Abstract

An ultralow-repetition-rate, all-polarization-maintaining (PM), Er-doped, ultrashort-pulse fiber laser was demonstrated using a single-wall-carbon-nanotube polyimide film. Using a ring cavity configuration, output pulses with pulse energy of 0.7–2.6 nJ were obtained at an ultralow repetition rate of 943–154 kHz for a fiber length of 0.1–1.3 km. A novel θ (theta) cavity configuration was proposed, which enabled us to reduce the required fiber length by half. A repetition rate of 132 kHz was achieved using this configuration with 909 m of PM fiber.

© 2010 OSA

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (2)

C. Aguergaray, D. Méchin, V. Kruglov, and J. D. Harvey, “Experimental realization of a mode-locked parabolic Raman fiber oscillator,” Opt. Express 18(8), 8680–8687 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. N. Nyushkov, V. I. Denisov, S. M. Kobtsev, V. S. Pivtsov, N. A. Kolyada, A. V. Ivanenko, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Generation of 1.7 μJ pulses at 1.55 μm by a self-mode-locked all-fiber laser with a kilometers-long linear-ring cavity,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(9), 661–665 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (4)

E. J. R. Kelleher, J. C. Travers, Z. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, A. C. Ferrari, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Nanosecond-pulse fiber lasers mode-locked with nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(11), 111108 (2009).
[Crossref]

L. Chen, M. Zhang, C. Zhou, Y. Cai, L. Ren, and Z. Zhang, “Ultra-low repetition rate linear-cavity erbium-doped fiber laser modelocked with semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Electron. Lett. 45(14), 731–733 (2009).
[Crossref]

Y. Senoo, N. Nishizawa, Y. Sakakibara, K. Sumimura, E. Itoga, H. Kataura, and K. Itoh, “Polarization-maintaining, high-energy, wavelength-tunable, Er-doped ultrashort pulse fiber laser using carbon-nanotube polyimide film,” Opt. Express 17(22), 20233–20241 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Kobtsev, S. Kukarin, S. Smirnov, S. Turitsyn, and A. Latkin, “Generation of double-scale femto/pico-second optical lumps in mode-locked fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 17(23), 20707–20713 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (4)

2007 (4)

2006 (3)

A. G. Rozhin, Y. Sakakibara, S. Namiki, M. Tokumoto, H. Kataura, and Y. Achiba, “Sub-200-fs pulsed erbium-doped fiber laser using a carbon nanotube-polyvinylalcohol mode locker,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(5), 051118 (2006).
[Crossref]

M. Nakazawa, S. Nakahara, T. Hirooka, M. Yoshida, T. Kaino, and K. Komatsu, “Polymer saturable absorber materials in the 1.5 microm band using poly-methyl-methacrylate and polystyrene with single-wall carbon nanotubes and their application to a femtosecond laser,” Opt. Lett. 31(7), 915–917 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Lee, K. Kim, and P. J. Delfyett., “Extreme chirped pulse oscillator (XCPO) using a theta cavity design,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(7), 799–801 (2006).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

2003 (1)

2002 (1)

Y.-C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y.-P. Zhao, T.-M. Lu, G.-C. Wang, and X.-C. Zhang, “Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(6), 975–977 (2002).
[Crossref]

Achiba, Y.

A. G. Rozhin, Y. Sakakibara, S. Namiki, M. Tokumoto, H. Kataura, and Y. Achiba, “Sub-200-fs pulsed erbium-doped fiber laser using a carbon nanotube-polyvinylalcohol mode locker,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(5), 051118 (2006).
[Crossref]

Aguergaray, C.

Ajayan, P. M.

Y.-C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y.-P. Zhao, T.-M. Lu, G.-C. Wang, and X.-C. Zhang, “Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(6), 975–977 (2002).
[Crossref]

Angelow, G.

Biedermann, B. R.

Cai, Y.

