K. Liu, J. Tian, D. Liu, C-H. Qin, J-T. Liu, S-P. Zhu, Z-J. Chang, X. Yang, and M. Xu, “Spectrally resolved three dimension bioluminescence tomography with a level set strategy,” J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 27, 1413–1423 (2010).

[CrossRef]

D. Hyde, R. Kleine, S. A. MacLaurin, E. Miller, D. H. Brooks, T. Krucker, and V. Ntziachristos, “Hybrid FMT-CT imaging of amyloid-β plaques in a murine Alzheimer's disease model,” NeuroImage 44, 1304–1311 (2009).

[CrossRef]

M. Chu, K. Vishwanath, A. D. Klose, and H. Dehghani, “Light transport in biological tissue using three-dimensional frequency-domain simplified spherical harmonics equations,” Phys. Med. Biol. 54, 2493–2509 (2009).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Y-J. Lu, A. Douraghy, H. B. Machado, D. Stout, J. Tian, H. Herschman, and A. F. Chatziioannou, “Spectrally-resolved bioluminescence tomography with the three-order simplified spherical harmonics approximation,” Phys. Med. Biol. 50, 4225–4241 (2009).

S-P. Zhu, J. Tian, G-R. Yan, C-H. Qin, and J-C. Feng, “Cone beam micro-CT system for small animal imaging and performance evaluation,” Int. J. Biomed. Imaging 2009, doc. ID 960573 (2009).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Z. Yuan, X-H. Hu, and H-B Jiang, “A higher order diffusion model for three-dimensional photon migration and image reconstruction in optical tomography,” Phys. Med. Biol. 54, 65–88 (2009).

[CrossRef]

R. Weissleder and M. J. Pittet, “Imaging in the era of molecular oncology,” Nature 452, 580–589 (2008).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. K. Willmann, N. van Bruggen, L. M. Dinkelborg, and S. S. Gambhir, “Molecular imaging in drug development,” Nat. Rev. Drug Discov. 7, 591–607 (2008).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. Tian, J. Bai, X-P. Yan, S-L. Bao, Y-H. Li, W. Liang, and X. Yang, “Multimodality molecular imaging,” IEEE Eng. Med. Biol. 27, 48–57 (2008).

G-R. Yan, J. Tian, S-P. Zhu, Y-K. Dai, and C-H. Qin, “Fast cone-beam CT image reconstruction using GPU hardware,” J. X-Ray Sci. and Technol. 16, 225–234 (2008).

Y-J. Lv, J. Tian, H. Li, W-X. Cong, G. Wang, W-X. Yang, C-H. Qin, and M. Xu, “Spectrally resolved bioluminescence tomography with adaptive finite element: methodology and simulation,” Phys. Med. Biol. 52, 4497–4512 (2007).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Y. Lin, H. Gao, O. Nalcioglu, and G. Gulsen, “Fluorescence diffuse optical tomography with functional and anatomical a priori information: feasibility study,” Phys. Med. Biol. 52, 5569–5585 (2007).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

C. Kuo, O. Coquoz, T. L. Troy, H. Xu, and B. W. Rice, “Three-dimensional reconstruction of in vivo bioluminescent sources based on multispectral imaging,” J. Biomed. Opt. 12, 024007:1–12 (2007).

[CrossRef]

S. Wright, M. Schweiger, and S. R. Arridge, “Reconstruction in optical tomography using the PN approximations,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 18, 79–86 (2007).

[CrossRef]

N. V. Slavine, M. A. Lewis, E. Richer, and P. P. Antich, “Iterative reconstruction method for light emitting sources based on the diffusion equation,” Med. Phys. 33, 61–68 (2006).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

G. Gulsen, O. Birgul, M. B. Unlu, R. Shafiiha, and O. Nalcioglu, “Combined diffuse optical tomography (DOT) and MRI system for cancer imaging in small animals,” Technol. Cancer Res. Treat. 5, 351–363 (2006).

[PubMed]

A. D. Klose and E. W. Larsen, “Light transport in biological tissue based on the simplified spherical harmonics equations,” J. Comput. Phys. 220, 441–470 (2006).

[CrossRef]

H. Dehghani, S. C. Davis, S. Jiang, B. W. Pogue, K. D. Paulsen, and M.S. Patterson, “Spectrally resolved bioluminescence optical tomography,” Opt. Lett. 31, 365–367 (2006).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

H. Li, J. Tian, F-P. Zhu, W-X. Cong, L. V. Wang, E. A. Hoffman, and G. Wang, “A mouse optical simulation environment (MOSE) to investigate bioluminescent phenomena in the living mouse with the monte carlo method,” Acad. Radiol. 11, 1029–1038 (2005).

[CrossRef]

G. Alexandrakis, F. R. Rannou, and A. F. Chatziioannou, “Tomographic bioluminescence imaging by use of a combined optical-PET (OPET) system: a computer simulation feasibility study,” Phys. Med. Biol. 50, 4225–4241 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. J. Chaudhari, F. Darvas, J. R. Bading, R. A. Moats, P. S. Conti, D. J. Smith, S. R. Cherry, and R. M. Leahy, “Hyperspectral and multispectral bioluminescence optical tomography for small animal imaging” Phys. Med. Biol. 50, 5421–5441 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

V. Ntziachristos, J. Ripoll, L. V. Wang, and R. Weisslder, “Looking and listening to light: the evolution of whole body photonic imaging,” Nat. Biotechnol. 23, 313–320 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Jiang and G. Wang, “Image reconstruction for bioluminescence tomography,” Proc. SPIE 5535, 335–351 (2004).

[CrossRef]

X. Intes, C. Maloux, M. Guven, B. Yazici, and B. Chance, “Diffuse optical tomography with physiological and spatial a priori constraints,” Phys. Med. Biol. 49, N155–N163 (2004).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Y. Boykov and V. Kolmogorov, “An experimental comparison of min-cut/max-flow algorithms for energy minimization in vision,” IEEE Trans. Patt. Anal. and Mach. Intell. 26, 1124–1137 (2004).

[CrossRef]

R. Weissleder and V. Ntziachristos, “Shedding light onto live molecular targets,” Nat. Med. 9, 123–128 (2003).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. D. Klose, U. Netz, J. Beuthan, and A. H. Hielscher, “Optical tomography using the time-independent equation of radiative transfer: part 1. forward model,” J. Quant. Radiat. Spectrosc. Transfer 72, 691–713 (2002).

