Abstract

The timing jitter performance of a 5 GHz quantum dot passively mode-locked laser is investigated at different harmonics in the RF spectrum. The necessity of measuring the phase noise at relatively large harmonic numbers is motivated experimentally in the context of determining the corner frequency, its correlation to the RF linewidth, and the related white noise plateau level. The single-sideband phase noise with an integrated timing jitter of 211 fs (4-80 MHz) is reported. An all-microwave technique has been used to determine a pulse-to-pulse rms timing jitter of 96 fs/cycle. This low timing jitter value makes the chip-scale quantum dot mode-locked laser an attractive source for low noise applications such as optical clocking and sampling.

© 2010 OSA

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2010 (3)

A. Akrout, A. Shen, A. Enard, G.-H. Duan, F. Lelarge, and A. Ramdane, “Low phase noise all-optical oscillator using quantum dash modelocked laser,” Electron. Lett. 46(1), 73–73 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Breuer, W. Elsaer, J. G. McInerney, K. Yvind, J. Pozo, E. A. J. M. Bente, M. Yousefi, A. Villafranca, N. Vogiatzis, and J. Rorison, “Investigations of Repetition Rate Stability of a Mode-Locked Quantum Dot Semiconductor Laser in an Auxiliary Optical Fiber Cavity,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(2), 150–157 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C.-Y. Lin, F. Grillot, N. A. Naderi, Y. Li, and L. F. Lester, “rf linewidth reduction in a quantum dot passively mode-locked laser subject to external optical feedback,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(5), 051118 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

G. Carpintero, M. G. Thompson, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, “Low noise performance of passively mode-locked 10-GHz quantum dot laser diode,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(6), 389–391 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. G. Thompson, A. R. Rae, M. Xia, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, “InGaAs quantum-dot mode-locked laser diodes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 661–672 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

F. Kefelian, S. O'Donoghue, M. T. Todaro, J. G. McInerney, and G. Huyet, “RF linewidth in monolithic passively mode-locked semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(16), 1405–1407 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Tourrenc, A. Akrout, K. Merghem, A. Martinez, F. Lelarge, A. Shen, G. H. Duan, and A. Ramdane, “Experimental investigation of the timing jitter in self-pulsating quantum-dash lasers operating at 1.55 µm,” Opt. Express 16(22), 17706–17713 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (2)

2006 (2)

Y.-C. Xin, Y. Li, A. Martinez, T. J. Rotter, H. Su, L. Zhang, A. L. Gray, S. Luong, K. Sun, Z. Zou, J. Zilko, P. M. Varangis, and L. F. Lester, “Optical gain and absorption of quantum dots measured using an alternative segmented contact method,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42(7), 725–732 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. Zhang, L.-S. Cheng, A. L. Gray, H. Huang, S. Kutty, H. Li, J. Nagyvary, F. Nabulsi, L. Olona, E. Pease, Q. Sun, C. Wiggins, J. C. Zilko, Z. Zou, and P. M. Varangis, “High-power low-jitter quantum-dot passively mode-locked lasers,” Proc. SPIE 6115, 611502 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

T. Yilmaz, C. M. Depriest, A. Braun, J. H. Abeles, and P. J. Delfyett, “Noise in Fundamental and Harmonic Modelocked Semiconductor Lasers: Experiments and Simulations,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39(7), 838–849 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

1996 (1)

1986 (1)

D. Von der Linde, “Characterization of noise in continuously operating mode-locked lasers,” Appl. Phys., B Photophys. Laser Chem. 39(4), 201–217 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Abeles, J. H.

T. Yilmaz, C. M. Depriest, A. Braun, J. H. Abeles, and P. J. Delfyett, “Noise in Fundamental and Harmonic Modelocked Semiconductor Lasers: Experiments and Simulations,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39(7), 838–849 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Akrout, A.

A. Akrout, A. Shen, A. Enard, G.-H. Duan, F. Lelarge, and A. Ramdane, “Low phase noise all-optical oscillator using quantum dash modelocked laser,” Electron. Lett. 46(1), 73–73 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Tourrenc, A. Akrout, K. Merghem, A. Martinez, F. Lelarge, A. Shen, G. H. Duan, and A. Ramdane, “Experimental investigation of the timing jitter in self-pulsating quantum-dash lasers operating at 1.55 µm,” Opt. Express 16(22), 17706–17713 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bente, E. A. J. M.

