Abstract

This paper presents numerical studies of vectorial polariton solitons in semiconductor microcavities. In the simulation, polarization degree of freedom of the polariton fields is taken into consideration. In the bistable regime, bright and/or dark solitons are found to bifurcate from the homogonous solutions of the two circular polarization modes. The combinations of solitons in the two polarization directions can be bright-dark, dark-bright, bright-bright, and dark-dark.

© 2010 OSA

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  1. C. Weisbuch, M. Nishioka, A. Ishikawa, and Y. Arakawa, “Observation of the coupled exciton-photon mode splitting in a semiconductor quantum microcavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 69(23), 3314–3317 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. A. Amo, D. Sanvitto, F. P. Laussy, D. Ballarini, E. del Valle, M. D. Martin, A. Lemaître, J. Bloch, D. N. Krizhanovskii, M. S. Skolnick, C. Tejedor, and L. Viña, “Collective fluid dynamics of a polariton condensate in a semiconductor microcavity,” Nature 457(7227), 291–295 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. A. Baas, J. Ph. Karr, H. Eleuch, and E. Giacobino, “Optical bistability in semiconductor microcavities,” Phys. Rev. A 69(2), 023809 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  4. D. Bajoni, E. Semenova, A. Lemaître, S. Bouchoule, E. Wertz, P. Senellart, S. Barbay, R. Kuszelewicz, and J. Bloch, “Optical bistability in a GaAs-based polariton diode,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(26), 266402 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. C. Ciuti and I. Carusotto, “Quantum fluid effects and parametric instabilities in microcavities,” Phys. Status Solidi 242(11), 2224–2245 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  6. D. Sarchi, M. Wouter, and V. Savona, “Polariton parametric photoluminescence in spatially inhomogeneous systems,” Phys. Rev. B 79(16), 165315 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  7. K. G. Lagoudakis, M. Wouters, M. Richard, A. Baas, I. Carusotto, R. André, L. S. Dang, and B. Deveaud-Plédran, “Quantized vortices in an exciton-polariton condensate,” Nat. Phys. 4(9), 706–710 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  8. R. Balili, V. Hartwell, D. Snoke, L. Pfeiffer, and K. West, “Bose-Einstein condensation of microcavity polaritons in a trap,” Science 316(5827), 1007–1010 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. Y. Larionova, W. Stolz, and C. O. Weiss, “Optical bistability and spatial resonator solitons based on exciton-polariton nonlinearity,” Opt. Lett. 33(4), 321–323 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. A. V. Yulin, O. A. Egorov, F. Lederer, and D. V. Skryabin, “Dark polariton solitons in semiconductor microcavities,” Phys. Rev. A 78(6), 061801 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. G. Tissoni, L. Spinelli, L. Lugiato, M. Brambilla, I. Perrini, and T. Maggipinto, “Spatio-temporal dynamics in semiconductor microresonators with thermal effects,” Opt. Express 10(19), 1009–1017 (2002), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-10-19-1009 .
    [PubMed]
  13. Y. Tanguy, T. Ackemann, W. J. Firth, and R. Jäger, “Realization of a semiconductor-based cavity soliton laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(1), 013907 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. X. Hachair, G. Tissoni, H. Thienpont, and K. Panajotov, “Linearly polarized bistable localized structure in medium-size vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Phys. Rev. B 79, 011801 (2009).
  15. O. A. Egorov, D. V. Skryabin, A. V. Yulin, and F. Lederer, “Bright cavity polariton solitons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(15), 153904 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. I. A. Shelykh, Y. G. Rubo, G. Malpuech, D. D. Solnyshkov, and A. Kavokin, “Polarization and propagation of polariton condensates,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(6), 066402 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. C. Leyder, T. C. H. Liew, A. V. Kavokin, I. A. Shelykh, M. Romanelli, J. Ph. Karr, E. Giacobino, and A. Bramati, “Interference of coherent polariton beams in microcavities: polarization-controlled optical gates,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(19), 196402 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  18. N. A. Gippius, I. A. Shelykh, D. D. Solnyshkov, S. S. Gavrilov, Y. G. Rubo, A. V. Kavokin, S. G. Tikhodeev, and G. Malpuech, “Polarization multistability of cavity polaritons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(23), 236401 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. D. V. Skryabin, O. A. Egorov, A. V. Gorbach, and F. Lederer, “One-dimensional polariton solitons and soliton waveguiding in microcavities,” Superlattices Microstruct. 47(1), 5–9 (2010).
    [CrossRef]

2010

D. V. Skryabin, O. A. Egorov, A. V. Gorbach, and F. Lederer, “One-dimensional polariton solitons and soliton waveguiding in microcavities,” Superlattices Microstruct. 47(1), 5–9 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

