Abstract

We demonstrate a fully optical, long-distance remote comparison of independent ultrastable optical frequencies reaching a short term stability that is superior to any reported remote comparison of optical frequencies. We use two ultrastable lasers, which are separated by a geographical distance of more than 50 km, and compare them via a 73 km long phase-stabilized fiber in a commercial telecommunication network. The remote characterization spans more than one optical octave and reaches a fractional frequency instability between the independent ultrastable laser systems of 3 × 10−15 in 0.1 s. The achieved performance at 100 ms represents an improvement by one order of magnitude to any previously reported remote comparison of optical frequencies and enables future remote dissemination of the stability of 100 mHz linewidth lasers within seconds.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]

2009 (6)

J. Millo, D. V. Magalhães, C. Mandache, Y. Le Coq, E. M. L. English, P. G. Westergaard, J. Lodewyck, S. Bize, P. Lemonde, and G. Santarelli, "Ultrastable lasers based on vibration insensitive cavities," Phys. Rev. A 79, 053829 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. Lipphardt, G. Grosche, U. Sterr, C. Tamm, S. Weyers, and H. Schnatz, "The stability of an optical clock laser transferred to the interrogation oscillator for a Cs fountain," IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 58, 1258-1262 (2009).
[CrossRef]

O. Terra, G. Grosche, K. Predehl, R. Holzwarth, T. Legero, U. Sterr, B. Lipphardt, and H. Schnatz, "Phase-coherent comparison of two optical frequency standards over 146 km using a telecommunication fiber link," Appl. Phys. B 97, 541-551 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F.-L. Hong, M. Musha, M. Takamoto, H. Inaba, S. Yanagimachi, A. Takamizawa, K. Watabe, T. Ikegami, M. Imae, Y. Fujii, M. Amemiya, K. Nakagawa, K. Ueda, and H. Katori, "Measuring the frequency of a Sr optical lattice clock using a 120 km coherent optical transfer," Opt. Lett. 34, 692-694 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Kéfélian, O. Lopez, H. Jiang, C. Chardonnet, A. Amy-Klein, and G. Santarelli, "High-resolution optical frequency dissemination on a telecommunications network with data traffic," Opt. Lett. 34, 1573-1575 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Grosche, O. Terra, K. Predehl, R. Holzwarth, B. Lipphardt, F. Vogt, U. Sterr, and H. Schnatz, "Optical frequency transfer via 146 km fiber link with 10−19 relative accuracy," Opt. Lett. 34, 2270-2272 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (6)

P. A. Williams, W. C. Swann, and N. R. Newbury, "High-stability transfer of an optical frequency over long fiber-optic links," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, 1284-1293 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Jiang, F. Kéfélian, S. Crane, O. Lopez, M. Lours, J. Millo, D. Holleville, P. Lemonde, C. Chardonnet, A. Amy-Klein, and G. Santarelli, "Long-distance frequency transfer over an urban fiber link using optical phase stabilization," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, 2029-2035 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. Grosche, B. Lipphardt, and H. Schnatz, "Optical frequency synthesis and measurement using fibre-based femtosecond lasers," Eur. Phys. J. D 48, 27-33 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Rosenband, D. B. Hume, P. O. Schmidt, C. W. Chou, A. Brusch, L. Lorini, W. H. Oskay, R. E. Drullinger, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, W. C. Swann, N. R. Newbury, W. M. Itano, D. J. Wineland, and J. C. Bergquist, "Frequency ratio of Al+ and Hg+ single-ion optical clocks; metrology at the 17th decimal place," Science 319, 1808 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Ludlow, T. Zelevinsky, G. Campbell, S. Blatt, M. Boyd, M. de Miranda, M. Martin, J. Thomsen, S. Foreman, J. Ye, T. Fortier, J. Stalnaker, S. Diddams, Y. Le Coq, Z. Barber, N. Poli, N. Lemke, K. Beck, and C. Oates, "Sr Lattice Clock at 1×10−16 Fractional Uncertainty by Remote Optical Evaluation with a Ca Clock," Science 319, 1805 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. A. Webster, M. Oxborrow, S. Pugla, J. Millo, and P. Gill, "Thermal-noise-limited optical cavity," Phys. Rev. A 77, 033847 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (5)

S. Dawkins, J. McFerran, and A. Luiten, "Considerations on the measurement of the stability of oscillators with frequency counters," IEEE Tr. UFFC 54, 918-925 (2007).

S. M. Foreman, K. W. Holman, D. D. Hudson, D. J. Jones, and J. Ye, "Remote transfer of ultrastable frequency references via fiber networks," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78, 021101 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. M. Foreman, A. D. Ludlow, M. H. G. de Miranda, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, and J. Ye, "Coherent optical phase transfer over a 32-km fiber with 1 s instability at 10−17," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 153601 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. A. Webster, M. Oxborrow, and P. Gill, "Vibration insensitive optical cavity," Phys. Rev. A 75, 011801 (2007).
[CrossRef]

N. R. Newbury, P. A. Williams, and W. C. Swann, "Coherent transfer of an optical carrier over 251 km," Opt. Lett. 32, 3056-3058 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (2)

H. Stoehr, F. Mensing, J. Helmcke, and U. Sterr, "Diode laser with 1 Hz linewidth," Opt. Lett. 31, 736-738 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Nazarova, F. Riehle, and U. Sterr, "Vibration-insensitive reference cavity for an ultra-narrow-linewidth laser," Appl. Phys. B 83, 531-536 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

2004 (1)

K. Numata, A. Kemery, and J. Camp, "Thermal-noise limit in the frequency stabilization of lasers with rigid cavities," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 250602 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

1994 (1)

Amemiya, M.

Amy-Klein, A.

Barber, Z.