[CrossRef]

B. W. Rice, M. D. Cable, and M. B. Nelson, “In vivo imaging of lightemitting probes,” J. Biomed. Opt. 6, 432–440 (2001).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

V. Ntziachristos, A. H. Hielscher, A. G. Yodh, and B. Chance, “Diffuse optical tomography of highly heterogeneous media,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging 20, 470–478 (2001).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

H. Dehghani, D. Delpy, and S. Arridge, “Photon migration in non-scattering tissue and the effects on image reconstruction,” Phys. Med. Biol. 44, 2897–2906 (1999).

[CrossRef]

S. R. Arridge, “Optical tomography in medical imaging,” Inv. Prob. 15, R41–R93 (1999).

[CrossRef]

A. H. Hielscher, R. E. Alcouffe, and R. L. Barbour, “Comparison of finite-difference transport and diffusion calculations for photon migration in homogeneous and heterogeneous tissues,” Phys. Med. Biol. 43, 1285–1302 (1998).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

O. Dorn, “Transportłbacktransport method for optical tomography,” Inv. Prob. 14, 1107–1130 (1998).

[CrossRef]

A. H. Hielscher, R. E. Alcouffe, and R. L. Barbour, “Comparison of finite-difference transport and diffusion calculations for photon migration in homogeneous and heterogeneous tissues,” Phys. Med. Biol. 43, 1285–1302 (1998).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

G. Alexandrakis, F. R. Rannou, and A. F. Chatziioannou, “Tomographic bioluminescence imaging by use of a combined optical-PET (OPET) system: a computer simulation feasibility study,” Phys. Med. Biol. 50, 4225–4241 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

N. V. Slavine, M. A. Lewis, E. Richer, and P. P. Antich, “Iterative reconstruction method for light emitting sources based on the diffusion equation,” Med. Phys. 33, 61–68 (2006).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

H. Dehghani, D. Delpy, and S. Arridge, “Photon migration in non-scattering tissue and the effects on image reconstruction,” Phys. Med. Biol. 44, 2897–2906 (1999).

[CrossRef]

S. Wright, M. Schweiger, and S. R. Arridge, “Reconstruction in optical tomography using the PN approximations,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 18, 79–86 (2007).

[CrossRef]

S. R. Arridge, “Optical tomography in medical imaging,” Inv. Prob. 15, R41–R93 (1999).

[CrossRef]

A. J. Chaudhari, F. Darvas, J. R. Bading, R. A. Moats, P. S. Conti, D. J. Smith, S. R. Cherry, and R. M. Leahy, “Hyperspectral and multispectral bioluminescence optical tomography for small animal imaging” Phys. Med. Biol. 50, 5421–5441 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. Tian, J. Bai, X-P. Yan, S-L. Bao, Y-H. Li, W. Liang, and X. Yang, “Multimodality molecular imaging,” IEEE Eng. Med. Biol. 27, 48–57 (2008).

J. Tian, J. Bai, X-P. Yan, S-L. Bao, Y-H. Li, W. Liang, and X. Yang, “Multimodality molecular imaging,” IEEE Eng. Med. Biol. 27, 48–57 (2008).

A. H. Hielscher, R. E. Alcouffe, and R. L. Barbour, “Comparison of finite-difference transport and diffusion calculations for photon migration in homogeneous and heterogeneous tissues,” Phys. Med. Biol. 43, 1285–1302 (1998).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. D. Klose, U. Netz, J. Beuthan, and A. H. Hielscher, “Optical tomography using the time-independent equation of radiative transfer: part 1. forward model,” J. Quant. Radiat. Spectrosc. Transfer 72, 691–713 (2002).

[CrossRef]

G. Gulsen, O. Birgul, M. B. Unlu, R. Shafiiha, and O. Nalcioglu, “Combined diffuse optical tomography (DOT) and MRI system for cancer imaging in small animals,” Technol. Cancer Res. Treat. 5, 351–363 (2006).

[PubMed]

Y. Boykov and V. Kolmogorov, “An experimental comparison of min-cut/max-flow algorithms for energy minimization in vision,” IEEE Trans. Patt. Anal. and Mach. Intell. 26, 1124–1137 (2004).

[CrossRef]

S. C. Brenner and L. C. Scott, The mathematical Theory of Finite Element Methods, Springer-Verlag, New York (1994).

D. Hyde, R. Kleine, S. A. MacLaurin, E. Miller, D. H. Brooks, T. Krucker, and V. Ntziachristos, “Hybrid FMT-CT imaging of amyloid-β plaques in a murine Alzheimer's disease model,” NeuroImage 44, 1304–1311 (2009).

[CrossRef]

B. W. Rice, M. D. Cable, and M. B. Nelson, “In vivo imaging of lightemitting probes,” J. Biomed. Opt. 6, 432–440 (2001).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

K. M. Case and P. F. Zweifel, Linear Transport Theory, Addison-Wesley, Reading, MA (1967).

X. Intes, C. Maloux, M. Guven, B. Yazici, and B. Chance, “Diffuse optical tomography with physiological and spatial a priori constraints,” Phys. Med. Biol. 49, N155–N163 (2004).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

V. Ntziachristos, A. H. Hielscher, A. G. Yodh, and B. Chance, “Diffuse optical tomography of highly heterogeneous media,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging 20, 470–478 (2001).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. Chandrasekhar, Radiative Transfer, Clarendon, London (1950).

K. Liu, J. Tian, D. Liu, C-H. Qin, J-T. Liu, S-P. Zhu, Z-J. Chang, X. Yang, and M. Xu, “Spectrally resolved three dimension bioluminescence tomography with a level set strategy,” J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 27, 1413–1423 (2010).

[CrossRef]

Y-J. Lu, A. Douraghy, H. B. Machado, D. Stout, J. Tian, H. Herschman, and A. F. Chatziioannou, “Spectrally-resolved bioluminescence tomography with the three-order simplified spherical harmonics approximation,” Phys. Med. Biol. 50, 4225–4241 (2009).

