Abstract

We demonstrated a laser-diode (LD) end-pumped continuous-wave (CW) tri-wavelength Nd:YAG ceramic laser operating at 1064, 1319 and 1338 nm. For the 1064 nm laser, one of the Nd:YAG polished end faces was used as the output coupler. As references, Nd:YVO4 and Nd:YAG crystal lasers were also investigated under the same structure. We found that the maximum output power came from Nd:YAG ceramic which was 1.74 W, corresponding an optical conversion efficiency of 16.3%. Using a three mirror cavity, we realized efficient multi-wavelength operation at 4F3/24F11/2 and 4F3/24F13/2 transitions for Nd:YAG ceramic, simultaneously. The maximum output power was 3.2 W, which included 1064, 1319, and 1338 nm three wavelength, and the optical conversion efficiency was 30%.

© 2010 OSA

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2010

2009

M. L. Rico, J. L. Valdés, J. Martínez-Pastor, and J. Capmany, “Continuous-wave dual-wavelength operation at 1062 and 1338 nm in Nd3+:YAl3(BO3)4 and observation of yellow laser light generation at 592 nm by their self-sum-frequency-mixing,” Opt. Commun. 282(8), 1619–1621 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Z. P. Wang, H. Liu, J. Y. Wang, Y. H. Lv, Y. H. Sang, R. J. Lan, H. H. Yu, X. G. Xu, and Z. S. Shao, “Passively Q-switched dual-wavelength laser output of LD-end-pumped ceramic Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Express 17(14), 12076–12081 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008

A. Ikesue and Y. L. Aung, “Ceramic laser materials,” Nat. Photonics 2(12), 721–727 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2006

Y. Y. Lin, S. Y. Chen, A. C. Chiang, R. Y. Tu, Y. C. Huang, Y. F. Chen, and Y. H. Chen, “Single-longitudinal-mode, tunable dual-wavelength,CW Nd:YVO(4) laser,” Opt. Express 14(12), 5329–5334 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Lünstedt, N. Pavel, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Continuous-wave simultaneous dual-wavelength operation at 912nm and 1063nm in Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 86(1), 65–70 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. E. Hou, Y. X. Fan, J. L. He, and H. T. Wang, “High-efficiency continuous-wave and Q-switched diode-end-pumped multi-wavelength Nd:YAG lasers,” Opt. Commun. 265(1), 301–305 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Lu, B. G. Zhang, E. B. Li, D. G. Xu, R. Zhou, X. Zhao, F. Ji, T. L. Zhang, P. Wang, and J. Q. Yao, “High-power simultaneous dual-wavelength emission of an end-pumped Nd:YAG laser using the quasi-three-level and the four-level transition,” Opt. Commun. 262(2), 241–245 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004

P. X. Li, D. H. Li, C. Y. Li, and Z. G. Zhang, “Simultaneous dual-wavelength continuous wave laser operation at 1.06 μm and 946 nm in Nd:YAG and their frequency doubling,” Opt. Commun. 235(1-3), 169–174 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. L. He, J. Du, J. Sun, S. Liu, Y. X. Fan, H. T. Wang, L. H. Zhang, and Y. Hang, “High efficiency single- and dual- wavelength Nd:GdVO4 lasers pumped by a fiber-couple diode,” Appl. Phys. B 79(3), 301–304 (2004).

2003

J. L. He, J. Liao, H. Liu, J. Du, F. Xu, H. T. Wang, S. N. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, and N. B. Ming, ““Simultaneous CW red, yellow, and green light generation, “traffic signal lights,” by frequency doubling and sum-frequency mixing in an aperiodically poled LiTaO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(2), 228–230 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Liao, J. L. He, H. Liu, H. T. Wang, S. N. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, and N. B. Ming, “Simultaneous generation of red, green, and blue quasi-continuous-wave coherent radiation based on multiple quasi-phase-matched interactions from a single, aperiodically-poled LiTaO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(19), 3159–3161 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

