Abstract

Site distributions of Er3+-doped aluminosilicate preforms of standard EDFA were studied by the low temperature Resonant Fluorescence Line Narrowing (RFLN) spectroscopy. Two erbium concentration samples with the same glass base were investigated. At very low erbium concentration, two classes of sites were identified, related to the number of AlO6 octahedral linked by two oxygen edge-sharing to Er3+ in the coordination sphere. As erbium concentration is increased, the high AlO6 coordinated class of sites is smeared out by the optical response of the one AlO6 coordinated class of sites.

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2009

2008

R. Peretti, A. Jurdyc, B. Jacquier, E. Burov, and L. Gasca, “Resonant fluorescence line narrowing and gain spectral hole burning in erbium-doped fiber amplifier,” J. Lumin. 128(5–6), 1010–1012 (2008), http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6TJH-4R9GH1F-1/2/07dbf3f916f8a8d628aba9d36d9252f2 .

2006

A. Saitoh, S. Matsuishi, C. Se-Weon, J. Nishii, M. Oto, M. Hirano, and H. Hosono, “Elucidation of codoping effects on the solubility enhancement of Er3+ in SiO2 glass: striking difference between Al and P codoping,” J. Phys. Chem. B 110(15), 7617–7620 (2006), http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/jp060702w .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004

S. Guy, L. Bigot, I. Vasilief, B. Jacquier, B. Boulard, and Y. Gao, “Two crystallographic sites in erbium-doped fluoride glass by frequency-resolved and site-selective spectroscopies,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 336(3), 165–172 (2004), http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6TXM-4C0TKXW-2/2/ccff61d3d6adc78710cad5db05b2653a .
[CrossRef]

2002

L. Bigot, A.-M. Jurdyc, B. Jacquier, L. Gasca, and D. Bayart, “Resonant fluorescence line narrowing measurements in erbium-doped glasses for optical amplifiers,” Phys. Rev. B 66(21), 214204 (2002), http://link.aps.org/abstract/PRB/v66/e214204 .
[CrossRef]

2000

M. Nogami, T. Nagakura, and T. Hayakawa, “Site-dependent fluorescence and hole-burning spectra of Eu3+-doped Al2O3-SiO2 glasses,” J. Lumin. 86(2), 117–123 (2000), http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6TJH-3YJYG4V-5/2/2c0b7e6bdc228c1b81f4d829a6cecc38 .
[CrossRef]

1994

M. J. F. Digonnet, M. K. Davis, and R. H. Pantell, “Rate Equations for Clusters in Rare Earth-Doped Fibers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 1(1), 48–58 (1994), http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6WP0-45SJ8JV-5/2/b4c0d012faba1bda3c0529cdd3e655a5 .
[CrossRef]

1992

A. Tesar, J. Campbell, M. Weber, C. Weinzapfel, Y. Lin, H. Meissner, and H. Toratani, “Optical properties and laser parameters of Nd3+-doped fluoride glasses,” Opt. Mater. 1(3), 217–234 (1992), http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6TXP-46JYH7T-12/2/ebb604aa56cedf44ce25f8ad7c54286b .
[CrossRef]

1991

B. Ainslie, “A review of the fabrication and properties of erbium-doped fibers for optical amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 9(2), 220–227 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990

E. Desurvire, J. Sulhoff, J. Zyskind, and J. Simpson, “Study of spectral dependence of gain saturation and effect of inhomogeneous broadening in Erbium-doped aluminosilicate fiber amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2(9), 653–655 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Ainslie, B.

B. Ainslie, “A review of the fabrication and properties of erbium-doped fibers for optical amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 9(2), 220–227 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Bayart, D.

L. Bigot, A.-M. Jurdyc, B. Jacquier, L. Gasca, and D. Bayart, “Resonant fluorescence line narrowing measurements in erbium-doped glasses for optical amplifiers,” Phys. Rev. B 66(21), 214204 (2002), http://link.aps.org/abstract/PRB/v66/e214204 .
[CrossRef]

Bigot, L.

