Abstract

The impact of the inherent optical properties (IOP) variability on the chlorophyll, Chl, retrieval from ocean color remote sensing algorithms is analyzed from an in situ data set covering a large dynamic range. The effect of the variability of the specific phytoplankton absorption coefficient, a phy/Chl, specific particulate backscattering coefficient, b bp/Chl, and colored detrital matter absorption to non-water absorption ratio, a cdm/anw, on the performance of standard operational algorithms is examined. This study confirms that empirical algorithms are highly dependent on the specifics IOP values (especially b bp/Chl and a cdm/anw): Chl is over-estimated in waters with specific IOP values higher than averaged values, and vice versa. These results clearly indicate the necessity to account for the influence of the specific IOP variability in Chl retrieval algorithms.

© 2010 OSA

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. J. E. O'Reilly, S. Maritorena, B. G. Mitchell, D. A. Siegel, K. L. Carder, S. A. Garver, M. Kahru, and C. R. McClain, “Ocean color chlorophyll algorithms for SeaWiFS,” J. Geophys. Res. 103(C11), 24,937–24,953 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  2. T. S. Moore, J. W. Campbell, and M. D. Dowell, “A class-based approach to characterizing and mapping the uncertainty of the MODIS ocean chlorophyll product,” Remote Sens. Environ. 113(11), 2424–2430 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  3. B. G. Mitchell and O. Holm-Hansen, “Bio-optical properties of Antarctic Peninsula waters: Differentiation from temperate ocean models,” Deep-Sea Res. 38(8-9), 1009–1028 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. Bricaud, H. Claustre, J. Ras, and K. Oubelkheir, “Natural variability of phytoplankton absorption in oceanic waters: Influence of the size structure of algal populations,” J. Geophys. Res. 109(C11), C11010 (2004), doi:.
    [CrossRef]
  5. W. M. Balch, K. Kilpatrick, P. M. Holligan, D. Harbour, and E. Fernandez, “The 1991 coccolithophore bloom in the central north Atlantic II: relating optics to coccolith concentration,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 41(8), 1684–1696 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  6. W. M. Balch, H. R. Gordon, B. C. Bowler, D. T. Drapeau, and E. S. Booth, “Calcium carbonate measurements in the surface global ocean based on Moderate-Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer data,” J. Geophys. Res. 110(C7), C07001 (2005), doi:.
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. Alvain, C. Moulin, Y. Dandonneau, H. Loisel, and F. M. Bréon, “A species-dependent bio-optical model of case 1 waters for global ocean color processing,” Deep Sea Res. Part II Top. Stud. Oceanogr. 53, 917–925 (2006).
  8. M. Stramska, D. Stramski, S. Kaczmarek, D. B. Allison, and J. Schwarz, “Seasonal and regional differentiation of bio-optical properties within the north polar Atlantic,” J. Geophys. Res. 111(C8), C08003 (2006), doi:.
    [CrossRef]
  9. K. L. Carder, S. K. Hawes, K. A. Baker, R. C. Smith, R. G. Steward, and B. G. Mitchell, “Reflectance model for quantifying chlorophyll-a in the presence of productivity degradation products,” J. Geophys. Res. 96(C11), 20599–20611 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  10. D. A. Siegel, S. Maritorena, N. B. Nelson, M. J. Behrenfeld, and C. R. McClain, “Colored dissolved organic matter and its influence on the satellite-based characterization of the ocean biosphere,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32(20), L20605 (2005), doi:.
    [CrossRef]
  11. A. Morel and B. Gentili, “The dissolved yellow substance and the shades of blue in the Mediterranean Sea,” Biogeosciences 6(11), 2625–2636 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  12. C. A. Brown, Y. Huot, P. J. Werdell, B. Gentili, and H. Claustre, “The origin and global distribution of second order variability in satellite ocean color and its potential applications to algorithm development,” Remote Sens. Environ. 112(12), 4186–4203 (2008), doi:.
    [CrossRef]
  13. P. J. Werdell and S. W. Bailey, “An improved in situ bio-optical data set for ocean color algorithm development and satellite data product validation,” Remote Sens. Environ. 98(1), 122–140 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  14. H. Loisel, X. Mériaux, A. Poteau, L. F. Artigas, B. Lubac, A. Gardel, J. Caillaud, and S. Lesourd, “Analyze of the inherent optical properties of French Guiana coastal waters for remote sensing applications,” J. Coast. Res. SI 56, 1532–1536 (2009).
  15. B. Lubac and H. Loisel, “Variability and classification of remote sensing reflectance spectra in the eastern English Channel and southern North Sea,” Remote Sens. Environ. 110(1), 45–58 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  16. A. Bricaud, M. Babin, A. Morel, and H. Claustre, “Variability in the chlorophyll-specific absorptioncoefficients of natural phytoplankton - analysis and parameterization,” J. Geophys. Res. 100(C7), 13321–13332 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  17. R. A. Reynolds, D. Stramski, and B. G. Mitchell, “A chlorophyll-dependent semianalytical reflectance model derived from field measurements of absorption and backscattering coefficients within the Southern Ocean,” J. Geophys. Res. 106(C4), 7125–7138 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  18. Y. Huot, A. Morel, M. S. Twardowski, D. Stramski, and R. A. Reynolds, “Particle optical scattering along a chlorophyll gradient in the upper layer of the eastern South Pacific Ocean,” Biogeosciences 5(2), 495–507 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  19. H. R. Gordon, and A. Morel, “Remote assessment of ocean color for satellite visible imagery. A review, “p. 1-114. In R. T. Barber, C. N. K. Mooers, M. J. Bowman, and B. Zeizschel [eds.]. Lecture notes on coastal and estuarines studies. Springer-Verlag (1983).
  20. H. Loisel and A. Morel, “Light scattering and chlorophyll concentration in case 1 waters: A re-examination,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 43(5), 847–858 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  21. D. A. Siegel, S. Maritorena, N. B. Nelson, and M. J. Behrenfeld, “Independence and Interdependencies Among Global Ocean Color Properties: Reassessing the Bio-Optical Assumption,” J. Geophys. Res. 110(C7), C07011 (2005b), doi:.
    [CrossRef]
  22. A. Morel, “Are the empirical relationships describing the bio-optical properties of case 1 waters consistent and internally compatible?” J. Geophys. Res. 114(C1), C01016 (2009), doi:.
    [CrossRef]
  23. D. A. Siegel, S. Maritorena, N. B. Nelson, D. A. Hansell, and M. Lorenzi- Kayser, “Global distribution and dynamics of colored dissolved and detrital organic materials,” J. Geophys. Res. 107(C12), 3228 (2002), doi:.
    [CrossRef]
  24. J. E. O'Reilly, S. Maritorena, D. A. Siegel, M. C. O'Brien, D. Toole, B. G. Mitchell, M. Kahru, et al., “Ocean color chlorophyll a algorithms for SeaWiFS, OC2, and OC4: Version 4,” In S. B. Hooker & E.R. Firestone (Eds.), SeaWiFS Postlaunch Calibration and Validation Analyses, Part 3, vol. 11. (pp. 9−23) Greenbelt, Maryland: NASA, Goddard Space Flight Center (2000).
  25. R. J. Hyndman and Y. Fan, “Sample Quantiles in Statistical Packages,” Am. Stat. 50(4), 361–365 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  26. K. L. Carder, S. K. Hawes, K. A. Baker, R. C. Smith, R. G. Steward, and B. G. Mitchell, “Reflectance model for quantifying chlorophyll-a in the presence of productivity degradation products,” J. Geophys. Res. 96(C11), 20599–20611 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  27. H. Claustre, A. Morel, S. B. Hooker, M. Babin, D. Antoine, K. Oubelkheir, A. Bricaud, K. Leblanc, B. Quéguiner, and S. Maritorena, “Is desert dust making oligotrophic waters greener,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 29(10), 1469 (2002), doi:.
    [CrossRef]
  28. IOCCG, “Remote Sensing of Inherent Optical Properties: Fundamentals, Tests of Algorithms, and Applications,” in Reports of the International Ocean-Colour Coordinating Group, No. 5, Z. P. Lee, ed. (IOCCG, Dartmouth, 2006).
  29. S. Maritorena, D. A. Siegel, and A. R. Peterson, “Optimization of a semianalytical ocean color model for global-scale applications,” Appl. Opt. 41(15), 2705–2714 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (4)

