Abstract

A linear to radial and/or azimuthal polarization converter (LRAC) has been inserted into the beam delivery of a micromachining station equipped with a picosecond laser system. Percussion drilling and helical drilling in steel have been performed using radially as well as azimuthally polarized infrared radiation at 1030 nm. The presented machining results are discussed on the basis of numerical simulations of the polarization-dependent beam propagation inside the fabricated capillaries.

© 2010 OSA

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  1. D. Breitling, C. Föhl, F. Dausinger, T. Kononenko, and V. Konov, in Femtosecond Technology for Technical and Medical Applications, F. Dausinger, F. Lichtner and H. Lubatschowski, eds. (Springer, Berlin, 2004).
  2. H. Tönshoff, C. Momma, A. Ostendorf, S. Nolte, and G. Kamlage, “Microdrilling of metals with ultrashort laser pulses,” J. Laser Appl. 12(1), 23–27 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  3. A. Ancona, F. Röser, K. Rademaker, J. Limpert, S. Nolte, and A. Tünnermann, “High speed laser drilling of metals using a high repetition rate, high average power ultrafast fiber CPA system,” Opt. Express 16(12), 8958–8968 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. C. Föhl and F. Dausinger, “High precision deep drilling with ultrashort pulses,” Proc. SPIE 5063, 346–351 (2003).
  5. J. Chang, B. Warner, E. Dragon, and M. Martinez, “Precision micromachining with pulsed green lasers,” J. Laser Appl. 10(6), 285–291 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  6. Q. Zhan, “Trapping metallic Rayleigh particles with radial polarization,” Opt. Express 12(15), 3377–3382 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. V. P. Kalosha and I. Golub, “Toward the subdiffraction focusing limit of optical superresolution,” Opt. Lett. 32(24), 3540–3542 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. I. Moshe, S. Jackel, and A. Meir, “Production of radially or azimuthally polarized beams in solid-state lasers and the elimination of thermally induced birefringence effects,” Opt. Lett. 28(10), 807–809 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. V. G. Niziev and A. V. Nesterov, “Influence of beam polarization on laser cutting efficiency,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 32(13), 1455–1461 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  10. M. Meier, V. Romano, and T. Feurer, “Material processing with pulsed radially and azimuthally polarized laser radiation,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 86(3), 329–334 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  11. T. Moser, M. Abdou Ahmed, M. Schäfer, A. Voss, M. Vogel, and T. Graf, “Exploiting radial polarization in material processing,” presented at the Stuttgart Laser Technology Forum, Stuttgart, Germany, 4–6 March 2008.
  12. S. C. Tidwell, G. H. Kim, and W. D. Kimura, “Efficient radially polarized laser beam generation with a double interferometer,” Appl. Opt. 32(27), 5222–5229 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  13. K. C. Toussaint, S. Park, J. E. Jureller, and N. F. Scherer, “Generation of optical vector beams with a diffractive optical element interferometer,” Opt. Lett. 30(21), 2846–2848 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. S. Quabis, R. Dorn, and G. Leuchs, “Generation of a radially polarized doughnut mode of high quality,” Appl. Phys. B 81(5), 597–600 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  15. W. J. Lai, B. C. Lim, P. B. Phua, K. S. Tiaw, H. H. Teo, and M. H. Hong, “Generation of radially polarized beam with a segmented spiral varying retarder,” Opt. Express 16(20), 15694–15699 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. M. Abdou-Ahmed, M. Vogel, V. Onuseit, A. Voss, R. Weber, and T. Graf, “Radially polarized thin-disk laser with 1-kW power,” invited talk, presented at the International Laser Physics Workshop, Barcelona, Spain, 13–17 July 2009.
  17. M. A. Ahmed, J. Schulz, A. Voss, O. Parriaux, J. C. Pommier, and T. Graf, “Radially polarized 3 kW beam from a CO2 laser with an intracavity resonant grating mirror,” Opt. Lett. 32(13), 1824–1826 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. T. Moser, J. Balmer, D. Delbeke, P. Muys, S. Verstuyft, and R. Baets, “Intracavity generation of radially polarized CO2 laser beams based on a simple binary dielectric diffraction grating,” Appl. Opt. 45(33), 8517–8522 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. C. Stolzenburg, and A. Giesen, “Picosecond Regenerative Yb:YAG Thin Disk Amplifier at 200 kHz Repetition Rate and 62 W Output Power,” in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper MA6.
  20. M. Abdou Ahmed, A. Voß, M. Vogel, A. Austerschulte, J. Schulz, V. Metsch, T. Moser, and T. Graf, “Radially polarized high-power lasers,” Proc. SPIE 7131, 71311I (2008).
  21. M. Kraus, S. Collmer, S. Sommer, and F. Dausinger, “Microdrilling in steel with frequency-doubled ultrashort pulsed laser radiation,” J. Laser Micro/Nanoengineering 3(3), 129–134 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  22. A. Michalowski, D. Walter, F. Dausinger, and T. Graf, “Melt dynamics and hole formation during drilling with ultrashort pulses,” J. Laser Micro/Nanoengineering 3(3), 211–215 (2008).
    [CrossRef]

2008 (5)

M. Abdou Ahmed, A. Voß, M. Vogel, A. Austerschulte, J. Schulz, V. Metsch, T. Moser, and T. Graf, “Radially polarized high-power lasers,” Proc. SPIE 7131, 71311I (2008).