G. Alexandrakis, F. R. Rannou, and A. F. Chatziioannou, “Tomographic bioluminescence imaging by use of a combined optical-PET (OPET) system: a computer simulation feasibility study,” Phys. Med. Biol. 50, 4225–4241 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. J. Chaudhari, F. Darvas, J. R. Bading, R. A. Moats, P. S. Conti, D. J. Smith, S. R. Cherry, and R. M. Leahy, “Hyperspectral and multispectral bioluminescence optical tomography for small animal imaging” Phys. Med. Biol. 50, 5421–5441 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. J. Chaudhari, F. Darvas, J. R. Bading, R. A. Moats, P. S. Conti, D. J. Smith, S. R. Cherry, and R. M. Leahy, “Hyperspectral and multispectral bioluminescence optical tomography for small animal imaging” Phys. Med. Biol. 50, 5421–5441 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Chu, K. Vishwanath, A. D. Klose, and H. Dehghani, “Light transport in biological tissue using three-dimensional frequency-domain simplified spherical harmonics equations,” Phys. Med. Biol. 54, 2493–2509 (2009).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Y-J. Lv, J. Tian, H. Li, W-X. Cong, G. Wang, W-X. Yang, C-H. Qin, and M. Xu, “Spectrally resolved bioluminescence tomography with adaptive finite element: methodology and simulation,” Phys. Med. Biol. 52, 4497–4512 (2007).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

H. Li, J. Tian, F-P. Zhu, W-X. Cong, L. V. Wang, E. A. Hoffman, and G. Wang, “A mouse optical simulation environment (MOSE) to investigate bioluminescent phenomena in the living mouse with the monte carlo method,” Acad. Radiol. 11, 1029–1038 (2005).

[CrossRef]

A. J. Chaudhari, F. Darvas, J. R. Bading, R. A. Moats, P. S. Conti, D. J. Smith, S. R. Cherry, and R. M. Leahy, “Hyperspectral and multispectral bioluminescence optical tomography for small animal imaging” Phys. Med. Biol. 50, 5421–5441 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

C. Kuo, O. Coquoz, T. L. Troy, H. Xu, and B. W. Rice, “Three-dimensional reconstruction of in vivo bioluminescent sources based on multispectral imaging,” J. Biomed. Opt. 12, 024007:1–12 (2007).

[CrossRef]

G-R. Yan, J. Tian, S-P. Zhu, Y-K. Dai, and C-H. Qin, “Fast cone-beam CT image reconstruction using GPU hardware,” J. X-Ray Sci. and Technol. 16, 225–234 (2008).

A. J. Chaudhari, F. Darvas, J. R. Bading, R. A. Moats, P. S. Conti, D. J. Smith, S. R. Cherry, and R. M. Leahy, “Hyperspectral and multispectral bioluminescence optical tomography for small animal imaging” Phys. Med. Biol. 50, 5421–5441 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Chu, K. Vishwanath, A. D. Klose, and H. Dehghani, “Light transport in biological tissue using three-dimensional frequency-domain simplified spherical harmonics equations,” Phys. Med. Biol. 54, 2493–2509 (2009).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

H. Dehghani, S. C. Davis, S. Jiang, B. W. Pogue, K. D. Paulsen, and M.S. Patterson, “Spectrally resolved bioluminescence optical tomography,” Opt. Lett. 31, 365–367 (2006).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

H. Dehghani, D. Delpy, and S. Arridge, “Photon migration in non-scattering tissue and the effects on image reconstruction,” Phys. Med. Biol. 44, 2897–2906 (1999).

[CrossRef]

H. Dehghani, D. Delpy, and S. Arridge, “Photon migration in non-scattering tissue and the effects on image reconstruction,” Phys. Med. Biol. 44, 2897–2906 (1999).

[CrossRef]

J. K. Willmann, N. van Bruggen, L. M. Dinkelborg, and S. S. Gambhir, “Molecular imaging in drug development,” Nat. Rev. Drug Discov. 7, 591–607 (2008).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

O. Dorn, “Transportłbacktransport method for optical tomography,” Inv. Prob. 14, 1107–1130 (1998).

[CrossRef]

Y-J. Lu, A. Douraghy, H. B. Machado, D. Stout, J. Tian, H. Herschman, and A. F. Chatziioannou, “Spectrally-resolved bioluminescence tomography with the three-order simplified spherical harmonics approximation,” Phys. Med. Biol. 50, 4225–4241 (2009).

S-P. Zhu, J. Tian, G-R. Yan, C-H. Qin, and J-C. Feng, “Cone beam micro-CT system for small animal imaging and performance evaluation,” Int. J. Biomed. Imaging 2009, doc. ID 960573 (2009).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. K. Willmann, N. van Bruggen, L. M. Dinkelborg, and S. S. Gambhir, “Molecular imaging in drug development,” Nat. Rev. Drug Discov. 7, 591–607 (2008).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Y. Lin, H. Gao, O. Nalcioglu, and G. Gulsen, “Fluorescence diffuse optical tomography with functional and anatomical a priori information: feasibility study,” Phys. Med. Biol. 52, 5569–5585 (2007).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Y. Lin, H. Gao, O. Nalcioglu, and G. Gulsen, “Fluorescence diffuse optical tomography with functional and anatomical a priori information: feasibility study,” Phys. Med. Biol. 52, 5569–5585 (2007).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

G. Gulsen, O. Birgul, M. B. Unlu, R. Shafiiha, and O. Nalcioglu, “Combined diffuse optical tomography (DOT) and MRI system for cancer imaging in small animals,” Technol. Cancer Res. Treat. 5, 351–363 (2006).

[PubMed]

X. Intes, C. Maloux, M. Guven, B. Yazici, and B. Chance, “Diffuse optical tomography with physiological and spatial a priori constraints,” Phys. Med. Biol. 49, N155–N163 (2004).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Y-J. Lu, A. Douraghy, H. B. Machado, D. Stout, J. Tian, H. Herschman, and A. F. Chatziioannou, “Spectrally-resolved bioluminescence tomography with the three-order simplified spherical harmonics approximation,” Phys. Med. Biol. 50, 4225–4241 (2009).

A. D. Klose, U. Netz, J. Beuthan, and A. H. Hielscher, “Optical tomography using the time-independent equation of radiative transfer: part 1. forward model,” J. Quant. Radiat. Spectrosc. Transfer 72, 691–713 (2002).

[CrossRef]

V. Ntziachristos, A. H. Hielscher, A. G. Yodh, and B. Chance, “Diffuse optical tomography of highly heterogeneous media,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging 20, 470–478 (2001).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. H. Hielscher, R. E. Alcouffe, and R. L. Barbour, “Comparison of finite-difference transport and diffusion calculations for photon migration in homogeneous and heterogeneous tissues,” Phys. Med. Biol. 43, 1285–1302 (1998).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

H. Li, J. Tian, F-P. Zhu, W-X. Cong, L. V. Wang, E. A. Hoffman, and G. Wang, “A mouse optical simulation environment (MOSE) to investigate bioluminescent phenomena in the living mouse with the monte carlo method,” Acad. Radiol. 11, 1029–1038 (2005).