S. Guy, L. Bigot, I. Vasilief, B. Jacquier, B. Boulard, and Y. Gao, “Two crystallographic sites in erbium-doped fluoride glass by frequency-resolved and site-selective spectroscopies,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 336(3), 165–172 (2004), http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6TXM-4C0TKXW-2/2/ccff61d3d6adc78710cad5db05b2653a .
[CrossRef]

L. Bigot, A.-M. Jurdyc, B. Jacquier, L. Gasca, and D. Bayart, “Resonant fluorescence line narrowing measurements in erbium-doped glasses for optical amplifiers,” Phys. Rev. B 66(21), 214204 (2002), http://link.aps.org/abstract/PRB/v66/e214204 .
[CrossRef]

Blanc, W.

Boulard, B.

S. Guy, L. Bigot, I. Vasilief, B. Jacquier, B. Boulard, and Y. Gao, “Two crystallographic sites in erbium-doped fluoride glass by frequency-resolved and site-selective spectroscopies,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 336(3), 165–172 (2004), http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6TXM-4C0TKXW-2/2/ccff61d3d6adc78710cad5db05b2653a .
[CrossRef]

Burov, E.

R. Peretti, A. Jurdyc, B. Jacquier, E. Burov, and L. Gasca, “Resonant fluorescence line narrowing and gain spectral hole burning in erbium-doped fiber amplifier,” J. Lumin. 128(5–6), 1010–1012 (2008), http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6TJH-4R9GH1F-1/2/07dbf3f916f8a8d628aba9d36d9252f2 .

Campbell, J.

A. Tesar, J. Campbell, M. Weber, C. Weinzapfel, Y. Lin, H. Meissner, and H. Toratani, “Optical properties and laser parameters of Nd3+-doped fluoride glasses,” Opt. Mater. 1(3), 217–234 (1992), http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6TXP-46JYH7T-12/2/ebb604aa56cedf44ce25f8ad7c54286b .
[CrossRef]

Davis, M. K.

M. J. F. Digonnet, M. K. Davis, and R. H. Pantell, “Rate Equations for Clusters in Rare Earth-Doped Fibers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 1(1), 48–58 (1994), http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6WP0-45SJ8JV-5/2/b4c0d012faba1bda3c0529cdd3e655a5 .
[CrossRef]

Desurvire, E.

E. Desurvire, J. Sulhoff, J. Zyskind, and J. Simpson, “Study of spectral dependence of gain saturation and effect of inhomogeneous broadening in Erbium-doped aluminosilicate fiber amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2(9), 653–655 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Digonnet, M. J. F.

M. J. F. Digonnet, M. K. Davis, and R. H. Pantell, “Rate Equations for Clusters in Rare Earth-Doped Fibers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 1(1), 48–58 (1994), http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6WP0-45SJ8JV-5/2/b4c0d012faba1bda3c0529cdd3e655a5 .
[CrossRef]

Dussardier, B.

Foret, M.

Gao, Y.

S. Guy, L. Bigot, I. Vasilief, B. Jacquier, B. Boulard, and Y. Gao, “Two crystallographic sites in erbium-doped fluoride glass by frequency-resolved and site-selective spectroscopies,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 336(3), 165–172 (2004), http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6TXM-4C0TKXW-2/2/ccff61d3d6adc78710cad5db05b2653a .
[CrossRef]

Gasca, L.

R. Peretti, A. Jurdyc, B. Jacquier, E. Burov, and L. Gasca, “Resonant fluorescence line narrowing and gain spectral hole burning in erbium-doped fiber amplifier,” J. Lumin. 128(5–6), 1010–1012 (2008), http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6TJH-4R9GH1F-1/2/07dbf3f916f8a8d628aba9d36d9252f2 .

L. Bigot, A.-M. Jurdyc, B. Jacquier, L. Gasca, and D. Bayart, “Resonant fluorescence line narrowing measurements in erbium-doped glasses for optical amplifiers,” Phys. Rev. B 66(21), 214204 (2002), http://link.aps.org/abstract/PRB/v66/e214204 .
[CrossRef]

Guy, S.