M. Kraus, S. Collmer, S. Sommer, and F. Dausinger, “Microdrilling in steel with frequency-doubled ultrashort pulsed laser radiation,” J. Laser Micro/Nanoengineering 3(3), 129–134 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Michalowski, D. Walter, F. Dausinger, and T. Graf, “Melt dynamics and hole formation during drilling with ultrashort pulses,” J. Laser Micro/Nanoengineering 3(3), 211–215 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Ancona, F. Röser, K. Rademaker, J. Limpert, S. Nolte, and A. Tünnermann, “High speed laser drilling of metals using a high repetition rate, high average power ultrafast fiber CPA system,” Opt. Express 16(12), 8958–8968 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. J. Lai, B. C. Lim, P. B. Phua, K. S. Tiaw, H. H. Teo, and M. H. Hong, “Generation of radially polarized beam with a segmented spiral varying retarder,” Opt. Express 16(20), 15694–15699 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (3)

2006 (1)

2005 (2)

K. C. Toussaint, S. Park, J. E. Jureller, and N. F. Scherer, “Generation of optical vector beams with a diffractive optical element interferometer,” Opt. Lett. 30(21), 2846–2848 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Quabis, R. Dorn, and G. Leuchs, “Generation of a radially polarized doughnut mode of high quality,” Appl. Phys. B 81(5), 597–600 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

2003 (2)

2000 (1)

H. Tönshoff, C. Momma, A. Ostendorf, S. Nolte, and G. Kamlage, “Microdrilling of metals with ultrashort laser pulses,” J. Laser Appl. 12(1), 23–27 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

V. G. Niziev and A. V. Nesterov, “Influence of beam polarization on laser cutting efficiency,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 32(13), 1455–1461 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

J. Chang, B. Warner, E. Dragon, and M. Martinez, “Precision micromachining with pulsed green lasers,” J. Laser Appl. 10(6), 285–291 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

Abdou Ahmed, M.

M. Abdou Ahmed, A. Voß, M. Vogel, A. Austerschulte, J. Schulz, V. Metsch, T. Moser, and T. Graf, “Radially polarized high-power lasers,” Proc. SPIE 7131, 71311I (2008).

Ahmed, M. A.

Ancona, A.

Austerschulte, A.

M. Abdou Ahmed, A. Voß, M. Vogel, A. Austerschulte, J. Schulz, V. Metsch, T. Moser, and T. Graf, “Radially polarized high-power lasers,” Proc. SPIE 7131, 71311I (2008).

Baets, R.

Balmer, J.

Chang, J.

J. Chang, B. Warner, E. Dragon, and M. Martinez, “Precision micromachining with pulsed green lasers,” J. Laser Appl. 10(6), 285–291 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Collmer, S.

M. Kraus, S. Collmer, S. Sommer, and F. Dausinger, “Microdrilling in steel with frequency-doubled ultrashort pulsed laser radiation,” J. Laser Micro/Nanoengineering 3(3), 129–134 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dausinger, F.

M. Kraus, S. Collmer, S. Sommer, and F. Dausinger, “Microdrilling in steel with frequency-doubled ultrashort pulsed laser radiation,” J. Laser Micro/Nanoengineering 3(3), 129–134 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Michalowski, D. Walter, F. Dausinger, and T. Graf, “Melt dynamics and hole formation during drilling with ultrashort pulses,” J. Laser Micro/Nanoengineering 3(3), 211–215 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Föhl and F. Dausinger, “High precision deep drilling with ultrashort pulses,” Proc. SPIE 5063, 346–351 (2003).

Delbeke, D.

Dorn, R.

S. Quabis, R. Dorn, and G. Leuchs, “Generation of a radially polarized doughnut mode of high quality,” Appl. Phys. B 81(5), 597–600 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Dragon, E.

J. Chang, B. Warner, E. Dragon, and M. Martinez, “Precision micromachining with pulsed green lasers,” J. Laser Appl. 10(6), 285–291 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Feurer, T.

M. Meier, V. Romano, and T. Feurer, “Material processing with pulsed radially and azimuthally polarized laser radiation,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 86(3), 329–334 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Föhl, C.