[CrossRef]

Z. Yuan, X-H. Hu, and H-B Jiang, “A higher order diffusion model for three-dimensional photon migration and image reconstruction in optical tomography,” Phys. Med. Biol. 54, 65–88 (2009).

[CrossRef]

D. Hyde, R. Kleine, S. A. MacLaurin, E. Miller, D. H. Brooks, T. Krucker, and V. Ntziachristos, “Hybrid FMT-CT imaging of amyloid-β plaques in a murine Alzheimer's disease model,” NeuroImage 44, 1304–1311 (2009).

[CrossRef]

X. Intes, C. Maloux, M. Guven, B. Yazici, and B. Chance, “Diffuse optical tomography with physiological and spatial a priori constraints,” Phys. Med. Biol. 49, N155–N163 (2004).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Z. Yuan, X-H. Hu, and H-B Jiang, “A higher order diffusion model for three-dimensional photon migration and image reconstruction in optical tomography,” Phys. Med. Biol. 54, 65–88 (2009).

[CrossRef]

M. Jiang and G. Wang, “Image reconstruction for bioluminescence tomography,” Proc. SPIE 5535, 335–351 (2004).

[CrossRef]

D. Hyde, R. Kleine, S. A. MacLaurin, E. Miller, D. H. Brooks, T. Krucker, and V. Ntziachristos, “Hybrid FMT-CT imaging of amyloid-β plaques in a murine Alzheimer's disease model,” NeuroImage 44, 1304–1311 (2009).

[CrossRef]

M. Chu, K. Vishwanath, A. D. Klose, and H. Dehghani, “Light transport in biological tissue using three-dimensional frequency-domain simplified spherical harmonics equations,” Phys. Med. Biol. 54, 2493–2509 (2009).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. D. Klose and E. W. Larsen, “Light transport in biological tissue based on the simplified spherical harmonics equations,” J. Comput. Phys. 220, 441–470 (2006).

[CrossRef]

A. D. Klose, U. Netz, J. Beuthan, and A. H. Hielscher, “Optical tomography using the time-independent equation of radiative transfer: part 1. forward model,” J. Quant. Radiat. Spectrosc. Transfer 72, 691–713 (2002).

[CrossRef]

Y. Boykov and V. Kolmogorov, “An experimental comparison of min-cut/max-flow algorithms for energy minimization in vision,” IEEE Trans. Patt. Anal. and Mach. Intell. 26, 1124–1137 (2004).

[CrossRef]

D. Hyde, R. Kleine, S. A. MacLaurin, E. Miller, D. H. Brooks, T. Krucker, and V. Ntziachristos, “Hybrid FMT-CT imaging of amyloid-β plaques in a murine Alzheimer's disease model,” NeuroImage 44, 1304–1311 (2009).

[CrossRef]

C. Kuo, O. Coquoz, T. L. Troy, H. Xu, and B. W. Rice, “Three-dimensional reconstruction of in vivo bioluminescent sources based on multispectral imaging,” J. Biomed. Opt. 12, 024007:1–12 (2007).

[CrossRef]

A. D. Klose and E. W. Larsen, “Light transport in biological tissue based on the simplified spherical harmonics equations,” J. Comput. Phys. 220, 441–470 (2006).

[CrossRef]

A. J. Chaudhari, F. Darvas, J. R. Bading, R. A. Moats, P. S. Conti, D. J. Smith, S. R. Cherry, and R. M. Leahy, “Hyperspectral and multispectral bioluminescence optical tomography for small animal imaging” Phys. Med. Biol. 50, 5421–5441 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

N. V. Slavine, M. A. Lewis, E. Richer, and P. P. Antich, “Iterative reconstruction method for light emitting sources based on the diffusion equation,” Med. Phys. 33, 61–68 (2006).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Y-J. Lv, J. Tian, H. Li, W-X. Cong, G. Wang, W-X. Yang, C-H. Qin, and M. Xu, “Spectrally resolved bioluminescence tomography with adaptive finite element: methodology and simulation,” Phys. Med. Biol. 52, 4497–4512 (2007).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

H. Li, J. Tian, F-P. Zhu, W-X. Cong, L. V. Wang, E. A. Hoffman, and G. Wang, “A mouse optical simulation environment (MOSE) to investigate bioluminescent phenomena in the living mouse with the monte carlo method,” Acad. Radiol. 11, 1029–1038 (2005).

[CrossRef]

J. Tian, J. Bai, X-P. Yan, S-L. Bao, Y-H. Li, W. Liang, and X. Yang, “Multimodality molecular imaging,” IEEE Eng. Med. Biol. 27, 48–57 (2008).

J. Tian, J. Bai, X-P. Yan, S-L. Bao, Y-H. Li, W. Liang, and X. Yang, “Multimodality molecular imaging,” IEEE Eng. Med. Biol. 27, 48–57 (2008).

Y. Lin, H. Gao, O. Nalcioglu, and G. Gulsen, “Fluorescence diffuse optical tomography with functional and anatomical a priori information: feasibility study,” Phys. Med. Biol. 52, 5569–5585 (2007).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

K. Liu, J. Tian, D. Liu, C-H. Qin, J-T. Liu, S-P. Zhu, Z-J. Chang, X. Yang, and M. Xu, “Spectrally resolved three dimension bioluminescence tomography with a level set strategy,” J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 27, 1413–1423 (2010).

[CrossRef]

K. Liu, J. Tian, D. Liu, C-H. Qin, J-T. Liu, S-P. Zhu, Z-J. Chang, X. Yang, and M. Xu, “Spectrally resolved three dimension bioluminescence tomography with a level set strategy,” J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 27, 1413–1423 (2010).

[CrossRef]

K. Liu, J. Tian, D. Liu, C-H. Qin, J-T. Liu, S-P. Zhu, Z-J. Chang, X. Yang, and M. Xu, “Spectrally resolved three dimension bioluminescence tomography with a level set strategy,” J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 27, 1413–1423 (2010).

[CrossRef]

Y-J. Lu, A. Douraghy, H. B. Machado, D. Stout, J. Tian, H. Herschman, and A. F. Chatziioannou, “Spectrally-resolved bioluminescence tomography with the three-order simplified spherical harmonics approximation,” Phys. Med. Biol. 50, 4225–4241 (2009).

