Abstract

We report on a new kind of green-emitting high silica luminous glass, which is fabricated by sintering of Ce3+-Tb3+ co-doped porous glass. The spectra show that there are energy transfer between Ce3+ and Tb3+, and cross-relaxation between 5D3 and 5D4 energy level of Tb3+. The energy transfer process can be adjusted by addition of Ca2+ into the Ce3+-Tb3+ co-doped porous glass, and the transfer rate can be enhanced about four times than that of Ce3+-Tb3+ co-doped porous glass. The role of Ca2+ has been discussed, and the fluorescence decay curve reveals that the Ca2+ play an important role in energy transfer.

© 2010 OSA

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  1. X. Y. Y. Sun, J. H. Zhang, X. Zhang, S. Z. Lu, and X. J. Wang, “A white light phosphor suitable for near ultraviolet excitation,” J. Lumin. 122, 122–123 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. Jayasimhadri, K. Jang, H. Lee, B. Chen, S. Yi, and J. Jeong, “White light generation from Dy3+-doped ZnO-B2O3-P2O5 glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 106(1), 013105 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  3. H. You, X. Wu, H. Cui, and G. Hong, “Luminescence and energy transfer of Ce3+ and Tb3+ in Y3Si2O8Cl,” J. Lumin. 104(3), 223–227 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  4. U. Caldiño, A. Speghini, and M. Bettinelli, “Optical spectroscopy of zinc metaphosphate glasses activated by Ce3+ and Tb3+ ions,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 18(13), 3499–3508 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  5. X. L. Liang, Y. X. Yang, C. F. Zhu, S. L. Yuan, G. R. Chen, A. Pring, and F. Xia, “Luminescence properties of Tb3+-Sm3+ codoped glasses for white light emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. , 91 (2007).
  6. D. P. Chen, H. Miyoshi, T. Akai, and T. Yazawa, “Colorless transparent fluorescence material: Sintered porous glass containing rare-earth and transition-metal ions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. , 86 (2005).
  7. W. Liu, D. P. Chen, H. Miyoshi, K. Kadono, and T. Akai, “Colorless transparent fluorescence material at the VUV excitation: The leached sintered glass with impregnation of Tb3+ ions,” Chem. Lett. 34(8), 1176–1177 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. J. Silversmith, D. M. Boye, K. S. Brewer, C. E. Gillespie, Y. Lu, and D. L. Campbell, “5D3→7FJ emission in terbium-doped sol-gel glasses,” J. Lumin. 121(1), 14–20 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  9. S. Liu, G. Zhao, X. Lin, H. Ying, J. Liu, J. Wang, and G. Han, “White luminescence of Tm-Dy ions co-doped aluminoborosilicate glasses under UV light excitation,” J. Solid State Chem. 181(10), 2725–2730 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  18. H. Zhiran, G. DIRKSEN, and G. BLASSE, “Luminescence in NaLn(SO4)2H2O: A host lattice with high-energy vibrations,” J. Solid State Chem. 52(2), 130–137 (1984).
    [CrossRef]

2009 (3)

2008 (1)

S. Liu, G. Zhao, X. Lin, H. Ying, J. Liu, J. Wang, and G. Han, “White luminescence of Tm-Dy ions co-doped aluminoborosilicate glasses under UV light excitation,” J. Solid State Chem. 181(10), 2725–2730 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

X. L. Liang, Y. X. Yang, C. F. Zhu, S. L. Yuan, G. R. Chen, A. Pring, and F. Xia, “Luminescence properties of Tb3+-Sm3+ codoped glasses for white light emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. , 91 (2007).

