Abstract

We show the first simultaneous OSNR monitoring of two 40 Gb/s OOK and DPSK channels, using only a wavelength selective switch and two slow photodetectors. Our approach is modulation format and bit-rate independent and can easily be included in existing reconfigurable networks.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. Z. Pan, C. Yu, and A. E. Willner, "Optical performance monitoring for the next generation optical communication networks," Opt. Fiber Technol. 16, 20-45 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  2. D. C. Kilper, R. Bach, D. J. Blumenthal, D. Einstein, T. Landolsi, L. Ostar, M. Preiss, and A. E. Willner, "Optical Performance Monitoring," J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 294 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  3. B. Kozicki, A. Maruta, and K.-i. Kitayama, "Experimental demonstration of optical performance monitoring for RZ-DPSK signals using delay-tap sampling method," Opt. Express 16, 3566-3576 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. J. Lee, D. Jung, C. Kim, and Y. Chung, "OSNR monitoring technique using polarization-nulling method," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 88-90 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  5. C. Xie, D. C. Kilper, L. Möller, and R. Ryf, "Orthogonal-Polarization Heterodyne OSNR Monitoring Insensitive to Polarization-Mode Dispersion and Nonlinear Polarization Scattering," J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 177-183 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  6. T. T. Ng, J. L. Blows, M. Rochette, J. A. Bolger, I. Littler, and B. J. Eggleton, "In-band OSNR and chromatic dispersion monitoring using a fibre optical parametric amplifier," Opt. Express 13, 5542 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. M. D. Pelusi, A. Fu, and B. J. Eggleton, "Multi-channel in-band OSNR monitoring using Stimulated Brillouin Scattering," Opt. Express 18, 9435 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. T. D. Vo, M. D. Pelusi, J. Schröder, F. Luan, S. J. Madden, D.-Y. Choi, D. A. P. Bulla, B. Luther-Davies, and B. J. Eggleton, "Simultaneous multi-impairment monitoring of 640 Gb/s signals using photonic chip based RF spectrum analyzer," Opt. Express 18, 3938-3945 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. Z. Tao, Z. Chen, L. Fu, D. Wu, and A. Xu, "Monitoring of OSNR by using a Mach-Zehnder interferometer," Opt. Technol. Lett. 30, 63-65 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  10. X. Liu, Y.-H. Kao, S. Chandrasekhar, I. Kang, S. Cabot, and L. Buhl, "OSNR Monitoring Method for OOK and DPSK Based on Optical Delay Interferometer," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1172-1174 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. M. Oh, M. Brodsky, L. E. Nelson, G. Cadena, and M. D. Feuer, "Interferometric optical signal-to-noise ratio measurements of telecom signals with degraded extinction ratio," Opt. Lett. 33, 2065-2067 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. S.-W. Jeon, Y. H. Kim, B. H. Lee, M. A. Jung, and C.-S. Park, "OSNR monitoring technique based on cascaded long-period fiber grating with optically tunable phase shifter," Opt. Express 16, 20603-20609 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. E. Flood, W. H. Guo, D. Reid, M. Lynch, A. L. Bradley, L. P. Barry, and J. F. Donegan, "In-band OSNR monitoring using a pair of Michelson fiber interferometers," Opt. Express 18, 3618 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. Y. K. Lize, L. Christen, J.-Y. Yang, P. Saghari, S. Nuccio, A. E. Willner, and R. Kashyap, "Independent and Simultaneous Monitoring of Chromatic and Polarization-Mode Dispersion in OOK and DPSK Transmission," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 3-5 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  15. M. A. F. Roelens, S. Frisken, J. A. Bolger, D. Abakoumov, G. Baxter, S. Poole, and B. J. Eggleton, "Dispersion Trimming in a Reconfigurable Wavelength Selective Switch," J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 73-78 (2008).
    [CrossRef]

2010

2008

2007

X. Liu, Y.-H. Kao, S. Chandrasekhar, I. Kang, S. Cabot, and L. Buhl, "OSNR Monitoring Method for OOK and DPSK Based on Optical Delay Interferometer," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1172-1174 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. K. Lize, L. Christen, J.-Y. Yang, P. Saghari, S. Nuccio, A. E. Willner, and R. Kashyap, "Independent and Simultaneous Monitoring of Chromatic and Polarization-Mode Dispersion in OOK and DPSK Transmission," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 3-5 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Xie, D. C. Kilper, L. Möller, and R. Ryf, "Orthogonal-Polarization Heterodyne OSNR Monitoring Insensitive to Polarization-Mode Dispersion and Nonlinear Polarization Scattering," J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 177-183 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005

2004

2001

J. Lee, D. Jung, C. Kim, and Y. Chung, "OSNR monitoring technique using polarization-nulling method," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 88-90 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Z. Tao, Z. Chen, L. Fu, D. Wu, and A. Xu, "Monitoring of OSNR by using a Mach-Zehnder interferometer," Opt. Technol. Lett. 30, 63-65 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Abakoumov, D.