S. Breuer, W. Elsaer, J. G. McInerney, K. Yvind, J. Pozo, E. A. J. M. Bente, M. Yousefi, A. Villafranca, N. Vogiatzis, and J. Rorison, “Investigations of Repetition Rate Stability of a Mode-Locked Quantum Dot Semiconductor Laser in an Auxiliary Optical Fiber Cavity,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(2), 150–157 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Braun, A.

T. Yilmaz, C. M. Depriest, A. Braun, J. H. Abeles, and P. J. Delfyett, “Noise in Fundamental and Harmonic Modelocked Semiconductor Lasers: Experiments and Simulations,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39(7), 838–849 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Breuer, S.

S. Breuer, W. Elsaer, J. G. McInerney, K. Yvind, J. Pozo, E. A. J. M. Bente, M. Yousefi, A. Villafranca, N. Vogiatzis, and J. Rorison, “Investigations of Repetition Rate Stability of a Mode-Locked Quantum Dot Semiconductor Laser in an Auxiliary Optical Fiber Cavity,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(2), 150–157 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Carpintero, G.

G. Carpintero, M. G. Thompson, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, “Low noise performance of passively mode-locked 10-GHz quantum dot laser diode,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(6), 389–391 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Cataluna, M. A.

E. U. Rafailov, M. A. Cataluna, and W. Sibbett, “Mode-locked quantum-dot lasers,” Nat. Photonics 1(7), 395–401 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, L.-S.

L. Zhang, L.-S. Cheng, A. L. Gray, H. Huang, S. Kutty, H. Li, J. Nagyvary, F. Nabulsi, L. Olona, E. Pease, Q. Sun, C. Wiggins, J. C. Zilko, Z. Zou, and P. M. Varangis, “High-power low-jitter quantum-dot passively mode-locked lasers,” Proc. SPIE 6115, 611502 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Delfyett, P. J.

T. Yilmaz, C. M. Depriest, A. Braun, J. H. Abeles, and P. J. Delfyett, “Noise in Fundamental and Harmonic Modelocked Semiconductor Lasers: Experiments and Simulations,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39(7), 838–849 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Depriest, C. M.

T. Yilmaz, C. M. Depriest, A. Braun, J. H. Abeles, and P. J. Delfyett, “Noise in Fundamental and Harmonic Modelocked Semiconductor Lasers: Experiments and Simulations,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39(7), 838–849 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Duan, G. H.

Duan, G.-H.

A. Akrout, A. Shen, A. Enard, G.-H. Duan, F. Lelarge, and A. Ramdane, “Low phase noise all-optical oscillator using quantum dash modelocked laser,” Electron. Lett. 46(1), 73–73 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Eliyahu, D.

Elsaer, W.

S. Breuer, W. Elsaer, J. G. McInerney, K. Yvind, J. Pozo, E. A. J. M. Bente, M. Yousefi, A. Villafranca, N. Vogiatzis, and J. Rorison, “Investigations of Repetition Rate Stability of a Mode-Locked Quantum Dot Semiconductor Laser in an Auxiliary Optical Fiber Cavity,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(2), 150–157 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Enard, A.

A. Akrout, A. Shen, A. Enard, G.-H. Duan, F. Lelarge, and A. Ramdane, “Low phase noise all-optical oscillator using quantum dash modelocked laser,” Electron. Lett. 46(1), 73–73 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Gray, A. L.

Y.-C. Xin, Y. Li, V. Kovanis, A. L. Gray, L. Zhang, and L. F. Lester, “Reconfigurable quantum dot monolithic multisection passive mode-locked lasers,” Opt. Express 15(12), 7623–7633 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y.-C. Xin, Y. Li, A. Martinez, T. J. Rotter, H. Su, L. Zhang, A. L. Gray, S. Luong, K. Sun, Z. Zou, J. Zilko, P. M. Varangis, and L. F. Lester, “Optical gain and absorption of quantum dots measured using an alternative segmented contact method,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42(7), 725–732 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. Zhang, L.-S. Cheng, A. L. Gray, H. Huang, S. Kutty, H. Li, J. Nagyvary, F. Nabulsi, L. Olona, E. Pease, Q. Sun, C. Wiggins, J. C. Zilko, Z. Zou, and P. M. Varangis, “High-power low-jitter quantum-dot passively mode-locked lasers,” Proc. SPIE 6115, 611502 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Grillot, F.