J. Lu, J. Lu, T. Murai, K. Takaichi, T. Uematsu, J. Xu, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, and A. A. Kaminskii, “36-W diode-pumped continuous-wave 1319-nm Nd:YAG ceramic laser,” Opt. Lett. 27(13), 1120–1122 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Lu, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, Y. Akiyama, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Neodymium doped yttrium aluminum garnet (Y3Al5O12) nanocrystalline ceramics-a new generation of solid state laser and optical materials,” J. Alloy. Comp. 341(1–2), 220–225 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000

Y. F. Chen, “cw dual-wavelength operation of a diode-end-pumped Nd:YVO4 laser,” Appl. Phys. B 70(4), 475–478 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1990

H. Y. Shen, R. R. Zeng, Y. P. Zhou, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, Z. D. Zeng, W. J. Zhang, and Q. J. Ye, “Comparison of simultaneous multiple wavelength lasing in various neodymium host crystals at transitions from 4F3/2-4I11/2 and 4F3/2-4I13/2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56(20), 1937–1938 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1989

Akiyama, Y.

J. Lu, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, Y. Akiyama, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Neodymium doped yttrium aluminum garnet (Y3Al5O12) nanocrystalline ceramics-a new generation of solid state laser and optical materials,” J. Alloy. Comp. 341(1–2), 220–225 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Aung, Y. L.

A. Ikesue and Y. L. Aung, “Ceramic laser materials,” Nat. Photonics 2(12), 721–727 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Capmany, J.

M. L. Rico, J. L. Valdés, J. Martínez-Pastor, and J. Capmany, “Continuous-wave dual-wavelength operation at 1062 and 1338 nm in Nd3+:YAl3(BO3)4 and observation of yellow laser light generation at 592 nm by their self-sum-frequency-mixing,” Opt. Commun. 282(8), 1619–1621 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chen, L.

Chen, S. Y.

Chen, Y. F.

Chen, Y. H.

Chiang, A. C.

Du, J.

J. L. He, J. Du, J. Sun, S. Liu, Y. X. Fan, H. T. Wang, L. H. Zhang, and Y. Hang, “High efficiency single- and dual- wavelength Nd:GdVO4 lasers pumped by a fiber-couple diode,” Appl. Phys. B 79(3), 301–304 (2004).

J. L. He, J. Liao, H. Liu, J. Du, F. Xu, H. T. Wang, S. N. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, and N. B. Ming, ““Simultaneous CW red, yellow, and green light generation, “traffic signal lights,” by frequency doubling and sum-frequency mixing in an aperiodically poled LiTaO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(2), 228–230 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Fan, Y. X.

Y. E. Hou, Y. X. Fan, J. L. He, and H. T. Wang, “High-efficiency continuous-wave and Q-switched diode-end-pumped multi-wavelength Nd:YAG lasers,” Opt. Commun. 265(1), 301–305 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. L. He, J. Du, J. Sun, S. Liu, Y. X. Fan, H. T. Wang, L. H. Zhang, and Y. Hang, “High efficiency single- and dual- wavelength Nd:GdVO4 lasers pumped by a fiber-couple diode,” Appl. Phys. B 79(3), 301–304 (2004).

Guo, L.

Hang, Y.

J. L. He, J. Du, J. Sun, S. Liu, Y. X. Fan, H. T. Wang, L. H. Zhang, and Y. Hang, “High efficiency single- and dual- wavelength Nd:GdVO4 lasers pumped by a fiber-couple diode,” Appl. Phys. B 79(3), 301–304 (2004).

He, J. L.

Y. E. Hou, Y. X. Fan, J. L. He, and H. T. Wang, “High-efficiency continuous-wave and Q-switched diode-end-pumped multi-wavelength Nd:YAG lasers,” Opt. Commun. 265(1), 301–305 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. L. He, J. Du, J. Sun, S. Liu, Y. X. Fan, H. T. Wang, L. H. Zhang, and Y. Hang, “High efficiency single- and dual- wavelength Nd:GdVO4 lasers pumped by a fiber-couple diode,” Appl. Phys. B 79(3), 301–304 (2004).