X. Y. Y. Sun, J. H. Zhang, X. Zhang, S. Z. Lu, and X. J. Wang, “A white light phosphor suitable for near ultraviolet excitation,” J. Lumin. 122, 122–123 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (3)

U. Caldiño, A. Speghini, and M. Bettinelli, “Optical spectroscopy of zinc metaphosphate glasses activated by Ce3+ and Tb3+ ions,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 18(13), 3499–3508 (2006).
[CrossRef]

W. Liu, D. Chen, H. Miyoshi, K. Kadono, and T. Akai, “Tb3+-impregnated, non-porous silica glass possessing intense green luminescence under UV and VUV excitation,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352(28-29), 2969–2976 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. J. Silversmith, D. M. Boye, K. S. Brewer, C. E. Gillespie, Y. Lu, and D. L. Campbell, “5D3→7FJ emission in terbium-doped sol-gel glasses,” J. Lumin. 121(1), 14–20 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

D. P. Chen, H. Miyoshi, T. Akai, and T. Yazawa, “Colorless transparent fluorescence material: Sintered porous glass containing rare-earth and transition-metal ions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. , 86 (2005).

W. Liu, D. P. Chen, H. Miyoshi, K. Kadono, and T. Akai, “Colorless transparent fluorescence material at the VUV excitation: The leached sintered glass with impregnation of Tb3+ ions,” Chem. Lett. 34(8), 1176–1177 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

H. You, X. Wu, H. Cui, and G. Hong, “Luminescence and energy transfer of Ce3+ and Tb3+ in Y3Si2O8Cl,” J. Lumin. 104(3), 223–227 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

L. Nehru, K. Marimuthu, M. Jayachandran, C. Lu, and R. Jagannathan, “Ce 3-doped stillwellites: a new luminescent system with strong ion lattice coupling,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 34(17), 2599–2605 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

K. S. Sohn, Y. Y. Choi, and H. D. Park, “Photoluminescence behavior of Tb3+ -activated YBO3 phosphors,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 147(5), 1988–1992 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

. R. Martı́n, V. D. Rodrı́guez, U. R. Rodrı́guez-Mendoza, V. Lavı́n, E. Montoya, and D. Jaque, “Energy transfer with migration. Generalization of the Yokota–Tanimoto model for any kind of multipole interaction,” J. Chem. Phys. 111(3), 1191 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

J. C. Zhang, C. Parent, G. le Flem, and P. Hagenmuller, “White light emitting glasses,” J. Solid State Chem. 93(1), 17–29 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1984 (1)

H. Zhiran, G. DIRKSEN, and G. BLASSE, “Luminescence in NaLn(SO4)2H2O: A host lattice with high-energy vibrations,” J. Solid State Chem. 52(2), 130–137 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Akai, T.

L. Yang, M. Yamashita, and T. Akai, “Green and red high-silica luminous glass suitable for near-ultraviolet excitation,” Opt. Express 17(8), 6688–6695 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Liu, D. Chen, H. Miyoshi, K. Kadono, and T. Akai, “Tb3+-impregnated, non-porous silica glass possessing intense green luminescence under UV and VUV excitation,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352(28-29), 2969–2976 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. P. Chen, H. Miyoshi, T. Akai, and T. Yazawa, “Colorless transparent fluorescence material: Sintered porous glass containing rare-earth and transition-metal ions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. , 86 (2005).

W. Liu, D. P. Chen, H. Miyoshi, K. Kadono, and T. Akai, “Colorless transparent fluorescence material at the VUV excitation: The leached sintered glass with impregnation of Tb3+ ions,” Chem. Lett. 34(8), 1176–1177 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bettinelli, M.

U. Caldiño, A. Speghini, and M. Bettinelli, “Optical spectroscopy of zinc metaphosphate glasses activated by Ce3+ and Tb3+ ions,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 18(13), 3499–3508 (2006).
[CrossRef]

BLASSE, G.

H. Zhiran, G. DIRKSEN, and G. BLASSE, “Luminescence in NaLn(SO4)2H2O: A host lattice with high-energy vibrations,” J. Solid State Chem. 52(2), 130–137 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Boye, D. M.