A. Amo, D. Sanvitto, F. P. Laussy, D. Ballarini, E. del Valle, M. D. Martin, A. Lemaître, J. Bloch, D. N. Krizhanovskii, M. S. Skolnick, C. Tejedor, and L. Viña, “Collective fluid dynamics of a polariton condensate in a semiconductor microcavity,” Nature 457(7227), 291–295 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Sarchi, M. Wouter, and V. Savona, “Polariton parametric photoluminescence in spatially inhomogeneous systems,” Phys. Rev. B 79(16), 165315 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. R. Davoyan, I. V. Shadrivov, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Self-focusing and spatial plasmon-polariton solitons,” Opt. Express 17(24), 21732–21737 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-24-21732 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Hachair, G. Tissoni, H. Thienpont, and K. Panajotov, “Linearly polarized bistable localized structure in medium-size vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Phys. Rev. B 79, 011801 (2009).

O. A. Egorov, D. V. Skryabin, A. V. Yulin, and F. Lederer, “Bright cavity polariton solitons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(15), 153904 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008

Y. Tanguy, T. Ackemann, W. J. Firth, and R. Jäger, “Realization of a semiconductor-based cavity soliton laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(1), 013907 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. G. Lagoudakis, M. Wouters, M. Richard, A. Baas, I. Carusotto, R. André, L. S. Dang, and B. Deveaud-Plédran, “Quantized vortices in an exciton-polariton condensate,” Nat. Phys. 4(9), 706–710 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Larionova, W. Stolz, and C. O. Weiss, “Optical bistability and spatial resonator solitons based on exciton-polariton nonlinearity,” Opt. Lett. 33(4), 321–323 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. V. Yulin, O. A. Egorov, F. Lederer, and D. V. Skryabin, “Dark polariton solitons in semiconductor microcavities,” Phys. Rev. A 78(6), 061801 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. Bajoni, E. Semenova, A. Lemaître, S. Bouchoule, E. Wertz, P. Senellart, S. Barbay, R. Kuszelewicz, and J. Bloch, “Optical bistability in a GaAs-based polariton diode,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(26), 266402 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007

R. Balili, V. Hartwell, D. Snoke, L. Pfeiffer, and K. West, “Bose-Einstein condensation of microcavity polaritons in a trap,” Science 316(5827), 1007–1010 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Leyder, T. C. H. Liew, A. V. Kavokin, I. A. Shelykh, M. Romanelli, J. Ph. Karr, E. Giacobino, and A. Bramati, “Interference of coherent polariton beams in microcavities: polarization-controlled optical gates,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(19), 196402 (2007).
[CrossRef]

N. A. Gippius, I. A. Shelykh, D. D. Solnyshkov, S. S. Gavrilov, Y. G. Rubo, A. V. Kavokin, S. G. Tikhodeev, and G. Malpuech, “Polarization multistability of cavity polaritons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(23), 236401 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006

I. A. Shelykh, Y. G. Rubo, G. Malpuech, D. D. Solnyshkov, and A. Kavokin, “Polarization and propagation of polariton condensates,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(6), 066402 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005

C. Ciuti and I. Carusotto, “Quantum fluid effects and parametric instabilities in microcavities,” Phys. Status Solidi 242(11), 2224–2245 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

A. Baas, J. Ph. Karr, H. Eleuch, and E. Giacobino, “Optical bistability in semiconductor microcavities,” Phys. Rev. A 69(2), 023809 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002

1992

C. Weisbuch, M. Nishioka, A. Ishikawa, and Y. Arakawa, “Observation of the coupled exciton-photon mode splitting in a semiconductor quantum microcavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 69(23), 3314–3317 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ackemann, T.

Y. Tanguy, T. Ackemann, W. J. Firth, and R. Jäger, “Realization of a semiconductor-based cavity soliton laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(1), 013907 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Amo, A.

A. Amo, D. Sanvitto, F. P. Laussy, D. Ballarini, E. del Valle, M. D. Martin, A. Lemaître, J. Bloch, D. N. Krizhanovskii, M. S. Skolnick, C. Tejedor, and L. Viña, “Collective fluid dynamics of a polariton condensate in a semiconductor microcavity,” Nature 457(7227), 291–295 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

André, R.

K. G. Lagoudakis, M. Wouters, M. Richard, A. Baas, I. Carusotto, R. André, L. S. Dang, and B. Deveaud-Plédran, “Quantized vortices in an exciton-polariton condensate,” Nat. Phys. 4(9), 706–710 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Arakawa, Y.

C. Weisbuch, M. Nishioka, A. Ishikawa, and Y. Arakawa, “Observation of the coupled exciton-photon mode splitting in a semiconductor quantum microcavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 69(23), 3314–3317 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baas, A.

