A. Morand, A. Forchel, and J. M. Gerard, “High Q whispering gallery modes in GaAs/AlAs pillar microcavities,” Opt. Express 15, 17291–17304 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. A. Timpson, D. Sanvitto, A. Daraei, P. S. S. Guimaraes, H. Vinck, S. Lam, D. M. Whittaker, M. S. Skolnick, A. M. Fox, C. Y. Hu, Y. L. D. Ho, R. Gibson, J. G. Rarity, S. Pellegrini, K. J. Gordon, R. E. Warburton, G. S. Guller, A. Tahraoui, P. W. Fry, and M. Hopkinson, “Single photon sources based upon single quantum dots in semiconductor microcavity pillars,” J. Mod. Opt. 54, 453–465 (2007).
[Crossref]

S. M. Ulrich, C. Gies, S. Ates, J. Wiersig, S Reitzenstein, C. Hofmann, A. Lofler, A. Forchel, F. Jahnke, and P. Michler, “Photon statistics of semiconductor microcavity lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 043906 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (4)

G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, M. Kira, S. W. Koch, and A. Scherer, “Vacuum Rabi splitting in semiconductors,” Nat. Phys. 2, 81–90 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. Daraei, A. Tahraoui, D. Sanvitto, J. A. Timpson, P. W. Fry, M. Hopkinson, P. S. S. Guimaraes, H. Vinck, D. M. Whittaker, M. S. Skolnick, and A. M. Fox, “Control of polarized single quantum dot emission in high-quality-factor microcavity pillars,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88051113 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Renner, L. Worschech, A. Forchel, S. Mahapatra, and K. Brunner, “Whispering gallery modes in high quality ZnSe/ZnMgSSe microdisks with CdSe quantum dots studied at room temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 091105 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Renner, L. Worschech, A. Forchel, S. Mahapatra, and K. Brunner, “CdSe quantum dot microdisk laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 231104 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (3)

K. Srinivasan, M. Borselli, T. J. Johnson, P. E. Barclay, and O. Painter, “Optical loss and lasing characteristics of high–quality–factor AlGaAs microdisk resonators with embedded quantum dots,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 151106 (2005).
[Crossref]

W. H. Wang, S. Ghosh, F. M. Mendoza, X. Li, D. D. Awschalom, and N. Samarth, “Static and dynamic spectroscopy of (Al,Ga)As/GaAs microdisk lasers with interface fluctuation quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. B 71, 155306 (2005).
[Crossref]

E. Peter, P. Senellart, D. Martrou, A. Lemaitre, J. Hours, J. M. Gerard, and J. Bloch, “Exciton-photon strong-coupling regime for a single quantum dot embedded in a microcavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 067401 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2003 (2)

S. V. Goupalov, “Light scattering on exciton resonance in a semiconductor quantum dot: exact solution,” Phys. Rev. B 68, 125311 (2003).
[Crossref]

K. J. Vahala, “Optical microcavities,” Nature (London) 424, 839–846 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (2)

C. Gmachl, E. E. Narimanov, F. Capasso, J. N. Baillargeon, and A. Y. Cho, “Kolmogorov–Arnold–Moser transition and lasing action on scar modes in semiconductor diode lasers with deformed resonators,” Opt. Lett. 27, 824–826 (2002).
[Crossref]

S. Kako, T. Someya, and Y. Arakawa, “Observation of enhanced spontaneous emission coupling factor in nitride-based vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 722–724 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

S. Cortez, O. Krebs, P. Voisin, and J. M. Gérard, “Polarization of the interband optical dipole in InAs/GaAs self-organized quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. B 63, 233306 (2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (4)

X. Fan, P. Palingins, S. lacey, H. Wang, and M.C. Lonergan, “Coupling semiconductor nanocrystals to a fused-silica microsphere: a quantum-dot microcavity with extremely high Q factors,” Opt. Lett. 251600–1602 (2000).
[Crossref]

H. Cao, J. Y. Xu, W. H. Xiang, Y. Ma, S. H. Chang, S. T. Ho, and G. S. Solomon, “Optically pumped InAs quantum dot microdisk lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3519–3521 (2000).
[Crossref]

B. Gayral and J. M. Gerard, “Strong Purcell effect for InAs quantum boxes in high-Q wet-etched microdisks,” Physica E (Amsterdam) 7, 641–645 (2000).

P. W. Fry, I. E. Itskevich, D. J. Mowbray, M. S. Skolnick, J. J. Finley, J. A. Barker, E. P. O’Reilly, L. R. Wilson, I. A. Larkin, P. A. Maksym, M. Hopkinson, M. Al-Khafaji, J. P. R. David, A. G. Cullis, G. Hill, and J. C. Clark, “Inverted electron-hole alignment in InAs-GaAs self-assembled quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 733736 (2000).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

B. Gayral, J. M. Gerard, A. Lemaitre, C. Dupuis, L. Manin, and J. L. Pelouard, “High–Q wet-etched GaAs microdisks containing InAs quantum boxes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1908–1910 (1999).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

J. M. Gérard, B. Sermage, B. Gayral, B. Legrand, E. Costard, and V. Thierry-Mieg, “Enhanced spontaneous emission by quantum boxes in a monolithic optical microcavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 1110–1113 (1998).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

M. K. Chin, D. Y. Chu, and S.-T. Ho, “Estimation of the spontaneous emission factor for microdisk lasers via the approximation of whispering gallery modes,” J. Appl. Phys. 75, 3302–3307 (1994).
[Crossref]

1993 (1)

R. E. Slusher, A. F. J. Levi, U. Mohideen, S. L. McCall, and R. A. Logan, “Threshold characteristics of semiconductor microdisk lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 1310–1312 (1993).
[Crossref]

1992 (1)

S. L. McCall, A. F. J. Levi, R. E. Slusher, S. J. Pearton, and R. A. Logan, “Whispering gallery mode microdisk lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 289–291 (1992).
[Crossref]

1991 (1)

Y. Yamamoto, S. Machida, and G. Björk, “Microcavity semiconductor laser with enhanced spontaneous emission,” Phys. Rev. A 44, 657–668 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1989 (1)

S. Adachi, “Optical disperson relations for GaP, GaAs, GaSb, InP, InAs, InSb, AlxGa1–xAs, and In1–xGaxAsyP1–y,” J. Appl. Phys. 66, 6030–6040 (1989).
[Crossref]

1933 (1)

J. Hendrickson, B. C. Richards, J. Sweet, S. Mosor, C. Christenson, D. Lam, G. Khitrova, and H. M. Gibbs, “Quantum dot photonic-crystal-slab nanocavities: quality factors and lasing,” Phys. Rev. B 72, 193303 (2005).

Adachi, S.

S. Adachi, “Optical disperson relations for GaP, GaAs, GaSb, InP, InAs, InSb, AlxGa1–xAs, and In1–xGaxAsyP1–y,” J. Appl. Phys. 66, 6030–6040 (1989).
[Crossref]

Al-Khafaji, M.

P. W. Fry, I. E. Itskevich, D. J. Mowbray, M. S. Skolnick, J. J. Finley, J. A. Barker, E. P. O’Reilly, L. R. Wilson, I. A. Larkin, P. A. Maksym, M. Hopkinson, M. Al-Khafaji, J. P. R. David, A. G. Cullis, G. Hill, and J. C. Clark, “Inverted electron-hole alignment in InAs-GaAs self-assembled quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 733736 (2000).
[Crossref]

Andronico, A.

Arakawa, Y.

S. Kako, T. Someya, and Y. Arakawa, “Observation of enhanced spontaneous emission coupling factor in nitride-based vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 722–724 (2002).
[Crossref]

Astratov, V. N.

K. R. Hiremath and V. N. Astratov, “Perturbations of whispering gallery modes by nanoparticles embedded in microcavities,” Opt. Express 16, 5421–5426 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. N. Astratov, ed., Focus Issue on Physics and Applications of Microresonators, Opt. Express 15, 17171–17457 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. N. Astratov, S. Yang, S. Lam, B. D. Jones, D. Sanvitto, D. M. Whittaker, A. M. Fox, M. S. Skolnick, A. Tahraoui, P. W. Fry, and M. Hopkinson, “Whispering gallery resonances in semiconductor micropillars,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 071115 (2007).
[Crossref]

Ates, S.

S. M. Ulrich, C. Gies, S. Ates, J. Wiersig, S Reitzenstein, C. Hofmann, A. Lofler, A. Forchel, F. Jahnke, and P. Michler, “Photon statistics of semiconductor microcavity lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 043906 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Awschalom, D. D.

W. H. Wang, S. Ghosh, F. M. Mendoza, X. Li, D. D. Awschalom, and N. Samarth, “Static and dynamic spectroscopy of (Al,Ga)As/GaAs microdisk lasers with interface fluctuation quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. B 71, 155306 (2005).
[Crossref]

Baillargeon, J. N.

Barclay, P. E.

K. Srinivasan, M. Borselli, T. J. Johnson, P. E. Barclay, and O. Painter, “Optical loss and lasing characteristics of high–quality–factor AlGaAs microdisk resonators with embedded quantum dots,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 151106 (2005).
[Crossref]

Barker, J. A.

P. W. Fry, I. E. Itskevich, D. J. Mowbray, M. S. Skolnick, J. J. Finley, J. A. Barker, E. P. O’Reilly, L. R. Wilson, I. A. Larkin, P. A. Maksym, M. Hopkinson, M. Al-Khafaji, J. P. R. David, A. G. Cullis, G. Hill, and J. C. Clark, “Inverted electron-hole alignment in InAs-GaAs self-assembled quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 733736 (2000).
[Crossref]

Bazin, M.

P. Jaffrennou, J. Claudon, M. Bazin, N. S. Malik, S. Reitzenstein, L. Worschech, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, and J.-M. Gérard, “Whispering gallery mode lasing in high quality GaAs/AlAs pillar microcavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 071103 (2010).
[Crossref]

Benisty, H.