S. Guy, L. Bigot, I. Vasilief, B. Jacquier, B. Boulard, and Y. Gao, “Two crystallographic sites in erbium-doped fluoride glass by frequency-resolved and site-selective spectroscopies,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 336(3), 165–172 (2004), http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6TXM-4C0TKXW-2/2/ccff61d3d6adc78710cad5db05b2653a .
[CrossRef]

Hayakawa, T.

M. Nogami, T. Nagakura, and T. Hayakawa, “Site-dependent fluorescence and hole-burning spectra of Eu3+-doped Al2O3-SiO2 glasses,” J. Lumin. 86(2), 117–123 (2000), http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6TJH-3YJYG4V-5/2/2c0b7e6bdc228c1b81f4d829a6cecc38 .
[CrossRef]

Hirano, M.

A. Saitoh, S. Matsuishi, C. Se-Weon, J. Nishii, M. Oto, M. Hirano, and H. Hosono, “Elucidation of codoping effects on the solubility enhancement of Er3+ in SiO2 glass: striking difference between Al and P codoping,” J. Phys. Chem. B 110(15), 7617–7620 (2006), http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/jp060702w .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hosono, H.

A. Saitoh, S. Matsuishi, C. Se-Weon, J. Nishii, M. Oto, M. Hirano, and H. Hosono, “Elucidation of codoping effects on the solubility enhancement of Er3+ in SiO2 glass: striking difference between Al and P codoping,” J. Phys. Chem. B 110(15), 7617–7620 (2006), http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/jp060702w .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jacquier, B.

W. Blanc, B. Dussardier, G. Monnom, R. Peretti, A.-M. Jurdyc, B. Jacquier, M. Foret, and A. Roberts, “Erbium emission properties in nanostructured fibers,” Appl. Opt. 48(31), G119–G124 (2009), http://ao.osa.org/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-48-31-G119 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Peretti, A. Jurdyc, B. Jacquier, E. Burov, and L. Gasca, “Resonant fluorescence line narrowing and gain spectral hole burning in erbium-doped fiber amplifier,” J. Lumin. 128(5–6), 1010–1012 (2008), http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6TJH-4R9GH1F-1/2/07dbf3f916f8a8d628aba9d36d9252f2 .

S. Guy, L. Bigot, I. Vasilief, B. Jacquier, B. Boulard, and Y. Gao, “Two crystallographic sites in erbium-doped fluoride glass by frequency-resolved and site-selective spectroscopies,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 336(3), 165–172 (2004), http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6TXM-4C0TKXW-2/2/ccff61d3d6adc78710cad5db05b2653a .
[CrossRef]

L. Bigot, A.-M. Jurdyc, B. Jacquier, L. Gasca, and D. Bayart, “Resonant fluorescence line narrowing measurements in erbium-doped glasses for optical amplifiers,” Phys. Rev. B 66(21), 214204 (2002), http://link.aps.org/abstract/PRB/v66/e214204 .
[CrossRef]

Jurdyc, A.

R. Peretti, A. Jurdyc, B. Jacquier, E. Burov, and L. Gasca, “Resonant fluorescence line narrowing and gain spectral hole burning in erbium-doped fiber amplifier,” J. Lumin. 128(5–6), 1010–1012 (2008), http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6TJH-4R9GH1F-1/2/07dbf3f916f8a8d628aba9d36d9252f2 .

Jurdyc, A.-M.

W. Blanc, B. Dussardier, G. Monnom, R. Peretti, A.-M. Jurdyc, B. Jacquier, M. Foret, and A. Roberts, “Erbium emission properties in nanostructured fibers,” Appl. Opt. 48(31), G119–G124 (2009), http://ao.osa.org/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-48-31-G119 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Bigot, A.-M. Jurdyc, B. Jacquier, L. Gasca, and D. Bayart, “Resonant fluorescence line narrowing measurements in erbium-doped glasses for optical amplifiers,” Phys. Rev. B 66(21), 214204 (2002), http://link.aps.org/abstract/PRB/v66/e214204 .
[CrossRef]

Lin, Y.