L. Chen, M. Zhang, C. Zhou, Y. Cai, L. Ren, and Z. Zhang, “Ultra-low repetition rate linear-cavity erbium-doped fiber laser modelocked with semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Electron. Lett. 45(14), 731–733 (2009).
[Crossref]

Chen, J.

Chen, L.

L. Chen, M. Zhang, C. Zhou, Y. Cai, L. Ren, and Z. Zhang, “Ultra-low repetition rate linear-cavity erbium-doped fiber laser modelocked with semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Electron. Lett. 45(14), 731–733 (2009).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y.-C.

Y.-C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y.-P. Zhao, T.-M. Lu, G.-C. Wang, and X.-C. Zhang, “Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(6), 975–977 (2002).
[Crossref]

Delfyett, P. J.

S. Lee, K. Kim, and P. J. Delfyett., “Extreme chirped pulse oscillator (XCPO) using a theta cavity design,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(7), 799–801 (2006).
[Crossref]

Denisov, V. I.

B. N. Nyushkov, V. I. Denisov, S. M. Kobtsev, V. S. Pivtsov, N. A. Kolyada, A. V. Ivanenko, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Generation of 1.7 μJ pulses at 1.55 μm by a self-mode-locked all-fiber laser with a kilometers-long linear-ring cavity,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(9), 661–665 (2010).
[Crossref]

Dewald, S.

Digiovanni, D. J.

Eigenwillig, C. M.

Fedotov, Y.

Ferrari, A. C.

E. J. R. Kelleher, J. C. Travers, Z. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, A. C. Ferrari, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Nanosecond-pulse fiber lasers mode-locked with nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(11), 111108 (2009).
[Crossref]

Fujimoto, J. G.

Goh, C. S.

Harvey, J. D.

Hirooka, T.

Huber, R.

Inoue, Y.

Ippen, E. P.

Itoga, E.

Itoh, K.

Ivanenko, A. V.

B. N. Nyushkov, V. I. Denisov, S. M. Kobtsev, V. S. Pivtsov, N. A. Kolyada, A. V. Ivanenko, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Generation of 1.7 μJ pulses at 1.55 μm by a self-mode-locked all-fiber laser with a kilometers-long linear-ring cavity,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(9), 661–665 (2010).
[Crossref]

Jablonski, M.

Kaino, T.

Kärtner, F. X.

Kataura, H.

Kelleher, E. J. R.

E. J. R. Kelleher, J. C. Travers, Z. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, A. C. Ferrari, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Nanosecond-pulse fiber lasers mode-locked with nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(11), 111108 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kieu, K.

Kim, K.

S. Lee, K. Kim, and P. J. Delfyett., “Extreme chirped pulse oscillator (XCPO) using a theta cavity design,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(7), 799–801 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kobtsev, S.

Kobtsev, S. M.

B. N. Nyushkov, V. I. Denisov, S. M. Kobtsev, V. S. Pivtsov, N. A. Kolyada, A. V. Ivanenko, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Generation of 1.7 μJ pulses at 1.55 μm by a self-mode-locked all-fiber laser with a kilometers-long linear-ring cavity,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(9), 661–665 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kolyada, N. A.

B. N. Nyushkov, V. I. Denisov, S. M. Kobtsev, V. S. Pivtsov, N. A. Kolyada, A. V. Ivanenko, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Generation of 1.7 μJ pulses at 1.55 μm by a self-mode-locked all-fiber laser with a kilometers-long linear-ring cavity,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(9), 661–665 (2010).
[Crossref]

Komatsu, K.

Kowalevicz, A. M.

Kruglov, V.

Kukarin, S.

Latkin, A.

Lee, S.

S. Lee, K. Kim, and P. J. Delfyett., “Extreme chirped pulse oscillator (XCPO) using a theta cavity design,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(7), 799–801 (2006).
[Crossref]

Limpert, J.

Lu, T.-M.

Y.-C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y.-P. Zhao, T.-M. Lu, G.-C. Wang, and X.-C. Zhang, “Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(6), 975–977 (2002).
[Crossref]

Mansuripur, M.