Y-J. Lv, J. Tian, H. Li, W-X. Cong, G. Wang, W-X. Yang, C-H. Qin, and M. Xu, “Spectrally resolved bioluminescence tomography with adaptive finite element: methodology and simulation,” Phys. Med. Biol. 52, 4497–4512 (2007).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Y-J. Lu, A. Douraghy, H. B. Machado, D. Stout, J. Tian, H. Herschman, and A. F. Chatziioannou, “Spectrally-resolved bioluminescence tomography with the three-order simplified spherical harmonics approximation,” Phys. Med. Biol. 50, 4225–4241 (2009).

D. Hyde, R. Kleine, S. A. MacLaurin, E. Miller, D. H. Brooks, T. Krucker, and V. Ntziachristos, “Hybrid FMT-CT imaging of amyloid-β plaques in a murine Alzheimer's disease model,” NeuroImage 44, 1304–1311 (2009).

[CrossRef]

X. Intes, C. Maloux, M. Guven, B. Yazici, and B. Chance, “Diffuse optical tomography with physiological and spatial a priori constraints,” Phys. Med. Biol. 49, N155–N163 (2004).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

D. Hyde, R. Kleine, S. A. MacLaurin, E. Miller, D. H. Brooks, T. Krucker, and V. Ntziachristos, “Hybrid FMT-CT imaging of amyloid-β plaques in a murine Alzheimer's disease model,” NeuroImage 44, 1304–1311 (2009).

[CrossRef]

A. J. Chaudhari, F. Darvas, J. R. Bading, R. A. Moats, P. S. Conti, D. J. Smith, S. R. Cherry, and R. M. Leahy, “Hyperspectral and multispectral bioluminescence optical tomography for small animal imaging” Phys. Med. Biol. 50, 5421–5441 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Y. Lin, H. Gao, O. Nalcioglu, and G. Gulsen, “Fluorescence diffuse optical tomography with functional and anatomical a priori information: feasibility study,” Phys. Med. Biol. 52, 5569–5585 (2007).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

G. Gulsen, O. Birgul, M. B. Unlu, R. Shafiiha, and O. Nalcioglu, “Combined diffuse optical tomography (DOT) and MRI system for cancer imaging in small animals,” Technol. Cancer Res. Treat. 5, 351–363 (2006).

[PubMed]

B. W. Rice, M. D. Cable, and M. B. Nelson, “In vivo imaging of lightemitting probes,” J. Biomed. Opt. 6, 432–440 (2001).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. D. Klose, U. Netz, J. Beuthan, and A. H. Hielscher, “Optical tomography using the time-independent equation of radiative transfer: part 1. forward model,” J. Quant. Radiat. Spectrosc. Transfer 72, 691–713 (2002).

[CrossRef]

D. Hyde, R. Kleine, S. A. MacLaurin, E. Miller, D. H. Brooks, T. Krucker, and V. Ntziachristos, “Hybrid FMT-CT imaging of amyloid-β plaques in a murine Alzheimer's disease model,” NeuroImage 44, 1304–1311 (2009).

[CrossRef]

V. Ntziachristos, J. Ripoll, L. V. Wang, and R. Weisslder, “Looking and listening to light: the evolution of whole body photonic imaging,” Nat. Biotechnol. 23, 313–320 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

R. Weissleder and V. Ntziachristos, “Shedding light onto live molecular targets,” Nat. Med. 9, 123–128 (2003).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

V. Ntziachristos, A. H. Hielscher, A. G. Yodh, and B. Chance, “Diffuse optical tomography of highly heterogeneous media,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging 20, 470–478 (2001).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

R. Weissleder and M. J. Pittet, “Imaging in the era of molecular oncology,” Nature 452, 580–589 (2008).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

K. Liu, J. Tian, D. Liu, C-H. Qin, J-T. Liu, S-P. Zhu, Z-J. Chang, X. Yang, and M. Xu, “Spectrally resolved three dimension bioluminescence tomography with a level set strategy,” J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 27, 1413–1423 (2010).

[CrossRef]

S-P. Zhu, J. Tian, G-R. Yan, C-H. Qin, and J-C. Feng, “Cone beam micro-CT system for small animal imaging and performance evaluation,” Int. J. Biomed. Imaging 2009, doc. ID 960573 (2009).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

G-R. Yan, J. Tian, S-P. Zhu, Y-K. Dai, and C-H. Qin, “Fast cone-beam CT image reconstruction using GPU hardware,” J. X-Ray Sci. and Technol. 16, 225–234 (2008).

Y-J. Lv, J. Tian, H. Li, W-X. Cong, G. Wang, W-X. Yang, C-H. Qin, and M. Xu, “Spectrally resolved bioluminescence tomography with adaptive finite element: methodology and simulation,” Phys. Med. Biol. 52, 4497–4512 (2007).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

G. Alexandrakis, F. R. Rannou, and A. F. Chatziioannou, “Tomographic bioluminescence imaging by use of a combined optical-PET (OPET) system: a computer simulation feasibility study,” Phys. Med. Biol. 50, 4225–4241 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

C. Kuo, O. Coquoz, T. L. Troy, H. Xu, and B. W. Rice, “Three-dimensional reconstruction of in vivo bioluminescent sources based on multispectral imaging,” J. Biomed. Opt. 12, 024007:1–12 (2007).

[CrossRef]

B. W. Rice, M. D. Cable, and M. B. Nelson, “In vivo imaging of lightemitting probes,” J. Biomed. Opt. 6, 432–440 (2001).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

N. V. Slavine, M. A. Lewis, E. Richer, and P. P. Antich, “Iterative reconstruction method for light emitting sources based on the diffusion equation,” Med. Phys. 33, 61–68 (2006).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

V. Ntziachristos, J. Ripoll, L. V. Wang, and R. Weisslder, “Looking and listening to light: the evolution of whole body photonic imaging,” Nat. Biotechnol. 23, 313–320 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. Wright, M. Schweiger, and S. R. Arridge, “Reconstruction in optical tomography using the PN approximations,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 18, 79–86 (2007).

[CrossRef]

S. C. Brenner and L. C. Scott, The mathematical Theory of Finite Element Methods, Springer-Verlag, New York (1994).

G. Gulsen, O. Birgul, M. B. Unlu, R. Shafiiha, and O. Nalcioglu, “Combined diffuse optical tomography (DOT) and MRI system for cancer imaging in small animals,” Technol. Cancer Res. Treat. 5, 351–363 (2006).