T. S. Moore, J. W. Campbell, and M. D. Dowell, “A class-based approach to characterizing and mapping the uncertainty of the MODIS ocean chlorophyll product,” Remote Sens. Environ. 113(11), 2424–2430 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Morel and B. Gentili, “The dissolved yellow substance and the shades of blue in the Mediterranean Sea,” Biogeosciences 6(11), 2625–2636 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Loisel, X. Mériaux, A. Poteau, L. F. Artigas, B. Lubac, A. Gardel, J. Caillaud, and S. Lesourd, “Analyze of the inherent optical properties of French Guiana coastal waters for remote sensing applications,” J. Coast. Res. SI 56, 1532–1536 (2009).

A. Morel, “Are the empirical relationships describing the bio-optical properties of case 1 waters consistent and internally compatible?” J. Geophys. Res. 114(C1), C01016 (2009), doi:.
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

C. A. Brown, Y. Huot, P. J. Werdell, B. Gentili, and H. Claustre, “The origin and global distribution of second order variability in satellite ocean color and its potential applications to algorithm development,” Remote Sens. Environ. 112(12), 4186–4203 (2008), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Y. Huot, A. Morel, M. S. Twardowski, D. Stramski, and R. A. Reynolds, “Particle optical scattering along a chlorophyll gradient in the upper layer of the eastern South Pacific Ocean,” Biogeosciences 5(2), 495–507 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

B. Lubac and H. Loisel, “Variability and classification of remote sensing reflectance spectra in the eastern English Channel and southern North Sea,” Remote Sens. Environ. 110(1), 45–58 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

S. Alvain, C. Moulin, Y. Dandonneau, H. Loisel, and F. M. Bréon, “A species-dependent bio-optical model of case 1 waters for global ocean color processing,” Deep Sea Res. Part II Top. Stud. Oceanogr. 53, 917–925 (2006).

M. Stramska, D. Stramski, S. Kaczmarek, D. B. Allison, and J. Schwarz, “Seasonal and regional differentiation of bio-optical properties within the north polar Atlantic,” J. Geophys. Res. 111(C8), C08003 (2006), doi:.
[CrossRef]

2005 (4)

W. M. Balch, H. R. Gordon, B. C. Bowler, D. T. Drapeau, and E. S. Booth, “Calcium carbonate measurements in the surface global ocean based on Moderate-Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer data,” J. Geophys. Res. 110(C7), C07001 (2005), doi:.
[CrossRef]

P. J. Werdell and S. W. Bailey, “An improved in situ bio-optical data set for ocean color algorithm development and satellite data product validation,” Remote Sens. Environ. 98(1), 122–140 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. A. Siegel, S. Maritorena, N. B. Nelson, M. J. Behrenfeld, and C. R. McClain, “Colored dissolved organic matter and its influence on the satellite-based characterization of the ocean biosphere,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32(20), L20605 (2005), doi:.
[CrossRef]

D. A. Siegel, S. Maritorena, N. B. Nelson, and M. J. Behrenfeld, “Independence and Interdependencies Among Global Ocean Color Properties: Reassessing the Bio-Optical Assumption,” J. Geophys. Res. 110(C7), C07011 (2005b), doi:.
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

A. Bricaud, H. Claustre, J. Ras, and K. Oubelkheir, “Natural variability of phytoplankton absorption in oceanic waters: Influence of the size structure of algal populations,” J. Geophys. Res. 109(C11), C11010 (2004), doi:.
[CrossRef]

2002 (3)

H. Claustre, A. Morel, S. B. Hooker, M. Babin, D. Antoine, K. Oubelkheir, A. Bricaud, K. Leblanc, B. Quéguiner, and S. Maritorena, “Is desert dust making oligotrophic waters greener,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 29(10), 1469 (2002), doi:.
[CrossRef]

S. Maritorena, D. A. Siegel, and A. R. Peterson, “Optimization of a semianalytical ocean color model for global-scale applications,” Appl. Opt. 41(15), 2705–2714 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. A. Siegel, S. Maritorena, N. B. Nelson, D. A. Hansell, and M. Lorenzi- Kayser, “Global distribution and dynamics of colored dissolved and detrital organic materials,” J. Geophys. Res. 107(C12), 3228 (2002), doi:.
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

R. A. Reynolds, D. Stramski, and B. G. Mitchell, “A chlorophyll-dependent semianalytical reflectance model derived from field measurements of absorption and backscattering coefficients within the Southern Ocean,” J. Geophys. Res. 106(C4), 7125–7138 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

H. Loisel and A. Morel, “Light scattering and chlorophyll concentration in case 1 waters: A re-examination,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 43(5), 847–858 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. E. O'Reilly, S. Maritorena, B. G. Mitchell, D. A. Siegel, K. L. Carder, S. A. Garver, M. Kahru, and C. R. McClain, “Ocean color chlorophyll algorithms for SeaWiFS,” J. Geophys. Res. 103(C11), 24,937–24,953 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996 (2)

W. M. Balch, K. Kilpatrick, P. M. Holligan, D. Harbour, and E. Fernandez, “The 1991 coccolithophore bloom in the central north Atlantic II: relating optics to coccolith concentration,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 41(8), 1684–1696 (1996).
[CrossRef]

R. J. Hyndman and Y. Fan, “Sample Quantiles in Statistical Packages,” Am. Stat. 50(4), 361–365 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