A. J. Silversmith, D. M. Boye, K. S. Brewer, C. E. Gillespie, Y. Lu, and D. L. Campbell, “5D3→7FJ emission in terbium-doped sol-gel glasses,” J. Lumin. 121(1), 14–20 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Brewer, K. S.

A. J. Silversmith, D. M. Boye, K. S. Brewer, C. E. Gillespie, Y. Lu, and D. L. Campbell, “5D3→7FJ emission in terbium-doped sol-gel glasses,” J. Lumin. 121(1), 14–20 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Caldiño, U.

U. Caldiño, A. Speghini, and M. Bettinelli, “Optical spectroscopy of zinc metaphosphate glasses activated by Ce3+ and Tb3+ ions,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 18(13), 3499–3508 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Campbell, D. L.

A. J. Silversmith, D. M. Boye, K. S. Brewer, C. E. Gillespie, Y. Lu, and D. L. Campbell, “5D3→7FJ emission in terbium-doped sol-gel glasses,” J. Lumin. 121(1), 14–20 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chen, B.

M. Jayasimhadri, K. Jang, H. Lee, B. Chen, S. Yi, and J. Jeong, “White light generation from Dy3+-doped ZnO-B2O3-P2O5 glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 106(1), 013105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chen, D.

W. Liu, D. Chen, H. Miyoshi, K. Kadono, and T. Akai, “Tb3+-impregnated, non-porous silica glass possessing intense green luminescence under UV and VUV excitation,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352(28-29), 2969–2976 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chen, D. P.

D. P. Chen, H. Miyoshi, T. Akai, and T. Yazawa, “Colorless transparent fluorescence material: Sintered porous glass containing rare-earth and transition-metal ions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. , 86 (2005).

W. Liu, D. P. Chen, H. Miyoshi, K. Kadono, and T. Akai, “Colorless transparent fluorescence material at the VUV excitation: The leached sintered glass with impregnation of Tb3+ ions,” Chem. Lett. 34(8), 1176–1177 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chen, G. R.

X. L. Liang, Y. X. Yang, C. F. Zhu, S. L. Yuan, G. R. Chen, A. Pring, and F. Xia, “Luminescence properties of Tb3+-Sm3+ codoped glasses for white light emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. , 91 (2007).

Cheng, B.-M.

Chiu, Y.-C.

Choi, Y. Y.

K. S. Sohn, Y. Y. Choi, and H. D. Park, “Photoluminescence behavior of Tb3+ -activated YBO3 phosphors,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 147(5), 1988–1992 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Cui, H.

H. You, X. Wu, H. Cui, and G. Hong, “Luminescence and energy transfer of Ce3+ and Tb3+ in Y3Si2O8Cl,” J. Lumin. 104(3), 223–227 (2003).
[CrossRef]

DIRKSEN, G.

H. Zhiran, G. DIRKSEN, and G. BLASSE, “Luminescence in NaLn(SO4)2H2O: A host lattice with high-energy vibrations,” J. Solid State Chem. 52(2), 130–137 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Gillespie, C. E.

A. J. Silversmith, D. M. Boye, K. S. Brewer, C. E. Gillespie, Y. Lu, and D. L. Campbell, “5D3→7FJ emission in terbium-doped sol-gel glasses,” J. Lumin. 121(1), 14–20 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hagenmuller, P.

J. C. Zhang, C. Parent, G. le Flem, and P. Hagenmuller, “White light emitting glasses,” J. Solid State Chem. 93(1), 17–29 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Han, G.

S. Liu, G. Zhao, X. Lin, H. Ying, J. Liu, J. Wang, and G. Han, “White luminescence of Tm-Dy ions co-doped aluminoborosilicate glasses under UV light excitation,” J. Solid State Chem. 181(10), 2725–2730 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hong, G.

H. You, X. Wu, H. Cui, and G. Hong, “Luminescence and energy transfer of Ce3+ and Tb3+ in Y3Si2O8Cl,” J. Lumin. 104(3), 223–227 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Jagannathan, R.