J.-M. Lourtioz, H. Benisty, V. Berger, J.-M. Gérard, D. Maystre, and A. Tchelnokov, Photonic Crystals, 2nd ed. (Springer-Verlag, 2008).

Benson, O.

A. Mazzei, S. Götzinger, L. de S. Menezes, G. Zumofen, O. Benson, and V. Sandoghar, “Controlled coupling of counterpropagating whispering-gallery modes by a single Rayleigh scatterer: a classical problem in a quantum optical light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 173603 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Berger, V.

A. Andronico, J. Claudon, J. M. Grard, V. Berger, and G. Leo, “Integrated terahertz source based on three-wave mixing of whispering-gallery modes,” Opt. Lett. 33, 2416–2418 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J.-M. Lourtioz, H. Benisty, V. Berger, J.-M. Gérard, D. Maystre, and A. Tchelnokov, Photonic Crystals, 2nd ed. (Springer-Verlag, 2008).

Björk, G.

Y. Yamamoto, S. Machida, and G. Björk, “Microcavity semiconductor laser with enhanced spontaneous emission,” Phys. Rev. A 44, 657–668 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bloch, J.

E. Peter, P. Senellart, D. Martrou, A. Lemaitre, J. Hours, J. M. Gerard, and J. Bloch, “Exciton-photon strong-coupling regime for a single quantum dot embedded in a microcavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 067401 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bockler, C.

Borri, P.

Borselli, M.

K. Srinivasan, M. Borselli, T. J. Johnson, P. E. Barclay, and O. Painter, “Optical loss and lasing characteristics of high–quality–factor AlGaAs microdisk resonators with embedded quantum dots,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 151106 (2005).
[Crossref]

Brunner, K.

J. Renner, L. Worschech, A. Forchel, S. Mahapatra, and K. Brunner, “Whispering gallery modes in high quality ZnSe/ZnMgSSe microdisks with CdSe quantum dots studied at room temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 091105 (2006).
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J. Renner, L. Worschech, A. Forchel, S. Mahapatra, and K. Brunner, “CdSe quantum dot microdisk laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 231104 (2006).
[Crossref]

Cao, H.

H. Cao, J. Y. Xu, W. H. Xiang, Y. Ma, S. H. Chang, S. T. Ho, and G. S. Solomon, “Optically pumped InAs quantum dot microdisk lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3519–3521 (2000).
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Capasso, F.

Carmon, T.

T. Carmon, H. G. L. Schwefel, L. Yang, M. Oxborrow, A. D. Stone, and K. J. Vahala, “Static envelope patterns in composite resonances generated by level crossing in optical toroidal microcavities,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 103905 (2008).
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H. Cao, J. Y. Xu, W. H. Xiang, Y. Ma, S. H. Chang, S. T. Ho, and G. S. Solomon, “Optically pumped InAs quantum dot microdisk lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3519–3521 (2000).
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Chantada, L.

Chen, D.-R.

J. Zhu, S. K. Ozdemir, Y.-F. Xiao, L. Li, L. He, D.-R. Chen, and L. Yang, “On-chip single nanoparticle detection and sizing by mode splitting in an ultrahigh-Q microresonator,” Nature Photon. 4, 46–49 (2010).
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Chin, M. K.

M. K. Chin, D. Y. Chu, and S.-T. Ho, “Estimation of the spontaneous emission factor for microdisk lasers via the approximation of whispering gallery modes,” J. Appl. Phys. 75, 3302–3307 (1994).
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Cho, A. Y.

Christenson, C.

J. Hendrickson, B. C. Richards, J. Sweet, S. Mosor, C. Christenson, D. Lam, G. Khitrova, and H. M. Gibbs, “Quantum dot photonic-crystal-slab nanocavities: quality factors and lasing,” Phys. Rev. B 72, 193303 (2005).

Chu, D. Y.

M. K. Chin, D. Y. Chu, and S.-T. Ho, “Estimation of the spontaneous emission factor for microdisk lasers via the approximation of whispering gallery modes,” J. Appl. Phys. 75, 3302–3307 (1994).
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Clark, J. C.

P. W. Fry, I. E. Itskevich, D. J. Mowbray, M. S. Skolnick, J. J. Finley, J. A. Barker, E. P. O’Reilly, L. R. Wilson, I. A. Larkin, P. A. Maksym, M. Hopkinson, M. Al-Khafaji, J. P. R. David, A. G. Cullis, G. Hill, and J. C. Clark, “Inverted electron-hole alignment in InAs-GaAs self-assembled quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 733736 (2000).
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Claudon, J.

Cortez, S.

S. Cortez, O. Krebs, P. Voisin, and J. M. Gérard, “Polarization of the interband optical dipole in InAs/GaAs self-organized quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. B 63, 233306 (2001).
[Crossref]

Costard, E.

J. M. Gérard, B. Sermage, B. Gayral, B. Legrand, E. Costard, and V. Thierry-Mieg, “Enhanced spontaneous emission by quantum boxes in a monolithic optical microcavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 1110–1113 (1998).
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Cullis, A. G.

P. W. Fry, I. E. Itskevich, D. J. Mowbray, M. S. Skolnick, J. J. Finley, J. A. Barker, E. P. O’Reilly, L. R. Wilson, I. A. Larkin, P. A. Maksym, M. Hopkinson, M. Al-Khafaji, J. P. R. David, A. G. Cullis, G. Hill, and J. C. Clark, “Inverted electron-hole alignment in InAs-GaAs self-assembled quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 733736 (2000).
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Daraei, A.

J. A. Timpson, D. Sanvitto, A. Daraei, P. S. S. Guimaraes, H. Vinck, S. Lam, D. M. Whittaker, M. S. Skolnick, A. M. Fox, C. Y. Hu, Y. L. D. Ho, R. Gibson, J. G. Rarity, S. Pellegrini, K. J. Gordon, R. E. Warburton, G. S. Guller, A. Tahraoui, P. W. Fry, and M. Hopkinson, “Single photon sources based upon single quantum dots in semiconductor microcavity pillars,” J. Mod. Opt. 54, 453–465 (2007).
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A. Daraei, A. Tahraoui, D. Sanvitto, J. A. Timpson, P. W. Fry, M. Hopkinson, P. S. S. Guimaraes, H. Vinck, D. M. Whittaker, M. S. Skolnick, and A. M. Fox, “Control of polarized single quantum dot emission in high-quality-factor microcavity pillars,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88051113 (2006).
[Crossref]

David, J. P. R.

P. W. Fry, I. E. Itskevich, D. J. Mowbray, M. S. Skolnick, J. J. Finley, J. A. Barker, E. P. O’Reilly, L. R. Wilson, I. A. Larkin, P. A. Maksym, M. Hopkinson, M. Al-Khafaji, J. P. R. David, A. G. Cullis, G. Hill, and J. C. Clark, “Inverted electron-hole alignment in InAs-GaAs self-assembled quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 733736 (2000).
[Crossref]

Dupuis, C.

B. Gayral, J. M. Gerard, A. Lemaitre, C. Dupuis, L. Manin, and J. L. Pelouard, “High–Q wet-etched GaAs microdisks containing InAs quantum boxes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1908–1910 (1999).
[Crossref]

Fan, X.

Finley, J. J.

P. W. Fry, I. E. Itskevich, D. J. Mowbray, M. S. Skolnick, J. J. Finley, J. A. Barker, E. P. O’Reilly, L. R. Wilson, I. A. Larkin, P. A. Maksym, M. Hopkinson, M. Al-Khafaji, J. P. R. David, A. G. Cullis, G. Hill, and J. C. Clark, “Inverted electron-hole alignment in InAs-GaAs self-assembled quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 733736 (2000).
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Forchel, A.

S. Reitzenstein and A. Forchel, “Quantum dot micropillars,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 43, 033001 (2010).
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P. Jaffrennou, J. Claudon, M. Bazin, N. S. Malik, S. Reitzenstein, L. Worschech, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, and J.-M. Gérard, “Whispering gallery mode lasing in high quality GaAs/AlAs pillar microcavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 071103 (2010).
[Crossref]

Y. R. Nowicki-Bringuier, J. Claudon, C. Bockler, S. Reitzenstein, M. Kamp, A. Morand, A. Forchel, and J. M. Gerard, “High Q whispering gallery modes in GaAs/AlAs pillar microcavities,” Opt. Express 15, 17291–17304 (2007).
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S. M. Ulrich, C. Gies, S. Ates, J. Wiersig, S Reitzenstein, C. Hofmann, A. Lofler, A. Forchel, F. Jahnke, and P. Michler, “Photon statistics of semiconductor microcavity lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 043906 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Renner, L. Worschech, A. Forchel, S. Mahapatra, and K. Brunner, “CdSe quantum dot microdisk laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 231104 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Renner, L. Worschech, A. Forchel, S. Mahapatra, and K. Brunner, “Whispering gallery modes in high quality ZnSe/ZnMgSSe microdisks with CdSe quantum dots studied at room temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 091105 (2006).
[Crossref]

Fox, A. M.

V. N. Astratov, S. Yang, S. Lam, B. D. Jones, D. Sanvitto, D. M. Whittaker, A. M. Fox, M. S. Skolnick, A. Tahraoui, P. W. Fry, and M. Hopkinson, “Whispering gallery resonances in semiconductor micropillars,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 071115 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. A. Timpson, D. Sanvitto, A. Daraei, P. S. S. Guimaraes, H. Vinck, S. Lam, D. M. Whittaker, M. S. Skolnick, A. M. Fox, C. Y. Hu, Y. L. D. Ho, R. Gibson, J. G. Rarity, S. Pellegrini, K. J. Gordon, R. E. Warburton, G. S. Guller, A. Tahraoui, P. W. Fry, and M. Hopkinson, “Single photon sources based upon single quantum dots in semiconductor microcavity pillars,” J. Mod. Opt. 54, 453–465 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. Daraei, A. Tahraoui, D. Sanvitto, J. A. Timpson, P. W. Fry, M. Hopkinson, P. S. S. Guimaraes, H. Vinck, D. M. Whittaker, M. S. Skolnick, and A. M. Fox, “Control of polarized single quantum dot emission in high-quality-factor microcavity pillars,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88051113 (2006).
[Crossref]

Fry, P. W.