K. G. Lagoudakis, M. Wouters, M. Richard, A. Baas, I. Carusotto, R. André, L. S. Dang, and B. Deveaud-Plédran, “Quantized vortices in an exciton-polariton condensate,” Nat. Phys. 4(9), 706–710 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Baas, J. Ph. Karr, H. Eleuch, and E. Giacobino, “Optical bistability in semiconductor microcavities,” Phys. Rev. A 69(2), 023809 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bajoni, D.

D. Bajoni, E. Semenova, A. Lemaître, S. Bouchoule, E. Wertz, P. Senellart, S. Barbay, R. Kuszelewicz, and J. Bloch, “Optical bistability in a GaAs-based polariton diode,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(26), 266402 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Balili, R.

R. Balili, V. Hartwell, D. Snoke, L. Pfeiffer, and K. West, “Bose-Einstein condensation of microcavity polaritons in a trap,” Science 316(5827), 1007–1010 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ballarini, D.

A. Amo, D. Sanvitto, F. P. Laussy, D. Ballarini, E. del Valle, M. D. Martin, A. Lemaître, J. Bloch, D. N. Krizhanovskii, M. S. Skolnick, C. Tejedor, and L. Viña, “Collective fluid dynamics of a polariton condensate in a semiconductor microcavity,” Nature 457(7227), 291–295 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Barbay, S.

D. Bajoni, E. Semenova, A. Lemaître, S. Bouchoule, E. Wertz, P. Senellart, S. Barbay, R. Kuszelewicz, and J. Bloch, “Optical bistability in a GaAs-based polariton diode,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(26), 266402 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bloch, J.

A. Amo, D. Sanvitto, F. P. Laussy, D. Ballarini, E. del Valle, M. D. Martin, A. Lemaître, J. Bloch, D. N. Krizhanovskii, M. S. Skolnick, C. Tejedor, and L. Viña, “Collective fluid dynamics of a polariton condensate in a semiconductor microcavity,” Nature 457(7227), 291–295 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Bajoni, E. Semenova, A. Lemaître, S. Bouchoule, E. Wertz, P. Senellart, S. Barbay, R. Kuszelewicz, and J. Bloch, “Optical bistability in a GaAs-based polariton diode,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(26), 266402 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bouchoule, S.

D. Bajoni, E. Semenova, A. Lemaître, S. Bouchoule, E. Wertz, P. Senellart, S. Barbay, R. Kuszelewicz, and J. Bloch, “Optical bistability in a GaAs-based polariton diode,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(26), 266402 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bramati, A.

C. Leyder, T. C. H. Liew, A. V. Kavokin, I. A. Shelykh, M. Romanelli, J. Ph. Karr, E. Giacobino, and A. Bramati, “Interference of coherent polariton beams in microcavities: polarization-controlled optical gates,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(19), 196402 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Brambilla, M.

Carusotto, I.

K. G. Lagoudakis, M. Wouters, M. Richard, A. Baas, I. Carusotto, R. André, L. S. Dang, and B. Deveaud-Plédran, “Quantized vortices in an exciton-polariton condensate,” Nat. Phys. 4(9), 706–710 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Ciuti and I. Carusotto, “Quantum fluid effects and parametric instabilities in microcavities,” Phys. Status Solidi 242(11), 2224–2245 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ciuti, C.

C. Ciuti and I. Carusotto, “Quantum fluid effects and parametric instabilities in microcavities,” Phys. Status Solidi 242(11), 2224–2245 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Dang, L. S.

K. G. Lagoudakis, M. Wouters, M. Richard, A. Baas, I. Carusotto, R. André, L. S. Dang, and B. Deveaud-Plédran, “Quantized vortices in an exciton-polariton condensate,” Nat. Phys. 4(9), 706–710 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Davoyan, A. R.

del Valle, E.

A. Amo, D. Sanvitto, F. P. Laussy, D. Ballarini, E. del Valle, M. D. Martin, A. Lemaître, J. Bloch, D. N. Krizhanovskii, M. S. Skolnick, C. Tejedor, and L. Viña, “Collective fluid dynamics of a polariton condensate in a semiconductor microcavity,” Nature 457(7227), 291–295 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Deveaud-Plédran, B.

K. G. Lagoudakis, M. Wouters, M. Richard, A. Baas, I. Carusotto, R. André, L. S. Dang, and B. Deveaud-Plédran, “Quantized vortices in an exciton-polariton condensate,” Nat. Phys. 4(9), 706–710 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Egorov, O. A.