L. Nehru, K. Marimuthu, M. Jayachandran, C. Lu, and R. Jagannathan, “Ce 3-doped stillwellites: a new luminescent system with strong ion lattice coupling,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 34(17), 2599–2605 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Jang, K.

M. Jayasimhadri, K. Jang, H. Lee, B. Chen, S. Yi, and J. Jeong, “White light generation from Dy3+-doped ZnO-B2O3-P2O5 glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 106(1), 013105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jang, S.-M.

Jaque, D.

. R. Martı́n, V. D. Rodrı́guez, U. R. Rodrı́guez-Mendoza, V. Lavı́n, E. Montoya, and D. Jaque, “Energy transfer with migration. Generalization of the Yokota–Tanimoto model for any kind of multipole interaction,” J. Chem. Phys. 111(3), 1191 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Jayachandran, M.

L. Nehru, K. Marimuthu, M. Jayachandran, C. Lu, and R. Jagannathan, “Ce 3-doped stillwellites: a new luminescent system with strong ion lattice coupling,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 34(17), 2599–2605 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Jayasimhadri, M.

M. Jayasimhadri, K. Jang, H. Lee, B. Chen, S. Yi, and J. Jeong, “White light generation from Dy3+-doped ZnO-B2O3-P2O5 glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 106(1), 013105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jeong, J.

M. Jayasimhadri, K. Jang, H. Lee, B. Chen, S. Yi, and J. Jeong, “White light generation from Dy3+-doped ZnO-B2O3-P2O5 glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 106(1), 013105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kadono, K.

W. Liu, D. Chen, H. Miyoshi, K. Kadono, and T. Akai, “Tb3+-impregnated, non-porous silica glass possessing intense green luminescence under UV and VUV excitation,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352(28-29), 2969–2976 (2006).
[CrossRef]

W. Liu, D. P. Chen, H. Miyoshi, K. Kadono, and T. Akai, “Colorless transparent fluorescence material at the VUV excitation: The leached sintered glass with impregnation of Tb3+ ions,” Chem. Lett. 34(8), 1176–1177 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lavi´n, V.

. R. Martı́n, V. D. Rodrı́guez, U. R. Rodrı́guez-Mendoza, V. Lavı́n, E. Montoya, and D. Jaque, “Energy transfer with migration. Generalization of the Yokota–Tanimoto model for any kind of multipole interaction,” J. Chem. Phys. 111(3), 1191 (1999).
[CrossRef]

le Flem, G.

J. C. Zhang, C. Parent, G. le Flem, and P. Hagenmuller, “White light emitting glasses,” J. Solid State Chem. 93(1), 17–29 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Lee, H.

M. Jayasimhadri, K. Jang, H. Lee, B. Chen, S. Yi, and J. Jeong, “White light generation from Dy3+-doped ZnO-B2O3-P2O5 glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 106(1), 013105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Liang, X. L.

X. L. Liang, Y. X. Yang, C. F. Zhu, S. L. Yuan, G. R. Chen, A. Pring, and F. Xia, “Luminescence properties of Tb3+-Sm3+ codoped glasses for white light emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. , 91 (2007).

Lin, C. C.

Lin, X.

S. Liu, G. Zhao, X. Lin, H. Ying, J. Liu, J. Wang, and G. Han, “White luminescence of Tm-Dy ions co-doped aluminoborosilicate glasses under UV light excitation,” J. Solid State Chem. 181(10), 2725–2730 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J.

S. Liu, G. Zhao, X. Lin, H. Ying, J. Liu, J. Wang, and G. Han, “White luminescence of Tm-Dy ions co-doped aluminoborosilicate glasses under UV light excitation,” J. Solid State Chem. 181(10), 2725–2730 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Liu, R.-S.

Liu, S.

S. Liu, G. Zhao, X. Lin, H. Ying, J. Liu, J. Wang, and G. Han, “White luminescence of Tm-Dy ions co-doped aluminoborosilicate glasses under UV light excitation,” J. Solid State Chem. 181(10), 2725–2730 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Liu, W.