[PubMed]

N. V. Slavine, M. A. Lewis, E. Richer, and P. P. Antich, “Iterative reconstruction method for light emitting sources based on the diffusion equation,” Med. Phys. 33, 61–68 (2006).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. J. Chaudhari, F. Darvas, J. R. Bading, R. A. Moats, P. S. Conti, D. J. Smith, S. R. Cherry, and R. M. Leahy, “Hyperspectral and multispectral bioluminescence optical tomography for small animal imaging” Phys. Med. Biol. 50, 5421–5441 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Y-J. Lu, A. Douraghy, H. B. Machado, D. Stout, J. Tian, H. Herschman, and A. F. Chatziioannou, “Spectrally-resolved bioluminescence tomography with the three-order simplified spherical harmonics approximation,” Phys. Med. Biol. 50, 4225–4241 (2009).

K. Liu, J. Tian, D. Liu, C-H. Qin, J-T. Liu, S-P. Zhu, Z-J. Chang, X. Yang, and M. Xu, “Spectrally resolved three dimension bioluminescence tomography with a level set strategy,” J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 27, 1413–1423 (2010).

[CrossRef]

Y-J. Lu, A. Douraghy, H. B. Machado, D. Stout, J. Tian, H. Herschman, and A. F. Chatziioannou, “Spectrally-resolved bioluminescence tomography with the three-order simplified spherical harmonics approximation,” Phys. Med. Biol. 50, 4225–4241 (2009).

S-P. Zhu, J. Tian, G-R. Yan, C-H. Qin, and J-C. Feng, “Cone beam micro-CT system for small animal imaging and performance evaluation,” Int. J. Biomed. Imaging 2009, doc. ID 960573 (2009).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

G-R. Yan, J. Tian, S-P. Zhu, Y-K. Dai, and C-H. Qin, “Fast cone-beam CT image reconstruction using GPU hardware,” J. X-Ray Sci. and Technol. 16, 225–234 (2008).

J. Tian, J. Bai, X-P. Yan, S-L. Bao, Y-H. Li, W. Liang, and X. Yang, “Multimodality molecular imaging,” IEEE Eng. Med. Biol. 27, 48–57 (2008).

Y-J. Lv, J. Tian, H. Li, W-X. Cong, G. Wang, W-X. Yang, C-H. Qin, and M. Xu, “Spectrally resolved bioluminescence tomography with adaptive finite element: methodology and simulation,” Phys. Med. Biol. 52, 4497–4512 (2007).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

H. Li, J. Tian, F-P. Zhu, W-X. Cong, L. V. Wang, E. A. Hoffman, and G. Wang, “A mouse optical simulation environment (MOSE) to investigate bioluminescent phenomena in the living mouse with the monte carlo method,” Acad. Radiol. 11, 1029–1038 (2005).

[CrossRef]

C. Kuo, O. Coquoz, T. L. Troy, H. Xu, and B. W. Rice, “Three-dimensional reconstruction of in vivo bioluminescent sources based on multispectral imaging,” J. Biomed. Opt. 12, 024007:1–12 (2007).

[CrossRef]

G. Gulsen, O. Birgul, M. B. Unlu, R. Shafiiha, and O. Nalcioglu, “Combined diffuse optical tomography (DOT) and MRI system for cancer imaging in small animals,” Technol. Cancer Res. Treat. 5, 351–363 (2006).

[PubMed]

J. K. Willmann, N. van Bruggen, L. M. Dinkelborg, and S. S. Gambhir, “Molecular imaging in drug development,” Nat. Rev. Drug Discov. 7, 591–607 (2008).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Chu, K. Vishwanath, A. D. Klose, and H. Dehghani, “Light transport in biological tissue using three-dimensional frequency-domain simplified spherical harmonics equations,” Phys. Med. Biol. 54, 2493–2509 (2009).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Y-J. Lv, J. Tian, H. Li, W-X. Cong, G. Wang, W-X. Yang, C-H. Qin, and M. Xu, “Spectrally resolved bioluminescence tomography with adaptive finite element: methodology and simulation,” Phys. Med. Biol. 52, 4497–4512 (2007).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

H. Li, J. Tian, F-P. Zhu, W-X. Cong, L. V. Wang, E. A. Hoffman, and G. Wang, “A mouse optical simulation environment (MOSE) to investigate bioluminescent phenomena in the living mouse with the monte carlo method,” Acad. Radiol. 11, 1029–1038 (2005).

[CrossRef]

M. Jiang and G. Wang, “Image reconstruction for bioluminescence tomography,” Proc. SPIE 5535, 335–351 (2004).

[CrossRef]

V. Ntziachristos, J. Ripoll, L. V. Wang, and R. Weisslder, “Looking and listening to light: the evolution of whole body photonic imaging,” Nat. Biotechnol. 23, 313–320 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

H. Li, J. Tian, F-P. Zhu, W-X. Cong, L. V. Wang, E. A. Hoffman, and G. Wang, “A mouse optical simulation environment (MOSE) to investigate bioluminescent phenomena in the living mouse with the monte carlo method,” Acad. Radiol. 11, 1029–1038 (2005).

[CrossRef]

V. Ntziachristos, J. Ripoll, L. V. Wang, and R. Weisslder, “Looking and listening to light: the evolution of whole body photonic imaging,” Nat. Biotechnol. 23, 313–320 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

R. Weissleder and M. J. Pittet, “Imaging in the era of molecular oncology,” Nature 452, 580–589 (2008).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

R. Weissleder and V. Ntziachristos, “Shedding light onto live molecular targets,” Nat. Med. 9, 123–128 (2003).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. K. Willmann, N. van Bruggen, L. M. Dinkelborg, and S. S. Gambhir, “Molecular imaging in drug development,” Nat. Rev. Drug Discov. 7, 591–607 (2008).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. Wright, M. Schweiger, and S. R. Arridge, “Reconstruction in optical tomography using the PN approximations,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 18, 79–86 (2007).

[CrossRef]

C. Kuo, O. Coquoz, T. L. Troy, H. Xu, and B. W. Rice, “Three-dimensional reconstruction of in vivo bioluminescent sources based on multispectral imaging,” J. Biomed. Opt. 12, 024007:1–12 (2007).

[CrossRef]

K. Liu, J. Tian, D. Liu, C-H. Qin, J-T. Liu, S-P. Zhu, Z-J. Chang, X. Yang, and M. Xu, “Spectrally resolved three dimension bioluminescence tomography with a level set strategy,” J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 27, 1413–1423 (2010).