D. V. Skryabin, O. A. Egorov, A. V. Gorbach, and F. Lederer, “One-dimensional polariton solitons and soliton waveguiding in microcavities,” Superlattices Microstruct. 47(1), 5–9 (2010).
[CrossRef]

O. A. Egorov, D. V. Skryabin, A. V. Yulin, and F. Lederer, “Bright cavity polariton solitons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(15), 153904 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. V. Yulin, O. A. Egorov, F. Lederer, and D. V. Skryabin, “Dark polariton solitons in semiconductor microcavities,” Phys. Rev. A 78(6), 061801 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Eleuch, H.

A. Baas, J. Ph. Karr, H. Eleuch, and E. Giacobino, “Optical bistability in semiconductor microcavities,” Phys. Rev. A 69(2), 023809 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Firth, W. J.

Y. Tanguy, T. Ackemann, W. J. Firth, and R. Jäger, “Realization of a semiconductor-based cavity soliton laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(1), 013907 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gavrilov, S. S.

N. A. Gippius, I. A. Shelykh, D. D. Solnyshkov, S. S. Gavrilov, Y. G. Rubo, A. V. Kavokin, S. G. Tikhodeev, and G. Malpuech, “Polarization multistability of cavity polaritons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(23), 236401 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Giacobino, E.

C. Leyder, T. C. H. Liew, A. V. Kavokin, I. A. Shelykh, M. Romanelli, J. Ph. Karr, E. Giacobino, and A. Bramati, “Interference of coherent polariton beams in microcavities: polarization-controlled optical gates,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(19), 196402 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Baas, J. Ph. Karr, H. Eleuch, and E. Giacobino, “Optical bistability in semiconductor microcavities,” Phys. Rev. A 69(2), 023809 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gippius, N. A.

N. A. Gippius, I. A. Shelykh, D. D. Solnyshkov, S. S. Gavrilov, Y. G. Rubo, A. V. Kavokin, S. G. Tikhodeev, and G. Malpuech, “Polarization multistability of cavity polaritons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(23), 236401 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gorbach, A. V.

D. V. Skryabin, O. A. Egorov, A. V. Gorbach, and F. Lederer, “One-dimensional polariton solitons and soliton waveguiding in microcavities,” Superlattices Microstruct. 47(1), 5–9 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hachair, X.

X. Hachair, G. Tissoni, H. Thienpont, and K. Panajotov, “Linearly polarized bistable localized structure in medium-size vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Phys. Rev. B 79, 011801 (2009).

Hartwell, V.

R. Balili, V. Hartwell, D. Snoke, L. Pfeiffer, and K. West, “Bose-Einstein condensation of microcavity polaritons in a trap,” Science 316(5827), 1007–1010 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ishikawa, A.

C. Weisbuch, M. Nishioka, A. Ishikawa, and Y. Arakawa, “Observation of the coupled exciton-photon mode splitting in a semiconductor quantum microcavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 69(23), 3314–3317 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jäger, R.

Y. Tanguy, T. Ackemann, W. J. Firth, and R. Jäger, “Realization of a semiconductor-based cavity soliton laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(1), 013907 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Karr, J. Ph.

C. Leyder, T. C. H. Liew, A. V. Kavokin, I. A. Shelykh, M. Romanelli, J. Ph. Karr, E. Giacobino, and A. Bramati, “Interference of coherent polariton beams in microcavities: polarization-controlled optical gates,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(19), 196402 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Baas, J. Ph. Karr, H. Eleuch, and E. Giacobino, “Optical bistability in semiconductor microcavities,” Phys. Rev. A 69(2), 023809 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kavokin, A.

I. A. Shelykh, Y. G. Rubo, G. Malpuech, D. D. Solnyshkov, and A. Kavokin, “Polarization and propagation of polariton condensates,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(6), 066402 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kavokin, A. V.

C. Leyder, T. C. H. Liew, A. V. Kavokin, I. A. Shelykh, M. Romanelli, J. Ph. Karr, E. Giacobino, and A. Bramati, “Interference of coherent polariton beams in microcavities: polarization-controlled optical gates,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(19), 196402 (2007).
[CrossRef]

N. A. Gippius, I. A. Shelykh, D. D. Solnyshkov, S. S. Gavrilov, Y. G. Rubo, A. V. Kavokin, S. G. Tikhodeev, and G. Malpuech, “Polarization multistability of cavity polaritons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(23), 236401 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kivshar, Y. S.

Krizhanovskii, D. N.

A. Amo, D. Sanvitto, F. P. Laussy, D. Ballarini, E. del Valle, M. D. Martin, A. Lemaître, J. Bloch, D. N. Krizhanovskii, M. S. Skolnick, C. Tejedor, and L. Viña, “Collective fluid dynamics of a polariton condensate in a semiconductor microcavity,” Nature 457(7227), 291–295 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kuszelewicz, R.