W. Liu, D. Chen, H. Miyoshi, K. Kadono, and T. Akai, “Tb3+-impregnated, non-porous silica glass possessing intense green luminescence under UV and VUV excitation,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352(28-29), 2969–2976 (2006).
[CrossRef]

W. Liu, D. P. Chen, H. Miyoshi, K. Kadono, and T. Akai, “Colorless transparent fluorescence material at the VUV excitation: The leached sintered glass with impregnation of Tb3+ ions,” Chem. Lett. 34(8), 1176–1177 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Liu, W.-R.

Lu, C.

L. Nehru, K. Marimuthu, M. Jayachandran, C. Lu, and R. Jagannathan, “Ce 3-doped stillwellites: a new luminescent system with strong ion lattice coupling,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 34(17), 2599–2605 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lu, S. Z.

X. Y. Y. Sun, J. H. Zhang, X. Zhang, S. Z. Lu, and X. J. Wang, “A white light phosphor suitable for near ultraviolet excitation,” J. Lumin. 122, 122–123 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lu, Y.

A. J. Silversmith, D. M. Boye, K. S. Brewer, C. E. Gillespie, Y. Lu, and D. L. Campbell, “5D3→7FJ emission in terbium-doped sol-gel glasses,” J. Lumin. 121(1), 14–20 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Marimuthu, K.

L. Nehru, K. Marimuthu, M. Jayachandran, C. Lu, and R. Jagannathan, “Ce 3-doped stillwellites: a new luminescent system with strong ion lattice coupling,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 34(17), 2599–2605 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Marti´n, . R.

. R. Martı́n, V. D. Rodrı́guez, U. R. Rodrı́guez-Mendoza, V. Lavı́n, E. Montoya, and D. Jaque, “Energy transfer with migration. Generalization of the Yokota–Tanimoto model for any kind of multipole interaction,” J. Chem. Phys. 111(3), 1191 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Miyoshi, H.

W. Liu, D. Chen, H. Miyoshi, K. Kadono, and T. Akai, “Tb3+-impregnated, non-porous silica glass possessing intense green luminescence under UV and VUV excitation,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352(28-29), 2969–2976 (2006).
[CrossRef]

W. Liu, D. P. Chen, H. Miyoshi, K. Kadono, and T. Akai, “Colorless transparent fluorescence material at the VUV excitation: The leached sintered glass with impregnation of Tb3+ ions,” Chem. Lett. 34(8), 1176–1177 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. P. Chen, H. Miyoshi, T. Akai, and T. Yazawa, “Colorless transparent fluorescence material: Sintered porous glass containing rare-earth and transition-metal ions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. , 86 (2005).

Montoya, E.

. R. Martı́n, V. D. Rodrı́guez, U. R. Rodrı́guez-Mendoza, V. Lavı́n, E. Montoya, and D. Jaque, “Energy transfer with migration. Generalization of the Yokota–Tanimoto model for any kind of multipole interaction,” J. Chem. Phys. 111(3), 1191 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Nehru, L.

L. Nehru, K. Marimuthu, M. Jayachandran, C. Lu, and R. Jagannathan, “Ce 3-doped stillwellites: a new luminescent system with strong ion lattice coupling,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 34(17), 2599–2605 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Parent, C.

J. C. Zhang, C. Parent, G. le Flem, and P. Hagenmuller, “White light emitting glasses,” J. Solid State Chem. 93(1), 17–29 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Park, H. D.

K. S. Sohn, Y. Y. Choi, and H. D. Park, “Photoluminescence behavior of Tb3+ -activated YBO3 phosphors,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 147(5), 1988–1992 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Pring, A.

X. L. Liang, Y. X. Yang, C. F. Zhu, S. L. Yuan, G. R. Chen, A. Pring, and F. Xia, “Luminescence properties of Tb3+-Sm3+ codoped glasses for white light emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. , 91 (2007).