Bach, R.

Barry, L. P.

Baxter, G.

Blows, J. L.

Blumenthal, D. J.

Bolger, J. A.

Bradley, A. L.

Brodsky, M.

Buhl, L.

X. Liu, Y.-H. Kao, S. Chandrasekhar, I. Kang, S. Cabot, and L. Buhl, "OSNR Monitoring Method for OOK and DPSK Based on Optical Delay Interferometer," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1172-1174 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bulla, D. A. P.

Cabot, S.

X. Liu, Y.-H. Kao, S. Chandrasekhar, I. Kang, S. Cabot, and L. Buhl, "OSNR Monitoring Method for OOK and DPSK Based on Optical Delay Interferometer," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1172-1174 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Cadena, G.

Chandrasekhar, S.

X. Liu, Y.-H. Kao, S. Chandrasekhar, I. Kang, S. Cabot, and L. Buhl, "OSNR Monitoring Method for OOK and DPSK Based on Optical Delay Interferometer," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1172-1174 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Z.

Z. Tao, Z. Chen, L. Fu, D. Wu, and A. Xu, "Monitoring of OSNR by using a Mach-Zehnder interferometer," Opt. Technol. Lett. 30, 63-65 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Choi, D.-Y.

Christen, L.

Y. K. Lize, L. Christen, J.-Y. Yang, P. Saghari, S. Nuccio, A. E. Willner, and R. Kashyap, "Independent and Simultaneous Monitoring of Chromatic and Polarization-Mode Dispersion in OOK and DPSK Transmission," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 3-5 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chung, Y.

J. Lee, D. Jung, C. Kim, and Y. Chung, "OSNR monitoring technique using polarization-nulling method," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 88-90 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Donegan, J. F.

Eggleton, B. J.

Einstein, D.

Feuer, M. D.

Flood, E.

Frisken, S.

Fu, A.

Fu, L.

Z. Tao, Z. Chen, L. Fu, D. Wu, and A. Xu, "Monitoring of OSNR by using a Mach-Zehnder interferometer," Opt. Technol. Lett. 30, 63-65 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Guo, W. H.

Jeon, S.-W.

Jung, D.

J. Lee, D. Jung, C. Kim, and Y. Chung, "OSNR monitoring technique using polarization-nulling method," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 88-90 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Jung, M. A.

Kang, I.

X. Liu, Y.-H. Kao, S. Chandrasekhar, I. Kang, S. Cabot, and L. Buhl, "OSNR Monitoring Method for OOK and DPSK Based on Optical Delay Interferometer," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1172-1174 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kao, Y.-H.

X. Liu, Y.-H. Kao, S. Chandrasekhar, I. Kang, S. Cabot, and L. Buhl, "OSNR Monitoring Method for OOK and DPSK Based on Optical Delay Interferometer," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1172-1174 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kashyap, R.

Y. K. Lize, L. Christen, J.-Y. Yang, P. Saghari, S. Nuccio, A. E. Willner, and R. Kashyap, "Independent and Simultaneous Monitoring of Chromatic and Polarization-Mode Dispersion in OOK and DPSK Transmission," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 3-5 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kilper, D. C.

Kim, C.

J. Lee, D. Jung, C. Kim, and Y. Chung, "OSNR monitoring technique using polarization-nulling method," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 88-90 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kim, Y. H.

Kitayama, K.-i.

Kozicki, B.

Landolsi, T.

Lee, B. H.

Lee, J.

J. Lee, D. Jung, C. Kim, and Y. Chung, "OSNR monitoring technique using polarization-nulling method," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 88-90 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Littler, I.

Liu, X.

X. Liu, Y.-H. Kao, S. Chandrasekhar, I. Kang, S. Cabot, and L. Buhl, "OSNR Monitoring Method for OOK and DPSK Based on Optical Delay Interferometer," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1172-1174 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lize, Y. K.

Y. K. Lize, L. Christen, J.-Y. Yang, P. Saghari, S. Nuccio, A. E. Willner, and R. Kashyap, "Independent and Simultaneous Monitoring of Chromatic and Polarization-Mode Dispersion in OOK and DPSK Transmission," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 3-5 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Luan, F.

Luther-Davies, B.

Lynch, M.

Madden, S. J.

Maruta, A.

Möller, L.

Nelson, L. E.

Ng, T. T.

Nuccio, S.

Y. K. Lize, L. Christen, J.-Y. Yang, P. Saghari, S. Nuccio, A. E. Willner, and R. Kashyap, "Independent and Simultaneous Monitoring of Chromatic and Polarization-Mode Dispersion in OOK and DPSK Transmission," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 3-5 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Oh, J. M.