J. A. Timpson, D. Sanvitto, A. Daraei, P. S. S. Guimaraes, H. Vinck, S. Lam, D. M. Whittaker, M. S. Skolnick, A. M. Fox, C. Y. Hu, Y. L. D. Ho, R. Gibson, J. G. Rarity, S. Pellegrini, K. J. Gordon, R. E. Warburton, G. S. Guller, A. Tahraoui, P. W. Fry, and M. Hopkinson, “Single photon sources based upon single quantum dots in semiconductor microcavity pillars,” J. Mod. Opt. 54, 453–465 (2007).
[Crossref]

V. N. Astratov, S. Yang, S. Lam, B. D. Jones, D. Sanvitto, D. M. Whittaker, A. M. Fox, M. S. Skolnick, A. Tahraoui, P. W. Fry, and M. Hopkinson, “Whispering gallery resonances in semiconductor micropillars,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 071115 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. Daraei, A. Tahraoui, D. Sanvitto, J. A. Timpson, P. W. Fry, M. Hopkinson, P. S. S. Guimaraes, H. Vinck, D. M. Whittaker, M. S. Skolnick, and A. M. Fox, “Control of polarized single quantum dot emission in high-quality-factor microcavity pillars,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88051113 (2006).
[Crossref]

P. W. Fry, I. E. Itskevich, D. J. Mowbray, M. S. Skolnick, J. J. Finley, J. A. Barker, E. P. O’Reilly, L. R. Wilson, I. A. Larkin, P. A. Maksym, M. Hopkinson, M. Al-Khafaji, J. P. R. David, A. G. Cullis, G. Hill, and J. C. Clark, “Inverted electron-hole alignment in InAs-GaAs self-assembled quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 733736 (2000).
[Crossref]

Gayral, B.

B. Gayral and J. M. Gerard, “Strong Purcell effect for InAs quantum boxes in high-Q wet-etched microdisks,” Physica E (Amsterdam) 7, 641–645 (2000).

B. Gayral, J. M. Gerard, A. Lemaitre, C. Dupuis, L. Manin, and J. L. Pelouard, “High–Q wet-etched GaAs microdisks containing InAs quantum boxes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1908–1910 (1999).
[Crossref]

J. M. Gérard, B. Sermage, B. Gayral, B. Legrand, E. Costard, and V. Thierry-Mieg, “Enhanced spontaneous emission by quantum boxes in a monolithic optical microcavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 1110–1113 (1998).
[Crossref]

Gerard, J. M.

Y. R. Nowicki-Bringuier, J. Claudon, C. Bockler, S. Reitzenstein, M. Kamp, A. Morand, A. Forchel, and J. M. Gerard, “High Q whispering gallery modes in GaAs/AlAs pillar microcavities,” Opt. Express 15, 17291–17304 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Peter, P. Senellart, D. Martrou, A. Lemaitre, J. Hours, J. M. Gerard, and J. Bloch, “Exciton-photon strong-coupling regime for a single quantum dot embedded in a microcavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 067401 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Gayral and J. M. Gerard, “Strong Purcell effect for InAs quantum boxes in high-Q wet-etched microdisks,” Physica E (Amsterdam) 7, 641–645 (2000).

B. Gayral, J. M. Gerard, A. Lemaitre, C. Dupuis, L. Manin, and J. L. Pelouard, “High–Q wet-etched GaAs microdisks containing InAs quantum boxes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1908–1910 (1999).
[Crossref]

Gérard, J. M.

S. Cortez, O. Krebs, P. Voisin, and J. M. Gérard, “Polarization of the interband optical dipole in InAs/GaAs self-organized quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. B 63, 233306 (2001).
[Crossref]

J. M. Gérard, B. Sermage, B. Gayral, B. Legrand, E. Costard, and V. Thierry-Mieg, “Enhanced spontaneous emission by quantum boxes in a monolithic optical microcavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 1110–1113 (1998).
[Crossref]

Gérard, J.-M.

P. Jaffrennou, J. Claudon, M. Bazin, N. S. Malik, S. Reitzenstein, L. Worschech, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, and J.-M. Gérard, “Whispering gallery mode lasing in high quality GaAs/AlAs pillar microcavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 071103 (2010).
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J.-M. Lourtioz, H. Benisty, V. Berger, J.-M. Gérard, D. Maystre, and A. Tchelnokov, Photonic Crystals, 2nd ed. (Springer-Verlag, 2008).

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W. H. Wang, S. Ghosh, F. M. Mendoza, X. Li, D. D. Awschalom, and N. Samarth, “Static and dynamic spectroscopy of (Al,Ga)As/GaAs microdisk lasers with interface fluctuation quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. B 71, 155306 (2005).
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Gibbs, H. M.

G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, M. Kira, S. W. Koch, and A. Scherer, “Vacuum Rabi splitting in semiconductors,” Nat. Phys. 2, 81–90 (2006).
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J. Hendrickson, B. C. Richards, J. Sweet, S. Mosor, C. Christenson, D. Lam, G. Khitrova, and H. M. Gibbs, “Quantum dot photonic-crystal-slab nanocavities: quality factors and lasing,” Phys. Rev. B 72, 193303 (2005).

Gibson, R.

J. A. Timpson, D. Sanvitto, A. Daraei, P. S. S. Guimaraes, H. Vinck, S. Lam, D. M. Whittaker, M. S. Skolnick, A. M. Fox, C. Y. Hu, Y. L. D. Ho, R. Gibson, J. G. Rarity, S. Pellegrini, K. J. Gordon, R. E. Warburton, G. S. Guller, A. Tahraoui, P. W. Fry, and M. Hopkinson, “Single photon sources based upon single quantum dots in semiconductor microcavity pillars,” J. Mod. Opt. 54, 453–465 (2007).
[Crossref]

Gies, C.

S. M. Ulrich, C. Gies, S. Ates, J. Wiersig, S Reitzenstein, C. Hofmann, A. Lofler, A. Forchel, F. Jahnke, and P. Michler, “Photon statistics of semiconductor microcavity lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 043906 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gmachl, C.

Gordon, K. J.

J. A. Timpson, D. Sanvitto, A. Daraei, P. S. S. Guimaraes, H. Vinck, S. Lam, D. M. Whittaker, M. S. Skolnick, A. M. Fox, C. Y. Hu, Y. L. D. Ho, R. Gibson, J. G. Rarity, S. Pellegrini, K. J. Gordon, R. E. Warburton, G. S. Guller, A. Tahraoui, P. W. Fry, and M. Hopkinson, “Single photon sources based upon single quantum dots in semiconductor microcavity pillars,” J. Mod. Opt. 54, 453–465 (2007).
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Götzinger, S.

A. Mazzei, S. Götzinger, L. de S. Menezes, G. Zumofen, O. Benson, and V. Sandoghar, “Controlled coupling of counterpropagating whispering-gallery modes by a single Rayleigh scatterer: a classical problem in a quantum optical light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 173603 (2007).
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Goupalov, S. V.

S. V. Goupalov, “Light scattering on exciton resonance in a semiconductor quantum dot: exact solution,” Phys. Rev. B 68, 125311 (2003).
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Grard, J. M.

Guimaraes, P. S. S.

J. A. Timpson, D. Sanvitto, A. Daraei, P. S. S. Guimaraes, H. Vinck, S. Lam, D. M. Whittaker, M. S. Skolnick, A. M. Fox, C. Y. Hu, Y. L. D. Ho, R. Gibson, J. G. Rarity, S. Pellegrini, K. J. Gordon, R. E. Warburton, G. S. Guller, A. Tahraoui, P. W. Fry, and M. Hopkinson, “Single photon sources based upon single quantum dots in semiconductor microcavity pillars,” J. Mod. Opt. 54, 453–465 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. Daraei, A. Tahraoui, D. Sanvitto, J. A. Timpson, P. W. Fry, M. Hopkinson, P. S. S. Guimaraes, H. Vinck, D. M. Whittaker, M. S. Skolnick, and A. M. Fox, “Control of polarized single quantum dot emission in high-quality-factor microcavity pillars,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88051113 (2006).
[Crossref]

Guller, G. S.

J. A. Timpson, D. Sanvitto, A. Daraei, P. S. S. Guimaraes, H. Vinck, S. Lam, D. M. Whittaker, M. S. Skolnick, A. M. Fox, C. Y. Hu, Y. L. D. Ho, R. Gibson, J. G. Rarity, S. Pellegrini, K. J. Gordon, R. E. Warburton, G. S. Guller, A. Tahraoui, P. W. Fry, and M. Hopkinson, “Single photon sources based upon single quantum dots in semiconductor microcavity pillars,” J. Mod. Opt. 54, 453–465 (2007).
[Crossref]

He, L.

J. Zhu, S. K. Ozdemir, Y.-F. Xiao, L. Li, L. He, D.-R. Chen, and L. Yang, “On-chip single nanoparticle detection and sizing by mode splitting in an ultrahigh-Q microresonator,” Nature Photon. 4, 46–49 (2010).
[Crossref]

Hendrickson, J.

J. Hendrickson, B. C. Richards, J. Sweet, S. Mosor, C. Christenson, D. Lam, G. Khitrova, and H. M. Gibbs, “Quantum dot photonic-crystal-slab nanocavities: quality factors and lasing,” Phys. Rev. B 72, 193303 (2005).

Hill, G.