C. Föhl and F. Dausinger, “High precision deep drilling with ultrashort pulses,” Proc. SPIE 5063, 346–351 (2003).

Golub, I.

Graf, T.

A. Michalowski, D. Walter, F. Dausinger, and T. Graf, “Melt dynamics and hole formation during drilling with ultrashort pulses,” J. Laser Micro/Nanoengineering 3(3), 211–215 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Abdou Ahmed, A. Voß, M. Vogel, A. Austerschulte, J. Schulz, V. Metsch, T. Moser, and T. Graf, “Radially polarized high-power lasers,” Proc. SPIE 7131, 71311I (2008).

M. A. Ahmed, J. Schulz, A. Voss, O. Parriaux, J. C. Pommier, and T. Graf, “Radially polarized 3 kW beam from a CO2 laser with an intracavity resonant grating mirror,” Opt. Lett. 32(13), 1824–1826 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hong, M. H.

Jackel, S.

Jureller, J. E.

Kalosha, V. P.

Kamlage, G.

H. Tönshoff, C. Momma, A. Ostendorf, S. Nolte, and G. Kamlage, “Microdrilling of metals with ultrashort laser pulses,” J. Laser Appl. 12(1), 23–27 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kim, G. H.

Kimura, W. D.

Kraus, M.

M. Kraus, S. Collmer, S. Sommer, and F. Dausinger, “Microdrilling in steel with frequency-doubled ultrashort pulsed laser radiation,” J. Laser Micro/Nanoengineering 3(3), 129–134 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lai, W. J.

Leuchs, G.

S. Quabis, R. Dorn, and G. Leuchs, “Generation of a radially polarized doughnut mode of high quality,” Appl. Phys. B 81(5), 597–600 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lim, B. C.

Limpert, J.

Martinez, M.

J. Chang, B. Warner, E. Dragon, and M. Martinez, “Precision micromachining with pulsed green lasers,” J. Laser Appl. 10(6), 285–291 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Meier, M.

M. Meier, V. Romano, and T. Feurer, “Material processing with pulsed radially and azimuthally polarized laser radiation,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 86(3), 329–334 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Meir, A.

Metsch, V.

M. Abdou Ahmed, A. Voß, M. Vogel, A. Austerschulte, J. Schulz, V. Metsch, T. Moser, and T. Graf, “Radially polarized high-power lasers,” Proc. SPIE 7131, 71311I (2008).

Michalowski, A.

A. Michalowski, D. Walter, F. Dausinger, and T. Graf, “Melt dynamics and hole formation during drilling with ultrashort pulses,” J. Laser Micro/Nanoengineering 3(3), 211–215 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Momma, C.

H. Tönshoff, C. Momma, A. Ostendorf, S. Nolte, and G. Kamlage, “Microdrilling of metals with ultrashort laser pulses,” J. Laser Appl. 12(1), 23–27 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Moser, T.

M. Abdou Ahmed, A. Voß, M. Vogel, A. Austerschulte, J. Schulz, V. Metsch, T. Moser, and T. Graf, “Radially polarized high-power lasers,” Proc. SPIE 7131, 71311I (2008).

T. Moser, J. Balmer, D. Delbeke, P. Muys, S. Verstuyft, and R. Baets, “Intracavity generation of radially polarized CO2 laser beams based on a simple binary dielectric diffraction grating,” Appl. Opt. 45(33), 8517–8522 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Moshe, I.

Muys, P.

Nesterov, A. V.

V. G. Niziev and A. V. Nesterov, “Influence of beam polarization on laser cutting efficiency,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 32(13), 1455–1461 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Niziev, V. G.

V. G. Niziev and A. V. Nesterov, “Influence of beam polarization on laser cutting efficiency,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 32(13), 1455–1461 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Nolte, S.

Ostendorf, A.

H. Tönshoff, C. Momma, A. Ostendorf, S. Nolte, and G. Kamlage, “Microdrilling of metals with ultrashort laser pulses,” J. Laser Appl. 12(1), 23–27 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Park, S.

Parriaux, O.

Phua, P. B.

Pommier, J. C.

Quabis, S.

S. Quabis, R. Dorn, and G. Leuchs, “Generation of a radially polarized doughnut mode of high quality,” Appl. Phys. B 81(5), 597–600 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Rademaker, K.

Romano, V.

M. Meier, V. Romano, and T. Feurer, “Material processing with pulsed radially and azimuthally polarized laser radiation,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 86(3), 329–334 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Röser, F.

Scherer, N. F.

Schulz, J.

M. Abdou Ahmed, A. Voß, M. Vogel, A. Austerschulte, J. Schulz, V. Metsch, T. Moser, and T. Graf, “Radially polarized high-power lasers,” Proc. SPIE 7131, 71311I (2008).