Maruyama, S.

Méchin, D.

Morgner, U.

Murakami, Y.

Nakahara, S.

Nakazawa, M.

Namiki, S.

A. G. Rozhin, Y. Sakakibara, S. Namiki, M. Tokumoto, H. Kataura, and Y. Achiba, “Sub-200-fs pulsed erbium-doped fiber laser using a carbon nanotube-polyvinylalcohol mode locker,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(5), 051118 (2006).
[Crossref]

Nicholson, J. W.

Nishizawa, N.

Nyushkov, B. N.

B. N. Nyushkov, V. I. Denisov, S. M. Kobtsev, V. S. Pivtsov, N. A. Kolyada, A. V. Ivanenko, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Generation of 1.7 μJ pulses at 1.55 μm by a self-mode-locked all-fiber laser with a kilometers-long linear-ring cavity,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(9), 661–665 (2010).
[Crossref]

Palte, G.

Pivtsov, V. S.

B. N. Nyushkov, V. I. Denisov, S. M. Kobtsev, V. S. Pivtsov, N. A. Kolyada, A. V. Ivanenko, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Generation of 1.7 μJ pulses at 1.55 μm by a self-mode-locked all-fiber laser with a kilometers-long linear-ring cavity,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(9), 661–665 (2010).
[Crossref]

Popov, S. V.

E. J. R. Kelleher, J. C. Travers, Z. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, A. C. Ferrari, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Nanosecond-pulse fiber lasers mode-locked with nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(11), 111108 (2009).
[Crossref]

Raravikar, N. R.

Y.-C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y.-P. Zhao, T.-M. Lu, G.-C. Wang, and X.-C. Zhang, “Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(6), 975–977 (2002).
[Crossref]

Ren, L.

L. Chen, M. Zhang, C. Zhou, Y. Cai, L. Ren, and Z. Zhang, “Ultra-low repetition rate linear-cavity erbium-doped fiber laser modelocked with semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Electron. Lett. 45(14), 731–733 (2009).
[Crossref]

Rozhin, A. G.

E. J. R. Kelleher, J. C. Travers, Z. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, A. C. Ferrari, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Nanosecond-pulse fiber lasers mode-locked with nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(11), 111108 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. G. Rozhin, Y. Sakakibara, S. Namiki, M. Tokumoto, H. Kataura, and Y. Achiba, “Sub-200-fs pulsed erbium-doped fiber laser using a carbon nanotube-polyvinylalcohol mode locker,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(5), 051118 (2006).
[Crossref]

Sakakibara, Y.

Schadler, L. S.

Y.-C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y.-P. Zhao, T.-M. Lu, G.-C. Wang, and X.-C. Zhang, “Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(6), 975–977 (2002).
[Crossref]

Scheuer, V.

Schimpf, D. N.

Seise, E.

Seno, Y.

Senoo, Y.

Set, S. Y.

Sickler, J. W.

Smirnov, S.

Song, Y. W.

Sumimura, K.

Sun, Z.

E. J. R. Kelleher, J. C. Travers, Z. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, A. C. Ferrari, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Nanosecond-pulse fiber lasers mode-locked with nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(11), 111108 (2009).
[Crossref]

Taylor, J. R.

E. J. R. Kelleher, J. C. Travers, Z. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, A. C. Ferrari, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Nanosecond-pulse fiber lasers mode-locked with nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(11), 111108 (2009).
[Crossref]

Tokumoto, M.

A. G. Rozhin, Y. Sakakibara, S. Namiki, M. Tokumoto, H. Kataura, and Y. Achiba, “Sub-200-fs pulsed erbium-doped fiber laser using a carbon nanotube-polyvinylalcohol mode locker,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(5), 051118 (2006).
[Crossref]

Travers, J. C.

E. J. R. Kelleher, J. C. Travers, Z. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, A. C. Ferrari, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Nanosecond-pulse fiber lasers mode-locked with nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(11), 111108 (2009).
[Crossref]

Tünnermann, A.