J. Liao, J. L. He, H. Liu, H. T. Wang, S. N. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, and N. B. Ming, “Simultaneous generation of red, green, and blue quasi-continuous-wave coherent radiation based on multiple quasi-phase-matched interactions from a single, aperiodically-poled LiTaO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(19), 3159–3161 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. L. He, J. Liao, H. Liu, J. Du, F. Xu, H. T. Wang, S. N. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, and N. B. Ming, ““Simultaneous CW red, yellow, and green light generation, “traffic signal lights,” by frequency doubling and sum-frequency mixing in an aperiodically poled LiTaO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(2), 228–230 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hou, Y. E.

Y. E. Hou, Y. X. Fan, J. L. He, and H. T. Wang, “High-efficiency continuous-wave and Q-switched diode-end-pumped multi-wavelength Nd:YAG lasers,” Opt. Commun. 265(1), 301–305 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hu, D.

Hu, X. P.

Huang, C. H.

H. Y. Shen, R. R. Zeng, Y. P. Zhou, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, Z. D. Zeng, W. J. Zhang, and Q. J. Ye, “Comparison of simultaneous multiple wavelength lasing in various neodymium host crystals at transitions from 4F3/2-4I11/2 and 4F3/2-4I13/2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56(20), 1937–1938 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Huang, Y. C.

Huber, G.

K. Lünstedt, N. Pavel, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Continuous-wave simultaneous dual-wavelength operation at 912nm and 1063nm in Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 86(1), 65–70 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ikesue, A.

A. Ikesue and Y. L. Aung, “Ceramic laser materials,” Nat. Photonics 2(12), 721–727 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ji, F.

Y. Lu, B. G. Zhang, E. B. Li, D. G. Xu, R. Zhou, X. Zhao, F. Ji, T. L. Zhang, P. Wang, and J. Q. Yao, “High-power simultaneous dual-wavelength emission of an end-pumped Nd:YAG laser using the quasi-three-level and the four-level transition,” Opt. Commun. 262(2), 241–245 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kaminskii, A. A.

J. Lu, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, Y. Akiyama, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Neodymium doped yttrium aluminum garnet (Y3Al5O12) nanocrystalline ceramics-a new generation of solid state laser and optical materials,” J. Alloy. Comp. 341(1–2), 220–225 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Lu, J. Lu, T. Murai, K. Takaichi, T. Uematsu, J. Xu, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, and A. A. Kaminskii, “36-W diode-pumped continuous-wave 1319-nm Nd:YAG ceramic laser,” Opt. Lett. 27(13), 1120–1122 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kimura, Y.

Lan, R.

Lan, R. J.

Li, C. Y.

P. X. Li, D. H. Li, C. Y. Li, and Z. G. Zhang, “Simultaneous dual-wavelength continuous wave laser operation at 1.06 μm and 946 nm in Nd:YAG and their frequency doubling,” Opt. Commun. 235(1-3), 169–174 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Li, D. H.

P. X. Li, D. H. Li, C. Y. Li, and Z. G. Zhang, “Simultaneous dual-wavelength continuous wave laser operation at 1.06 μm and 946 nm in Nd:YAG and their frequency doubling,” Opt. Commun. 235(1-3), 169–174 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Li, E. B.

Y. Lu, B. G. Zhang, E. B. Li, D. G. Xu, R. Zhou, X. Zhao, F. Ji, T. L. Zhang, P. Wang, and J. Q. Yao, “High-power simultaneous dual-wavelength emission of an end-pumped Nd:YAG laser using the quasi-three-level and the four-level transition,” Opt. Commun. 262(2), 241–245 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Li, P. X.

P. X. Li, D. H. Li, C. Y. Li, and Z. G. Zhang, “Simultaneous dual-wavelength continuous wave laser operation at 1.06 μm and 946 nm in Nd:YAG and their frequency doubling,” Opt. Commun. 235(1-3), 169–174 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Liao, J.