A. Bricaud, M. Babin, A. Morel, and H. Claustre, “Variability in the chlorophyll-specific absorptioncoefficients of natural phytoplankton - analysis and parameterization,” J. Geophys. Res. 100(C7), 13321–13332 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1991 (3)

B. G. Mitchell and O. Holm-Hansen, “Bio-optical properties of Antarctic Peninsula waters: Differentiation from temperate ocean models,” Deep-Sea Res. 38(8-9), 1009–1028 (1991).
[CrossRef]

K. L. Carder, S. K. Hawes, K. A. Baker, R. C. Smith, R. G. Steward, and B. G. Mitchell, “Reflectance model for quantifying chlorophyll-a in the presence of productivity degradation products,” J. Geophys. Res. 96(C11), 20599–20611 (1991).
[CrossRef]

K. L. Carder, S. K. Hawes, K. A. Baker, R. C. Smith, R. G. Steward, and B. G. Mitchell, “Reflectance model for quantifying chlorophyll-a in the presence of productivity degradation products,” J. Geophys. Res. 96(C11), 20599–20611 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Allison, D. B.

M. Stramska, D. Stramski, S. Kaczmarek, D. B. Allison, and J. Schwarz, “Seasonal and regional differentiation of bio-optical properties within the north polar Atlantic,” J. Geophys. Res. 111(C8), C08003 (2006), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Alvain, S.

S. Alvain, C. Moulin, Y. Dandonneau, H. Loisel, and F. M. Bréon, “A species-dependent bio-optical model of case 1 waters for global ocean color processing,” Deep Sea Res. Part II Top. Stud. Oceanogr. 53, 917–925 (2006).

Antoine, D.

H. Claustre, A. Morel, S. B. Hooker, M. Babin, D. Antoine, K. Oubelkheir, A. Bricaud, K. Leblanc, B. Quéguiner, and S. Maritorena, “Is desert dust making oligotrophic waters greener,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 29(10), 1469 (2002), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Artigas, L. F.

H. Loisel, X. Mériaux, A. Poteau, L. F. Artigas, B. Lubac, A. Gardel, J. Caillaud, and S. Lesourd, “Analyze of the inherent optical properties of French Guiana coastal waters for remote sensing applications,” J. Coast. Res. SI 56, 1532–1536 (2009).

Babin, M.

H. Claustre, A. Morel, S. B. Hooker, M. Babin, D. Antoine, K. Oubelkheir, A. Bricaud, K. Leblanc, B. Quéguiner, and S. Maritorena, “Is desert dust making oligotrophic waters greener,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 29(10), 1469 (2002), doi:.
[CrossRef]

A. Bricaud, M. Babin, A. Morel, and H. Claustre, “Variability in the chlorophyll-specific absorptioncoefficients of natural phytoplankton - analysis and parameterization,” J. Geophys. Res. 100(C7), 13321–13332 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Bailey, S. W.

P. J. Werdell and S. W. Bailey, “An improved in situ bio-optical data set for ocean color algorithm development and satellite data product validation,” Remote Sens. Environ. 98(1), 122–140 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Baker, K. A.

K. L. Carder, S. K. Hawes, K. A. Baker, R. C. Smith, R. G. Steward, and B. G. Mitchell, “Reflectance model for quantifying chlorophyll-a in the presence of productivity degradation products,” J. Geophys. Res. 96(C11), 20599–20611 (1991).
[CrossRef]

K. L. Carder, S. K. Hawes, K. A. Baker, R. C. Smith, R. G. Steward, and B. G. Mitchell, “Reflectance model for quantifying chlorophyll-a in the presence of productivity degradation products,” J. Geophys. Res. 96(C11), 20599–20611 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Balch, W. M.

W. M. Balch, H. R. Gordon, B. C. Bowler, D. T. Drapeau, and E. S. Booth, “Calcium carbonate measurements in the surface global ocean based on Moderate-Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer data,” J. Geophys. Res. 110(C7), C07001 (2005), doi:.
[CrossRef]

W. M. Balch, K. Kilpatrick, P. M. Holligan, D. Harbour, and E. Fernandez, “The 1991 coccolithophore bloom in the central north Atlantic II: relating optics to coccolith concentration,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 41(8), 1684–1696 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Behrenfeld, M. J.

D. A. Siegel, S. Maritorena, N. B. Nelson, and M. J. Behrenfeld, “Independence and Interdependencies Among Global Ocean Color Properties: Reassessing the Bio-Optical Assumption,” J. Geophys. Res. 110(C7), C07011 (2005b), doi:.
[CrossRef]

D. A. Siegel, S. Maritorena, N. B. Nelson, M. J. Behrenfeld, and C. R. McClain, “Colored dissolved organic matter and its influence on the satellite-based characterization of the ocean biosphere,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32(20), L20605 (2005), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Booth, E. S.

W. M. Balch, H. R. Gordon, B. C. Bowler, D. T. Drapeau, and E. S. Booth, “Calcium carbonate measurements in the surface global ocean based on Moderate-Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer data,” J. Geophys. Res. 110(C7), C07001 (2005), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Bowler, B. C.

W. M. Balch, H. R. Gordon, B. C. Bowler, D. T. Drapeau, and E. S. Booth, “Calcium carbonate measurements in the surface global ocean based on Moderate-Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer data,” J. Geophys. Res. 110(C7), C07001 (2005), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Bréon, F. M.

S. Alvain, C. Moulin, Y. Dandonneau, H. Loisel, and F. M. Bréon, “A species-dependent bio-optical model of case 1 waters for global ocean color processing,” Deep Sea Res. Part II Top. Stud. Oceanogr. 53, 917–925 (2006).

Bricaud, A.

A. Bricaud, H. Claustre, J. Ras, and K. Oubelkheir, “Natural variability of phytoplankton absorption in oceanic waters: Influence of the size structure of algal populations,” J. Geophys. Res. 109(C11), C11010 (2004), doi:.
[CrossRef]

H. Claustre, A. Morel, S. B. Hooker, M. Babin, D. Antoine, K. Oubelkheir, A. Bricaud, K. Leblanc, B. Quéguiner, and S. Maritorena, “Is desert dust making oligotrophic waters greener,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 29(10), 1469 (2002), doi:.
[CrossRef]

A. Bricaud, M. Babin, A. Morel, and H. Claustre, “Variability in the chlorophyll-specific absorptioncoefficients of natural phytoplankton - analysis and parameterization,” J. Geophys. Res. 100(C7), 13321–13332 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Brown, C. A.

C. A. Brown, Y. Huot, P. J. Werdell, B. Gentili, and H. Claustre, “The origin and global distribution of second order variability in satellite ocean color and its potential applications to algorithm development,” Remote Sens. Environ. 112(12), 4186–4203 (2008), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Caillaud, J.

H. Loisel, X. Mériaux, A. Poteau, L. F. Artigas, B. Lubac, A. Gardel, J. Caillaud, and S. Lesourd, “Analyze of the inherent optical properties of French Guiana coastal waters for remote sensing applications,” J. Coast. Res. SI 56, 1532–1536 (2009).

