Abstract

We report a coherence-preserving photon frequency down-conversion experiment based on difference-frequency generation in a periodically poled Lithium niobate waveguide, at the single-photon level. The coherence of the process has been demonstrated by measuring the phase coherence of pseudo single-photon time-bin qubits after frequency conversion with an interference visibility of > 96 %. This interface could be of interest for quantum repeater based hybrid networks.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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2010

B. Lauritzen, J. Miná?, H. de Riedmatten, M. Afzelius, N. Sangouard, C. Simon, and N. Gisin, “Telecommunication-wavelength solid-state memory at the single photon level,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 080502 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Usmani, M. Afzelius, H. de Riedmatten, and N. Gisin, “Mapping multiple photonic qubits into and out of one solid-state atomic ensemble,” Nat. Commun. 1, 1–7 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Chaneli`ere, D. N. Matsukevich, S. D. Jenkins, T. A. B. Kennedy, M. S. Chapman, and A. Kuzmich, “Quantum telecommunication based on atomic cascade transitions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 093604 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Takesue, “Single-photon frequency down-conversion experiment,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 013833 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ding, and Z. Y. Ou, “Frequency downconversion for a quantum network,” Opt. Lett. 35(15), 2591–2593 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009

K.-D. B¨uchter, H. Herrmann, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, and W. Sohler, “All-optical Ti:PPLN wavelength conversion modules for free-space optical transmission links in the mid-infrared,” Opt. Lett. 34(4), 470–472 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Stucki, C. Barreiro, S. Fasel, J.-D. Gautier, O. Gay, N. Gisin, R. Thew, Y. Thoma, P. Trinkler, F. Vannel, and H. Zbinden, “Continuous high-speed coherent one-way quantum key distribution,” Opt. Express 17, 13326–13334 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Martelli, P. Boffi, M. Ferrario, L. Marazzi, P. Parolari, R. Siano, V. Pusino, P. Minzioni, I. Cristiani, C. Langrock, M. Fejer, M. Martinelli, and V. Degiorgio, “All-optical wavelength conversion of a 100-Gb/s polarization-multiplexed signal,” Opt. Express 20(17), 17758–17763 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Olmschenk, D. N. Matsukevich, P. Maunz, D. Hayes, L.-M. Duan, and C. Monroe, “Quantum teleportation between distant matter qubits,” Science 323(5913), 486–489 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008

Z.-S. Yuan, Y.-A. Chen, B. Zhao, S. Chen, J. Schmiedmayer, and J.-W. Pan, “Entanglement demonstration of a BDCZ quantum repeater node,” Nature 454, 1098–1101 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. T. Thew, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, “Tunable upconversion photon detector,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 071104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Takesue, “Erasing distinguishability using quantum frequency up-conversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 173901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007

N. Sangouard, C. Simon, J. Miná?, H. Zbinden, H. de Riedmatten, and N. Gisin, “Long-distance entanglement distribution with single-photon sources,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 050301 (2007).
[CrossRef]

N. Gisin and R. Thew, “Quantum communication,” Nat. Photonics (3),165–171 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. T. Thew, D. Stucki, J.-D. Gautier, H. Zbinden, and A. Rochas, “Free-running InGaAs/InP avalanche photodiode single photon counting at telecom wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 201114 (2007).

W. Rosenfeld, S. Berner, J. Volz, M. Weber, and H. Weinfurter, “Remote preparation of an atomic quantum memory,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(5), 050504 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Simon, H. de Riedmatten, M. Afzelius, N. Sangouard, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, “Quantum repeaters with photon pair sources and multimode memories,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 190503 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006

R. T. Thew, S. Tanzilli, L. Krainer, S. C. Zeller, A. Rochas, I. Rech, S. Cova, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, “Low jitter up-conversion detectors for telecom wavelength GHz QKD,” N. J. Phys. 8, 32 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

C. W. Chou, H. de Riedmatten, D. Felinto, S. V. Polyakov, S. J. van Enk, and H. J. Kimble, “Measurement-induced entanglement for excitation stored in remote atomic ensembles,” Nature 438, 828–832 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Tanzilli, W. Tittel, M. Halder, O. Alibart, P. Baldi, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, “A photonic quantum information interface,” Nature 437, 116–120 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Langrock, E. Diamanti, R. V. Roussev, Y. Yamamoto, M. M. Fejer, and H. Takesue, “Highly efficient single-photon detection at communication wavelengths by use of upconversion in reverse-proton-exchanged periodically poled LiNbO3 waveguides,” Opt. Lett. 30(13), 1725–1727 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004

M. A. Albota, and F. N. C. Wong, “Efficient single-photon counting at 1.55 mm by means of frequency conversion,” Opt. Lett. 29(13), 1449–1451 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. P. VanDevender, and P. G. Kwiat, “High efficiency single photon detection via frequency up-conversion,” J. Mod. Opt. 51, 1433–1445 (2004).