C.-Y. Lin, F. Grillot, N. A. Naderi, Y. Li, and L. F. Lester, “rf linewidth reduction in a quantum dot passively mode-locked laser subject to external optical feedback,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(5), 051118 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Huang, H.

L. Zhang, L.-S. Cheng, A. L. Gray, H. Huang, S. Kutty, H. Li, J. Nagyvary, F. Nabulsi, L. Olona, E. Pease, Q. Sun, C. Wiggins, J. C. Zilko, Z. Zou, and P. M. Varangis, “High-power low-jitter quantum-dot passively mode-locked lasers,” Proc. SPIE 6115, 611502 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Huyet, G.

F. Kefelian, S. O'Donoghue, M. T. Todaro, J. G. McInerney, and G. Huyet, “RF linewidth in monolithic passively mode-locked semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(16), 1405–1407 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kefelian, F.

F. Kefelian, S. O'Donoghue, M. T. Todaro, J. G. McInerney, and G. Huyet, “RF linewidth in monolithic passively mode-locked semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(16), 1405–1407 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kovanis, V.

Kutty, S.

L. Zhang, L.-S. Cheng, A. L. Gray, H. Huang, S. Kutty, H. Li, J. Nagyvary, F. Nabulsi, L. Olona, E. Pease, Q. Sun, C. Wiggins, J. C. Zilko, Z. Zou, and P. M. Varangis, “High-power low-jitter quantum-dot passively mode-locked lasers,” Proc. SPIE 6115, 611502 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lelarge, F.

A. Akrout, A. Shen, A. Enard, G.-H. Duan, F. Lelarge, and A. Ramdane, “Low phase noise all-optical oscillator using quantum dash modelocked laser,” Electron. Lett. 46(1), 73–73 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Tourrenc, A. Akrout, K. Merghem, A. Martinez, F. Lelarge, A. Shen, G. H. Duan, and A. Ramdane, “Experimental investigation of the timing jitter in self-pulsating quantum-dash lasers operating at 1.55 µm,” Opt. Express 16(22), 17706–17713 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lester, L. F.

C.-Y. Lin, F. Grillot, N. A. Naderi, Y. Li, and L. F. Lester, “rf linewidth reduction in a quantum dot passively mode-locked laser subject to external optical feedback,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(5), 051118 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y.-C. Xin, Y. Li, V. Kovanis, A. L. Gray, L. Zhang, and L. F. Lester, “Reconfigurable quantum dot monolithic multisection passive mode-locked lasers,” Opt. Express 15(12), 7623–7633 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y.-C. Xin, Y. Li, A. Martinez, T. J. Rotter, H. Su, L. Zhang, A. L. Gray, S. Luong, K. Sun, Z. Zou, J. Zilko, P. M. Varangis, and L. F. Lester, “Optical gain and absorption of quantum dots measured using an alternative segmented contact method,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42(7), 725–732 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Li, H.

L. Zhang, L.-S. Cheng, A. L. Gray, H. Huang, S. Kutty, H. Li, J. Nagyvary, F. Nabulsi, L. Olona, E. Pease, Q. Sun, C. Wiggins, J. C. Zilko, Z. Zou, and P. M. Varangis, “High-power low-jitter quantum-dot passively mode-locked lasers,” Proc. SPIE 6115, 611502 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Li, Y.

C.-Y. Lin, F. Grillot, N. A. Naderi, Y. Li, and L. F. Lester, “rf linewidth reduction in a quantum dot passively mode-locked laser subject to external optical feedback,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(5), 051118 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y.-C. Xin, Y. Li, V. Kovanis, A. L. Gray, L. Zhang, and L. F. Lester, “Reconfigurable quantum dot monolithic multisection passive mode-locked lasers,” Opt. Express 15(12), 7623–7633 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y.-C. Xin, Y. Li, A. Martinez, T. J. Rotter, H. Su, L. Zhang, A. L. Gray, S. Luong, K. Sun, Z. Zou, J. Zilko, P. M. Varangis, and L. F. Lester, “Optical gain and absorption of quantum dots measured using an alternative segmented contact method,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42(7), 725–732 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lin, C.-Y.