Campbell, J. W.

T. S. Moore, J. W. Campbell, and M. D. Dowell, “A class-based approach to characterizing and mapping the uncertainty of the MODIS ocean chlorophyll product,” Remote Sens. Environ. 113(11), 2424–2430 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Carder, K. L.

J. E. O'Reilly, S. Maritorena, B. G. Mitchell, D. A. Siegel, K. L. Carder, S. A. Garver, M. Kahru, and C. R. McClain, “Ocean color chlorophyll algorithms for SeaWiFS,” J. Geophys. Res. 103(C11), 24,937–24,953 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. L. Carder, S. K. Hawes, K. A. Baker, R. C. Smith, R. G. Steward, and B. G. Mitchell, “Reflectance model for quantifying chlorophyll-a in the presence of productivity degradation products,” J. Geophys. Res. 96(C11), 20599–20611 (1991).
[CrossRef]

K. L. Carder, S. K. Hawes, K. A. Baker, R. C. Smith, R. G. Steward, and B. G. Mitchell, “Reflectance model for quantifying chlorophyll-a in the presence of productivity degradation products,” J. Geophys. Res. 96(C11), 20599–20611 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Claustre, H.

C. A. Brown, Y. Huot, P. J. Werdell, B. Gentili, and H. Claustre, “The origin and global distribution of second order variability in satellite ocean color and its potential applications to algorithm development,” Remote Sens. Environ. 112(12), 4186–4203 (2008), doi:.
[CrossRef]

A. Bricaud, H. Claustre, J. Ras, and K. Oubelkheir, “Natural variability of phytoplankton absorption in oceanic waters: Influence of the size structure of algal populations,” J. Geophys. Res. 109(C11), C11010 (2004), doi:.
[CrossRef]

H. Claustre, A. Morel, S. B. Hooker, M. Babin, D. Antoine, K. Oubelkheir, A. Bricaud, K. Leblanc, B. Quéguiner, and S. Maritorena, “Is desert dust making oligotrophic waters greener,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 29(10), 1469 (2002), doi:.
[CrossRef]

A. Bricaud, M. Babin, A. Morel, and H. Claustre, “Variability in the chlorophyll-specific absorptioncoefficients of natural phytoplankton - analysis and parameterization,” J. Geophys. Res. 100(C7), 13321–13332 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Dandonneau, Y.

S. Alvain, C. Moulin, Y. Dandonneau, H. Loisel, and F. M. Bréon, “A species-dependent bio-optical model of case 1 waters for global ocean color processing,” Deep Sea Res. Part II Top. Stud. Oceanogr. 53, 917–925 (2006).

Dowell, M. D.

T. S. Moore, J. W. Campbell, and M. D. Dowell, “A class-based approach to characterizing and mapping the uncertainty of the MODIS ocean chlorophyll product,” Remote Sens. Environ. 113(11), 2424–2430 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Drapeau, D. T.

W. M. Balch, H. R. Gordon, B. C. Bowler, D. T. Drapeau, and E. S. Booth, “Calcium carbonate measurements in the surface global ocean based on Moderate-Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer data,” J. Geophys. Res. 110(C7), C07001 (2005), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Fan, Y.

R. J. Hyndman and Y. Fan, “Sample Quantiles in Statistical Packages,” Am. Stat. 50(4), 361–365 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Fernandez, E.

W. M. Balch, K. Kilpatrick, P. M. Holligan, D. Harbour, and E. Fernandez, “The 1991 coccolithophore bloom in the central north Atlantic II: relating optics to coccolith concentration,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 41(8), 1684–1696 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Gardel, A.

H. Loisel, X. Mériaux, A. Poteau, L. F. Artigas, B. Lubac, A. Gardel, J. Caillaud, and S. Lesourd, “Analyze of the inherent optical properties of French Guiana coastal waters for remote sensing applications,” J. Coast. Res. SI 56, 1532–1536 (2009).

Garver, S. A.

J. E. O'Reilly, S. Maritorena, B. G. Mitchell, D. A. Siegel, K. L. Carder, S. A. Garver, M. Kahru, and C. R. McClain, “Ocean color chlorophyll algorithms for SeaWiFS,” J. Geophys. Res. 103(C11), 24,937–24,953 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Gentili, B.

A. Morel and B. Gentili, “The dissolved yellow substance and the shades of blue in the Mediterranean Sea,” Biogeosciences 6(11), 2625–2636 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. A. Brown, Y. Huot, P. J. Werdell, B. Gentili, and H. Claustre, “The origin and global distribution of second order variability in satellite ocean color and its potential applications to algorithm development,” Remote Sens. Environ. 112(12), 4186–4203 (2008), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Gordon, H. R.

W. M. Balch, H. R. Gordon, B. C. Bowler, D. T. Drapeau, and E. S. Booth, “Calcium carbonate measurements in the surface global ocean based on Moderate-Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer data,” J. Geophys. Res. 110(C7), C07001 (2005), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Hansell, D. A.

D. A. Siegel, S. Maritorena, N. B. Nelson, D. A. Hansell, and M. Lorenzi- Kayser, “Global distribution and dynamics of colored dissolved and detrital organic materials,” J. Geophys. Res. 107(C12), 3228 (2002), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Harbour, D.

W. M. Balch, K. Kilpatrick, P. M. Holligan, D. Harbour, and E. Fernandez, “The 1991 coccolithophore bloom in the central north Atlantic II: relating optics to coccolith concentration,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 41(8), 1684–1696 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Hawes, S. K.

K. L. Carder, S. K. Hawes, K. A. Baker, R. C. Smith, R. G. Steward, and B. G. Mitchell, “Reflectance model for quantifying chlorophyll-a in the presence of productivity degradation products,” J. Geophys. Res. 96(C11), 20599–20611 (1991).
[CrossRef]

K. L. Carder, S. K. Hawes, K. A. Baker, R. C. Smith, R. G. Steward, and B. G. Mitchell, “Reflectance model for quantifying chlorophyll-a in the presence of productivity degradation products,” J. Geophys. Res. 96(C11), 20599–20611 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Holligan, P. M.

W. M. Balch, K. Kilpatrick, P. M. Holligan, D. Harbour, and E. Fernandez, “The 1991 coccolithophore bloom in the central north Atlantic II: relating optics to coccolith concentration,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 41(8), 1684–1696 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Holm-Hansen, O.

B. G. Mitchell and O. Holm-Hansen, “Bio-optical properties of Antarctic Peninsula waters: Differentiation from temperate ocean models,” Deep-Sea Res. 38(8-9), 1009–1028 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Hooker, S. B.

H. Claustre, A. Morel, S. B. Hooker, M. Babin, D. Antoine, K. Oubelkheir, A. Bricaud, K. Leblanc, B. Quéguiner, and S. Maritorena, “Is desert dust making oligotrophic waters greener,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 29(10), 1469 (2002), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Huot, Y.