Ostar, L.

Pan, Z.

Z. Pan, C. Yu, and A. E. Willner, "Optical performance monitoring for the next generation optical communication networks," Opt. Fiber Technol. 16, 20-45 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Park, C.-S.

Pelusi, M. D.

Poole, S.

Preiss, M.

Reid, D.

Rochette, M.

Roelens, M. A. F.

Ryf, R.

Saghari, P.

Y. K. Lize, L. Christen, J.-Y. Yang, P. Saghari, S. Nuccio, A. E. Willner, and R. Kashyap, "Independent and Simultaneous Monitoring of Chromatic and Polarization-Mode Dispersion in OOK and DPSK Transmission," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 3-5 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Schröder, J.

Tao, Z.

Z. Tao, Z. Chen, L. Fu, D. Wu, and A. Xu, "Monitoring of OSNR by using a Mach-Zehnder interferometer," Opt. Technol. Lett. 30, 63-65 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Vo, T. D.

Willner, A. E.

Z. Pan, C. Yu, and A. E. Willner, "Optical performance monitoring for the next generation optical communication networks," Opt. Fiber Technol. 16, 20-45 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. K. Lize, L. Christen, J.-Y. Yang, P. Saghari, S. Nuccio, A. E. Willner, and R. Kashyap, "Independent and Simultaneous Monitoring of Chromatic and Polarization-Mode Dispersion in OOK and DPSK Transmission," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 3-5 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Kilper, R. Bach, D. J. Blumenthal, D. Einstein, T. Landolsi, L. Ostar, M. Preiss, and A. E. Willner, "Optical Performance Monitoring," J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 294 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wu, D.

Z. Tao, Z. Chen, L. Fu, D. Wu, and A. Xu, "Monitoring of OSNR by using a Mach-Zehnder interferometer," Opt. Technol. Lett. 30, 63-65 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Xie, C.

Xu, A.

Z. Tao, Z. Chen, L. Fu, D. Wu, and A. Xu, "Monitoring of OSNR by using a Mach-Zehnder interferometer," Opt. Technol. Lett. 30, 63-65 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Yang, J.-Y.

Y. K. Lize, L. Christen, J.-Y. Yang, P. Saghari, S. Nuccio, A. E. Willner, and R. Kashyap, "Independent and Simultaneous Monitoring of Chromatic and Polarization-Mode Dispersion in OOK and DPSK Transmission," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 3-5 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yu, C.

Z. Pan, C. Yu, and A. E. Willner, "Optical performance monitoring for the next generation optical communication networks," Opt. Fiber Technol. 16, 20-45 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

X. Liu, Y.-H. Kao, S. Chandrasekhar, I. Kang, S. Cabot, and L. Buhl, "OSNR Monitoring Method for OOK and DPSK Based on Optical Delay Interferometer," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1172-1174 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. K. Lize, L. Christen, J.-Y. Yang, P. Saghari, S. Nuccio, A. E. Willner, and R. Kashyap, "Independent and Simultaneous Monitoring of Chromatic and Polarization-Mode Dispersion in OOK and DPSK Transmission," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 3-5 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Lee, D. Jung, C. Kim, and Y. Chung, "OSNR monitoring technique using polarization-nulling method," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 88-90 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

Opt. Express

Opt. Fiber Technol.

Z. Pan, C. Yu, and A. E. Willner, "Optical performance monitoring for the next generation optical communication networks," Opt. Fiber Technol. 16, 20-45 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Opt. Technol. Lett.

Z. Tao, Z. Chen, L. Fu, D. Wu, and A. Xu, "Monitoring of OSNR by using a Mach-Zehnder interferometer," Opt. Technol. Lett. 30, 63-65 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of integration of OPM into WSS devices.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup, EDFA: Erbium-doped fibre amplifier, VOA: variable attenuator, WSS: wavelength selective switch, ECL: external cavity laser, DFB: distributed feedback laser, MZ: Mach-Zehnder interferometer.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

OSNR measurement of (a) two 40 Gbit/s NRZ-OOK signals and (b) two 40 Gbit/s NRZ-DPSK signals at channels 32 (1551.72 nm) (circles, black) and 33 (1550.92 nm) (squares, grey) of the 100 GHz ITU grid. (c) OSNR measurement of a 50 GHz ITU grid channel (channel 23, 1551.32 nm) (circles, black).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

OSNR measurement of two 40 Gbit/s NRZ-OOK signals at (a) channels 32 (1551.72 nm) and (b) channel 33 (1550.92 nm) of the 100 GHz ITU grid after propagating through 10 km of SMF fiber.

Equations (1)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

O S N R ( d B ) = 10 log 10 ( 1 ( n + 1 ) ( s n ) ( R n ) ( s + 1 ) n + 1 s + 1 × Δ ν 12.5 GHz )

Metrics