Turitsyn, S.

Turitsyn, S. K.

B. N. Nyushkov, V. I. Denisov, S. M. Kobtsev, V. S. Pivtsov, N. A. Kolyada, A. V. Ivanenko, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Generation of 1.7 μJ pulses at 1.55 μm by a self-mode-locked all-fiber laser with a kilometers-long linear-ring cavity,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(9), 661–665 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wang, G.-C.

Y.-C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y.-P. Zhao, T.-M. Lu, G.-C. Wang, and X.-C. Zhang, “Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(6), 975–977 (2002).
[Crossref]

Windeler, R. S.

Yaguchi, H.

Yamashita, S.

Yoshida, M.

Zare, A. T.

Zhang, M.

L. Chen, M. Zhang, C. Zhou, Y. Cai, L. Ren, and Z. Zhang, “Ultra-low repetition rate linear-cavity erbium-doped fiber laser modelocked with semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Electron. Lett. 45(14), 731–733 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X.-C.

Y.-C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y.-P. Zhao, T.-M. Lu, G.-C. Wang, and X.-C. Zhang, “Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(6), 975–977 (2002).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Z.

L. Chen, M. Zhang, C. Zhou, Y. Cai, L. Ren, and Z. Zhang, “Ultra-low repetition rate linear-cavity erbium-doped fiber laser modelocked with semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Electron. Lett. 45(14), 731–733 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zhao, Y.-P.

Y.-C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y.-P. Zhao, T.-M. Lu, G.-C. Wang, and X.-C. Zhang, “Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(6), 975–977 (2002).
[Crossref]

Zhou, C.

L. Chen, M. Zhang, C. Zhou, Y. Cai, L. Ren, and Z. Zhang, “Ultra-low repetition rate linear-cavity erbium-doped fiber laser modelocked with semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Electron. Lett. 45(14), 731–733 (2009).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

E. J. R. Kelleher, J. C. Travers, Z. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, A. C. Ferrari, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Nanosecond-pulse fiber lasers mode-locked with nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(11), 111108 (2009).
[Crossref]

Y.-C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y.-P. Zhao, T.-M. Lu, G.-C. Wang, and X.-C. Zhang, “Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(6), 975–977 (2002).
[Crossref]

A. G. Rozhin, Y. Sakakibara, S. Namiki, M. Tokumoto, H. Kataura, and Y. Achiba, “Sub-200-fs pulsed erbium-doped fiber laser using a carbon nanotube-polyvinylalcohol mode locker,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(5), 051118 (2006).
[Crossref]

Electron. Lett. (1)

L. Chen, M. Zhang, C. Zhou, Y. Cai, L. Ren, and Z. Zhang, “Ultra-low repetition rate linear-cavity erbium-doped fiber laser modelocked with semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Electron. Lett. 45(14), 731–733 (2009).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

S. Lee, K. Kim, and P. J. Delfyett., “Extreme chirped pulse oscillator (XCPO) using a theta cavity design,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(7), 799–801 (2006).
[Crossref]

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

B. N. Nyushkov, V. I. Denisov, S. M. Kobtsev, V. S. Pivtsov, N. A. Kolyada, A. V. Ivanenko, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Generation of 1.7 μJ pulses at 1.55 μm by a self-mode-locked all-fiber laser with a kilometers-long linear-ring cavity,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(9), 661–665 (2010).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (8)