Y. Huot, A. Morel, M. S. Twardowski, D. Stramski, and R. A. Reynolds, “Particle optical scattering along a chlorophyll gradient in the upper layer of the eastern South Pacific Ocean,” Biogeosciences 5(2), 495–507 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. A. Brown, Y. Huot, P. J. Werdell, B. Gentili, and H. Claustre, “The origin and global distribution of second order variability in satellite ocean color and its potential applications to algorithm development,” Remote Sens. Environ. 112(12), 4186–4203 (2008), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Hyndman, R. J.

R. J. Hyndman and Y. Fan, “Sample Quantiles in Statistical Packages,” Am. Stat. 50(4), 361–365 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kaczmarek, S.

M. Stramska, D. Stramski, S. Kaczmarek, D. B. Allison, and J. Schwarz, “Seasonal and regional differentiation of bio-optical properties within the north polar Atlantic,” J. Geophys. Res. 111(C8), C08003 (2006), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Kahru, M.

J. E. O'Reilly, S. Maritorena, B. G. Mitchell, D. A. Siegel, K. L. Carder, S. A. Garver, M. Kahru, and C. R. McClain, “Ocean color chlorophyll algorithms for SeaWiFS,” J. Geophys. Res. 103(C11), 24,937–24,953 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kilpatrick, K.

W. M. Balch, K. Kilpatrick, P. M. Holligan, D. Harbour, and E. Fernandez, “The 1991 coccolithophore bloom in the central north Atlantic II: relating optics to coccolith concentration,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 41(8), 1684–1696 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Leblanc, K.

H. Claustre, A. Morel, S. B. Hooker, M. Babin, D. Antoine, K. Oubelkheir, A. Bricaud, K. Leblanc, B. Quéguiner, and S. Maritorena, “Is desert dust making oligotrophic waters greener,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 29(10), 1469 (2002), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Lesourd, S.

H. Loisel, X. Mériaux, A. Poteau, L. F. Artigas, B. Lubac, A. Gardel, J. Caillaud, and S. Lesourd, “Analyze of the inherent optical properties of French Guiana coastal waters for remote sensing applications,” J. Coast. Res. SI 56, 1532–1536 (2009).

Loisel, H.

H. Loisel, X. Mériaux, A. Poteau, L. F. Artigas, B. Lubac, A. Gardel, J. Caillaud, and S. Lesourd, “Analyze of the inherent optical properties of French Guiana coastal waters for remote sensing applications,” J. Coast. Res. SI 56, 1532–1536 (2009).

B. Lubac and H. Loisel, “Variability and classification of remote sensing reflectance spectra in the eastern English Channel and southern North Sea,” Remote Sens. Environ. 110(1), 45–58 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Alvain, C. Moulin, Y. Dandonneau, H. Loisel, and F. M. Bréon, “A species-dependent bio-optical model of case 1 waters for global ocean color processing,” Deep Sea Res. Part II Top. Stud. Oceanogr. 53, 917–925 (2006).

H. Loisel and A. Morel, “Light scattering and chlorophyll concentration in case 1 waters: A re-examination,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 43(5), 847–858 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lorenzi- Kayser, M.

D. A. Siegel, S. Maritorena, N. B. Nelson, D. A. Hansell, and M. Lorenzi- Kayser, “Global distribution and dynamics of colored dissolved and detrital organic materials,” J. Geophys. Res. 107(C12), 3228 (2002), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Lubac, B.

H. Loisel, X. Mériaux, A. Poteau, L. F. Artigas, B. Lubac, A. Gardel, J. Caillaud, and S. Lesourd, “Analyze of the inherent optical properties of French Guiana coastal waters for remote sensing applications,” J. Coast. Res. SI 56, 1532–1536 (2009).

B. Lubac and H. Loisel, “Variability and classification of remote sensing reflectance spectra in the eastern English Channel and southern North Sea,” Remote Sens. Environ. 110(1), 45–58 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Maritorena, S.

D. A. Siegel, S. Maritorena, N. B. Nelson, and M. J. Behrenfeld, “Independence and Interdependencies Among Global Ocean Color Properties: Reassessing the Bio-Optical Assumption,” J. Geophys. Res. 110(C7), C07011 (2005b), doi:.
[CrossRef]

D. A. Siegel, S. Maritorena, N. B. Nelson, M. J. Behrenfeld, and C. R. McClain, “Colored dissolved organic matter and its influence on the satellite-based characterization of the ocean biosphere,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32(20), L20605 (2005), doi:.
[CrossRef]

S. Maritorena, D. A. Siegel, and A. R. Peterson, “Optimization of a semianalytical ocean color model for global-scale applications,” Appl. Opt. 41(15), 2705–2714 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. A. Siegel, S. Maritorena, N. B. Nelson, D. A. Hansell, and M. Lorenzi- Kayser, “Global distribution and dynamics of colored dissolved and detrital organic materials,” J. Geophys. Res. 107(C12), 3228 (2002), doi:.
[CrossRef]

H. Claustre, A. Morel, S. B. Hooker, M. Babin, D. Antoine, K. Oubelkheir, A. Bricaud, K. Leblanc, B. Quéguiner, and S. Maritorena, “Is desert dust making oligotrophic waters greener,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 29(10), 1469 (2002), doi:.
[CrossRef]

J. E. O'Reilly, S. Maritorena, B. G. Mitchell, D. A. Siegel, K. L. Carder, S. A. Garver, M. Kahru, and C. R. McClain, “Ocean color chlorophyll algorithms for SeaWiFS,” J. Geophys. Res. 103(C11), 24,937–24,953 (1998).
[CrossRef]

McClain, C. R.

D. A. Siegel, S. Maritorena, N. B. Nelson, M. J. Behrenfeld, and C. R. McClain, “Colored dissolved organic matter and its influence on the satellite-based characterization of the ocean biosphere,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32(20), L20605 (2005), doi:.
[CrossRef]

J. E. O'Reilly, S. Maritorena, B. G. Mitchell, D. A. Siegel, K. L. Carder, S. A. Garver, M. Kahru, and C. R. McClain, “Ocean color chlorophyll algorithms for SeaWiFS,” J. Geophys. Res. 103(C11), 24,937–24,953 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Mériaux, X.

H. Loisel, X. Mériaux, A. Poteau, L. F. Artigas, B. Lubac, A. Gardel, J. Caillaud, and S. Lesourd, “Analyze of the inherent optical properties of French Guiana coastal waters for remote sensing applications,” J. Coast. Res. SI 56, 1532–1536 (2009).

Mitchell, B. G.