D. Bajoni, E. Semenova, A. Lemaître, S. Bouchoule, E. Wertz, P. Senellart, S. Barbay, R. Kuszelewicz, and J. Bloch, “Optical bistability in a GaAs-based polariton diode,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(26), 266402 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lagoudakis, K. G.

K. G. Lagoudakis, M. Wouters, M. Richard, A. Baas, I. Carusotto, R. André, L. S. Dang, and B. Deveaud-Plédran, “Quantized vortices in an exciton-polariton condensate,” Nat. Phys. 4(9), 706–710 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Larionova, Y.

Laussy, F. P.

A. Amo, D. Sanvitto, F. P. Laussy, D. Ballarini, E. del Valle, M. D. Martin, A. Lemaître, J. Bloch, D. N. Krizhanovskii, M. S. Skolnick, C. Tejedor, and L. Viña, “Collective fluid dynamics of a polariton condensate in a semiconductor microcavity,” Nature 457(7227), 291–295 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lederer, F.

D. V. Skryabin, O. A. Egorov, A. V. Gorbach, and F. Lederer, “One-dimensional polariton solitons and soliton waveguiding in microcavities,” Superlattices Microstruct. 47(1), 5–9 (2010).
[CrossRef]

O. A. Egorov, D. V. Skryabin, A. V. Yulin, and F. Lederer, “Bright cavity polariton solitons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(15), 153904 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. V. Yulin, O. A. Egorov, F. Lederer, and D. V. Skryabin, “Dark polariton solitons in semiconductor microcavities,” Phys. Rev. A 78(6), 061801 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lemaître, A.

A. Amo, D. Sanvitto, F. P. Laussy, D. Ballarini, E. del Valle, M. D. Martin, A. Lemaître, J. Bloch, D. N. Krizhanovskii, M. S. Skolnick, C. Tejedor, and L. Viña, “Collective fluid dynamics of a polariton condensate in a semiconductor microcavity,” Nature 457(7227), 291–295 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Bajoni, E. Semenova, A. Lemaître, S. Bouchoule, E. Wertz, P. Senellart, S. Barbay, R. Kuszelewicz, and J. Bloch, “Optical bistability in a GaAs-based polariton diode,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(26), 266402 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Leyder, C.

C. Leyder, T. C. H. Liew, A. V. Kavokin, I. A. Shelykh, M. Romanelli, J. Ph. Karr, E. Giacobino, and A. Bramati, “Interference of coherent polariton beams in microcavities: polarization-controlled optical gates,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(19), 196402 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Liew, T. C. H.

C. Leyder, T. C. H. Liew, A. V. Kavokin, I. A. Shelykh, M. Romanelli, J. Ph. Karr, E. Giacobino, and A. Bramati, “Interference of coherent polariton beams in microcavities: polarization-controlled optical gates,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(19), 196402 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lugiato, L.

Maggipinto, T.

Malpuech, G.

N. A. Gippius, I. A. Shelykh, D. D. Solnyshkov, S. S. Gavrilov, Y. G. Rubo, A. V. Kavokin, S. G. Tikhodeev, and G. Malpuech, “Polarization multistability of cavity polaritons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(23), 236401 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. A. Shelykh, Y. G. Rubo, G. Malpuech, D. D. Solnyshkov, and A. Kavokin, “Polarization and propagation of polariton condensates,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(6), 066402 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Martin, M. D.

A. Amo, D. Sanvitto, F. P. Laussy, D. Ballarini, E. del Valle, M. D. Martin, A. Lemaître, J. Bloch, D. N. Krizhanovskii, M. S. Skolnick, C. Tejedor, and L. Viña, “Collective fluid dynamics of a polariton condensate in a semiconductor microcavity,” Nature 457(7227), 291–295 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nishioka, M.

C. Weisbuch, M. Nishioka, A. Ishikawa, and Y. Arakawa, “Observation of the coupled exciton-photon mode splitting in a semiconductor quantum microcavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 69(23), 3314–3317 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Panajotov, K.

X. Hachair, G. Tissoni, H. Thienpont, and K. Panajotov, “Linearly polarized bistable localized structure in medium-size vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Phys. Rev. B 79, 011801 (2009).

Perrini, I.

Pfeiffer, L.

R. Balili, V. Hartwell, D. Snoke, L. Pfeiffer, and K. West, “Bose-Einstein condensation of microcavity polaritons in a trap,” Science 316(5827), 1007–1010 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Richard, M.