A. Ludlow, T. Zelevinsky, G. Campbell, S. Blatt, M. Boyd, M. de Miranda, M. Martin, J. Thomsen, S. Foreman, J. Ye, T. Fortier, J. Stalnaker, S. Diddams, Y. Le Coq, Z. Barber, N. Poli, N. Lemke, K. Beck, and C. Oates, "Sr Lattice Clock at 1×10−16 Fractional Uncertainty by Remote Optical Evaluation with a Ca Clock," Science 319, 1805 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Beck, K.

A. Ludlow, T. Zelevinsky, G. Campbell, S. Blatt, M. Boyd, M. de Miranda, M. Martin, J. Thomsen, S. Foreman, J. Ye, T. Fortier, J. Stalnaker, S. Diddams, Y. Le Coq, Z. Barber, N. Poli, N. Lemke, K. Beck, and C. Oates, "Sr Lattice Clock at 1×10−16 Fractional Uncertainty by Remote Optical Evaluation with a Ca Clock," Science 319, 1805 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bergquist, J. C.

T. Rosenband, D. B. Hume, P. O. Schmidt, C. W. Chou, A. Brusch, L. Lorini, W. H. Oskay, R. E. Drullinger, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, W. C. Swann, N. R. Newbury, W. M. Itano, D. J. Wineland, and J. C. Bergquist, "Frequency ratio of Al+ and Hg+ single-ion optical clocks; metrology at the 17th decimal place," Science 319, 1808 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Ye, J.-L. Peng, R. J. Jones, K. W. Holman, J. L. Hall, D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. Kitching, S. Bize, J. C. Bergquist, L. W. Hollberg, L. Robertsson, and L.-S. Ma, "Delivery of high-stability optical and microwave frequency standards over an optical fiber network," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20, 1459-1467 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bize, S.

J. Millo, D. V. Magalhães, C. Mandache, Y. Le Coq, E. M. L. English, P. G. Westergaard, J. Lodewyck, S. Bize, P. Lemonde, and G. Santarelli, "Ultrastable lasers based on vibration insensitive cavities," Phys. Rev. A 79, 053829 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Ye, J.-L. Peng, R. J. Jones, K. W. Holman, J. L. Hall, D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. Kitching, S. Bize, J. C. Bergquist, L. W. Hollberg, L. Robertsson, and L.-S. Ma, "Delivery of high-stability optical and microwave frequency standards over an optical fiber network," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20, 1459-1467 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Blatt, S.

A. Ludlow, T. Zelevinsky, G. Campbell, S. Blatt, M. Boyd, M. de Miranda, M. Martin, J. Thomsen, S. Foreman, J. Ye, T. Fortier, J. Stalnaker, S. Diddams, Y. Le Coq, Z. Barber, N. Poli, N. Lemke, K. Beck, and C. Oates, "Sr Lattice Clock at 1×10−16 Fractional Uncertainty by Remote Optical Evaluation with a Ca Clock," Science 319, 1805 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Boyd, M.

A. Ludlow, T. Zelevinsky, G. Campbell, S. Blatt, M. Boyd, M. de Miranda, M. Martin, J. Thomsen, S. Foreman, J. Ye, T. Fortier, J. Stalnaker, S. Diddams, Y. Le Coq, Z. Barber, N. Poli, N. Lemke, K. Beck, and C. Oates, "Sr Lattice Clock at 1×10−16 Fractional Uncertainty by Remote Optical Evaluation with a Ca Clock," Science 319, 1805 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brusch, A.

T. Rosenband, D. B. Hume, P. O. Schmidt, C. W. Chou, A. Brusch, L. Lorini, W. H. Oskay, R. E. Drullinger, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, W. C. Swann, N. R. Newbury, W. M. Itano, D. J. Wineland, and J. C. Bergquist, "Frequency ratio of Al+ and Hg+ single-ion optical clocks; metrology at the 17th decimal place," Science 319, 1808 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Camp, J.

K. Numata, A. Kemery, and J. Camp, "Thermal-noise limit in the frequency stabilization of lasers with rigid cavities," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 250602 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Campbell, G.

A. Ludlow, T. Zelevinsky, G. Campbell, S. Blatt, M. Boyd, M. de Miranda, M. Martin, J. Thomsen, S. Foreman, J. Ye, T. Fortier, J. Stalnaker, S. Diddams, Y. Le Coq, Z. Barber, N. Poli, N. Lemke, K. Beck, and C. Oates, "Sr Lattice Clock at 1×10−16 Fractional Uncertainty by Remote Optical Evaluation with a Ca Clock," Science 319, 1805 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chardonnet, C.

Chou, C. W.

T. Rosenband, D. B. Hume, P. O. Schmidt, C. W. Chou, A. Brusch, L. Lorini, W. H. Oskay, R. E. Drullinger, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, W. C. Swann, N. R. Newbury, W. M. Itano, D. J. Wineland, and J. C. Bergquist, "Frequency ratio of Al+ and Hg+ single-ion optical clocks; metrology at the 17th decimal place," Science 319, 1808 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Crane, S.

Daussy, C.

Dawkins, S.

S. Dawkins, J. McFerran, and A. Luiten, "Considerations on the measurement of the stability of oscillators with frequency counters," IEEE Tr. UFFC 54, 918-925 (2007).

de Miranda, M.

A. Ludlow, T. Zelevinsky, G. Campbell, S. Blatt, M. Boyd, M. de Miranda, M. Martin, J. Thomsen, S. Foreman, J. Ye, T. Fortier, J. Stalnaker, S. Diddams, Y. Le Coq, Z. Barber, N. Poli, N. Lemke, K. Beck, and C. Oates, "Sr Lattice Clock at 1×10−16 Fractional Uncertainty by Remote Optical Evaluation with a Ca Clock," Science 319, 1805 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

de Miranda, M. H. G.

S. M. Foreman, A. D. Ludlow, M. H. G. de Miranda, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, and J. Ye, "Coherent optical phase transfer over a 32-km fiber with 1 s instability at 10−17," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 153601 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Diddams, S.