P. W. Fry, I. E. Itskevich, D. J. Mowbray, M. S. Skolnick, J. J. Finley, J. A. Barker, E. P. O’Reilly, L. R. Wilson, I. A. Larkin, P. A. Maksym, M. Hopkinson, M. Al-Khafaji, J. P. R. David, A. G. Cullis, G. Hill, and J. C. Clark, “Inverted electron-hole alignment in InAs-GaAs self-assembled quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 733736 (2000).
[Crossref]

Hiremath, K. R.

Ho, S. T.

H. Cao, J. Y. Xu, W. H. Xiang, Y. Ma, S. H. Chang, S. T. Ho, and G. S. Solomon, “Optically pumped InAs quantum dot microdisk lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3519–3521 (2000).
[Crossref]

Ho, S.-T.

M. K. Chin, D. Y. Chu, and S.-T. Ho, “Estimation of the spontaneous emission factor for microdisk lasers via the approximation of whispering gallery modes,” J. Appl. Phys. 75, 3302–3307 (1994).
[Crossref]

Ho, Y. L. D.

J. A. Timpson, D. Sanvitto, A. Daraei, P. S. S. Guimaraes, H. Vinck, S. Lam, D. M. Whittaker, M. S. Skolnick, A. M. Fox, C. Y. Hu, Y. L. D. Ho, R. Gibson, J. G. Rarity, S. Pellegrini, K. J. Gordon, R. E. Warburton, G. S. Guller, A. Tahraoui, P. W. Fry, and M. Hopkinson, “Single photon sources based upon single quantum dots in semiconductor microcavity pillars,” J. Mod. Opt. 54, 453–465 (2007).
[Crossref]

Hofmann, C.

S. M. Ulrich, C. Gies, S. Ates, J. Wiersig, S Reitzenstein, C. Hofmann, A. Lofler, A. Forchel, F. Jahnke, and P. Michler, “Photon statistics of semiconductor microcavity lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 043906 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hopkinson, M.

J. A. Timpson, D. Sanvitto, A. Daraei, P. S. S. Guimaraes, H. Vinck, S. Lam, D. M. Whittaker, M. S. Skolnick, A. M. Fox, C. Y. Hu, Y. L. D. Ho, R. Gibson, J. G. Rarity, S. Pellegrini, K. J. Gordon, R. E. Warburton, G. S. Guller, A. Tahraoui, P. W. Fry, and M. Hopkinson, “Single photon sources based upon single quantum dots in semiconductor microcavity pillars,” J. Mod. Opt. 54, 453–465 (2007).
[Crossref]

V. N. Astratov, S. Yang, S. Lam, B. D. Jones, D. Sanvitto, D. M. Whittaker, A. M. Fox, M. S. Skolnick, A. Tahraoui, P. W. Fry, and M. Hopkinson, “Whispering gallery resonances in semiconductor micropillars,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 071115 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. Daraei, A. Tahraoui, D. Sanvitto, J. A. Timpson, P. W. Fry, M. Hopkinson, P. S. S. Guimaraes, H. Vinck, D. M. Whittaker, M. S. Skolnick, and A. M. Fox, “Control of polarized single quantum dot emission in high-quality-factor microcavity pillars,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88051113 (2006).
[Crossref]

P. W. Fry, I. E. Itskevich, D. J. Mowbray, M. S. Skolnick, J. J. Finley, J. A. Barker, E. P. O’Reilly, L. R. Wilson, I. A. Larkin, P. A. Maksym, M. Hopkinson, M. Al-Khafaji, J. P. R. David, A. G. Cullis, G. Hill, and J. C. Clark, “Inverted electron-hole alignment in InAs-GaAs self-assembled quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 733736 (2000).
[Crossref]

Hours, J.

E. Peter, P. Senellart, D. Martrou, A. Lemaitre, J. Hours, J. M. Gerard, and J. Bloch, “Exciton-photon strong-coupling regime for a single quantum dot embedded in a microcavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 067401 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hu, C. Y.

J. A. Timpson, D. Sanvitto, A. Daraei, P. S. S. Guimaraes, H. Vinck, S. Lam, D. M. Whittaker, M. S. Skolnick, A. M. Fox, C. Y. Hu, Y. L. D. Ho, R. Gibson, J. G. Rarity, S. Pellegrini, K. J. Gordon, R. E. Warburton, G. S. Guller, A. Tahraoui, P. W. Fry, and M. Hopkinson, “Single photon sources based upon single quantum dots in semiconductor microcavity pillars,” J. Mod. Opt. 54, 453–465 (2007).
[Crossref]

Itskevich, I. E.

P. W. Fry, I. E. Itskevich, D. J. Mowbray, M. S. Skolnick, J. J. Finley, J. A. Barker, E. P. O’Reilly, L. R. Wilson, I. A. Larkin, P. A. Maksym, M. Hopkinson, M. Al-Khafaji, J. P. R. David, A. G. Cullis, G. Hill, and J. C. Clark, “Inverted electron-hole alignment in InAs-GaAs self-assembled quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 733736 (2000).
[Crossref]

Ivanov, A. L.

Jaffrennou, P.

P. Jaffrennou, J. Claudon, M. Bazin, N. S. Malik, S. Reitzenstein, L. Worschech, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, and J.-M. Gérard, “Whispering gallery mode lasing in high quality GaAs/AlAs pillar microcavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 071103 (2010).
[Crossref]

Jahnke, F.

S. M. Ulrich, C. Gies, S. Ates, J. Wiersig, S Reitzenstein, C. Hofmann, A. Lofler, A. Forchel, F. Jahnke, and P. Michler, “Photon statistics of semiconductor microcavity lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 043906 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Johnson, T. J.

K. Srinivasan, M. Borselli, T. J. Johnson, P. E. Barclay, and O. Painter, “Optical loss and lasing characteristics of high–quality–factor AlGaAs microdisk resonators with embedded quantum dots,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 151106 (2005).
[Crossref]

Jones, B. D.

V. N. Astratov, S. Yang, S. Lam, B. D. Jones, D. Sanvitto, D. M. Whittaker, A. M. Fox, M. S. Skolnick, A. Tahraoui, P. W. Fry, and M. Hopkinson, “Whispering gallery resonances in semiconductor micropillars,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 071115 (2007).
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Kako, S.

S. Kako, T. Someya, and Y. Arakawa, “Observation of enhanced spontaneous emission coupling factor in nitride-based vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 722–724 (2002).
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Kamp, M.

P. Jaffrennou, J. Claudon, M. Bazin, N. S. Malik, S. Reitzenstein, L. Worschech, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, and J.-M. Gérard, “Whispering gallery mode lasing in high quality GaAs/AlAs pillar microcavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 071103 (2010).
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J. Hendrickson, B. C. Richards, J. Sweet, S. Mosor, C. Christenson, D. Lam, G. Khitrova, and H. M. Gibbs, “Quantum dot photonic-crystal-slab nanocavities: quality factors and lasing,” Phys. Rev. B 72, 193303 (2005).

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G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, M. Kira, S. W. Koch, and A. Scherer, “Vacuum Rabi splitting in semiconductors,” Nat. Phys. 2, 81–90 (2006).
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G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, M. Kira, S. W. Koch, and A. Scherer, “Vacuum Rabi splitting in semiconductors,” Nat. Phys. 2, 81–90 (2006).
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lacey, S.

Lam, D.

J. Hendrickson, B. C. Richards, J. Sweet, S. Mosor, C. Christenson, D. Lam, G. Khitrova, and H. M. Gibbs, “Quantum dot photonic-crystal-slab nanocavities: quality factors and lasing,” Phys. Rev. B 72, 193303 (2005).

Lam, S.

J. A. Timpson, D. Sanvitto, A. Daraei, P. S. S. Guimaraes, H. Vinck, S. Lam, D. M. Whittaker, M. S. Skolnick, A. M. Fox, C. Y. Hu, Y. L. D. Ho, R. Gibson, J. G. Rarity, S. Pellegrini, K. J. Gordon, R. E. Warburton, G. S. Guller, A. Tahraoui, P. W. Fry, and M. Hopkinson, “Single photon sources based upon single quantum dots in semiconductor microcavity pillars,” J. Mod. Opt. 54, 453–465 (2007).
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Langbein, W.

Larkin, I. A.

P. W. Fry, I. E. Itskevich, D. J. Mowbray, M. S. Skolnick, J. J. Finley, J. A. Barker, E. P. O’Reilly, L. R. Wilson, I. A. Larkin, P. A. Maksym, M. Hopkinson, M. Al-Khafaji, J. P. R. David, A. G. Cullis, G. Hill, and J. C. Clark, “Inverted electron-hole alignment in InAs-GaAs self-assembled quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 733736 (2000).
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J. M. Gérard, B. Sermage, B. Gayral, B. Legrand, E. Costard, and V. Thierry-Mieg, “Enhanced spontaneous emission by quantum boxes in a monolithic optical microcavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 1110–1113 (1998).
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E. Peter, P. Senellart, D. Martrou, A. Lemaitre, J. Hours, J. M. Gerard, and J. Bloch, “Exciton-photon strong-coupling regime for a single quantum dot embedded in a microcavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 067401 (2005).
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Levi, A. F. J.

R. E. Slusher, A. F. J. Levi, U. Mohideen, S. L. McCall, and R. A. Logan, “Threshold characteristics of semiconductor microdisk lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 1310–1312 (1993).
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J. Zhu, S. K. Ozdemir, Y.-F. Xiao, L. Li, L. He, D.-R. Chen, and L. Yang, “On-chip single nanoparticle detection and sizing by mode splitting in an ultrahigh-Q microresonator,” Nature Photon. 4, 46–49 (2010).
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Li, X.

W. H. Wang, S. Ghosh, F. M. Mendoza, X. Li, D. D. Awschalom, and N. Samarth, “Static and dynamic spectroscopy of (Al,Ga)As/GaAs microdisk lasers with interface fluctuation quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. B 71, 155306 (2005).
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Lofler, A.