R. A. Reynolds, D. Stramski, and B. G. Mitchell, “A chlorophyll-dependent semianalytical reflectance model derived from field measurements of absorption and backscattering coefficients within the Southern Ocean,” J. Geophys. Res. 106(C4), 7125–7138 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. E. O'Reilly, S. Maritorena, B. G. Mitchell, D. A. Siegel, K. L. Carder, S. A. Garver, M. Kahru, and C. R. McClain, “Ocean color chlorophyll algorithms for SeaWiFS,” J. Geophys. Res. 103(C11), 24,937–24,953 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. L. Carder, S. K. Hawes, K. A. Baker, R. C. Smith, R. G. Steward, and B. G. Mitchell, “Reflectance model for quantifying chlorophyll-a in the presence of productivity degradation products,” J. Geophys. Res. 96(C11), 20599–20611 (1991).
[CrossRef]

K. L. Carder, S. K. Hawes, K. A. Baker, R. C. Smith, R. G. Steward, and B. G. Mitchell, “Reflectance model for quantifying chlorophyll-a in the presence of productivity degradation products,” J. Geophys. Res. 96(C11), 20599–20611 (1991).
[CrossRef]

B. G. Mitchell and O. Holm-Hansen, “Bio-optical properties of Antarctic Peninsula waters: Differentiation from temperate ocean models,” Deep-Sea Res. 38(8-9), 1009–1028 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Moore, T. S.

T. S. Moore, J. W. Campbell, and M. D. Dowell, “A class-based approach to characterizing and mapping the uncertainty of the MODIS ocean chlorophyll product,” Remote Sens. Environ. 113(11), 2424–2430 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Morel, A.

A. Morel and B. Gentili, “The dissolved yellow substance and the shades of blue in the Mediterranean Sea,” Biogeosciences 6(11), 2625–2636 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Morel, “Are the empirical relationships describing the bio-optical properties of case 1 waters consistent and internally compatible?” J. Geophys. Res. 114(C1), C01016 (2009), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Y. Huot, A. Morel, M. S. Twardowski, D. Stramski, and R. A. Reynolds, “Particle optical scattering along a chlorophyll gradient in the upper layer of the eastern South Pacific Ocean,” Biogeosciences 5(2), 495–507 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Claustre, A. Morel, S. B. Hooker, M. Babin, D. Antoine, K. Oubelkheir, A. Bricaud, K. Leblanc, B. Quéguiner, and S. Maritorena, “Is desert dust making oligotrophic waters greener,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 29(10), 1469 (2002), doi:.
[CrossRef]

H. Loisel and A. Morel, “Light scattering and chlorophyll concentration in case 1 waters: A re-examination,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 43(5), 847–858 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. Bricaud, M. Babin, A. Morel, and H. Claustre, “Variability in the chlorophyll-specific absorptioncoefficients of natural phytoplankton - analysis and parameterization,” J. Geophys. Res. 100(C7), 13321–13332 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Moulin, C.

S. Alvain, C. Moulin, Y. Dandonneau, H. Loisel, and F. M. Bréon, “A species-dependent bio-optical model of case 1 waters for global ocean color processing,” Deep Sea Res. Part II Top. Stud. Oceanogr. 53, 917–925 (2006).

Nelson, N. B.

D. A. Siegel, S. Maritorena, N. B. Nelson, and M. J. Behrenfeld, “Independence and Interdependencies Among Global Ocean Color Properties: Reassessing the Bio-Optical Assumption,” J. Geophys. Res. 110(C7), C07011 (2005b), doi:.
[CrossRef]

D. A. Siegel, S. Maritorena, N. B. Nelson, M. J. Behrenfeld, and C. R. McClain, “Colored dissolved organic matter and its influence on the satellite-based characterization of the ocean biosphere,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32(20), L20605 (2005), doi:.
[CrossRef]

D. A. Siegel, S. Maritorena, N. B. Nelson, D. A. Hansell, and M. Lorenzi- Kayser, “Global distribution and dynamics of colored dissolved and detrital organic materials,” J. Geophys. Res. 107(C12), 3228 (2002), doi:.
[CrossRef]

O'Reilly, J. E.

J. E. O'Reilly, S. Maritorena, B. G. Mitchell, D. A. Siegel, K. L. Carder, S. A. Garver, M. Kahru, and C. R. McClain, “Ocean color chlorophyll algorithms for SeaWiFS,” J. Geophys. Res. 103(C11), 24,937–24,953 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Oubelkheir, K.

A. Bricaud, H. Claustre, J. Ras, and K. Oubelkheir, “Natural variability of phytoplankton absorption in oceanic waters: Influence of the size structure of algal populations,” J. Geophys. Res. 109(C11), C11010 (2004), doi:.
[CrossRef]

H. Claustre, A. Morel, S. B. Hooker, M. Babin, D. Antoine, K. Oubelkheir, A. Bricaud, K. Leblanc, B. Quéguiner, and S. Maritorena, “Is desert dust making oligotrophic waters greener,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 29(10), 1469 (2002), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Peterson, A. R.

Poteau, A.

H. Loisel, X. Mériaux, A. Poteau, L. F. Artigas, B. Lubac, A. Gardel, J. Caillaud, and S. Lesourd, “Analyze of the inherent optical properties of French Guiana coastal waters for remote sensing applications,” J. Coast. Res. SI 56, 1532–1536 (2009).

Quéguiner, B.

H. Claustre, A. Morel, S. B. Hooker, M. Babin, D. Antoine, K. Oubelkheir, A. Bricaud, K. Leblanc, B. Quéguiner, and S. Maritorena, “Is desert dust making oligotrophic waters greener,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 29(10), 1469 (2002), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Ras, J.

A. Bricaud, H. Claustre, J. Ras, and K. Oubelkheir, “Natural variability of phytoplankton absorption in oceanic waters: Influence of the size structure of algal populations,” J. Geophys. Res. 109(C11), C11010 (2004), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Reynolds, R. A.

Y. Huot, A. Morel, M. S. Twardowski, D. Stramski, and R. A. Reynolds, “Particle optical scattering along a chlorophyll gradient in the upper layer of the eastern South Pacific Ocean,” Biogeosciences 5(2), 495–507 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Reynolds, D. Stramski, and B. G. Mitchell, “A chlorophyll-dependent semianalytical reflectance model derived from field measurements of absorption and backscattering coefficients within the Southern Ocean,” J. Geophys. Res. 106(C4), 7125–7138 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Schwarz, J.

M. Stramska, D. Stramski, S. Kaczmarek, D. B. Allison, and J. Schwarz, “Seasonal and regional differentiation of bio-optical properties within the north polar Atlantic,” J. Geophys. Res. 111(C8), C08003 (2006), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Siegel, D. A.