A. Ludlow, T. Zelevinsky, G. Campbell, S. Blatt, M. Boyd, M. de Miranda, M. Martin, J. Thomsen, S. Foreman, J. Ye, T. Fortier, J. Stalnaker, S. Diddams, Y. Le Coq, Z. Barber, N. Poli, N. Lemke, K. Beck, and C. Oates, "Sr Lattice Clock at 1×10−16 Fractional Uncertainty by Remote Optical Evaluation with a Ca Clock," Science 319, 1805 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Diddams, S. A.

T. Rosenband, D. B. Hume, P. O. Schmidt, C. W. Chou, A. Brusch, L. Lorini, W. H. Oskay, R. E. Drullinger, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, W. C. Swann, N. R. Newbury, W. M. Itano, D. J. Wineland, and J. C. Bergquist, "Frequency ratio of Al+ and Hg+ single-ion optical clocks; metrology at the 17th decimal place," Science 319, 1808 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. M. Foreman, A. D. Ludlow, M. H. G. de Miranda, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, and J. Ye, "Coherent optical phase transfer over a 32-km fiber with 1 s instability at 10−17," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 153601 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Ye, J.-L. Peng, R. J. Jones, K. W. Holman, J. L. Hall, D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. Kitching, S. Bize, J. C. Bergquist, L. W. Hollberg, L. Robertsson, and L.-S. Ma, "Delivery of high-stability optical and microwave frequency standards over an optical fiber network," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20, 1459-1467 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Drullinger, R. E.

T. Rosenband, D. B. Hume, P. O. Schmidt, C. W. Chou, A. Brusch, L. Lorini, W. H. Oskay, R. E. Drullinger, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, W. C. Swann, N. R. Newbury, W. M. Itano, D. J. Wineland, and J. C. Bergquist, "Frequency ratio of Al+ and Hg+ single-ion optical clocks; metrology at the 17th decimal place," Science 319, 1808 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

English, E. M. L.

J. Millo, D. V. Magalhães, C. Mandache, Y. Le Coq, E. M. L. English, P. G. Westergaard, J. Lodewyck, S. Bize, P. Lemonde, and G. Santarelli, "Ultrastable lasers based on vibration insensitive cavities," Phys. Rev. A 79, 053829 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Foreman, S.

A. Ludlow, T. Zelevinsky, G. Campbell, S. Blatt, M. Boyd, M. de Miranda, M. Martin, J. Thomsen, S. Foreman, J. Ye, T. Fortier, J. Stalnaker, S. Diddams, Y. Le Coq, Z. Barber, N. Poli, N. Lemke, K. Beck, and C. Oates, "Sr Lattice Clock at 1×10−16 Fractional Uncertainty by Remote Optical Evaluation with a Ca Clock," Science 319, 1805 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Foreman, S. M.

S. M. Foreman, A. D. Ludlow, M. H. G. de Miranda, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, and J. Ye, "Coherent optical phase transfer over a 32-km fiber with 1 s instability at 10−17," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 153601 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. M. Foreman, K. W. Holman, D. D. Hudson, D. J. Jones, and J. Ye, "Remote transfer of ultrastable frequency references via fiber networks," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78, 021101 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fortier, T.

A. Ludlow, T. Zelevinsky, G. Campbell, S. Blatt, M. Boyd, M. de Miranda, M. Martin, J. Thomsen, S. Foreman, J. Ye, T. Fortier, J. Stalnaker, S. Diddams, Y. Le Coq, Z. Barber, N. Poli, N. Lemke, K. Beck, and C. Oates, "Sr Lattice Clock at 1×10−16 Fractional Uncertainty by Remote Optical Evaluation with a Ca Clock," Science 319, 1805 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fortier, T. M.

T. Rosenband, D. B. Hume, P. O. Schmidt, C. W. Chou, A. Brusch, L. Lorini, W. H. Oskay, R. E. Drullinger, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, W. C. Swann, N. R. Newbury, W. M. Itano, D. J. Wineland, and J. C. Bergquist, "Frequency ratio of Al+ and Hg+ single-ion optical clocks; metrology at the 17th decimal place," Science 319, 1808 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fujii, Y.

Gill, P.

S. A. Webster, M. Oxborrow, S. Pugla, J. Millo, and P. Gill, "Thermal-noise-limited optical cavity," Phys. Rev. A 77, 033847 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Webster, M. Oxborrow, and P. Gill, "Vibration insensitive optical cavity," Phys. Rev. A 75, 011801 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Goncharov, A.

Grosche, G.

B. Lipphardt, G. Grosche, U. Sterr, C. Tamm, S. Weyers, and H. Schnatz, "The stability of an optical clock laser transferred to the interrogation oscillator for a Cs fountain," IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 58, 1258-1262 (2009).
[CrossRef]

O. Terra, G. Grosche, K. Predehl, R. Holzwarth, T. Legero, U. Sterr, B. Lipphardt, and H. Schnatz, "Phase-coherent comparison of two optical frequency standards over 146 km using a telecommunication fiber link," Appl. Phys. B 97, 541-551 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Grosche, O. Terra, K. Predehl, R. Holzwarth, B. Lipphardt, F. Vogt, U. Sterr, and H. Schnatz, "Optical frequency transfer via 146 km fiber link with 10−19 relative accuracy," Opt. Lett. 34, 2270-2272 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Grosche, B. Lipphardt, and H. Schnatz, "Optical frequency synthesis and measurement using fibre-based femtosecond lasers," Eur. Phys. J. D 48, 27-33 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Guinet, M.

Hall, J. L.

Helmcke, J.

Hollberg, L. W.

Holleville, D.

Holman, K. W.

Holzwarth, R.