K. G. Lagoudakis, M. Wouters, M. Richard, A. Baas, I. Carusotto, R. André, L. S. Dang, and B. Deveaud-Plédran, “Quantized vortices in an exciton-polariton condensate,” Nat. Phys. 4(9), 706–710 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Romanelli, M.

C. Leyder, T. C. H. Liew, A. V. Kavokin, I. A. Shelykh, M. Romanelli, J. Ph. Karr, E. Giacobino, and A. Bramati, “Interference of coherent polariton beams in microcavities: polarization-controlled optical gates,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(19), 196402 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Rubo, Y. G.

N. A. Gippius, I. A. Shelykh, D. D. Solnyshkov, S. S. Gavrilov, Y. G. Rubo, A. V. Kavokin, S. G. Tikhodeev, and G. Malpuech, “Polarization multistability of cavity polaritons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(23), 236401 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. A. Shelykh, Y. G. Rubo, G. Malpuech, D. D. Solnyshkov, and A. Kavokin, “Polarization and propagation of polariton condensates,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(6), 066402 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sanvitto, D.

A. Amo, D. Sanvitto, F. P. Laussy, D. Ballarini, E. del Valle, M. D. Martin, A. Lemaître, J. Bloch, D. N. Krizhanovskii, M. S. Skolnick, C. Tejedor, and L. Viña, “Collective fluid dynamics of a polariton condensate in a semiconductor microcavity,” Nature 457(7227), 291–295 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sarchi, D.

D. Sarchi, M. Wouter, and V. Savona, “Polariton parametric photoluminescence in spatially inhomogeneous systems,” Phys. Rev. B 79(16), 165315 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Savona, V.

D. Sarchi, M. Wouter, and V. Savona, “Polariton parametric photoluminescence in spatially inhomogeneous systems,” Phys. Rev. B 79(16), 165315 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Semenova, E.

D. Bajoni, E. Semenova, A. Lemaître, S. Bouchoule, E. Wertz, P. Senellart, S. Barbay, R. Kuszelewicz, and J. Bloch, “Optical bistability in a GaAs-based polariton diode,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(26), 266402 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Senellart, P.

D. Bajoni, E. Semenova, A. Lemaître, S. Bouchoule, E. Wertz, P. Senellart, S. Barbay, R. Kuszelewicz, and J. Bloch, “Optical bistability in a GaAs-based polariton diode,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(26), 266402 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shadrivov, I. V.

Shelykh, I. A.

C. Leyder, T. C. H. Liew, A. V. Kavokin, I. A. Shelykh, M. Romanelli, J. Ph. Karr, E. Giacobino, and A. Bramati, “Interference of coherent polariton beams in microcavities: polarization-controlled optical gates,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(19), 196402 (2007).
[CrossRef]

N. A. Gippius, I. A. Shelykh, D. D. Solnyshkov, S. S. Gavrilov, Y. G. Rubo, A. V. Kavokin, S. G. Tikhodeev, and G. Malpuech, “Polarization multistability of cavity polaritons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(23), 236401 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. A. Shelykh, Y. G. Rubo, G. Malpuech, D. D. Solnyshkov, and A. Kavokin, “Polarization and propagation of polariton condensates,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(6), 066402 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Skolnick, M. S.

A. Amo, D. Sanvitto, F. P. Laussy, D. Ballarini, E. del Valle, M. D. Martin, A. Lemaître, J. Bloch, D. N. Krizhanovskii, M. S. Skolnick, C. Tejedor, and L. Viña, “Collective fluid dynamics of a polariton condensate in a semiconductor microcavity,” Nature 457(7227), 291–295 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Skryabin, D. V.

D. V. Skryabin, O. A. Egorov, A. V. Gorbach, and F. Lederer, “One-dimensional polariton solitons and soliton waveguiding in microcavities,” Superlattices Microstruct. 47(1), 5–9 (2010).
[CrossRef]

O. A. Egorov, D. V. Skryabin, A. V. Yulin, and F. Lederer, “Bright cavity polariton solitons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(15), 153904 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. V. Yulin, O. A. Egorov, F. Lederer, and D. V. Skryabin, “Dark polariton solitons in semiconductor microcavities,” Phys. Rev. A 78(6), 061801 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Snoke, D.

R. Balili, V. Hartwell, D. Snoke, L. Pfeiffer, and K. West, “Bose-Einstein condensation of microcavity polaritons in a trap,” Science 316(5827), 1007–1010 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Solnyshkov, D. D.

N. A. Gippius, I. A. Shelykh, D. D. Solnyshkov, S. S. Gavrilov, Y. G. Rubo, A. V. Kavokin, S. G. Tikhodeev, and G. Malpuech, “Polarization multistability of cavity polaritons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(23), 236401 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. A. Shelykh, Y. G. Rubo, G. Malpuech, D. D. Solnyshkov, and A. Kavokin, “Polarization and propagation of polariton condensates,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(6), 066402 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Spinelli, L.