S. M. Ulrich, C. Gies, S. Ates, J. Wiersig, S Reitzenstein, C. Hofmann, A. Lofler, A. Forchel, F. Jahnke, and P. Michler, “Photon statistics of semiconductor microcavity lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 043906 (2007).
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Logan, R. A.

R. E. Slusher, A. F. J. Levi, U. Mohideen, S. L. McCall, and R. A. Logan, “Threshold characteristics of semiconductor microdisk lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 1310–1312 (1993).
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Lonergan, M.C.

Lourtioz, J.-M.

J.-M. Lourtioz, H. Benisty, V. Berger, J.-M. Gérard, D. Maystre, and A. Tchelnokov, Photonic Crystals, 2nd ed. (Springer-Verlag, 2008).

Ma, Y.

H. Cao, J. Y. Xu, W. H. Xiang, Y. Ma, S. H. Chang, S. T. Ho, and G. S. Solomon, “Optically pumped InAs quantum dot microdisk lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3519–3521 (2000).
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Y. Yamamoto, S. Machida, and G. Björk, “Microcavity semiconductor laser with enhanced spontaneous emission,” Phys. Rev. A 44, 657–668 (1991).
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J. Renner, L. Worschech, A. Forchel, S. Mahapatra, and K. Brunner, “Whispering gallery modes in high quality ZnSe/ZnMgSSe microdisks with CdSe quantum dots studied at room temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 091105 (2006).
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J. Renner, L. Worschech, A. Forchel, S. Mahapatra, and K. Brunner, “CdSe quantum dot microdisk laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 231104 (2006).
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Maksym, P. A.

P. W. Fry, I. E. Itskevich, D. J. Mowbray, M. S. Skolnick, J. J. Finley, J. A. Barker, E. P. O’Reilly, L. R. Wilson, I. A. Larkin, P. A. Maksym, M. Hopkinson, M. Al-Khafaji, J. P. R. David, A. G. Cullis, G. Hill, and J. C. Clark, “Inverted electron-hole alignment in InAs-GaAs self-assembled quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 733736 (2000).
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Malik, N. S.

P. Jaffrennou, J. Claudon, M. Bazin, N. S. Malik, S. Reitzenstein, L. Worschech, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, and J.-M. Gérard, “Whispering gallery mode lasing in high quality GaAs/AlAs pillar microcavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 071103 (2010).
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Manin, L.

B. Gayral, J. M. Gerard, A. Lemaitre, C. Dupuis, L. Manin, and J. L. Pelouard, “High–Q wet-etched GaAs microdisks containing InAs quantum boxes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1908–1910 (1999).
[Crossref]

Martrou, D.

E. Peter, P. Senellart, D. Martrou, A. Lemaitre, J. Hours, J. M. Gerard, and J. Bloch, “Exciton-photon strong-coupling regime for a single quantum dot embedded in a microcavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 067401 (2005).
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J.-M. Lourtioz, H. Benisty, V. Berger, J.-M. Gérard, D. Maystre, and A. Tchelnokov, Photonic Crystals, 2nd ed. (Springer-Verlag, 2008).

Mazzei, A.

A. Mazzei, S. Götzinger, L. de S. Menezes, G. Zumofen, O. Benson, and V. Sandoghar, “Controlled coupling of counterpropagating whispering-gallery modes by a single Rayleigh scatterer: a classical problem in a quantum optical light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 173603 (2007).
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McCall, S. L.

R. E. Slusher, A. F. J. Levi, U. Mohideen, S. L. McCall, and R. A. Logan, “Threshold characteristics of semiconductor microdisk lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 1310–1312 (1993).
[Crossref]

S. L. McCall, A. F. J. Levi, R. E. Slusher, S. J. Pearton, and R. A. Logan, “Whispering gallery mode microdisk lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 289–291 (1992).
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Mendoza, F. M.

W. H. Wang, S. Ghosh, F. M. Mendoza, X. Li, D. D. Awschalom, and N. Samarth, “Static and dynamic spectroscopy of (Al,Ga)As/GaAs microdisk lasers with interface fluctuation quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. B 71, 155306 (2005).
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Menezes, L. de S.

A. Mazzei, S. Götzinger, L. de S. Menezes, G. Zumofen, O. Benson, and V. Sandoghar, “Controlled coupling of counterpropagating whispering-gallery modes by a single Rayleigh scatterer: a classical problem in a quantum optical light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 173603 (2007).
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Michler, P.

S. M. Ulrich, C. Gies, S. Ates, J. Wiersig, S Reitzenstein, C. Hofmann, A. Lofler, A. Forchel, F. Jahnke, and P. Michler, “Photon statistics of semiconductor microcavity lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 043906 (2007).
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Mohideen, U.

R. E. Slusher, A. F. J. Levi, U. Mohideen, S. L. McCall, and R. A. Logan, “Threshold characteristics of semiconductor microdisk lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 1310–1312 (1993).
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Morand, A.

Mosor, S.

J. Hendrickson, B. C. Richards, J. Sweet, S. Mosor, C. Christenson, D. Lam, G. Khitrova, and H. M. Gibbs, “Quantum dot photonic-crystal-slab nanocavities: quality factors and lasing,” Phys. Rev. B 72, 193303 (2005).

Mowbray, D. J.

P. W. Fry, I. E. Itskevich, D. J. Mowbray, M. S. Skolnick, J. J. Finley, J. A. Barker, E. P. O’Reilly, L. R. Wilson, I. A. Larkin, P. A. Maksym, M. Hopkinson, M. Al-Khafaji, J. P. R. David, A. G. Cullis, G. Hill, and J. C. Clark, “Inverted electron-hole alignment in InAs-GaAs self-assembled quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 733736 (2000).
[Crossref]

Narimanov, E. E.

Nikolaev, N. I.

Nowicki-Bringuier, Y. R.

O’Reilly, E. P.

P. W. Fry, I. E. Itskevich, D. J. Mowbray, M. S. Skolnick, J. J. Finley, J. A. Barker, E. P. O’Reilly, L. R. Wilson, I. A. Larkin, P. A. Maksym, M. Hopkinson, M. Al-Khafaji, J. P. R. David, A. G. Cullis, G. Hill, and J. C. Clark, “Inverted electron-hole alignment in InAs-GaAs self-assembled quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 733736 (2000).
[Crossref]

Oxborrow, M.

T. Carmon, H. G. L. Schwefel, L. Yang, M. Oxborrow, A. D. Stone, and K. J. Vahala, “Static envelope patterns in composite resonances generated by level crossing in optical toroidal microcavities,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 103905 (2008).
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M. Oxborrow, “Traceable 2-D finite-element simulation of the whispering-gallery modes of axisymmetric electromagnetic resonator,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 55, 1209–1218 (2007).
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Ozdemir, S. K.

J. Zhu, S. K. Ozdemir, Y.-F. Xiao, L. Li, L. He, D.-R. Chen, and L. Yang, “On-chip single nanoparticle detection and sizing by mode splitting in an ultrahigh-Q microresonator,” Nature Photon. 4, 46–49 (2010).
[Crossref]

Painter, O.

K. Srinivasan, M. Borselli, T. J. Johnson, P. E. Barclay, and O. Painter, “Optical loss and lasing characteristics of high–quality–factor AlGaAs microdisk resonators with embedded quantum dots,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 151106 (2005).
[Crossref]

Palingins, P.

Pearton, S. J.

S. L. McCall, A. F. J. Levi, R. E. Slusher, S. J. Pearton, and R. A. Logan, “Whispering gallery mode microdisk lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 289–291 (1992).
[Crossref]

Pellegrini, S.

J. A. Timpson, D. Sanvitto, A. Daraei, P. S. S. Guimaraes, H. Vinck, S. Lam, D. M. Whittaker, M. S. Skolnick, A. M. Fox, C. Y. Hu, Y. L. D. Ho, R. Gibson, J. G. Rarity, S. Pellegrini, K. J. Gordon, R. E. Warburton, G. S. Guller, A. Tahraoui, P. W. Fry, and M. Hopkinson, “Single photon sources based upon single quantum dots in semiconductor microcavity pillars,” J. Mod. Opt. 54, 453–465 (2007).
[Crossref]

Pelouard, J. L.

B. Gayral, J. M. Gerard, A. Lemaitre, C. Dupuis, L. Manin, and J. L. Pelouard, “High–Q wet-etched GaAs microdisks containing InAs quantum boxes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1908–1910 (1999).
[Crossref]

Peter, E.

E. Peter, P. Senellart, D. Martrou, A. Lemaitre, J. Hours, J. M. Gerard, and J. Bloch, “Exciton-photon strong-coupling regime for a single quantum dot embedded in a microcavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 067401 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rarity, J. G.

J. A. Timpson, D. Sanvitto, A. Daraei, P. S. S. Guimaraes, H. Vinck, S. Lam, D. M. Whittaker, M. S. Skolnick, A. M. Fox, C. Y. Hu, Y. L. D. Ho, R. Gibson, J. G. Rarity, S. Pellegrini, K. J. Gordon, R. E. Warburton, G. S. Guller, A. Tahraoui, P. W. Fry, and M. Hopkinson, “Single photon sources based upon single quantum dots in semiconductor microcavity pillars,” J. Mod. Opt. 54, 453–465 (2007).
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J. P. Reithmaier, “Strong exciton-photon coupling in semiconductor quantum dots systems,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 23, 123001 (2008).
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Reitzenstein, S

S. M. Ulrich, C. Gies, S. Ates, J. Wiersig, S Reitzenstein, C. Hofmann, A. Lofler, A. Forchel, F. Jahnke, and P. Michler, “Photon statistics of semiconductor microcavity lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 043906 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Reitzenstein, S.