O. Terra, G. Grosche, K. Predehl, R. Holzwarth, T. Legero, U. Sterr, B. Lipphardt, and H. Schnatz, "Phase-coherent comparison of two optical frequency standards over 146 km using a telecommunication fiber link," Appl. Phys. B 97, 541-551 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Grosche, O. Terra, K. Predehl, R. Holzwarth, B. Lipphardt, F. Vogt, U. Sterr, and H. Schnatz, "Optical frequency transfer via 146 km fiber link with 10−19 relative accuracy," Opt. Lett. 34, 2270-2272 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hong, F.-L.

Hudson, D. D.

S. M. Foreman, K. W. Holman, D. D. Hudson, D. J. Jones, and J. Ye, "Remote transfer of ultrastable frequency references via fiber networks," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78, 021101 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hume, D. B.

T. Rosenband, D. B. Hume, P. O. Schmidt, C. W. Chou, A. Brusch, L. Lorini, W. H. Oskay, R. E. Drullinger, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, W. C. Swann, N. R. Newbury, W. M. Itano, D. J. Wineland, and J. C. Bergquist, "Frequency ratio of Al+ and Hg+ single-ion optical clocks; metrology at the 17th decimal place," Science 319, 1808 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ikegami, T.

Imae, M.

Inaba, H.

Itano, W. M.

T. Rosenband, D. B. Hume, P. O. Schmidt, C. W. Chou, A. Brusch, L. Lorini, W. H. Oskay, R. E. Drullinger, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, W. C. Swann, N. R. Newbury, W. M. Itano, D. J. Wineland, and J. C. Bergquist, "Frequency ratio of Al+ and Hg+ single-ion optical clocks; metrology at the 17th decimal place," Science 319, 1808 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jiang, H.

Jones, D. J.

Jones, R. J.

Jungner, P.

Katori, H.

Kéfélian, F.

Kemery, A.

K. Numata, A. Kemery, and J. Camp, "Thermal-noise limit in the frequency stabilization of lasers with rigid cavities," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 250602 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kitching, J.

Le Coq, Y.

J. Millo, D. V. Magalhães, C. Mandache, Y. Le Coq, E. M. L. English, P. G. Westergaard, J. Lodewyck, S. Bize, P. Lemonde, and G. Santarelli, "Ultrastable lasers based on vibration insensitive cavities," Phys. Rev. A 79, 053829 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Ludlow, T. Zelevinsky, G. Campbell, S. Blatt, M. Boyd, M. de Miranda, M. Martin, J. Thomsen, S. Foreman, J. Ye, T. Fortier, J. Stalnaker, S. Diddams, Y. Le Coq, Z. Barber, N. Poli, N. Lemke, K. Beck, and C. Oates, "Sr Lattice Clock at 1×10−16 Fractional Uncertainty by Remote Optical Evaluation with a Ca Clock," Science 319, 1805 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Legero, T.

O. Terra, G. Grosche, K. Predehl, R. Holzwarth, T. Legero, U. Sterr, B. Lipphardt, and H. Schnatz, "Phase-coherent comparison of two optical frequency standards over 146 km using a telecommunication fiber link," Appl. Phys. B 97, 541-551 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lemke, N.

A. Ludlow, T. Zelevinsky, G. Campbell, S. Blatt, M. Boyd, M. de Miranda, M. Martin, J. Thomsen, S. Foreman, J. Ye, T. Fortier, J. Stalnaker, S. Diddams, Y. Le Coq, Z. Barber, N. Poli, N. Lemke, K. Beck, and C. Oates, "Sr Lattice Clock at 1×10−16 Fractional Uncertainty by Remote Optical Evaluation with a Ca Clock," Science 319, 1805 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lemonde, P.

J. Millo, D. V. Magalhães, C. Mandache, Y. Le Coq, E. M. L. English, P. G. Westergaard, J. Lodewyck, S. Bize, P. Lemonde, and G. Santarelli, "Ultrastable lasers based on vibration insensitive cavities," Phys. Rev. A 79, 053829 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Jiang, F. Kéfélian, S. Crane, O. Lopez, M. Lours, J. Millo, D. Holleville, P. Lemonde, C. Chardonnet, A. Amy-Klein, and G. Santarelli, "Long-distance frequency transfer over an urban fiber link using optical phase stabilization," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, 2029-2035 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lipphardt, B.

O. Terra, G. Grosche, K. Predehl, R. Holzwarth, T. Legero, U. Sterr, B. Lipphardt, and H. Schnatz, "Phase-coherent comparison of two optical frequency standards over 146 km using a telecommunication fiber link," Appl. Phys. B 97, 541-551 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. Lipphardt, G. Grosche, U. Sterr, C. Tamm, S. Weyers, and H. Schnatz, "The stability of an optical clock laser transferred to the interrogation oscillator for a Cs fountain," IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 58, 1258-1262 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Grosche, O. Terra, K. Predehl, R. Holzwarth, B. Lipphardt, F. Vogt, U. Sterr, and H. Schnatz, "Optical frequency transfer via 146 km fiber link with 10−19 relative accuracy," Opt. Lett. 34, 2270-2272 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Grosche, B. Lipphardt, and H. Schnatz, "Optical frequency synthesis and measurement using fibre-based femtosecond lasers," Eur. Phys. J. D 48, 27-33 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lodewyck, J.

J. Millo, D. V. Magalhães, C. Mandache, Y. Le Coq, E. M. L. English, P. G. Westergaard, J. Lodewyck, S. Bize, P. Lemonde, and G. Santarelli, "Ultrastable lasers based on vibration insensitive cavities," Phys. Rev. A 79, 053829 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lopez, O.

Lorini, L.

T. Rosenband, D. B. Hume, P. O. Schmidt, C. W. Chou, A. Brusch, L. Lorini, W. H. Oskay, R. E. Drullinger, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, W. C. Swann, N. R. Newbury, W. M. Itano, D. J. Wineland, and J. C. Bergquist, "Frequency ratio of Al+ and Hg+ single-ion optical clocks; metrology at the 17th decimal place," Science 319, 1808 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lours, M.

Ludlow, A.