J. L. He, J. Liao, H. Liu, J. Du, F. Xu, H. T. Wang, S. N. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, and N. B. Ming, ““Simultaneous CW red, yellow, and green light generation, “traffic signal lights,” by frequency doubling and sum-frequency mixing in an aperiodically poled LiTaO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(2), 228–230 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Liao, J. L. He, H. Liu, H. T. Wang, S. N. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, and N. B. Ming, “Simultaneous generation of red, green, and blue quasi-continuous-wave coherent radiation based on multiple quasi-phase-matched interactions from a single, aperiodically-poled LiTaO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(19), 3159–3161 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lin, Y. Y.

Liu, H.

L. Guo, R. Lan, H. Liu, H. Yu, H. Zhang, J. Wang, D. Hu, S. Zhuang, L. Chen, Y. Zhao, X. Xu, and Z. Wang, “1319 nm and 1338 nm dual-wavelength operation of LD end-pumped Nd:YAG ceramic laser,” Opt. Express 18(9), 9098–9106 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. P. Wang, H. Liu, J. Y. Wang, Y. H. Lv, Y. H. Sang, R. J. Lan, H. H. Yu, X. G. Xu, and Z. S. Shao, “Passively Q-switched dual-wavelength laser output of LD-end-pumped ceramic Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Express 17(14), 12076–12081 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. L. He, J. Liao, H. Liu, J. Du, F. Xu, H. T. Wang, S. N. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, and N. B. Ming, ““Simultaneous CW red, yellow, and green light generation, “traffic signal lights,” by frequency doubling and sum-frequency mixing in an aperiodically poled LiTaO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(2), 228–230 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Liao, J. L. He, H. Liu, H. T. Wang, S. N. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, and N. B. Ming, “Simultaneous generation of red, green, and blue quasi-continuous-wave coherent radiation based on multiple quasi-phase-matched interactions from a single, aperiodically-poled LiTaO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(19), 3159–3161 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Liu, S.

J. L. He, J. Du, J. Sun, S. Liu, Y. X. Fan, H. T. Wang, L. H. Zhang, and Y. Hang, “High efficiency single- and dual- wavelength Nd:GdVO4 lasers pumped by a fiber-couple diode,” Appl. Phys. B 79(3), 301–304 (2004).

Lu, J.

Lu, Y.

Y. Lu, B. G. Zhang, E. B. Li, D. G. Xu, R. Zhou, X. Zhao, F. Ji, T. L. Zhang, P. Wang, and J. Q. Yao, “High-power simultaneous dual-wavelength emission of an end-pumped Nd:YAG laser using the quasi-three-level and the four-level transition,” Opt. Commun. 262(2), 241–245 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lünstedt, K.

K. Lünstedt, N. Pavel, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Continuous-wave simultaneous dual-wavelength operation at 912nm and 1063nm in Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 86(1), 65–70 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lv, X. J.

Lv, Y. H.

Martínez-Pastor, J.

M. L. Rico, J. L. Valdés, J. Martínez-Pastor, and J. Capmany, “Continuous-wave dual-wavelength operation at 1062 and 1338 nm in Nd3+:YAl3(BO3)4 and observation of yellow laser light generation at 592 nm by their self-sum-frequency-mixing,” Opt. Commun. 282(8), 1619–1621 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ming, N. B.

J. Liao, J. L. He, H. Liu, H. T. Wang, S. N. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, and N. B. Ming, “Simultaneous generation of red, green, and blue quasi-continuous-wave coherent radiation based on multiple quasi-phase-matched interactions from a single, aperiodically-poled LiTaO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(19), 3159–3161 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. L. He, J. Liao, H. Liu, J. Du, F. Xu, H. T. Wang, S. N. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, and N. B. Ming, ““Simultaneous CW red, yellow, and green light generation, “traffic signal lights,” by frequency doubling and sum-frequency mixing in an aperiodically poled LiTaO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(2), 228–230 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Murai, T.

Nakazawa, M.

Pavel, N.

K. Lünstedt, N. Pavel, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Continuous-wave simultaneous dual-wavelength operation at 912nm and 1063nm in Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 86(1), 65–70 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Petermann, K.

K. Lünstedt, N. Pavel, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Continuous-wave simultaneous dual-wavelength operation at 912nm and 1063nm in Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 86(1), 65–70 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Rico, M. L.