Rodri´guez, V. D.

. R. Martı́n, V. D. Rodrı́guez, U. R. Rodrı́guez-Mendoza, V. Lavı́n, E. Montoya, and D. Jaque, “Energy transfer with migration. Generalization of the Yokota–Tanimoto model for any kind of multipole interaction,” J. Chem. Phys. 111(3), 1191 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Rodri´guez-Mendoza, U. R.

. R. Martı́n, V. D. Rodrı́guez, U. R. Rodrı́guez-Mendoza, V. Lavı́n, E. Montoya, and D. Jaque, “Energy transfer with migration. Generalization of the Yokota–Tanimoto model for any kind of multipole interaction,” J. Chem. Phys. 111(3), 1191 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Silversmith, A. J.

A. J. Silversmith, D. M. Boye, K. S. Brewer, C. E. Gillespie, Y. Lu, and D. L. Campbell, “5D3→7FJ emission in terbium-doped sol-gel glasses,” J. Lumin. 121(1), 14–20 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sohn, K. S.

K. S. Sohn, Y. Y. Choi, and H. D. Park, “Photoluminescence behavior of Tb3+ -activated YBO3 phosphors,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 147(5), 1988–1992 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Speghini, A.

U. Caldiño, A. Speghini, and M. Bettinelli, “Optical spectroscopy of zinc metaphosphate glasses activated by Ce3+ and Tb3+ ions,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 18(13), 3499–3508 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sun, X. Y. Y.

X. Y. Y. Sun, J. H. Zhang, X. Zhang, S. Z. Lu, and X. J. Wang, “A white light phosphor suitable for near ultraviolet excitation,” J. Lumin. 122, 122–123 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

S. Liu, G. Zhao, X. Lin, H. Ying, J. Liu, J. Wang, and G. Han, “White luminescence of Tm-Dy ions co-doped aluminoborosilicate glasses under UV light excitation,” J. Solid State Chem. 181(10), 2725–2730 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wang, X. J.

X. Y. Y. Sun, J. H. Zhang, X. Zhang, S. Z. Lu, and X. J. Wang, “A white light phosphor suitable for near ultraviolet excitation,” J. Lumin. 122, 122–123 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wu, X.

H. You, X. Wu, H. Cui, and G. Hong, “Luminescence and energy transfer of Ce3+ and Tb3+ in Y3Si2O8Cl,” J. Lumin. 104(3), 223–227 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Xia, F.

X. L. Liang, Y. X. Yang, C. F. Zhu, S. L. Yuan, G. R. Chen, A. Pring, and F. Xia, “Luminescence properties of Tb3+-Sm3+ codoped glasses for white light emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. , 91 (2007).

Yamashita, M.

Yang, L.

Yang, Y. X.

X. L. Liang, Y. X. Yang, C. F. Zhu, S. L. Yuan, G. R. Chen, A. Pring, and F. Xia, “Luminescence properties of Tb3+-Sm3+ codoped glasses for white light emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. , 91 (2007).

Yazawa, T.

D. P. Chen, H. Miyoshi, T. Akai, and T. Yazawa, “Colorless transparent fluorescence material: Sintered porous glass containing rare-earth and transition-metal ions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. , 86 (2005).

Yeh, Y.-T.

Yi, S.

M. Jayasimhadri, K. Jang, H. Lee, B. Chen, S. Yi, and J. Jeong, “White light generation from Dy3+-doped ZnO-B2O3-P2O5 glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 106(1), 013105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ying, H.

S. Liu, G. Zhao, X. Lin, H. Ying, J. Liu, J. Wang, and G. Han, “White luminescence of Tm-Dy ions co-doped aluminoborosilicate glasses under UV light excitation,” J. Solid State Chem. 181(10), 2725–2730 (2008).
[CrossRef]

You, H.