D. A. Siegel, S. Maritorena, N. B. Nelson, M. J. Behrenfeld, and C. R. McClain, “Colored dissolved organic matter and its influence on the satellite-based characterization of the ocean biosphere,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32(20), L20605 (2005), doi:.
[CrossRef]

D. A. Siegel, S. Maritorena, N. B. Nelson, and M. J. Behrenfeld, “Independence and Interdependencies Among Global Ocean Color Properties: Reassessing the Bio-Optical Assumption,” J. Geophys. Res. 110(C7), C07011 (2005b), doi:.
[CrossRef]

D. A. Siegel, S. Maritorena, N. B. Nelson, D. A. Hansell, and M. Lorenzi- Kayser, “Global distribution and dynamics of colored dissolved and detrital organic materials,” J. Geophys. Res. 107(C12), 3228 (2002), doi:.
[CrossRef]

S. Maritorena, D. A. Siegel, and A. R. Peterson, “Optimization of a semianalytical ocean color model for global-scale applications,” Appl. Opt. 41(15), 2705–2714 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. E. O'Reilly, S. Maritorena, B. G. Mitchell, D. A. Siegel, K. L. Carder, S. A. Garver, M. Kahru, and C. R. McClain, “Ocean color chlorophyll algorithms for SeaWiFS,” J. Geophys. Res. 103(C11), 24,937–24,953 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Smith, R. C.

K. L. Carder, S. K. Hawes, K. A. Baker, R. C. Smith, R. G. Steward, and B. G. Mitchell, “Reflectance model for quantifying chlorophyll-a in the presence of productivity degradation products,” J. Geophys. Res. 96(C11), 20599–20611 (1991).
[CrossRef]

K. L. Carder, S. K. Hawes, K. A. Baker, R. C. Smith, R. G. Steward, and B. G. Mitchell, “Reflectance model for quantifying chlorophyll-a in the presence of productivity degradation products,” J. Geophys. Res. 96(C11), 20599–20611 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Steward, R. G.

K. L. Carder, S. K. Hawes, K. A. Baker, R. C. Smith, R. G. Steward, and B. G. Mitchell, “Reflectance model for quantifying chlorophyll-a in the presence of productivity degradation products,” J. Geophys. Res. 96(C11), 20599–20611 (1991).
[CrossRef]

K. L. Carder, S. K. Hawes, K. A. Baker, R. C. Smith, R. G. Steward, and B. G. Mitchell, “Reflectance model for quantifying chlorophyll-a in the presence of productivity degradation products,” J. Geophys. Res. 96(C11), 20599–20611 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Stramska, M.

M. Stramska, D. Stramski, S. Kaczmarek, D. B. Allison, and J. Schwarz, “Seasonal and regional differentiation of bio-optical properties within the north polar Atlantic,” J. Geophys. Res. 111(C8), C08003 (2006), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Stramski, D.

Y. Huot, A. Morel, M. S. Twardowski, D. Stramski, and R. A. Reynolds, “Particle optical scattering along a chlorophyll gradient in the upper layer of the eastern South Pacific Ocean,” Biogeosciences 5(2), 495–507 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Stramska, D. Stramski, S. Kaczmarek, D. B. Allison, and J. Schwarz, “Seasonal and regional differentiation of bio-optical properties within the north polar Atlantic,” J. Geophys. Res. 111(C8), C08003 (2006), doi:.
[CrossRef]

R. A. Reynolds, D. Stramski, and B. G. Mitchell, “A chlorophyll-dependent semianalytical reflectance model derived from field measurements of absorption and backscattering coefficients within the Southern Ocean,” J. Geophys. Res. 106(C4), 7125–7138 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Twardowski, M. S.

Y. Huot, A. Morel, M. S. Twardowski, D. Stramski, and R. A. Reynolds, “Particle optical scattering along a chlorophyll gradient in the upper layer of the eastern South Pacific Ocean,” Biogeosciences 5(2), 495–507 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Werdell, P. J.

C. A. Brown, Y. Huot, P. J. Werdell, B. Gentili, and H. Claustre, “The origin and global distribution of second order variability in satellite ocean color and its potential applications to algorithm development,” Remote Sens. Environ. 112(12), 4186–4203 (2008), doi:.
[CrossRef]

P. J. Werdell and S. W. Bailey, “An improved in situ bio-optical data set for ocean color algorithm development and satellite data product validation,” Remote Sens. Environ. 98(1), 122–140 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Am. Stat. (1)

R. J. Hyndman and Y. Fan, “Sample Quantiles in Statistical Packages,” Am. Stat. 50(4), 361–365 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Biogeosciences (2)

A. Morel and B. Gentili, “The dissolved yellow substance and the shades of blue in the Mediterranean Sea,” Biogeosciences 6(11), 2625–2636 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Huot, A. Morel, M. S. Twardowski, D. Stramski, and R. A. Reynolds, “Particle optical scattering along a chlorophyll gradient in the upper layer of the eastern South Pacific Ocean,” Biogeosciences 5(2), 495–507 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Deep Sea Res. Part II Top. Stud. Oceanogr. (1)

S. Alvain, C. Moulin, Y. Dandonneau, H. Loisel, and F. M. Bréon, “A species-dependent bio-optical model of case 1 waters for global ocean color processing,” Deep Sea Res. Part II Top. Stud. Oceanogr. 53, 917–925 (2006).

Deep-Sea Res. (1)

B. G. Mitchell and O. Holm-Hansen, “Bio-optical properties of Antarctic Peninsula waters: Differentiation from temperate ocean models,” Deep-Sea Res. 38(8-9), 1009–1028 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Geophys. Res. Lett. (2)

D. A. Siegel, S. Maritorena, N. B. Nelson, M. J. Behrenfeld, and C. R. McClain, “Colored dissolved organic matter and its influence on the satellite-based characterization of the ocean biosphere,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32(20), L20605 (2005), doi:.
[CrossRef]

H. Claustre, A. Morel, S. B. Hooker, M. Babin, D. Antoine, K. Oubelkheir, A. Bricaud, K. Leblanc, B. Quéguiner, and S. Maritorena, “Is desert dust making oligotrophic waters greener,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 29(10), 1469 (2002), doi:.
[CrossRef]

J. Coast. Res. SI (1)

H. Loisel, X. Mériaux, A. Poteau, L. F. Artigas, B. Lubac, A. Gardel, J. Caillaud, and S. Lesourd, “Analyze of the inherent optical properties of French Guiana coastal waters for remote sensing applications,” J. Coast. Res. SI 56, 1532–1536 (2009).