2003

I. Marcikic, H. De Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, “Long-distance teleportation of qubits at telecom wavelengths,” Nature 421, 509–513 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001

L.-M. Duan, M. D. Lukin, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, “Long-distance quantum communication with atomic ensembles and linear optics,” Nature 414, 413–418 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1998

H.-J. Briegel, W. D¨ur, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, “Quantum repeaters: the role of imperfect local operations in quantum communication,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81(26), 5932–5935 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. H. Chou, J. Hauden, M. A. Arbore, and M. M. Fejer, “1.5-mm-band wavelength conversion based on difference-frequency generation in LiNbO3 waveguides with integrated coupling structures,” Opt. Lett. 23(13), 1004–1006 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Afzelius, M.

I. Usmani, M. Afzelius, H. de Riedmatten, and N. Gisin, “Mapping multiple photonic qubits into and out of one solid-state atomic ensemble,” Nat. Commun. 1, 1–7 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. Lauritzen, J. Miná?, H. de Riedmatten, M. Afzelius, N. Sangouard, C. Simon, and N. Gisin, “Telecommunication-wavelength solid-state memory at the single photon level,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 080502 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Simon, H. de Riedmatten, M. Afzelius, N. Sangouard, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, “Quantum repeaters with photon pair sources and multimode memories,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 190503 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Albota, M. A.

Alibart, O.

S. Tanzilli, W. Tittel, M. Halder, O. Alibart, P. Baldi, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, “A photonic quantum information interface,” Nature 437, 116–120 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Arbore, M. A.

B¨uchter, K.-D.

Baldi, P.

S. Tanzilli, W. Tittel, M. Halder, O. Alibart, P. Baldi, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, “A photonic quantum information interface,” Nature 437, 116–120 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Barreiro, C.

Berner, S.

W. Rosenfeld, S. Berner, J. Volz, M. Weber, and H. Weinfurter, “Remote preparation of an atomic quantum memory,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(5), 050504 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Boffi, P.

P. Martelli, P. Boffi, M. Ferrario, L. Marazzi, P. Parolari, R. Siano, V. Pusino, P. Minzioni, I. Cristiani, C. Langrock, M. Fejer, M. Martinelli, and V. Degiorgio, “All-optical wavelength conversion of a 100-Gb/s polarization-multiplexed signal,” Opt. Express 20(17), 17758–17763 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Briegel, H.-J.

H.-J. Briegel, W. D¨ur, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, “Quantum repeaters: the role of imperfect local operations in quantum communication,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81(26), 5932–5935 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chaneli`ere, T.

T. Chaneli`ere, D. N. Matsukevich, S. D. Jenkins, T. A. B. Kennedy, M. S. Chapman, and A. Kuzmich, “Quantum telecommunication based on atomic cascade transitions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 093604 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chapman, M. S.

T. Chaneli`ere, D. N. Matsukevich, S. D. Jenkins, T. A. B. Kennedy, M. S. Chapman, and A. Kuzmich, “Quantum telecommunication based on atomic cascade transitions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 093604 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chen, S.

Z.-S. Yuan, Y.-A. Chen, B. Zhao, S. Chen, J. Schmiedmayer, and J.-W. Pan, “Entanglement demonstration of a BDCZ quantum repeater node,” Nature 454, 1098–1101 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, Y.-A.

Z.-S. Yuan, Y.-A. Chen, B. Zhao, S. Chen, J. Schmiedmayer, and J.-W. Pan, “Entanglement demonstration of a BDCZ quantum repeater node,” Nature 454, 1098–1101 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chou, C. W.

C. W. Chou, H. de Riedmatten, D. Felinto, S. V. Polyakov, S. J. van Enk, and H. J. Kimble, “Measurement-induced entanglement for excitation stored in remote atomic ensembles,” Nature 438, 828–832 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chou, M. H.

Cirac, J. I.

L.-M. Duan, M. D. Lukin, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, “Long-distance quantum communication with atomic ensembles and linear optics,” Nature 414, 413–418 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H.-J. Briegel, W. D¨ur, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, “Quantum repeaters: the role of imperfect local operations in quantum communication,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81(26), 5932–5935 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Cova, S.