H. You, X. Wu, H. Cui, and G. Hong, “Luminescence and energy transfer of Ce3+ and Tb3+ in Y3Si2O8Cl,” J. Lumin. 104(3), 223–227 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yuan, S. L.

X. L. Liang, Y. X. Yang, C. F. Zhu, S. L. Yuan, G. R. Chen, A. Pring, and F. Xia, “Luminescence properties of Tb3+-Sm3+ codoped glasses for white light emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. , 91 (2007).

Zhang, J. C.

J. C. Zhang, C. Parent, G. le Flem, and P. Hagenmuller, “White light emitting glasses,” J. Solid State Chem. 93(1), 17–29 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J. H.

X. Y. Y. Sun, J. H. Zhang, X. Zhang, S. Z. Lu, and X. J. Wang, “A white light phosphor suitable for near ultraviolet excitation,” J. Lumin. 122, 122–123 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.

X. Y. Y. Sun, J. H. Zhang, X. Zhang, S. Z. Lu, and X. J. Wang, “A white light phosphor suitable for near ultraviolet excitation,” J. Lumin. 122, 122–123 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, G.

S. Liu, G. Zhao, X. Lin, H. Ying, J. Liu, J. Wang, and G. Han, “White luminescence of Tm-Dy ions co-doped aluminoborosilicate glasses under UV light excitation,” J. Solid State Chem. 181(10), 2725–2730 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhiran, H.

H. Zhiran, G. DIRKSEN, and G. BLASSE, “Luminescence in NaLn(SO4)2H2O: A host lattice with high-energy vibrations,” J. Solid State Chem. 52(2), 130–137 (1984).
[CrossRef]

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X. L. Liang, Y. X. Yang, C. F. Zhu, S. L. Yuan, G. R. Chen, A. Pring, and F. Xia, “Luminescence properties of Tb3+-Sm3+ codoped glasses for white light emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. , 91 (2007).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

X. L. Liang, Y. X. Yang, C. F. Zhu, S. L. Yuan, G. R. Chen, A. Pring, and F. Xia, “Luminescence properties of Tb3+-Sm3+ codoped glasses for white light emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. , 91 (2007).

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Chem. Lett. (1)

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

J. Lumin. (3)

X. Y. Y. Sun, J. H. Zhang, X. Zhang, S. Z. Lu, and X. J. Wang, “A white light phosphor suitable for near ultraviolet excitation,” J. Lumin. 122, 122–123 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. You, X. Wu, H. Cui, and G. Hong, “Luminescence and energy transfer of Ce3+ and Tb3+ in Y3Si2O8Cl,” J. Lumin. 104(3), 223–227 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. J. Silversmith, D. M. Boye, K. S. Brewer, C. E. Gillespie, Y. Lu, and D. L. Campbell, “5D3→7FJ emission in terbium-doped sol-gel glasses,” J. Lumin. 121(1), 14–20 (2006).
[CrossRef]

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W. Liu, D. Chen, H. Miyoshi, K. Kadono, and T. Akai, “Tb3+-impregnated, non-porous silica glass possessing intense green luminescence under UV and VUV excitation,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352(28-29), 2969–2976 (2006).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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L. Nehru, K. Marimuthu, M. Jayachandran, C. Lu, and R. Jagannathan, “Ce 3-doped stillwellites: a new luminescent system with strong ion lattice coupling,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 34(17), 2599–2605 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Solid State Chem. (3)

H. Zhiran, G. DIRKSEN, and G. BLASSE, “Luminescence in NaLn(SO4)2H2O: A host lattice with high-energy vibrations,” J. Solid State Chem. 52(2), 130–137 (1984).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Zhang, C. Parent, G. le Flem, and P. Hagenmuller, “White light emitting glasses,” J. Solid State Chem. 93(1), 17–29 (1991).
[CrossRef]

S. Liu, G. Zhao, X. Lin, H. Ying, J. Liu, J. Wang, and G. Han, “White luminescence of Tm-Dy ions co-doped aluminoborosilicate glasses under UV light excitation,” J. Solid State Chem. 181(10), 2725–2730 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Other (1)