A. Ludlow, T. Zelevinsky, G. Campbell, S. Blatt, M. Boyd, M. de Miranda, M. Martin, J. Thomsen, S. Foreman, J. Ye, T. Fortier, J. Stalnaker, S. Diddams, Y. Le Coq, Z. Barber, N. Poli, N. Lemke, K. Beck, and C. Oates, "Sr Lattice Clock at 1×10−16 Fractional Uncertainty by Remote Optical Evaluation with a Ca Clock," Science 319, 1805 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ludlow, A. D.

S. M. Foreman, A. D. Ludlow, M. H. G. de Miranda, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, and J. Ye, "Coherent optical phase transfer over a 32-km fiber with 1 s instability at 10−17," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 153601 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Luiten, A.

S. Dawkins, J. McFerran, and A. Luiten, "Considerations on the measurement of the stability of oscillators with frequency counters," IEEE Tr. UFFC 54, 918-925 (2007).

Ma, L.-S.

Magalhães, D. V.

J. Millo, D. V. Magalhães, C. Mandache, Y. Le Coq, E. M. L. English, P. G. Westergaard, J. Lodewyck, S. Bize, P. Lemonde, and G. Santarelli, "Ultrastable lasers based on vibration insensitive cavities," Phys. Rev. A 79, 053829 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Mandache, C.

J. Millo, D. V. Magalhães, C. Mandache, Y. Le Coq, E. M. L. English, P. G. Westergaard, J. Lodewyck, S. Bize, P. Lemonde, and G. Santarelli, "Ultrastable lasers based on vibration insensitive cavities," Phys. Rev. A 79, 053829 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Martin, M.

A. Ludlow, T. Zelevinsky, G. Campbell, S. Blatt, M. Boyd, M. de Miranda, M. Martin, J. Thomsen, S. Foreman, J. Ye, T. Fortier, J. Stalnaker, S. Diddams, Y. Le Coq, Z. Barber, N. Poli, N. Lemke, K. Beck, and C. Oates, "Sr Lattice Clock at 1×10−16 Fractional Uncertainty by Remote Optical Evaluation with a Ca Clock," Science 319, 1805 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

McFerran, J.

S. Dawkins, J. McFerran, and A. Luiten, "Considerations on the measurement of the stability of oscillators with frequency counters," IEEE Tr. UFFC 54, 918-925 (2007).

Mensing, F.

Millo, J.

J. Millo, D. V. Magalhães, C. Mandache, Y. Le Coq, E. M. L. English, P. G. Westergaard, J. Lodewyck, S. Bize, P. Lemonde, and G. Santarelli, "Ultrastable lasers based on vibration insensitive cavities," Phys. Rev. A 79, 053829 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Webster, M. Oxborrow, S. Pugla, J. Millo, and P. Gill, "Thermal-noise-limited optical cavity," Phys. Rev. A 77, 033847 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Jiang, F. Kéfélian, S. Crane, O. Lopez, M. Lours, J. Millo, D. Holleville, P. Lemonde, C. Chardonnet, A. Amy-Klein, and G. Santarelli, "Long-distance frequency transfer over an urban fiber link using optical phase stabilization," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, 2029-2035 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Musha, M.

Nakagawa, K.

Nazarova, T.

T. Nazarova, F. Riehle, and U. Sterr, "Vibration-insensitive reference cavity for an ultra-narrow-linewidth laser," Appl. Phys. B 83, 531-536 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Newbury, N. R.

T. Rosenband, D. B. Hume, P. O. Schmidt, C. W. Chou, A. Brusch, L. Lorini, W. H. Oskay, R. E. Drullinger, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, W. C. Swann, N. R. Newbury, W. M. Itano, D. J. Wineland, and J. C. Bergquist, "Frequency ratio of Al+ and Hg+ single-ion optical clocks; metrology at the 17th decimal place," Science 319, 1808 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. A. Williams, W. C. Swann, and N. R. Newbury, "High-stability transfer of an optical frequency over long fiber-optic links," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, 1284-1293 (2008).
[CrossRef]

N. R. Newbury, P. A. Williams, and W. C. Swann, "Coherent transfer of an optical carrier over 251 km," Opt. Lett. 32, 3056-3058 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Numata, K.

K. Numata, A. Kemery, and J. Camp, "Thermal-noise limit in the frequency stabilization of lasers with rigid cavities," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 250602 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Oates, C.

A. Ludlow, T. Zelevinsky, G. Campbell, S. Blatt, M. Boyd, M. de Miranda, M. Martin, J. Thomsen, S. Foreman, J. Ye, T. Fortier, J. Stalnaker, S. Diddams, Y. Le Coq, Z. Barber, N. Poli, N. Lemke, K. Beck, and C. Oates, "Sr Lattice Clock at 1×10−16 Fractional Uncertainty by Remote Optical Evaluation with a Ca Clock," Science 319, 1805 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Oskay, W. H.

T. Rosenband, D. B. Hume, P. O. Schmidt, C. W. Chou, A. Brusch, L. Lorini, W. H. Oskay, R. E. Drullinger, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, W. C. Swann, N. R. Newbury, W. M. Itano, D. J. Wineland, and J. C. Bergquist, "Frequency ratio of Al+ and Hg+ single-ion optical clocks; metrology at the 17th decimal place," Science 319, 1808 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Oxborrow, M.

S. A. Webster, M. Oxborrow, S. Pugla, J. Millo, and P. Gill, "Thermal-noise-limited optical cavity," Phys. Rev. A 77, 033847 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Webster, M. Oxborrow, and P. Gill, "Vibration insensitive optical cavity," Phys. Rev. A 75, 011801 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Peng, J.-L.

Poli, N.

A. Ludlow, T. Zelevinsky, G. Campbell, S. Blatt, M. Boyd, M. de Miranda, M. Martin, J. Thomsen, S. Foreman, J. Ye, T. Fortier, J. Stalnaker, S. Diddams, Y. Le Coq, Z. Barber, N. Poli, N. Lemke, K. Beck, and C. Oates, "Sr Lattice Clock at 1×10−16 Fractional Uncertainty by Remote Optical Evaluation with a Ca Clock," Science 319, 1805 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Predehl, K.