R. T. Thew, S. Tanzilli, L. Krainer, S. C. Zeller, A. Rochas, I. Rech, S. Cova, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, “Low jitter up-conversion detectors for telecom wavelength GHz QKD,” N. J. Phys. 8, 32 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cristiani, I.

P. Martelli, P. Boffi, M. Ferrario, L. Marazzi, P. Parolari, R. Siano, V. Pusino, P. Minzioni, I. Cristiani, C. Langrock, M. Fejer, M. Martinelli, and V. Degiorgio, “All-optical wavelength conversion of a 100-Gb/s polarization-multiplexed signal,” Opt. Express 20(17), 17758–17763 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D¨ur, W.

H.-J. Briegel, W. D¨ur, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, “Quantum repeaters: the role of imperfect local operations in quantum communication,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81(26), 5932–5935 (1998).
[CrossRef]

de Riedmatten, H.

B. Lauritzen, J. Miná?, H. de Riedmatten, M. Afzelius, N. Sangouard, C. Simon, and N. Gisin, “Telecommunication-wavelength solid-state memory at the single photon level,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 080502 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Usmani, M. Afzelius, H. de Riedmatten, and N. Gisin, “Mapping multiple photonic qubits into and out of one solid-state atomic ensemble,” Nat. Commun. 1, 1–7 (2010).
[CrossRef]

N. Sangouard, C. Simon, J. Miná?, H. Zbinden, H. de Riedmatten, and N. Gisin, “Long-distance entanglement distribution with single-photon sources,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 050301 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Simon, H. de Riedmatten, M. Afzelius, N. Sangouard, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, “Quantum repeaters with photon pair sources and multimode memories,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 190503 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Chou, H. de Riedmatten, D. Felinto, S. V. Polyakov, S. J. van Enk, and H. J. Kimble, “Measurement-induced entanglement for excitation stored in remote atomic ensembles,” Nature 438, 828–832 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Marcikic, H. De Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, “Long-distance teleportation of qubits at telecom wavelengths,” Nature 421, 509–513 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Degiorgio, V.

P. Martelli, P. Boffi, M. Ferrario, L. Marazzi, P. Parolari, R. Siano, V. Pusino, P. Minzioni, I. Cristiani, C. Langrock, M. Fejer, M. Martinelli, and V. Degiorgio, “All-optical wavelength conversion of a 100-Gb/s polarization-multiplexed signal,” Opt. Express 20(17), 17758–17763 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Diamanti, E.

Ding, Y.

Duan, L.-M.

S. Olmschenk, D. N. Matsukevich, P. Maunz, D. Hayes, L.-M. Duan, and C. Monroe, “Quantum teleportation between distant matter qubits,” Science 323(5913), 486–489 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L.-M. Duan, M. D. Lukin, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, “Long-distance quantum communication with atomic ensembles and linear optics,” Nature 414, 413–418 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fasel, S.

Fejer, M.

P. Martelli, P. Boffi, M. Ferrario, L. Marazzi, P. Parolari, R. Siano, V. Pusino, P. Minzioni, I. Cristiani, C. Langrock, M. Fejer, M. Martinelli, and V. Degiorgio, “All-optical wavelength conversion of a 100-Gb/s polarization-multiplexed signal,” Opt. Express 20(17), 17758–17763 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Fejer, M. M.

Felinto, D.

C. W. Chou, H. de Riedmatten, D. Felinto, S. V. Polyakov, S. J. van Enk, and H. J. Kimble, “Measurement-induced entanglement for excitation stored in remote atomic ensembles,” Nature 438, 828–832 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ferrario, M.

P. Martelli, P. Boffi, M. Ferrario, L. Marazzi, P. Parolari, R. Siano, V. Pusino, P. Minzioni, I. Cristiani, C. Langrock, M. Fejer, M. Martinelli, and V. Degiorgio, “All-optical wavelength conversion of a 100-Gb/s polarization-multiplexed signal,” Opt. Express 20(17), 17758–17763 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gautier, J.-D.

D. Stucki, C. Barreiro, S. Fasel, J.-D. Gautier, O. Gay, N. Gisin, R. Thew, Y. Thoma, P. Trinkler, F. Vannel, and H. Zbinden, “Continuous high-speed coherent one-way quantum key distribution,” Opt. Express 17, 13326–13334 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. T. Thew, D. Stucki, J.-D. Gautier, H. Zbinden, and A. Rochas, “Free-running InGaAs/InP avalanche photodiode single photon counting at telecom wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 201114 (2007).