C.-Y. Lin, F. Grillot, N. A. Naderi, Y. Li, and L. F. Lester, “rf linewidth reduction in a quantum dot passively mode-locked laser subject to external optical feedback,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(5), 051118 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Luong, S.

Y.-C. Xin, Y. Li, A. Martinez, T. J. Rotter, H. Su, L. Zhang, A. L. Gray, S. Luong, K. Sun, Z. Zou, J. Zilko, P. M. Varangis, and L. F. Lester, “Optical gain and absorption of quantum dots measured using an alternative segmented contact method,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42(7), 725–732 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Martinez, A.

J. P. Tourrenc, A. Akrout, K. Merghem, A. Martinez, F. Lelarge, A. Shen, G. H. Duan, and A. Ramdane, “Experimental investigation of the timing jitter in self-pulsating quantum-dash lasers operating at 1.55 µm,” Opt. Express 16(22), 17706–17713 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y.-C. Xin, Y. Li, A. Martinez, T. J. Rotter, H. Su, L. Zhang, A. L. Gray, S. Luong, K. Sun, Z. Zou, J. Zilko, P. M. Varangis, and L. F. Lester, “Optical gain and absorption of quantum dots measured using an alternative segmented contact method,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42(7), 725–732 (2006).
[CrossRef]

McInerney, J. G.

S. Breuer, W. Elsaer, J. G. McInerney, K. Yvind, J. Pozo, E. A. J. M. Bente, M. Yousefi, A. Villafranca, N. Vogiatzis, and J. Rorison, “Investigations of Repetition Rate Stability of a Mode-Locked Quantum Dot Semiconductor Laser in an Auxiliary Optical Fiber Cavity,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(2), 150–157 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. Kefelian, S. O'Donoghue, M. T. Todaro, J. G. McInerney, and G. Huyet, “RF linewidth in monolithic passively mode-locked semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(16), 1405–1407 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Merghem, K.

Nabulsi, F.

L. Zhang, L.-S. Cheng, A. L. Gray, H. Huang, S. Kutty, H. Li, J. Nagyvary, F. Nabulsi, L. Olona, E. Pease, Q. Sun, C. Wiggins, J. C. Zilko, Z. Zou, and P. M. Varangis, “High-power low-jitter quantum-dot passively mode-locked lasers,” Proc. SPIE 6115, 611502 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Naderi, N. A.

C.-Y. Lin, F. Grillot, N. A. Naderi, Y. Li, and L. F. Lester, “rf linewidth reduction in a quantum dot passively mode-locked laser subject to external optical feedback,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(5), 051118 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nagyvary, J.

L. Zhang, L.-S. Cheng, A. L. Gray, H. Huang, S. Kutty, H. Li, J. Nagyvary, F. Nabulsi, L. Olona, E. Pease, Q. Sun, C. Wiggins, J. C. Zilko, Z. Zou, and P. M. Varangis, “High-power low-jitter quantum-dot passively mode-locked lasers,” Proc. SPIE 6115, 611502 (2006).
[CrossRef]

O'Donoghue, S.

F. Kefelian, S. O'Donoghue, M. T. Todaro, J. G. McInerney, and G. Huyet, “RF linewidth in monolithic passively mode-locked semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(16), 1405–1407 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Olona, L.

L. Zhang, L.-S. Cheng, A. L. Gray, H. Huang, S. Kutty, H. Li, J. Nagyvary, F. Nabulsi, L. Olona, E. Pease, Q. Sun, C. Wiggins, J. C. Zilko, Z. Zou, and P. M. Varangis, “High-power low-jitter quantum-dot passively mode-locked lasers,” Proc. SPIE 6115, 611502 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Pease, E.