[CrossRef]

Y-J. Lv, J. Tian, H. Li, W-X. Cong, G. Wang, W-X. Yang, C-H. Qin, and M. Xu, “Spectrally resolved bioluminescence tomography with adaptive finite element: methodology and simulation,” Phys. Med. Biol. 52, 4497–4512 (2007).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S-P. Zhu, J. Tian, G-R. Yan, C-H. Qin, and J-C. Feng, “Cone beam micro-CT system for small animal imaging and performance evaluation,” Int. J. Biomed. Imaging 2009, doc. ID 960573 (2009).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

G-R. Yan, J. Tian, S-P. Zhu, Y-K. Dai, and C-H. Qin, “Fast cone-beam CT image reconstruction using GPU hardware,” J. X-Ray Sci. and Technol. 16, 225–234 (2008).

J. Tian, J. Bai, X-P. Yan, S-L. Bao, Y-H. Li, W. Liang, and X. Yang, “Multimodality molecular imaging,” IEEE Eng. Med. Biol. 27, 48–57 (2008).

Y-J. Lv, J. Tian, H. Li, W-X. Cong, G. Wang, W-X. Yang, C-H. Qin, and M. Xu, “Spectrally resolved bioluminescence tomography with adaptive finite element: methodology and simulation,” Phys. Med. Biol. 52, 4497–4512 (2007).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

K. Liu, J. Tian, D. Liu, C-H. Qin, J-T. Liu, S-P. Zhu, Z-J. Chang, X. Yang, and M. Xu, “Spectrally resolved three dimension bioluminescence tomography with a level set strategy,” J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 27, 1413–1423 (2010).

[CrossRef]

J. Tian, J. Bai, X-P. Yan, S-L. Bao, Y-H. Li, W. Liang, and X. Yang, “Multimodality molecular imaging,” IEEE Eng. Med. Biol. 27, 48–57 (2008).

X. Intes, C. Maloux, M. Guven, B. Yazici, and B. Chance, “Diffuse optical tomography with physiological and spatial a priori constraints,” Phys. Med. Biol. 49, N155–N163 (2004).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

V. Ntziachristos, A. H. Hielscher, A. G. Yodh, and B. Chance, “Diffuse optical tomography of highly heterogeneous media,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging 20, 470–478 (2001).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Z. Yuan, X-H. Hu, and H-B Jiang, “A higher order diffusion model for three-dimensional photon migration and image reconstruction in optical tomography,” Phys. Med. Biol. 54, 65–88 (2009).

[CrossRef]

H. Li, J. Tian, F-P. Zhu, W-X. Cong, L. V. Wang, E. A. Hoffman, and G. Wang, “A mouse optical simulation environment (MOSE) to investigate bioluminescent phenomena in the living mouse with the monte carlo method,” Acad. Radiol. 11, 1029–1038 (2005).

[CrossRef]

K. Liu, J. Tian, D. Liu, C-H. Qin, J-T. Liu, S-P. Zhu, Z-J. Chang, X. Yang, and M. Xu, “Spectrally resolved three dimension bioluminescence tomography with a level set strategy,” J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 27, 1413–1423 (2010).

[CrossRef]

S-P. Zhu, J. Tian, G-R. Yan, C-H. Qin, and J-C. Feng, “Cone beam micro-CT system for small animal imaging and performance evaluation,” Int. J. Biomed. Imaging 2009, doc. ID 960573 (2009).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

G-R. Yan, J. Tian, S-P. Zhu, Y-K. Dai, and C-H. Qin, “Fast cone-beam CT image reconstruction using GPU hardware,” J. X-Ray Sci. and Technol. 16, 225–234 (2008).

K. M. Case and P. F. Zweifel, Linear Transport Theory, Addison-Wesley, Reading, MA (1967).

H. Li, J. Tian, F-P. Zhu, W-X. Cong, L. V. Wang, E. A. Hoffman, and G. Wang, “A mouse optical simulation environment (MOSE) to investigate bioluminescent phenomena in the living mouse with the monte carlo method,” Acad. Radiol. 11, 1029–1038 (2005).

[CrossRef]

J. Tian, J. Bai, X-P. Yan, S-L. Bao, Y-H. Li, W. Liang, and X. Yang, “Multimodality molecular imaging,” IEEE Eng. Med. Biol. 27, 48–57 (2008).

V. Ntziachristos, A. H. Hielscher, A. G. Yodh, and B. Chance, “Diffuse optical tomography of highly heterogeneous media,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging 20, 470–478 (2001).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Y. Boykov and V. Kolmogorov, “An experimental comparison of min-cut/max-flow algorithms for energy minimization in vision,” IEEE Trans. Patt. Anal. and Mach. Intell. 26, 1124–1137 (2004).

[CrossRef]

S-P. Zhu, J. Tian, G-R. Yan, C-H. Qin, and J-C. Feng, “Cone beam micro-CT system for small animal imaging and performance evaluation,” Int. J. Biomed. Imaging 2009, doc. ID 960573 (2009).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. R. Arridge, “Optical tomography in medical imaging,” Inv. Prob. 15, R41–R93 (1999).

[CrossRef]

O. Dorn, “Transportłbacktransport method for optical tomography,” Inv. Prob. 14, 1107–1130 (1998).

[CrossRef]

B. W. Rice, M. D. Cable, and M. B. Nelson, “In vivo imaging of lightemitting probes,” J. Biomed. Opt. 6, 432–440 (2001).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

C. Kuo, O. Coquoz, T. L. Troy, H. Xu, and B. W. Rice, “Three-dimensional reconstruction of in vivo bioluminescent sources based on multispectral imaging,” J. Biomed. Opt. 12, 024007:1–12 (2007).

[CrossRef]

A. D. Klose and E. W. Larsen, “Light transport in biological tissue based on the simplified spherical harmonics equations,” J. Comput. Phys. 220, 441–470 (2006).

[CrossRef]

K. Liu, J. Tian, D. Liu, C-H. Qin, J-T. Liu, S-P. Zhu, Z-J. Chang, X. Yang, and M. Xu, “Spectrally resolved three dimension bioluminescence tomography with a level set strategy,” J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 27, 1413–1423 (2010).

[CrossRef]

A. D. Klose, U. Netz, J. Beuthan, and A. H. Hielscher, “Optical tomography using the time-independent equation of radiative transfer: part 1. forward model,” J. Quant. Radiat. Spectrosc. Transfer 72, 691–713 (2002).

[CrossRef]

G-R. Yan, J. Tian, S-P. Zhu, Y-K. Dai, and C-H. Qin, “Fast cone-beam CT image reconstruction using GPU hardware,” J. X-Ray Sci. and Technol. 16, 225–234 (2008).

S. Wright, M. Schweiger, and S. R. Arridge, “Reconstruction in optical tomography using the PN approximations,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 18, 79–86 (2007).