G. Blasse, and B. C. Grabmaier, Luminescent Materials, (Berlin: Springer, 1994).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Emission spectra of Tb3+ doped (a),Ce3+ doped (b), Tb3+–Ce3+ co-doped (c), and Tb3+– Ce3+–Ca2+ co-doped (d) sintered porous glasses. The excitation wavelength is 310 nm. Tb3+ doped glass has a Tb3+ concentration of 0.235 mol%. Tb3+–Ce3+ co-doped glass has a Tb3+ concentration of 0.235 mol% and a Ce3+ concentration of 0.08 mol%. Tb3+– Ce3+–Ca2+ co-doped glass has a Tb3+ concentration of 0.235 mol%, a Ce3+ concentration of 0.08 mol% and a Ca2+ concentration of 1.2 mol%. The left inset gives the photographs of luminous glasses exhibiting blue and green emission under 310nm irradiation. The a, b, c, and d samples correspond to Tb3+ doped glass, Ce3+ doped glass, Tb3+-Ce3+ co-doped glass, Tb3+-Ce3+-Ca2+ co-doped glass, respectively.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(A) describes the 5D4 emission spectra of Tb3+-Ce3+-Ca2+-co-doped glasses under 310nm excitation. All of the glasses have Tb3+ concentration of 0.235 mol% and Ce3+ concentration of 0.08 mol% respectively. The concentration of Ca2+ is changed from 0.4 mol%, 0.6 mol%,0.8 mol%, 1.0 mol% to 1.2 mol%. Figure 2(B) shows the excitation spectra of the corresponding glasses monitored at 544 nm.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(A) and (B) are 5D3 and 5D4 emission spectra of Tb3+–Ca2+ co-doped glasses under 238-nm excitation. (C) and (D) are the excitation spectra of 5D3 and 5D4 emission of Tb3+ obtained by monitoring 379nm and 544nm emissions, respectively. All of the glasses have Tb3+concentration of 0.235 mol%. The concentration of Ca2+ is changed from 0.4 mol%, 0.6mol%, 0.8mol% to 1.0 mol%.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Decay curves of the Tb3+ (5D37F5, 379nm) transition in the sintered porous silica glasses with different Ca2+ concentration under 238nm excitation. The concentration of Ca2+ is 0 mol% (a), 0.4 mol% (b), 0.6 mol% (c) and 0.8 mol% (d) respectively. The Tb3+ concentration is 0.235 mol%. The lines in colors are fitted lines of decay curves corresponding to sample a, b, c, and d, respectively.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Decay curve of Ce3+ emission at 395nm in the sintered porous silica glasses with different Ca2+ concentration under 307nm excitation. The concentration of Ca2+ is 0.2 mol% (a), 0.8 mol% (b) and 1.4 mol% (c), respectively. The concentration of Ce3+ is 0.08 mol% and Tb is 0.235 mol%. The red lines are fitted lines of decay curves corresponding to sample a, b, and c, respectively.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Parameters for the fitted equation, decay life time and energy transfer efficiency of samples with different Ca2+ concentration

Tables Icon

Table 2. Parameters for the fitted equation, decay life time and energy transfer efficiency of Ce3+-Tb3+-Ca2+ co-doped samples with different Ca2+ concentration. CTCx mol% represent Ce3+-Tb3+-Ca2+ co-doped glasses with Ca2+ concentration of x mol%

Equations (4)

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I ( t ) = A exp ( t τ 0 ) + ( 1 A ) exp [ t τ 0 π ( C C 0 ) ( t τ 0 ) 1 / 2 ]
τ m = t 0 I ( t ) t d t / t 0 I ( t ) d t
η ET = 1- τ m-xCa / τ 0
I ( t ) = I ( 0 ) exp [ t τ 0 π ( C C 0 ) ( t τ 0 ) 1 2 ]

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