M. L. Rico, J. L. Valdés, J. Martínez-Pastor, and J. Capmany, “Continuous-wave dual-wavelength operation at 1062 and 1338 nm in Nd3+:YAl3(BO3)4 and observation of yellow laser light generation at 592 nm by their self-sum-frequency-mixing,” Opt. Commun. 282(8), 1619–1621 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sang, Y. H.

Shao, Z. S.

Shen, H. Y.

H. Y. Shen, R. R. Zeng, Y. P. Zhou, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, Z. D. Zeng, W. J. Zhang, and Q. J. Ye, “Comparison of simultaneous multiple wavelength lasing in various neodymium host crystals at transitions from 4F3/2-4I11/2 and 4F3/2-4I13/2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56(20), 1937–1938 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Su, J.

Sun, J.

J. L. He, J. Du, J. Sun, S. Liu, Y. X. Fan, H. T. Wang, L. H. Zhang, and Y. Hang, “High efficiency single- and dual- wavelength Nd:GdVO4 lasers pumped by a fiber-couple diode,” Appl. Phys. B 79(3), 301–304 (2004).

Suzuki, K.

Takaichi, K.

Tu, R. Y.

Ueda, K.

J. Lu, J. Lu, T. Murai, K. Takaichi, T. Uematsu, J. Xu, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, and A. A. Kaminskii, “36-W diode-pumped continuous-wave 1319-nm Nd:YAG ceramic laser,” Opt. Lett. 27(13), 1120–1122 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Lu, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, Y. Akiyama, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Neodymium doped yttrium aluminum garnet (Y3Al5O12) nanocrystalline ceramics-a new generation of solid state laser and optical materials,” J. Alloy. Comp. 341(1–2), 220–225 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Uematsu, T.

Valdés, J. L.

M. L. Rico, J. L. Valdés, J. Martínez-Pastor, and J. Capmany, “Continuous-wave dual-wavelength operation at 1062 and 1338 nm in Nd3+:YAl3(BO3)4 and observation of yellow laser light generation at 592 nm by their self-sum-frequency-mixing,” Opt. Commun. 282(8), 1619–1621 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, H. T.

Y. E. Hou, Y. X. Fan, J. L. He, and H. T. Wang, “High-efficiency continuous-wave and Q-switched diode-end-pumped multi-wavelength Nd:YAG lasers,” Opt. Commun. 265(1), 301–305 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. L. He, J. Du, J. Sun, S. Liu, Y. X. Fan, H. T. Wang, L. H. Zhang, and Y. Hang, “High efficiency single- and dual- wavelength Nd:GdVO4 lasers pumped by a fiber-couple diode,” Appl. Phys. B 79(3), 301–304 (2004).

J. Liao, J. L. He, H. Liu, H. T. Wang, S. N. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, and N. B. Ming, “Simultaneous generation of red, green, and blue quasi-continuous-wave coherent radiation based on multiple quasi-phase-matched interactions from a single, aperiodically-poled LiTaO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(19), 3159–3161 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. L. He, J. Liao, H. Liu, J. Du, F. Xu, H. T. Wang, S. N. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, and N. B. Ming, ““Simultaneous CW red, yellow, and green light generation, “traffic signal lights,” by frequency doubling and sum-frequency mixing in an aperiodically poled LiTaO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(2), 228–230 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

Wang, J. Y.

Wang, P.

Y. Lu, B. G. Zhang, E. B. Li, D. G. Xu, R. Zhou, X. Zhao, F. Ji, T. L. Zhang, P. Wang, and J. Q. Yao, “High-power simultaneous dual-wavelength emission of an end-pumped Nd:YAG laser using the quasi-three-level and the four-level transition,” Opt. Commun. 262(2), 241–245 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Z.

Wang, Z. P.

Xie, Z. D.

Xu, D. G.

Y. Lu, B. G. Zhang, E. B. Li, D. G. Xu, R. Zhou, X. Zhao, F. Ji, T. L. Zhang, P. Wang, and J. Q. Yao, “High-power simultaneous dual-wavelength emission of an end-pumped Nd:YAG laser using the quasi-three-level and the four-level transition,” Opt. Commun. 262(2), 241–245 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Xu, F.