Gay, O.

Gisin, N.

I. Usmani, M. Afzelius, H. de Riedmatten, and N. Gisin, “Mapping multiple photonic qubits into and out of one solid-state atomic ensemble,” Nat. Commun. 1, 1–7 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. Lauritzen, J. Miná?, H. de Riedmatten, M. Afzelius, N. Sangouard, C. Simon, and N. Gisin, “Telecommunication-wavelength solid-state memory at the single photon level,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 080502 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Stucki, C. Barreiro, S. Fasel, J.-D. Gautier, O. Gay, N. Gisin, R. Thew, Y. Thoma, P. Trinkler, F. Vannel, and H. Zbinden, “Continuous high-speed coherent one-way quantum key distribution,” Opt. Express 17, 13326–13334 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. T. Thew, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, “Tunable upconversion photon detector,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 071104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

N. Gisin and R. Thew, “Quantum communication,” Nat. Photonics (3),165–171 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Simon, H. de Riedmatten, M. Afzelius, N. Sangouard, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, “Quantum repeaters with photon pair sources and multimode memories,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 190503 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Sangouard, C. Simon, J. Miná?, H. Zbinden, H. de Riedmatten, and N. Gisin, “Long-distance entanglement distribution with single-photon sources,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 050301 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. T. Thew, S. Tanzilli, L. Krainer, S. C. Zeller, A. Rochas, I. Rech, S. Cova, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, “Low jitter up-conversion detectors for telecom wavelength GHz QKD,” N. J. Phys. 8, 32 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Tanzilli, W. Tittel, M. Halder, O. Alibart, P. Baldi, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, “A photonic quantum information interface,” Nature 437, 116–120 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Marcikic, H. De Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, “Long-distance teleportation of qubits at telecom wavelengths,” Nature 421, 509–513 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Halder, M.

S. Tanzilli, W. Tittel, M. Halder, O. Alibart, P. Baldi, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, “A photonic quantum information interface,” Nature 437, 116–120 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hauden, J.

Hayes, D.

S. Olmschenk, D. N. Matsukevich, P. Maunz, D. Hayes, L.-M. Duan, and C. Monroe, “Quantum teleportation between distant matter qubits,” Science 323(5913), 486–489 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Herrmann, H.

Jenkins, S. D.

T. Chaneli`ere, D. N. Matsukevich, S. D. Jenkins, T. A. B. Kennedy, M. S. Chapman, and A. Kuzmich, “Quantum telecommunication based on atomic cascade transitions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 093604 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kennedy, T. A. B.

T. Chaneli`ere, D. N. Matsukevich, S. D. Jenkins, T. A. B. Kennedy, M. S. Chapman, and A. Kuzmich, “Quantum telecommunication based on atomic cascade transitions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 093604 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kimble, H. J.

C. W. Chou, H. de Riedmatten, D. Felinto, S. V. Polyakov, S. J. van Enk, and H. J. Kimble, “Measurement-induced entanglement for excitation stored in remote atomic ensembles,” Nature 438, 828–832 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krainer, L.

R. T. Thew, S. Tanzilli, L. Krainer, S. C. Zeller, A. Rochas, I. Rech, S. Cova, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, “Low jitter up-conversion detectors for telecom wavelength GHz QKD,” N. J. Phys. 8, 32 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kuzmich, A.

T. Chaneli`ere, D. N. Matsukevich, S. D. Jenkins, T. A. B. Kennedy, M. S. Chapman, and A. Kuzmich, “Quantum telecommunication based on atomic cascade transitions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 093604 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kwiat, P. G.

A. P. VanDevender, and P. G. Kwiat, “High efficiency single photon detection via frequency up-conversion,” J. Mod. Opt. 51, 1433–1445 (2004).

Langrock, C.

Lauritzen, B.

B. Lauritzen, J. Miná?, H. de Riedmatten, M. Afzelius, N. Sangouard, C. Simon, and N. Gisin, “Telecommunication-wavelength solid-state memory at the single photon level,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 080502 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lukin, M. D.

L.-M. Duan, M. D. Lukin, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, “Long-distance quantum communication with atomic ensembles and linear optics,” Nature 414, 413–418 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Marazzi, L.