S. Reitzenstein and A. Forchel, “Quantum dot micropillars,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 43, 033001 (2010).
[Crossref]

P. Jaffrennou, J. Claudon, M. Bazin, N. S. Malik, S. Reitzenstein, L. Worschech, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, and J.-M. Gérard, “Whispering gallery mode lasing in high quality GaAs/AlAs pillar microcavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 071103 (2010).
[Crossref]

Y. R. Nowicki-Bringuier, J. Claudon, C. Bockler, S. Reitzenstein, M. Kamp, A. Morand, A. Forchel, and J. M. Gerard, “High Q whispering gallery modes in GaAs/AlAs pillar microcavities,” Opt. Express 15, 17291–17304 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Renner, J.

J. Renner, L. Worschech, A. Forchel, S. Mahapatra, and K. Brunner, “Whispering gallery modes in high quality ZnSe/ZnMgSSe microdisks with CdSe quantum dots studied at room temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 091105 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Renner, L. Worschech, A. Forchel, S. Mahapatra, and K. Brunner, “CdSe quantum dot microdisk laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 231104 (2006).
[Crossref]

Richards, B. C.

J. Hendrickson, B. C. Richards, J. Sweet, S. Mosor, C. Christenson, D. Lam, G. Khitrova, and H. M. Gibbs, “Quantum dot photonic-crystal-slab nanocavities: quality factors and lasing,” Phys. Rev. B 72, 193303 (2005).

Samarth, N.

W. H. Wang, S. Ghosh, F. M. Mendoza, X. Li, D. D. Awschalom, and N. Samarth, “Static and dynamic spectroscopy of (Al,Ga)As/GaAs microdisk lasers with interface fluctuation quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. B 71, 155306 (2005).
[Crossref]

Sandoghar, V.

A. Mazzei, S. Götzinger, L. de S. Menezes, G. Zumofen, O. Benson, and V. Sandoghar, “Controlled coupling of counterpropagating whispering-gallery modes by a single Rayleigh scatterer: a classical problem in a quantum optical light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 173603 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sanvitto, D.

J. A. Timpson, D. Sanvitto, A. Daraei, P. S. S. Guimaraes, H. Vinck, S. Lam, D. M. Whittaker, M. S. Skolnick, A. M. Fox, C. Y. Hu, Y. L. D. Ho, R. Gibson, J. G. Rarity, S. Pellegrini, K. J. Gordon, R. E. Warburton, G. S. Guller, A. Tahraoui, P. W. Fry, and M. Hopkinson, “Single photon sources based upon single quantum dots in semiconductor microcavity pillars,” J. Mod. Opt. 54, 453–465 (2007).
[Crossref]

V. N. Astratov, S. Yang, S. Lam, B. D. Jones, D. Sanvitto, D. M. Whittaker, A. M. Fox, M. S. Skolnick, A. Tahraoui, P. W. Fry, and M. Hopkinson, “Whispering gallery resonances in semiconductor micropillars,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 071115 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. Daraei, A. Tahraoui, D. Sanvitto, J. A. Timpson, P. W. Fry, M. Hopkinson, P. S. S. Guimaraes, H. Vinck, D. M. Whittaker, M. S. Skolnick, and A. M. Fox, “Control of polarized single quantum dot emission in high-quality-factor microcavity pillars,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88051113 (2006).
[Crossref]

Scherer, A.

G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, M. Kira, S. W. Koch, and A. Scherer, “Vacuum Rabi splitting in semiconductors,” Nat. Phys. 2, 81–90 (2006).
[Crossref]

Schwefel, H. G. L.

T. Carmon, H. G. L. Schwefel, L. Yang, M. Oxborrow, A. D. Stone, and K. J. Vahala, “Static envelope patterns in composite resonances generated by level crossing in optical toroidal microcavities,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 103905 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Senellart, P.

E. Peter, P. Senellart, D. Martrou, A. Lemaitre, J. Hours, J. M. Gerard, and J. Bloch, “Exciton-photon strong-coupling regime for a single quantum dot embedded in a microcavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 067401 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sermage, B.

J. M. Gérard, B. Sermage, B. Gayral, B. Legrand, E. Costard, and V. Thierry-Mieg, “Enhanced spontaneous emission by quantum boxes in a monolithic optical microcavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 1110–1113 (1998).
[Crossref]

Skolnick, M. S.

V. N. Astratov, S. Yang, S. Lam, B. D. Jones, D. Sanvitto, D. M. Whittaker, A. M. Fox, M. S. Skolnick, A. Tahraoui, P. W. Fry, and M. Hopkinson, “Whispering gallery resonances in semiconductor micropillars,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 071115 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. A. Timpson, D. Sanvitto, A. Daraei, P. S. S. Guimaraes, H. Vinck, S. Lam, D. M. Whittaker, M. S. Skolnick, A. M. Fox, C. Y. Hu, Y. L. D. Ho, R. Gibson, J. G. Rarity, S. Pellegrini, K. J. Gordon, R. E. Warburton, G. S. Guller, A. Tahraoui, P. W. Fry, and M. Hopkinson, “Single photon sources based upon single quantum dots in semiconductor microcavity pillars,” J. Mod. Opt. 54, 453–465 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. Daraei, A. Tahraoui, D. Sanvitto, J. A. Timpson, P. W. Fry, M. Hopkinson, P. S. S. Guimaraes, H. Vinck, D. M. Whittaker, M. S. Skolnick, and A. M. Fox, “Control of polarized single quantum dot emission in high-quality-factor microcavity pillars,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88051113 (2006).
[Crossref]

P. W. Fry, I. E. Itskevich, D. J. Mowbray, M. S. Skolnick, J. J. Finley, J. A. Barker, E. P. O’Reilly, L. R. Wilson, I. A. Larkin, P. A. Maksym, M. Hopkinson, M. Al-Khafaji, J. P. R. David, A. G. Cullis, G. Hill, and J. C. Clark, “Inverted electron-hole alignment in InAs-GaAs self-assembled quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 733736 (2000).
[Crossref]

Slusher, R. E.

R. E. Slusher, A. F. J. Levi, U. Mohideen, S. L. McCall, and R. A. Logan, “Threshold characteristics of semiconductor microdisk lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 1310–1312 (1993).
[Crossref]

S. L. McCall, A. F. J. Levi, R. E. Slusher, S. J. Pearton, and R. A. Logan, “Whispering gallery mode microdisk lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 289–291 (1992).
[Crossref]

Solomon, G. S.

H. Cao, J. Y. Xu, W. H. Xiang, Y. Ma, S. H. Chang, S. T. Ho, and G. S. Solomon, “Optically pumped InAs quantum dot microdisk lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3519–3521 (2000).
[Crossref]

Someya, T.

S. Kako, T. Someya, and Y. Arakawa, “Observation of enhanced spontaneous emission coupling factor in nitride-based vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 722–724 (2002).
[Crossref]

Srinivasan, K.

K. Srinivasan, M. Borselli, T. J. Johnson, P. E. Barclay, and O. Painter, “Optical loss and lasing characteristics of high–quality–factor AlGaAs microdisk resonators with embedded quantum dots,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 151106 (2005).
[Crossref]

Stone, A. D.

T. Carmon, H. G. L. Schwefel, L. Yang, M. Oxborrow, A. D. Stone, and K. J. Vahala, “Static envelope patterns in composite resonances generated by level crossing in optical toroidal microcavities,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 103905 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sweet, J.

J. Hendrickson, B. C. Richards, J. Sweet, S. Mosor, C. Christenson, D. Lam, G. Khitrova, and H. M. Gibbs, “Quantum dot photonic-crystal-slab nanocavities: quality factors and lasing,” Phys. Rev. B 72, 193303 (2005).

Tahraoui, A.

J. A. Timpson, D. Sanvitto, A. Daraei, P. S. S. Guimaraes, H. Vinck, S. Lam, D. M. Whittaker, M. S. Skolnick, A. M. Fox, C. Y. Hu, Y. L. D. Ho, R. Gibson, J. G. Rarity, S. Pellegrini, K. J. Gordon, R. E. Warburton, G. S. Guller, A. Tahraoui, P. W. Fry, and M. Hopkinson, “Single photon sources based upon single quantum dots in semiconductor microcavity pillars,” J. Mod. Opt. 54, 453–465 (2007).
[Crossref]

V. N. Astratov, S. Yang, S. Lam, B. D. Jones, D. Sanvitto, D. M. Whittaker, A. M. Fox, M. S. Skolnick, A. Tahraoui, P. W. Fry, and M. Hopkinson, “Whispering gallery resonances in semiconductor micropillars,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 071115 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. Daraei, A. Tahraoui, D. Sanvitto, J. A. Timpson, P. W. Fry, M. Hopkinson, P. S. S. Guimaraes, H. Vinck, D. M. Whittaker, M. S. Skolnick, and A. M. Fox, “Control of polarized single quantum dot emission in high-quality-factor microcavity pillars,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88051113 (2006).
[Crossref]

Tchelnokov, A.

J.-M. Lourtioz, H. Benisty, V. Berger, J.-M. Gérard, D. Maystre, and A. Tchelnokov, Photonic Crystals, 2nd ed. (Springer-Verlag, 2008).

Thierry-Mieg, V.

J. M. Gérard, B. Sermage, B. Gayral, B. Legrand, E. Costard, and V. Thierry-Mieg, “Enhanced spontaneous emission by quantum boxes in a monolithic optical microcavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 1110–1113 (1998).
[Crossref]

Timpson, J. A.