L. Zhang, L.-S. Cheng, A. L. Gray, H. Huang, S. Kutty, H. Li, J. Nagyvary, F. Nabulsi, L. Olona, E. Pease, Q. Sun, C. Wiggins, J. C. Zilko, Z. Zou, and P. M. Varangis, “High-power low-jitter quantum-dot passively mode-locked lasers,” Proc. SPIE 6115, 611502 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Penty, R. V.

G. Carpintero, M. G. Thompson, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, “Low noise performance of passively mode-locked 10-GHz quantum dot laser diode,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(6), 389–391 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. G. Thompson, A. R. Rae, M. Xia, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, “InGaAs quantum-dot mode-locked laser diodes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 661–672 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Pozo, J.

S. Breuer, W. Elsaer, J. G. McInerney, K. Yvind, J. Pozo, E. A. J. M. Bente, M. Yousefi, A. Villafranca, N. Vogiatzis, and J. Rorison, “Investigations of Repetition Rate Stability of a Mode-Locked Quantum Dot Semiconductor Laser in an Auxiliary Optical Fiber Cavity,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(2), 150–157 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Rae, A. R.

M. G. Thompson, A. R. Rae, M. Xia, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, “InGaAs quantum-dot mode-locked laser diodes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 661–672 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rafailov, E. U.

E. U. Rafailov, M. A. Cataluna, and W. Sibbett, “Mode-locked quantum-dot lasers,” Nat. Photonics 1(7), 395–401 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ramdane, A.

A. Akrout, A. Shen, A. Enard, G.-H. Duan, F. Lelarge, and A. Ramdane, “Low phase noise all-optical oscillator using quantum dash modelocked laser,” Electron. Lett. 46(1), 73–73 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Tourrenc, A. Akrout, K. Merghem, A. Martinez, F. Lelarge, A. Shen, G. H. Duan, and A. Ramdane, “Experimental investigation of the timing jitter in self-pulsating quantum-dash lasers operating at 1.55 µm,” Opt. Express 16(22), 17706–17713 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rorison, J.

S. Breuer, W. Elsaer, J. G. McInerney, K. Yvind, J. Pozo, E. A. J. M. Bente, M. Yousefi, A. Villafranca, N. Vogiatzis, and J. Rorison, “Investigations of Repetition Rate Stability of a Mode-Locked Quantum Dot Semiconductor Laser in an Auxiliary Optical Fiber Cavity,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(2), 150–157 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Rotter, T. J.

Y.-C. Xin, Y. Li, A. Martinez, T. J. Rotter, H. Su, L. Zhang, A. L. Gray, S. Luong, K. Sun, Z. Zou, J. Zilko, P. M. Varangis, and L. F. Lester, “Optical gain and absorption of quantum dots measured using an alternative segmented contact method,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42(7), 725–732 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Salvatore, R. A.

Shen, A.

A. Akrout, A. Shen, A. Enard, G.-H. Duan, F. Lelarge, and A. Ramdane, “Low phase noise all-optical oscillator using quantum dash modelocked laser,” Electron. Lett. 46(1), 73–73 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Tourrenc, A. Akrout, K. Merghem, A. Martinez, F. Lelarge, A. Shen, G. H. Duan, and A. Ramdane, “Experimental investigation of the timing jitter in self-pulsating quantum-dash lasers operating at 1.55 µm,” Opt. Express 16(22), 17706–17713 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sibbett, W.

E. U. Rafailov, M. A. Cataluna, and W. Sibbett, “Mode-locked quantum-dot lasers,” Nat. Photonics 1(7), 395–401 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Su, H.

Y.-C. Xin, Y. Li, A. Martinez, T. J. Rotter, H. Su, L. Zhang, A. L. Gray, S. Luong, K. Sun, Z. Zou, J. Zilko, P. M. Varangis, and L. F. Lester, “Optical gain and absorption of quantum dots measured using an alternative segmented contact method,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42(7), 725–732 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sun, K.

Y.-C. Xin, Y. Li, A. Martinez, T. J. Rotter, H. Su, L. Zhang, A. L. Gray, S. Luong, K. Sun, Z. Zou, J. Zilko, P. M. Varangis, and L. F. Lester, “Optical gain and absorption of quantum dots measured using an alternative segmented contact method,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42(7), 725–732 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sun, Q.