Stolz, W.

Tanguy, Y.

Y. Tanguy, T. Ackemann, W. J. Firth, and R. Jäger, “Realization of a semiconductor-based cavity soliton laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(1), 013907 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tejedor, C.

A. Amo, D. Sanvitto, F. P. Laussy, D. Ballarini, E. del Valle, M. D. Martin, A. Lemaître, J. Bloch, D. N. Krizhanovskii, M. S. Skolnick, C. Tejedor, and L. Viña, “Collective fluid dynamics of a polariton condensate in a semiconductor microcavity,” Nature 457(7227), 291–295 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Thienpont, H.

X. Hachair, G. Tissoni, H. Thienpont, and K. Panajotov, “Linearly polarized bistable localized structure in medium-size vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Phys. Rev. B 79, 011801 (2009).

Tikhodeev, S. G.

N. A. Gippius, I. A. Shelykh, D. D. Solnyshkov, S. S. Gavrilov, Y. G. Rubo, A. V. Kavokin, S. G. Tikhodeev, and G. Malpuech, “Polarization multistability of cavity polaritons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(23), 236401 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tissoni, G.

X. Hachair, G. Tissoni, H. Thienpont, and K. Panajotov, “Linearly polarized bistable localized structure in medium-size vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Phys. Rev. B 79, 011801 (2009).

G. Tissoni, L. Spinelli, L. Lugiato, M. Brambilla, I. Perrini, and T. Maggipinto, “Spatio-temporal dynamics in semiconductor microresonators with thermal effects,” Opt. Express 10(19), 1009–1017 (2002), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-10-19-1009 .
[PubMed]

Viña, L.

A. Amo, D. Sanvitto, F. P. Laussy, D. Ballarini, E. del Valle, M. D. Martin, A. Lemaître, J. Bloch, D. N. Krizhanovskii, M. S. Skolnick, C. Tejedor, and L. Viña, “Collective fluid dynamics of a polariton condensate in a semiconductor microcavity,” Nature 457(7227), 291–295 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weisbuch, C.

C. Weisbuch, M. Nishioka, A. Ishikawa, and Y. Arakawa, “Observation of the coupled exciton-photon mode splitting in a semiconductor quantum microcavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 69(23), 3314–3317 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weiss, C. O.

Wertz, E.

D. Bajoni, E. Semenova, A. Lemaître, S. Bouchoule, E. Wertz, P. Senellart, S. Barbay, R. Kuszelewicz, and J. Bloch, “Optical bistability in a GaAs-based polariton diode,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(26), 266402 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

West, K.

R. Balili, V. Hartwell, D. Snoke, L. Pfeiffer, and K. West, “Bose-Einstein condensation of microcavity polaritons in a trap,” Science 316(5827), 1007–1010 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wouter, M.

D. Sarchi, M. Wouter, and V. Savona, “Polariton parametric photoluminescence in spatially inhomogeneous systems,” Phys. Rev. B 79(16), 165315 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wouters, M.

K. G. Lagoudakis, M. Wouters, M. Richard, A. Baas, I. Carusotto, R. André, L. S. Dang, and B. Deveaud-Plédran, “Quantized vortices in an exciton-polariton condensate,” Nat. Phys. 4(9), 706–710 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yulin, A. V.

O. A. Egorov, D. V. Skryabin, A. V. Yulin, and F. Lederer, “Bright cavity polariton solitons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(15), 153904 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. V. Yulin, O. A. Egorov, F. Lederer, and D. V. Skryabin, “Dark polariton solitons in semiconductor microcavities,” Phys. Rev. A 78(6), 061801 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Phys.

K. G. Lagoudakis, M. Wouters, M. Richard, A. Baas, I. Carusotto, R. André, L. S. Dang, and B. Deveaud-Plédran, “Quantized vortices in an exciton-polariton condensate,” Nat. Phys. 4(9), 706–710 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nature

A. Amo, D. Sanvitto, F. P. Laussy, D. Ballarini, E. del Valle, M. D. Martin, A. Lemaître, J. Bloch, D. N. Krizhanovskii, M. S. Skolnick, C. Tejedor, and L. Viña, “Collective fluid dynamics of a polariton condensate in a semiconductor microcavity,” Nature 457(7227), 291–295 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. A

A. V. Yulin, O. A. Egorov, F. Lederer, and D. V. Skryabin, “Dark polariton solitons in semiconductor microcavities,” Phys. Rev. A 78(6), 061801 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Baas, J. Ph. Karr, H. Eleuch, and E. Giacobino, “Optical bistability in semiconductor microcavities,” Phys. Rev. A 69(2), 023809 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B

D. Sarchi, M. Wouter, and V. Savona, “Polariton parametric photoluminescence in spatially inhomogeneous systems,” Phys. Rev. B 79(16), 165315 (2009).
[CrossRef]

X. Hachair, G. Tissoni, H. Thienpont, and K. Panajotov, “Linearly polarized bistable localized structure in medium-size vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Phys. Rev. B 79, 011801 (2009).