J. A. Timpson, D. Sanvitto, A. Daraei, P. S. S. Guimaraes, H. Vinck, S. Lam, D. M. Whittaker, M. S. Skolnick, A. M. Fox, C. Y. Hu, Y. L. D. Ho, R. Gibson, J. G. Rarity, S. Pellegrini, K. J. Gordon, R. E. Warburton, G. S. Guller, A. Tahraoui, P. W. Fry, and M. Hopkinson, “Single photon sources based upon single quantum dots in semiconductor microcavity pillars,” J. Mod. Opt. 54, 453–465 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. Daraei, A. Tahraoui, D. Sanvitto, J. A. Timpson, P. W. Fry, M. Hopkinson, P. S. S. Guimaraes, H. Vinck, D. M. Whittaker, M. S. Skolnick, and A. M. Fox, “Control of polarized single quantum dot emission in high-quality-factor microcavity pillars,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88051113 (2006).
[Crossref]

Ulrich, S. M.

S. M. Ulrich, C. Gies, S. Ates, J. Wiersig, S Reitzenstein, C. Hofmann, A. Lofler, A. Forchel, F. Jahnke, and P. Michler, “Photon statistics of semiconductor microcavity lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 043906 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vahala, K. J.

T. Carmon, H. G. L. Schwefel, L. Yang, M. Oxborrow, A. D. Stone, and K. J. Vahala, “Static envelope patterns in composite resonances generated by level crossing in optical toroidal microcavities,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 103905 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. J. Vahala, “Optical microcavities,” Nature (London) 424, 839–846 (2003).
[Crossref]

Vinck, H.

J. A. Timpson, D. Sanvitto, A. Daraei, P. S. S. Guimaraes, H. Vinck, S. Lam, D. M. Whittaker, M. S. Skolnick, A. M. Fox, C. Y. Hu, Y. L. D. Ho, R. Gibson, J. G. Rarity, S. Pellegrini, K. J. Gordon, R. E. Warburton, G. S. Guller, A. Tahraoui, P. W. Fry, and M. Hopkinson, “Single photon sources based upon single quantum dots in semiconductor microcavity pillars,” J. Mod. Opt. 54, 453–465 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. Daraei, A. Tahraoui, D. Sanvitto, J. A. Timpson, P. W. Fry, M. Hopkinson, P. S. S. Guimaraes, H. Vinck, D. M. Whittaker, M. S. Skolnick, and A. M. Fox, “Control of polarized single quantum dot emission in high-quality-factor microcavity pillars,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88051113 (2006).
[Crossref]

Voisin, P.

S. Cortez, O. Krebs, P. Voisin, and J. M. Gérard, “Polarization of the interband optical dipole in InAs/GaAs self-organized quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. B 63, 233306 (2001).
[Crossref]

Wang, H.

Wang, W. H.

W. H. Wang, S. Ghosh, F. M. Mendoza, X. Li, D. D. Awschalom, and N. Samarth, “Static and dynamic spectroscopy of (Al,Ga)As/GaAs microdisk lasers with interface fluctuation quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. B 71, 155306 (2005).
[Crossref]

Warburton, R. E.

J. A. Timpson, D. Sanvitto, A. Daraei, P. S. S. Guimaraes, H. Vinck, S. Lam, D. M. Whittaker, M. S. Skolnick, A. M. Fox, C. Y. Hu, Y. L. D. Ho, R. Gibson, J. G. Rarity, S. Pellegrini, K. J. Gordon, R. E. Warburton, G. S. Guller, A. Tahraoui, P. W. Fry, and M. Hopkinson, “Single photon sources based upon single quantum dots in semiconductor microcavity pillars,” J. Mod. Opt. 54, 453–465 (2007).
[Crossref]

Whittaker, D. M.

J. A. Timpson, D. Sanvitto, A. Daraei, P. S. S. Guimaraes, H. Vinck, S. Lam, D. M. Whittaker, M. S. Skolnick, A. M. Fox, C. Y. Hu, Y. L. D. Ho, R. Gibson, J. G. Rarity, S. Pellegrini, K. J. Gordon, R. E. Warburton, G. S. Guller, A. Tahraoui, P. W. Fry, and M. Hopkinson, “Single photon sources based upon single quantum dots in semiconductor microcavity pillars,” J. Mod. Opt. 54, 453–465 (2007).
[Crossref]

V. N. Astratov, S. Yang, S. Lam, B. D. Jones, D. Sanvitto, D. M. Whittaker, A. M. Fox, M. S. Skolnick, A. Tahraoui, P. W. Fry, and M. Hopkinson, “Whispering gallery resonances in semiconductor micropillars,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 071115 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. Daraei, A. Tahraoui, D. Sanvitto, J. A. Timpson, P. W. Fry, M. Hopkinson, P. S. S. Guimaraes, H. Vinck, D. M. Whittaker, M. S. Skolnick, and A. M. Fox, “Control of polarized single quantum dot emission in high-quality-factor microcavity pillars,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88051113 (2006).
[Crossref]

Wiersig, J.

S. M. Ulrich, C. Gies, S. Ates, J. Wiersig, S Reitzenstein, C. Hofmann, A. Lofler, A. Forchel, F. Jahnke, and P. Michler, “Photon statistics of semiconductor microcavity lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 043906 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wilson, L. R.

P. W. Fry, I. E. Itskevich, D. J. Mowbray, M. S. Skolnick, J. J. Finley, J. A. Barker, E. P. O’Reilly, L. R. Wilson, I. A. Larkin, P. A. Maksym, M. Hopkinson, M. Al-Khafaji, J. P. R. David, A. G. Cullis, G. Hill, and J. C. Clark, “Inverted electron-hole alignment in InAs-GaAs self-assembled quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 733736 (2000).
[Crossref]

Worschech, L.

P. Jaffrennou, J. Claudon, M. Bazin, N. S. Malik, S. Reitzenstein, L. Worschech, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, and J.-M. Gérard, “Whispering gallery mode lasing in high quality GaAs/AlAs pillar microcavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 071103 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Renner, L. Worschech, A. Forchel, S. Mahapatra, and K. Brunner, “CdSe quantum dot microdisk laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 231104 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Renner, L. Worschech, A. Forchel, S. Mahapatra, and K. Brunner, “Whispering gallery modes in high quality ZnSe/ZnMgSSe microdisks with CdSe quantum dots studied at room temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 091105 (2006).
[Crossref]

Xiang, W. H.

H. Cao, J. Y. Xu, W. H. Xiang, Y. Ma, S. H. Chang, S. T. Ho, and G. S. Solomon, “Optically pumped InAs quantum dot microdisk lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3519–3521 (2000).
[Crossref]

Xiao, Y.-F.

J. Zhu, S. K. Ozdemir, Y.-F. Xiao, L. Li, L. He, D.-R. Chen, and L. Yang, “On-chip single nanoparticle detection and sizing by mode splitting in an ultrahigh-Q microresonator,” Nature Photon. 4, 46–49 (2010).
[Crossref]

Xu, J. Y.

H. Cao, J. Y. Xu, W. H. Xiang, Y. Ma, S. H. Chang, S. T. Ho, and G. S. Solomon, “Optically pumped InAs quantum dot microdisk lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3519–3521 (2000).
[Crossref]

Yamamoto, Y.

Y. Yamamoto, S. Machida, and G. Björk, “Microcavity semiconductor laser with enhanced spontaneous emission,” Phys. Rev. A 44, 657–668 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, L.

J. Zhu, S. K. Ozdemir, Y.-F. Xiao, L. Li, L. He, D.-R. Chen, and L. Yang, “On-chip single nanoparticle detection and sizing by mode splitting in an ultrahigh-Q microresonator,” Nature Photon. 4, 46–49 (2010).
[Crossref]

T. Carmon, H. G. L. Schwefel, L. Yang, M. Oxborrow, A. D. Stone, and K. J. Vahala, “Static envelope patterns in composite resonances generated by level crossing in optical toroidal microcavities,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 103905 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, S.

V. N. Astratov, S. Yang, S. Lam, B. D. Jones, D. Sanvitto, D. M. Whittaker, A. M. Fox, M. S. Skolnick, A. Tahraoui, P. W. Fry, and M. Hopkinson, “Whispering gallery resonances in semiconductor micropillars,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 071115 (2007).
[Crossref]

Zhu, J.

J. Zhu, S. K. Ozdemir, Y.-F. Xiao, L. Li, L. He, D.-R. Chen, and L. Yang, “On-chip single nanoparticle detection and sizing by mode splitting in an ultrahigh-Q microresonator,” Nature Photon. 4, 46–49 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zumofen, G.

A. Mazzei, S. Götzinger, L. de S. Menezes, G. Zumofen, O. Benson, and V. Sandoghar, “Controlled coupling of counterpropagating whispering-gallery modes by a single Rayleigh scatterer: a classical problem in a quantum optical light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 173603 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (11)

B. Gayral, J. M. Gerard, A. Lemaitre, C. Dupuis, L. Manin, and J. L. Pelouard, “High–Q wet-etched GaAs microdisks containing InAs quantum boxes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1908–1910 (1999).
[Crossref]

J. Renner, L. Worschech, A. Forchel, S. Mahapatra, and K. Brunner, “Whispering gallery modes in high quality ZnSe/ZnMgSSe microdisks with CdSe quantum dots studied at room temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 091105 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Renner, L. Worschech, A. Forchel, S. Mahapatra, and K. Brunner, “CdSe quantum dot microdisk laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 231104 (2006).
[Crossref]

K. Srinivasan, M. Borselli, T. J. Johnson, P. E. Barclay, and O. Painter, “Optical loss and lasing characteristics of high–quality–factor AlGaAs microdisk resonators with embedded quantum dots,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 151106 (2005).
[Crossref]

H. Cao, J. Y. Xu, W. H. Xiang, Y. Ma, S. H. Chang, S. T. Ho, and G. S. Solomon, “Optically pumped InAs quantum dot microdisk lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3519–3521 (2000).
[Crossref]

S. L. McCall, A. F. J. Levi, R. E. Slusher, S. J. Pearton, and R. A. Logan, “Whispering gallery mode microdisk lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 289–291 (1992).
[Crossref]

R. E. Slusher, A. F. J. Levi, U. Mohideen, S. L. McCall, and R. A. Logan, “Threshold characteristics of semiconductor microdisk lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 1310–1312 (1993).
[Crossref]