L. Zhang, L.-S. Cheng, A. L. Gray, H. Huang, S. Kutty, H. Li, J. Nagyvary, F. Nabulsi, L. Olona, E. Pease, Q. Sun, C. Wiggins, J. C. Zilko, Z. Zou, and P. M. Varangis, “High-power low-jitter quantum-dot passively mode-locked lasers,” Proc. SPIE 6115, 611502 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Thompson, M. G.

G. Carpintero, M. G. Thompson, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, “Low noise performance of passively mode-locked 10-GHz quantum dot laser diode,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(6), 389–391 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. G. Thompson, A. R. Rae, M. Xia, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, “InGaAs quantum-dot mode-locked laser diodes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 661–672 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Todaro, M. T.

F. Kefelian, S. O'Donoghue, M. T. Todaro, J. G. McInerney, and G. Huyet, “RF linewidth in monolithic passively mode-locked semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(16), 1405–1407 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tourrenc, J. P.

Varangis, P. M.

Y.-C. Xin, Y. Li, A. Martinez, T. J. Rotter, H. Su, L. Zhang, A. L. Gray, S. Luong, K. Sun, Z. Zou, J. Zilko, P. M. Varangis, and L. F. Lester, “Optical gain and absorption of quantum dots measured using an alternative segmented contact method,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42(7), 725–732 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. Zhang, L.-S. Cheng, A. L. Gray, H. Huang, S. Kutty, H. Li, J. Nagyvary, F. Nabulsi, L. Olona, E. Pease, Q. Sun, C. Wiggins, J. C. Zilko, Z. Zou, and P. M. Varangis, “High-power low-jitter quantum-dot passively mode-locked lasers,” Proc. SPIE 6115, 611502 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Villafranca, A.

S. Breuer, W. Elsaer, J. G. McInerney, K. Yvind, J. Pozo, E. A. J. M. Bente, M. Yousefi, A. Villafranca, N. Vogiatzis, and J. Rorison, “Investigations of Repetition Rate Stability of a Mode-Locked Quantum Dot Semiconductor Laser in an Auxiliary Optical Fiber Cavity,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(2), 150–157 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Vogiatzis, N.

S. Breuer, W. Elsaer, J. G. McInerney, K. Yvind, J. Pozo, E. A. J. M. Bente, M. Yousefi, A. Villafranca, N. Vogiatzis, and J. Rorison, “Investigations of Repetition Rate Stability of a Mode-Locked Quantum Dot Semiconductor Laser in an Auxiliary Optical Fiber Cavity,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(2), 150–157 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Von der Linde, D.

D. Von der Linde, “Characterization of noise in continuously operating mode-locked lasers,” Appl. Phys., B Photophys. Laser Chem. 39(4), 201–217 (1986).
[CrossRef]

White, I. H.

M. G. Thompson, A. R. Rae, M. Xia, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, “InGaAs quantum-dot mode-locked laser diodes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 661–672 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Carpintero, M. G. Thompson, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, “Low noise performance of passively mode-locked 10-GHz quantum dot laser diode,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(6), 389–391 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wiggins, C.

L. Zhang, L.-S. Cheng, A. L. Gray, H. Huang, S. Kutty, H. Li, J. Nagyvary, F. Nabulsi, L. Olona, E. Pease, Q. Sun, C. Wiggins, J. C. Zilko, Z. Zou, and P. M. Varangis, “High-power low-jitter quantum-dot passively mode-locked lasers,” Proc. SPIE 6115, 611502 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Xia, M.

M. G. Thompson, A. R. Rae, M. Xia, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, “InGaAs quantum-dot mode-locked laser diodes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 661–672 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Xin, Y.-C.

Y.-C. Xin, Y. Li, V. Kovanis, A. L. Gray, L. Zhang, and L. F. Lester, “Reconfigurable quantum dot monolithic multisection passive mode-locked lasers,” Opt. Express 15(12), 7623–7633 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y.-C. Xin, Y. Li, A. Martinez, T. J. Rotter, H. Su, L. Zhang, A. L. Gray, S. Luong, K. Sun, Z. Zou, J. Zilko, P. M. Varangis, and L. F. Lester, “Optical gain and absorption of quantum dots measured using an alternative segmented contact method,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42(7), 725–732 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yariv, A.