[CrossRef]

N. V. Slavine, M. A. Lewis, E. Richer, and P. P. Antich, “Iterative reconstruction method for light emitting sources based on the diffusion equation,” Med. Phys. 33, 61–68 (2006).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

V. Ntziachristos, J. Ripoll, L. V. Wang, and R. Weisslder, “Looking and listening to light: the evolution of whole body photonic imaging,” Nat. Biotechnol. 23, 313–320 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

R. Weissleder and V. Ntziachristos, “Shedding light onto live molecular targets,” Nat. Med. 9, 123–128 (2003).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. K. Willmann, N. van Bruggen, L. M. Dinkelborg, and S. S. Gambhir, “Molecular imaging in drug development,” Nat. Rev. Drug Discov. 7, 591–607 (2008).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

R. Weissleder and M. J. Pittet, “Imaging in the era of molecular oncology,” Nature 452, 580–589 (2008).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

D. Hyde, R. Kleine, S. A. MacLaurin, E. Miller, D. H. Brooks, T. Krucker, and V. Ntziachristos, “Hybrid FMT-CT imaging of amyloid-β plaques in a murine Alzheimer's disease model,” NeuroImage 44, 1304–1311 (2009).

[CrossRef]

A. H. Hielscher, R. E. Alcouffe, and R. L. Barbour, “Comparison of finite-difference transport and diffusion calculations for photon migration in homogeneous and heterogeneous tissues,” Phys. Med. Biol. 43, 1285–1302 (1998).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Y. Lin, H. Gao, O. Nalcioglu, and G. Gulsen, “Fluorescence diffuse optical tomography with functional and anatomical a priori information: feasibility study,” Phys. Med. Biol. 52, 5569–5585 (2007).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

H. Dehghani, D. Delpy, and S. Arridge, “Photon migration in non-scattering tissue and the effects on image reconstruction,” Phys. Med. Biol. 44, 2897–2906 (1999).

[CrossRef]

M. Chu, K. Vishwanath, A. D. Klose, and H. Dehghani, “Light transport in biological tissue using three-dimensional frequency-domain simplified spherical harmonics equations,” Phys. Med. Biol. 54, 2493–2509 (2009).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Y-J. Lu, A. Douraghy, H. B. Machado, D. Stout, J. Tian, H. Herschman, and A. F. Chatziioannou, “Spectrally-resolved bioluminescence tomography with the three-order simplified spherical harmonics approximation,” Phys. Med. Biol. 50, 4225–4241 (2009).

X. Intes, C. Maloux, M. Guven, B. Yazici, and B. Chance, “Diffuse optical tomography with physiological and spatial a priori constraints,” Phys. Med. Biol. 49, N155–N163 (2004).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Y-J. Lv, J. Tian, H. Li, W-X. Cong, G. Wang, W-X. Yang, C-H. Qin, and M. Xu, “Spectrally resolved bioluminescence tomography with adaptive finite element: methodology and simulation,” Phys. Med. Biol. 52, 4497–4512 (2007).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

G. Alexandrakis, F. R. Rannou, and A. F. Chatziioannou, “Tomographic bioluminescence imaging by use of a combined optical-PET (OPET) system: a computer simulation feasibility study,” Phys. Med. Biol. 50, 4225–4241 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. J. Chaudhari, F. Darvas, J. R. Bading, R. A. Moats, P. S. Conti, D. J. Smith, S. R. Cherry, and R. M. Leahy, “Hyperspectral and multispectral bioluminescence optical tomography for small animal imaging” Phys. Med. Biol. 50, 5421–5441 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Z. Yuan, X-H. Hu, and H-B Jiang, “A higher order diffusion model for three-dimensional photon migration and image reconstruction in optical tomography,” Phys. Med. Biol. 54, 65–88 (2009).

[CrossRef]

M. Jiang and G. Wang, “Image reconstruction for bioluminescence tomography,” Proc. SPIE 5535, 335–351 (2004).

[CrossRef]

G. Gulsen, O. Birgul, M. B. Unlu, R. Shafiiha, and O. Nalcioglu, “Combined diffuse optical tomography (DOT) and MRI system for cancer imaging in small animals,” Technol. Cancer Res. Treat. 5, 351–363 (2006).

[PubMed]

Y-J. Lv, J. Tian, G. Wang, W-X. Cong, J. Luo, W. Yang, and H. Li, “A multilevel adaptive finite element algorithm for bioluminescence tomography,” Opt. Express14, 8211–8223 (2006), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-18-8211 .

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

K. Liu, J. Tian, Y-J. Lu, C-H. Qin, S-P. Zhu, and X. Zhang, “A fast bioluminescent source localization method based on generalized graph cuts with mouse model validations,” Opt. Express18, 3732–3745 (2010), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?uri=oe-18-4-3732 .

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Y-J. Lu, H. B. Machado, A. Douraghy, D. Stout, H. Herschman, and A. F. Chatziioannou, “Experimental bioluminescence tomography with fully parallel radiative-transfer-based reconstruction framework,” Opt. Express17, 16681–16695 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-19-16681 .

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. C. Brenner and L. C. Scott, The mathematical Theory of Finite Element Methods, Springer-Verlag, New York (1994).

W-X. Cong, G. Wang, D. Kumar, Y. Liu, M. Jiang, L. V. Wang, E. Hoffman, G. McLennan, P. McCray, J. Zabner, and A. Cong, “Practical reconstruction method for bioluminescence tomography,” Opt. Express13, 6756–6771 (2005), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?id=140930 .

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

K. M. Case and P. F. Zweifel, Linear Transport Theory, Addison-Wesley, Reading, MA (1967).

H. B. Jiang, “Optical image reconstruction based on the third-order diffusion equations,” Opt. Express4, 241–246 (1999), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?uri=oe-4-8-241 .

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

G. Wang, W-X. Cong, K. Durairaj, X. Qian, H-O. Shen, P. Sinn, E. Hoffman, G. McLennan, and M. Henry, “In vivo mouse studies with bioluminescence tomography,” Opt. Express14, 7801–7809 (2006), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-17-7801 .

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. Chandrasekhar, Radiative Transfer, Clarendon, London (1950).

S. A. Prahl, Oregon Medical Laser Clinic, 2001, http://omlc.ogi.edu/spectra/index.html .

C-H. Qin, J. Tian, X. Yang, K. Liu, G-R. Yan, J-C. Feng, Y-J. Lv, and M. Xu, “Galerkin-based meshless methods for photon transport in the biological tissue,” Opt. Express16, 20317–20333 (2008), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-25-20317 .

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]