J. L. He, J. Liao, H. Liu, J. Du, F. Xu, H. T. Wang, S. N. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, and N. B. Ming, ““Simultaneous CW red, yellow, and green light generation, “traffic signal lights,” by frequency doubling and sum-frequency mixing in an aperiodically poled LiTaO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(2), 228–230 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Xu, J.

Xu, P.

Xu, X.

Xu, X. G.

Yagi, H.

J. Lu, J. Lu, T. Murai, K. Takaichi, T. Uematsu, J. Xu, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, and A. A. Kaminskii, “36-W diode-pumped continuous-wave 1319-nm Nd:YAG ceramic laser,” Opt. Lett. 27(13), 1120–1122 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Lu, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, Y. Akiyama, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Neodymium doped yttrium aluminum garnet (Y3Al5O12) nanocrystalline ceramics-a new generation of solid state laser and optical materials,” J. Alloy. Comp. 341(1–2), 220–225 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yanagitani, T.

J. Lu, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, Y. Akiyama, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Neodymium doped yttrium aluminum garnet (Y3Al5O12) nanocrystalline ceramics-a new generation of solid state laser and optical materials,” J. Alloy. Comp. 341(1–2), 220–225 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Lu, J. Lu, T. Murai, K. Takaichi, T. Uematsu, J. Xu, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, and A. A. Kaminskii, “36-W diode-pumped continuous-wave 1319-nm Nd:YAG ceramic laser,” Opt. Lett. 27(13), 1120–1122 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yao, J. Q.

Y. Lu, B. G. Zhang, E. B. Li, D. G. Xu, R. Zhou, X. Zhao, F. Ji, T. L. Zhang, P. Wang, and J. Q. Yao, “High-power simultaneous dual-wavelength emission of an end-pumped Nd:YAG laser using the quasi-three-level and the four-level transition,” Opt. Commun. 262(2), 241–245 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ye, Q. J.

H. Y. Shen, R. R. Zeng, Y. P. Zhou, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, Z. D. Zeng, W. J. Zhang, and Q. J. Ye, “Comparison of simultaneous multiple wavelength lasing in various neodymium host crystals at transitions from 4F3/2-4I11/2 and 4F3/2-4I13/2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56(20), 1937–1938 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Yu, G. F.

H. Y. Shen, R. R. Zeng, Y. P. Zhou, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, Z. D. Zeng, W. J. Zhang, and Q. J. Ye, “Comparison of simultaneous multiple wavelength lasing in various neodymium host crystals at transitions from 4F3/2-4I11/2 and 4F3/2-4I13/2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56(20), 1937–1938 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Yu, H.

Yu, H. H.

Zeng, R. R.

H. Y. Shen, R. R. Zeng, Y. P. Zhou, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, Z. D. Zeng, W. J. Zhang, and Q. J. Ye, “Comparison of simultaneous multiple wavelength lasing in various neodymium host crystals at transitions from 4F3/2-4I11/2 and 4F3/2-4I13/2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56(20), 1937–1938 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Zeng, Z. D.

H. Y. Shen, R. R. Zeng, Y. P. Zhou, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, Z. D. Zeng, W. J. Zhang, and Q. J. Ye, “Comparison of simultaneous multiple wavelength lasing in various neodymium host crystals at transitions from 4F3/2-4I11/2 and 4F3/2-4I13/2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56(20), 1937–1938 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, B. G.

Y. Lu, B. G. Zhang, E. B. Li, D. G. Xu, R. Zhou, X. Zhao, F. Ji, T. L. Zhang, P. Wang, and J. Q. Yao, “High-power simultaneous dual-wavelength emission of an end-pumped Nd:YAG laser using the quasi-three-level and the four-level transition,” Opt. Commun. 262(2), 241–245 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, H.

Zhang, L. H.