A. Tesar, J. Campbell, M. Weber, C. Weinzapfel, Y. Lin, H. Meissner, and H. Toratani, “Optical properties and laser parameters of Nd3+-doped fluoride glasses,” Opt. Mater. 1(3), 217–234 (1992), http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6TXP-46JYH7T-12/2/ebb604aa56cedf44ce25f8ad7c54286b .
[CrossRef]

Matsuishi, S.

A. Saitoh, S. Matsuishi, C. Se-Weon, J. Nishii, M. Oto, M. Hirano, and H. Hosono, “Elucidation of codoping effects on the solubility enhancement of Er3+ in SiO2 glass: striking difference between Al and P codoping,” J. Phys. Chem. B 110(15), 7617–7620 (2006), http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/jp060702w .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Meissner, H.

A. Tesar, J. Campbell, M. Weber, C. Weinzapfel, Y. Lin, H. Meissner, and H. Toratani, “Optical properties and laser parameters of Nd3+-doped fluoride glasses,” Opt. Mater. 1(3), 217–234 (1992), http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6TXP-46JYH7T-12/2/ebb604aa56cedf44ce25f8ad7c54286b .
[CrossRef]

Monnom, G.

Nagakura, T.

M. Nogami, T. Nagakura, and T. Hayakawa, “Site-dependent fluorescence and hole-burning spectra of Eu3+-doped Al2O3-SiO2 glasses,” J. Lumin. 86(2), 117–123 (2000), http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6TJH-3YJYG4V-5/2/2c0b7e6bdc228c1b81f4d829a6cecc38 .
[CrossRef]

Nishii, J.

A. Saitoh, S. Matsuishi, C. Se-Weon, J. Nishii, M. Oto, M. Hirano, and H. Hosono, “Elucidation of codoping effects on the solubility enhancement of Er3+ in SiO2 glass: striking difference between Al and P codoping,” J. Phys. Chem. B 110(15), 7617–7620 (2006), http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/jp060702w .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nogami, M.

M. Nogami, T. Nagakura, and T. Hayakawa, “Site-dependent fluorescence and hole-burning spectra of Eu3+-doped Al2O3-SiO2 glasses,” J. Lumin. 86(2), 117–123 (2000), http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6TJH-3YJYG4V-5/2/2c0b7e6bdc228c1b81f4d829a6cecc38 .
[CrossRef]

Oto, M.

A. Saitoh, S. Matsuishi, C. Se-Weon, J. Nishii, M. Oto, M. Hirano, and H. Hosono, “Elucidation of codoping effects on the solubility enhancement of Er3+ in SiO2 glass: striking difference between Al and P codoping,” J. Phys. Chem. B 110(15), 7617–7620 (2006), http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/jp060702w .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pantell, R. H.

M. J. F. Digonnet, M. K. Davis, and R. H. Pantell, “Rate Equations for Clusters in Rare Earth-Doped Fibers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 1(1), 48–58 (1994), http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6WP0-45SJ8JV-5/2/b4c0d012faba1bda3c0529cdd3e655a5 .
[CrossRef]

Peretti, R.

W. Blanc, B. Dussardier, G. Monnom, R. Peretti, A.-M. Jurdyc, B. Jacquier, M. Foret, and A. Roberts, “Erbium emission properties in nanostructured fibers,” Appl. Opt. 48(31), G119–G124 (2009), http://ao.osa.org/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-48-31-G119 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Peretti, A. Jurdyc, B. Jacquier, E. Burov, and L. Gasca, “Resonant fluorescence line narrowing and gain spectral hole burning in erbium-doped fiber amplifier,” J. Lumin. 128(5–6), 1010–1012 (2008), http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6TJH-4R9GH1F-1/2/07dbf3f916f8a8d628aba9d36d9252f2 .

Roberts, A.

Saitoh, A.

A. Saitoh, S. Matsuishi, C. Se-Weon, J. Nishii, M. Oto, M. Hirano, and H. Hosono, “Elucidation of codoping effects on the solubility enhancement of Er3+ in SiO2 glass: striking difference between Al and P codoping,” J. Phys. Chem. B 110(15), 7617–7620 (2006), http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/jp060702w .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Se-Weon, C.