P. Martelli, P. Boffi, M. Ferrario, L. Marazzi, P. Parolari, R. Siano, V. Pusino, P. Minzioni, I. Cristiani, C. Langrock, M. Fejer, M. Martinelli, and V. Degiorgio, “All-optical wavelength conversion of a 100-Gb/s polarization-multiplexed signal,” Opt. Express 20(17), 17758–17763 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Marcikic, I.

I. Marcikic, H. De Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, “Long-distance teleportation of qubits at telecom wavelengths,” Nature 421, 509–513 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Martelli, P.

P. Martelli, P. Boffi, M. Ferrario, L. Marazzi, P. Parolari, R. Siano, V. Pusino, P. Minzioni, I. Cristiani, C. Langrock, M. Fejer, M. Martinelli, and V. Degiorgio, “All-optical wavelength conversion of a 100-Gb/s polarization-multiplexed signal,” Opt. Express 20(17), 17758–17763 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Martinelli, M.

P. Martelli, P. Boffi, M. Ferrario, L. Marazzi, P. Parolari, R. Siano, V. Pusino, P. Minzioni, I. Cristiani, C. Langrock, M. Fejer, M. Martinelli, and V. Degiorgio, “All-optical wavelength conversion of a 100-Gb/s polarization-multiplexed signal,” Opt. Express 20(17), 17758–17763 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Matsukevich, D. N.

T. Chaneli`ere, D. N. Matsukevich, S. D. Jenkins, T. A. B. Kennedy, M. S. Chapman, and A. Kuzmich, “Quantum telecommunication based on atomic cascade transitions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 093604 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Olmschenk, D. N. Matsukevich, P. Maunz, D. Hayes, L.-M. Duan, and C. Monroe, “Quantum teleportation between distant matter qubits,” Science 323(5913), 486–489 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Maunz, P.

S. Olmschenk, D. N. Matsukevich, P. Maunz, D. Hayes, L.-M. Duan, and C. Monroe, “Quantum teleportation between distant matter qubits,” Science 323(5913), 486–489 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Minár, J.

B. Lauritzen, J. Miná?, H. de Riedmatten, M. Afzelius, N. Sangouard, C. Simon, and N. Gisin, “Telecommunication-wavelength solid-state memory at the single photon level,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 080502 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Sangouard, C. Simon, J. Miná?, H. Zbinden, H. de Riedmatten, and N. Gisin, “Long-distance entanglement distribution with single-photon sources,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 050301 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Minzioni, P.

P. Martelli, P. Boffi, M. Ferrario, L. Marazzi, P. Parolari, R. Siano, V. Pusino, P. Minzioni, I. Cristiani, C. Langrock, M. Fejer, M. Martinelli, and V. Degiorgio, “All-optical wavelength conversion of a 100-Gb/s polarization-multiplexed signal,” Opt. Express 20(17), 17758–17763 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Monroe, C.

S. Olmschenk, D. N. Matsukevich, P. Maunz, D. Hayes, L.-M. Duan, and C. Monroe, “Quantum teleportation between distant matter qubits,” Science 323(5913), 486–489 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Olmschenk, S.

S. Olmschenk, D. N. Matsukevich, P. Maunz, D. Hayes, L.-M. Duan, and C. Monroe, “Quantum teleportation between distant matter qubits,” Science 323(5913), 486–489 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ou, Z. Y.

Pan, J.-W.

Z.-S. Yuan, Y.-A. Chen, B. Zhao, S. Chen, J. Schmiedmayer, and J.-W. Pan, “Entanglement demonstration of a BDCZ quantum repeater node,” Nature 454, 1098–1101 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Parolari, P.

P. Martelli, P. Boffi, M. Ferrario, L. Marazzi, P. Parolari, R. Siano, V. Pusino, P. Minzioni, I. Cristiani, C. Langrock, M. Fejer, M. Martinelli, and V. Degiorgio, “All-optical wavelength conversion of a 100-Gb/s polarization-multiplexed signal,” Opt. Express 20(17), 17758–17763 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Polyakov, S. V.

C. W. Chou, H. de Riedmatten, D. Felinto, S. V. Polyakov, S. J. van Enk, and H. J. Kimble, “Measurement-induced entanglement for excitation stored in remote atomic ensembles,” Nature 438, 828–832 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pusino, V.

P. Martelli, P. Boffi, M. Ferrario, L. Marazzi, P. Parolari, R. Siano, V. Pusino, P. Minzioni, I. Cristiani, C. Langrock, M. Fejer, M. Martinelli, and V. Degiorgio, “All-optical wavelength conversion of a 100-Gb/s polarization-multiplexed signal,” Opt. Express 20(17), 17758–17763 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rech, I.