J. L. He, J. Du, J. Sun, S. Liu, Y. X. Fan, H. T. Wang, L. H. Zhang, and Y. Hang, “High efficiency single- and dual- wavelength Nd:GdVO4 lasers pumped by a fiber-couple diode,” Appl. Phys. B 79(3), 301–304 (2004).

Zhang, T. L.

Y. Lu, B. G. Zhang, E. B. Li, D. G. Xu, R. Zhou, X. Zhao, F. Ji, T. L. Zhang, P. Wang, and J. Q. Yao, “High-power simultaneous dual-wavelength emission of an end-pumped Nd:YAG laser using the quasi-three-level and the four-level transition,” Opt. Commun. 262(2), 241–245 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, W. J.

H. Y. Shen, R. R. Zeng, Y. P. Zhou, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, Z. D. Zeng, W. J. Zhang, and Q. J. Ye, “Comparison of simultaneous multiple wavelength lasing in various neodymium host crystals at transitions from 4F3/2-4I11/2 and 4F3/2-4I13/2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56(20), 1937–1938 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Z. G.

P. X. Li, D. H. Li, C. Y. Li, and Z. G. Zhang, “Simultaneous dual-wavelength continuous wave laser operation at 1.06 μm and 946 nm in Nd:YAG and their frequency doubling,” Opt. Commun. 235(1-3), 169–174 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, G.

Zhao, L. N.

Zhao, X.

Y. Lu, B. G. Zhang, E. B. Li, D. G. Xu, R. Zhou, X. Zhao, F. Ji, T. L. Zhang, P. Wang, and J. Q. Yao, “High-power simultaneous dual-wavelength emission of an end-pumped Nd:YAG laser using the quasi-three-level and the four-level transition,” Opt. Commun. 262(2), 241–245 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, Y.

Zhou, R.

Y. Lu, B. G. Zhang, E. B. Li, D. G. Xu, R. Zhou, X. Zhao, F. Ji, T. L. Zhang, P. Wang, and J. Q. Yao, “High-power simultaneous dual-wavelength emission of an end-pumped Nd:YAG laser using the quasi-three-level and the four-level transition,” Opt. Commun. 262(2), 241–245 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, Y. P.

H. Y. Shen, R. R. Zeng, Y. P. Zhou, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, Z. D. Zeng, W. J. Zhang, and Q. J. Ye, “Comparison of simultaneous multiple wavelength lasing in various neodymium host crystals at transitions from 4F3/2-4I11/2 and 4F3/2-4I13/2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56(20), 1937–1938 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, S. N.

L. N. Zhao, J. Su, X. P. Hu, X. J. Lv, Z. D. Xie, G. Zhao, P. Xu, and S. N. Zhu, “Single-pass sum-frequency-generation of 589-nm yellow light based on dual-wavelength Nd:YAG laser with periodically-poled LiTaO(3) crystal,” Opt. Express 18(13), 13331–13336 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. L. He, J. Liao, H. Liu, J. Du, F. Xu, H. T. Wang, S. N. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, and N. B. Ming, ““Simultaneous CW red, yellow, and green light generation, “traffic signal lights,” by frequency doubling and sum-frequency mixing in an aperiodically poled LiTaO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(2), 228–230 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Liao, J. L. He, H. Liu, H. T. Wang, S. N. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, and N. B. Ming, “Simultaneous generation of red, green, and blue quasi-continuous-wave coherent radiation based on multiple quasi-phase-matched interactions from a single, aperiodically-poled LiTaO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(19), 3159–3161 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, Y. Y.

J. Liao, J. L. He, H. Liu, H. T. Wang, S. N. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, and N. B. Ming, “Simultaneous generation of red, green, and blue quasi-continuous-wave coherent radiation based on multiple quasi-phase-matched interactions from a single, aperiodically-poled LiTaO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(19), 3159–3161 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. L. He, J. Liao, H. Liu, J. Du, F. Xu, H. T. Wang, S. N. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, and N. B. Ming, ““Simultaneous CW red, yellow, and green light generation, “traffic signal lights,” by frequency doubling and sum-frequency mixing in an aperiodically poled LiTaO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(2), 228–230 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zhuang, S.