A. Saitoh, S. Matsuishi, C. Se-Weon, J. Nishii, M. Oto, M. Hirano, and H. Hosono, “Elucidation of codoping effects on the solubility enhancement of Er3+ in SiO2 glass: striking difference between Al and P codoping,” J. Phys. Chem. B 110(15), 7617–7620 (2006), http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/jp060702w .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Simpson, J.

E. Desurvire, J. Sulhoff, J. Zyskind, and J. Simpson, “Study of spectral dependence of gain saturation and effect of inhomogeneous broadening in Erbium-doped aluminosilicate fiber amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2(9), 653–655 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Sulhoff, J.

E. Desurvire, J. Sulhoff, J. Zyskind, and J. Simpson, “Study of spectral dependence of gain saturation and effect of inhomogeneous broadening in Erbium-doped aluminosilicate fiber amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2(9), 653–655 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Tesar, A.

A. Tesar, J. Campbell, M. Weber, C. Weinzapfel, Y. Lin, H. Meissner, and H. Toratani, “Optical properties and laser parameters of Nd3+-doped fluoride glasses,” Opt. Mater. 1(3), 217–234 (1992), http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6TXP-46JYH7T-12/2/ebb604aa56cedf44ce25f8ad7c54286b .
[CrossRef]

Toratani, H.

A. Tesar, J. Campbell, M. Weber, C. Weinzapfel, Y. Lin, H. Meissner, and H. Toratani, “Optical properties and laser parameters of Nd3+-doped fluoride glasses,” Opt. Mater. 1(3), 217–234 (1992), http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6TXP-46JYH7T-12/2/ebb604aa56cedf44ce25f8ad7c54286b .
[CrossRef]

Vasilief, I.

S. Guy, L. Bigot, I. Vasilief, B. Jacquier, B. Boulard, and Y. Gao, “Two crystallographic sites in erbium-doped fluoride glass by frequency-resolved and site-selective spectroscopies,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 336(3), 165–172 (2004), http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6TXM-4C0TKXW-2/2/ccff61d3d6adc78710cad5db05b2653a .
[CrossRef]

Weber, M.

A. Tesar, J. Campbell, M. Weber, C. Weinzapfel, Y. Lin, H. Meissner, and H. Toratani, “Optical properties and laser parameters of Nd3+-doped fluoride glasses,” Opt. Mater. 1(3), 217–234 (1992), http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6TXP-46JYH7T-12/2/ebb604aa56cedf44ce25f8ad7c54286b .
[CrossRef]

Weinzapfel, C.

A. Tesar, J. Campbell, M. Weber, C. Weinzapfel, Y. Lin, H. Meissner, and H. Toratani, “Optical properties and laser parameters of Nd3+-doped fluoride glasses,” Opt. Mater. 1(3), 217–234 (1992), http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6TXP-46JYH7T-12/2/ebb604aa56cedf44ce25f8ad7c54286b .
[CrossRef]

Zyskind, J.

E. Desurvire, J. Sulhoff, J. Zyskind, and J. Simpson, “Study of spectral dependence of gain saturation and effect of inhomogeneous broadening in Erbium-doped aluminosilicate fiber amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2(9), 653–655 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Fluorescence peak position as a function of Aluminum concentration for different samples [8]

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

IDS spectrum of Er3+ in sample A at 1,5K by RFLN. Experiments: solid black lines depict RFLN response (spectral resolution limited) and black squares, the energy of each RFLN spectrum. Fitting: grey solid line reproduces a bi-Gaussian fit and dashed and dotted black lines, the composition of the bi-Gaussian fit.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

IDS spectrum of Er3+ in sample B at 1,5K by RFLN. Solid black lines depict RFLN spectra (spectral resolution limited) and black squares, the energy of each RFLN peak. The grey solid line represents the Gaussian fit.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Parameters with experimental error bars of the Gaussian curves used to fit IDS data of samples A and B. Furthermore proportion of the two Gaussian bands to the full profile is indicated as weight parameter based on area measurements.

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