J. Geophys. Res. (11)

A. Bricaud, M. Babin, A. Morel, and H. Claustre, “Variability in the chlorophyll-specific absorptioncoefficients of natural phytoplankton - analysis and parameterization,” J. Geophys. Res. 100(C7), 13321–13332 (1995).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Reynolds, D. Stramski, and B. G. Mitchell, “A chlorophyll-dependent semianalytical reflectance model derived from field measurements of absorption and backscattering coefficients within the Southern Ocean,” J. Geophys. Res. 106(C4), 7125–7138 (2001).
[CrossRef]

W. M. Balch, H. R. Gordon, B. C. Bowler, D. T. Drapeau, and E. S. Booth, “Calcium carbonate measurements in the surface global ocean based on Moderate-Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer data,” J. Geophys. Res. 110(C7), C07001 (2005), doi:.
[CrossRef]

M. Stramska, D. Stramski, S. Kaczmarek, D. B. Allison, and J. Schwarz, “Seasonal and regional differentiation of bio-optical properties within the north polar Atlantic,” J. Geophys. Res. 111(C8), C08003 (2006), doi:.
[CrossRef]

K. L. Carder, S. K. Hawes, K. A. Baker, R. C. Smith, R. G. Steward, and B. G. Mitchell, “Reflectance model for quantifying chlorophyll-a in the presence of productivity degradation products,” J. Geophys. Res. 96(C11), 20599–20611 (1991).
[CrossRef]

A. Bricaud, H. Claustre, J. Ras, and K. Oubelkheir, “Natural variability of phytoplankton absorption in oceanic waters: Influence of the size structure of algal populations,” J. Geophys. Res. 109(C11), C11010 (2004), doi:.
[CrossRef]

J. E. O'Reilly, S. Maritorena, B. G. Mitchell, D. A. Siegel, K. L. Carder, S. A. Garver, M. Kahru, and C. R. McClain, “Ocean color chlorophyll algorithms for SeaWiFS,” J. Geophys. Res. 103(C11), 24,937–24,953 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. L. Carder, S. K. Hawes, K. A. Baker, R. C. Smith, R. G. Steward, and B. G. Mitchell, “Reflectance model for quantifying chlorophyll-a in the presence of productivity degradation products,” J. Geophys. Res. 96(C11), 20599–20611 (1991).
[CrossRef]

D. A. Siegel, S. Maritorena, N. B. Nelson, and M. J. Behrenfeld, “Independence and Interdependencies Among Global Ocean Color Properties: Reassessing the Bio-Optical Assumption,” J. Geophys. Res. 110(C7), C07011 (2005b), doi:.
[CrossRef]

A. Morel, “Are the empirical relationships describing the bio-optical properties of case 1 waters consistent and internally compatible?” J. Geophys. Res. 114(C1), C01016 (2009), doi:.
[CrossRef]

D. A. Siegel, S. Maritorena, N. B. Nelson, D. A. Hansell, and M. Lorenzi- Kayser, “Global distribution and dynamics of colored dissolved and detrital organic materials,” J. Geophys. Res. 107(C12), 3228 (2002), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Limnol. Oceanogr. (2)

H. Loisel and A. Morel, “Light scattering and chlorophyll concentration in case 1 waters: A re-examination,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 43(5), 847–858 (1998).
[CrossRef]

W. M. Balch, K. Kilpatrick, P. M. Holligan, D. Harbour, and E. Fernandez, “The 1991 coccolithophore bloom in the central north Atlantic II: relating optics to coccolith concentration,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 41(8), 1684–1696 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Remote Sens. Environ. (4)

T. S. Moore, J. W. Campbell, and M. D. Dowell, “A class-based approach to characterizing and mapping the uncertainty of the MODIS ocean chlorophyll product,” Remote Sens. Environ. 113(11), 2424–2430 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. Lubac and H. Loisel, “Variability and classification of remote sensing reflectance spectra in the eastern English Channel and southern North Sea,” Remote Sens. Environ. 110(1), 45–58 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. A. Brown, Y. Huot, P. J. Werdell, B. Gentili, and H. Claustre, “The origin and global distribution of second order variability in satellite ocean color and its potential applications to algorithm development,” Remote Sens. Environ. 112(12), 4186–4203 (2008), doi:.
[CrossRef]

P. J. Werdell and S. W. Bailey, “An improved in situ bio-optical data set for ocean color algorithm development and satellite data product validation,” Remote Sens. Environ. 98(1), 122–140 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

H. R. Gordon, and A. Morel, “Remote assessment of ocean color for satellite visible imagery. A review, “p. 1-114. In R. T. Barber, C. N. K. Mooers, M. J. Bowman, and B. Zeizschel [eds.]. Lecture notes on coastal and estuarines studies. Springer-Verlag (1983).

J. E. O'Reilly, S. Maritorena, D. A. Siegel, M. C. O'Brien, D. Toole, B. G. Mitchell, M. Kahru, et al., “Ocean color chlorophyll a algorithms for SeaWiFS, OC2, and OC4: Version 4,” In S. B. Hooker & E.R. Firestone (Eds.), SeaWiFS Postlaunch Calibration and Validation Analyses, Part 3, vol. 11. (pp. 9−23) Greenbelt, Maryland: NASA, Goddard Space Flight Center (2000).

IOCCG, “Remote Sensing of Inherent Optical Properties: Fundamentals, Tests of Algorithms, and Applications,” in Reports of the International Ocean-Colour Coordinating Group, No. 5, Z. P. Lee, ed. (IOCCG, Dartmouth, 2006).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Scatter plot of the chlorophyll concentration, Chl, as a function of blue to green reflectance ratio, BGR, from the whole in situ data set (N = 862). The solid and dashed curves represent the OC4v4 and OC3M algorithms, respectively.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) a phy(443) as a function of Chl. The solid curve represents the best fit for the 762 data points, and the dashed curves result from the algorithms of Bricaud et al. [4,16] as indicated. (b) b bp(530) as a function of Chl. The long dashed represents the best fit for the 323 data points, the short dashed curves represents the best fit for the 275 data points for which the very turbid waters have been disregarded, and the solid line results from the algorithm of Huot et al. [18]. (c) a cdm(443) as a function of Chl. The solid curve represents the best fit for the 762 data points.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Comparison of the inversed (OC4v4) and measured Chl for the whole data set (N = 862). The solid line represents the 1:1 line, and the dashed lines the 1:2 and 2:1 lines. (b), (c), and (d) as in (a) but for the bbp/Chl (N = 323), aphy/Chl (N = 762), and a cdm/a nw (N = 762) data sets, respectively. The points belonging to DS1, DS2, DS3, and DS4 are represented as indicated for each specific IOP data set.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Histograms of the Chl relative error calculated for each specific IOP data set and for DS1 (left panel) and DS4 (right panel) using OC4v4 and OC3M. The mean and median values are indicated.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

a w(550)/a(440), a cdm(550)/a(440), and a phy(550)/a(440) as a function of Chl for (a) the present in situ data set (see text), and the synthetic data set [28].

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Root mean square log error, average difference, and regression coefficient values calculated between measured and predicted (with OC4v4 and OC3M) Chl for the whole data set (W), and the three specific IOP data set (for DS1 and DS4). The values for the non-very turbid data set are in bold

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

b b p ( 532 ) = 0.00299 C h l 0.704 ( N = 323 , r 2 = 0.52 )
b b p ( 532 ) = 0.00241 C h l 0.596 ( N = 275 , r 2 = 0.70 )
a c d m ( 443 ) = 0.0265     ​ C h l 0.63 ( N = 762 , r 2 = 0.65 )

Metrics