Appl. Phys. B

J. L. He, J. Du, J. Sun, S. Liu, Y. X. Fan, H. T. Wang, L. H. Zhang, and Y. Hang, “High efficiency single- and dual- wavelength Nd:GdVO4 lasers pumped by a fiber-couple diode,” Appl. Phys. B 79(3), 301–304 (2004).

K. Lünstedt, N. Pavel, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Continuous-wave simultaneous dual-wavelength operation at 912nm and 1063nm in Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 86(1), 65–70 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. F. Chen, “cw dual-wavelength operation of a diode-end-pumped Nd:YVO4 laser,” Appl. Phys. B 70(4), 475–478 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

H. Y. Shen, R. R. Zeng, Y. P. Zhou, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, Z. D. Zeng, W. J. Zhang, and Q. J. Ye, “Comparison of simultaneous multiple wavelength lasing in various neodymium host crystals at transitions from 4F3/2-4I11/2 and 4F3/2-4I13/2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56(20), 1937–1938 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. L. He, J. Liao, H. Liu, J. Du, F. Xu, H. T. Wang, S. N. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, and N. B. Ming, ““Simultaneous CW red, yellow, and green light generation, “traffic signal lights,” by frequency doubling and sum-frequency mixing in an aperiodically poled LiTaO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(2), 228–230 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Liao, J. L. He, H. Liu, H. T. Wang, S. N. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, and N. B. Ming, “Simultaneous generation of red, green, and blue quasi-continuous-wave coherent radiation based on multiple quasi-phase-matched interactions from a single, aperiodically-poled LiTaO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(19), 3159–3161 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Alloy. Comp.

J. Lu, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, Y. Akiyama, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Neodymium doped yttrium aluminum garnet (Y3Al5O12) nanocrystalline ceramics-a new generation of solid state laser and optical materials,” J. Alloy. Comp. 341(1–2), 220–225 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics

A. Ikesue and Y. L. Aung, “Ceramic laser materials,” Nat. Photonics 2(12), 721–727 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

Y. E. Hou, Y. X. Fan, J. L. He, and H. T. Wang, “High-efficiency continuous-wave and Q-switched diode-end-pumped multi-wavelength Nd:YAG lasers,” Opt. Commun. 265(1), 301–305 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Lu, B. G. Zhang, E. B. Li, D. G. Xu, R. Zhou, X. Zhao, F. Ji, T. L. Zhang, P. Wang, and J. Q. Yao, “High-power simultaneous dual-wavelength emission of an end-pumped Nd:YAG laser using the quasi-three-level and the four-level transition,” Opt. Commun. 262(2), 241–245 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. X. Li, D. H. Li, C. Y. Li, and Z. G. Zhang, “Simultaneous dual-wavelength continuous wave laser operation at 1.06 μm and 946 nm in Nd:YAG and their frequency doubling,” Opt. Commun. 235(1-3), 169–174 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. L. Rico, J. L. Valdés, J. Martínez-Pastor, and J. Capmany, “Continuous-wave dual-wavelength operation at 1062 and 1338 nm in Nd3+:YAl3(BO3)4 and observation of yellow laser light generation at 592 nm by their self-sum-frequency-mixing,” Opt. Commun. 282(8), 1619–1621 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Other

R. M. Yamamoto, B. S. Bhachu, K. P. Cutter, S. N. Fochs, S. A. Letts, C. W. Parks, M. D. Rotter, and T. F. Soules, “The use of large transparent ceramics in a high powered, diode pumped solid state laser,” LLNL report 352959, (2007).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental set-up for 1064 nm operation

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Output power versus absorbed pump power for 1064 nm operation

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Experimental set-up for multi-wavelength operation

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Output power versus absorbed pump power for multi-wavelength operation. Inset: Energy diagram of Nd:YAG ceramic

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Output spectrum when the pump power was 8.6 W

Equations (1)

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ln ( 1 R 1.3 ) = σ 1.3 σ 1.06 × [ ln ( 1 R 1.06 ) + L 1.06 ] L 1.3

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