Phys. Rev. Lett.

O. A. Egorov, D. V. Skryabin, A. V. Yulin, and F. Lederer, “Bright cavity polariton solitons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(15), 153904 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. A. Shelykh, Y. G. Rubo, G. Malpuech, D. D. Solnyshkov, and A. Kavokin, “Polarization and propagation of polariton condensates,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(6), 066402 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Leyder, T. C. H. Liew, A. V. Kavokin, I. A. Shelykh, M. Romanelli, J. Ph. Karr, E. Giacobino, and A. Bramati, “Interference of coherent polariton beams in microcavities: polarization-controlled optical gates,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(19), 196402 (2007).
[CrossRef]

N. A. Gippius, I. A. Shelykh, D. D. Solnyshkov, S. S. Gavrilov, Y. G. Rubo, A. V. Kavokin, S. G. Tikhodeev, and G. Malpuech, “Polarization multistability of cavity polaritons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(23), 236401 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Tanguy, T. Ackemann, W. J. Firth, and R. Jäger, “Realization of a semiconductor-based cavity soliton laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(1), 013907 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Weisbuch, M. Nishioka, A. Ishikawa, and Y. Arakawa, “Observation of the coupled exciton-photon mode splitting in a semiconductor quantum microcavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 69(23), 3314–3317 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Bajoni, E. Semenova, A. Lemaître, S. Bouchoule, E. Wertz, P. Senellart, S. Barbay, R. Kuszelewicz, and J. Bloch, “Optical bistability in a GaAs-based polariton diode,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(26), 266402 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Status Solidi

C. Ciuti and I. Carusotto, “Quantum fluid effects and parametric instabilities in microcavities,” Phys. Status Solidi 242(11), 2224–2245 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Science

R. Balili, V. Hartwell, D. Snoke, L. Pfeiffer, and K. West, “Bose-Einstein condensation of microcavity polaritons in a trap,” Science 316(5827), 1007–1010 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Superlattices Microstruct.

D. V. Skryabin, O. A. Egorov, A. V. Gorbach, and F. Lederer, “One-dimensional polariton solitons and soliton waveguiding in microcavities,” Superlattices Microstruct. 47(1), 5–9 (2010).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

The homogenous solutions of the excitonic components of the polaritons as a function of pumping strength, Ein , for kin = 0 and δ = −0.7.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Maxima (minima) of the excitonic components of bright (dark) polariton solitons as a function of pumping strength, Ein , for kin = 0 and δ = −0.7. The solid-dotted curves represent the background amplitude, and the squares (dots) denote the peak (dip) values of the bright (dark) solitons.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

The excitonic components of polaritons in time and real space domains. (a) and (b) correspond to, respectively, points P1 and P1’ marked in Fig. 2. For clarity, the dark soliton is plot using negative value of |ψ 2|.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Profiles of the excitonic components of polaritons. (a) – (f) correspond to, respectively, points P2, P3, P4, P2’, P3′, and P4’ marked in Fig. 2.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Maxima (minima) of the excitonic components of bright (dark) polariton soliton as a function of pump strength, Ein , for kin = 1.7 and δ = −0.03. Other descriptions are the same as those of Fig. 2.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

The excitonic components of polaritons in time and real space domains. (a) and (b) correspond to, respectively, points P1 and P1’ marked in Fig. 5. For clarity, the dark soliton is plot using negative value of |ψ 2|.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Maxima (minima) of the excitonic components of bright (dark) polariton solitons as a function of pump strength, Ein , for kin = 1.7, δ = −0.03, and η = −0.5. Other descriptions are the same as those of Fig. 2.

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

t E 1 , 2 = i ( x 2 + 2 i k i n x k i n 2 ) E 1 , 2 ( γ p i δ ) E 1 , 2 + i ψ 1 , 2 + E i n 1 , i n 2
t ψ 1 , 2 = i E 1 , 2 ( γ e i δ ) ψ 1 , 2 i ( | ψ 1 , 2 | 2 + η | ψ 2 , 1 | 2 ) ψ 1 , 2
E L P ( k ) = 1 2 [ k 2 i ( γ p + γ e ) ] 1 2 [ k 2 + i ( γ e γ p ) ] 2 + 4

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