S. Kobtsev, S. Kukarin, S. Smirnov, S. Turitsyn, and A. Latkin, “Generation of double-scale femto/pico-second optical lumps in mode-locked fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 17(23), 20707–20713 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Nishizawa, Y. Seno, K. Sumimura, Y. Sakakibara, E. Itoga, H. Kataura, and K. Itoh, “All-polarization-maintaining Er-doped ultrashort-pulse fiber laser using carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 16(13), 9429–9435 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Senoo, N. Nishizawa, Y. Sakakibara, K. Sumimura, E. Itoga, H. Kataura, and K. Itoh, “Polarization-maintaining, high-energy, wavelength-tunable, Er-doped ultrashort pulse fiber laser using carbon-nanotube polyimide film,” Opt. Express 17(22), 20233–20241 (2009).
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C. M. Eigenwillig, B. R. Biedermann, G. Palte, and R. Huber, “K-space linear Fourier domain mode locked laser and applications for optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Express 16(12), 8916–8937 (2008).
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C. Aguergaray, D. Méchin, V. Kruglov, and J. D. Harvey, “Experimental realization of a mode-locked parabolic Raman fiber oscillator,” Opt. Express 18(8), 8680–8687 (2010).
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S. Kobtsev, S. Kukarin, and Y. Fedotov, “Ultra-low repetition rate mode-locked fiber laser with high-energy pulses,” Opt. Express 16(26), 21936–21941 (2008).
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D. N. Schimpf, E. Seise, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “The impact of spectral modulations on the contrast of pulses of nonlinear chirped-pulse amplification systems,” Opt. Express 16(14), 10664–10674 (2008).
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Opt. Lett. (6)

K. Kieu and M. Mansuripur, “Femtosecond laser pulse generation with a fiber taper embedded in carbon nanotube/polymer composite,” Opt. Lett. 32(15), 2242–2244 (2007).
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[Crossref]

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Other (5)

K. H. Fong, S. Y. Kim, K. Kikuchi, H. Yamaguchi, and S. Y. Set, “Generation of low-repetition rate high-energy picoseconds pulses from a single-wall carbon nanotube mode-locked fiber laser,” in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications / Coherent Optical Technologies and Applications, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper OMD4.

M. S. Khan, and N. Uehara, “920 kHz, low-repetition rate, mode-locked Er-doped fiber ring laser at 1534 nm,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics / Pacific Rim 2007 (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper PDPA_4.

A. Galvanauskas, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber amplifier”, in Ultrafast Lasers, M. E. Fermann, ed. (Marcel Dekker, 2003), Chap. 4.

Y. Sakakibara, K. Kintaka, A. G. Rozhin, T. Itatani, W. M. Soe, H. Itatani, M. Tokumoto, and H. Kataura, “Optically uniform carbon nanotube-polyimide nanocomposite: application to 165 fs mode-locked fiber laser and waveguide”, Proceedings of ECOC’05, 1, 37 (2005).

S. Y. Set, H. Yamaguchi, Y. Tanaka, M. Jablonski, Y. Sakakibara, A. Rozhin, M. Tokumoto, H. Kataura, Y. Achiba, and K. Kikuchi, “Mode-locked fiber lasers based on a saturable absorber incorporating carbon nanotubes”, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference 2003, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper PD44.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Setup of long-cavity, all-polarization-maintaining (PM), Er-doped fiber ring laser with SWNT polyimide film. WDM: wavelength division multiplexed coupler; SMF: single-mode fiber; EDF: Er-doped fiber.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Characteristics of the output pulse when the output coupling ratio was 97.1%. (a) Pulse energy and pulse duration of output pulse as a function of repetition rate. (b) Optical spectrum of laser output pulse. Several repetition rates were examined.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Characteristics of the output pulse when the cavity length was 1309.5 m and the output coupling ratio was 98.8%. (a) Temporal waveform of pulse train. (b) Optical spectrum of laser output pulse. (c) Temporal shape and instantaneous wavelength of output pulse.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

RF noise spectra of output pulse from fiber laser when the output coupling ratio was 98.8%.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Configuration of all-PM, θ-cavity fiber laser for ultralow repetition rate. PBC, polarization beam combiner.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Optical spectra of output pulses for (a) λ 0 = 1546.2 nm and (b) λ 0 = 1532.5 nm.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Pulse train for 132 kHz-repetition-rate, θ-cavity laser.

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