R. T. Thew, S. Tanzilli, L. Krainer, S. C. Zeller, A. Rochas, I. Rech, S. Cova, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, “Low jitter up-conversion detectors for telecom wavelength GHz QKD,” N. J. Phys. 8, 32 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Rochas, A.

R. T. Thew, D. Stucki, J.-D. Gautier, H. Zbinden, and A. Rochas, “Free-running InGaAs/InP avalanche photodiode single photon counting at telecom wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 201114 (2007).

R. T. Thew, S. Tanzilli, L. Krainer, S. C. Zeller, A. Rochas, I. Rech, S. Cova, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, “Low jitter up-conversion detectors for telecom wavelength GHz QKD,” N. J. Phys. 8, 32 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Rosenfeld, W.

W. Rosenfeld, S. Berner, J. Volz, M. Weber, and H. Weinfurter, “Remote preparation of an atomic quantum memory,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(5), 050504 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Roussev, R. V.

Sangouard, N.

B. Lauritzen, J. Miná?, H. de Riedmatten, M. Afzelius, N. Sangouard, C. Simon, and N. Gisin, “Telecommunication-wavelength solid-state memory at the single photon level,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 080502 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Simon, H. de Riedmatten, M. Afzelius, N. Sangouard, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, “Quantum repeaters with photon pair sources and multimode memories,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 190503 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Sangouard, C. Simon, J. Miná?, H. Zbinden, H. de Riedmatten, and N. Gisin, “Long-distance entanglement distribution with single-photon sources,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 050301 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Schmiedmayer, J.

Z.-S. Yuan, Y.-A. Chen, B. Zhao, S. Chen, J. Schmiedmayer, and J.-W. Pan, “Entanglement demonstration of a BDCZ quantum repeater node,” Nature 454, 1098–1101 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Siano, R.

P. Martelli, P. Boffi, M. Ferrario, L. Marazzi, P. Parolari, R. Siano, V. Pusino, P. Minzioni, I. Cristiani, C. Langrock, M. Fejer, M. Martinelli, and V. Degiorgio, “All-optical wavelength conversion of a 100-Gb/s polarization-multiplexed signal,” Opt. Express 20(17), 17758–17763 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Simon, C.

B. Lauritzen, J. Miná?, H. de Riedmatten, M. Afzelius, N. Sangouard, C. Simon, and N. Gisin, “Telecommunication-wavelength solid-state memory at the single photon level,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 080502 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Sangouard, C. Simon, J. Miná?, H. Zbinden, H. de Riedmatten, and N. Gisin, “Long-distance entanglement distribution with single-photon sources,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 050301 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Simon, H. de Riedmatten, M. Afzelius, N. Sangouard, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, “Quantum repeaters with photon pair sources and multimode memories,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 190503 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sohler, W.

Stucki, D.

D. Stucki, C. Barreiro, S. Fasel, J.-D. Gautier, O. Gay, N. Gisin, R. Thew, Y. Thoma, P. Trinkler, F. Vannel, and H. Zbinden, “Continuous high-speed coherent one-way quantum key distribution,” Opt. Express 17, 13326–13334 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. T. Thew, D. Stucki, J.-D. Gautier, H. Zbinden, and A. Rochas, “Free-running InGaAs/InP avalanche photodiode single photon counting at telecom wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 201114 (2007).

Takesue, H.

Tanzilli, S.

R. T. Thew, S. Tanzilli, L. Krainer, S. C. Zeller, A. Rochas, I. Rech, S. Cova, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, “Low jitter up-conversion detectors for telecom wavelength GHz QKD,” N. J. Phys. 8, 32 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Tanzilli, W. Tittel, M. Halder, O. Alibart, P. Baldi, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, “A photonic quantum information interface,” Nature 437, 116–120 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Thew, R.

Thew, R. T.

R. T. Thew, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, “Tunable upconversion photon detector,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 071104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. T. Thew, D. Stucki, J.-D. Gautier, H. Zbinden, and A. Rochas, “Free-running InGaAs/InP avalanche photodiode single photon counting at telecom wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 201114 (2007).

R. T. Thew, S. Tanzilli, L. Krainer, S. C. Zeller, A. Rochas, I. Rech, S. Cova, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, “Low jitter up-conversion detectors for telecom wavelength GHz QKD,” N. J. Phys. 8, 32 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Thoma, Y.