G. Grosche, O. Terra, K. Predehl, R. Holzwarth, B. Lipphardt, F. Vogt, U. Sterr, and H. Schnatz, "Optical frequency transfer via 146 km fiber link with 10−19 relative accuracy," Opt. Lett. 34, 2270-2272 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. Terra, G. Grosche, K. Predehl, R. Holzwarth, T. Legero, U. Sterr, B. Lipphardt, and H. Schnatz, "Phase-coherent comparison of two optical frequency standards over 146 km using a telecommunication fiber link," Appl. Phys. B 97, 541-551 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Pugla, S.

S. A. Webster, M. Oxborrow, S. Pugla, J. Millo, and P. Gill, "Thermal-noise-limited optical cavity," Phys. Rev. A 77, 033847 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Riehle, F.

T. Nazarova, F. Riehle, and U. Sterr, "Vibration-insensitive reference cavity for an ultra-narrow-linewidth laser," Appl. Phys. B 83, 531-536 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Robertsson, L.

Rosenband, T.

T. Rosenband, D. B. Hume, P. O. Schmidt, C. W. Chou, A. Brusch, L. Lorini, W. H. Oskay, R. E. Drullinger, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, W. C. Swann, N. R. Newbury, W. M. Itano, D. J. Wineland, and J. C. Bergquist, "Frequency ratio of Al+ and Hg+ single-ion optical clocks; metrology at the 17th decimal place," Science 319, 1808 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Santarelli, G.

Schmidt, P. O.

T. Rosenband, D. B. Hume, P. O. Schmidt, C. W. Chou, A. Brusch, L. Lorini, W. H. Oskay, R. E. Drullinger, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, W. C. Swann, N. R. Newbury, W. M. Itano, D. J. Wineland, and J. C. Bergquist, "Frequency ratio of Al+ and Hg+ single-ion optical clocks; metrology at the 17th decimal place," Science 319, 1808 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schnatz, H.

O. Terra, G. Grosche, K. Predehl, R. Holzwarth, T. Legero, U. Sterr, B. Lipphardt, and H. Schnatz, "Phase-coherent comparison of two optical frequency standards over 146 km using a telecommunication fiber link," Appl. Phys. B 97, 541-551 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. Lipphardt, G. Grosche, U. Sterr, C. Tamm, S. Weyers, and H. Schnatz, "The stability of an optical clock laser transferred to the interrogation oscillator for a Cs fountain," IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 58, 1258-1262 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Grosche, O. Terra, K. Predehl, R. Holzwarth, B. Lipphardt, F. Vogt, U. Sterr, and H. Schnatz, "Optical frequency transfer via 146 km fiber link with 10−19 relative accuracy," Opt. Lett. 34, 2270-2272 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Grosche, B. Lipphardt, and H. Schnatz, "Optical frequency synthesis and measurement using fibre-based femtosecond lasers," Eur. Phys. J. D 48, 27-33 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Shelkovnikov, A.

Stalnaker, J.

A. Ludlow, T. Zelevinsky, G. Campbell, S. Blatt, M. Boyd, M. de Miranda, M. Martin, J. Thomsen, S. Foreman, J. Ye, T. Fortier, J. Stalnaker, S. Diddams, Y. Le Coq, Z. Barber, N. Poli, N. Lemke, K. Beck, and C. Oates, "Sr Lattice Clock at 1×10−16 Fractional Uncertainty by Remote Optical Evaluation with a Ca Clock," Science 319, 1805 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stalnaker, J. E.

T. Rosenband, D. B. Hume, P. O. Schmidt, C. W. Chou, A. Brusch, L. Lorini, W. H. Oskay, R. E. Drullinger, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, W. C. Swann, N. R. Newbury, W. M. Itano, D. J. Wineland, and J. C. Bergquist, "Frequency ratio of Al+ and Hg+ single-ion optical clocks; metrology at the 17th decimal place," Science 319, 1808 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. M. Foreman, A. D. Ludlow, M. H. G. de Miranda, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, and J. Ye, "Coherent optical phase transfer over a 32-km fiber with 1 s instability at 10−17," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 153601 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sterr, U.

G. Grosche, O. Terra, K. Predehl, R. Holzwarth, B. Lipphardt, F. Vogt, U. Sterr, and H. Schnatz, "Optical frequency transfer via 146 km fiber link with 10−19 relative accuracy," Opt. Lett. 34, 2270-2272 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Lipphardt, G. Grosche, U. Sterr, C. Tamm, S. Weyers, and H. Schnatz, "The stability of an optical clock laser transferred to the interrogation oscillator for a Cs fountain," IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 58, 1258-1262 (2009).
[CrossRef]

O. Terra, G. Grosche, K. Predehl, R. Holzwarth, T. Legero, U. Sterr, B. Lipphardt, and H. Schnatz, "Phase-coherent comparison of two optical frequency standards over 146 km using a telecommunication fiber link," Appl. Phys. B 97, 541-551 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Stoehr, F. Mensing, J. Helmcke, and U. Sterr, "Diode laser with 1 Hz linewidth," Opt. Lett. 31, 736-738 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Nazarova, F. Riehle, and U. Sterr, "Vibration-insensitive reference cavity for an ultra-narrow-linewidth laser," Appl. Phys. B 83, 531-536 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Stoehr, H.

Swann, W. C.