Yilmaz, T.

T. Yilmaz, C. M. Depriest, A. Braun, J. H. Abeles, and P. J. Delfyett, “Noise in Fundamental and Harmonic Modelocked Semiconductor Lasers: Experiments and Simulations,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39(7), 838–849 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yousefi, M.

S. Breuer, W. Elsaer, J. G. McInerney, K. Yvind, J. Pozo, E. A. J. M. Bente, M. Yousefi, A. Villafranca, N. Vogiatzis, and J. Rorison, “Investigations of Repetition Rate Stability of a Mode-Locked Quantum Dot Semiconductor Laser in an Auxiliary Optical Fiber Cavity,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(2), 150–157 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yvind, K.

S. Breuer, W. Elsaer, J. G. McInerney, K. Yvind, J. Pozo, E. A. J. M. Bente, M. Yousefi, A. Villafranca, N. Vogiatzis, and J. Rorison, “Investigations of Repetition Rate Stability of a Mode-Locked Quantum Dot Semiconductor Laser in an Auxiliary Optical Fiber Cavity,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(2), 150–157 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, L.

Y.-C. Xin, Y. Li, V. Kovanis, A. L. Gray, L. Zhang, and L. F. Lester, “Reconfigurable quantum dot monolithic multisection passive mode-locked lasers,” Opt. Express 15(12), 7623–7633 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y.-C. Xin, Y. Li, A. Martinez, T. J. Rotter, H. Su, L. Zhang, A. L. Gray, S. Luong, K. Sun, Z. Zou, J. Zilko, P. M. Varangis, and L. F. Lester, “Optical gain and absorption of quantum dots measured using an alternative segmented contact method,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42(7), 725–732 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. Zhang, L.-S. Cheng, A. L. Gray, H. Huang, S. Kutty, H. Li, J. Nagyvary, F. Nabulsi, L. Olona, E. Pease, Q. Sun, C. Wiggins, J. C. Zilko, Z. Zou, and P. M. Varangis, “High-power low-jitter quantum-dot passively mode-locked lasers,” Proc. SPIE 6115, 611502 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zilko, J.

Y.-C. Xin, Y. Li, A. Martinez, T. J. Rotter, H. Su, L. Zhang, A. L. Gray, S. Luong, K. Sun, Z. Zou, J. Zilko, P. M. Varangis, and L. F. Lester, “Optical gain and absorption of quantum dots measured using an alternative segmented contact method,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42(7), 725–732 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zilko, J. C.

L. Zhang, L.-S. Cheng, A. L. Gray, H. Huang, S. Kutty, H. Li, J. Nagyvary, F. Nabulsi, L. Olona, E. Pease, Q. Sun, C. Wiggins, J. C. Zilko, Z. Zou, and P. M. Varangis, “High-power low-jitter quantum-dot passively mode-locked lasers,” Proc. SPIE 6115, 611502 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zou, Z.

L. Zhang, L.-S. Cheng, A. L. Gray, H. Huang, S. Kutty, H. Li, J. Nagyvary, F. Nabulsi, L. Olona, E. Pease, Q. Sun, C. Wiggins, J. C. Zilko, Z. Zou, and P. M. Varangis, “High-power low-jitter quantum-dot passively mode-locked lasers,” Proc. SPIE 6115, 611502 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y.-C. Xin, Y. Li, A. Martinez, T. J. Rotter, H. Su, L. Zhang, A. L. Gray, S. Luong, K. Sun, Z. Zou, J. Zilko, P. M. Varangis, and L. F. Lester, “Optical gain and absorption of quantum dots measured using an alternative segmented contact method,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42(7), 725–732 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

C.-Y. Lin, F. Grillot, N. A. Naderi, Y. Li, and L. F. Lester, “rf linewidth reduction in a quantum dot passively mode-locked laser subject to external optical feedback,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(5), 051118 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys., B Photophys. Laser Chem. (1)

D. Von der Linde, “Characterization of noise in continuously operating mode-locked lasers,” Appl. Phys., B Photophys. Laser Chem. 39(4), 201–217 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