Tittel, W.

S. Tanzilli, W. Tittel, M. Halder, O. Alibart, P. Baldi, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, “A photonic quantum information interface,” Nature 437, 116–120 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Marcikic, H. De Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, “Long-distance teleportation of qubits at telecom wavelengths,” Nature 421, 509–513 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Trinkler, P.

Usmani, I.

I. Usmani, M. Afzelius, H. de Riedmatten, and N. Gisin, “Mapping multiple photonic qubits into and out of one solid-state atomic ensemble,” Nat. Commun. 1, 1–7 (2010).
[CrossRef]

van Enk, S. J.

C. W. Chou, H. de Riedmatten, D. Felinto, S. V. Polyakov, S. J. van Enk, and H. J. Kimble, “Measurement-induced entanglement for excitation stored in remote atomic ensembles,” Nature 438, 828–832 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

VanDevender, A. P.

A. P. VanDevender, and P. G. Kwiat, “High efficiency single photon detection via frequency up-conversion,” J. Mod. Opt. 51, 1433–1445 (2004).

Vannel, F.

Volz, J.

W. Rosenfeld, S. Berner, J. Volz, M. Weber, and H. Weinfurter, “Remote preparation of an atomic quantum memory,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(5), 050504 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weber, M.

W. Rosenfeld, S. Berner, J. Volz, M. Weber, and H. Weinfurter, “Remote preparation of an atomic quantum memory,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(5), 050504 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weinfurter, H.

W. Rosenfeld, S. Berner, J. Volz, M. Weber, and H. Weinfurter, “Remote preparation of an atomic quantum memory,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(5), 050504 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wong, F. N. C.

Yamamoto, Y.

Yuan, Z.-S.

Z.-S. Yuan, Y.-A. Chen, B. Zhao, S. Chen, J. Schmiedmayer, and J.-W. Pan, “Entanglement demonstration of a BDCZ quantum repeater node,” Nature 454, 1098–1101 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zbinden, H.

D. Stucki, C. Barreiro, S. Fasel, J.-D. Gautier, O. Gay, N. Gisin, R. Thew, Y. Thoma, P. Trinkler, F. Vannel, and H. Zbinden, “Continuous high-speed coherent one-way quantum key distribution,” Opt. Express 17, 13326–13334 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. T. Thew, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, “Tunable upconversion photon detector,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 071104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Simon, H. de Riedmatten, M. Afzelius, N. Sangouard, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, “Quantum repeaters with photon pair sources and multimode memories,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 190503 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. T. Thew, D. Stucki, J.-D. Gautier, H. Zbinden, and A. Rochas, “Free-running InGaAs/InP avalanche photodiode single photon counting at telecom wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 201114 (2007).

N. Sangouard, C. Simon, J. Miná?, H. Zbinden, H. de Riedmatten, and N. Gisin, “Long-distance entanglement distribution with single-photon sources,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 050301 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. T. Thew, S. Tanzilli, L. Krainer, S. C. Zeller, A. Rochas, I. Rech, S. Cova, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, “Low jitter up-conversion detectors for telecom wavelength GHz QKD,” N. J. Phys. 8, 32 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Tanzilli, W. Tittel, M. Halder, O. Alibart, P. Baldi, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, “A photonic quantum information interface,” Nature 437, 116–120 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Marcikic, H. De Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, “Long-distance teleportation of qubits at telecom wavelengths,” Nature 421, 509–513 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zeller, S. C.

R. T. Thew, S. Tanzilli, L. Krainer, S. C. Zeller, A. Rochas, I. Rech, S. Cova, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, “Low jitter up-conversion detectors for telecom wavelength GHz QKD,” N. J. Phys. 8, 32 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, B.

Z.-S. Yuan, Y.-A. Chen, B. Zhao, S. Chen, J. Schmiedmayer, and J.-W. Pan, “Entanglement demonstration of a BDCZ quantum repeater node,” Nature 454, 1098–1101 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zoller, P.

L.-M. Duan, M. D. Lukin, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, “Long-distance quantum communication with atomic ensembles and linear optics,” Nature 414, 413–418 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H.-J. Briegel, W. D¨ur, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, “Quantum repeaters: the role of imperfect local operations in quantum communication,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81(26), 5932–5935 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

R. T. Thew, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, “Tunable upconversion photon detector,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 071104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. T. Thew, D. Stucki, J.-D. Gautier, H. Zbinden, and A. Rochas, “Free-running InGaAs/InP avalanche photodiode single photon counting at telecom wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 201114 (2007).