M. A. Ahmed, J. Schulz, A. Voss, O. Parriaux, J. C. Pommier, and T. Graf, “Radially polarized 3 kW beam from a CO2 laser with an intracavity resonant grating mirror,” Opt. Lett. 32(13), 1824–1826 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sommer, S.

M. Kraus, S. Collmer, S. Sommer, and F. Dausinger, “Microdrilling in steel with frequency-doubled ultrashort pulsed laser radiation,” J. Laser Micro/Nanoengineering 3(3), 129–134 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Teo, H. H.

Tiaw, K. S.

Tidwell, S. C.

Tönshoff, H.

H. Tönshoff, C. Momma, A. Ostendorf, S. Nolte, and G. Kamlage, “Microdrilling of metals with ultrashort laser pulses,” J. Laser Appl. 12(1), 23–27 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Toussaint, K. C.

Tünnermann, A.

Verstuyft, S.

Vogel, M.

M. Abdou Ahmed, A. Voß, M. Vogel, A. Austerschulte, J. Schulz, V. Metsch, T. Moser, and T. Graf, “Radially polarized high-power lasers,” Proc. SPIE 7131, 71311I (2008).

Voß, A.

M. Abdou Ahmed, A. Voß, M. Vogel, A. Austerschulte, J. Schulz, V. Metsch, T. Moser, and T. Graf, “Radially polarized high-power lasers,” Proc. SPIE 7131, 71311I (2008).

Voss, A.

Walter, D.

A. Michalowski, D. Walter, F. Dausinger, and T. Graf, “Melt dynamics and hole formation during drilling with ultrashort pulses,” J. Laser Micro/Nanoengineering 3(3), 211–215 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Warner, B.

J. Chang, B. Warner, E. Dragon, and M. Martinez, “Precision micromachining with pulsed green lasers,” J. Laser Appl. 10(6), 285–291 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Zhan, Q.

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

S. Quabis, R. Dorn, and G. Leuchs, “Generation of a radially polarized doughnut mode of high quality,” Appl. Phys. B 81(5), 597–600 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. (1)

M. Meier, V. Romano, and T. Feurer, “Material processing with pulsed radially and azimuthally polarized laser radiation,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 86(3), 329–334 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Laser Appl. (2)

J. Chang, B. Warner, E. Dragon, and M. Martinez, “Precision micromachining with pulsed green lasers,” J. Laser Appl. 10(6), 285–291 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. Tönshoff, C. Momma, A. Ostendorf, S. Nolte, and G. Kamlage, “Microdrilling of metals with ultrashort laser pulses,” J. Laser Appl. 12(1), 23–27 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Laser Micro/Nanoengineering (2)

M. Kraus, S. Collmer, S. Sommer, and F. Dausinger, “Microdrilling in steel with frequency-doubled ultrashort pulsed laser radiation,” J. Laser Micro/Nanoengineering 3(3), 129–134 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Michalowski, D. Walter, F. Dausinger, and T. Graf, “Melt dynamics and hole formation during drilling with ultrashort pulses,” J. Laser Micro/Nanoengineering 3(3), 211–215 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. (1)

V. G. Niziev and A. V. Nesterov, “Influence of beam polarization on laser cutting efficiency,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 32(13), 1455–1461 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Proc. SPIE (2)

C. Föhl and F. Dausinger, “High precision deep drilling with ultrashort pulses,” Proc. SPIE 5063, 346–351 (2003).

M. Abdou Ahmed, A. Voß, M. Vogel, A. Austerschulte, J. Schulz, V. Metsch, T. Moser, and T. Graf, “Radially polarized high-power lasers,” Proc. SPIE 7131, 71311I (2008).

Other (4)

M. Abdou-Ahmed, M. Vogel, V. Onuseit, A. Voss, R. Weber, and T. Graf, “Radially polarized thin-disk laser with 1-kW power,” invited talk, presented at the International Laser Physics Workshop, Barcelona, Spain, 13–17 July 2009.

C. Stolzenburg, and A. Giesen, “Picosecond Regenerative Yb:YAG Thin Disk Amplifier at 200 kHz Repetition Rate and 62 W Output Power,” in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper MA6.

T. Moser, M. Abdou Ahmed, M. Schäfer, A. Voss, M. Vogel, and T. Graf, “Exploiting radial polarization in material processing,” presented at the Stuttgart Laser Technology Forum, Stuttgart, Germany, 4–6 March 2008.

D. Breitling, C. Föhl, F. Dausinger, T. Kononenko, and V. Konov, in Femtosecond Technology for Technical and Medical Applications, F. Dausinger, F. Lichtner and H. Lubatschowski, eds. (Springer, Berlin, 2004).

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