T. Rosenband, D. B. Hume, P. O. Schmidt, C. W. Chou, A. Brusch, L. Lorini, W. H. Oskay, R. E. Drullinger, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, W. C. Swann, N. R. Newbury, W. M. Itano, D. J. Wineland, and J. C. Bergquist, "Frequency ratio of Al+ and Hg+ single-ion optical clocks; metrology at the 17th decimal place," Science 319, 1808 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. A. Williams, W. C. Swann, and N. R. Newbury, "High-stability transfer of an optical frequency over long fiber-optic links," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, 1284-1293 (2008).
[CrossRef]

N. R. Newbury, P. A. Williams, and W. C. Swann, "Coherent transfer of an optical carrier over 251 km," Opt. Lett. 32, 3056-3058 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Takamizawa, A.

Takamoto, M.

Tamm, C.

B. Lipphardt, G. Grosche, U. Sterr, C. Tamm, S. Weyers, and H. Schnatz, "The stability of an optical clock laser transferred to the interrogation oscillator for a Cs fountain," IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 58, 1258-1262 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Terra, O.

O. Terra, G. Grosche, K. Predehl, R. Holzwarth, T. Legero, U. Sterr, B. Lipphardt, and H. Schnatz, "Phase-coherent comparison of two optical frequency standards over 146 km using a telecommunication fiber link," Appl. Phys. B 97, 541-551 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Grosche, O. Terra, K. Predehl, R. Holzwarth, B. Lipphardt, F. Vogt, U. Sterr, and H. Schnatz, "Optical frequency transfer via 146 km fiber link with 10−19 relative accuracy," Opt. Lett. 34, 2270-2272 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Thomsen, J.

A. Ludlow, T. Zelevinsky, G. Campbell, S. Blatt, M. Boyd, M. de Miranda, M. Martin, J. Thomsen, S. Foreman, J. Ye, T. Fortier, J. Stalnaker, S. Diddams, Y. Le Coq, Z. Barber, N. Poli, N. Lemke, K. Beck, and C. Oates, "Sr Lattice Clock at 1×10−16 Fractional Uncertainty by Remote Optical Evaluation with a Ca Clock," Science 319, 1805 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ueda, K.

Vogt, F.

Watabe, K.

Webster, S. A.

S. A. Webster, M. Oxborrow, S. Pugla, J. Millo, and P. Gill, "Thermal-noise-limited optical cavity," Phys. Rev. A 77, 033847 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Webster, M. Oxborrow, and P. Gill, "Vibration insensitive optical cavity," Phys. Rev. A 75, 011801 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Westergaard, P. G.

J. Millo, D. V. Magalhães, C. Mandache, Y. Le Coq, E. M. L. English, P. G. Westergaard, J. Lodewyck, S. Bize, P. Lemonde, and G. Santarelli, "Ultrastable lasers based on vibration insensitive cavities," Phys. Rev. A 79, 053829 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Weyers, S.

B. Lipphardt, G. Grosche, U. Sterr, C. Tamm, S. Weyers, and H. Schnatz, "The stability of an optical clock laser transferred to the interrogation oscillator for a Cs fountain," IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 58, 1258-1262 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Williams, P. A.

Wineland, D. J.

T. Rosenband, D. B. Hume, P. O. Schmidt, C. W. Chou, A. Brusch, L. Lorini, W. H. Oskay, R. E. Drullinger, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, W. C. Swann, N. R. Newbury, W. M. Itano, D. J. Wineland, and J. C. Bergquist, "Frequency ratio of Al+ and Hg+ single-ion optical clocks; metrology at the 17th decimal place," Science 319, 1808 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yanagimachi, S.

Ye, J.

A. Ludlow, T. Zelevinsky, G. Campbell, S. Blatt, M. Boyd, M. de Miranda, M. Martin, J. Thomsen, S. Foreman, J. Ye, T. Fortier, J. Stalnaker, S. Diddams, Y. Le Coq, Z. Barber, N. Poli, N. Lemke, K. Beck, and C. Oates, "Sr Lattice Clock at 1×10−16 Fractional Uncertainty by Remote Optical Evaluation with a Ca Clock," Science 319, 1805 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. M. Foreman, A. D. Ludlow, M. H. G. de Miranda, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, and J. Ye, "Coherent optical phase transfer over a 32-km fiber with 1 s instability at 10−17," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 153601 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. M. Foreman, K. W. Holman, D. D. Hudson, D. J. Jones, and J. Ye, "Remote transfer of ultrastable frequency references via fiber networks," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78, 021101 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Ye, J.-L. Peng, R. J. Jones, K. W. Holman, J. L. Hall, D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. Kitching, S. Bize, J. C. Bergquist, L. W. Hollberg, L. Robertsson, and L.-S. Ma, "Delivery of high-stability optical and microwave frequency standards over an optical fiber network," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20, 1459-1467 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L.-S. Ma, P. Jungner, J. Ye, and J. L. Hall, "Delivering the same optical frequency at two places: accurate cancellation of phase noise introduced by an optical fiber or other time-varying path," Opt. Lett. 19, 1777-1779 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zelevinsky, T.

A. Ludlow, T. Zelevinsky, G. Campbell, S. Blatt, M. Boyd, M. de Miranda, M. Martin, J. Thomsen, S. Foreman, J. Ye, T. Fortier, J. Stalnaker, S. Diddams, Y. Le Coq, Z. Barber, N. Poli, N. Lemke, K. Beck, and C. Oates, "Sr Lattice Clock at 1×10−16 Fractional Uncertainty by Remote Optical Evaluation with a Ca Clock," Science 319, 1805 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. B (2)

T. Nazarova, F. Riehle, and U. Sterr, "Vibration-insensitive reference cavity for an ultra-narrow-linewidth laser," Appl. Phys. B 83, 531-536 (2006).
[CrossRef]

O. Terra, G. Grosche, K. Predehl, R. Holzwarth, T. Legero, U. Sterr, B. Lipphardt, and H. Schnatz, "Phase-coherent comparison of two optical frequency standards over 146 km using a telecommunication fiber link," Appl. Phys. B 97, 541-551 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Eur. Phys. J. D (1)

G. Grosche, B. Lipphardt, and H. Schnatz, "Optical frequency synthesis and measurement using fibre-based femtosecond lasers," Eur. Phys. J. D 48, 27-33 (2008).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Tr. UFFC (1)

S. Dawkins, J. McFerran, and A. Luiten, "Considerations on the measurement of the stability of oscillators with frequency counters," IEEE Tr. UFFC 54, 918-925 (2007).

IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. (1)

B. Lipphardt, G. Grosche, U. Sterr, C. Tamm, S. Weyers, and H. Schnatz, "The stability of an optical clock laser transferred to the interrogation oscillator for a Cs fountain," IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 58, 1258-1262 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (3)

Opt. Lett. (7)

F.-L. Hong, M. Musha, M. Takamoto, H. Inaba, S. Yanagimachi, A. Takamizawa, K. Watabe, T. Ikegami, M. Imae, Y. Fujii, M. Amemiya, K. Nakagawa, K. Ueda, and H. Katori, "Measuring the frequency of a Sr optical lattice clock using a 120 km coherent optical transfer," Opt. Lett. 34, 692-694 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Kéfélian, O. Lopez, H. Jiang, C. Chardonnet, A. Amy-Klein, and G. Santarelli, "High-resolution optical frequency dissemination on a telecommunications network with data traffic," Opt. Lett. 34, 1573-1575 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Grosche, O. Terra, K. Predehl, R. Holzwarth, B. Lipphardt, F. Vogt, U. Sterr, and H. Schnatz, "Optical frequency transfer via 146 km fiber link with 10−19 relative accuracy," Opt. Lett. 34, 2270-2272 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L.-S. Ma, P. Jungner, J. Ye, and J. L. Hall, "Delivering the same optical frequency at two places: accurate cancellation of phase noise introduced by an optical fiber or other time-varying path," Opt. Lett. 19, 1777-1779 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Amy-Klein, A. Goncharov, M. Guinet, C. Daussy, O. Lopez, A. Shelkovnikov, and C. Chardonnet, "Absolute frequency measurement of a SF6 two-photon line by use of a femtosecond optical comb and sum-frequency generation," Opt. Lett. 30, 3320-3322 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. Stoehr, F. Mensing, J. Helmcke, and U. Sterr, "Diode laser with 1 Hz linewidth," Opt. Lett. 31, 736-738 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. R. Newbury, P. A. Williams, and W. C. Swann, "Coherent transfer of an optical carrier over 251 km," Opt. Lett. 32, 3056-3058 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. A (3)

S. A. Webster, M. Oxborrow, and P. Gill, "Vibration insensitive optical cavity," Phys. Rev. A 75, 011801 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Webster, M. Oxborrow, S. Pugla, J. Millo, and P. Gill, "Thermal-noise-limited optical cavity," Phys. Rev. A 77, 033847 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Millo, D. V. Magalhães, C. Mandache, Y. Le Coq, E. M. L. English, P. G. Westergaard, J. Lodewyck, S. Bize, P. Lemonde, and G. Santarelli, "Ultrastable lasers based on vibration insensitive cavities," Phys. Rev. A 79, 053829 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

S. M. Foreman, A. D. Ludlow, M. H. G. de Miranda, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, and J. Ye, "Coherent optical phase transfer over a 32-km fiber with 1 s instability at 10−17," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 153601 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Numata, A. Kemery, and J. Camp, "Thermal-noise limit in the frequency stabilization of lasers with rigid cavities," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 250602 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

S. M. Foreman, K. W. Holman, D. D. Hudson, D. J. Jones, and J. Ye, "Remote transfer of ultrastable frequency references via fiber networks," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78, 021101 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science (2)

T. Rosenband, D. B. Hume, P. O. Schmidt, C. W. Chou, A. Brusch, L. Lorini, W. H. Oskay, R. E. Drullinger, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, W. C. Swann, N. R. Newbury, W. M. Itano, D. J. Wineland, and J. C. Bergquist, "Frequency ratio of Al+ and Hg+ single-ion optical clocks; metrology at the 17th decimal place," Science 319, 1808 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Ludlow, T. Zelevinsky, G. Campbell, S. Blatt, M. Boyd, M. de Miranda, M. Martin, J. Thomsen, S. Foreman, J. Ye, T. Fortier, J. Stalnaker, S. Diddams, Y. Le Coq, Z. Barber, N. Poli, N. Lemke, K. Beck, and C. Oates, "Sr Lattice Clock at 1×10−16 Fractional Uncertainty by Remote Optical Evaluation with a Ca Clock," Science 319, 1805 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

G. Grosche, B. Lipphardt, H. Schnatz, G. Santarelli, P. Lemonde, S. Bize, M. Lours, F. Narbonneau, A. Clairon, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, and C. Chardonnet, "Transmission of an optical carrier frequency over a telecommunication fiber link," in "Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies," (Optical Society of America, 2007), p. CMKK1.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic setup. EDFA: bi-directional erbium doped fiber amplifier, AOM: acousto-optic modulator, OC: optical circulator, FM: Faraday mirror, PD: photodiode, ϕ-Det: phase detector, VCO: voltage-controlled oscillator.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Fractional Allan deviation of the beat frequency between ultrastable laser systems in more than 50 km distant laboratories. L1-L2 local measurement, L1-TL and L2-TL via a 73 km stabilized fiber link; TL: transfer laser at 1542 nm. With (filled symbols) and without (open symbols) removal of linear drifts. Also shown, estimated instability of 73 km link from independent round-trip link measurements.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

High resolution remote optical frequency comparison L2-TL using the modified Allan deviation (ModADEV) and estimated instability of 73 km link from independent round-trip link measurements. Also shown, stability of ML-YL local comparison at PTB via 300 m of stabilized fiber [20].

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Power spectrum of the remote transfer beat note between 73 km distant L2 and TL at 48.5 THz.

Equations (1)

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ν 2 m 2 m 1 ν 1 = ( 2 m 2 m 1 ) ν CEO m 2 m 1 ν B 1 + ν B 2 ,

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