A. Akrout, A. Shen, A. Enard, G.-H. Duan, F. Lelarge, and A. Ramdane, “Low phase noise all-optical oscillator using quantum dash modelocked laser,” Electron. Lett. 46(1), 73–73 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (3)

S. Breuer, W. Elsaer, J. G. McInerney, K. Yvind, J. Pozo, E. A. J. M. Bente, M. Yousefi, A. Villafranca, N. Vogiatzis, and J. Rorison, “Investigations of Repetition Rate Stability of a Mode-Locked Quantum Dot Semiconductor Laser in an Auxiliary Optical Fiber Cavity,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(2), 150–157 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y.-C. Xin, Y. Li, A. Martinez, T. J. Rotter, H. Su, L. Zhang, A. L. Gray, S. Luong, K. Sun, Z. Zou, J. Zilko, P. M. Varangis, and L. F. Lester, “Optical gain and absorption of quantum dots measured using an alternative segmented contact method,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42(7), 725–732 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Yilmaz, C. M. Depriest, A. Braun, J. H. Abeles, and P. J. Delfyett, “Noise in Fundamental and Harmonic Modelocked Semiconductor Lasers: Experiments and Simulations,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39(7), 838–849 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. G. Thompson, A. R. Rae, M. Xia, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, “InGaAs quantum-dot mode-locked laser diodes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 661–672 (2009).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

F. Kefelian, S. O'Donoghue, M. T. Todaro, J. G. McInerney, and G. Huyet, “RF linewidth in monolithic passively mode-locked semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(16), 1405–1407 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. Carpintero, M. G. Thompson, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, “Low noise performance of passively mode-locked 10-GHz quantum dot laser diode,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(6), 389–391 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Nat. Photonics (1)

E. U. Rafailov, M. A. Cataluna, and W. Sibbett, “Mode-locked quantum-dot lasers,” Nat. Photonics 1(7), 395–401 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Proc. SPIE (1)

L. Zhang, L.-S. Cheng, A. L. Gray, H. Huang, S. Kutty, H. Li, J. Nagyvary, F. Nabulsi, L. Olona, E. Pease, Q. Sun, C. Wiggins, J. C. Zilko, Z. Zou, and P. M. Varangis, “High-power low-jitter quantum-dot passively mode-locked lasers,” Proc. SPIE 6115, 611502 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

M. G. Thompson, D. Larsson, A. Rae, K. Yvind, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, J. Hvam, A. R. Kovsh, S. Mikhrin, D. Livshits, and I. Krestnikov, “Monolithic hybrid and passive mode-locked 40 GHz quantum dot laser diodes,” Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (ECOC), 1–2 (2006).

C.-Y. Lin, F. Grillot, Y. Li, R. Raghunathan, and L. F. Lester, “Characterization of timing jitter in a quantum dot passively mode-locked laser at low offset frequency,” submitted to IEEE Photonics Society Annual Conference (2010).

“The control of jitter and wander within the optical transport network,” Recommendation G.8251, ITU-T, (2001).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Schematic of the epitaxial layer structure of the InAs QD laser. (b) Picture of the passive QD MLL packaged module.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

L-I characteristic measured at 20°C for an absorber bias of −7 V. The inset shows the optical spectrum under 90 mA gain current and −7 V reverse voltage.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

RF linewidth of 26.8 kHz under 90 mA gain current and −7 V reverse voltage. The inset shows the full span RF spectrum at the same bias condition.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) SSB-PN spectra density from different harmonics under 90 mA gain current and −7 V reverse voltage. (b) SSB-PN spectra density above the corner frequency normalized to n2 from different harmonics under the same bias condition as (a). (c) Timing jitter at the 3rd harmonic over the offset frequency range of 4 MHz to 80 MHz.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) RF linewidth of 95.4 kHz under 110 mA gain current and −7 V reverse voltage. (b) RF linewidth of 294 kHz under 130 mA gain current and −7 V reverse voltage. The black curves represent the Lorentzian curve-fitting results.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

SSB-PN spectra density at the 3rd harmonic under 90, 110, and 130 mA gain current and −7 V reverse voltage.

Equations (1)

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σ = 1 2 π n f R 2 f min f max L ( f ) d f

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