V. N. Astratov, S. Yang, S. Lam, B. D. Jones, D. Sanvitto, D. M. Whittaker, A. M. Fox, M. S. Skolnick, A. Tahraoui, P. W. Fry, and M. Hopkinson, “Whispering gallery resonances in semiconductor micropillars,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 071115 (2007).
[Crossref]

P. Jaffrennou, J. Claudon, M. Bazin, N. S. Malik, S. Reitzenstein, L. Worschech, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, and J.-M. Gérard, “Whispering gallery mode lasing in high quality GaAs/AlAs pillar microcavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 071103 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. Daraei, A. Tahraoui, D. Sanvitto, J. A. Timpson, P. W. Fry, M. Hopkinson, P. S. S. Guimaraes, H. Vinck, D. M. Whittaker, M. S. Skolnick, and A. M. Fox, “Control of polarized single quantum dot emission in high-quality-factor microcavity pillars,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88051113 (2006).
[Crossref]

S. Kako, T. Someya, and Y. Arakawa, “Observation of enhanced spontaneous emission coupling factor in nitride-based vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 722–724 (2002).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. (1)

M. Oxborrow, “Traceable 2-D finite-element simulation of the whispering-gallery modes of axisymmetric electromagnetic resonator,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 55, 1209–1218 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

S. Adachi, “Optical disperson relations for GaP, GaAs, GaSb, InP, InAs, InSb, AlxGa1–xAs, and In1–xGaxAsyP1–y,” J. Appl. Phys. 66, 6030–6040 (1989).
[Crossref]

M. K. Chin, D. Y. Chu, and S.-T. Ho, “Estimation of the spontaneous emission factor for microdisk lasers via the approximation of whispering gallery modes,” J. Appl. Phys. 75, 3302–3307 (1994).
[Crossref]

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

J. A. Timpson, D. Sanvitto, A. Daraei, P. S. S. Guimaraes, H. Vinck, S. Lam, D. M. Whittaker, M. S. Skolnick, A. M. Fox, C. Y. Hu, Y. L. D. Ho, R. Gibson, J. G. Rarity, S. Pellegrini, K. J. Gordon, R. E. Warburton, G. S. Guller, A. Tahraoui, P. W. Fry, and M. Hopkinson, “Single photon sources based upon single quantum dots in semiconductor microcavity pillars,” J. Mod. Opt. 54, 453–465 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. (1)

S. Reitzenstein and A. Forchel, “Quantum dot micropillars,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 43, 033001 (2010).
[Crossref]

Nat. Phys. (1)

G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, M. Kira, S. W. Koch, and A. Scherer, “Vacuum Rabi splitting in semiconductors,” Nat. Phys. 2, 81–90 (2006).
[Crossref]

Nature (London) (1)

K. J. Vahala, “Optical microcavities,” Nature (London) 424, 839–846 (2003).
[Crossref]

Nature Photon. (2)

J. Zhu, S. K. Ozdemir, Y.-F. Xiao, L. Li, L. He, D.-R. Chen, and L. Yang, “On-chip single nanoparticle detection and sizing by mode splitting in an ultrahigh-Q microresonator,” Nature Photon. 4, 46–49 (2010).
[Crossref]

T. J. Kippenberg, “Microresonators: particle sizing by mode splitting,” Nature Photon. 4, 9–10 (2010).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

Y. Yamamoto, S. Machida, and G. Björk, “Microcavity semiconductor laser with enhanced spontaneous emission,” Phys. Rev. A 44, 657–668 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. B (4)

W. H. Wang, S. Ghosh, F. M. Mendoza, X. Li, D. D. Awschalom, and N. Samarth, “Static and dynamic spectroscopy of (Al,Ga)As/GaAs microdisk lasers with interface fluctuation quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. B 71, 155306 (2005).
[Crossref]

S. Cortez, O. Krebs, P. Voisin, and J. M. Gérard, “Polarization of the interband optical dipole in InAs/GaAs self-organized quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. B 63, 233306 (2001).
[Crossref]

J. Hendrickson, B. C. Richards, J. Sweet, S. Mosor, C. Christenson, D. Lam, G. Khitrova, and H. M. Gibbs, “Quantum dot photonic-crystal-slab nanocavities: quality factors and lasing,” Phys. Rev. B 72, 193303 (2005).

S. V. Goupalov, “Light scattering on exciton resonance in a semiconductor quantum dot: exact solution,” Phys. Rev. B 68, 125311 (2003).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (6)

T. Carmon, H. G. L. Schwefel, L. Yang, M. Oxborrow, A. D. Stone, and K. J. Vahala, “Static envelope patterns in composite resonances generated by level crossing in optical toroidal microcavities,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 103905 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. M. Ulrich, C. Gies, S. Ates, J. Wiersig, S Reitzenstein, C. Hofmann, A. Lofler, A. Forchel, F. Jahnke, and P. Michler, “Photon statistics of semiconductor microcavity lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 043906 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. W. Fry, I. E. Itskevich, D. J. Mowbray, M. S. Skolnick, J. J. Finley, J. A. Barker, E. P. O’Reilly, L. R. Wilson, I. A. Larkin, P. A. Maksym, M. Hopkinson, M. Al-Khafaji, J. P. R. David, A. G. Cullis, G. Hill, and J. C. Clark, “Inverted electron-hole alignment in InAs-GaAs self-assembled quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 733736 (2000).
[Crossref]

J. M. Gérard, B. Sermage, B. Gayral, B. Legrand, E. Costard, and V. Thierry-Mieg, “Enhanced spontaneous emission by quantum boxes in a monolithic optical microcavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 1110–1113 (1998).
[Crossref]

A. Mazzei, S. Götzinger, L. de S. Menezes, G. Zumofen, O. Benson, and V. Sandoghar, “Controlled coupling of counterpropagating whispering-gallery modes by a single Rayleigh scatterer: a classical problem in a quantum optical light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 173603 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Peter, P. Senellart, D. Martrou, A. Lemaitre, J. Hours, J. M. Gerard, and J. Bloch, “Exciton-photon strong-coupling regime for a single quantum dot embedded in a microcavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 067401 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Physica E (Amsterdam) (1)

B. Gayral and J. M. Gerard, “Strong Purcell effect for InAs quantum boxes in high-Q wet-etched microdisks,” Physica E (Amsterdam) 7, 641–645 (2000).

Semicond. Sci. Technol. (1)

J. P. Reithmaier, “Strong exciton-photon coupling in semiconductor quantum dots systems,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 23, 123001 (2008).
[Crossref]

Other (3)

K. Vahala, ed. Optical Microcavities (World Scientific, 2004).
[Crossref]

L. Malecki, ed., Special Issue on Microresonantors, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. Electron.12, 1–155 (2006).

J.-M. Lourtioz, H. Benisty, V. Berger, J.-M. Gérard, D. Maystre, and A. Tchelnokov, Photonic Crystals, 2nd ed. (Springer-Verlag, 2008).

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

SEM image of a typical micropillar, with a schematic showing the excitation and collection paths for the off-axis micro-photoluminescence technique. ‘Horizontal’ and ‘vertical’ polarizations are defined, respectively, by whether the electric field is perpendicular to, or has a component parallel with, the ‘vertical’ pillar axis.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Non co-axial micro-photoluminescence (μPL) arrangement for observing WGMs from micropillar samples.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Comb of whispering gallery modes observed from a micropillar with a diameter of 4 μm. (b) Free spectral range (i.e. WGM separation) versus the reciprocal of the pillar radius. The red line is a fit to eqn 1. The inset shows the approximate values of the empty-cavity Q for pillar diameters of 4–20 μm.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Power dependence of the 958 nm WGM of the 4μm diameter pillar shown in Fig. 3(a) with CW pumping at 633 nm (○) and 800 nm (•). The inset shows the line narrowing under 633 nm pumping.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Logarithmic input-output curve for the 958nm lasing WGM when pumped at 633 nm (cf Fig. 4). The solid line fit is based on eqn 2 with β = 0.61 and ξ = 0.4.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Power dependence of the split modes shown in the inset to Fig. 7(a) with CW excitation at 650 nm. The inset shows the power dependence of the line widths.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(a) Split WGMs from a 5 μm diameter pillar under low power 633 nm excitation from a HeNe laser. (b) SEM image of a 5μm diameter pillar that exhibited mode splitting. The fracturing in the bottom DBR stack is indicated by the arrow.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

(a) PL spectrum from a 20μm diameter pillar under 650 nm excitation. The inset shows the doublet with mean wavelength 984.8 nm on an expanded scale. (b) Mode splitting (Δλ) versus wavelength. The grey line shows the square root of the PL with an offset, as discussed in the text.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

(a) PL spectrum of WGMs taken from a 50μm diameter pillar. The inset gives a magnified section of the spectrum around 978 nm. The components of the quadruplet are numbered 1, 2, 3 and 4 with ascending wavelength. (b) Mode splitting between the four components of the quadruplet. The schematic diagram illustrates a “triangle” mode which could cause the periodic modulation of the background spectrum in (a).

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

COMSOL simulations of the split modes of a 5 μm pillar containing randomly positioned QDs at a density of 50 μm−2. The dots are represented as black circles. The mode wavelengths were (a) 974.432 and (b) 974.594 nm. The false colour depicts the electric field amplitude, with red and blue corresponding to outward and inward radial senses respectively.

Equations (6)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Δ E h c 2 π R n eff ,
p = Γ β [ 1 + 2 ξ + 2 β ( n ¯ ξ ) ] n ¯ 1 + 2 n ¯ ,
ξ = N β 2 τ Γ ,
β = F P / ( 1 + F P ) ,
F P = 3 4 π 2 Q empty ( λ / n eff ) 3 V c .
σ ( λ ) = σ 0 + σ res ( λ ) .

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