J. Mod. Opt.

A. P. VanDevender, and P. G. Kwiat, “High efficiency single photon detection via frequency up-conversion,” J. Mod. Opt. 51, 1433–1445 (2004).

N. J. Phys.

R. T. Thew, S. Tanzilli, L. Krainer, S. C. Zeller, A. Rochas, I. Rech, S. Cova, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, “Low jitter up-conversion detectors for telecom wavelength GHz QKD,” N. J. Phys. 8, 32 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Commun.

I. Usmani, M. Afzelius, H. de Riedmatten, and N. Gisin, “Mapping multiple photonic qubits into and out of one solid-state atomic ensemble,” Nat. Commun. 1, 1–7 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics

N. Gisin and R. Thew, “Quantum communication,” Nat. Photonics (3),165–171 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nature

C. W. Chou, H. de Riedmatten, D. Felinto, S. V. Polyakov, S. J. van Enk, and H. J. Kimble, “Measurement-induced entanglement for excitation stored in remote atomic ensembles,” Nature 438, 828–832 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z.-S. Yuan, Y.-A. Chen, B. Zhao, S. Chen, J. Schmiedmayer, and J.-W. Pan, “Entanglement demonstration of a BDCZ quantum repeater node,” Nature 454, 1098–1101 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Marcikic, H. De Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, “Long-distance teleportation of qubits at telecom wavelengths,” Nature 421, 509–513 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L.-M. Duan, M. D. Lukin, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, “Long-distance quantum communication with atomic ensembles and linear optics,” Nature 414, 413–418 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Tanzilli, W. Tittel, M. Halder, O. Alibart, P. Baldi, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, “A photonic quantum information interface,” Nature 437, 116–120 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express

P. Martelli, P. Boffi, M. Ferrario, L. Marazzi, P. Parolari, R. Siano, V. Pusino, P. Minzioni, I. Cristiani, C. Langrock, M. Fejer, M. Martinelli, and V. Degiorgio, “All-optical wavelength conversion of a 100-Gb/s polarization-multiplexed signal,” Opt. Express 20(17), 17758–17763 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D. Stucki, C. Barreiro, S. Fasel, J.-D. Gautier, O. Gay, N. Gisin, R. Thew, Y. Thoma, P. Trinkler, F. Vannel, and H. Zbinden, “Continuous high-speed coherent one-way quantum key distribution,” Opt. Express 17, 13326–13334 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. A

H. Takesue, “Single-photon frequency down-conversion experiment,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 013833 (2010).
[CrossRef]

N. Sangouard, C. Simon, J. Miná?, H. Zbinden, H. de Riedmatten, and N. Gisin, “Long-distance entanglement distribution with single-photon sources,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 050301 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

W. Rosenfeld, S. Berner, J. Volz, M. Weber, and H. Weinfurter, “Remote preparation of an atomic quantum memory,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(5), 050504 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Takesue, “Erasing distinguishability using quantum frequency up-conversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 173901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Chaneli`ere, D. N. Matsukevich, S. D. Jenkins, T. A. B. Kennedy, M. S. Chapman, and A. Kuzmich, “Quantum telecommunication based on atomic cascade transitions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 093604 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H.-J. Briegel, W. D¨ur, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, “Quantum repeaters: the role of imperfect local operations in quantum communication,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81(26), 5932–5935 (1998).
[CrossRef]

B. Lauritzen, J. Miná?, H. de Riedmatten, M. Afzelius, N. Sangouard, C. Simon, and N. Gisin, “Telecommunication-wavelength solid-state memory at the single photon level,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 080502 (2010).
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[CrossRef]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Elementary link for entanglement creation between two quantum memories. Probability of success is enhanced as the quantum interfaces convert the photons’ wavelength before propagation through the fibers. Once two adjacent elementary links are established, entanglement can be further distributed through swapping procedures.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental set-up to characterize the coherence of the quantum interface (see text). A time-to-amplitude-converter (TAC) records the difference in arrival time between the pulsed laser source and the detection (inset, top right).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Performance of the quantum interface. (a) QI efficiency ηQI as a function of the 1550 nm pump power in the waveguide. (b) Count rates for interfering events detected in the Single Channel Analyzer (SCA) of the TAC for <n> = 1. As the phase of the fiber interferometer is scanned, a net interference visibility of V = 96 % (raw: 84 %) is obtained.

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